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From: "tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen" <tip-bot2@linutronix.de>
To: linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>, Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>,
	Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>, x86 <x86@kernel.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: [tip: perf/urgent] perf pmu: Use file system cache to optimize sysfs access
Date: Fri, 29 Nov 2019 06:02:50 -0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <157500737037.21853.838149648119440718.tip-bot2@tip-bot2> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191121001522.180827-2-andi@firstfloor.org>

The following commit has been merged into the perf/urgent branch of tip:

Commit-ID:     d96645821e940bddff3fc5290656f83bf70d4c92
Gitweb:        https://git.kernel.org/tip/d96645821e940bddff3fc5290656f83bf70d4c92
Author:        Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
AuthorDate:    Wed, 20 Nov 2019 16:15:11 -08:00
Committer:     Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
CommitterDate: Thu, 28 Nov 2019 08:08:38 -03:00

perf pmu: Use file system cache to optimize sysfs access

pmu.c does a lot of redundant /sys accesses while parsing aliases
and probing for PMUs. On large systems with a lot of PMUs this
can get expensive (>2s):

  % time     seconds  usecs/call     calls    errors syscall
  ------ ----------- ----------- --------- --------- ----------------
   27.25    1.227847           8    160888     16976 openat
   26.42    1.190481           7    164224    164077 stat

Add a cache to remember if specific file names exist or don't
exist, which eliminates most of this overhead.

Also optimize some stat() calls to be slightly cheaper access()

Resulting in:

    0.18    0.004166           2      1851       305 open
    0.08    0.001970           2       829       622 access

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@kernel.org>
Link: http://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191121001522.180827-2-andi@firstfloor.org
Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
---
 tools/perf/util/Build     |  1 +-
 tools/perf/util/fncache.c | 63 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 tools/perf/util/fncache.h |  7 ++++-
 tools/perf/util/pmu.c     | 34 ++++++---------------
 tools/perf/util/srccode.c |  9 +-----
 5 files changed, 83 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/perf/util/fncache.c
 create mode 100644 tools/perf/util/fncache.h

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/Build b/tools/perf/util/Build
index b8e05a1..aab05e2 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/Build
+++ b/tools/perf/util/Build
@@ -49,6 +49,7 @@ perf-y += header.o
 perf-y += callchain.o
 perf-y += values.o
 perf-y += debug.o
+perf-y += fncache.o
 perf-y += machine.o
 perf-y += map.o
 perf-y += pstack.o
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/fncache.c b/tools/perf/util/fncache.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6225cbc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/util/fncache.c
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/* Manage a cache of file names' existence */
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include "fncache.h"
+
+struct fncache {
+	struct hlist_node nd;
+	bool res;
+	char name[];
+};
+
+#define FNHSIZE 61
+
+static struct hlist_head fncache_hash[FNHSIZE];
+
+unsigned shash(const unsigned char *s)
+{
+	unsigned h = 0;
+	while (*s)
+		h = 65599 * h + *s++;
+	return h ^ (h >> 16);
+}
+
+static bool lookup_fncache(const char *name, bool *res)
+{
+	int h = shash((const unsigned char *)name) % FNHSIZE;
+	struct fncache *n;
+
+	hlist_for_each_entry(n, &fncache_hash[h], nd) {
+		if (!strcmp(n->name, name)) {
+			*res = n->res;
+			return true;
+		}
+	}
+	return false;
+}
+
+static void update_fncache(const char *name, bool res)
+{
+	struct fncache *n = malloc(sizeof(struct fncache) + strlen(name) + 1);
+	int h = shash((const unsigned char *)name) % FNHSIZE;
+
+	if (!n)
+		return;
+	strcpy(n->name, name);
+	n->res = res;
+	hlist_add_head(&n->nd, &fncache_hash[h]);
+}
+
+/* No LRU, only use when bounded in some other way. */
+bool file_available(const char *name)
+{
+	bool res;
+
+	if (lookup_fncache(name, &res))
+		return res;
+	res = access(name, R_OK) == 0;
+	update_fncache(name, res);
+	return res;
+}
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/fncache.h b/tools/perf/util/fncache.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..fe020be
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/util/fncache.h
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+#ifndef _FCACHE_H
+#define _FCACHE_H 1
+
+unsigned shash(const unsigned char *s);
+bool file_available(const char *name);
+
+#endif
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/pmu.c b/tools/perf/util/pmu.c
index e8d3489..8b99fd3 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/pmu.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/pmu.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
 #include "pmu-events/pmu-events.h"
 #include "string2.h"
 #include "strbuf.h"
+#include "fncache.h"
 
 struct perf_pmu_format {
 	char *name;
@@ -82,7 +83,6 @@ int perf_pmu__format_parse(char *dir, struct list_head *head)
  */
 static int pmu_format(const char *name, struct list_head *format)
 {
-	struct stat st;
 	char path[PATH_MAX];
 	const char *sysfs = sysfs__mountpoint();
 
@@ -92,8 +92,8 @@ static int pmu_format(const char *name, struct list_head *format)
 	snprintf(path, PATH_MAX,
 		 "%s" EVENT_SOURCE_DEVICE_PATH "%s/format", sysfs, name);
 
-	if (stat(path, &st) < 0)
-		return 0;	/* no error if format does not exist */
+	if (!file_available(path))
+		return 0;
 
 	if (perf_pmu__format_parse(path, format))
 		return -1;
@@ -475,7 +475,6 @@ static int pmu_aliases_parse(char *dir, struct list_head *head)
  */
 static int pmu_aliases(const char *name, struct list_head *head)
 {
-	struct stat st;
 	char path[PATH_MAX];
 	const char *sysfs = sysfs__mountpoint();
 
@@ -485,8 +484,8 @@ static int pmu_aliases(const char *name, struct list_head *head)
 	snprintf(path, PATH_MAX,
 		 "%s/bus/event_source/devices/%s/events", sysfs, name);
 
-	if (stat(path, &st) < 0)
-		return 0;	 /* no error if 'events' does not exist */
+	if (!file_available(path))
+		return 0;
 
 	if (pmu_aliases_parse(path, head))
 		return -1;
@@ -525,7 +524,6 @@ static int pmu_alias_terms(struct perf_pmu_alias *alias,
  */
 static int pmu_type(const char *name, __u32 *type)
 {
-	struct stat st;
 	char path[PATH_MAX];
 	FILE *file;
 	int ret = 0;
@@ -537,7 +535,7 @@ static int pmu_type(const char *name, __u32 *type)
 	snprintf(path, PATH_MAX,
 		 "%s" EVENT_SOURCE_DEVICE_PATH "%s/type", sysfs, name);
 
-	if (stat(path, &st) < 0)
+	if (access(path, R_OK) < 0)
 		return -1;
 
 	file = fopen(path, "r");
@@ -628,14 +626,11 @@ static struct perf_cpu_map *pmu_cpumask(const char *name)
 static bool pmu_is_uncore(const char *name)
 {
 	char path[PATH_MAX];
-	struct perf_cpu_map *cpus;
-	const char *sysfs = sysfs__mountpoint();
+	const char *sysfs;
 
+	sysfs = sysfs__mountpoint();
 	snprintf(path, PATH_MAX, CPUS_TEMPLATE_UNCORE, sysfs, name);
-	cpus = __pmu_cpumask(path);
-	perf_cpu_map__put(cpus);
-
-	return !!cpus;
+	return file_available(path);
 }
 
 /*
@@ -645,7 +640,6 @@ static bool pmu_is_uncore(const char *name)
  */
 static int is_arm_pmu_core(const char *name)
 {
-	struct stat st;
 	char path[PATH_MAX];
 	const char *sysfs = sysfs__mountpoint();
 
@@ -655,10 +649,7 @@ static int is_arm_pmu_core(const char *name)
 	/* Look for cpu sysfs (specific to arm) */
 	scnprintf(path, PATH_MAX, "%s/bus/event_source/devices/%s/cpus",
 				sysfs, name);
-	if (stat(path, &st) == 0)
-		return 1;
-
-	return 0;
+	return file_available(path);
 }
 
 static char *perf_pmu__getcpuid(struct perf_pmu *pmu)
@@ -1544,7 +1535,6 @@ bool pmu_have_event(const char *pname, const char *name)
 
 static FILE *perf_pmu__open_file(struct perf_pmu *pmu, const char *name)
 {
-	struct stat st;
 	char path[PATH_MAX];
 	const char *sysfs;
 
@@ -1554,10 +1544,8 @@ static FILE *perf_pmu__open_file(struct perf_pmu *pmu, const char *name)
 
 	snprintf(path, PATH_MAX,
 		 "%s" EVENT_SOURCE_DEVICE_PATH "%s/%s", sysfs, pmu->name, name);
-
-	if (stat(path, &st) < 0)
+	if (!file_available(path))
 		return NULL;
-
 	return fopen(path, "r");
 }
 
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/srccode.c b/tools/perf/util/srccode.c
index d84ed8b..c29edaa 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/srccode.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/srccode.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
 #include "srccode.h"
 #include "debug.h"
 #include <internal/lib.h> // page_size
+#include "fncache.h"
 
 #define MAXSRCCACHE (32*1024*1024)
 #define MAXSRCFILES     64
@@ -36,14 +37,6 @@ static LIST_HEAD(srcfile_list);
 static long map_total_sz;
 static int num_srcfiles;
 
-static unsigned shash(unsigned char *s)
-{
-	unsigned h = 0;
-	while (*s)
-		h = 65599 * h + *s++;
-	return h ^ (h >> 16);
-}
-
 static int countlines(char *map, int maplen)
 {
 	int numl;

  reply	other threads:[~2019-11-29  6:03 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 32+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-21  0:15 Optimize perf stat for large number of events/cpus Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 01/12] perf pmu: Use file system cache to optimize sysfs access Andi Kleen
2019-11-29  6:02   ` tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen [this message]
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 02/12] perf affinity: Add infrastructure to save/restore affinity Andi Kleen
2019-11-29  6:02   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 03/12] perf cpumap: Maintain cpumaps ordered and without dups Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 04/12] perf evlist: Maintain evlist->all_cpus Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 05/12] perf evsel: Add iterator to iterate over events ordered by CPU Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 06/12] perf evsel: Add functions to close evsel on a CPU Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 07/12] perf stat: Use affinity for closing file descriptors Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 08/12] perf stat: Factor out open error handling Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 09/12] perf stat: Use affinity for opening events Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-12-18  9:29   ` [perf stat] cc9cdf40ae: perf-sanity-tests.Event_times.fail kernel test robot
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 10/12] perf stat: Use affinity for reading Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 11/12] perf evsel: Add functions to enable/disable for a specific CPU Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21  0:15 ` [PATCH 12/12] perf stat: Use affinity for enabling/disabling events Andi Kleen
2019-12-04  7:53   ` [tip: perf/urgent] " tip-bot2 for Andi Kleen
2019-11-21 12:47 ` Optimize perf stat for large number of events/cpus Andi Kleen
2019-11-21 14:32   ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
2019-11-27 15:16 ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
2019-11-27 15:43   ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo
2019-11-27 23:26     ` Andi Kleen
2019-11-28  0:01       ` Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo

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