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From: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
To: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	"H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Markus T Metzger <markus.t.metzger@intel.com>,
	"Ravi V . Shankar" <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com>,
	"Chang S . Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH V2 00/15] x86: Enable FSGSBASE instructions
Date: Thu, 31 May 2018 10:58:30 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1527789525-8857-1-git-send-email-chang.seok.bae@intel.com> (raw)

FSGSBASE is 64-bit instruction set to allow read/write
FS/GS base from any privilege. As introduced from
Ivybridge, enabling effort has been revolving quite long
[2,3,4] for various reasons. After extended discussions [1],
this patchset is proposed to introduce new ABIs of
customizing FS/GS base (separate from its selector).

FSGSBASE-enabled VM can be located on hosts with
either HW virtualization or SW emulation. KVM advertises
FSGSBASE when physical CPU has and emulation is
supported in QEMU/TCG [5]. In a pool of mixed systems, VMM
may disable FSGSBASE for seamless VM migrations [6].

A couple of major benefits are expected. Kernel will have
performance improvement in context switch by skipping MSR
write for GS base. User-level programs (such as JAVA-based)
benefit from avoiding system calls to edit FS/GS base.

Changes when FSGSBASE enabled:
(1) In context switch, a thread's FS/GS base is secured
regardless of its selector base on the discussion [1].
(2) (Subsequently) ptracer should expect divergence of FS/GS
index and base values. There was controveral debate on
the concerns with backward incompatibility with that.
(Cases for GDB than other toolchains [7,8]) Current
patchset as baseline version does not contain support
for the backward compatibility
(3) On paranoid entry, GS base is updated to per_CPU base
and the original base is restored at the exit

Updates from V1 [9]:
* (3), instead of comparing current and kernel GS bases
* (2); does not include ptracer backward compatibility
patches.
* With (3), CPU number is stored as early as possible
(before hitting IST stack) than at vDSO initialization.
* Include FSGSBASE documentation and enumerating capability
for user space
* Add TAINT_INSECURE flag and vDSO cleanup for the (CPU
number) initialization

[1] Recent discussion on LKML:
https://marc.info/?t=150147053700001&r=1&w=2
[2] Andy Lutomirski’s rebase work :
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/luto/linux.git/log/?h=x86/fsgsbase
[3] Patch set shown in year 2016:
https://marc.info/?t=145857711900001&r=1&w=2
[4] First patch set: https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/4/10/573
[5] QEMU with FSGSBASE emulation:
https://github.com/qemu/qemu/blob/026aaf47c02b79036feb830206cfebb2a726510d/target/i386/translate.c#L8186
[6] 5-level EPT:
http://lkml.kernel.org/r/9ddf602b-6c8b-8c1e-ab46-07ed12366593@redhat.com
[7] RR/FSGSBASE:
https://mail.mozilla.org/pipermail/rr-dev/2018-March/000616.html
[8] CRIU/FSGSBASE:
https://lists.openvz.org/pipermail/criu/2018-March/040654.html
[9] V1:
https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/3/19/1699

Andi Kleen (3):
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Add intrinsics/macros for FSGSBASE instructions
  x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Add documentation for FSGSBASE

Andy Lutomirski (4):
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Make ptrace read FS/GS base accurately
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Add 'unsafe_fsgsbase' to enable CR4.FSGSBASE
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Preserve FS/GS state in __switch_to if FSGSBASE is on
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE by default and add a chicken bit

Chang S. Bae (8):
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Introduce FS/GS base helper functions
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Use FS/GS base helpers in core dump
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Factor out load FS/GS segments from __switch_to
  x86/vdso: Move out the CPU number store
  taint: Add taint for insecure
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE instructions in helper functions
  x86/fsgsbase/64: When copying a thread, use FSGSBASE if enabled
  x86/fsgsbase/64: Use per-CPU base as GS base on paranoid_entry

 Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt |   2 +
 Documentation/sysctl/kernel.txt                 |   1 +
 Documentation/x86/entry_64.txt                  |   9 +
 Documentation/x86/fsgs.txt                      | 104 +++++++++
 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S                       |  74 +++++--
 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vgetcpu.c                   |   2 +-
 arch/x86/entry/vdso/vma.c                       |  38 +---
 arch/x86/include/asm/elf.h                      |   6 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/fsgsbase.h                 | 171 +++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/include/asm/inst.h                     |  15 ++
 arch/x86/include/asm/segment.h                  |   4 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/vgtod.h                    |   2 -
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h              |   3 +
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c                    |  39 ++++
 arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c                    | 274 ++++++++++++++++++++----
 arch/x86/kernel/ptrace.c                        |  28 +--
 arch/x86/kernel/setup_percpu.c                  |  30 ++-
 include/linux/kernel.h                          |   3 +-
 kernel/panic.c                                  |   1 +
 19 files changed, 681 insertions(+), 125 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/x86/fsgs.txt
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/fsgsbase.h

-- 
2.7.4

             reply	other threads:[~2018-05-31 17:58 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 31+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-05-31 17:58 Chang S. Bae [this message]
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 01/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Introduce FS/GS base helper functions Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:14   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 21:03     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 02/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Make ptrace read FS/GS base accurately Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:14   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 20:31     ` hpa
2018-05-31 20:38       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 03/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Use FS/GS base helpers in core dump Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:15   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 21:03     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 04/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Factor out load FS/GS segments from __switch_to Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:16   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 05/15] x86/vdso: Move out the CPU number store Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:25   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 21:06     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-06-05  7:02   ` [lkp-robot] [x86/vdso] f52001961d: BUG:kernel_hang_in_early-boot_stage,last_printk:Probing_EDD(edd=off_to_disable)...ok kernel test robot
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 06/15] taint: Add taint for insecure Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:25   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 20:50     ` hpa
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 07/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add 'unsafe_fsgsbase' to enable CR4.FSGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 08/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add intrinsics/macros for FSGSBASE instructions Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 09/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE instructions in helper functions Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 10/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Preserve FS/GS state in __switch_to if FSGSBASE is on Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 11/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: When copying a thread, use FSGSBASE if enabled Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 12/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Use per-CPU base as GS base on paranoid_entry Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 13/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE by default and add a chicken bit Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 14/15] x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2 Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 15/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add documentation for FSGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:37 ` [PATCH V2 00/15] x86: Enable FSGSBASE instructions Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 21:11   ` Bae, Chang Seok

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