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From: Christopher Arges <chris.j.arges@canonical.com>
To: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@suse.cz>
Cc: jpoimboe@redhat.com, jeyu@redhat.com, jikos@kernel.org,
	pmladek@suse.com, jslaby@suse.cz, live-patching@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, huawei.libin@huawei.com,
	minfei.huang@yahoo.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] livepatch: allow removal of a disabled patch
Date: Wed, 1 Jun 2016 06:29:49 -0500	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20160601112949.GA11285@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20160601083159.7004-1-mbenes@suse.cz>

On Wed, Jun 01, 2016 at 10:31:59AM +0200, Miroslav Benes wrote:
> Currently we do not allow patch module to unload since there is no
> method to determine if a task is still running in the patched code.
> 
> The consistency model gives us the way because when the unpatching
> finishes we know that all tasks were marked as safe to call an original
> function. Thus every new call to the function calls the original code
> and at the same time no task can be somewhere in the patched code,
> because it had to leave that code to be marked as safe.
> 
> We can safely let the patch module go after that.
> 
> Completion is used for synchronization between module removal and sysfs
> infrastructure in a similar way to commit 942e443127e9 ("module: Fix
> mod->mkobj.kobj potentially freed too early").
> 
> Note that we still do not allow the removal for immediate model, that is
> no consistency model. The module refcount may increase in this case if
> somebody disables and enables the patch several times. This should not
> cause any harm.
> 
> With this change a call to try_module_get() is moved to
> __klp_enable_patch from klp_register_patch to make module reference
> counting symmetric (module_put() is in a patch disable path) and to
> allow to take a new reference to a disabled module when being enabled.
> 
> Also all kobject_put(&patch->kobj) calls are moved outside of klp_mutex
> lock protection to prevent a deadlock situation when
> klp_unregister_patch is called and sysfs directories are removed. There
> is no need to do the same for other kobject_put() callsites as we
> currently do not have their sysfs counterparts.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@suse.cz>
> ---
> Based on Josh's v2 of the consistency model.
> 
>  Documentation/livepatch/livepatch.txt | 29 ++++---------
>  include/linux/livepatch.h             |  3 ++
>  kernel/livepatch/core.c               | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
>  kernel/livepatch/transition.c         | 12 +++++-
>  samples/livepatch/livepatch-sample.c  |  1 -
>  5 files changed, 72 insertions(+), 53 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/livepatch/livepatch.txt b/Documentation/livepatch/livepatch.txt
> index bee86d0fe854..a05124258a73 100644
> --- a/Documentation/livepatch/livepatch.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/livepatch/livepatch.txt
> @@ -272,8 +272,15 @@ section "Livepatch life-cycle" below for more details about these
>  two operations.
>  
>  Module removal is only safe when there are no users of the underlying
> -functions.  The immediate consistency model is not able to detect this;
> -therefore livepatch modules cannot be removed. See "Limitations" below.
> +functions. The immediate consistency model is not able to detect this. The
> +code just redirects the functions at the very beginning and it does not
> +check if the functions are in use. In other words, it knows when the
> +functions get called but it does not know when the functions return.
> +Therefore it cannot be decided when the livepatch module can be safely
> +removed. This is solved by a hybrid consistency model. When the system is
> +transitioned to a new patch state (patched/unpatched) it is guaranteed that
> +no task sleeps or runs in the old code.
> +
>  
>  5. Livepatch life-cycle
>  =======================
> @@ -444,24 +451,6 @@ See Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-kernel-livepatch for more details.
>      There is work in progress to remove this limitation.
>  
>  
> -  + Livepatch modules can not be removed.
> -
> -    The current implementation just redirects the functions at the very
> -    beginning. It does not check if the functions are in use. In other
> -    words, it knows when the functions get called but it does not
> -    know when the functions return. Therefore it can not decide when
> -    the livepatch module can be safely removed.
> -
> -    This will get most likely solved once a more complex consistency model
> -    is supported. The idea is that a safe state for patching should also
> -    mean a safe state for removing the patch.
> -
> -    Note that the patch itself might get disabled by writing zero
> -    to /sys/kernel/livepatch/<patch>/enabled. It causes that the new
> -    code will not longer get called. But it does not guarantee
> -    that anyone is not sleeping anywhere in the new code.
> -
> -
>    + Livepatch works reliably only when the dynamic ftrace is located at
>      the very beginning of the function.
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/livepatch.h b/include/linux/livepatch.h
> index cd2dfd95e109..a9651c6e1b52 100644
> --- a/include/linux/livepatch.h
> +++ b/include/linux/livepatch.h
> @@ -23,6 +23,7 @@
>  
>  #include <linux/module.h>
>  #include <linux/ftrace.h>
> +#include <linux/completion.h>
>  
>  #if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_LIVEPATCH)
>  
> @@ -114,6 +115,7 @@ struct klp_object {
>   * @list:	list node for global list of registered patches
>   * @kobj:	kobject for sysfs resources
>   * @enabled:	the patch is enabled (but operation may be incomplete)
> + * @finish:	for waiting till it is safe to remove the patch module
>   */
>  struct klp_patch {
>  	/* external */
> @@ -125,6 +127,7 @@ struct klp_patch {
>  	struct list_head list;
>  	struct kobject kobj;
>  	bool enabled;
> +	struct completion finish;
>  };
>  
>  #define klp_for_each_object(patch, obj) \
> diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/core.c b/kernel/livepatch/core.c
> index d55701222b49..a649186fb4af 100644
> --- a/kernel/livepatch/core.c
> +++ b/kernel/livepatch/core.c
> @@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
>  #include <linux/livepatch.h>
>  #include <linux/elf.h>
>  #include <linux/moduleloader.h>
> +#include <linux/completion.h>
>  #include <asm/cacheflush.h>
>  #include "patch.h"
>  #include "transition.h"
> @@ -371,6 +372,18 @@ static int __klp_enable_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
>  	    !list_prev_entry(patch, list)->enabled)
>  		return -EBUSY;
>  
> +	/*
> +	* A reference is taken on the patch module to prevent it from being
> +	* unloaded.
> +	*
> +	* Note: For immediate (no consistency model) patches we don't allow
> +	* patch modules to unload since there is no safe/sane method to
> +	* determine if a thread is still running in the patched code contained
> +	* in the patch module once the ftrace registration is successful.
> +	*/
> +	if (!try_module_get(patch->mod))
> +		return -ENODEV;
> +
>  	pr_notice_once("tainting kernel with TAINT_LIVEPATCH\n");
>  	add_taint(TAINT_LIVEPATCH, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
>  
> @@ -459,6 +472,15 @@ static ssize_t enabled_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct kobj_attribute *attr,
>  
>  	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);
>  
> +	if (!klp_is_patch_registered(patch)) {
> +		/*
> +		 * Module with the patch could either disappear meanwhile or is
> +		 * not properly initialized yet.
> +		 */
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto err;
> +	}
> +
>  	if (patch->enabled == val) {
>  		/* already in requested state */
>  		ret = -EINVAL;
> @@ -515,10 +537,10 @@ static struct attribute *klp_patch_attrs[] = {
>  
>  static void klp_kobj_release_patch(struct kobject *kobj)
>  {
> -	/*
> -	 * Once we have a consistency model we'll need to module_put() the
> -	 * patch module here.  See klp_register_patch() for more details.
> -	 */
> +	struct klp_patch *patch;
> +
> +	patch = container_of(kobj, struct klp_patch, kobj);
> +	complete(&patch->finish);
>  }
>  
>  static struct kobj_type klp_ktype_patch = {
> @@ -589,7 +611,6 @@ static void klp_free_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
>  	klp_free_objects_limited(patch, NULL);
>  	if (!list_empty(&patch->list))
>  		list_del(&patch->list);
> -	kobject_put(&patch->kobj);
>  }
>  
>  static int klp_init_func(struct klp_object *obj, struct klp_func *func)
> @@ -700,11 +721,14 @@ static int klp_init_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
>  	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);
>  
>  	patch->enabled = false;
> +	init_completion(&patch->finish);
>  
>  	ret = kobject_init_and_add(&patch->kobj, &klp_ktype_patch,
>  				   klp_root_kobj, "%s", patch->mod->name);
> -	if (ret)
> -		goto unlock;
> +	if (ret) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
> +		return ret;
> +	}
>  
>  	klp_for_each_object(patch, obj) {
>  		ret = klp_init_object(patch, obj);
> @@ -720,9 +744,12 @@ static int klp_init_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
>  
>  free:
>  	klp_free_objects_limited(patch, obj);
> -	kobject_put(&patch->kobj);
> -unlock:
> +
>  	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
> +
> +	kobject_put(&patch->kobj);
> +	wait_for_completion(&patch->finish);
> +
>  	return ret;
>  }
>  
> @@ -736,23 +763,29 @@ static int klp_init_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
>   */
>  int klp_unregister_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
>  {
> -	int ret = 0;
> +	int ret;
>  
>  	mutex_lock(&klp_mutex);
>  
>  	if (!klp_is_patch_registered(patch)) {
>  		ret = -EINVAL;
> -		goto out;
> +		goto err;
>  	}
>  
>  	if (patch->enabled) {
>  		ret = -EBUSY;
> -		goto out;
> +		goto err;
>  	}
>  
>  	klp_free_patch(patch);
>  
> -out:
> +	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
> +
> +	kobject_put(&patch->kobj);
> +	wait_for_completion(&patch->finish);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +err:
>  	mutex_unlock(&klp_mutex);
>  	return ret;
>  }
> @@ -765,12 +798,13 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_unregister_patch);
>   * Initializes the data structure associated with the patch and
>   * creates the sysfs interface.
>   *
> + * There is no need to take the reference on the patch module here. It is done
> + * later when the patch is enabled.
> + *
>   * Return: 0 on success, otherwise error
>   */
>  int klp_register_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
>  {
> -	int ret;
> -
>  	if (!patch || !patch->mod)
>  		return -EINVAL;
>  
> @@ -783,21 +817,7 @@ int klp_register_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)
>  	if (!klp_initialized())
>  		return -ENODEV;
>  
> -	/*
> -	 * A reference is taken on the patch module to prevent it from being
> -	 * unloaded.  Right now, we don't allow patch modules to unload since
> -	 * there is currently no method to determine if a thread is still
> -	 * running in the patched code contained in the patch module once
> -	 * the ftrace registration is successful.
> -	 */
> -	if (!try_module_get(patch->mod))
> -		return -ENODEV;
> -
> -	ret = klp_init_patch(patch);
> -	if (ret)
> -		module_put(patch->mod);
> -
> -	return ret;
> +	return klp_init_patch(patch);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(klp_register_patch);
>  
> diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/transition.c b/kernel/livepatch/transition.c
> index 92819bb0961b..6cc49d253195 100644
> --- a/kernel/livepatch/transition.c
> +++ b/kernel/livepatch/transition.c
> @@ -197,13 +197,21 @@ void klp_complete_transition(void)
>  	struct klp_func *func;
>  	struct task_struct *g, *task;
>  	unsigned int cpu;
> +	bool is_immediate = false;
>  
>  	if (klp_transition_patch->immediate)
>  		goto done;
>  
> -	klp_for_each_object(klp_transition_patch, obj)
> -		klp_for_each_func(obj, func)
> +	klp_for_each_object(klp_transition_patch, obj) {
> +		klp_for_each_func(obj, func) {
>  			func->transition = false;
> +			if (func->immediate)
> +				is_immediate = true;

Once an immediate function is found you could return from this function since
releasing a reference from the livepatch module is no longer possible.

--chris

> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	if (klp_target_state == KLP_UNPATCHED && !is_immediate)
> +		module_put(klp_transition_patch->mod);
>  
>  	read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
>  	for_each_process_thread(g, task) {
> diff --git a/samples/livepatch/livepatch-sample.c b/samples/livepatch/livepatch-sample.c
> index e34f871e69b1..a84676aa7c62 100644
> --- a/samples/livepatch/livepatch-sample.c
> +++ b/samples/livepatch/livepatch-sample.c
> @@ -82,7 +82,6 @@ static int livepatch_init(void)
>  
>  static void livepatch_exit(void)
>  {
> -	WARN_ON(klp_disable_patch(&patch));
>  	WARN_ON(klp_unregister_patch(&patch));
>  }
>  
> -- 
> 2.8.3
> 
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe live-patching" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

  reply	other threads:[~2016-06-01 11:29 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 6+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2016-06-01  8:31 Miroslav Benes
2016-06-01 11:29 ` Christopher Arges [this message]
2016-06-01 11:43   ` Miroslav Benes
2016-06-07  9:36 ` Petr Mladek
2016-06-07 22:39   ` Jessica Yu
2016-06-08  8:10     ` Petr Mladek

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