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From: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net>
To: akpm@linux-foundation.org
Cc: manfred@colorfullife.com, bigeasy@linutronix.de,
	peterz@infradead.org, tglx@linutronix.de, dave@stgolabs.net,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de>
Subject: [PATCH 1/5] ipc/msg: Implement lockless pipelined wakeups
Date: Thu, 28 Jul 2016 16:33:35 -0700
Message-ID: <1469748819-19484-2-git-send-email-dave@stgolabs.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1469748819-19484-1-git-send-email-dave@stgolabs.net>

From: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>

This patch moves the wakeup_process() invocation so it is not done under
the ipc global lock by making use of a lockless wake_q. With this change,
the waiter is woken up once the message has been assigned and it does not
need to loop on SMP if the message points to NULL. In the signal case we
still need to check the pointer under the lock to verify the state.

This change should also avoid the introduction of preempt_disable() in
-RT which avoids a busy-loop which pools for the NULL -> !NULL
change if the waiter has a higher priority compared to the waker.

By making use of wake_qs, the logic of sysv msg queues is greatly
simplified (and very well suited as we can batch lockless wakeups),
particularly around the lockless receive algorithm.

This has been tested with Manred's pmsg-shared tool on a "AMD A10-7800
Radeon R7, 12 Compute Cores 4C+8G":

test             |   before   |   after    | diff
-----------------|------------|------------|----------
pmsg-shared 8 60 | 19,347,422 | 30,442,191 | + ~57.34 %
pmsg-shared 4 60 | 21,367,197 | 35,743,458 | + ~67.28 %
pmsg-shared 2 60 | 22,884,224 | 24,278,200 | +  ~6.09 %

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de>
---
 ipc/msg.c | 133 +++++++++++++++++++-------------------------------------------
 1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 93 deletions(-)

diff --git a/ipc/msg.c b/ipc/msg.c
index 1471db9a7e61..45ce6a3021be 100644
--- a/ipc/msg.c
+++ b/ipc/msg.c
@@ -51,13 +51,7 @@ struct msg_receiver {
 	long			r_msgtype;
 	long			r_maxsize;
 
-	/*
-	 * Mark r_msg volatile so that the compiler
-	 * does not try to get smart and optimize
-	 * it. We rely on this for the lockless
-	 * receive algorithm.
-	 */
-	struct msg_msg		*volatile r_msg;
+	struct msg_msg		*r_msg;
 };
 
 /* one msg_sender for each sleeping sender */
@@ -183,21 +177,14 @@ static void ss_wakeup(struct list_head *h, int kill)
 	}
 }
 
-static void expunge_all(struct msg_queue *msq, int res)
+static void expunge_all(struct msg_queue *msq, int res,
+			struct wake_q_head *wake_q)
 {
 	struct msg_receiver *msr, *t;
 
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(msr, t, &msq->q_receivers, r_list) {
-		msr->r_msg = NULL; /* initialize expunge ordering */
-		wake_up_process(msr->r_tsk);
-		/*
-		 * Ensure that the wakeup is visible before setting r_msg as
-		 * the receiving end depends on it: either spinning on a nil,
-		 * or dealing with -EAGAIN cases. See lockless receive part 1
-		 * and 2 in do_msgrcv().
-		 */
-		smp_wmb(); /* barrier (B) */
-		msr->r_msg = ERR_PTR(res);
+		wake_q_add(wake_q, msr->r_tsk);
+		WRITE_ONCE(msr->r_msg, ERR_PTR(res));
 	}
 }
 
@@ -213,11 +200,13 @@ static void freeque(struct ipc_namespace *ns, struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp)
 {
 	struct msg_msg *msg, *t;
 	struct msg_queue *msq = container_of(ipcp, struct msg_queue, q_perm);
+	WAKE_Q(wake_q);
 
-	expunge_all(msq, -EIDRM);
+	expunge_all(msq, -EIDRM, &wake_q);
 	ss_wakeup(&msq->q_senders, 1);
 	msg_rmid(ns, msq);
 	ipc_unlock_object(&msq->q_perm);
+	wake_up_q(&wake_q);
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(msg, t, &msq->q_messages, m_list) {
@@ -342,6 +331,7 @@ static int msgctl_down(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int msqid, int cmd,
 	struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp;
 	struct msqid64_ds uninitialized_var(msqid64);
 	struct msg_queue *msq;
+	WAKE_Q(wake_q);
 	int err;
 
 	if (cmd == IPC_SET) {
@@ -389,7 +379,7 @@ static int msgctl_down(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int msqid, int cmd,
 		/* sleeping receivers might be excluded by
 		 * stricter permissions.
 		 */
-		expunge_all(msq, -EAGAIN);
+		expunge_all(msq, -EAGAIN, &wake_q);
 		/* sleeping senders might be able to send
 		 * due to a larger queue size.
 		 */
@@ -402,6 +392,7 @@ static int msgctl_down(struct ipc_namespace *ns, int msqid, int cmd,
 
 out_unlock0:
 	ipc_unlock_object(&msq->q_perm);
+	wake_up_q(&wake_q);
 out_unlock1:
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 out_up:
@@ -566,7 +557,8 @@ static int testmsg(struct msg_msg *msg, long type, int mode)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static inline int pipelined_send(struct msg_queue *msq, struct msg_msg *msg)
+static inline int pipelined_send(struct msg_queue *msq, struct msg_msg *msg,
+				 struct wake_q_head *wake_q)
 {
 	struct msg_receiver *msr, *t;
 
@@ -577,27 +569,14 @@ static inline int pipelined_send(struct msg_queue *msq, struct msg_msg *msg)
 
 			list_del(&msr->r_list);
 			if (msr->r_maxsize < msg->m_ts) {
-				/* initialize pipelined send ordering */
-				msr->r_msg = NULL;
-				wake_up_process(msr->r_tsk);
-				/* barrier (B) see barrier comment below */
-				smp_wmb();
-				msr->r_msg = ERR_PTR(-E2BIG);
+				wake_q_add(wake_q, msr->r_tsk);
+				WRITE_ONCE(msr->r_msg, ERR_PTR(-E2BIG));
 			} else {
-				msr->r_msg = NULL;
 				msq->q_lrpid = task_pid_vnr(msr->r_tsk);
 				msq->q_rtime = get_seconds();
-				wake_up_process(msr->r_tsk);
-				/*
-				 * Ensure that the wakeup is visible before
-				 * setting r_msg, as the receiving can otherwise
-				 * exit - once r_msg is set, the receiver can
-				 * continue. See lockless receive part 1 and 2
-				 * in do_msgrcv(). Barrier (B).
-				 */
-				smp_wmb();
-				msr->r_msg = msg;
 
+				wake_q_add(wake_q, msr->r_tsk);
+				WRITE_ONCE(msr->r_msg, msg);
 				return 1;
 			}
 		}
@@ -613,6 +592,7 @@ long do_msgsnd(int msqid, long mtype, void __user *mtext,
 	struct msg_msg *msg;
 	int err;
 	struct ipc_namespace *ns;
+	WAKE_Q(wake_q);
 
 	ns = current->nsproxy->ipc_ns;
 
@@ -686,7 +666,6 @@ long do_msgsnd(int msqid, long mtype, void __user *mtext,
 			err = -EIDRM;
 			goto out_unlock0;
 		}
-
 		ss_del(&s);
 
 		if (signal_pending(current)) {
@@ -698,7 +677,7 @@ long do_msgsnd(int msqid, long mtype, void __user *mtext,
 	msq->q_lspid = task_tgid_vnr(current);
 	msq->q_stime = get_seconds();
 
-	if (!pipelined_send(msq, msg)) {
+	if (!pipelined_send(msq, msg, &wake_q)) {
 		/* no one is waiting for this message, enqueue it */
 		list_add_tail(&msg->m_list, &msq->q_messages);
 		msq->q_cbytes += msgsz;
@@ -712,6 +691,7 @@ long do_msgsnd(int msqid, long mtype, void __user *mtext,
 
 out_unlock0:
 	ipc_unlock_object(&msq->q_perm);
+	wake_up_q(&wake_q);
 out_unlock1:
 	rcu_read_unlock();
 	if (msg != NULL)
@@ -919,71 +899,38 @@ long do_msgrcv(int msqid, void __user *buf, size_t bufsz, long msgtyp, int msgfl
 		rcu_read_unlock();
 		schedule();
 
-		/* Lockless receive, part 1:
-		 * Disable preemption.  We don't hold a reference to the queue
-		 * and getting a reference would defeat the idea of a lockless
-		 * operation, thus the code relies on rcu to guarantee the
-		 * existence of msq:
+		/*
+		 * Lockless receive, part 1:
+		 * We don't hold a reference to the queue and getting a
+		 * reference would defeat the idea of a lockless operation,
+		 * thus the code relies on rcu to guarantee the existence of
+		 * msq:
 		 * Prior to destruction, expunge_all(-EIRDM) changes r_msg.
 		 * Thus if r_msg is -EAGAIN, then the queue not yet destroyed.
-		 * rcu_read_lock() prevents preemption between reading r_msg
-		 * and acquiring the q_perm.lock in ipc_lock_object().
 		 */
 		rcu_read_lock();
 
-		/* Lockless receive, part 2:
-		 * Wait until pipelined_send or expunge_all are outside of
-		 * wake_up_process(). There is a race with exit(), see
-		 * ipc/mqueue.c for the details. The correct serialization
-		 * ensures that a receiver cannot continue without the wakeup
-		 * being visibible _before_ setting r_msg:
-		 *
-		 * CPU 0                             CPU 1
-		 * <loop receiver>
-		 *   smp_rmb(); (A) <-- pair -.      <waker thread>
-		 *   <load ->r_msg>           |        msr->r_msg = NULL;
-		 *                            |        wake_up_process();
-		 * <continue>                 `------> smp_wmb(); (B)
-		 *                                     msr->r_msg = msg;
+		/*
+		 * Lockless receive, part 2:
+		 * The work in pipelined_send() and expunge_all():
+		 * - Set pointer to message
+		 * - Queue the receiver task for later wakeup
+		 * - Wake up the process after the lock is dropped.
 		 *
-		 * Where (A) orders the message value read and where (B) orders
-		 * the write to the r_msg -- done in both pipelined_send and
-		 * expunge_all.
-		 */
-		for (;;) {
-			/*
-			 * Pairs with writer barrier in pipelined_send
-			 * or expunge_all.
-			 */
-			smp_rmb(); /* barrier (A) */
-			msg = (struct msg_msg *)msr_d.r_msg;
-			if (msg)
-				break;
-
-			/*
-			 * The cpu_relax() call is a compiler barrier
-			 * which forces everything in this loop to be
-			 * re-loaded.
-			 */
-			cpu_relax();
-		}
-
-		/* Lockless receive, part 3:
-		 * If there is a message or an error then accept it without
-		 * locking.
+		 * Should the process wake up before this wakeup (due to a
+		 * signal) it will either see the message and continue ...
 		 */
+		msg = READ_ONCE(msr_d.r_msg);
 		if (msg != ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN))
 			goto out_unlock1;
 
-		/* Lockless receive, part 3:
-		 * Acquire the queue spinlock.
-		 */
+		 /*
+		  * ... or see -EAGAIN, acquire the lock to check the message
+		  * again.
+		  */
 		ipc_lock_object(&msq->q_perm);
 
-		/* Lockless receive, part 4:
-		 * Repeat test after acquiring the spinlock.
-		 */
-		msg = (struct msg_msg *)msr_d.r_msg;
+		msg = msr_d.r_msg;
 		if (msg != ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN))
 			goto out_unlock0;
 
-- 
2.6.6

  reply index

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-07-28 23:33 [PATCH 0/5] ipc/msg: Sender/receiver optimizations Davidlohr Bueso
2016-07-28 23:33 ` Davidlohr Bueso [this message]
2016-07-28 23:33 ` [PATCH 2/5] ipc/msg: Batch queue sender wakeups Davidlohr Bueso
2016-07-28 23:33 ` [PATCH 3/5] ipc/msg: Make ss_wakeup() kill arg boolean Davidlohr Bueso
2016-07-28 23:33 ` [PATCH 4/5] ipc/msg: Lockless security checks for msgsnd Davidlohr Bueso
2016-07-28 23:33 ` [PATCH 5/5] ipc/msg: Avoid waking sender upon full queue Davidlohr Bueso
2016-08-04 16:44 ` [PATCH 0/5] ipc/msg: Sender/receiver optimizations Peter Zijlstra
2016-08-09 12:44   ` Peter Zijlstra
2016-08-09 18:31     ` Andrew Morton

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