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From: Prateek Sood <prsood@codeaurora.org>
To: peterz@infradead.org, mingo@redhat.com
Cc: Prateek Sood <prsood@codeaurora.org>,
	sramana@codeaurora.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH] rwsem: fix missed wakeup due to reordering of load
Date: Thu, 27 Jul 2017 01:47:52 +0530
Message-ID: <1501100272-16338-1-git-send-email-prsood@codeaurora.org> (raw)

If a spinner is present, there is a chance that the load of
rwsem_has_spinner() in rwsem_wake() can be reordered with
respect to decrement of rwsem count in __up_write() leading
to wakeup being missed.

 spinning writer                  up_write caller
 ---------------                  -----------------------
 [S] osq_unlock()                 [L] osq
  spin_lock(wait_lock)
  sem->count=0xFFFFFFFF00000001
            +0xFFFFFFFF00000000
  count=sem->count
  MB
                                   sem->count=0xFFFFFFFE00000001
                                             -0xFFFFFFFF00000001
                                   spin_trylock(wait_lock)
                                   return
 rwsem_try_write_lock(count)
 spin_unlock(wait_lock)
 schedule()

Reordering of atomic_long_sub_return_release() in __up_write()
and rwsem_has_spinner() in rwsem_wake() can cause missing of
wakeup in up_write() context. In spinning writer, sem->count
and local variable count is 0XFFFFFFFE00000001. It would result
in rwsem_try_write_lock() failing to acquire rwsem and spinning
writer going to sleep in rwsem_down_write_failed().

The smp_rmb() will make sure that the spinner state is
consulted after sem->count is updated in up_write context.

Signed-off-by: Prateek Sood <prsood@codeaurora.org>
---
 kernel/locking/rwsem-xadd.c | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 34 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/locking/rwsem-xadd.c b/kernel/locking/rwsem-xadd.c
index 34e727f..21c111a 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/rwsem-xadd.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/rwsem-xadd.c
@@ -585,6 +585,40 @@ struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_wake(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
 	unsigned long flags;
 	DEFINE_WAKE_Q(wake_q);
 
+        /*
+         * If a spinner is present, there is a chance that the load of
+         * rwsem_has_spinner() in rwsem_wake() can be reordered with
+         * respect to decrement of rwsem count in __up_write() leading
+         * to wakeup being missed.
+         *
+         * spinning writer                  up_write caller
+         * ---------------                  -----------------------
+         * [S] osq_unlock()                 [L] osq
+         *  spin_lock(wait_lock)
+         *  sem->count=0xFFFFFFFF00000001
+         *            +0xFFFFFFFF00000000
+         *  count=sem->count
+         *  MB
+         *                                   sem->count=0xFFFFFFFE00000001
+         *                                             -0xFFFFFFFF00000001
+         *                                   spin_trylock(wait_lock)
+         *                                   return
+         * rwsem_try_write_lock(count)
+         * spin_unlock(wait_lock)
+         * schedule()
+         *
+         * Reordering of atomic_long_sub_return_release() in __up_write()
+         * and rwsem_has_spinner() in rwsem_wake() can cause missing of
+         * wakeup in up_write() context. In spinning writer, sem->count
+         * and local variable count is 0XFFFFFFFE00000001. It would result
+         * in rwsem_try_write_lock() failing to acquire rwsem and spinning
+         * writer going to sleep in rwsem_down_write_failed().
+         *
+         * The smp_rmb() here is to make sure that the spinner state is
+         * consulted after sem->count is updated in up_write context.
+         */
+        smp_rmb();
+
 	/*
 	 * If a spinner is present, it is not necessary to do the wakeup.
 	 * Try to do wakeup only if the trylock succeeds to minimize
-- 
Qualcomm India Private Limited, on behalf of Qualcomm Innovation Center, Inc., 
is a member of Code Aurora Forum, a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project.

             reply index

Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-07-26 20:17 Prateek Sood [this message]
2017-07-27 15:48 ` Waiman Long
2017-07-27 16:59   ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-08-10  8:32   ` Andrea Parri
2017-08-10 10:41     ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-08-10 10:44 ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-08-23 11:28 Prateek Sood
2017-08-24 11:29 ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-08-24 12:33   ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-08-24 12:52     ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-09-07 14:08       ` Prateek Sood
2017-09-07 14:30 Prateek Sood
2017-09-19 14:05 ` Andrea Parri
2017-09-20 14:52 ` Davidlohr Bueso
2017-09-20 21:17   ` Andrea Parri
2017-09-27 21:20     ` Davidlohr Bueso
2017-09-26 18:37 ` Prateek Sood

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