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From: "tip-bot2 for Will Deacon" <tip-bot2@linutronix.de>
To: linux-tip-commits@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	"Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>, x86 <x86@kernel.org>,
	LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: [tip: locking/kcsan] READ_ONCE: Drop pointer qualifiers when reading from scalar types
Date: Tue, 12 May 2020 14:36:55 -0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <158929421588.390.634536033679985583.tip-bot2@tip-bot2> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200511204150.27858-13-will@kernel.org>

The following commit has been merged into the locking/kcsan branch of tip:

Commit-ID:     7b364f0949ae2dd205d5e9afa4b82ee17030d928
Gitweb:        https://git.kernel.org/tip/7b364f0949ae2dd205d5e9afa4b82ee17030d928
Author:        Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
AuthorDate:    Mon, 11 May 2020 21:41:44 +01:00
Committer:     Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
CommitterDate: Tue, 12 May 2020 11:04:14 +02:00

READ_ONCE: Drop pointer qualifiers when reading from scalar types

Passing a volatile-qualified pointer to READ_ONCE() is an absolute
trainwreck for code generation: the use of 'typeof()' to define a
temporary variable inside the macro means that the final evaluation in
macro scope ends up forcing a read back from the stack. When stack
protector is enabled (the default for arm64, at least), this causes
the compiler to vomit up all sorts of junk.

Unfortunately, dropping pointer qualifiers inside the macro poses quite
a challenge, especially since the pointed-to type is permitted to be an
aggregate, and this is relied upon by mm/ code accessing things like
'pmd_t'. Based on numerous hacks and discussions on the mailing list,
this is the best I've managed to come up with.

Introduce '__unqual_scalar_typeof()' which takes an expression and, if
the expression is an optionally qualified 8, 16, 32 or 64-bit scalar
type, evaluates to the unqualified type. Other input types, including
aggregates, remain unchanged. Hopefully READ_ONCE() on volatile aggregate
pointers isn't something we do on a fast-path.

Reported-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20200511204150.27858-13-will@kernel.org

---
 include/linux/compiler.h       |  6 +++---
 include/linux/compiler_types.h | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler.h b/include/linux/compiler.h
index 733605f..548294e 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler.h
@@ -204,7 +204,7 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_likely_data *f, int val,
  * atomicity or dependency ordering guarantees. Note that this may result
  * in tears!
  */
-#define __READ_ONCE(x)	(*(const volatile typeof(x) *)&(x))
+#define __READ_ONCE(x)	(*(const volatile __unqual_scalar_typeof(x) *)&(x))
 
 #define __READ_ONCE_SCALAR(x)						\
 ({									\
@@ -212,10 +212,10 @@ void ftrace_likely_update(struct ftrace_likely_data *f, int val,
 	kcsan_check_atomic_read(__xp, sizeof(*__xp));			\
 	__kcsan_disable_current();					\
 	({								\
-		typeof(x) __x = __READ_ONCE(*__xp);			\
+		__unqual_scalar_typeof(x) __x = __READ_ONCE(*__xp);	\
 		__kcsan_enable_current();				\
 		smp_read_barrier_depends();				\
-		__x;							\
+		(typeof(x))__x;						\
 	});								\
 })
 
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler_types.h b/include/linux/compiler_types.h
index e970f97..6ed0612 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler_types.h
@@ -210,6 +210,32 @@ struct ftrace_likely_data {
 /* Are two types/vars the same type (ignoring qualifiers)? */
 #define __same_type(a, b) __builtin_types_compatible_p(typeof(a), typeof(b))
 
+/*
+ * __unqual_scalar_typeof(x) - Declare an unqualified scalar type, leaving
+ *			       non-scalar types unchanged.
+ *
+ * We build this out of a couple of helper macros in a vain attempt to
+ * help you keep your lunch down while reading it.
+ */
+#define __pick_scalar_type(x, type, otherwise)					\
+	__builtin_choose_expr(__same_type(x, type), (type)0, otherwise)
+
+/*
+ * 'char' is not type-compatible with either 'signed char' or 'unsigned char',
+ * so we include the naked type here as well as the signed/unsigned variants.
+ */
+#define __pick_integer_type(x, type, otherwise)					\
+	__pick_scalar_type(x, type,						\
+		__pick_scalar_type(x, unsigned type,				\
+			__pick_scalar_type(x, signed type, otherwise)))
+
+#define __unqual_scalar_typeof(x) typeof(					\
+	__pick_integer_type(x, char,						\
+		__pick_integer_type(x, short,					\
+			__pick_integer_type(x, int,				\
+				__pick_integer_type(x, long,			\
+					__pick_integer_type(x, long long, x))))))
+
 /* Is this type a native word size -- useful for atomic operations */
 #define __native_word(t) \
 	(sizeof(t) == sizeof(char) || sizeof(t) == sizeof(short) || \

  reply	other threads:[~2020-05-12 14:37 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 127+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-05-11 20:41 [PATCH v5 00/18] Rework READ_ONCE() to improve codegen Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 01/18] sparc32: mm: Fix argument checking in __srmmu_get_nocache() Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:37   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 02/18] sparc32: mm: Restructure sparc32 MMU page-table layout Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:37   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 03/18] sparc32: mm: Change pgtable_t type to pte_t * instead of struct page * Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 04/18] sparc32: mm: Reduce allocation size for PMD and PTE tables Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-17  0:00   ` [PATCH v5 04/18] " Guenter Roeck
2020-05-17  0:07     ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-18  8:37       ` Will Deacon
2020-05-18  9:18         ` Mike Rapoport
2020-05-18  9:48         ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-18 14:23           ` Mike Rapoport
2020-05-18 16:08             ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-18 18:11               ` Ira Weiny
2020-05-18 18:14               ` Ira Weiny
2020-05-18 18:09             ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-18 18:21               ` Ira Weiny
2020-05-18 19:15               ` Mike Rapoport
2020-05-19 16:40                 ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-20 17:03         ` Mike Rapoport
2020-05-20 19:03           ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-20 19:51             ` Mike Rapoport
2020-05-21 23:02               ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-24 12:32                 ` Mike Rapoport
2020-05-24 14:01                   ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-26 13:26                   ` Will Deacon
2020-05-26 14:01                     ` Will Deacon
2020-05-26 15:21                       ` Mike Rapoport
2020-05-26 16:18                       ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-26 16:29                         ` Mike Rapoport
2020-05-26 17:15                           ` Guenter Roeck
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 05/18] compiler/gcc: Raise minimum GCC version for kernel builds to 4.8 Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 06/18] netfilter: Avoid assigning 'const' pointer to non-const pointer Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 07/18] net: tls: " Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 08/18] fault_inject: Don't rely on "return value" from WRITE_ONCE() Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 09/18] arm64: csum: Disable KASAN for do_csum() Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 10/18] READ_ONCE: Simplify implementations of {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 11/18] READ_ONCE: Enforce atomicity for {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() memory accesses Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 12/18] READ_ONCE: Drop pointer qualifiers when reading from scalar types Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` tip-bot2 for Will Deacon [this message]
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 13/18] locking/barriers: Use '__unqual_scalar_typeof' for load-acquire macros Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 14/18] arm64: barrier: Use '__unqual_scalar_typeof' for acquire/release macros Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 15/18] gcov: Remove old GCC 3.4 support Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 16/18] kcsan: Rework data_race() so that it can be used by READ_ONCE() Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 17/18] READ_ONCE: Use data_race() to avoid KCSAN instrumentation Will Deacon
2020-05-12  8:23   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-12  9:49     ` Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-20 22:17     ` Borislav Petkov
2020-05-20 22:30       ` Marco Elver
2020-05-21  7:25         ` Borislav Petkov
2020-05-21  9:37           ` Marco Elver
2020-05-21  3:30       ` Nathan Chancellor
2020-05-22 16:08       ` [tip: locking/kcsan] compiler.h: Avoid nested statement expression in data_race() tip-bot2 for Marco Elver
2020-05-11 20:41 ` [PATCH v5 18/18] linux/compiler.h: Remove redundant '#else' Will Deacon
2020-05-12 14:36   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] " tip-bot2 for Will Deacon
2020-05-12  8:18 ` [PATCH v5 00/18] Rework READ_ONCE() to improve codegen Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-12 17:53   ` Marco Elver
2020-05-12 18:55     ` Marco Elver
2020-05-12 19:07     ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-12 20:31       ` Marco Elver
2020-05-13 11:10         ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-13 11:14           ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-13 11:48           ` Marco Elver
2020-05-13 12:32             ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-13 12:40               ` Will Deacon
2020-05-13 13:15                 ` Marco Elver
2020-05-13 13:24                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-13 13:58                     ` Marco Elver
2020-05-14 11:21                       ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 11:24                         ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 11:35                         ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 12:01                         ` Will Deacon
2020-05-14 12:27                           ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 13:07                             ` Marco Elver
2020-05-14 13:14                               ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 12:20                         ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 14:13                       ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 14:20                         ` Marco Elver
2020-05-15  9:20                           ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-13 16:50                   ` Will Deacon
2020-05-13 17:32                     ` Marco Elver
2020-05-13 17:47                       ` Will Deacon
2020-05-13 18:54                         ` Marco Elver
2020-05-13 21:25                           ` Will Deacon
2020-05-14  7:31                             ` Marco Elver
2020-05-14 11:05                               ` Will Deacon
2020-05-14 13:35                                 ` Marco Elver
2020-05-14 13:47                                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 13:50                                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 13:56                                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 14:24                                   ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 15:09                                     ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-05-14 15:29                                       ` Marco Elver
2020-05-14 19:37                                         ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-05-15 13:55                                     ` David Laight
2020-05-15 14:04                                       ` Marco Elver
2020-05-15 14:07                                       ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-05-14 15:38                                   ` Paul E. McKenney
2020-05-22 16:08                                   ` [tip: locking/kcsan] kcsan: Restrict supported compilers tip-bot2 for Marco Elver
2020-06-03 18:52                                 ` [PATCH v5 00/18] Rework READ_ONCE() to improve codegen Borislav Petkov
2020-06-03 19:23                                   ` Marco Elver
2020-06-03 22:05                                     ` Borislav Petkov
2020-06-08 17:32                                     ` Martin Liška
2020-06-08 19:56                                       ` Marco Elver
2020-06-09 11:55                                         ` Martin Liška
2020-06-09 12:36                                           ` Martin Liška
2020-06-09 13:45                                             ` Marco Elver
2020-05-22 16:08                           ` [tip: locking/kcsan] kcsan: Remove 'noinline' from __no_kcsan_or_inline tip-bot2 for Marco Elver
2020-05-13 13:21                 ` [PATCH v5 00/18] Rework READ_ONCE() to improve codegen David Laight
2020-05-13 16:32                   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-05-12 21:14       ` Will Deacon
2020-05-12 22:00         ` Marco Elver

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