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From: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
To: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>, Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>,
	Mike Galbraith <mgalbraith@suse.de>,
	Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Subject: [PATCH 1/1] sched: Make schedstats a runtime tunable that is disabled by default v5
Date: Fri,  5 Feb 2016 09:08:36 +0000
Message-ID: <1454663316-22048-1-git-send-email-mgorman@techsingularity.net> (raw)

Changelog since v4
o Correct typo in the documentation
o Updated changelog to emphasise cycle savings over cache footprint
o Warn if schedstats is disabled and a tracepoint depends on it

Changelog since v3
o Force enable stats during profiling and latencytop

Changelog since V2
o Print stats that are not related to schedstat
o Reintroduce a static inline for update_stats_dequeue

Changelog since V1
o Introduce schedstat_enabled and address Ingo's feedback
o More schedstat-only paths eliminated, particularly ttwu_stat

schedstats is very useful during debugging and performance tuning but it
incurs overhead to calculate the stats. As such, even though it can be
disabled at build time, it is often enabled as the information is useful.
This patch adds a kernel command-line and sysctl tunable to enable or
disable schedstats on demand. It is disabled by default as someone who
knows they need it can also learn to enable it when necessary.

The benefits are dependent on how scheduler-intensive the workload is.  If it
is then the patch reduces the number of cycles spent calculating the stats
with a small benefit from reducing the cache footprint of the scheduler.

These measurements were taken from a 48-core 2-socket
machine with Xeon(R) E5-2670 v3 cpus although they were also tested on a
single socket machine 8-core machine with Intel i7-3770 processors.

netperf-tcp
                           4.5.0-rc1             4.5.0-rc1
                             vanilla          nostats-v3r1
Hmean    64         560.45 (  0.00%)      575.98 (  2.77%)
Hmean    128        766.66 (  0.00%)      795.79 (  3.80%)
Hmean    256        950.51 (  0.00%)      981.50 (  3.26%)
Hmean    1024      1433.25 (  0.00%)     1466.51 (  2.32%)
Hmean    2048      2810.54 (  0.00%)     2879.75 (  2.46%)
Hmean    3312      4618.18 (  0.00%)     4682.09 (  1.38%)
Hmean    4096      5306.42 (  0.00%)     5346.39 (  0.75%)
Hmean    8192     10581.44 (  0.00%)    10698.15 (  1.10%)
Hmean    16384    18857.70 (  0.00%)    18937.61 (  0.42%)

Small gains here, UDP_STREAM showed nothing intresting and neither did
the TCP_RR tests. The gains on the 8-core machine were very similar.

tbench4
                                 4.5.0-rc1             4.5.0-rc1
                                   vanilla          nostats-v3r1
Hmean    mb/sec-1         500.85 (  0.00%)      522.43 (  4.31%)
Hmean    mb/sec-2         984.66 (  0.00%)     1018.19 (  3.41%)
Hmean    mb/sec-4        1827.91 (  0.00%)     1847.78 (  1.09%)
Hmean    mb/sec-8        3561.36 (  0.00%)     3611.28 (  1.40%)
Hmean    mb/sec-16       5824.52 (  0.00%)     5929.03 (  1.79%)
Hmean    mb/sec-32      10943.10 (  0.00%)    10802.83 ( -1.28%)
Hmean    mb/sec-64      15950.81 (  0.00%)    16211.31 (  1.63%)
Hmean    mb/sec-128     15302.17 (  0.00%)    15445.11 (  0.93%)
Hmean    mb/sec-256     14866.18 (  0.00%)    15088.73 (  1.50%)
Hmean    mb/sec-512     15223.31 (  0.00%)    15373.69 (  0.99%)
Hmean    mb/sec-1024    14574.25 (  0.00%)    14598.02 (  0.16%)
Hmean    mb/sec-2048    13569.02 (  0.00%)    13733.86 (  1.21%)
Hmean    mb/sec-3072    12865.98 (  0.00%)    13209.23 (  2.67%)

Small gains of 2-4% at low thread counts and otherwise flat.  The
gains on the 8-core machine were slightly different

tbench4 on 8-core i7-3770 single socket machine
Hmean    mb/sec-1        442.59 (  0.00%)      448.73 (  1.39%)
Hmean    mb/sec-2        796.68 (  0.00%)      794.39 ( -0.29%)
Hmean    mb/sec-4       1322.52 (  0.00%)     1343.66 (  1.60%)
Hmean    mb/sec-8       2611.65 (  0.00%)     2694.86 (  3.19%)
Hmean    mb/sec-16      2537.07 (  0.00%)     2609.34 (  2.85%)
Hmean    mb/sec-32      2506.02 (  0.00%)     2578.18 (  2.88%)
Hmean    mb/sec-64      2511.06 (  0.00%)     2569.16 (  2.31%)
Hmean    mb/sec-128     2313.38 (  0.00%)     2395.50 (  3.55%)
Hmean    mb/sec-256     2110.04 (  0.00%)     2177.45 (  3.19%)
Hmean    mb/sec-512     2072.51 (  0.00%)     2053.97 ( -0.89%)

In constract, this shows a relatively steady 2-3% gain at higher thread
counts. Due to the nature of the patch and the type of workload, it's
not a surprise that the result will depend on the CPU used.

hackbench-pipes
                         4.5.0-rc1             4.5.0-rc1
                           vanilla          nostats-v3r1
Amean    1        0.0637 (  0.00%)      0.0660 ( -3.59%)
Amean    4        0.1229 (  0.00%)      0.1181 (  3.84%)
Amean    7        0.1921 (  0.00%)      0.1911 (  0.52%)
Amean    12       0.3117 (  0.00%)      0.2923 (  6.23%)
Amean    21       0.4050 (  0.00%)      0.3899 (  3.74%)
Amean    30       0.4586 (  0.00%)      0.4433 (  3.33%)
Amean    48       0.5910 (  0.00%)      0.5694 (  3.65%)
Amean    79       0.8663 (  0.00%)      0.8626 (  0.43%)
Amean    110      1.1543 (  0.00%)      1.1517 (  0.22%)
Amean    141      1.4457 (  0.00%)      1.4290 (  1.16%)
Amean    172      1.7090 (  0.00%)      1.6924 (  0.97%)
Amean    192      1.9126 (  0.00%)      1.9089 (  0.19%)

Some small gains and losses and while the variance data is not included,
it's close to the noise. The UMA machine did not show anything particularly
different

pipetest
                             4.5.0-rc1             4.5.0-rc1
                               vanilla          nostats-v2r2
Min         Time        4.13 (  0.00%)        3.99 (  3.39%)
1st-qrtle   Time        4.38 (  0.00%)        4.27 (  2.51%)
2nd-qrtle   Time        4.46 (  0.00%)        4.39 (  1.57%)
3rd-qrtle   Time        4.56 (  0.00%)        4.51 (  1.10%)
Max-90%     Time        4.67 (  0.00%)        4.60 (  1.50%)
Max-93%     Time        4.71 (  0.00%)        4.65 (  1.27%)
Max-95%     Time        4.74 (  0.00%)        4.71 (  0.63%)
Max-99%     Time        4.88 (  0.00%)        4.79 (  1.84%)
Max         Time        4.93 (  0.00%)        4.83 (  2.03%)
Mean        Time        4.48 (  0.00%)        4.39 (  1.91%)
Best99%Mean Time        4.47 (  0.00%)        4.39 (  1.91%)
Best95%Mean Time        4.46 (  0.00%)        4.38 (  1.93%)
Best90%Mean Time        4.45 (  0.00%)        4.36 (  1.98%)
Best50%Mean Time        4.36 (  0.00%)        4.25 (  2.49%)
Best10%Mean Time        4.23 (  0.00%)        4.10 (  3.13%)
Best5%Mean  Time        4.19 (  0.00%)        4.06 (  3.20%)
Best1%Mean  Time        4.13 (  0.00%)        4.00 (  3.39%)

Small improvement and similar gains were seen on the UMA machine.

The gain is small but it stands to reason that doing less work in the
scheduler is a good thing. The downside is that the lack of schedstats and
tracepoints may be surprising to experts doing performance analysis until
they find the existence of the schedstats= parameter or schedstats sysctl.
It will be automatically activated for latencytop and sleep profiling to
alleviate the problem. For tracepoints, there is a simple warning as it's
not safe to activate schedstats in the context when it's known the tracepoint
may be wanted but is unavailable.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Reviewed-by: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
Reviewed-by: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
 Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt |   5 ++
 Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt     |   8 +++
 include/linux/latencytop.h          |   3 +
 include/linux/sched.h               |   4 ++
 include/linux/sched/sysctl.h        |   4 ++
 kernel/latencytop.c                 |  14 ++++-
 kernel/profile.c                    |   1 +
 kernel/sched/core.c                 |  70 +++++++++++++++++++++-
 kernel/sched/debug.c                | 102 +++++++++++++++++---------------
 kernel/sched/fair.c                 | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 kernel/sched/sched.h                |   1 +
 kernel/sched/stats.h                |   8 ++-
 kernel/sysctl.c                     |  13 ++++-
 13 files changed, 256 insertions(+), 90 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 87d40a72f6a1..846956abfe85 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3523,6 +3523,11 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
 
 	sched_debug	[KNL] Enables verbose scheduler debug messages.
 
+	schedstats=	[KNL,X86] Enable or disable scheduled statistics.
+			Allowed values are enable and disable. This feature
+			incurs a small amount of overhead in the scheduler
+			but is useful for debugging and performance tuning.
+
 	skew_tick=	[KNL] Offset the periodic timer tick per cpu to mitigate
 			xtime_lock contention on larger systems, and/or RCU lock
 			contention on all systems with CONFIG_MAXSMP set.
diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
index a93b414672a7..87119dc9bc64 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt
@@ -760,6 +760,14 @@ rtsig-nr shows the number of RT signals currently queued.
 
 ==============================================================
 
+sched_schedstats:
+
+Enables/disables scheduler statistics. Enabling this feature
+incurs a small amount of overhead in the scheduler but is
+useful for debugging and performance tuning.
+
+==============================================================
+
 sg-big-buff:
 
 This file shows the size of the generic SCSI (sg) buffer.
diff --git a/include/linux/latencytop.h b/include/linux/latencytop.h
index e23121f9d82a..59ccab297ae0 100644
--- a/include/linux/latencytop.h
+++ b/include/linux/latencytop.h
@@ -37,6 +37,9 @@ account_scheduler_latency(struct task_struct *task, int usecs, int inter)
 
 void clear_all_latency_tracing(struct task_struct *p);
 
+extern int sysctl_latencytop(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
+			void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos);
+
 #else
 
 static inline void
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index a10494a94cc3..a292c4b7e94c 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -920,6 +920,10 @@ static inline int sched_info_on(void)
 #endif
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
+void force_schedstat_enabled(void);
+#endif
+
 enum cpu_idle_type {
 	CPU_IDLE,
 	CPU_NOT_IDLE,
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/sysctl.h b/include/linux/sched/sysctl.h
index c9e4731cf10b..4f080ab4f2cd 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/sysctl.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/sysctl.h
@@ -95,4 +95,8 @@ extern int sysctl_numa_balancing(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
 				 void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp,
 				 loff_t *ppos);
 
+extern int sysctl_schedstats(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
+				 void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp,
+				 loff_t *ppos);
+
 #endif /* _SCHED_SYSCTL_H */
diff --git a/kernel/latencytop.c b/kernel/latencytop.c
index a02812743a7e..b5c30d9f46c5 100644
--- a/kernel/latencytop.c
+++ b/kernel/latencytop.c
@@ -47,12 +47,12 @@
  * of times)
  */
 
-#include <linux/latencytop.h>
 #include <linux/kallsyms.h>
 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
 #include <linux/notifier.h>
 #include <linux/spinlock.h>
 #include <linux/proc_fs.h>
+#include <linux/latencytop.h>
 #include <linux/export.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/list.h>
@@ -289,4 +289,16 @@ static int __init init_lstats_procfs(void)
 	proc_create("latency_stats", 0644, NULL, &lstats_fops);
 	return 0;
 }
+
+int sysctl_latencytop(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
+			void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	int err;
+
+	err = proc_dointvec(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
+	if (latencytop_enabled)
+		force_schedstat_enabled();
+
+	return err;
+}
 device_initcall(init_lstats_procfs);
diff --git a/kernel/profile.c b/kernel/profile.c
index 99513e1160e5..51369697466e 100644
--- a/kernel/profile.c
+++ b/kernel/profile.c
@@ -59,6 +59,7 @@ int profile_setup(char *str)
 
 	if (!strncmp(str, sleepstr, strlen(sleepstr))) {
 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
+		force_schedstat_enabled();
 		prof_on = SLEEP_PROFILING;
 		if (str[strlen(sleepstr)] == ',')
 			str += strlen(sleepstr) + 1;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 9503d590e5ef..5a805a459d1a 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -2093,7 +2093,8 @@ try_to_wake_up(struct task_struct *p, unsigned int state, int wake_flags)
 
 	ttwu_queue(p, cpu);
 stat:
-	ttwu_stat(p, cpu, wake_flags);
+	if (schedstat_enabled())
+		ttwu_stat(p, cpu, wake_flags);
 out:
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->pi_lock, flags);
 
@@ -2141,7 +2142,8 @@ static void try_to_wake_up_local(struct task_struct *p)
 		ttwu_activate(rq, p, ENQUEUE_WAKEUP);
 
 	ttwu_do_wakeup(rq, p, 0);
-	ttwu_stat(p, smp_processor_id(), 0);
+	if (schedstat_enabled())
+		ttwu_stat(p, smp_processor_id(), 0);
 out:
 	raw_spin_unlock(&p->pi_lock);
 }
@@ -2210,6 +2212,7 @@ static void __sched_fork(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *p)
 #endif
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
+	/* Even if schedstat is disabled, there should not be garbage */
 	memset(&p->se.statistics, 0, sizeof(p->se.statistics));
 #endif
 
@@ -2281,6 +2284,69 @@ int sysctl_numa_balancing(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
 #endif
 #endif
 
+DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(sched_schedstats);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
+static void set_schedstats(bool enabled)
+{
+	if (enabled)
+		static_branch_enable(&sched_schedstats);
+	else
+		static_branch_disable(&sched_schedstats);
+}
+
+void force_schedstat_enabled(void)
+{
+	if (!schedstat_enabled()) {
+		pr_info("kernel profiling enabled schedstats, disable via kernel.sched_schedstats.\n");
+		static_branch_enable(&sched_schedstats);
+	}
+}
+
+static int __init setup_schedstats(char *str)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	if (!str)
+		goto out;
+
+	if (!strcmp(str, "enable")) {
+		set_schedstats(true);
+		ret = 1;
+	} else if (!strcmp(str, "disable")) {
+		set_schedstats(false);
+		ret = 1;
+	}
+out:
+	if (!ret)
+		pr_warn("Unable to parse schedstats=\n");
+
+	return ret;
+}
+__setup("schedstats=", setup_schedstats);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_SYSCTL
+int sysctl_schedstats(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
+			 void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct ctl_table t;
+	int err;
+	int state = static_branch_likely(&sched_schedstats);
+
+	if (write && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+		return -EPERM;
+
+	t = *table;
+	t.data = &state;
+	err = proc_dointvec_minmax(&t, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
+	if (err < 0)
+		return err;
+	if (write)
+		set_schedstats(state);
+	return err;
+}
+#endif
+#endif
+
 /*
  * fork()/clone()-time setup:
  */
diff --git a/kernel/sched/debug.c b/kernel/sched/debug.c
index 641511771ae6..7cfa87bd8b89 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/debug.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/debug.c
@@ -75,16 +75,18 @@ static void print_cfs_group_stats(struct seq_file *m, int cpu, struct task_group
 	PN(se->vruntime);
 	PN(se->sum_exec_runtime);
 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
-	PN(se->statistics.wait_start);
-	PN(se->statistics.sleep_start);
-	PN(se->statistics.block_start);
-	PN(se->statistics.sleep_max);
-	PN(se->statistics.block_max);
-	PN(se->statistics.exec_max);
-	PN(se->statistics.slice_max);
-	PN(se->statistics.wait_max);
-	PN(se->statistics.wait_sum);
-	P(se->statistics.wait_count);
+	if (schedstat_enabled()) {
+		PN(se->statistics.wait_start);
+		PN(se->statistics.sleep_start);
+		PN(se->statistics.block_start);
+		PN(se->statistics.sleep_max);
+		PN(se->statistics.block_max);
+		PN(se->statistics.exec_max);
+		PN(se->statistics.slice_max);
+		PN(se->statistics.wait_max);
+		PN(se->statistics.wait_sum);
+		P(se->statistics.wait_count);
+	}
 #endif
 	P(se->load.weight);
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
@@ -122,10 +124,12 @@ print_task(struct seq_file *m, struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
 		(long long)(p->nvcsw + p->nivcsw),
 		p->prio);
 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
-	SEQ_printf(m, "%9Ld.%06ld %9Ld.%06ld %9Ld.%06ld",
-		SPLIT_NS(p->se.statistics.wait_sum),
-		SPLIT_NS(p->se.sum_exec_runtime),
-		SPLIT_NS(p->se.statistics.sum_sleep_runtime));
+	if (schedstat_enabled()) {
+		SEQ_printf(m, "%9Ld.%06ld %9Ld.%06ld %9Ld.%06ld",
+			SPLIT_NS(p->se.statistics.wait_sum),
+			SPLIT_NS(p->se.sum_exec_runtime),
+			SPLIT_NS(p->se.statistics.sum_sleep_runtime));
+	}
 #else
 	SEQ_printf(m, "%9Ld.%06ld %9Ld.%06ld %9Ld.%06ld",
 		0LL, 0L,
@@ -313,17 +317,18 @@ do {									\
 #define P(n) SEQ_printf(m, "  .%-30s: %d\n", #n, rq->n);
 #define P64(n) SEQ_printf(m, "  .%-30s: %Ld\n", #n, rq->n);
 
-	P(yld_count);
-
-	P(sched_count);
-	P(sched_goidle);
 #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
 	P64(avg_idle);
 	P64(max_idle_balance_cost);
 #endif
 
-	P(ttwu_count);
-	P(ttwu_local);
+	if (schedstat_enabled()) {
+		P(yld_count);
+		P(sched_count);
+		P(sched_goidle);
+		P(ttwu_count);
+		P(ttwu_local);
+	}
 
 #undef P
 #undef P64
@@ -569,38 +574,39 @@ void proc_sched_show_task(struct task_struct *p, struct seq_file *m)
 	nr_switches = p->nvcsw + p->nivcsw;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
-	PN(se.statistics.sum_sleep_runtime);
-	PN(se.statistics.wait_start);
-	PN(se.statistics.sleep_start);
-	PN(se.statistics.block_start);
-	PN(se.statistics.sleep_max);
-	PN(se.statistics.block_max);
-	PN(se.statistics.exec_max);
-	PN(se.statistics.slice_max);
-	PN(se.statistics.wait_max);
-	PN(se.statistics.wait_sum);
-	P(se.statistics.wait_count);
-	PN(se.statistics.iowait_sum);
-	P(se.statistics.iowait_count);
 	P(se.nr_migrations);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_migrations_cold);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_affine);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_running);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_hot);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_forced_migrations);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_sync);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_migrate);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_local);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_remote);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_affine);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_affine_attempts);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_passive);
-	P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_idle);
 
-	{
+	if (schedstat_enabled()) {
 		u64 avg_atom, avg_per_cpu;
 
+		PN(se.statistics.sum_sleep_runtime);
+		PN(se.statistics.wait_start);
+		PN(se.statistics.sleep_start);
+		PN(se.statistics.block_start);
+		PN(se.statistics.sleep_max);
+		PN(se.statistics.block_max);
+		PN(se.statistics.exec_max);
+		PN(se.statistics.slice_max);
+		PN(se.statistics.wait_max);
+		PN(se.statistics.wait_sum);
+		P(se.statistics.wait_count);
+		PN(se.statistics.iowait_sum);
+		P(se.statistics.iowait_count);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_migrations_cold);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_affine);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_running);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_failed_migrations_hot);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_forced_migrations);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_sync);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_migrate);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_local);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_remote);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_affine);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_affine_attempts);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_passive);
+		P(se.statistics.nr_wakeups_idle);
+
 		avg_atom = p->se.sum_exec_runtime;
 		if (nr_switches)
 			avg_atom = div64_ul(avg_atom, nr_switches);
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 56b7d4b83947..51a45502d8a6 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -20,8 +20,8 @@
  *  Copyright (C) 2007 Red Hat, Inc., Peter Zijlstra
  */
 
-#include <linux/latencytop.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/latencytop.h>
 #include <linux/cpumask.h>
 #include <linux/cpuidle.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
@@ -755,7 +755,9 @@ static void
 update_stats_wait_end(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 {
 	struct task_struct *p;
-	u64 delta = rq_clock(rq_of(cfs_rq)) - se->statistics.wait_start;
+	u64 delta;
+
+	delta = rq_clock(rq_of(cfs_rq)) - se->statistics.wait_start;
 
 	if (entity_is_task(se)) {
 		p = task_of(se);
@@ -776,22 +778,12 @@ update_stats_wait_end(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 	se->statistics.wait_sum += delta;
 	se->statistics.wait_start = 0;
 }
-#else
-static inline void
-update_stats_wait_start(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
-{
-}
-
-static inline void
-update_stats_wait_end(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
-{
-}
-#endif
 
 /*
  * Task is being enqueued - update stats:
  */
-static void update_stats_enqueue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
+static inline void
+update_stats_enqueue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 {
 	/*
 	 * Are we enqueueing a waiting task? (for current tasks
@@ -802,7 +794,7 @@ static void update_stats_enqueue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 }
 
 static inline void
-update_stats_dequeue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
+update_stats_dequeue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
 {
 	/*
 	 * Mark the end of the wait period if dequeueing a
@@ -810,7 +802,40 @@ update_stats_dequeue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 	 */
 	if (se != cfs_rq->curr)
 		update_stats_wait_end(cfs_rq, se);
+
+	if (flags & DEQUEUE_SLEEP) {
+		if (entity_is_task(se)) {
+			struct task_struct *tsk = task_of(se);
+
+			if (tsk->state & TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE)
+				se->statistics.sleep_start = rq_clock(rq_of(cfs_rq));
+			if (tsk->state & TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE)
+				se->statistics.block_start = rq_clock(rq_of(cfs_rq));
+		}
+	}
+
+}
+#else
+static inline void
+update_stats_wait_start(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void
+update_stats_wait_end(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void
+update_stats_enqueue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void
+update_stats_dequeue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
+{
 }
+#endif
 
 /*
  * We are picking a new current task - update its stats:
@@ -3102,6 +3127,26 @@ place_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int initial)
 
 static void check_enqueue_throttle(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq);
 
+static inline void check_schedstat_required(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
+	if (schedstat_enabled())
+		return;
+
+	/* Force schedstat enabled if a dependent tracepoint is active */
+	if (trace_sched_stat_wait_enabled()    ||
+			trace_sched_stat_sleep_enabled()   ||
+			trace_sched_stat_iowait_enabled()  ||
+			trace_sched_stat_blocked_enabled() ||
+			trace_sched_stat_runtime_enabled())  {
+		pr_warn_once("Scheduler tracepoints stat_sleep, stat_iowait, "
+			     "stat_blocked and stat_runtime require the "
+			     "kernel parameter schedstats=enabled or "
+			     "kernel.sched_schedstats=1\n");
+	}
+#endif
+}
+
 static void
 enqueue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
 {
@@ -3122,11 +3167,15 @@ enqueue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
 
 	if (flags & ENQUEUE_WAKEUP) {
 		place_entity(cfs_rq, se, 0);
-		enqueue_sleeper(cfs_rq, se);
+		if (schedstat_enabled())
+			enqueue_sleeper(cfs_rq, se);
 	}
 
-	update_stats_enqueue(cfs_rq, se);
-	check_spread(cfs_rq, se);
+	check_schedstat_required();
+	if (schedstat_enabled()) {
+		update_stats_enqueue(cfs_rq, se);
+		check_spread(cfs_rq, se);
+	}
 	if (se != cfs_rq->curr)
 		__enqueue_entity(cfs_rq, se);
 	se->on_rq = 1;
@@ -3193,19 +3242,8 @@ dequeue_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
 	update_curr(cfs_rq);
 	dequeue_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se);
 
-	update_stats_dequeue(cfs_rq, se);
-	if (flags & DEQUEUE_SLEEP) {
-#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
-		if (entity_is_task(se)) {
-			struct task_struct *tsk = task_of(se);
-
-			if (tsk->state & TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE)
-				se->statistics.sleep_start = rq_clock(rq_of(cfs_rq));
-			if (tsk->state & TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE)
-				se->statistics.block_start = rq_clock(rq_of(cfs_rq));
-		}
-#endif
-	}
+	if (schedstat_enabled())
+		update_stats_dequeue(cfs_rq, se, flags);
 
 	clear_buddies(cfs_rq, se);
 
@@ -3279,7 +3317,8 @@ set_next_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 		 * a CPU. So account for the time it spent waiting on the
 		 * runqueue.
 		 */
-		update_stats_wait_end(cfs_rq, se);
+		if (schedstat_enabled())
+			update_stats_wait_end(cfs_rq, se);
 		__dequeue_entity(cfs_rq, se);
 		update_load_avg(se, 1);
 	}
@@ -3292,7 +3331,7 @@ set_next_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
 	 * least twice that of our own weight (i.e. dont track it
 	 * when there are only lesser-weight tasks around):
 	 */
-	if (rq_of(cfs_rq)->load.weight >= 2*se->load.weight) {
+	if (schedstat_enabled() && rq_of(cfs_rq)->load.weight >= 2*se->load.weight) {
 		se->statistics.slice_max = max(se->statistics.slice_max,
 			se->sum_exec_runtime - se->prev_sum_exec_runtime);
 	}
@@ -3375,9 +3414,13 @@ static void put_prev_entity(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *prev)
 	/* throttle cfs_rqs exceeding runtime */
 	check_cfs_rq_runtime(cfs_rq);
 
-	check_spread(cfs_rq, prev);
+	if (schedstat_enabled()) {
+		check_spread(cfs_rq, prev);
+		if (prev->on_rq)
+			update_stats_wait_start(cfs_rq, prev);
+	}
+
 	if (prev->on_rq) {
-		update_stats_wait_start(cfs_rq, prev);
 		/* Put 'current' back into the tree. */
 		__enqueue_entity(cfs_rq, prev);
 		/* in !on_rq case, update occurred at dequeue */
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 10f16374df7f..1d583870e1a6 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -1022,6 +1022,7 @@ extern struct static_key sched_feat_keys[__SCHED_FEAT_NR];
 #endif /* SCHED_DEBUG && HAVE_JUMP_LABEL */
 
 extern struct static_key_false sched_numa_balancing;
+extern struct static_key_false sched_schedstats;
 
 static inline u64 global_rt_period(void)
 {
diff --git a/kernel/sched/stats.h b/kernel/sched/stats.h
index b0fbc7632de5..70b3b6a20fb0 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/stats.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/stats.h
@@ -29,9 +29,10 @@ rq_sched_info_dequeued(struct rq *rq, unsigned long long delta)
 	if (rq)
 		rq->rq_sched_info.run_delay += delta;
 }
-# define schedstat_inc(rq, field)	do { (rq)->field++; } while (0)
-# define schedstat_add(rq, field, amt)	do { (rq)->field += (amt); } while (0)
-# define schedstat_set(var, val)	do { var = (val); } while (0)
+# define schedstat_enabled()		static_branch_unlikely(&sched_schedstats)
+# define schedstat_inc(rq, field)	do { if (schedstat_enabled()) { (rq)->field++; } } while (0)
+# define schedstat_add(rq, field, amt)	do { if (schedstat_enabled()) { (rq)->field += (amt); } } while (0)
+# define schedstat_set(var, val)	do { if (schedstat_enabled()) { var = (val); } } while (0)
 #else /* !CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS */
 static inline void
 rq_sched_info_arrive(struct rq *rq, unsigned long long delta)
@@ -42,6 +43,7 @@ rq_sched_info_dequeued(struct rq *rq, unsigned long long delta)
 static inline void
 rq_sched_info_depart(struct rq *rq, unsigned long long delta)
 {}
+# define schedstat_enabled()		0
 # define schedstat_inc(rq, field)	do { } while (0)
 # define schedstat_add(rq, field, amt)	do { } while (0)
 # define schedstat_set(var, val)	do { } while (0)
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index 97715fd9e790..f5102fabef7f 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -350,6 +350,17 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
 		.mode		= 0644,
 		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
 	},
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS
+	{
+		.procname	= "sched_schedstats",
+		.data		= NULL,
+		.maxlen		= sizeof(unsigned int),
+		.mode		= 0644,
+		.proc_handler	= sysctl_schedstats,
+		.extra1		= &zero,
+		.extra2		= &one,
+	},
+#endif /* CONFIG_SCHEDSTATS */
 #endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
 	{
@@ -505,7 +516,7 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
 		.data		= &latencytop_enabled,
 		.maxlen		= sizeof(int),
 		.mode		= 0644,
-		.proc_handler	= proc_dointvec,
+		.proc_handler	= sysctl_latencytop,
 	},
 #endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD
-- 
2.6.4

             reply index

Thread overview: 3+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-02-05  9:08 Mel Gorman [this message]
2016-02-05  9:35 ` Ingo Molnar
2016-02-09 12:26 ` [tip:sched/core] sched/debug: Make schedstats a runtime tunable that is disabled by default tip-bot for Mel Gorman

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