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From: Bernardo Innocenti <bernie@develer.com>
To: uClinux development list <uclinux-dev@uclinux.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: Kernel 2.6 size increase
Date: Wed, 23 Jul 2003 20:46:46 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <200307232046.46990.bernie@develer.com> (raw)

Hello,

code bloat can be very harmful on embedded targets, but it's
generally inconvenient for any platform. I've measured the
code increase between 2.4.21 and 2.6.0-test1 on a small
kernel configuration for ColdFire:

   text    data     bss     dec     hex filename
 640564   39152  134260  813976   c6b98 linux-2.4.x/linux
 845924   51204   78896  976024   ee498 linux-2.5.x/vmlinux

I could provide the exact .config file for both kernels to
anybody interested. They are almost the same: no filesystems
except JFFS2, IPv4 and a bunch of small drivers. I have no
SMP, security, futexes, modules and anything else not
strictly needed to execute processes.

I've made a linker map file and compared the size of single
subsystems. These are the the major contributors to the
size increase:

  kernel/   +27KB
  mm/       +14KB
  fs/       +47KB
  drivers/  +35KB
  net/      +64KB

I've digged into net/ with nm -S --size-sort. It seems that
the major increase is caused by net/xfrm/. Could this module
be made optional?

In fs/, almost all modules have got 30-40% bigger, therefore
bloat is probably caused by inlines and macros getting more
complex.

Block drivers and MTD have generally become smaller. Character
devices are responsable for most of the size increase in drivers/.

-- 
  // Bernardo Innocenti - Develer S.r.l., R&D dept.
\X/  http://www.develer.com/

Please don't send Word attachments - http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/no-word-attachments.html



             reply	other threads:[~2003-07-23 18:31 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 63+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2003-07-23 18:46 Bernardo Innocenti [this message]
2003-07-23 19:14 ` Richard B. Johnson
2003-07-23 20:07   ` David S. Miller
2003-07-23 21:47     ` Randy.Dunlap
2003-07-23 19:32 ` [uClinux-dev] " Christoph Hellwig
2003-07-23 20:11   ` David S. Miller
2003-07-23 20:15     ` Christoph Hellwig
2003-07-23 20:22       ` David S. Miller
2003-07-23 20:27         ` Christoph Hellwig
2003-07-23 22:35           ` [uClinux-dev] Kernel 2.6 size increase - get_current()? Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-23 22:37             ` Alan Cox
2003-07-23 23:00               ` Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-24  5:06                 ` David McCullough
2003-07-24 11:28                   ` Alan Cox
2003-07-24 12:04                     ` David McCullough
2003-07-24 14:48                       ` Alan Cox
2003-07-25 18:25                       ` bill davidsen
2003-07-24 15:30                     ` Hollis Blanchard
2003-07-24 19:37                       ` Alan Cox
2003-07-24 19:51                         ` Hollis Blanchard
2003-07-24 21:20                           ` J.A. Magallon
2003-07-25  4:22                             ` Otto Solares
2003-07-25 14:38                               ` Hollis Blanchard
2003-07-28  3:19                                 ` Miles Bader
2003-07-28  8:14                                   ` Ihar "Philips" Filipau
2003-07-28  8:58                                     ` Miles Bader
2003-07-28  9:03                                       ` Ihar "Philips" Filipau
2003-07-23 21:57   ` [uClinux-dev] Kernel 2.6 size increase Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-23 22:07     ` Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-23 22:27       ` Willy Tarreau
2003-07-23 22:34         ` Alan Cox
2003-07-24 20:27         ` Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-25 15:46           ` Christoph Hellwig
2003-07-25 23:55             ` [PATCH] Make I/O schedulers optional (Was: Re: Kernel 2.6 size increase) Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-26  8:17               ` Andrew Morton
2003-07-26 12:40                 ` Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-26 14:07                   ` Jens Axboe
2003-07-26 23:42                     ` Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-26 23:41                       ` Jens Axboe
2003-07-28 17:13             ` [uClinux-dev] Kernel 2.6 size increase Nicolas Pitre
2003-07-28 23:02               ` Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-29  2:36                 ` Miles Bader
2003-08-08 13:25                 ` [uClinux-dev] " David Woodhouse
2003-08-08 14:37                   ` Bernardo Innocenti
2003-08-08 14:43                     ` David Woodhouse
2003-07-25 18:16           ` bill davidsen
2003-07-29 22:29           ` Tom Rini
2003-07-29 22:48             ` Alan Cox
2003-07-29 23:06               ` Tom Rini
2003-07-30  2:07                 ` Miles Bader
2003-07-30 15:33                   ` Tom Rini
2003-07-31  1:49                     ` Miles Bader
2003-07-31  4:17                       ` Tom Rini
2003-07-31  5:03                         ` Miles Bader
2003-07-31 15:24                           ` Tom Rini
2003-07-30  2:49             ` [uClinux-dev] " Bernardo Innocenti
2003-07-30 15:35               ` Tom Rini
2003-07-30 16:45                 ` [uClinux-dev] Kernel 2.6 size increase (PATCH) Bernardo Innocenti
     [not found] <cArb.74D.1@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found] ` <cUTh.6JZ.33@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]   ` <eLiy.31J.3@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]     ` <eLBW.3eJ.7@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]       ` <eLVb.3yF.1@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]         ` <eOJn.5NI.1@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]           ` <f1dJ.GS.21@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]             ` <faTE.2LQ.3@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]               ` <fd56.4Te.9@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]                 ` <fdRv.5uB.9@gated-at.bofh.it>
     [not found]                   ` <fnHd.54o.19@gated-at.bofh.it>
2003-07-31 16:31                     ` Kernel 2.6 size increase Ihar "Philips" Filipau
2003-07-31 16:43                       ` Tom Rini
2003-07-31 17:04                         ` Ihar "Philips" Filipau
2003-07-31 17:20                           ` Tom Rini
2003-07-31 18:02                             ` Ihar "Philips" Filipau

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