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From: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
To: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>, Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	"H . Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>,
	Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Ravi Shankar <ravi.v.shankar@intel.com>,
	"Chang S . Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: [RESEND PATCH v6 11/12] x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2
Date: Fri, 15 Mar 2019 13:06:44 -0700
Message-ID: <1552680405-5265-12-git-send-email-chang.seok.bae@intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1552680405-5265-1-git-send-email-chang.seok.bae@intel.com>

From: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>

The kernel needs to explicitly enable FSGSBASE. So, the application needs
to know if it can safely use these instructions. Just looking at the CPUID
bit is not enough because it may be running in a kernel that does not
enable the instructions.

One way for the application would be to just try and catch the SIGILL.
But that is difficult to do in libraries which may not want to overwrite
the signal handlers of the main application.

So we need to provide a way for the application to discover the kernel
capability.

I used AT_HWCAP2 in the ELF aux vector which is already used by PPC for
similar things. We define a new Linux defined bitmap returned in AT_HWCAP.
Next to MONITOR/MWAIT, bit 1 is reserved for FSGSBASE capability checks.

The application can then access it manually or using the getauxval()
function in newer glibc.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
---
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h | 3 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c       | 4 +++-
 2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
index 6ebaae90e207..c5ce54e749f6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
@@ -5,4 +5,7 @@
 /* MONITOR/MWAIT enabled in Ring 3 */
 #define HWCAP2_RING3MWAIT		(1 << 0)
 
+/* Kernel allows FSGSBASE instructions available in Ring 3 */
+#define HWCAP2_FSGSBASE			BIT(1)
+
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 3d7d4ca1a29e..3bdac91316c9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1369,8 +1369,10 @@ static void identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 	setup_umip(c);
 
 	/* Enable FSGSBASE instructions if available. */
-	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE))
+	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE)) {
 		cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_FSGSBASE);
+		elf_hwcap2 |= HWCAP2_FSGSBASE;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * The vendor-specific functions might have changed features.
-- 
2.19.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 34+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-03-15 20:06 [RESEND PATCH v6 00/12] x86: Enable FSGSBASE instructions Chang S. Bae
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 01/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add 'unsafe_fsgsbase' to enable CR4.FSGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 02/12] kbuild: Raise the minimum required binutils version to 2.21 Chang S. Bae
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 03/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add intrinsics for FSGSBASE instructions Chang S. Bae
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 04/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE instructions in the helper functions Chang S. Bae
2019-03-25 11:38   ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-03-25 12:46     ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-03-25 13:05       ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-03-26  0:38     ` Andi Kleen
2019-03-26 15:01       ` New feature/ABI review process [was Re: [RESEND PATCH v6 04/12] x86/fsgsbase/64:..] Thomas Gleixner
2019-03-26 22:56         ` Andi Kleen
2019-03-27 21:15           ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 05/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Preserve FS/GS state in __switch_to() if FSGSBASE is on Chang S. Bae
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 06/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: When copying a thread, use the FSGSBASE instructions if available Chang S. Bae
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 07/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Introduce the FIND_PERCPU_BASE macro Chang S. Bae
2019-03-25  9:02   ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-05-01 13:52     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 08/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Use the per-CPU base as GSBASE at the paranoid_entry Chang S. Bae
2019-03-25  9:44   ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-04-05  8:35     ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-04-05 13:50       ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-01 13:52         ` Bae, Chang Seok
2019-05-01 17:40           ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-01 18:01             ` Bae, Chang Seok
     [not found]               ` <7029A32B-958E-4C1E-8B5F-D49BA68E4755@intel.com>
2019-05-01 20:25                 ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-01 21:04                   ` Bae, Chang Seok
2019-05-02  0:29                     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-05-06 22:56     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 09/12] selftests/x86/fsgsbase: Test WRGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 10/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE by default and add a chicken bit Chang S. Bae
2019-03-15 20:06 ` Chang S. Bae [this message]
2019-03-15 20:06 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 12/12] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add documentation for FSGSBASE Chang S. Bae
2019-03-30 16:15   ` Randy Dunlap
2019-03-26  0:43 ` [RESEND PATCH v6 00/12] x86: Enable FSGSBASE instructions Andy Lutomirski

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