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From: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
To: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>, "H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>,
	Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>,
	Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>, Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>,
	Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>,
	Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>,
	David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>,
	Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>,
	Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>,
	Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>,
	aliguori@amazon.com, daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at,
	hughd@google.com, keescook@google.com,
	Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>,
	Waiman Long <llong@redhat.com>, Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz>,
	"David H . Gutteridge" <dhgutteridge@sympatico.ca>,
	jroedel@suse.de, joro@8bytes.org
Subject: [PATCH 10/39] x86/entry/32: Handle Entry from Kernel-Mode on Entry-Stack
Date: Wed, 11 Jul 2018 13:29:17 +0200
Message-ID: <1531308586-29340-11-git-send-email-joro@8bytes.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1531308586-29340-1-git-send-email-joro@8bytes.org>

From: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>

It can happen that we enter the kernel from kernel-mode and
on the entry-stack. The most common way this happens is when
we get an exception while loading the user-space segment
registers on the kernel-to-userspace exit path.

The segment loading needs to be done after the entry-stack
switch, because the stack-switch needs kernel %fs for
per_cpu access.

When this happens, we need to make sure that we leave the
kernel with the entry-stack again, so that the interrupted
code-path runs on the right stack when switching to the
user-cr3.

We do this by detecting this condition on kernel-entry by
checking CS.RPL and %esp, and if it happens, we copy over
the complete content of the entry stack to the task-stack.
This needs to be done because once we enter the exception
handlers we might be scheduled out or even migrated to a
different CPU, so that we can't rely on the entry-stack
contents. We also leave a marker in the stack-frame to
detect this condition on the exit path.

On the exit path the copy is reversed, we copy all of the
remaining task-stack back to the entry-stack and switch
to it.

Signed-off-by: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@suse.de>
---
 arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S | 116 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 115 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S b/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
index 3d1a114..b3af76e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/entry_32.S
@@ -299,6 +299,9 @@
  * copied there. So allocate the stack-frame on the task-stack and
  * switch to it before we do any copying.
  */
+
+#define CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK	(1 << 31)
+
 .macro SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK
 
 	ALTERNATIVE     "", "jmp .Lend_\@", X86_FEATURE_XENPV
@@ -320,6 +323,16 @@
 	/* Load top of task-stack into %edi */
 	movl	TSS_entry_stack(%edi), %edi
 
+	/*
+	 * Clear upper bits of the CS slot in pt_regs in case hardware
+	 * didn't clear it for us
+	 */
+	andl	$(0x0000ffff), PT_CS(%esp)
+
+	/* Special case - entry from kernel mode via entry stack */
+	testl	$SEGMENT_RPL_MASK, PT_CS(%esp)
+	jz	.Lentry_from_kernel_\@
+
 	/* Bytes to copy */
 	movl	$PTREGS_SIZE, %ecx
 
@@ -333,8 +346,8 @@
 	 */
 	addl	$(4 * 4), %ecx
 
-.Lcopy_pt_regs_\@:
 #endif
+.Lcopy_pt_regs_\@:
 
 	/* Allocate frame on task-stack */
 	subl	%ecx, %edi
@@ -350,6 +363,56 @@
 	cld
 	rep movsl
 
+	jmp .Lend_\@
+
+.Lentry_from_kernel_\@:
+
+	/*
+	 * This handles the case when we enter the kernel from
+	 * kernel-mode and %esp points to the entry-stack. When this
+	 * happens we need to switch to the task-stack to run C code,
+	 * but switch back to the entry-stack again when we approach
+	 * iret and return to the interrupted code-path. This usually
+	 * happens when we hit an exception while restoring user-space
+	 * segment registers on the way back to user-space.
+	 *
+	 * When we switch to the task-stack here, we can't trust the
+	 * contents of the entry-stack anymore, as the exception handler
+	 * might be scheduled out or moved to another CPU. Therefore we
+	 * copy the complete entry-stack to the task-stack and set a
+	 * marker in the iret-frame (bit 31 of the CS dword) to detect
+	 * what we've done on the iret path.
+	 *
+	 * On the iret path we copy everything back and switch to the
+	 * entry-stack, so that the interrupted kernel code-path
+	 * continues on the same stack it was interrupted with.
+	 *
+	 * Be aware that an NMI can happen anytime in this code.
+	 *
+	 * %esi: Entry-Stack pointer (same as %esp)
+	 * %edi: Top of the task stack
+	 */
+
+	/* Calculate number of bytes on the entry stack in %ecx */
+	movl	%esi, %ecx
+
+	/* %ecx to the top of entry-stack */
+	andl	$(MASK_entry_stack), %ecx
+	addl	$(SIZEOF_entry_stack), %ecx
+
+	/* Number of bytes on the entry stack to %ecx */
+	sub	%esi, %ecx
+
+	/* Mark stackframe as coming from entry stack */
+	orl	$CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK, PT_CS(%esp)
+
+	/*
+	 * %esi and %edi are unchanged, %ecx contains the number of
+	 * bytes to copy. The code at .Lcopy_pt_regs_\@ will allocate
+	 * the stack-frame on task-stack and copy everything over
+	 */
+	jmp .Lcopy_pt_regs_\@
+
 .Lend_\@:
 .endm
 
@@ -408,6 +471,56 @@
 .endm
 
 /*
+ * This macro handles the case when we return to kernel-mode on the iret
+ * path and have to switch back to the entry stack.
+ *
+ * See the comments below the .Lentry_from_kernel_\@ label in the
+ * SWITCH_TO_KERNEL_STACK macro for more details.
+ */
+.macro PARANOID_EXIT_TO_KERNEL_MODE
+
+	/*
+	 * Test if we entered the kernel with the entry-stack. Most
+	 * likely we did not, because this code only runs on the
+	 * return-to-kernel path.
+	 */
+	testl	$CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK, PT_CS(%esp)
+	jz	.Lend_\@
+
+	/* Unlikely slow-path */
+
+	/* Clear marker from stack-frame */
+	andl	$(~CS_FROM_ENTRY_STACK), PT_CS(%esp)
+
+	/* Copy the remaining task-stack contents to entry-stack */
+	movl	%esp, %esi
+	movl	PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_tss_rw + TSS_sp0), %edi
+
+	/* Bytes on the task-stack to ecx */
+	movl	PER_CPU_VAR(cpu_current_top_of_stack), %ecx
+	subl	%esi, %ecx
+
+	/* Allocate stack-frame on entry-stack */
+	subl	%ecx, %edi
+
+	/*
+	 * Save future stack-pointer, we must not switch until the
+	 * copy is done, otherwise the NMI handler could destroy the
+	 * contents of the task-stack we are about to copy.
+	 */
+	movl	%edi, %ebx
+
+	/* Do the copy */
+	shrl	$2, %ecx
+	cld
+	rep movsl
+
+	/* Safe to switch to entry-stack now */
+	movl	%ebx, %esp
+
+.Lend_\@:
+.endm
+/*
  * %eax: prev task
  * %edx: next task
  */
@@ -769,6 +882,7 @@ restore_all:
 
 restore_all_kernel:
 	TRACE_IRQS_IRET
+	PARANOID_EXIT_TO_KERNEL_MODE
 	RESTORE_REGS 4
 	jmp	.Lirq_return
 
-- 
2.7.4


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 82+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-07-11 11:29 [PATCH 00/39 v7] PTI support for x86-32 Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 01/39] x86/asm-offsets: Move TSS_sp0 and TSS_sp1 to asm-offsets.c Joerg Roedel
2018-07-12 20:44   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 02/39] x86/entry/32: Rename TSS_sysenter_sp0 to TSS_entry_stack Joerg Roedel
2018-07-12 20:44   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 03/39] x86/entry/32: Load task stack from x86_tss.sp1 in SYSENTER handler Joerg Roedel
2018-07-12 20:49   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-13  9:48     ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 17:19       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-13 23:17         ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-17  7:05           ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-17 20:04             ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 04/39] x86/entry/32: Put ESPFIX code into a macro Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 05/39] x86/entry/32: Unshare NMI return path Joerg Roedel
2018-07-12 20:53   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-13 10:05     ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 17:26       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 06/39] x86/entry/32: Split off return-to-kernel path Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 07/39] x86/entry/32: Enter the kernel via trampoline stack Joerg Roedel
2018-07-12 21:09   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-13 10:56     ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 17:21       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-17  7:07         ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 08/39] x86/entry/32: Leave " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 09/39] x86/entry/32: Introduce SAVE_ALL_NMI and RESTORE_ALL_NMI Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` Joerg Roedel [this message]
2018-07-13 23:31   ` [PATCH 10/39] x86/entry/32: Handle Entry from Kernel-Mode on Entry-Stack Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-14  5:21     ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-14  6:26       ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-14  8:01         ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-14 14:36           ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-17  7:15             ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-17 20:06               ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-18 11:59                 ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 11/39] x86/entry/32: Simplify debug entry point Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 12/39] x86/32: Use tss.sp1 as cpu_current_top_of_stack Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 13/39] x86/entry/32: Add PTI cr3 switch to non-NMI entry/exit points Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 14/39] x86/entry/32: Add PTI cr3 switches to NMI handler code Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 15/39] x86/pgtable: Rename pti_set_user_pgd to pti_set_user_pgtbl Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 16/39] x86/pgtable/pae: Unshare kernel PMDs when PTI is enabled Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 17/39] x86/pgtable/32: Allocate 8k page-tables " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 18/39] x86/pgtable: Move pgdp kernel/user conversion functions to pgtable.h Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 19/39] x86/pgtable: Move pti_set_user_pgtbl() " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 20/39] x86/pgtable: Move two more functions from pgtable_64.h " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 21/39] x86/mm/pae: Populate valid user PGD entries Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 22/39] x86/mm/pae: Populate the user page-table with user pgd's Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 23/39] x86/mm/legacy: " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 24/39] x86/mm/pti: Add an overflow check to pti_clone_pmds() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 25/39] x86/mm/pti: Define X86_CR3_PTI_PCID_USER_BIT on x86_32 Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 26/39] x86/mm/pti: Clone CPU_ENTRY_AREA on PMD level " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 27/39] x86/mm/pti: Make pti_clone_kernel_text() compile on 32 bit Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 28/39] x86/mm/pti: Keep permissions when cloning kernel text in pti_clone_kernel_text() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 23:25   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 29/39] x86/mm/pti: Introduce pti_finalize() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 30/39] x86/mm/pti: Clone entry-text again in pti_finalize() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 23:21   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-14  5:04     ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 31/39] x86/mm/dump_pagetables: Define INIT_PGD Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 32/39] x86/pgtable/pae: Use separate kernel PMDs for user page-table Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 33/39] x86/ldt: Reserve address-space range on 32 bit for the LDT Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 34/39] x86/ldt: Define LDT_END_ADDR Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 17:29   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 35/39] x86/ldt: Split out sanity check in map_ldt_struct() Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 23:18   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 36/39] x86/ldt: Enable LDT user-mapping for PAE Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 37/39] x86/pti: Allow CONFIG_PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION for x86_32 Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 38/39] x86/mm/pti: Add Warning when booting on a PCID capable CPU Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 18:59   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-14  5:08     ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 11:29 ` [PATCH 39/39] x86/entry/32: Add debug code to check entry/exit cr3 Joerg Roedel
2018-07-13 17:28   ` Andy Lutomirski
2018-07-14  5:09     ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-11 16:28 ` [PATCH 00/39 v7] PTI support for x86-32 Linus Torvalds
2018-07-11 17:28   ` Jiri Kosina
2018-07-11 19:57     ` Thomas Backlund
2018-07-12 13:59       ` Boris Ostrovsky
2018-07-11 21:07   ` Pavel Machek
2018-07-16  7:51 ` Pavel Machek
2018-07-17  2:07 ` David H. Gutteridge
2018-07-17  6:16   ` Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 [PATCH 00/39 v8] " Joerg Roedel
2018-07-18  9:40 ` [PATCH 10/39] x86/entry/32: Handle Entry from Kernel-Mode on Entry-Stack Joerg Roedel
2018-10-12 18:29   ` Jan Kiszka

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