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From: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
To: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	"H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>,
	Markus T Metzger <markus.t.metzger@intel.com>,
	"Ravi V . Shankar" <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com>,
	"Chang S . Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH V2 14/15] x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2
Date: Thu, 31 May 2018 10:58:44 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1527789525-8857-15-git-send-email-chang.seok.bae@intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1527789525-8857-1-git-send-email-chang.seok.bae@intel.com>

From: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>

The kernel needs to explicitly enable FSGSBASE. So, the application
needs to know if it can safely use these instructions. Just looking
at the CPUID bit is not enough because it may be running in a kernel
that does not enable the instructions.

One way for the application would be to just try and catch the SIGILL.
But that is difficult to do in libraries which may not want
to overwrite the signal handlers of the main application.

So we need to provide a way for the application to discover the kernel
capability.

I used AT_HWCAP2 in the ELF aux vector which is already used by
PPC for similar things. We define a new Linux defined bitmap
returned in AT_HWCAP.  Next to MONITOR/MWAIT, bit 1 is reserved for
FSGSBASE capability checks.

The application can then access it manually or using
the getauxval() function in newer glibc.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
[chang: Rebase and edit the patch note accordingly]
Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h | 3 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c       | 4 +++-
 2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
index 6ebaae9..c5ce54e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
@@ -5,4 +5,7 @@
 /* MONITOR/MWAIT enabled in Ring 3 */
 #define HWCAP2_RING3MWAIT		(1 << 0)
 
+/* Kernel allows FSGSBASE instructions available in Ring 3 */
+#define HWCAP2_FSGSBASE			BIT(1)
+
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 0339bb3..5e6b46c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1303,8 +1303,10 @@ static void identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 	setup_umip(c);
 
 	/* Enable FSGSBASE instructions if available. */
-	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE))
+	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE)) {
 		cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_FSGSBASE);
+		elf_hwcap2 |= HWCAP2_FSGSBASE;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * The vendor-specific functions might have changed features.
-- 
2.7.4

  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-05-31 17:59 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 31+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-05-31 17:58 [PATCH V2 00/15] x86: Enable FSGSBASE instructions Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 01/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Introduce FS/GS base helper functions Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:14   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 21:03     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 02/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Make ptrace read FS/GS base accurately Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:14   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 20:31     ` hpa
2018-05-31 20:38       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 03/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Use FS/GS base helpers in core dump Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:15   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 21:03     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 04/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Factor out load FS/GS segments from __switch_to Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:16   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 05/15] x86/vdso: Move out the CPU number store Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:25   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 21:06     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2018-06-05  7:02   ` [lkp-robot] [x86/vdso] f52001961d: BUG:kernel_hang_in_early-boot_stage,last_printk:Probing_EDD(edd=off_to_disable)...ok kernel test robot
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 06/15] taint: Add taint for insecure Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:25   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 20:50     ` hpa
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 07/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add 'unsafe_fsgsbase' to enable CR4.FSGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 08/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add intrinsics/macros for FSGSBASE instructions Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 09/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE instructions in helper functions Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 10/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Preserve FS/GS state in __switch_to if FSGSBASE is on Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 11/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: When copying a thread, use FSGSBASE if enabled Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 12/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Use per-CPU base as GS base on paranoid_entry Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 13/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE by default and add a chicken bit Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 17:58 ` Chang S. Bae [this message]
2018-05-31 17:58 ` [PATCH V2 15/15] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add documentation for FSGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2018-05-31 20:37 ` [PATCH V2 00/15] x86: Enable FSGSBASE instructions Andy Lutomirski
2018-05-31 21:11   ` Bae, Chang Seok

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