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From: Krzysztof Kozlowski <>
To: Stephan Gerhold <>,
	Bongsu Jeon <>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <>,
	Jakub Kicinski <>,
	Rob Herring <>,,,,,
Subject: Re: [linux-nfc] Re: [PATCH 2/2] nfc: s3fwrn5: i2c: Enable optional clock from device tree
Date: Wed, 19 May 2021 11:58:38 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On 19/05/2021 04:07, Stephan Gerhold wrote:
> On Tue, May 18, 2021 at 11:25:55AM -0400, Krzysztof Kozlowski wrote:
>> On 18/05/2021 11:00, Stephan Gerhold wrote:
>>> On Tue, May 18, 2021 at 10:30:43AM -0400, Krzysztof Kozlowski wrote:
>>>> On 18/05/2021 09:39, Stephan Gerhold wrote:
>>>>> s3fwrn5 has a NFC_CLK_REQ output GPIO, which is asserted whenever
>>>>> the clock is needed for the current operation. This GPIO can be either
>>>>> connected directly to the clock provider, or must be monitored by
>>>>> this driver.
>>>>> As an example for the first case, on many Qualcomm devices the
>>>>> NFC clock is provided by the main PMIC. The clock can be either
>>>>> permanently enabled (clocks = <&rpmcc RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2>) or enabled
>>>>> only when requested through a special input pin on the PMIC
>>>>> (clocks = <&rpmcc RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2_PIN>).
>>>>> On the Samsung Galaxy A3/A5 (2015, Qualcomm MSM8916) this mechanism
>>>>> is used with S3FWRN5's NFC_CLK_REQ output GPIO to enable the clock
>>>>> only when necessary. However, to make that work the s3fwrn5 driver
>>>>> must keep the RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2_PIN clock enabled.
>>>> This contradicts the code. You wrote that pin should be kept enabled
>>>> (somehow... by driver? by it's firmware?) but your code requests the
>>>> clock from provider.
>>> Yeah, I see how that's a bit confusing. Let me try to explain it a bit
>>> better. So the Samsung Galaxy A5 (2015) has a "S3FWRN5XS1-YF30", some
>>> variant of S3FWRN5 I guess. That S3FWRN5 has a "XI" and "XO" pin in the
>>> schematics. "XO" seems to be floating, but "XI" goes to "BB_CLK2"
>>> on PM8916 (the main PMIC).
>>> Then, there is "GPIO2/NFC_CLK_REQ" on the S3FWRN5. This goes to
>>> GPIO_2_NFC_CLK_REQ on PM8916. (Note: I'm talking about two different
>>> GPIO2 here, one on S3FWRN5 and one on PM8916, they just happen to have
>>> the same number...)
>>> So in other words, S3FWRN5 gets some clock from BB_CLK2 on PM8916,
>>> and can tell PM8916 that it needs the clock via GPIO2/NFC_CLK_REQ.
>>> Now the confusing part is that the rpmcc/clk-smd-rpm driver has two
>>> clocks that represent BB_CLK2 (see include/dt-bindings/clock/qcom,rpmcc.h):
>>>   - RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2
>>> (There are also *_CLK2_A variants but they are even more confusing
>>>  and not needed here...)
>>> Those end up in different register settings in PM8916. There is one bit
>>> to permanently enable BB_CLK2 (= RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2), and one bit to enable
>>> BB_CLK2 based on the status of GPIO_2_NFC_CLK_REQ on PM8916
>>> (= RPM_SMD_BB_CLK2_PIN).
>>> So there is indeed some kind of "AND" inside PM8916 (the register bit
>>> and "NFC_CLK_REQ" input pin). To make that "AND" work I need to make
>>> some driver (here: the s3fwrn5 driver) enable the clock so the register
>>> bit in PM8916 gets set.
>> Thanks for the explanation, it sounds good. The GPIO2 (or how you call
>> it NFC_CLK_REQ) on S3FWRN5 looks like non-configurable from Linux point
>> of view. Probably the device firmware plays with it always or at least
>> handles it in an unknown way for us.
> FWIW, I was looking at some more s3fwrn5 code yesterday and came
> across this (in s3fwrn5_nci_rf_configure()):
> 	/* Set default clock configuration for external crystal */
> 	fw_cfg.clk_type = 0x01;
> 	fw_cfg.clk_speed = 0xff;
> 	fw_cfg.clk_req = 0xff;
> 	ret = nci_prop_cmd(info->ndev, NCI_PROP_FW_CFG,
> 		sizeof(fw_cfg), (__u8 *)&fw_cfg);
> 	if (ret < 0)
> 		goto out;
> It does look quite suspiciously like that configures how s3fwrn5 expects
> the clock and possibly (fw_cfg.clk_req?) how GPIO2 behaves. But it's not
> particularly useful without some documentation for the magic numbers.

Right, without documentation of FW protocol there is not much we can
deduct here. There is no proof even that the comment matches actual code.

Dear Bongsu,
Maybe you could share some details about clock selection?

> Personally, I just skip all firmware/RF configuration (which works thanks
> to commit 4fb7b98c7be3 ("nfc: s3fwrn5: skip the NFC bootloader mode")).
> That way, S3FWRN5 just continues using the proper configuration
> that was loaded by the vendor drivers at some point. :)

But isn't that configuration lost after power off?

Best regards,

  reply	other threads:[~2021-05-19 15:58 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-05-18 13:39 [PATCH 1/2] dt-bindings: net: nfc: s3fwrn5: Add optional clock Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-18 13:39 ` [PATCH 2/2] nfc: s3fwrn5: i2c: Enable optional clock from device tree Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-18 14:30   ` [linux-nfc] " Krzysztof Kozlowski
2021-05-18 15:00     ` Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-18 15:25       ` [linux-nfc] " Krzysztof Kozlowski
2021-05-18 15:37         ` Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-19  8:07         ` Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-19 15:58           ` Krzysztof Kozlowski [this message]
2021-05-20  7:41             ` Stephan Gerhold
2021-05-20 11:40             ` Bongsu Jeon
2021-05-21 15:02               ` Krzysztof Kozlowski

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