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From: Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com>
To: rostedt@goodmis.org, mingo@redhat.com, davem@davemloft.net,
	netdev@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	ast@kernel.org, kernel-team@fb.com, daniel@iogearbox.net,
	linux-btrfs@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com>
Subject: [PATCH v9 3/5] bpf: add a bpf_override_function helper
Date: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 11:36:48 -0500	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1513010210-30594-4-git-send-email-josef@toxicpanda.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1513010210-30594-1-git-send-email-josef@toxicpanda.com>

From: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com>

Error injection is sloppy and very ad-hoc.  BPF could fill this niche
perfectly with it's kprobe functionality.  We could make sure errors are
only triggered in specific call chains that we care about with very
specific situations.  Accomplish this with the bpf_override_funciton
helper.  This will modify the probe'd callers return value to the
specified value and set the PC to an override function that simply
returns, bypassing the originally probed function.  This gives us a nice
clean way to implement systematic error injection for all of our code
paths.

Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com>
---
 arch/Kconfig                     |  3 +++
 arch/x86/Kconfig                 |  1 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/kprobes.h   |  4 +++
 arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h    |  5 ++++
 arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/ftrace.c | 14 ++++++++++
 include/linux/filter.h           |  3 ++-
 include/linux/trace_events.h     |  1 +
 include/uapi/linux/bpf.h         |  7 ++++-
 kernel/bpf/core.c                |  3 +++
 kernel/bpf/verifier.c            |  2 ++
 kernel/events/core.c             |  7 +++++
 kernel/trace/Kconfig             | 11 ++++++++
 kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c         | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c      | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 kernel/trace/trace_probe.h       | 12 +++++++++
 15 files changed, 157 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 400b9e1b2f27..d3f4aaf9cb7a 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -196,6 +196,9 @@ config HAVE_OPTPROBES
 config HAVE_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE
 	bool
 
+config HAVE_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+	bool
+
 config HAVE_NMI
 	bool
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 8eed3f94bfc7..04d66e6fa447 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -154,6 +154,7 @@ config X86
 	select HAVE_KERNEL_XZ
 	select HAVE_KPROBES
 	select HAVE_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE
+	select HAVE_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
 	select HAVE_KRETPROBES
 	select HAVE_KVM
 	select HAVE_LIVEPATCH			if X86_64
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kprobes.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kprobes.h
index 9f2e3102e0bb..36abb23a7a35 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kprobes.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kprobes.h
@@ -67,6 +67,10 @@ extern const int kretprobe_blacklist_size;
 void arch_remove_kprobe(struct kprobe *p);
 asmlinkage void kretprobe_trampoline(void);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_KPROBES_ON_FTRACE
+extern void arch_ftrace_kprobe_override_function(struct pt_regs *regs);
+#endif
+
 /* Architecture specific copy of original instruction*/
 struct arch_specific_insn {
 	/* copy of the original instruction */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
index 14131dd06b29..6de1fd3d0097 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -109,6 +109,11 @@ static inline unsigned long regs_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs)
 	return regs->ax;
 }
 
+static inline void regs_set_return_value(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long rc)
+{
+	regs->ax = rc;
+}
+
 /*
  * user_mode(regs) determines whether a register set came from user
  * mode.  On x86_32, this is true if V8086 mode was enabled OR if the
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/ftrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/ftrace.c
index 8dc0161cec8f..1ea748d682fd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/ftrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes/ftrace.c
@@ -97,3 +97,17 @@ int arch_prepare_kprobe_ftrace(struct kprobe *p)
 	p->ainsn.boostable = false;
 	return 0;
 }
+
+asmlinkage void override_func(void);
+asm(
+	".type override_func, @function\n"
+	"override_func:\n"
+	"	ret\n"
+	".size override_func, .-override_func\n"
+);
+
+void arch_ftrace_kprobe_override_function(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	regs->ip = (unsigned long)&override_func;
+}
+NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(arch_ftrace_kprobe_override_function);
diff --git a/include/linux/filter.h b/include/linux/filter.h
index 0062302e1285..5feb441d3dd9 100644
--- a/include/linux/filter.h
+++ b/include/linux/filter.h
@@ -458,7 +458,8 @@ struct bpf_prog {
 				locked:1,	/* Program image locked? */
 				gpl_compatible:1, /* Is filter GPL compatible? */
 				cb_access:1,	/* Is control block accessed? */
-				dst_needed:1;	/* Do we need dst entry? */
+				dst_needed:1,	/* Do we need dst entry? */
+				kprobe_override:1; /* Do we override a kprobe? */
 	enum bpf_prog_type	type;		/* Type of BPF program */
 	u32			len;		/* Number of filter blocks */
 	u32			jited_len;	/* Size of jited insns in bytes */
diff --git a/include/linux/trace_events.h b/include/linux/trace_events.h
index af44e7c2d577..5fea451f6e28 100644
--- a/include/linux/trace_events.h
+++ b/include/linux/trace_events.h
@@ -528,6 +528,7 @@ do {									\
 struct perf_event;
 
 DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pt_regs, perf_trace_regs);
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(int, bpf_kprobe_override);
 
 extern int  perf_trace_init(struct perf_event *event);
 extern void perf_trace_destroy(struct perf_event *event);
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
index 80d62e88590c..595bda120cfb 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/bpf.h
@@ -677,6 +677,10 @@ union bpf_attr {
  *     @buf: buf to fill
  *     @buf_size: size of the buf
  *     Return : 0 on success or negative error code
+ *
+ * int bpf_override_return(pt_regs, rc)
+ *	@pt_regs: pointer to struct pt_regs
+ *	@rc: the return value to set
  */
 #define __BPF_FUNC_MAPPER(FN)		\
 	FN(unspec),			\
@@ -736,7 +740,8 @@ union bpf_attr {
 	FN(xdp_adjust_meta),		\
 	FN(perf_event_read_value),	\
 	FN(perf_prog_read_value),	\
-	FN(getsockopt),
+	FN(getsockopt),			\
+	FN(override_return),
 
 /* integer value in 'imm' field of BPF_CALL instruction selects which helper
  * function eBPF program intends to call
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/core.c b/kernel/bpf/core.c
index b9f8686a84cf..fc5a8ab4239a 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/core.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/core.c
@@ -1320,6 +1320,9 @@ EVAL4(PROG_NAME_LIST, 416, 448, 480, 512)
 bool bpf_prog_array_compatible(struct bpf_array *array,
 			       const struct bpf_prog *fp)
 {
+	if (fp->kprobe_override)
+		return false;
+
 	if (!array->owner_prog_type) {
 		/* There's no owner yet where we could check for
 		 * compatibility.
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 7afa92e9b409..e807bda7fe29 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -4413,6 +4413,8 @@ static int fixup_bpf_calls(struct bpf_verifier_env *env)
 			prog->dst_needed = 1;
 		if (insn->imm == BPF_FUNC_get_prandom_u32)
 			bpf_user_rnd_init_once();
+		if (insn->imm == BPF_FUNC_override_return)
+			prog->kprobe_override = 1;
 		if (insn->imm == BPF_FUNC_tail_call) {
 			/* If we tail call into other programs, we
 			 * cannot make any assumptions since they can
diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index 16beab4767e1..6e3862bbe9c2 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -8077,6 +8077,13 @@ static int perf_event_set_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event, u32 prog_fd)
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
+	/* Kprobe override only works for kprobes, not uprobes. */
+	if (prog->kprobe_override &&
+	    !(event->tp_event->flags & TRACE_EVENT_FL_KPROBE)) {
+		bpf_prog_put(prog);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
 	if (is_tracepoint || is_syscall_tp) {
 		int off = trace_event_get_offsets(event->tp_event);
 
diff --git a/kernel/trace/Kconfig b/kernel/trace/Kconfig
index af7dad126c13..3e6fd580fe7f 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/Kconfig
+++ b/kernel/trace/Kconfig
@@ -529,6 +529,17 @@ config FUNCTION_PROFILER
 
 	  If in doubt, say N.
 
+config BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+	bool "Enable BPF programs to override a kprobed function"
+	depends on BPF_EVENTS
+	depends on KPROBES_ON_FTRACE
+	depends on HAVE_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+	depends on DYNAMIC_FTRACE_WITH_REGS
+	default n
+	help
+	 Allows BPF to override the execution of a probed function and
+	 set a different return value.  This is used for error injection.
+
 config FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD
 	def_bool y
 	depends on DYNAMIC_FTRACE
diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
index 27d1f4ffa3de..e4bfdbc5a905 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
@@ -13,6 +13,10 @@
 #include <linux/filter.h>
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
 #include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <asm/kprobes.h>
+
+#include "trace_probe.h"
 #include "trace.h"
 
 u64 bpf_get_stackid(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5);
@@ -76,6 +80,29 @@ unsigned int trace_call_bpf(struct trace_event_call *call, void *ctx)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(trace_call_bpf);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+BPF_CALL_2(bpf_override_return, struct pt_regs *, regs, unsigned long, rc)
+{
+	__this_cpu_write(bpf_kprobe_override, 1);
+	regs_set_return_value(regs, rc);
+	arch_ftrace_kprobe_override_function(regs);
+	return 0;
+}
+#else
+BPF_CALL_2(bpf_override_return, struct pt_regs *, regs, unsigned long, rc)
+{
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+#endif
+
+static const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_override_return_proto = {
+	.func		= bpf_override_return,
+	.gpl_only	= true,
+	.ret_type	= RET_INTEGER,
+	.arg1_type	= ARG_PTR_TO_CTX,
+	.arg2_type	= ARG_ANYTHING,
+};
+
 BPF_CALL_3(bpf_probe_read, void *, dst, u32, size, const void *, unsafe_ptr)
 {
 	int ret;
@@ -551,6 +578,8 @@ static const struct bpf_func_proto *kprobe_prog_func_proto(enum bpf_func_id func
 		return &bpf_get_stackid_proto;
 	case BPF_FUNC_perf_event_read_value:
 		return &bpf_perf_event_read_value_proto;
+	case BPF_FUNC_override_return:
+		return &bpf_override_return_proto;
 	default:
 		return tracing_func_proto(func_id);
 	}
@@ -766,6 +795,15 @@ int perf_event_attach_bpf_prog(struct perf_event *event,
 	struct bpf_prog_array *new_array;
 	int ret = -EEXIST;
 
+	/*
+	 * Kprobe override only works for ftrace based kprobes, and only if they
+	 * are on the opt-in list.
+	 */
+	if (prog->kprobe_override &&
+	    (!trace_kprobe_ftrace(event->tp_event) ||
+	     !trace_kprobe_error_injectable(event->tp_event)))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
 	mutex_lock(&bpf_event_mutex);
 
 	if (event->prog)
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
index 492700c5fb4d..5db849809a56 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@ struct trace_kprobe {
 	(offsetof(struct trace_kprobe, tp.args) +	\
 	(sizeof(struct probe_arg) * (n)))
 
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, bpf_kprobe_override);
 
 static nokprobe_inline bool trace_kprobe_is_return(struct trace_kprobe *tk)
 {
@@ -87,6 +88,27 @@ static nokprobe_inline unsigned long trace_kprobe_nhit(struct trace_kprobe *tk)
 	return nhit;
 }
 
+int trace_kprobe_ftrace(struct trace_event_call *call)
+{
+	struct trace_kprobe *tk = (struct trace_kprobe *)call->data;
+	return kprobe_ftrace(&tk->rp.kp);
+}
+
+int trace_kprobe_error_injectable(struct trace_event_call *call)
+{
+	struct trace_kprobe *tk = (struct trace_kprobe *)call->data;
+	unsigned long addr;
+
+	if (tk->symbol) {
+		addr = (unsigned long)
+			kallsyms_lookup_name(trace_kprobe_symbol(tk));
+		addr += tk->rp.kp.offset;
+	} else {
+		addr = (unsigned long)tk->rp.kp.addr;
+	}
+	return within_kprobe_error_injection_list(addr);
+}
+
 static int register_kprobe_event(struct trace_kprobe *tk);
 static int unregister_kprobe_event(struct trace_kprobe *tk);
 
@@ -1170,7 +1192,7 @@ static int kretprobe_event_define_fields(struct trace_event_call *event_call)
 #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS
 
 /* Kprobe profile handler */
-static void
+static int
 kprobe_perf_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	struct trace_event_call *call = &tk->tp.call;
@@ -1179,12 +1201,29 @@ kprobe_perf_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct pt_regs *regs)
 	int size, __size, dsize;
 	int rctx;
 
-	if (bpf_prog_array_valid(call) && !trace_call_bpf(call, regs))
-		return;
+	if (bpf_prog_array_valid(call)) {
+		int ret;
+
+		ret = trace_call_bpf(call, regs);
+
+		/*
+		 * We need to check and see if we modified the pc of the
+		 * pt_regs, and if so clear the kprobe and return 1 so that we
+		 * don't do the instruction skipping.  Also reset our state so
+		 * we are clean the next pass through.
+		 */
+		if (__this_cpu_read(bpf_kprobe_override)) {
+			__this_cpu_write(bpf_kprobe_override, 0);
+			reset_current_kprobe();
+			return 1;
+		}
+		if (!ret)
+			return 0;
+	}
 
 	head = this_cpu_ptr(call->perf_events);
 	if (hlist_empty(head))
-		return;
+		return 0;
 
 	dsize = __get_data_size(&tk->tp, regs);
 	__size = sizeof(*entry) + tk->tp.size + dsize;
@@ -1193,13 +1232,14 @@ kprobe_perf_func(struct trace_kprobe *tk, struct pt_regs *regs)
 
 	entry = perf_trace_buf_alloc(size, NULL, &rctx);
 	if (!entry)
-		return;
+		return 0;
 
 	entry->ip = (unsigned long)tk->rp.kp.addr;
 	memset(&entry[1], 0, dsize);
 	store_trace_args(sizeof(*entry), &tk->tp, regs, (u8 *)&entry[1], dsize);
 	perf_trace_buf_submit(entry, size, rctx, call->event.type, 1, regs,
 			      head, NULL);
+	return 0;
 }
 NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_perf_func);
 
@@ -1275,6 +1315,7 @@ static int kprobe_register(struct trace_event_call *event,
 static int kprobe_dispatcher(struct kprobe *kp, struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	struct trace_kprobe *tk = container_of(kp, struct trace_kprobe, rp.kp);
+	int ret = 0;
 
 	raw_cpu_inc(*tk->nhit);
 
@@ -1282,9 +1323,9 @@ static int kprobe_dispatcher(struct kprobe *kp, struct pt_regs *regs)
 		kprobe_trace_func(tk, regs);
 #ifdef CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS
 	if (tk->tp.flags & TP_FLAG_PROFILE)
-		kprobe_perf_func(tk, regs);
+		ret = kprobe_perf_func(tk, regs);
 #endif
-	return 0;	/* We don't tweek kernel, so just return 0 */
+	return ret;
 }
 NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(kprobe_dispatcher);
 
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
index fb66e3eaa192..5e54d748c84c 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
@@ -252,6 +252,8 @@ struct symbol_cache;
 unsigned long update_symbol_cache(struct symbol_cache *sc);
 void free_symbol_cache(struct symbol_cache *sc);
 struct symbol_cache *alloc_symbol_cache(const char *sym, long offset);
+int trace_kprobe_ftrace(struct trace_event_call *call);
+int trace_kprobe_error_injectable(struct trace_event_call *call);
 #else
 /* uprobes do not support symbol fetch methods */
 #define fetch_symbol_u8			NULL
@@ -277,6 +279,16 @@ alloc_symbol_cache(const char *sym, long offset)
 {
 	return NULL;
 }
+
+static inline int trace_kprobe_ftrace(struct trace_event_call *call)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int trace_kprobe_error_injectable(struct trace_event_call *call)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
 #endif /* CONFIG_KPROBE_EVENTS */
 
 struct probe_arg {
-- 
2.7.5

  parent reply	other threads:[~2017-12-11 16:37 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-12-11 16:36 [PATCH v9 0/5] Add the ability to do BPF directed error injection Josef Bacik
2017-12-11 16:36 ` [PATCH v9 1/5] add infrastructure for tagging functions as error injectable Josef Bacik
2017-12-11 16:36 ` [PATCH v9 2/5] btrfs: make open_ctree " Josef Bacik
2017-12-11 16:36 ` Josef Bacik [this message]
2017-12-11 16:36 ` [PATCH v9 4/5] samples/bpf: add a test for bpf_override_return Josef Bacik
2017-12-11 16:36 ` [PATCH v9 5/5] btrfs: allow us to inject errors at io_ctl_init Josef Bacik
2017-12-12 17:37 ` [PATCH v9 0/5] Add the ability to do BPF directed error injection Alexei Starovoitov
2017-12-12 23:11 ` Darrick J. Wong
2017-12-13 18:03   ` Josef Bacik
2017-12-13 18:07     ` Darrick J. Wong
2017-12-13 18:57       ` Josef Bacik
2017-12-14  6:46         ` Masami Hiramatsu

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