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From: Michael Kelley <mikelley@microsoft.com>
To: will@kernel.org, catalin.marinas@arm.com, mark.rutland@arm.com,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, linux-hyperv@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-efi@vger.kernel.org, wei.liu@kernel.org, kys@microsoft.com,
	sthemmin@microsoft.com, ardb@kernel.org
Cc: mikelley@microsoft.com
Subject: [PATCH v12 1/5] arm64: hyperv: Add Hyper-V hypercall and register access utilities
Date: Wed,  4 Aug 2021 08:52:35 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <1628092359-61351-2-git-send-email-mikelley@microsoft.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1628092359-61351-1-git-send-email-mikelley@microsoft.com>

hyperv-tlfs.h defines Hyper-V interfaces from the Hyper-V Top Level
Functional Spec (TLFS), and #includes the architecture-independent
part of hyperv-tlfs.h in include/asm-generic.  The published TLFS
is distinctly oriented to x86/x64, so the ARM64-specific
hyperv-tlfs.h includes information for ARM64 that is not yet formally
published. The TLFS is available here:

  docs.microsoft.com/en-us/virtualization/hyper-v-on-windows/reference/tlfs

mshyperv.h defines Linux-specific structures and routines for
interacting with Hyper-V on ARM64, and #includes the architecture-
independent part of mshyperv.h in include/asm-generic.

Use these definitions to provide utility functions to make
Hyper-V hypercalls and to get and set Hyper-V provided
registers associated with a virtual processor.

Signed-off-by: Michael Kelley <mikelley@microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Sunil Muthuswamy <sunilmut@microsoft.com>
Acked-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>

---
 MAINTAINERS                          |   3 +
 arch/arm64/Kbuild                    |   1 +
 arch/arm64/hyperv/Makefile           |   2 +
 arch/arm64/hyperv/hv_core.c          | 129 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h |  69 +++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/mshyperv.h    |  54 +++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 258 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/hyperv/Makefile
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/hyperv/hv_core.c
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/mshyperv.h

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 6993219..8f6f429 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -8608,6 +8608,9 @@ T:	git git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/hyperv/linux.git
 F:	Documentation/ABI/stable/sysfs-bus-vmbus
 F:	Documentation/ABI/testing/debugfs-hyperv
 F:	Documentation/networking/device_drivers/ethernet/microsoft/netvsc.rst
+F:	arch/arm64/hyperv
+F:	arch/arm64/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h
+F:	arch/arm64/include/asm/mshyperv.h
 F:	arch/x86/hyperv
 F:	arch/x86/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h
 F:	arch/x86/include/asm/mshyperv.h
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kbuild b/arch/arm64/Kbuild
index 7b393cf..ea7ab4c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kbuild
@@ -2,4 +2,5 @@
 obj-y			+= kernel/ mm/ net/
 obj-$(CONFIG_KVM)	+= kvm/
 obj-$(CONFIG_XEN)	+= xen/
+obj-$(subst m,y,$(CONFIG_HYPERV))	+= hyperv/
 obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO)	+= crypto/
diff --git a/arch/arm64/hyperv/Makefile b/arch/arm64/hyperv/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1697d30
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/hyperv/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+obj-y		:= hv_core.o
diff --git a/arch/arm64/hyperv/hv_core.c b/arch/arm64/hyperv/hv_core.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4c5dc0f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/hyperv/hv_core.c
@@ -0,0 +1,129 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+/*
+ * Low level utility routines for interacting with Hyper-V.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2021, Microsoft, Inc.
+ *
+ * Author : Michael Kelley <mikelley@microsoft.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/hyperv.h>
+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <asm-generic/bug.h>
+#include <asm/hyperv-tlfs.h>
+#include <asm/mshyperv.h>
+
+/*
+ * hv_do_hypercall- Invoke the specified hypercall
+ */
+u64 hv_do_hypercall(u64 control, void *input, void *output)
+{
+	struct arm_smccc_res	res;
+	u64			input_address;
+	u64			output_address;
+
+	input_address = input ? virt_to_phys(input) : 0;
+	output_address = output ? virt_to_phys(output) : 0;
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_hvc(HV_FUNC_ID, control,
+			  input_address, output_address, &res);
+	return res.a0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_do_hypercall);
+
+/*
+ * hv_do_fast_hypercall8 -- Invoke the specified hypercall
+ * with arguments in registers instead of physical memory.
+ * Avoids the overhead of virt_to_phys for simple hypercalls.
+ */
+
+u64 hv_do_fast_hypercall8(u16 code, u64 input)
+{
+	struct arm_smccc_res	res;
+	u64			control;
+
+	control = (u64)code | HV_HYPERCALL_FAST_BIT;
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_hvc(HV_FUNC_ID, control, input, &res);
+	return res.a0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_do_fast_hypercall8);
+
+/*
+ * Set a single VP register to a 64-bit value.
+ */
+void hv_set_vpreg(u32 msr, u64 value)
+{
+	struct arm_smccc_res res;
+
+	arm_smccc_1_1_hvc(HV_FUNC_ID,
+		HVCALL_SET_VP_REGISTERS | HV_HYPERCALL_FAST_BIT |
+			HV_HYPERCALL_REP_COMP_1,
+		HV_PARTITION_ID_SELF,
+		HV_VP_INDEX_SELF,
+		msr,
+		0,
+		value,
+		0,
+		&res);
+
+	/*
+	 * Something is fundamentally broken in the hypervisor if
+	 * setting a VP register fails. There's really no way to
+	 * continue as a guest VM, so panic.
+	 */
+	BUG_ON(!hv_result_success(res.a0));
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_set_vpreg);
+
+/*
+ * Get the value of a single VP register.  One version
+ * returns just 64 bits and another returns the full 128 bits.
+ * The two versions are separate to avoid complicating the
+ * calling sequence for the more frequently used 64 bit version.
+ */
+
+void hv_get_vpreg_128(u32 msr, struct hv_get_vp_registers_output *result)
+{
+	struct arm_smccc_1_2_regs args;
+	struct arm_smccc_1_2_regs res;
+
+	args.a0 = HV_FUNC_ID;
+	args.a1 = HVCALL_GET_VP_REGISTERS | HV_HYPERCALL_FAST_BIT |
+			HV_HYPERCALL_REP_COMP_1;
+	args.a2 = HV_PARTITION_ID_SELF;
+	args.a3 = HV_VP_INDEX_SELF;
+	args.a4 = msr;
+
+	/*
+	 * Use the SMCCC 1.2 interface because the results are in registers
+	 * beyond X0-X3.
+	 */
+	arm_smccc_1_2_hvc(&args, &res);
+
+	/*
+	 * Something is fundamentally broken in the hypervisor if
+	 * getting a VP register fails. There's really no way to
+	 * continue as a guest VM, so panic.
+	 */
+	BUG_ON(!hv_result_success(res.a0));
+
+	result->as64.low = res.a6;
+	result->as64.high = res.a7;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_get_vpreg_128);
+
+u64 hv_get_vpreg(u32 msr)
+{
+	struct hv_get_vp_registers_output output;
+
+	hv_get_vpreg_128(msr, &output);
+
+	return output.as64.low;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(hv_get_vpreg);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4d964a7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hyperv-tlfs.h
@@ -0,0 +1,69 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+/*
+ * This file contains definitions from the Hyper-V Hypervisor Top-Level
+ * Functional Specification (TLFS):
+ * https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/virtualization/hyper-v-on-windows/reference/tlfs
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2021, Microsoft, Inc.
+ *
+ * Author : Michael Kelley <mikelley@microsoft.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_HYPERV_TLFS_H
+#define _ASM_HYPERV_TLFS_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/*
+ * All data structures defined in the TLFS that are shared between Hyper-V
+ * and a guest VM use Little Endian byte ordering.  This matches the default
+ * byte ordering of Linux running on ARM64, so no special handling is required.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * These Hyper-V registers provide information equivalent to the CPUID
+ * instruction on x86/x64.
+ */
+#define HV_REGISTER_HYPERVISOR_VERSION		0x00000100 /*CPUID 0x40000002 */
+#define HV_REGISTER_FEATURES			0x00000200 /*CPUID 0x40000003 */
+#define HV_REGISTER_ENLIGHTENMENTS		0x00000201 /*CPUID 0x40000004 */
+
+/*
+ * Group C Features. See the asm-generic version of hyperv-tlfs.h
+ * for a description of Feature Groups.
+ */
+
+/* Crash MSRs available */
+#define HV_FEATURE_GUEST_CRASH_MSR_AVAILABLE	BIT(8)
+
+/* STIMER direct mode is available */
+#define HV_STIMER_DIRECT_MODE_AVAILABLE		BIT(13)
+
+/*
+ * Synthetic register definitions equivalent to MSRs on x86/x64
+ */
+#define HV_REGISTER_CRASH_P0		0x00000210
+#define HV_REGISTER_CRASH_P1		0x00000211
+#define HV_REGISTER_CRASH_P2		0x00000212
+#define HV_REGISTER_CRASH_P3		0x00000213
+#define HV_REGISTER_CRASH_P4		0x00000214
+#define HV_REGISTER_CRASH_CTL		0x00000215
+
+#define HV_REGISTER_GUEST_OSID		0x00090002
+#define HV_REGISTER_VP_INDEX		0x00090003
+#define HV_REGISTER_TIME_REF_COUNT	0x00090004
+#define HV_REGISTER_REFERENCE_TSC	0x00090017
+
+#define HV_REGISTER_SINT0		0x000A0000
+#define HV_REGISTER_SCONTROL		0x000A0010
+#define HV_REGISTER_SIEFP		0x000A0012
+#define HV_REGISTER_SIMP		0x000A0013
+#define HV_REGISTER_EOM			0x000A0014
+
+#define HV_REGISTER_STIMER0_CONFIG	0x000B0000
+#define HV_REGISTER_STIMER0_COUNT	0x000B0001
+
+#include <asm-generic/hyperv-tlfs.h>
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mshyperv.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mshyperv.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..20070a8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mshyperv.h
@@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+
+/*
+ * Linux-specific definitions for managing interactions with Microsoft's
+ * Hyper-V hypervisor. The definitions in this file are specific to
+ * the ARM64 architecture.  See include/asm-generic/mshyperv.h for
+ * definitions are that architecture independent.
+ *
+ * Definitions that are specified in the Hyper-V Top Level Functional
+ * Spec (TLFS) should not go in this file, but should instead go in
+ * hyperv-tlfs.h.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2021, Microsoft, Inc.
+ *
+ * Author : Michael Kelley <mikelley@microsoft.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_MSHYPERV_H
+#define _ASM_MSHYPERV_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/arm-smccc.h>
+#include <asm/hyperv-tlfs.h>
+
+/*
+ * Declare calls to get and set Hyper-V VP register values on ARM64, which
+ * requires a hypercall.
+ */
+
+void hv_set_vpreg(u32 reg, u64 value);
+u64 hv_get_vpreg(u32 reg);
+void hv_get_vpreg_128(u32 reg, struct hv_get_vp_registers_output *result);
+
+static inline void hv_set_register(unsigned int reg, u64 value)
+{
+	hv_set_vpreg(reg, value);
+}
+
+static inline u64 hv_get_register(unsigned int reg)
+{
+	return hv_get_vpreg(reg);
+}
+
+/* SMCCC hypercall parameters */
+#define HV_SMCCC_FUNC_NUMBER	1
+#define HV_FUNC_ID	ARM_SMCCC_CALL_VAL(			\
+				ARM_SMCCC_STD_CALL,		\
+				ARM_SMCCC_SMC_64,		\
+				ARM_SMCCC_OWNER_VENDOR_HYP,	\
+				HV_SMCCC_FUNC_NUMBER)
+
+#include <asm-generic/mshyperv.h>
+
+#endif
-- 
1.8.3.1


  reply	other threads:[~2021-08-04 15:53 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 14+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-08-04 15:52 [PATCH v12 0/5] Enable Linux guests on Hyper-V on ARM64 Michael Kelley
2021-08-04 15:52 ` Michael Kelley [this message]
2021-08-04 15:52 ` [PATCH v12 2/5] arm64: hyperv: Add panic handler Michael Kelley
2021-08-04 15:52 ` [PATCH v12 3/5] arm64: hyperv: Initialize hypervisor on boot Michael Kelley
2021-08-04 15:52 ` [PATCH v12 4/5] arm64: efi: Export screen_info Michael Kelley
2021-08-04 15:52 ` [PATCH v12 5/5] Drivers: hv: Enable Hyper-V code to be built on ARM64 Michael Kelley
2021-08-04 16:10   ` Catalin Marinas
2021-08-04 16:40     ` Wei Liu
2021-08-04 16:43       ` Michael Kelley
2021-08-04 16:25 ` [PATCH v12 0/5] Enable Linux guests on Hyper-V " Catalin Marinas
2021-08-04 16:37   ` Wei Liu
2021-08-04 16:39   ` Michael Kelley
2021-08-04 16:43     ` Catalin Marinas
2021-08-04 16:58 ` Wei Liu

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