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From: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
To: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: X86 ML <x86@kernel.org>, LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
Subject: [PATCH 2/4] x86: Detect CPUID support early at boot
Date: Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:22:16 +0100
Message-ID: <1360592538-10643-3-git-send-email-bp@alien8.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1360592538-10643-1-git-send-email-bp@alien8.de>

From: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>

We detect CPUID function support on each CPU and save it for later use,
obviating the need to play the toggle EFLAGS.ID game every time. C code
is looking at ->cpuid_level anyway.

Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++------------------------
 1 file changed, 25 insertions(+), 25 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
index f4d919e2cd2b..73e084a6d2c5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
@@ -318,30 +318,39 @@ default_entry:
 	movl %eax,%cr0
 
 /*
- *	New page tables may be in 4Mbyte page mode and may
- *	be using the global pages. 
+ * We want to start out with EFLAGS unambiguously cleared. Some BIOSes leave
+ * bits like NT set. This would confuse the debugger if this code is traced. So
+ * initialize them properly now before switching to protected mode. That means
+ * DF in particular (even though we have cleared it earlier after copying the
+ * command line) because GCC expects it.
+ */
+	pushl $0
+	popfl
+
+/*
+ * New page tables may be in 4Mbyte page mode and may be using the global pages.
  *
- *	NOTE! If we are on a 486 we may have no cr4 at all!
- *	Specifically, cr4 exists if and only if CPUID exists
- *	and has flags other than the FPU flag set.
+ * NOTE! If we are on a 486 we may have no cr4 at all! Specifically, cr4 exists
+ * if and only if CPUID exists and has flags other than the FPU flag set.
  */
+	movl $-1,pa(X86_CPUID)		# preset CPUID level
 	movl $X86_EFLAGS_ID,%ecx
 	pushl %ecx
-	popfl
-	pushfl
-	popl %eax
-	pushl $0
-	popfl
+	popfl				# set EFLAGS=ID
 	pushfl
-	popl %edx
-	xorl %edx,%eax
-	testl %ecx,%eax
-	jz 6f			# No ID flag = no CPUID = no CR4
+	popl %eax			# get EFLAGS
+	testl $X86_EFLAGS_ID,%eax	# did EFLAGS.ID remained set?
+	jz 6f				# hw disallowed setting of ID bit
+					# which means no CPUID and no CR4
+
+	xorl %eax,%eax
+	cpuid
+	movl %eax,pa(X86_CPUID)		# save largest std CPUID function
 
 	movl $1,%eax
 	cpuid
-	andl $~1,%edx		# Ignore CPUID.FPU
-	jz 6f			# No flags or only CPUID.FPU = no CR4
+	andl $~1,%edx			# Ignore CPUID.FPU
+	jz 6f				# No flags or only CPUID.FPU = no CR4
 
 	movl pa(mmu_cr4_features),%eax
 	movl %eax,%cr4
@@ -389,14 +398,6 @@ default_entry:
 	addl $__PAGE_OFFSET, %esp
 
 /*
- * Initialize eflags.  Some BIOS's leave bits like NT set.  This would
- * confuse the debugger if this code is traced.
- * XXX - best to initialize before switching to protected mode.
- */
-	pushl $0
-	popfl
-
-/*
  * start system 32-bit setup. We need to re-do some of the things done
  * in 16-bit mode for the "real" operations.
  */
@@ -472,7 +473,6 @@ is486:	movl $0x50022,%ecx	# set AM, WP, NE and MP
 	xorl %eax,%eax			# Clear LDT
 	lldt %ax
 
-	cld			# gcc2 wants the direction flag cleared at all times
 	pushl $0		# fake return address for unwinder
 	jmp *(initial_code)
 
-- 
1.8.1.3.535.ga923c31


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2013-02-11 14:22 [PATCH 0/4 -v3] x86, head_32: Some cleanups Borislav Petkov
2013-02-11 14:22 ` [PATCH 1/4] x86, head_32: Remove i386 pieces Borislav Petkov
2013-02-13  0:07   ` [tip:x86/asm] " tip-bot for Borislav Petkov
2013-02-11 14:22 ` Borislav Petkov [this message]
2013-02-13  0:09   ` [tip:x86/asm] x86: Detect CPUID support early at boot tip-bot for Borislav Petkov
2013-02-11 14:22 ` [PATCH 3/4] x86, head_32: Remove second CPUID detection from default_entry Borislav Petkov
2013-02-11 15:49   ` H. Peter Anvin
2013-02-11 17:15     ` Borislav Petkov
2013-02-11 17:21       ` H. Peter Anvin
2013-02-13  0:10   ` [tip:x86/asm] " tip-bot for Borislav Petkov
2013-02-11 14:22 ` [PATCH 4/4] x86, head_32: Give the 6 label a real name Borislav Petkov
2013-02-13  0:11   ` [tip:x86/asm] " tip-bot for Borislav Petkov
2013-02-11 16:56 ` [PATCH 0/4 -v3] x86, head_32: Some cleanups H. Peter Anvin
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2013-02-03 16:14 [PATCH 0/4] " Borislav Petkov
2013-02-03 16:14 ` [PATCH 2/4] x86: Detect CPUID support early at boot Borislav Petkov

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