linux-kernel.vger.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
* [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 01/22] vfio: Mediated device Core driver Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (22 more replies)
  0 siblings, 23 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

This series adds Mediated device support to Linux host kernel. Purpose
of this series is to provide a common interface for mediated device
management that can be used by different devices. This series introduces
Mdev core module that creates and manages mediated devices, VFIO based
driver for mediated devices that are created by mdev core module and
update VFIO type1 IOMMU module to support pinning & unpinning for mediated
devices.

What changed in v11?
mdev core:
  Register mdev_bus class when first device is registed to avoid panic if
  any vendor driver and mdev driver are selected as built-in but vendor
  driver loads first and then mdev module.
vfio_mdev:
  Added notifier callback function to mdev parent's ops so that notifer
  is registered from vfio_mdev module during device open and unregistered
  it from device close call. This is a optional callback. Some drivers
  using mdev framework might not pin or unpin pages, for example the
  sample mtty driver that simulates serial port. Vendor driver who need to
  pin/unpin pages should provide this callback. Otherwise pin request
  would fail.
vfio_iommu_type1:
  Updated to keep track of who (task and address space) mapped iova range.
  During DMA_UNMAP, same task who mapped it or other task who shares same
  address space is allowed to unmap, otherwise unmap fails.
  QEMU maps few iova ranges initially, then fork threads and from the child
  thread calls DMA_UNMAP on previously mapped iova. Since child shares same
  address space, DMA_UNMAP is successful.
  Address space keeps track of pages pinned (pfn_list) by external user /
  mdev devices. This pfn_list is used to verify pfn during unpin_request,
  re-accounting of pages when direct device assigned in hot-unplugged and
  mdev device is present in same container.
  When the container is released, all mapped iova from all tasks are
  unmapped and removed.

  Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
   - GPU pass through only
   - vGPU device only
   - One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
   - Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
     exist
   - Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
     exist

  Patch series tested with linux-next upto commit 14970f204b19 @Fri Oct 28
  Resolved against conflicting change:
  05692d7005a3 vfio/pci: Fix integer overflows, bitmask check


Kirti Wankhede (22):
  vfio: Mediated device Core driver
  vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices
  vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev
  vfio: Common function to increment container_users
  vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to
    vfio_iommu_driver_ops
  vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct
  vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn()
  vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function
  vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
  vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev
  vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
  vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability()
  vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  vfio_platform: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  vfio: Define device_api strings
  docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices
  docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework
  docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated device
    framework.
  MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers

 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev |  111 ++
 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt        |  399 +++++++
 MAINTAINERS                                   |    9 +
 drivers/vfio/Kconfig                          |    1 +
 drivers/vfio/Makefile                         |    1 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig                     |   17 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile                    |    5 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c                 |  388 +++++++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c               |  122 ++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h              |   41 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c                |  286 +++++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c                 |  167 +++
 drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c                   |   83 +-
 drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c  |   31 +-
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c                           |  334 +++++-
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c               |  831 ++++++++++++--
 include/linux/mdev.h                          |  176 +++
 include/linux/vfio.h                          |   32 +-
 include/uapi/linux/vfio.h                     |   10 +
 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile                    |   13 +
 samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c                      | 1503 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 21 files changed, 4342 insertions(+), 218 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev
 create mode 100644 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/mdev.h
 create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
 create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c

-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 01/22] vfio: Mediated device Core driver
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  6:40   ` Tian, Kevin
       [not found]   ` <20161108092552.GA2090@bjsdjshi@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 02/22] vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (21 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 2 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Design for Mediated Device Driver:
Main purpose of this driver is to provide a common interface for mediated
device management that can be used by different drivers of different
devices.

This module provides a generic interface to create the device, add it to
mediated bus, add device to IOMMU group and then add it to vfio group.

Below is the high Level block diagram, with Nvidia, Intel and IBM devices
as example, since these are the devices which are going to actively use
this module as of now.

 +---------------+
 |               |
 | +-----------+ |  mdev_register_driver() +--------------+
 | |           | +<------------------------+ __init()     |
 | |  mdev     | |                         |              |
 | |  bus      | +------------------------>+              |<-> VFIO user
 | |  driver   | |     probe()/remove()    | vfio_mdev.ko |    APIs
 | |           | |                         |              |
 | +-----------+ |                         +--------------+
 |               |
 |  MDEV CORE    |
 |   MODULE      |
 |   mdev.ko     |
 | +-----------+ |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
 | |           | +<------------------------+              |
 | |           | |                         |  nvidia.ko   |<-> physical
 | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
 | |           | |        callback         +--------------+
 | | Physical  | |
 | |  device   | |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
 | | interface | |<------------------------+              |
 | |           | |                         |  i915.ko     |<-> physical
 | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
 | |           | |        callback         +--------------+
 | |           | |
 | |           | |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
 | |           | +<------------------------+              |
 | |           | |                         | ccw_device.ko|<-> physical
 | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
 | |           | |        callback         +--------------+
 | +-----------+ |
 +---------------+

Core driver provides two types of registration interfaces:
1. Registration interface for mediated bus driver:

/**
  * struct mdev_driver - Mediated device's driver
  * @name: driver name
  * @probe: called when new device created
  * @remove:called when device removed
  * @driver:device driver structure
  *
  **/
struct mdev_driver {
         const char *name;
         int  (*probe)  (struct device *dev);
         void (*remove) (struct device *dev);
         struct device_driver    driver;
};

Mediated bus driver for mdev device should use this interface to register
and unregister with core driver respectively:

int  mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv, struct module *owner);
void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv);

Mediated bus driver is responsible to add/delete mediated devices to/from
VFIO group when devices are bound and unbound to the driver.

2. Physical device driver interface
This interface provides vendor driver the set APIs to manage physical
device related work in its driver. APIs are :

* dev_attr_groups: attributes of the parent device.
* mdev_attr_groups: attributes of the mediated device.
* supported_type_groups: attributes to define supported type. This is
			 mandatory field.
* create: to allocate basic resources in vendor driver for a mediated
         device. This is mandatory to be provided by vendor driver.
* remove: to free resources in vendor driver when mediated device is
         destroyed. This is mandatory to be provided by vendor driver.
* open: open callback of mediated device
* release: release callback of mediated device
* read : read emulation callback.
* write: write emulation callback.
* ioctl: ioctl callback.
* mmap: mmap emulation callback.

Drivers should use these interfaces to register and unregister device to
mdev core driver respectively:

extern int  mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
                                 const struct parent_ops *ops);
extern void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev);

There are no locks to serialize above callbacks in mdev driver and
vfio_mdev driver. If required, vendor driver can have locks to serialize
above APIs in their driver.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I73a5084574270b14541c529461ea2f03c292d510
---
 drivers/vfio/Kconfig             |   1 +
 drivers/vfio/Makefile            |   1 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig        |  10 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile       |   4 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c    | 388 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c  | 122 ++++++++++++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h |  41 +++++
 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c   | 286 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mdev.h             | 167 +++++++++++++++++
 9 files changed, 1020 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/mdev.h

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
index da6e2ce77495..23eced02aaf6 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
@@ -48,4 +48,5 @@ menuconfig VFIO_NOIOMMU
 
 source "drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig"
 source "drivers/vfio/platform/Kconfig"
+source "drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig"
 source "virt/lib/Kconfig"
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
index 7b8a31f63fea..4a23c13b6be4 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
@@ -7,3 +7,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE) += vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_SPAPR_EEH) += vfio_spapr_eeh.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI) += pci/
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PLATFORM) += platform/
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev/
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..303c14ce2847
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+
+config VFIO_MDEV
+    tristate "Mediated device driver framework"
+    depends on VFIO
+    default n
+    help
+        Provides a framework to virtualize devices.
+	See Documentation/vfio-mdev/vfio-mediated-device.txt for more details.
+
+        If you don't know what do here, say N.
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..31bc04801d94
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+
+mdev-y := mdev_core.o mdev_sysfs.o mdev_driver.o
+
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev.o
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..54c59f325336
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
@@ -0,0 +1,388 @@
+/*
+ * Mediated device Core Driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
+ *	       Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "mdev_private.h"
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION		"0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR		"NVIDIA Corporation"
+#define DRIVER_DESC		"Mediated device Core Driver"
+
+static LIST_HEAD(parent_list);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(parent_list_lock);
+static struct class_compat *mdev_bus_compat_class;
+
+static int _find_mdev_device(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev;
+
+	if (!dev_is_mdev(dev))
+		return 0;
+
+	mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+
+	if (uuid_le_cmp(mdev->uuid, *(uuid_le *)data) == 0)
+		return 1;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static bool mdev_device_exist(struct parent_device *parent, uuid_le uuid)
+{
+	struct device *dev;
+
+	dev = device_find_child(parent->dev, &uuid, _find_mdev_device);
+	if (dev) {
+		put_device(dev);
+		return true;
+	}
+
+	return false;
+}
+
+/* Should be called holding parent_list_lock */
+static struct parent_device *__find_parent_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct parent_device *parent;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(parent, &parent_list, next) {
+		if (parent->dev == dev)
+			return parent;
+	}
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void mdev_release_parent(struct kref *kref)
+{
+	struct parent_device *parent = container_of(kref, struct parent_device,
+						    ref);
+	struct device *dev = parent->dev;
+
+	kfree(parent);
+	put_device(dev);
+}
+
+static
+inline struct parent_device *mdev_get_parent(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+	if (parent)
+		kref_get(&parent->ref);
+
+	return parent;
+}
+
+static inline void mdev_put_parent(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+	if (parent)
+		kref_put(&parent->ref, mdev_release_parent);
+}
+
+static int mdev_device_create_ops(struct kobject *kobj,
+				  struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = parent->ops->create(kobj, mdev);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = sysfs_create_groups(&mdev->dev.kobj,
+				  parent->ops->mdev_attr_groups);
+	if (ret)
+		parent->ops->remove(mdev);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * mdev_device_remove_ops gets called from sysfs's 'remove' and when parent
+ * device is being unregistered from mdev device framework.
+ * - 'force_remove' is set to 'false' when called from sysfs's 'remove' which
+ *   indicates that if the mdev device is active, used by VMM or userspace
+ *   application, vendor driver could return error then don't remove the device.
+ * - 'force_remove' is set to 'true' when called from mdev_unregister_device()
+ *   which indicate that parent device is being removed from mdev device
+ *   framework so remove mdev device forcefully.
+ */
+static int mdev_device_remove_ops(struct mdev_device *mdev, bool force_remove)
+{
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+	int ret;
+
+	/*
+	 * Vendor driver can return error if VMM or userspace application is
+	 * using this mdev device.
+	 */
+	ret = parent->ops->remove(mdev);
+	if (ret && !force_remove)
+		return -EBUSY;
+
+	sysfs_remove_groups(&mdev->dev.kobj, parent->ops->mdev_attr_groups);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int mdev_device_remove_cb(struct device *dev, void *data)
+{
+	if (!dev_is_mdev(dev))
+		return 0;
+
+	return mdev_device_remove(dev, data ? *(bool *)data : true);
+}
+
+/*
+ * mdev_register_device : Register a device
+ * @dev: device structure representing parent device.
+ * @ops: Parent device operation structure to be registered.
+ *
+ * Add device to list of registered parent devices.
+ * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0.
+ */
+int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct parent_ops *ops)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct parent_device *parent;
+
+	/* check for mandatory ops */
+	if (!ops || !ops->create || !ops->remove || !ops->supported_type_groups)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	dev = get_device(dev);
+	if (!dev)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&parent_list_lock);
+
+	/* Check for duplicate */
+	parent = __find_parent_device(dev);
+	if (parent) {
+		ret = -EEXIST;
+		goto add_dev_err;
+	}
+
+	parent = kzalloc(sizeof(*parent), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!parent) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto add_dev_err;
+	}
+
+	kref_init(&parent->ref);
+	mutex_init(&parent->lock);
+
+	parent->dev = dev;
+	parent->ops = ops;
+
+	if (!mdev_bus_compat_class) {
+		mdev_bus_compat_class = class_compat_register("mdev_bus");
+		if (!mdev_bus_compat_class) {
+			ret = -ENOMEM;
+			goto add_dev_err;
+		}
+	}
+
+	ret = parent_create_sysfs_files(parent);
+	if (ret)
+		goto add_dev_err;
+
+	ret = class_compat_create_link(mdev_bus_compat_class, dev, NULL);
+	if (ret)
+		dev_warn(dev, "Failed to create compatibility class link\n");
+
+	list_add(&parent->next, &parent_list);
+	mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+
+	dev_info(dev, "MDEV: Registered\n");
+	return 0;
+
+add_dev_err:
+	mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+	if (parent)
+		mdev_put_parent(parent);
+	else
+		put_device(dev);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_register_device);
+
+/*
+ * mdev_unregister_device : Unregister a parent device
+ * @dev: device structure representing parent device.
+ *
+ * Remove device from list of registered parent devices. Give a chance to free
+ * existing mediated devices for given device.
+ */
+
+void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct parent_device *parent;
+	bool force_remove = true;
+
+	mutex_lock(&parent_list_lock);
+	parent = __find_parent_device(dev);
+
+	if (!parent) {
+		mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+		return;
+	}
+	dev_info(dev, "MDEV: Unregistering\n");
+
+	list_del(&parent->next);
+	class_compat_remove_link(mdev_bus_compat_class, dev, NULL);
+
+	device_for_each_child(dev, (void *)&force_remove,
+			      mdev_device_remove_cb);
+
+	parent_remove_sysfs_files(parent);
+
+	mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
+	mdev_put_parent(parent);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_unregister_device);
+
+static void mdev_device_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+
+	dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: destroying\n");
+	kfree(mdev);
+}
+
+int mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct mdev_device *mdev;
+	struct parent_device *parent;
+	struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
+
+	parent = mdev_get_parent(type->parent);
+	if (!parent)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&parent->lock);
+
+	/* Check for duplicate */
+	if (mdev_device_exist(parent, uuid)) {
+		ret = -EEXIST;
+		goto create_err;
+	}
+
+	mdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*mdev), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!mdev) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto create_err;
+	}
+
+	memcpy(&mdev->uuid, &uuid, sizeof(uuid_le));
+	mdev->parent = parent;
+	kref_init(&mdev->ref);
+
+	mdev->dev.parent  = dev;
+	mdev->dev.bus     = &mdev_bus_type;
+	mdev->dev.release = mdev_device_release;
+	dev_set_name(&mdev->dev, "%pUl", uuid.b);
+
+	ret = device_register(&mdev->dev);
+	if (ret) {
+		put_device(&mdev->dev);
+		goto create_err;
+	}
+
+	ret = mdev_device_create_ops(kobj, mdev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto create_failed;
+
+	ret = mdev_create_sysfs_files(&mdev->dev, type);
+	if (ret) {
+		mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, true);
+		goto create_failed;
+	}
+
+	mdev->type_kobj = kobj;
+	dev_dbg(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: created\n");
+
+	mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
+	return ret;
+
+create_failed:
+	device_unregister(&mdev->dev);
+
+create_err:
+	mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
+	mdev_put_parent(parent);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev;
+	struct parent_device *parent;
+	struct mdev_type *type;
+	int ret;
+
+	mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+	type = to_mdev_type(mdev->type_kobj);
+	parent = mdev->parent;
+	mutex_lock(&parent->lock);
+
+	ret = mdev_device_remove_ops(mdev, force_remove);
+	if (ret) {
+		mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	mdev_remove_sysfs_files(dev, type);
+	device_unregister(dev);
+	mutex_unlock(&parent->lock);
+	mdev_put_parent(parent);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int __init mdev_init(void)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = mdev_bus_register();
+	if (ret) {
+		pr_err("Failed to register mdev bus\n");
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Attempt to load known vfio_mdev.  This gives us a working environment
+	 * without the user needing to explicitly load vfio_mdev driver.
+	 */
+	request_module_nowait("vfio_mdev");
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void __exit mdev_exit(void)
+{
+	if (mdev_bus_compat_class)
+		class_compat_unregister(mdev_bus_compat_class);
+
+	mdev_bus_unregister();
+}
+
+module_init(mdev_init)
+module_exit(mdev_exit)
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0b3250044a80
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+/*
+ * MDEV driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
+ *	       Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "mdev_private.h"
+
+static int mdev_attach_iommu(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct iommu_group *group;
+
+	group = iommu_group_alloc();
+	if (IS_ERR(group))
+		return PTR_ERR(group);
+
+	ret = iommu_group_add_device(group, &mdev->dev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto attach_fail;
+
+	dev_info(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: group_id = %d\n",
+				 iommu_group_id(group));
+attach_fail:
+	iommu_group_put(group);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void mdev_detach_iommu(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	iommu_group_remove_device(&mdev->dev);
+	dev_info(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: detaching iommu\n");
+}
+
+static int mdev_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct mdev_driver *drv = to_mdev_driver(dev->driver);
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = mdev_attach_iommu(mdev);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (drv && drv->probe)
+		ret = drv->probe(dev);
+
+	if (ret)
+		mdev_detach_iommu(mdev);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct mdev_driver *drv = to_mdev_driver(dev->driver);
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+
+	if (drv && drv->remove)
+		drv->remove(dev);
+
+	mdev_detach_iommu(mdev);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+struct bus_type mdev_bus_type = {
+	.name		= "mdev",
+	.probe		= mdev_probe,
+	.remove		= mdev_remove,
+};
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mdev_bus_type);
+
+/*
+ * mdev_register_driver - register a new MDEV driver
+ * @drv: the driver to register
+ * @owner: module owner of driver to be registered
+ *
+ * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0.
+ */
+int mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv, struct module *owner)
+{
+	/* initialize common driver fields */
+	drv->driver.name = drv->name;
+	drv->driver.bus = &mdev_bus_type;
+	drv->driver.owner = owner;
+
+	/* register with core */
+	return driver_register(&drv->driver);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_register_driver);
+
+/*
+ * mdev_unregister_driver - unregister MDEV driver
+ * @drv: the driver to unregister
+ *
+ */
+void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv)
+{
+	driver_unregister(&drv->driver);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_unregister_driver);
+
+int mdev_bus_register(void)
+{
+	return bus_register(&mdev_bus_type);
+}
+
+void mdev_bus_unregister(void)
+{
+	bus_unregister(&mdev_bus_type);
+}
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..000c93fcfdbd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+/*
+ * Mediated device interal definitions
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
+ *	       Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef MDEV_PRIVATE_H
+#define MDEV_PRIVATE_H
+
+int  mdev_bus_register(void);
+void mdev_bus_unregister(void);
+
+struct mdev_type {
+	struct kobject kobj;
+	struct kobject *devices_kobj;
+	struct parent_device *parent;
+	struct list_head next;
+	struct attribute_group *group;
+};
+
+#define to_mdev_type_attr(_attr)	\
+	container_of(_attr, struct mdev_type_attribute, attr)
+#define to_mdev_type(_kobj)		\
+	container_of(_kobj, struct mdev_type, kobj)
+
+int  parent_create_sysfs_files(struct parent_device *parent);
+void parent_remove_sysfs_files(struct parent_device *parent);
+
+int  mdev_create_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct mdev_type *type);
+void mdev_remove_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct mdev_type *type);
+
+int  mdev_device_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, uuid_le uuid);
+int  mdev_device_remove(struct device *dev, bool force_remove);
+
+#endif /* MDEV_PRIVATE_H */
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d808a41e4f68
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@
+/*
+ * File attributes for Mediated devices
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
+ *	       Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "mdev_private.h"
+
+/* Static functions */
+
+static ssize_t mdev_type_attr_show(struct kobject *kobj,
+				     struct attribute *__attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct mdev_type_attribute *attr = to_mdev_type_attr(__attr);
+	struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
+	ssize_t ret = -EIO;
+
+	if (attr->show)
+		ret = attr->show(kobj, type->parent->dev, buf);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t mdev_type_attr_store(struct kobject *kobj,
+				      struct attribute *__attr,
+				      const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	struct mdev_type_attribute *attr = to_mdev_type_attr(__attr);
+	struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
+	ssize_t ret = -EIO;
+
+	if (attr->store)
+		ret = attr->store(&type->kobj, type->parent->dev, buf, count);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct sysfs_ops mdev_type_sysfs_ops = {
+	.show = mdev_type_attr_show,
+	.store = mdev_type_attr_store,
+};
+
+static ssize_t create_store(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+			    const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	char *str;
+	uuid_le uuid;
+	int ret;
+
+	if ((count < UUID_STRING_LEN) || (count > UUID_STRING_LEN + 1))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	str = kstrndup(buf, count, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!str)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	ret = uuid_le_to_bin(str, &uuid);
+	kfree(str);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = mdev_device_create(kobj, dev, uuid);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	return count;
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_WO(create);
+
+static void mdev_type_release(struct kobject *kobj)
+{
+	struct mdev_type *type = to_mdev_type(kobj);
+
+	pr_debug("Releasing group %s\n", kobj->name);
+	kfree(type);
+}
+
+static struct kobj_type mdev_type_ktype = {
+	.sysfs_ops = &mdev_type_sysfs_ops,
+	.release = mdev_type_release,
+};
+
+struct mdev_type *add_mdev_supported_type(struct parent_device *parent,
+					  struct attribute_group *group)
+{
+	struct mdev_type *type;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!group->name) {
+		pr_err("%s: Type name empty!\n", __func__);
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+	}
+
+	type = kzalloc(sizeof(*type), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!type)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	type->kobj.kset = parent->mdev_types_kset;
+
+	ret = kobject_init_and_add(&type->kobj, &mdev_type_ktype, NULL,
+				   "%s-%s", dev_driver_string(parent->dev),
+				   group->name);
+	if (ret) {
+		kfree(type);
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
+	}
+
+	ret = sysfs_create_file(&type->kobj, &mdev_type_attr_create.attr);
+	if (ret)
+		goto attr_create_failed;
+
+	type->devices_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("devices", &type->kobj);
+	if (!type->devices_kobj) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto attr_devices_failed;
+	}
+
+	ret = sysfs_create_files(&type->kobj,
+				 (const struct attribute **)group->attrs);
+	if (ret) {
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto attrs_failed;
+	}
+
+	type->group = group;
+	type->parent = parent;
+	return type;
+
+attrs_failed:
+	kobject_put(type->devices_kobj);
+attr_devices_failed:
+	sysfs_remove_file(&type->kobj, &mdev_type_attr_create.attr);
+attr_create_failed:
+	kobject_del(&type->kobj);
+	kobject_put(&type->kobj);
+	return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+
+static void remove_mdev_supported_type(struct mdev_type *type)
+{
+	sysfs_remove_files(&type->kobj,
+			   (const struct attribute **)type->group->attrs);
+	kobject_put(type->devices_kobj);
+	sysfs_remove_file(&type->kobj, &mdev_type_attr_create.attr);
+	kobject_del(&type->kobj);
+	kobject_put(&type->kobj);
+}
+
+static int add_mdev_supported_type_groups(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; parent->ops->supported_type_groups[i]; i++) {
+		struct mdev_type *type;
+
+		type = add_mdev_supported_type(parent,
+					parent->ops->supported_type_groups[i]);
+		if (IS_ERR(type)) {
+			struct mdev_type *ltype, *tmp;
+
+			list_for_each_entry_safe(ltype, tmp, &parent->type_list,
+						  next) {
+				list_del(&ltype->next);
+				remove_mdev_supported_type(ltype);
+			}
+			return PTR_ERR(type);
+		}
+		list_add(&type->next, &parent->type_list);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* mdev sysfs Functions */
+void parent_remove_sysfs_files(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+	struct mdev_type *type, *tmp;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(type, tmp, &parent->type_list, next) {
+		list_del(&type->next);
+		remove_mdev_supported_type(type);
+	}
+
+	sysfs_remove_groups(&parent->dev->kobj, parent->ops->dev_attr_groups);
+	kset_unregister(parent->mdev_types_kset);
+}
+
+int parent_create_sysfs_files(struct parent_device *parent)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	parent->mdev_types_kset = kset_create_and_add("mdev_supported_types",
+					       NULL, &parent->dev->kobj);
+
+	if (!parent->mdev_types_kset)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&parent->type_list);
+
+	ret = sysfs_create_groups(&parent->dev->kobj,
+				  parent->ops->dev_attr_groups);
+	if (ret)
+		goto create_err;
+
+	ret = add_mdev_supported_type_groups(parent);
+	if (ret)
+		sysfs_remove_groups(&parent->dev->kobj,
+				    parent->ops->dev_attr_groups);
+	else
+		return ret;
+
+create_err:
+	kset_unregister(parent->mdev_types_kset);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static ssize_t remove_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+			    const char *buf, size_t count)
+{
+	unsigned long val;
+
+	if (kstrtoul(buf, 0, &val) < 0)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (val && device_remove_file_self(dev, attr)) {
+		int ret;
+
+		ret = mdev_device_remove(dev, false);
+		if (ret) {
+			device_create_file(dev, attr);
+			return ret;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return count;
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(remove);
+
+static const struct attribute *mdev_device_attrs[] = {
+	&dev_attr_remove.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+int  mdev_create_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct mdev_type *type)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = sysfs_create_files(&dev->kobj, mdev_device_attrs);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	ret = sysfs_create_link(type->devices_kobj, &dev->kobj, dev_name(dev));
+	if (ret)
+		goto device_link_failed;
+
+	ret = sysfs_create_link(&dev->kobj, &type->kobj, "mdev_type");
+	if (ret)
+		goto type_link_failed;
+
+	return ret;
+
+type_link_failed:
+	sysfs_remove_link(type->devices_kobj, dev_name(dev));
+device_link_failed:
+	sysfs_remove_files(&dev->kobj, mdev_device_attrs);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+void mdev_remove_sysfs_files(struct device *dev, struct mdev_type *type)
+{
+	sysfs_remove_link(&dev->kobj, "mdev_type");
+	sysfs_remove_link(type->devices_kobj, dev_name(dev));
+	sysfs_remove_files(&dev->kobj, mdev_device_attrs);
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0352febc1944
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/mdev.h
@@ -0,0 +1,167 @@
+/*
+ * Mediated device definition
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
+ *	       Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#ifndef MDEV_H
+#define MDEV_H
+
+/* Parent Device */
+struct parent_device {
+	struct device		*dev;
+	const struct parent_ops	*ops;
+
+	/* internal */
+	struct kref		ref;
+	struct mutex		lock;
+	struct list_head	next;
+	struct kset		*mdev_types_kset;
+	struct list_head	type_list;
+};
+
+/* Mediated device */
+struct mdev_device {
+	struct device		dev;
+	struct parent_device	*parent;
+	uuid_le			uuid;
+	void			*driver_data;
+
+	/* internal */
+	struct kref		ref;
+	struct list_head	next;
+	struct kobject		*type_kobj;
+};
+
+
+/**
+ * struct parent_ops - Structure to be registered for each parent device to
+ * register the device to mdev module.
+ *
+ * @owner:		The module owner.
+ * @dev_attr_groups:	Attributes of the parent device.
+ * @mdev_attr_groups:	Attributes of the mediated device.
+ * @supported_type_groups: Attributes to define supported types. It is mandatory
+ *			to provide supported types.
+ * @create:		Called to allocate basic resources in parent device's
+ *			driver for a particular mediated device. It is
+ *			mandatory to provide create ops.
+ *			@kobj: kobject of type for which 'create' is called.
+ *			@mdev: mdev_device structure on of mediated device
+ *			      that is being created
+ *			Returns integer: success (0) or error (< 0)
+ * @remove:		Called to free resources in parent device's driver for a
+ *			a mediated device. It is mandatory to provide 'remove'
+ *			ops.
+ *			@mdev: mdev_device device structure which is being
+ *			       destroyed
+ *			Returns integer: success (0) or error (< 0)
+ * @open:		Open mediated device.
+ *			@mdev: mediated device.
+ *			Returns integer: success (0) or error (< 0)
+ * @release:		release mediated device
+ *			@mdev: mediated device.
+ * @read:		Read emulation callback
+ *			@mdev: mediated device structure
+ *			@buf: read buffer
+ *			@count: number of bytes to read
+ *			@ppos: address.
+ *			Retuns number on bytes read on success or error.
+ * @write:		Write emulation callback
+ *			@mdev: mediated device structure
+ *			@buf: write buffer
+ *			@count: number of bytes to be written
+ *			@ppos: address.
+ *			Retuns number on bytes written on success or error.
+ * @ioctl:		IOCTL callback
+ *			@mdev: mediated device structure
+ *			@cmd: mediated device structure
+ *			@arg: mediated device structure
+ * @mmap:		mmap callback
+ * Parent device that support mediated device should be registered with mdev
+ * module with parent_ops structure.
+ **/
+
+struct parent_ops {
+	struct module   *owner;
+	const struct attribute_group **dev_attr_groups;
+	const struct attribute_group **mdev_attr_groups;
+	struct attribute_group **supported_type_groups;
+
+	int     (*create)(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev);
+	int     (*remove)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
+	int     (*open)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
+	void    (*release)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
+	ssize_t (*read)(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
+			size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
+	ssize_t (*write)(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
+			 size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
+	ssize_t (*ioctl)(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
+			 unsigned long arg);
+	int	(*mmap)(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+};
+
+/* interface for exporting mdev supported type attributes */
+struct mdev_type_attribute {
+	struct attribute attr;
+	ssize_t (*show)(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf);
+	ssize_t (*store)(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+			 const char *buf, size_t count);
+};
+
+#define MDEV_TYPE_ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store)		\
+struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name =		\
+	__ATTR(_name, _mode, _show, _store)
+#define MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RW(_name) \
+	struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RW(_name)
+#define MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(_name) \
+	struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name = __ATTR_RO(_name)
+#define MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_WO(_name) \
+	struct mdev_type_attribute mdev_type_attr_##_name = __ATTR_WO(_name)
+
+/**
+ * struct mdev_driver - Mediated device driver
+ * @name: driver name
+ * @probe: called when new device created
+ * @remove: called when device removed
+ * @driver: device driver structure
+ *
+ **/
+struct mdev_driver {
+	const char *name;
+	int  (*probe)(struct device *dev);
+	void (*remove)(struct device *dev);
+	struct device_driver driver;
+};
+
+#define to_mdev_driver(drv)	container_of(drv, struct mdev_driver, driver)
+#define to_mdev_device(dev)	container_of(dev, struct mdev_device, dev)
+
+static inline void *mdev_get_drvdata(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	return mdev->driver_data;
+}
+
+static inline void mdev_set_drvdata(struct mdev_device *mdev, void *data)
+{
+	mdev->driver_data = data;
+}
+
+extern struct bus_type mdev_bus_type;
+
+#define dev_is_mdev(d) ((d)->bus == &mdev_bus_type)
+
+extern int  mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
+				 const struct parent_ops *ops);
+extern void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev);
+
+extern int  mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv, struct module *owner);
+extern void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv);
+
+#endif /* MDEV_H */
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 02/22] vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 01/22] vfio: Mediated device Core driver Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 03/22] vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (20 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

vfio_mdev driver registers with mdev core driver.
mdev core driver creates mediated device and calls probe routine of
vfio_mdev driver for each device.
Probe routine of vfio_mdev driver adds mediated device to VFIO core module

This driver forms a shim layer that pass through VFIO devices operations
to vendor driver for mediated devices.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I583f4734752971d3d112324d69e2508c88f359ec
---
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig     |   9 ++-
 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile    |   1 +
 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c | 148 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 157 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
index 303c14ce2847..79c9cface7b1 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
@@ -5,6 +5,13 @@ config VFIO_MDEV
     default n
     help
         Provides a framework to virtualize devices.
-	See Documentation/vfio-mdev/vfio-mediated-device.txt for more details.
+	See Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt for more details.
 
         If you don't know what do here, say N.
+
+config VFIO_MDEV_DEVICE
+    tristate "VFIO support for Mediated devices"
+    depends on VFIO && VFIO_MDEV
+    default n
+    help
+        VFIO based driver for mediated devices.
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
index 31bc04801d94..fa2d5ea466ee 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
@@ -2,3 +2,4 @@
 mdev-y := mdev_core.o mdev_sysfs.o mdev_driver.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV_DEVICE) += vfio_mdev.o
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bb534d19e321
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
@@ -0,0 +1,148 @@
+/*
+ * VFIO based driver for Mediated device
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
+ *	       Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+
+#include "mdev_private.h"
+
+#define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "NVIDIA Corporation"
+#define DRIVER_DESC     "VFIO based driver for Mediated device"
+
+static int vfio_mdev_open(void *device_data)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->open))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!try_module_get(THIS_MODULE))
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	ret = parent->ops->open(mdev);
+	if (ret)
+		module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void vfio_mdev_release(void *device_data)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+
+	if (likely(parent->ops->release))
+		parent->ops->release(mdev);
+
+	module_put(THIS_MODULE);
+}
+
+static long vfio_mdev_unlocked_ioctl(void *device_data,
+				     unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+
+	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->ioctl))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return parent->ops->ioctl(mdev, cmd, arg);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_mdev_read(void *device_data, char __user *buf,
+			      size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+
+	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->read))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return parent->ops->read(mdev, buf, count, ppos);
+}
+
+static ssize_t vfio_mdev_write(void *device_data, const char __user *buf,
+			       size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+
+	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->write))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return parent->ops->write(mdev, buf, count, ppos);
+}
+
+static int vfio_mdev_mmap(void *device_data, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+
+	if (unlikely(!parent->ops->mmap))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return parent->ops->mmap(mdev, vma);
+}
+
+static const struct vfio_device_ops vfio_mdev_dev_ops = {
+	.name		= "vfio-mdev",
+	.open		= vfio_mdev_open,
+	.release	= vfio_mdev_release,
+	.ioctl		= vfio_mdev_unlocked_ioctl,
+	.read		= vfio_mdev_read,
+	.write		= vfio_mdev_write,
+	.mmap		= vfio_mdev_mmap,
+};
+
+int vfio_mdev_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+
+	return vfio_add_group_dev(dev, &vfio_mdev_dev_ops, mdev);
+}
+
+void vfio_mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
+{
+	vfio_del_group_dev(dev);
+}
+
+struct mdev_driver vfio_mdev_driver = {
+	.name	= "vfio_mdev",
+	.probe	= vfio_mdev_probe,
+	.remove	= vfio_mdev_remove,
+};
+
+static int __init vfio_mdev_init(void)
+{
+	return mdev_register_driver(&vfio_mdev_driver, THIS_MODULE);
+}
+
+static void __exit vfio_mdev_exit(void)
+{
+	mdev_unregister_driver(&vfio_mdev_driver);
+}
+
+module_init(vfio_mdev_init)
+module_exit(vfio_mdev_exit)
+
+MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 03/22] vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 01/22] vfio: Mediated device Core driver Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 02/22] vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 04/22] vfio: Common function to increment container_users Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (19 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

This patch rearranges functions to get vfio_group from device

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I1f93262bdbab75094bc24b087b29da35ba70c4c6
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c | 23 ++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
index d1d70e0b011b..23bc86c1d05d 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -480,6 +480,21 @@ static struct vfio_group *vfio_group_get_from_minor(int minor)
 	return group;
 }
 
+static struct vfio_group *vfio_group_get_from_dev(struct device *dev)
+{
+	struct iommu_group *iommu_group;
+	struct vfio_group *group;
+
+	iommu_group = iommu_group_get(dev);
+	if (!iommu_group)
+		return NULL;
+
+	group = vfio_group_get_from_iommu(iommu_group);
+	iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+
+	return group;
+}
+
 /**
  * Device objects - create, release, get, put, search
  */
@@ -811,16 +826,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_add_group_dev);
  */
 struct vfio_device *vfio_device_get_from_dev(struct device *dev)
 {
-	struct iommu_group *iommu_group;
 	struct vfio_group *group;
 	struct vfio_device *device;
 
-	iommu_group = iommu_group_get(dev);
-	if (!iommu_group)
-		return NULL;
-
-	group = vfio_group_get_from_iommu(iommu_group);
-	iommu_group_put(iommu_group);
+	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
 	if (!group)
 		return NULL;
 
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 04/22] vfio: Common function to increment container_users
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 03/22] vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (18 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

This change rearrange functions to have common function to increment
container_users

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I8bdeb352bc8439b107ffd519480fd4dc238677f2
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c | 34 +++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
index 23bc86c1d05d..2e83bdf007fe 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -1385,6 +1385,23 @@ static bool vfio_group_viable(struct vfio_group *group)
 					 group, vfio_dev_viable) == 0);
 }
 
+static int vfio_group_add_container_user(struct vfio_group *group)
+{
+	if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&group->container_users))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (group->noiommu) {
+		atomic_dec(&group->container_users);
+		return -EPERM;
+	}
+	if (!group->container->iommu_driver || !vfio_group_viable(group)) {
+		atomic_dec(&group->container_users);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static const struct file_operations vfio_device_fops;
 
 static int vfio_group_get_device_fd(struct vfio_group *group, char *buf)
@@ -1694,23 +1711,14 @@ static const struct file_operations vfio_device_fops = {
 struct vfio_group *vfio_group_get_external_user(struct file *filep)
 {
 	struct vfio_group *group = filep->private_data;
+	int ret;
 
 	if (filep->f_op != &vfio_group_fops)
 		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
 
-	if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&group->container_users))
-		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
-
-	if (group->noiommu) {
-		atomic_dec(&group->container_users);
-		return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
-	}
-
-	if (!group->container->iommu_driver ||
-			!vfio_group_viable(group)) {
-		atomic_dec(&group->container_users);
-		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
-	}
+	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
+	if (ret)
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
 
 	vfio_group_get(group);
 
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 04/22] vfio: Common function to increment container_users Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07 19:36   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 06/22] vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (17 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Added two new callback functions to struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops. Backend
IOMMU module that supports pining and unpinning pages for mdev devices
should provide these functions.
Added APIs for pining and unpining pages to VFIO module. These calls back
into backend iommu module to actually pin and unpin pages.
Renamed static functions in vfio_type1_iommu.c to resolve conflicts

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: Ia7417723aaae86bec2959ad9ae6c2915ddd340e0
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c             | 96 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 20 ++++-----
 include/linux/vfio.h            | 14 +++++-
 3 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
index 2e83bdf007fe..76d260e98930 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -1799,6 +1799,102 @@ void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
 
+
+/*
+ * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
+ * domain only.
+ * @dev [in] : device
+ * @user_pfn [in]: array of user/guest PFNs
+ * @npage [in]: count of array elements
+ * @prot [in] : protection flags
+ * @phys_pfn[out] : array of host PFNs
+ * Return error or number of pages pinned.
+ */
+int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+		   int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn)
+{
+	struct vfio_container *container;
+	struct vfio_group *group;
+	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!dev || !user_pfn || !phys_pfn)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
+	if (IS_ERR(group))
+		return PTR_ERR(group);
+
+	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_pin_pages;
+
+	container = group->container;
+	down_read(&container->group_lock);
+
+	driver = container->iommu_driver;
+	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->pin_pages))
+		ret = driver->ops->pin_pages(container->iommu_data, user_pfn,
+					     npage, prot, phys_pfn);
+	else
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	up_read(&container->group_lock);
+	vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
+
+err_pin_pages:
+	vfio_group_put(group);
+	return ret;
+
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_pin_pages);
+
+/*
+ * Unpin set of host PFNs for local domain only.
+ * @dev [in] : device
+ * @user_pfn [in]: array of user/guest PFNs to be unpinned
+ * @pfn [in] : array of host PFNs to be unpinned.
+ * @npage [in] :count of elements in array, that is number of pages.
+ * Return error or number of pages unpinned.
+ */
+int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+		     unsigned long *pfn, int npage)
+{
+	struct vfio_container *container;
+	struct vfio_group *group;
+	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (!dev || !pfn)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
+	if (IS_ERR(group))
+		return PTR_ERR(group);
+
+	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_unpin_pages;
+
+	container = group->container;
+	down_read(&container->group_lock);
+
+	driver = container->iommu_driver;
+	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->unpin_pages))
+		ret = driver->ops->unpin_pages(container->iommu_data, user_pfn,
+					       pfn, npage);
+	else
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	up_read(&container->group_lock);
+	vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
+
+err_unpin_pages:
+	vfio_group_put(group);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unpin_pages);
+
 /**
  * Module/class support
  */
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 2ba19424e4a1..7fb87f008e0a 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -259,8 +259,8 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
  * the iommu can only map chunks of consecutive pfns anyway, so get the
  * first page and all consecutive pages with the same locking.
  */
-static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
-			   int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
+static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
+				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
 {
 	unsigned long limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	bool lock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);
@@ -318,8 +318,8 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 	return i;
 }
 
-static long vfio_unpin_pages(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
-			     int prot, bool do_accounting)
+static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
+				      int prot, bool do_accounting)
 {
 	unsigned long unlocked = 0;
 	long i;
@@ -382,9 +382,9 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
 		if (WARN_ON(!unmapped))
 			break;
 
-		unlocked += vfio_unpin_pages(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
-					     unmapped >> PAGE_SHIFT,
-					     dma->prot, false);
+		unlocked += __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+						      unmapped >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+						      dma->prot, false);
 		iova += unmapped;
 
 		cond_resched();
@@ -613,8 +613,8 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 
 	while (size) {
 		/* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
-		npage = vfio_pin_pages(vaddr + dma->size,
-				       size >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot, &pfn);
+		npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(vaddr + dma->size,
+						size >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot, &pfn);
 		if (npage <= 0) {
 			WARN_ON(!npage);
 			ret = (int)npage;
@@ -624,7 +624,7 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 		/* Map it! */
 		ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage, prot);
 		if (ret) {
-			vfio_unpin_pages(pfn, npage, prot, true);
+			__vfio_unpin_pages_remote(pfn, npage, prot, true);
 			break;
 		}
 
diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
index 0ecae0b1cd34..ba1b64cb7d4b 100644
--- a/include/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
@@ -75,7 +75,13 @@ struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops {
 					struct iommu_group *group);
 	void		(*detach_group)(void *iommu_data,
 					struct iommu_group *group);
-
+	int		(*pin_pages)(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+				     int npage, int prot,
+				     unsigned long *phys_pfn);
+	int		(*unpin_pages)(void *iommu_data,
+				       unsigned long *user_pfn,
+				       unsigned long *pfn,
+				       int npage);
 };
 
 extern int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
@@ -127,6 +133,12 @@ static inline long vfio_spapr_iommu_eeh_ioctl(struct iommu_group *group,
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_EEH */
 
+extern int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+			  int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn);
+
+extern int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+			    unsigned long *pfn, int npage);
+
 /*
  * IRQfd - generic
  */
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 06/22] vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 07/22] vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn() Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (16 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Updated arguments of vfio_lock_acct to take mm structure as input argument

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I5d3673cc9d3786bb436b395d5f74537f1a36da80
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 22 ++++++++++------------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 7fb87f008e0a..02b302d0b7de 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -150,17 +150,16 @@ static void vfio_lock_acct_bg(struct work_struct *work)
 	kfree(vwork);
 }
 
-static void vfio_lock_acct(long npage)
+static void vfio_lock_acct(struct mm_struct *mm, long npage)
 {
 	struct vwork *vwork;
-	struct mm_struct *mm;
 
-	if (!current->mm || !npage)
+	if (!mm || !npage)
 		return; /* process exited or nothing to do */
 
-	if (down_write_trylock(&current->mm->mmap_sem)) {
-		current->mm->locked_vm += npage;
-		up_write(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+	if (down_write_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem)) {
+		mm->locked_vm += npage;
+		up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
 		return;
 	}
 
@@ -172,8 +171,7 @@ static void vfio_lock_acct(long npage)
 	vwork = kmalloc(sizeof(struct vwork), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!vwork)
 		return;
-	mm = get_task_mm(current);
-	if (!mm) {
+	if (!mmget_not_zero(mm)) {
 		kfree(vwork);
 		return;
 	}
@@ -285,7 +283,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 
 	if (unlikely(disable_hugepages)) {
 		if (!rsvd)
-			vfio_lock_acct(1);
+			vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, 1);
 		return 1;
 	}
 
@@ -313,7 +311,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 	}
 
 	if (!rsvd)
-		vfio_lock_acct(i);
+		vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, i);
 
 	return i;
 }
@@ -328,7 +326,7 @@ static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
 		unlocked += put_pfn(pfn++, prot);
 
 	if (do_accounting)
-		vfio_lock_acct(-unlocked);
+		vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, -unlocked);
 
 	return unlocked;
 }
@@ -390,7 +388,7 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
 		cond_resched();
 	}
 
-	vfio_lock_acct(-unlocked);
+	vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, -unlocked);
 }
 
 static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 07/22] vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn()
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 06/22] vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  8:42   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 08/22] vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Update arguments of vaddr_get_pfn() to take struct mm_struct *mm as input
argument.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I885fd4cd4a9f66f4ee2c1caf58267464ec239f52
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 30 +++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 02b302d0b7de..653386e80e85 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -226,20 +226,36 @@ static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
+static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
+			 int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
 {
 	struct page *page[1];
 	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
 	int ret = -EFAULT;
 
-	if (get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, 1, !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE), page) == 1) {
+	if (mm == current->mm)
+		ret = get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, 1, !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE),
+					  page);
+	else {
+		unsigned int flags = 0;
+
+		if (prot & IOMMU_WRITE)
+			flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
+
+		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+		ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, flags, page,
+					    NULL);
+		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	}
+
+	if (ret == 1) {
 		*pfn = page_to_pfn(page[0]);
 		return 0;
 	}
 
-	down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 
-	vma = find_vma_intersection(current->mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
+	vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
 
 	if (vma && vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) {
 		*pfn = ((vaddr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff;
@@ -247,7 +263,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
 			ret = 0;
 	}
 
-	up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
+	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 
 	return ret;
 }
@@ -268,7 +284,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 	if (!current->mm)
 		return -ENODEV;
 
-	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
+	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
@@ -291,7 +307,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 	for (i = 1, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE; i < npage; i++, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
 		unsigned long pfn = 0;
 
-		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(vaddr, prot, &pfn);
+		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, prot, &pfn);
 		if (ret)
 			break;
 
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 08/22] vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 07/22] vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn() Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 09/22] vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Add find_iommu_group()

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I9d372f1ebe9eb01a5a21374b8a2b03f7df73601f
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 1 file changed, 34 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 653386e80e85..422c8d198abb 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -748,11 +748,24 @@ static void vfio_test_domain_fgsp(struct vfio_domain *domain)
 	__free_pages(pages, order);
 }
 
+static struct vfio_group *find_iommu_group(struct vfio_domain *domain,
+				   struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
+{
+	struct vfio_group *g;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(g, &domain->group_list, next) {
+		if (g->iommu_group == iommu_group)
+			return g;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
 static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
 					 struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
 {
 	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
-	struct vfio_group *group, *g;
+	struct vfio_group *group;
 	struct vfio_domain *domain, *d;
 	struct bus_type *bus = NULL;
 	int ret;
@@ -760,10 +773,7 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
 	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
 
 	list_for_each_entry(d, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
-		list_for_each_entry(g, &d->group_list, next) {
-			if (g->iommu_group != iommu_group)
-				continue;
-
+		if (find_iommu_group(d, iommu_group)) {
 			mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
 			return -EINVAL;
 		}
@@ -882,28 +892,28 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
 
 	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
 
+
 	list_for_each_entry(domain, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
-		list_for_each_entry(group, &domain->group_list, next) {
-			if (group->iommu_group != iommu_group)
-				continue;
+		group = find_iommu_group(domain, iommu_group);
+		if (!group)
+			continue;
 
-			iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, iommu_group);
-			list_del(&group->next);
-			kfree(group);
-			/*
-			 * Group ownership provides privilege, if the group
-			 * list is empty, the domain goes away.  If it's the
-			 * last domain, then all the mappings go away too.
-			 */
-			if (list_empty(&domain->group_list)) {
-				if (list_is_singular(&iommu->domain_list))
-					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
-				iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
-				list_del(&domain->next);
-				kfree(domain);
-			}
-			goto done;
+		iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, iommu_group);
+		list_del(&group->next);
+		kfree(group);
+		/*
+		 * Group ownership provides privilege, if the group
+		 * list is empty, the domain goes away.  If it's the
+		 * last domain, then all the mappings go away too.
+		 */
+		if (list_empty(&domain->group_list)) {
+			if (list_is_singular(&iommu->domain_list))
+				vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
+			iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
+			list_del(&domain->next);
+			kfree(domain);
 		}
+		goto done;
 	}
 
 done:
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 09/22] vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 08/22] vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07 21:03   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Add task structure to vfio_dma.
Add address space structure. Each vfio_dma structure points to the address
space of the task who mapped it.
List of address spaces is maintained in vfio_iommu structure.
>From DMA_MAP call if address space already exist in address space list,
vfio_dma points to it. If address space doesn't exist, allocate address
space, save pointer of mm to it and vfio_dma points to it.
Two tasks can share same address space and so we need keep address space
structure different from task in vfio_dma structure. vfio_dma keeps
pointer to its corresponding address space.
During DMA_UNMAP, same task who mapped it or other task who shares same
address space is allowed to unmap, otherwise unmap fails.
QEMU maps few iova ranges initially, then fork threads and from the child
thread calls DMA_UNMAP on previously mapped iova. Since child shares same
address space, DMA_UNMAP is successful.
This address space structure is used to track pages pinned by external
user in later changes.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I7600f1bea6b384fd589fa72421ccf031bcfd9ac5
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 182 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 1 file changed, 134 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 422c8d198abb..8d64528dcc22 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -55,12 +55,20 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_hugepages,
 
 struct vfio_iommu {
 	struct list_head	domain_list;
+	struct list_head	addr_space_list;
 	struct mutex		lock;
 	struct rb_root		dma_list;
 	bool			v2;
 	bool			nesting;
 };
 
+/* address space */
+struct vfio_addr_space {
+	struct mm_struct	*mm;
+	struct list_head	next;
+	atomic_t		ref_count;
+};
+
 struct vfio_domain {
 	struct iommu_domain	*domain;
 	struct list_head	next;
@@ -75,6 +83,9 @@ struct vfio_dma {
 	unsigned long		vaddr;		/* Process virtual addr */
 	size_t			size;		/* Map size (bytes) */
 	int			prot;		/* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
+	struct vfio_addr_space	*addr_space;
+	struct task_struct	*task;
+	bool			mlock_cap;
 };
 
 struct vfio_group {
@@ -130,6 +141,18 @@ static void vfio_unlink_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *old)
 	rb_erase(&old->node, &iommu->dma_list);
 }
 
+static struct vfio_addr_space *vfio_find_addr_space(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+						    struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+	struct vfio_addr_space *as;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(as, &iommu->addr_space_list, next) {
+		if (as->mm == mm)
+			return as;
+	}
+	return NULL;
+}
+
 struct vwork {
 	struct mm_struct	*mm;
 	long			npage;
@@ -273,24 +296,24 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
  * the iommu can only map chunks of consecutive pfns anyway, so get the
  * first page and all consecutive pages with the same locking.
  */
-static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
-				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
+static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
+				    long npage, int prot,
+				    unsigned long *pfn_base)
 {
-	unsigned long limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
-	bool lock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);
+	struct task_struct *task = dma->task;
+	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
+	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
 	long ret, i;
 	bool rsvd;
 
-	if (!current->mm)
-		return -ENODEV;
-
-	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
+	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
 	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
 
-	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && current->mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
+	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
 		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
 		pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
 			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
@@ -299,7 +322,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 
 	if (unlikely(disable_hugepages)) {
 		if (!rsvd)
-			vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, 1);
+			vfio_lock_acct(mm, 1);
 		return 1;
 	}
 
@@ -307,7 +330,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 	for (i = 1, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE; i < npage; i++, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
 		unsigned long pfn = 0;
 
-		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, prot, &pfn);
+		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, &pfn);
 		if (ret)
 			break;
 
@@ -318,7 +341,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 		}
 
 		if (!rsvd && !lock_cap &&
-		    current->mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
+		    mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
 			put_pfn(pfn, prot);
 			pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
 				__func__, limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
@@ -327,13 +350,13 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
 	}
 
 	if (!rsvd)
-		vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, i);
+		vfio_lock_acct(mm, i);
 
 	return i;
 }
 
-static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
-				      int prot, bool do_accounting)
+static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long pfn,
+				      long npage, int prot, bool do_accounting)
 {
 	unsigned long unlocked = 0;
 	long i;
@@ -342,7 +365,7 @@ static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
 		unlocked += put_pfn(pfn++, prot);
 
 	if (do_accounting)
-		vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, -unlocked);
+		vfio_lock_acct(dma->addr_space->mm, -unlocked);
 
 	return unlocked;
 }
@@ -396,7 +419,7 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
 		if (WARN_ON(!unmapped))
 			break;
 
-		unlocked += __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+		unlocked += __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(dma, phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
 						      unmapped >> PAGE_SHIFT,
 						      dma->prot, false);
 		iova += unmapped;
@@ -404,13 +427,20 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
 		cond_resched();
 	}
 
-	vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, -unlocked);
+	vfio_lock_acct(dma->addr_space->mm, -unlocked);
 }
 
 static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
 {
 	vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma);
 	vfio_unlink_dma(iommu, dma);
+
+	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&dma->addr_space->ref_count)) {
+		mmput(dma->addr_space->mm);
+		put_task_struct(dma->task);
+		list_del(&dma->addr_space->next);
+		kfree(dma->addr_space);
+	}
 	kfree(dma);
 }
 
@@ -506,6 +536,12 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 	while ((dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, unmap->iova, unmap->size))) {
 		if (!iommu->v2 && unmap->iova > dma->iova)
 			break;
+		/*
+		 * Task with same address space who mapped this iova range is
+		 * allowed to unmap the iova range.
+		 */
+		if (dma->task->mm != current->mm)
+			break;
 		unmapped += dma->size;
 		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
 	}
@@ -572,17 +608,58 @@ unwind:
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int vfio_pin_map_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
+			    size_t map_size)
+{
+	dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova;
+	unsigned long vaddr = dma->vaddr;
+	size_t size = map_size;
+	long npage;
+	unsigned long pfn;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	while (size) {
+		/* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
+		npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(dma, vaddr + dma->size,
+						size >> PAGE_SHIFT, dma->prot,
+						&pfn);
+		if (npage <= 0) {
+			WARN_ON(!npage);
+			ret = (int)npage;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		/* Map it! */
+		ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage,
+				     dma->prot);
+		if (ret) {
+			__vfio_unpin_pages_remote(dma, pfn, npage, dma->prot,
+						  true);
+			break;
+		}
+
+		size -= npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
+		dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
+	}
+
+	if (ret)
+		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 			   struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map *map)
 {
 	dma_addr_t iova = map->iova;
 	unsigned long vaddr = map->vaddr;
 	size_t size = map->size;
-	long npage;
 	int ret = 0, prot = 0;
 	uint64_t mask;
 	struct vfio_dma *dma;
-	unsigned long pfn;
+	struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space;
+	struct mm_struct *mm;
+	bool free_addr_space_on_err = false;
 
 	/* Verify that none of our __u64 fields overflow */
 	if (map->size != size || map->vaddr != vaddr || map->iova != iova)
@@ -608,47 +685,56 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
 
 	if (vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, size)) {
-		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
-		return -EEXIST;
+		ret = -EEXIST;
+		goto do_map_err;
+	}
+
+	mm = get_task_mm(current);
+	if (!mm) {
+		ret = -ENODEV;
+		goto do_map_err;
+	}
+
+	addr_space = vfio_find_addr_space(iommu, mm);
+	if (addr_space) {
+		atomic_inc(&addr_space->ref_count);
+		mmput(mm);
+	} else {
+		addr_space = kzalloc(sizeof(*addr_space), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!addr_space) {
+			ret = -ENOMEM;
+			goto do_map_err;
+		}
+		addr_space->mm = mm;
+		atomic_set(&addr_space->ref_count, 1);
+		list_add(&addr_space->next, &iommu->addr_space_list);
+		free_addr_space_on_err = true;
 	}
 
 	dma = kzalloc(sizeof(*dma), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!dma) {
-		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
-		return -ENOMEM;
+		if (free_addr_space_on_err) {
+			mmput(mm);
+			list_del(&addr_space->next);
+			kfree(addr_space);
+		}
+		ret = -ENOMEM;
+		goto do_map_err;
 	}
 
 	dma->iova = iova;
 	dma->vaddr = vaddr;
 	dma->prot = prot;
+	dma->addr_space = addr_space;
+	get_task_struct(current);
+	dma->task = current;
+	dma->mlock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);
 
 	/* Insert zero-sized and grow as we map chunks of it */
 	vfio_link_dma(iommu, dma);
 
-	while (size) {
-		/* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
-		npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(vaddr + dma->size,
-						size >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot, &pfn);
-		if (npage <= 0) {
-			WARN_ON(!npage);
-			ret = (int)npage;
-			break;
-		}
-
-		/* Map it! */
-		ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage, prot);
-		if (ret) {
-			__vfio_unpin_pages_remote(pfn, npage, prot, true);
-			break;
-		}
-
-		size -= npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
-		dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
-	}
-
-	if (ret)
-		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
-
+	ret = vfio_pin_map_dma(iommu, dma, size);
+do_map_err:
 	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
 	return ret;
 }
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 09/22] vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07 23:16   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08  6:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 2 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
managed by an IOMMU domain.

Aim of this change is:
- To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
- To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module

This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
backend module. More details:
- vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
  that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
- Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
  pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.
- Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
  remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
- Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
  pages are pinned/unpinned.
-  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
  domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
  container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
  during DMA_MAP.
- Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
  through device.

Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
- GPU pass through only
- vGPU device only
- One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
- Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
  exist
- Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
  exist

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I295d6f0f2e0579b8d9882bfd8fd5a4194b97bd9a
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 538 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 500 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index 8d64528dcc22..e511073446a0 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
 #include <linux/vfio.h>
 #include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
 
 #define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.2"
 #define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
@@ -56,6 +57,7 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_hugepages,
 struct vfio_iommu {
 	struct list_head	domain_list;
 	struct list_head	addr_space_list;
+	struct vfio_domain	*external_domain; /* domain for external user */
 	struct mutex		lock;
 	struct rb_root		dma_list;
 	bool			v2;
@@ -67,6 +69,9 @@ struct vfio_addr_space {
 	struct mm_struct	*mm;
 	struct list_head	next;
 	atomic_t		ref_count;
+	/* external user pinned pfns */
+	struct rb_root		pfn_list;	/* pinned Host pfn list */
+	struct mutex		pfn_list_lock;	/* mutex for pfn_list */
 };
 
 struct vfio_domain {
@@ -83,6 +88,7 @@ struct vfio_dma {
 	unsigned long		vaddr;		/* Process virtual addr */
 	size_t			size;		/* Map size (bytes) */
 	int			prot;		/* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
+	bool			iommu_mapped;
 	struct vfio_addr_space	*addr_space;
 	struct task_struct	*task;
 	bool			mlock_cap;
@@ -94,6 +100,19 @@ struct vfio_group {
 };
 
 /*
+ * Guest RAM pinning working set or DMA target
+ */
+struct vfio_pfn {
+	struct rb_node		node;
+	unsigned long		pfn;		/* Host pfn */
+	int			prot;
+	atomic_t		ref_count;
+};
+
+#define IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)	\
+					(!list_empty(&iommu->domain_list))
+
+/*
  * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
  * into DMA'ble space using the IOMMU
  */
@@ -153,6 +172,93 @@ static struct vfio_addr_space *vfio_find_addr_space(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 	return NULL;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Helper Functions for host pfn list
+ */
+static struct vfio_pfn *vfio_find_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
+				      unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
+	struct rb_node *node = addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
+
+	while (node) {
+		vpfn = rb_entry(node, struct vfio_pfn, node);
+
+		if (pfn < vpfn->pfn)
+			node = node->rb_left;
+		else if (pfn > vpfn->pfn)
+			node = node->rb_right;
+		else
+			return vpfn;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void vfio_link_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
+			  struct vfio_pfn *new)
+{
+	struct rb_node **link, *parent = NULL;
+	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
+
+	link = &addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
+	while (*link) {
+		parent = *link;
+		vpfn = rb_entry(parent, struct vfio_pfn, node);
+
+		if (new->pfn < vpfn->pfn)
+			link = &(*link)->rb_left;
+		else
+			link = &(*link)->rb_right;
+	}
+
+	rb_link_node(&new->node, parent, link);
+	rb_insert_color(&new->node, &addr_space->pfn_list);
+}
+
+static void vfio_unlink_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
+			    struct vfio_pfn *old)
+{
+	rb_erase(&old->node, &addr_space->pfn_list);
+}
+
+static int vfio_add_to_pfn_list(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
+				unsigned long pfn, int prot)
+{
+	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
+
+	vpfn = kzalloc(sizeof(*vpfn), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!vpfn)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	vpfn->pfn = pfn;
+	vpfn->prot = prot;
+	atomic_set(&vpfn->ref_count, 1);
+	vfio_link_pfn(addr_space, vpfn);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void vfio_remove_from_pfn_list(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
+				      struct vfio_pfn *vpfn)
+{
+	vfio_unlink_pfn(addr_space, vpfn);
+	kfree(vpfn);
+}
+
+static int vfio_pfn_account(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
+			    unsigned long pfn)
+{
+	struct vfio_pfn *p;
+	int ret = 1;
+
+	mutex_lock(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+	p = vfio_find_pfn(addr_space, pfn);
+	if (p)
+		ret = 0;
+	mutex_unlock(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
 struct vwork {
 	struct mm_struct	*mm;
 	long			npage;
@@ -304,16 +410,18 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
 	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
 	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
-	long ret, i;
+	long ret, i, lock_acct;
 	bool rsvd;
 
 	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
+	lock_acct = vfio_pfn_account(dma->addr_space, *pfn_base);
+
 	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
 
-	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
+	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + lock_acct > limit) {
 		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
 		pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
 			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
@@ -340,8 +448,10 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
 			break;
 		}
 
+		lock_acct += vfio_pfn_account(dma->addr_space, pfn);
+
 		if (!rsvd && !lock_cap &&
-		    mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
+		    mm->locked_vm + lock_acct + 1 > limit) {
 			put_pfn(pfn, prot);
 			pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
 				__func__, limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
@@ -350,7 +460,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
 	}
 
 	if (!rsvd)
-		vfio_lock_acct(mm, i);
+		vfio_lock_acct(mm, lock_acct);
 
 	return i;
 }
@@ -370,14 +480,214 @@ static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long pfn,
 	return unlocked;
 }
 
-static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
+static int __vfio_pin_page_external(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
+				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base,
+				    bool do_accounting)
+{
+	struct task_struct *task = dma->task;
+	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
+	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
+	int ret;
+	bool rsvd;
+
+	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
+
+	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
+		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
+		pr_warn("%s: Task %s (%d) RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
+			__func__, task->comm, task_pid_nr(task),
+			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	if (!rsvd && do_accounting)
+		vfio_lock_acct(mm, 1);
+
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static void __vfio_unpin_page_external(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
+				       unsigned long pfn, int prot,
+				       bool do_accounting)
+{
+	put_pfn(pfn, prot);
+
+	if (do_accounting)
+		vfio_lock_acct(addr_space->mm, -1);
+}
+
+static int vfio_unpin_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
+			  struct vfio_pfn *vpfn, bool do_accounting)
+{
+	__vfio_unpin_page_external(addr_space, vpfn->pfn, vpfn->prot,
+			do_accounting);
+
+	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&vpfn->ref_count))
+		vfio_remove_from_pfn_list(addr_space, vpfn);
+
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static int vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages(void *iommu_data,
+				      unsigned long *user_pfn,
+				      int npage, int prot,
+				      unsigned long *phys_pfn)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+	int i, j, ret;
+	unsigned long remote_vaddr;
+	unsigned long *pfn = phys_pfn;
+	struct vfio_dma *dma;
+	bool do_accounting;
+
+	if (!iommu || !user_pfn || !phys_pfn)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto pin_done;
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * If iommu capable domain exist in the container then all pages are
+	 * already pinned and accounted. Accouting should be done if there is no
+	 * iommu capable domain in the container.
+	 */
+	do_accounting = !IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++) {
+		struct vfio_pfn *p;
+		dma_addr_t iova;
+
+		iova = user_pfn[i] << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 0);
+		if (!dma) {
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+			goto pin_unwind;
+		}
+
+		remote_vaddr = dma->vaddr + iova - dma->iova;
+
+		ret = __vfio_pin_page_external(dma, remote_vaddr, prot,
+				&pfn[i], do_accounting);
+		if (ret <= 0) {
+			WARN_ON(!ret);
+			goto pin_unwind;
+		}
+
+		mutex_lock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+		/* search if pfn exist */
+		p = vfio_find_pfn(dma->addr_space, pfn[i]);
+		if (p) {
+			atomic_inc(&p->ref_count);
+			mutex_unlock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		ret = vfio_add_to_pfn_list(dma->addr_space, pfn[i], prot);
+		mutex_unlock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+
+		if (ret) {
+			__vfio_unpin_page_external(dma->addr_space, pfn[i],
+					prot, do_accounting);
+			goto pin_unwind;
+		}
+	}
+
+	ret = i;
+	goto pin_done;
+
+pin_unwind:
+	pfn[i] = 0;
+	for (j = 0; j < i; j++) {
+		struct vfio_pfn *p;
+		dma_addr_t iova;
+
+		iova = user_pfn[j] << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 0);
+
+		mutex_lock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+		p = vfio_find_pfn(dma->addr_space, pfn[j]);
+		if (p)
+			vfio_unpin_pfn(dma->addr_space, p, do_accounting);
+
+		mutex_unlock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+		pfn[j] = 0;
+	}
+
+pin_done:
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages(void *iommu_data,
+					unsigned long *user_pfn,
+					unsigned long *pfn,
+					int npage)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+	bool do_accounting;
+	int unlocked = 0, i;
+
+	if (!iommu || !user_pfn || !pfn)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
+
+	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
+		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	do_accounting = !IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++) {
+		struct vfio_pfn *p;
+		struct vfio_dma *dma;
+		dma_addr_t iova;
+
+		iova = user_pfn[i] << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 0);
+		if (!dma)
+			goto unpin_exit;
+
+		mutex_lock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+		/* verify if pfn exist in pfn_list */
+		p = vfio_find_pfn(dma->addr_space, pfn[i]);
+		if (p)
+			unlocked += vfio_unpin_pfn(dma->addr_space, p,
+						   do_accounting);
+		mutex_unlock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
+	}
+unpin_exit:
+	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+	return unlocked;
+}
+
+static long vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
+			     bool do_accounting)
 {
 	dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova, end = dma->iova + dma->size;
 	struct vfio_domain *domain, *d;
 	long unlocked = 0;
 
 	if (!dma->size)
-		return;
+		return 0;
+
+	if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
+		return 0;
+
 	/*
 	 * We use the IOMMU to track the physical addresses, otherwise we'd
 	 * need a much more complicated tracking system.  Unfortunately that
@@ -427,12 +737,17 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
 		cond_resched();
 	}
 
-	vfio_lock_acct(dma->addr_space->mm, -unlocked);
+	dma->iommu_mapped = false;
+	if (do_accounting) {
+		vfio_lock_acct(dma->addr_space->mm, -unlocked);
+		return 0;
+	}
+	return unlocked;
 }
 
 static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
 {
-	vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma);
+	vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, true);
 	vfio_unlink_dma(iommu, dma);
 
 	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&dma->addr_space->ref_count)) {
@@ -642,6 +957,8 @@ static int vfio_pin_map_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
 		dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
 	}
 
+	dma->iommu_mapped = true;
+
 	if (ret)
 		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
 
@@ -706,6 +1023,8 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 			goto do_map_err;
 		}
 		addr_space->mm = mm;
+		addr_space->pfn_list = RB_ROOT;
+		mutex_init(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
 		atomic_set(&addr_space->ref_count, 1);
 		list_add(&addr_space->next, &iommu->addr_space_list);
 		free_addr_space_on_err = true;
@@ -733,7 +1052,11 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 	/* Insert zero-sized and grow as we map chunks of it */
 	vfio_link_dma(iommu, dma);
 
-	ret = vfio_pin_map_dma(iommu, dma, size);
+	/* Don't pin and map if container doesn't contain IOMMU capable domain*/
+	if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
+		dma->size = size;
+	else
+		ret = vfio_pin_map_dma(iommu, dma, size);
 do_map_err:
 	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
 	return ret;
@@ -762,10 +1085,6 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 	d = list_first_entry(&iommu->domain_list, struct vfio_domain, next);
 	n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
 
-	/* If there's not a domain, there better not be any mappings */
-	if (WARN_ON(n && !d))
-		return -EINVAL;
-
 	for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
 		struct vfio_dma *dma;
 		dma_addr_t iova;
@@ -774,20 +1093,43 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 		iova = dma->iova;
 
 		while (iova < dma->iova + dma->size) {
-			phys_addr_t phys = iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain, iova);
+			phys_addr_t phys;
 			size_t size;
 
-			if (WARN_ON(!phys)) {
-				iova += PAGE_SIZE;
-				continue;
-			}
+			if (dma->iommu_mapped) {
+				phys = iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain, iova);
+
+				if (WARN_ON(!phys)) {
+					iova += PAGE_SIZE;
+					continue;
+				}
 
-			size = PAGE_SIZE;
+				size = PAGE_SIZE;
 
-			while (iova + size < dma->iova + dma->size &&
-			       phys + size == iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain,
+				while (iova + size < dma->iova + dma->size &&
+				    phys + size == iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain,
 								 iova + size))
-				size += PAGE_SIZE;
+					size += PAGE_SIZE;
+			} else {
+				unsigned long pfn;
+				unsigned long vaddr = dma->vaddr +
+						     (iova - dma->iova);
+				size_t n = dma->iova + dma->size - iova;
+				long npage;
+
+				npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(dma, vaddr,
+								n >> PAGE_SHIFT,
+								dma->prot,
+								&pfn);
+				if (npage <= 0) {
+					WARN_ON(!npage);
+					ret = (int)npage;
+					return ret;
+				}
+
+				phys = pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
+				size = npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
+			}
 
 			ret = iommu_map(domain->domain, iova, phys,
 					size, dma->prot | domain->prot);
@@ -796,6 +1138,8 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
 
 			iova += size;
 		}
+
+		dma->iommu_mapped = true;
 	}
 
 	return 0;
@@ -853,7 +1197,7 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
 	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
 	struct vfio_group *group;
 	struct vfio_domain *domain, *d;
-	struct bus_type *bus = NULL;
+	struct bus_type *bus = NULL, *mdev_bus;
 	int ret;
 
 	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
@@ -865,6 +1209,13 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
 		}
 	}
 
+	if (iommu->external_domain) {
+		if (find_iommu_group(iommu->external_domain, iommu_group)) {
+			mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+
 	group = kzalloc(sizeof(*group), GFP_KERNEL);
 	domain = kzalloc(sizeof(*domain), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!group || !domain) {
@@ -879,6 +1230,25 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
 	if (ret)
 		goto out_free;
 
+	mdev_bus = symbol_get(mdev_bus_type);
+
+	if (mdev_bus) {
+		if ((bus == mdev_bus) && !iommu_present(bus)) {
+			symbol_put(mdev_bus_type);
+			if (!iommu->external_domain) {
+				INIT_LIST_HEAD(&domain->group_list);
+				iommu->external_domain = domain;
+			} else
+				kfree(domain);
+
+			list_add(&group->next,
+				 &iommu->external_domain->group_list);
+			mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
+			return 0;
+		}
+		symbol_put(mdev_bus_type);
+	}
+
 	domain->domain = iommu_domain_alloc(bus);
 	if (!domain->domain) {
 		ret = -EIO;
@@ -969,6 +1339,51 @@ static void vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
 		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, rb_entry(node, struct vfio_dma, node));
 }
 
+static void vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_reaccount(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
+{
+	struct vfio_addr_space *as;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(as, &iommu->addr_space_list, next) {
+		struct rb_node *n, *p;
+		long locked = 0, unlocked = 0;
+
+		n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
+		for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
+			struct vfio_dma *dma;
+
+			dma = rb_entry(n, struct vfio_dma, node);
+			if (dma->addr_space == as)
+				unlocked += vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, false);
+		}
+
+		mutex_lock(&as->pfn_list_lock);
+		p = rb_first(&as->pfn_list);
+		for (; p; p = rb_next(p))
+			locked++;
+
+		mutex_unlock(&as->pfn_list_lock);
+		vfio_lock_acct(as->mm, locked - unlocked);
+	}
+}
+
+static void vfio_external_unpin_all(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
+				    bool do_accounting)
+{
+	struct vfio_addr_space *as;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(as, &iommu->addr_space_list, next) {
+		struct rb_node *node;
+
+		mutex_lock(&as->pfn_list_lock);
+		while ((node = rb_first(&as->pfn_list)))
+			vfio_unpin_pfn(as,
+				       rb_entry(node, struct vfio_pfn, node),
+				       do_accounting);
+
+		mutex_unlock(&as->pfn_list_lock);
+	}
+}
+
 static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
 					  struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
 {
@@ -978,6 +1393,28 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
 
 	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
 
+	if (iommu->external_domain) {
+		domain = iommu->external_domain;
+		group = find_iommu_group(domain, iommu_group);
+		if (group) {
+			list_del(&group->next);
+			kfree(group);
+
+			if (list_empty(&domain->group_list)) {
+				if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)) {
+					vfio_external_unpin_all(iommu, true);
+					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
+				} else
+					vfio_external_unpin_all(iommu, false);
+				kfree(domain);
+				iommu->external_domain = NULL;
+			}
+			goto detach_group_done;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
+		goto detach_group_done;
 
 	list_for_each_entry(domain, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
 		group = find_iommu_group(domain, iommu_group);
@@ -988,21 +1425,27 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
 		list_del(&group->next);
 		kfree(group);
 		/*
-		 * Group ownership provides privilege, if the group
-		 * list is empty, the domain goes away.  If it's the
-		 * last domain, then all the mappings go away too.
+		 * Group ownership provides privilege, if the group list is
+		 * empty, the domain goes away. If it's the last domain with
+		 * iommu and external domain doesn't exist, then all the
+		 * mappings go away too. If it's the last domain with iommu and
+		 * external domain exist, update accounting
 		 */
 		if (list_empty(&domain->group_list)) {
-			if (list_is_singular(&iommu->domain_list))
-				vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
+			if (list_is_singular(&iommu->domain_list)) {
+				if (!iommu->external_domain)
+					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
+				else
+					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_reaccount(iommu);
+			}
 			iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
 			list_del(&domain->next);
 			kfree(domain);
 		}
-		goto done;
+		break;
 	}
 
-done:
+detach_group_done:
 	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
 }
 
@@ -1028,29 +1471,46 @@ static void *vfio_iommu_type1_open(unsigned long arg)
 	}
 
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iommu->domain_list);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iommu->addr_space_list);
 	iommu->dma_list = RB_ROOT;
 	mutex_init(&iommu->lock);
 
 	return iommu;
 }
 
+static void vfio_release_domain(struct vfio_domain *domain, bool external)
+{
+	struct vfio_group *group, *group_tmp;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(group, group_tmp,
+				 &domain->group_list, next) {
+		if (!external)
+			iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, group->iommu_group);
+		list_del(&group->next);
+		kfree(group);
+	}
+
+	if (!external)
+		iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
+}
+
 static void vfio_iommu_type1_release(void *iommu_data)
 {
 	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
 	struct vfio_domain *domain, *domain_tmp;
-	struct vfio_group *group, *group_tmp;
+
+	if (iommu->external_domain) {
+		vfio_release_domain(iommu->external_domain, true);
+		vfio_external_unpin_all(iommu, false);
+		kfree(iommu->external_domain);
+		iommu->external_domain = NULL;
+	}
 
 	vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
 
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(domain, domain_tmp,
 				 &iommu->domain_list, next) {
-		list_for_each_entry_safe(group, group_tmp,
-					 &domain->group_list, next) {
-			iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, group->iommu_group);
-			list_del(&group->next);
-			kfree(group);
-		}
-		iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
+		vfio_release_domain(domain, false);
 		list_del(&domain->next);
 		kfree(domain);
 	}
@@ -1158,6 +1618,8 @@ static const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops vfio_iommu_driver_ops_type1 = {
 	.ioctl		= vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl,
 	.attach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group,
 	.detach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group,
+	.pin_pages	= vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages,
+	.unpin_pages	= vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages,
 };
 
 static int __init vfio_iommu_type1_init(void)
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07 23:45   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 12/22] vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Added blocking notifier to IOMMU TYPE1 driver to notify vendor drivers
about DMA_UNMAP.
Exported two APIs vfio_register_notifier() and vfio_unregister_notifier().
Notifier should be registered, if external user wants to use
vfio_pin_pages()/vfio_unpin_pages() APIs to pin/unpin pages.
Vendor driver should use VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP action to invalidate
mappings.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I5910d0024d6be87f3e8d3e0ca0eaeaaa0b17f271
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c             | 73 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++------
 include/linux/vfio.h            | 11 +++++++
 3 files changed, 121 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
index 76d260e98930..4ed1a6a247c6 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -1895,6 +1895,79 @@ err_unpin_pages:
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unpin_pages);
 
+int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)
+{
+	struct vfio_container *container;
+	struct vfio_group *group;
+	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+	ssize_t ret;
+
+	if (!dev || !nb)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
+	if (IS_ERR(group))
+		return PTR_ERR(group);
+
+	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_register_nb;
+
+	container = group->container;
+	down_read(&container->group_lock);
+
+	driver = container->iommu_driver;
+	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->register_notifier))
+		ret = driver->ops->register_notifier(container->iommu_data, nb);
+	else
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	up_read(&container->group_lock);
+	vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
+
+err_register_nb:
+	vfio_group_put(group);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_register_notifier);
+
+int vfio_unregister_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)
+{
+	struct vfio_container *container;
+	struct vfio_group *group;
+	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
+	ssize_t ret;
+
+	if (!dev || !nb)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
+	if (IS_ERR(group))
+		return PTR_ERR(group);
+
+	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
+	if (ret)
+		goto err_unregister_nb;
+
+	container = group->container;
+	down_read(&container->group_lock);
+
+	driver = container->iommu_driver;
+	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->unregister_notifier))
+		ret = driver->ops->unregister_notifier(container->iommu_data,
+						       nb);
+	else
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	up_read(&container->group_lock);
+	vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
+
+err_unregister_nb:
+	vfio_group_put(group);
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unregister_notifier);
+
 /**
  * Module/class support
  */
diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
index e511073446a0..c2d3a84c447b 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
 #include <linux/vfio.h>
 #include <linux/workqueue.h>
 #include <linux/mdev.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>
 
 #define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.2"
 #define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
@@ -60,6 +61,7 @@ struct vfio_iommu {
 	struct vfio_domain	*external_domain; /* domain for external user */
 	struct mutex		lock;
 	struct rb_root		dma_list;
+	struct blocking_notifier_head notifier;
 	bool			v2;
 	bool			nesting;
 };
@@ -550,7 +552,8 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages(void *iommu_data,
 
 	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
 
-	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
+	/* Fail if notifier list is empty */
+	if ((!iommu->external_domain) || (!iommu->notifier.head)) {
 		ret = -EINVAL;
 		goto pin_done;
 	}
@@ -867,6 +870,11 @@ unlock:
 	/* Report how much was unmapped */
 	unmap->size = unmapped;
 
+	if (unmapped && iommu->external_domain)
+		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
+					     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
+					     unmap);
+
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -1474,6 +1482,7 @@ static void *vfio_iommu_type1_open(unsigned long arg)
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iommu->addr_space_list);
 	iommu->dma_list = RB_ROOT;
 	mutex_init(&iommu->lock);
+	BLOCKING_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(&iommu->notifier);
 
 	return iommu;
 }
@@ -1610,16 +1619,34 @@ static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
 	return -ENOTTY;
 }
 
+static int vfio_iommu_type1_register_notifier(void *iommu_data,
+					      struct notifier_block *nb)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+
+	return blocking_notifier_chain_register(&iommu->notifier, nb);
+}
+
+static int vfio_iommu_type1_unregister_notifier(void *iommu_data,
+						struct notifier_block *nb)
+{
+	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
+
+	return blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(&iommu->notifier, nb);
+}
+
 static const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops vfio_iommu_driver_ops_type1 = {
-	.name		= "vfio-iommu-type1",
-	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
-	.open		= vfio_iommu_type1_open,
-	.release	= vfio_iommu_type1_release,
-	.ioctl		= vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl,
-	.attach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group,
-	.detach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group,
-	.pin_pages	= vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages,
-	.unpin_pages	= vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages,
+	.name			= "vfio-iommu-type1",
+	.owner			= THIS_MODULE,
+	.open			= vfio_iommu_type1_open,
+	.release		= vfio_iommu_type1_release,
+	.ioctl			= vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl,
+	.attach_group		= vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group,
+	.detach_group		= vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group,
+	.pin_pages		= vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages,
+	.unpin_pages		= vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages,
+	.register_notifier	= vfio_iommu_type1_register_notifier,
+	.unregister_notifier	= vfio_iommu_type1_unregister_notifier,
 };
 
 static int __init vfio_iommu_type1_init(void)
diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
index ba1b64cb7d4b..dcda8fccefab 100644
--- a/include/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
@@ -82,6 +82,10 @@ struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops {
 				       unsigned long *user_pfn,
 				       unsigned long *pfn,
 				       int npage);
+	int		(*register_notifier)(void *iommu_data,
+					     struct notifier_block *nb);
+	int		(*unregister_notifier)(void *iommu_data,
+					       struct notifier_block *nb);
 };
 
 extern int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
@@ -139,6 +143,13 @@ extern int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
 extern int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
 			    unsigned long *pfn, int npage);
 
+#define VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP	1
+
+extern int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev,
+				  struct notifier_block *nb);
+
+extern int vfio_unregister_notifier(struct device *dev,
+				    struct notifier_block *nb);
 /*
  * IRQfd - generic
  */
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 12/22] vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07 23:51   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Add a notifier calback to parent's ops structure of mdev device so that per
device notifer for vfio module is registered through vfio_mdev module.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: Iafa6f1721aecdd6e50eb93b153b5621e6d29b637
---
 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mdev.h          |  9 +++++++++
 2 files changed, 28 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
index bb534d19e321..2b7c24aa9e46 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
@@ -24,6 +24,15 @@
 #define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "NVIDIA Corporation"
 #define DRIVER_DESC     "VFIO based driver for Mediated device"
 
+static int vfio_mdev_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action,
+			      void *data)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = container_of(nb, struct mdev_device, nb);
+	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
+
+	return parent->ops->notifier(mdev, action, data);
+}
+
 static int vfio_mdev_open(void *device_data)
 {
 	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
@@ -40,6 +49,11 @@ static int vfio_mdev_open(void *device_data)
 	if (ret)
 		module_put(THIS_MODULE);
 
+	if (likely(parent->ops->notifier)) {
+		mdev->nb.notifier_call = vfio_mdev_notifier;
+		if (vfio_register_notifier(&mdev->dev, &mdev->nb))
+			pr_err("Failed to register notifier for mdev\n");
+	}
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -48,6 +62,11 @@ static void vfio_mdev_release(void *device_data)
 	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
 	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
 
+	if (likely(parent->ops->notifier)) {
+		if (vfio_unregister_notifier(&mdev->dev, &mdev->nb))
+			pr_err("Failed to unregister notifier for mdev\n");
+	}
+
 	if (likely(parent->ops->release))
 		parent->ops->release(mdev);
 
diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
index 0352febc1944..2999ef0ddaed 100644
--- a/include/linux/mdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/mdev.h
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ struct mdev_device {
 	struct kref		ref;
 	struct list_head	next;
 	struct kobject		*type_kobj;
+	struct notifier_block	nb;
 };
 
 
@@ -84,6 +85,12 @@ struct mdev_device {
  *			@cmd: mediated device structure
  *			@arg: mediated device structure
  * @mmap:		mmap callback
+ *			@mdev: mediated device structure
+ *			@vma: vma structure
+ * @notifer:		Notifier callback
+ *			@mdev: mediated device structure
+ *			@action: Action for which notifier is called
+ *			@data: Data associated with the notifier
  * Parent device that support mediated device should be registered with mdev
  * module with parent_ops structure.
  **/
@@ -105,6 +112,8 @@ struct parent_ops {
 	ssize_t (*ioctl)(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
 			 unsigned long arg);
 	int	(*mmap)(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+	int	(*notifier)(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned long action,
+			    void *data);
 };
 
 /* interface for exporting mdev supported type attributes */
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 12/22] vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08  7:29   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 14/22] vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability() Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Vendor driver using mediated device framework should use
vfio_info_add_capability() to add capabilities.
Introduced this function to reduce code duplication in vendor drivers.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I6fca329fa2291f37a2c859d0bc97574d9e2ce1a6
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/linux/vfio.h |  3 +++
 2 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
index 4ed1a6a247c6..9a03be0942a1 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -1797,8 +1797,66 @@ void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset)
 	for (tmp = caps->buf; tmp->next; tmp = (void *)tmp + tmp->next - offset)
 		tmp->next += offset;
 }
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
 
+static int sparse_mmap_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
+{
+	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
+	struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap *sparse_cap, *sparse = cap_type;
+	size_t size;
+
+	size = sizeof(*sparse) + sparse->nr_areas *  sizeof(*sparse->areas);
+	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, size,
+				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP, 1);
+	if (IS_ERR(header))
+		return PTR_ERR(header);
+
+	sparse_cap = container_of(header,
+			struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap, header);
+	sparse_cap->nr_areas = sparse->nr_areas;
+	memcpy(sparse_cap->areas, sparse->areas,
+	       sparse->nr_areas * sizeof(*sparse->areas));
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int region_type_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
+{
+	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
+	struct vfio_region_info_cap_type *type_cap, *cap = cap_type;
+
+	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, sizeof(*cap),
+				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE, 1);
+	if (IS_ERR(header))
+		return PTR_ERR(header);
+
+	type_cap = container_of(header, struct vfio_region_info_cap_type,
+				header);
+	type_cap->type = cap->type;
+	type_cap->subtype = cap->subtype;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
+			     void *cap_type)
+{
+	int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	if (!cap_type)
+		return 0;
+
+	switch (cap_type_id) {
+	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP:
+		ret = sparse_mmap_cap(caps, cap_type);
+		break;
+
+	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE:
+		ret = region_type_cap(caps, cap_type);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
 
 /*
  * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
index dcda8fccefab..cf90393a11e2 100644
--- a/include/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
@@ -113,6 +113,9 @@ extern struct vfio_info_cap_header *vfio_info_cap_add(
 		struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t size, u16 id, u16 version);
 extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
 
+extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
+				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
+
 struct pci_dev;
 #ifdef CONFIG_EEH
 extern void vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(struct pci_dev *pdev);
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 14/22] vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability()
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare() Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Update msix_sparse_mmap_cap() to use vfio_info_add_capability()
Update region type capability to use vfio_info_add_capability()

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I52bb28c7875a6da5a79ddad1843e6088aff58a45
---
 drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c | 49 ++++++++++++++++++---------------------------
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
index 031bc08d000d..03b5434f4d5b 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
@@ -558,10 +558,9 @@ static int vfio_pci_for_each_slot_or_bus(struct pci_dev *pdev,
 static int msix_sparse_mmap_cap(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
 				struct vfio_info_cap *caps)
 {
-	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
 	struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap *sparse;
 	size_t end, size;
-	int nr_areas = 2, i = 0;
+	int nr_areas = 2, i = 0, ret;
 
 	end = pci_resource_len(vdev->pdev, vdev->msix_bar);
 
@@ -572,13 +571,10 @@ static int msix_sparse_mmap_cap(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
 
 	size = sizeof(*sparse) + (nr_areas * sizeof(*sparse->areas));
 
-	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, size,
-				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP, 1);
-	if (IS_ERR(header))
-		return PTR_ERR(header);
+	sparse = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!sparse)
+		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	sparse = container_of(header,
-			      struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap, header);
 	sparse->nr_areas = nr_areas;
 
 	if (vdev->msix_offset & PAGE_MASK) {
@@ -594,26 +590,11 @@ static int msix_sparse_mmap_cap(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
 		i++;
 	}
 
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static int region_type_cap(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
-			   struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
-			   unsigned int type, unsigned int subtype)
-{
-	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
-	struct vfio_region_info_cap_type *cap;
-
-	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, sizeof(*cap),
-				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE, 1);
-	if (IS_ERR(header))
-		return PTR_ERR(header);
-
-	cap = container_of(header, struct vfio_region_info_cap_type, header);
-	cap->type = type;
-	cap->subtype = subtype;
+	ret = vfio_info_add_capability(caps, VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP,
+				       sparse);
+	kfree(sparse);
 
-	return 0;
+	return ret;
 }
 
 int vfio_pci_register_dev_region(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
@@ -752,6 +733,9 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
 
 			break;
 		default:
+		{
+			struct vfio_region_info_cap_type cap_type;
+
 			if (info.index >=
 			    VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS + vdev->num_regions)
 				return -EINVAL;
@@ -762,11 +746,16 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
 			info.size = vdev->region[i].size;
 			info.flags = vdev->region[i].flags;
 
-			ret = region_type_cap(vdev, &caps,
-					      vdev->region[i].type,
-					      vdev->region[i].subtype);
+			cap_type.type = vdev->region[i].type;
+			cap_type.subtype = vdev->region[i].subtype;
+
+			ret = vfio_info_add_capability(&caps,
+						      VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE,
+						      &cap_type);
 			if (ret)
 				return ret;
+
+		}
 		}
 
 		if (caps.size) {
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 14/22] vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability() Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08  8:46   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 16/22] vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare() Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Vendor driver using mediated device framework would use same mechnism to
validate and prepare IRQs. Introducing this function to reduce code
replication in multiple drivers.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: Ie201f269dda0713ca18a07dc4852500bd8b48309
---
 drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/vfio.h |  4 ++++
 2 files changed, 52 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
index 9a03be0942a1..ed2361e4b904 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
@@ -1858,6 +1858,54 @@ int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
 
+int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr, int num_irqs,
+				       int max_irq_type, size_t *data_size)
+{
+	unsigned long minsz;
+	size_t size;
+
+	minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
+
+	if ((hdr->argsz < minsz) || (hdr->index >= max_irq_type) ||
+	    (hdr->count >= (U32_MAX - hdr->start)) ||
+	    (hdr->flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
+				VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK)))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (data_size)
+		*data_size = 0;
+
+	if (hdr->start >= num_irqs || hdr->start + hdr->count > num_irqs)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	switch (hdr->flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK) {
+	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE:
+		size = 0;
+		break;
+	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL:
+		size = sizeof(uint8_t);
+		break;
+	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD:
+		size = sizeof(int32_t);
+		break;
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (size) {
+		if (hdr->argsz - minsz < hdr->count * size)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		if (!data_size)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		*data_size = hdr->count * size;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare);
+
 /*
  * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
  * domain only.
diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
index cf90393a11e2..87c9afecd822 100644
--- a/include/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
@@ -116,6 +116,10 @@ extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
 extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
 				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
 
+extern int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr,
+					      int num_irqs, int max_irq_type,
+					      size_t *data_size);
+
 struct pci_dev;
 #ifdef CONFIG_EEH
 extern void vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(struct pci_dev *pdev);
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 16/22] vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare() Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 17/22] vfio_platform: " Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Updated vfio_pci.c file to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I9f3daba89d8dba5cb5b01a8cff420412f30686c7
---
 drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c | 34 +++++++---------------------------
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
index 03b5434f4d5b..dcd7c2a99618 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
@@ -818,45 +818,25 @@ static long vfio_pci_ioctl(void *device_data,
 
 	} else if (cmd == VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS) {
 		struct vfio_irq_set hdr;
-		size_t size;
 		u8 *data = NULL;
 		int max, ret = 0;
+		size_t data_size = 0;
 
 		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
 
 		if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
 			return -EFAULT;
 
-		if (hdr.argsz < minsz || hdr.index >= VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS ||
-		    hdr.count >= (U32_MAX - hdr.start) ||
-		    hdr.flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
-				  VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK))
-			return -EINVAL;
-
 		max = vfio_pci_get_irq_count(vdev, hdr.index);
-		if (hdr.start >= max || hdr.start + hdr.count > max)
-			return -EINVAL;
 
-		switch (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK) {
-		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE:
-			size = 0;
-			break;
-		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL:
-			size = sizeof(uint8_t);
-			break;
-		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD:
-			size = sizeof(int32_t);
-			break;
-		default:
-			return -EINVAL;
-		}
-
-		if (size) {
-			if (hdr.argsz - minsz < hdr.count * size)
-				return -EINVAL;
+		ret = vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(&hdr, max,
+						 VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS, &data_size);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
 
+		if (data_size) {
 			data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz),
-					   hdr.count * size);
+					    data_size);
 			if (IS_ERR(data))
 				return PTR_ERR(data);
 		}
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 17/22] vfio_platform: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 16/22] vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare() Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08  8:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 18/22] vfio: Define device_api strings Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Updated vfio_platform_common.c file to use
vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: Id87cd6b78ae901610b39bf957974baa6f40cd7b0
---
 drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c | 31 +++++++---------------------
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c b/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
index d78142830754..4c27f4be3c3d 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
@@ -364,36 +364,21 @@ static long vfio_platform_ioctl(void *device_data,
 		struct vfio_irq_set hdr;
 		u8 *data = NULL;
 		int ret = 0;
+		size_t data_size = 0;
 
 		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
 
 		if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
 			return -EFAULT;
 
-		if (hdr.argsz < minsz)
-			return -EINVAL;
-
-		if (hdr.index >= vdev->num_irqs)
-			return -EINVAL;
-
-		if (hdr.flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
-				  VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK))
-			return -EINVAL;
-
-		if (!(hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE)) {
-			size_t size;
-
-			if (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL)
-				size = sizeof(uint8_t);
-			else if (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD)
-				size = sizeof(int32_t);
-			else
-				return -EINVAL;
-
-			if (hdr.argsz - minsz < size)
-				return -EINVAL;
+		ret = vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(&hdr, vdev->num_irqs,
+						 vdev->num_irqs, &data_size);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
 
-			data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz), size);
+		if (data_size) {
+			data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz),
+					    data_size);
 			if (IS_ERR(data))
 				return PTR_ERR(data);
 		}
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 18/22] vfio: Define device_api strings
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (16 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 17/22] vfio_platform: " Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 19/22] docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Defined device API strings. Vendor driver using mediated device
framework should use corresponding string for device_api attribute.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I42d29f475f02a7132ce13297fbf2b48f1da10995
---
 include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 10 ++++++++++
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
index 255a2113f53c..519eff362c1c 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
@@ -203,6 +203,16 @@ struct vfio_device_info {
 };
 #define VFIO_DEVICE_GET_INFO		_IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 7)
 
+/*
+ * Vendor driver using Mediated device framework should provide device_api
+ * attribute in supported type attribute groups. Device API string should be one
+ * of the following corresponding to device flags in vfio_device_info structure.
+ */
+
+#define VFIO_DEVICE_API_PCI_STRING		"vfio-pci"
+#define VFIO_DEVICE_API_PLATFORM_STRING		"vfio-platform"
+#define VFIO_DEVICE_API_AMBA_STRING		"vfio-amba"
+
 /**
  * VFIO_DEVICE_GET_REGION_INFO - _IOWR(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 8,
  *				       struct vfio_region_info)
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 19/22] docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (17 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 18/22] vfio: Define device_api strings Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 20/22] docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Add file Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt that include details of
mediated device framework.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I137dd646442936090d92008b115908b7b2c7bc5d
---
 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt | 298 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 298 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d61e95aec961
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,298 @@
+/*
+ * VFIO Mediated devices
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
+ *             Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+Virtual Function I/O (VFIO) Mediated devices[1]
+===============================================
+
+The number of use cases for virtualizing DMA devices that do not have built-in
+SR_IOV capability is increasing. Previously, to virtualize such devices,
+developers had to create their own management interfaces and APIs, and then
+integrate them with user space software. To simplify integration with user space
+software, we have identified common requirements and a unified management
+interface for such devices.
+
+The VFIO driver framework provides unified APIs for direct device access. It is
+an IOMMU/device-agnostic framework for exposing direct device access to user
+space in a secure, IOMMU-protected environment. This framework is used for
+multiple devices, such as GPUs, network adapters, and compute accelerators. With
+direct device access, virtual machines or user space applications have direct
+access to the physical device. This framework is reused for mediated devices.
+
+The mediated core driver provides a common interface for mediated device
+management that can be used by drivers of different devices. This module
+provides a generic interface to perform these operations:
+
+* Create and destroy a mediated device
+* Add a mediated device to and remove it from a mediated bus driver
+* Add a mediated device to and remove it from an IOMMU group
+
+The mediated core driver also provides an interface to register a bus driver.
+For example, the mediated VFIO mdev driver is designed for mediated devices and
+supports VFIO APIs. The mediated bus driver adds a mediated device to and
+removes it from a VFIO group.
+
+The following high-level block diagram shows the main components and interfaces
+in the VFIO mediated driver framework. The diagram shows NVIDIA, Intel, and IBM
+devices as examples, as these devices are the first devices to use this module.
+
+     +---------------+
+     |               |
+     | +-----------+ |  mdev_register_driver() +--------------+
+     | |           | +<------------------------+              |
+     | |  mdev     | |                         |              |
+     | |  bus      | +------------------------>+ vfio_mdev.ko |<-> VFIO user
+     | |  driver   | |     probe()/remove()    |              |    APIs
+     | |           | |                         +--------------+
+     | +-----------+ |
+     |               |
+     |  MDEV CORE    |
+     |   MODULE      |
+     |   mdev.ko     |
+     | +-----------+ |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
+     | |           | +<------------------------+              |
+     | |           | |                         |  nvidia.ko   |<-> physical
+     | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
+     | |           | |        callbacks        +--------------+
+     | | Physical  | |
+     | |  device   | |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
+     | | interface | |<------------------------+              |
+     | |           | |                         |  i915.ko     |<-> physical
+     | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
+     | |           | |        callbacks        +--------------+
+     | |           | |
+     | |           | |  mdev_register_device() +--------------+
+     | |           | +<------------------------+              |
+     | |           | |                         | ccw_device.ko|<-> physical
+     | |           | +------------------------>+              |    device
+     | |           | |        callbacks        +--------------+
+     | +-----------+ |
+     +---------------+
+
+
+Registration Interfaces
+=======================
+
+The mediated core driver provides the following types of registration
+interfaces:
+
+* Registration interface for a mediated bus driver
+* Physical device driver interface
+
+Registration Interface for a Mediated Bus Driver
+------------------------------------------------
+
+The registration interface for a mediated bus driver provides the following
+structure to represent a mediated device's driver:
+
+     /*
+      * struct mdev_driver [2] - Mediated device's driver
+      * @name: driver name
+      * @probe: called when new device created
+      * @remove: called when device removed
+      * @driver: device driver structure
+      */
+     struct mdev_driver {
+	     const char *name;
+	     int  (*probe)  (struct device *dev);
+	     void (*remove) (struct device *dev);
+	     struct device_driver    driver;
+     };
+
+A mediated bus driver for mdev should use this structure in the function calls
+to register and unregister itself with the core driver:
+
+* Register:
+
+  extern int  mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv,
+				   struct module *owner);
+
+* Unregister:
+
+  extern void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv);
+
+The mediated bus driver is responsible for adding mediated devices to the VFIO
+group when devices are bound to the driver and removing mediated devices from
+the VFIO when devices are unbound from the driver.
+
+
+Physical Device Driver Interface
+--------------------------------
+
+The physical device driver interface provides the parent_ops[3] structure to
+define the APIs to manage work in the mediated core driver that is related to
+the physical device.
+
+The structures in the parent_ops structure are as follows:
+
+* dev_attr_groups: attributes of the parent device
+* mdev_attr_groups: attributes of the mediated device
+* supported_config: attributes to define supported configurations
+
+The functions in the parent_ops structure are as follows:
+
+* create: allocate basic resources in a driver for a mediated device
+* remove: free resources in a driver when a mediated device is destroyed
+
+The callbacks in the parent_ops structure are as follows:
+
+* open: open callback of mediated device
+* close: close callback of mediated device
+* ioctl: ioctl callback of mediated device
+* read : read emulation callback
+* write: write emulation callback
+* mmap: mmap emulation callback
+* notifier: notifier callback
+
+A driver should use the parent_ops structure in the function call to register
+itself with the mdev core driver:
+
+extern int  mdev_register_device(struct device *dev,
+                                 const struct parent_ops *ops);
+
+However, the parent_ops structure is not required in the function call that a
+driver should use to unregister itself with the mdev core driver:
+
+extern void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev);
+
+
+Mediated Device Management Interface Through sysfs
+==================================================
+
+The management interface through sysfs enables user space software, such as
+libvirt, to query and configure mediated devices in a hardware-agnostic fashion.
+This management interface provides flexibility to the underlying physical
+device's driver to support features such as:
+
+* Mediated device hot plug
+* Multiple mediated devices in a single virtual machine
+* Multiple mediated devices from different physical devices
+
+Links in the mdev_bus Class Directory
+-------------------------------------
+The /sys/class/mdev_bus/ directory contains links to devices that are registered
+with the mdev core driver.
+
+Directories and files under the sysfs for Each Physical Device
+--------------------------------------------------------------
+
+|- [parent physical device]
+|--- Vendor-specific-attributes [optional]
+|--- [mdev_supported_types]
+|     |--- [<type-id>]
+|     |   |--- create
+|     |   |--- name
+|     |   |--- available_instances
+|     |   |--- device_api
+|     |   |--- description
+|     |   |--- [devices]
+|     |--- [<type-id>]
+|     |   |--- create
+|     |   |--- name
+|     |   |--- available_instances
+|     |   |--- device_api
+|     |   |--- description
+|     |   |--- [devices]
+|     |--- [<type-id>]
+|          |--- create
+|          |--- name
+|          |--- available_instances
+|          |--- device_api
+|          |--- description
+|          |--- [devices]
+
+* [mdev_supported_types]
+
+  The list of currently supported mediated device types and their details.
+
+  [<type-id>], device_api, and available_instances are mandatory attributes
+  that should be provided by vendor driver.
+
+* [<type-id>]
+
+  The [<type-id>] name is created by adding the the device driver string as a
+  prefix to the string provided by the vendor driver. This format of this name
+  is as follows:
+
+	sprintf(buf, "%s-%s", dev_driver_string(parent->dev), group->name);
+
+* device_api
+
+  This attribute should show which device API is being created, for example,
+  "vfio-pci" for a PCI device.
+
+* available_instances
+
+  This attribute should show the number of devices of type <type-id> that can be
+  created.
+
+* [device]
+
+  This directory contains links to the devices of type <type-id> that have been
+created.
+
+* name
+
+  This attribute should show human readable name. This is optional attribute.
+
+* description
+
+  This attribute should show brief features/description of the type. This is
+  optional attribute.
+
+Directories and Files Under the sysfs for Each mdev Device
+----------------------------------------------------------
+
+|- [parent phy device]
+|--- [$MDEV_UUID]
+         |--- remove
+         |--- mdev_type {link to its type}
+         |--- vendor-specific-attributes [optional]
+
+* remove (write only)
+Writing '1' to the 'remove' file destroys the mdev device. The vendor driver can
+fail the remove() callback if that device is active and the vendor driver
+doesn't support hot unplug.
+
+Example:
+	# echo 1 > /sys/bus/mdev/devices/$mdev_UUID/remove
+
+Mediated device Hot plug:
+------------------------
+
+Mediated devices can be created and assigned at runtime. The procedure to hot
+plug a mediated device is the same as the procedure to hot plug a PCI device.
+
+Translation APIs for Mediated Devices
+=====================================
+
+The following APIs are provided for translating user pfn to host pfn in a VFIO
+driver:
+
+ extern long vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
+                            long npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn);
+
+ extern long vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *pfn,
+			      long npage);
+
+These functions call back into the back-end IOMMU module by using the pin_pages
+and unpin_pages callbacks of the struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops[4]. Currently
+these callbacks are supported in the TYPE1 IOMMU module. To enable them for
+other IOMMU backend modules, such as PPC64 sPAPR module, they need to provide
+these two callback functions.
+
+References
+----------
+
+[1] See Documentation/vfio.txt for more information on VFIO.
+[2] struct mdev_driver in include/linux/mdev.h
+[3] struct parent_ops in include/linux/mdev.h
+[4] struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops in include/linux/vfio.h
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 20/22] docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (18 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 19/22] docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 21/22] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated " Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Added details of sysfs ABI for mediated device framework

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: Icb0fd4ed58a2fa793fbcb1c3d5009a4403c1f3ac
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev | 111 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 111 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..452dbe39270e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev
@@ -0,0 +1,111 @@
+What:           /sys/.../<device>/mdev_supported_types/
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+                This directory contains list of directories of currently
+		supported mediated device types and their details for
+		<device>. Supported type attributes are defined by the
+		vendor driver who registers with Mediated device framework.
+		Each supported type is a directory whose name is created
+		by adding the device driver string as a prefix to the
+		string provided by the vendor driver.
+
+What:           /sys/.../<device>/mdev_supported_types/<type-id>/
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+                This directory gives details of supported type, like name,
+		description, available_instances, device_api etc.
+		'device_api' and 'available_instances' are mandatory
+		attributes to be provided by vendor driver. 'name',
+		'description' and other vendor driver specific attributes
+		are optional.
+
+What:           /sys/.../mdev_supported_types/<type-id>/create
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		Writing UUID to this file will create mediated device of
+		type <type-id> for parent device <device>. This is a
+		write-only file.
+		For example:
+		# echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001" >	\
+		       /sys/devices/foo/mdev_supported_types/foo-1/create
+
+What:           /sys/.../mdev_supported_types/<type-id>/devices/
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		This directory contains symbolic links pointing to mdev
+		devices sysfs entries which are created of this <type-id>.
+
+What:           /sys/.../mdev_supported_types/<type-id>/available_instances
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		Reading this attribute will show the number of mediated
+		devices of type <type-id> that can be created. This is a
+		readonly file.
+Users:
+		Userspace applications interested in creating mediated
+		device of that type. Userspace application should check
+		the number of available instances could be created before
+		creating mediated device of this type.
+
+What:           /sys/.../mdev_supported_types/<type-id>/device_api
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		Reading this attribute will show VFIO device API supported
+		by this type. For example, "vfio-pci" for a PCI device,
+		"vfio-platform" for platform device.
+
+What:           /sys/.../mdev_supported_types/<type-id>/name
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		Reading this attribute will show human readable name of the
+		mediated device that will get created of type <type-id>.
+		This is optional attribute. For example: "Grid M60-0Q"
+Users:
+		Userspace applications interested in knowing the name of
+		a particular <type-id> that can help in understanding the
+		type of mediated device.
+
+What:           /sys/.../mdev_supported_types/<type-id>/description
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		Reading this attribute will show description of the type of
+		mediated device that will get created of type <type-id>.
+		This is optional attribute. For example:
+		"2 heads, 512M FB, 2560x1600 maximum resolution"
+Users:
+		Userspace applications interested in knowing the details of
+		a particular <type-id> that can help in understanding the
+		features provided by that type of mediated device.
+
+What:           /sys/.../<device>/<UUID>/
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		This directory represents device directory of mediated
+		device. It contains all the attributes related to mediated
+		device.
+
+What:           /sys/.../<device>/<UUID>/mdev_type
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		This is symbolic link pointing to supported type, <type-id>
+		directory of which this mediated device is created.
+
+What:           /sys/.../<device>/<UUID>/remove
+Date:           October 2016
+Contact:        Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+Description:
+		Writing '1' to this file destroys the mediated device. The
+		vendor driver can fail the remove() callback if that device
+		is active and the vendor driver doesn't support hot unplug.
+		Example:
+		# echo 1 > /sys/bus/mdev/devices/<UUID>/remove
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 21/22] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated device framework.
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (19 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 20/22] docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 22/22] MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  3:30 ` [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Alexey Kardashevskiy
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

The Sample driver creates mdev device that simulates serial port over PCI
card.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I857f8f12f8b275f2498dfe8c628a5cdc7193b1b2
---
 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt |  103 ++-
 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile             |   13 +
 samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c               | 1503 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 1618 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
 create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c

diff --git a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
index d61e95aec961..146da548c8d2 100644
--- a/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
+++ b/Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
@@ -289,8 +289,109 @@ these callbacks are supported in the TYPE1 IOMMU module. To enable them for
 other IOMMU backend modules, such as PPC64 sPAPR module, they need to provide
 these two callback functions.
 
+Using the Sample Code
+=====================
+
+mtty.c in samples/vfio-mdev/ directory is a sample driver program to
+demonstrate how to use the mediated device framework.
+
+The sample driver creates an mdev device that simulates a serial port over a PCI
+card.
+
+1. Build and load the mtty.ko module.
+
+   This step creates a dummy device, /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/
+
+   Files in this device directory in sysfs are similar to the following:
+
+   # tree /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/
+      /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/
+      |-- mdev_supported_types
+      |   |-- mtty-1
+      |   |   |-- available_instances
+      |   |   |-- create
+      |   |   |-- device_api
+      |   |   |-- devices
+      |   |   `-- name
+      |   `-- mtty-2
+      |       |-- available_instances
+      |       |-- create
+      |       |-- device_api
+      |       |-- devices
+      |       `-- name
+      |-- mtty_dev
+      |   `-- sample_mtty_dev
+      |-- power
+      |   |-- autosuspend_delay_ms
+      |   |-- control
+      |   |-- runtime_active_time
+      |   |-- runtime_status
+      |   `-- runtime_suspended_time
+      |-- subsystem -> ../../../../class/mtty
+      `-- uevent
+
+2. Create a mediated device by using the dummy device that you created in the
+   previous step.
+
+   # echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001" >	\
+              /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/mdev_supported_types/mtty-2/create
+
+3. Add parameters to qemu-kvm.
+
+   -device vfio-pci,\
+    sysfsdev=/sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001
+
+4. Boot the VM.
+
+   In the Linux guest VM, with no hardware on the host, the device appears
+   as  follows:
+
+   # lspci -s 00:05.0 -xxvv
+   00:05.0 Serial controller: Device 4348:3253 (rev 10) (prog-if 02 [16550])
+           Subsystem: Device 4348:3253
+           Physical Slot: 5
+           Control: I/O+ Mem- BusMaster- SpecCycle- MemWINV- VGASnoop- ParErr-
+   Stepping- SERR- FastB2B- DisINTx-
+           Status: Cap- 66MHz- UDF- FastB2B- ParErr- DEVSEL=medium >TAbort-
+   <TAbort- <MAbort- >SERR- <PERR- INTx-
+           Interrupt: pin A routed to IRQ 10
+           Region 0: I/O ports at c150 [size=8]
+           Region 1: I/O ports at c158 [size=8]
+           Kernel driver in use: serial
+   00: 48 43 53 32 01 00 00 02 10 02 00 07 00 00 00 00
+   10: 51 c1 00 00 59 c1 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
+   20: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 48 43 53 32
+   30: 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0a 01 00 00
+
+   In the Linux guest VM, dmesg output for the device is as follows:
+
+   serial 0000:00:05.0: PCI INT A -> Link[LNKA] -> GSI 10 (level, high) -> IRQ
+10
+   0000:00:05.0: ttyS1 at I/O 0xc150 (irq = 10) is a 16550A
+   0000:00:05.0: ttyS2 at I/O 0xc158 (irq = 10) is a 16550A
+
+
+5. In the Linux guest VM, check the serial ports.
+
+   # setserial -g /dev/ttyS*
+   /dev/ttyS0, UART: 16550A, Port: 0x03f8, IRQ: 4
+   /dev/ttyS1, UART: 16550A, Port: 0xc150, IRQ: 10
+   /dev/ttyS2, UART: 16550A, Port: 0xc158, IRQ: 10
+
+6. Using a minicom or any terminal enulation program, open port /dev/ttyS1 or
+   /dev/ttyS2 with hardware flow control disabled.
+
+7. Type data on the minicom terminal or send data to the terminal emulation
+   program and read the data.
+
+   Data is loop backed from hosts mtty driver.
+
+8. Destroy the mediated device that you created.
+
+   # echo 1 > /sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001/remove
+
 References
-----------
+==========
 
 [1] See Documentation/vfio.txt for more information on VFIO.
 [2] struct mdev_driver in include/linux/mdev.h
diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile b/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a932edbe38eb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+#
+# Makefile for mtty.c file
+#
+KERNEL_DIR:=/lib/modules/$(shell uname -r)/build
+
+obj-m:=mtty.o
+
+modules clean modules_install:
+	$(MAKE) -C $(KERNEL_DIR) SUBDIRS=$(PWD) $@
+
+default: modules
+
+module: modules
diff --git a/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c b/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6c71d12288d1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1503 @@
+/*
+ * Mediated virtual PCI serial host device driver
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
+ *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
+ *             Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * Sample driver that creates mdev device that simulates serial port over PCI
+ * card.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/uuid.h>
+#include <linux/vfio.h>
+#include <linux/iommu.h>
+#include <linux/sysfs.h>
+#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/mdev.h>
+#include <linux/pci.h>
+#include <linux/serial.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/serial_reg.h>
+#include <linux/eventfd.h>
+/*
+ * #defines
+ */
+
+#define VERSION_STRING  "0.1"
+#define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "NVIDIA Corporation"
+
+#define MTTY_CLASS_NAME "mtty"
+
+#define MTTY_NAME       "mtty"
+
+#define MTTY_STRING_LEN		16
+
+#define MTTY_CONFIG_SPACE_SIZE  0xff
+#define MTTY_IO_BAR_SIZE        0x8
+#define MTTY_MMIO_BAR_SIZE      0x100000
+
+#define STORE_LE16(addr, val)   (*(u16 *)addr = val)
+#define STORE_LE32(addr, val)   (*(u32 *)addr = val)
+
+#define MAX_FIFO_SIZE   16
+
+#define CIRCULAR_BUF_INC_IDX(idx)    (idx = (idx + 1) & (MAX_FIFO_SIZE - 1))
+
+#define MTTY_VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT   40
+
+#define MTTY_VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_TO_INDEX(off)   (off >> MTTY_VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT)
+#define MTTY_VFIO_PCI_INDEX_TO_OFFSET(index) \
+				((u64)(index) << MTTY_VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT)
+#define MTTY_VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_MASK    \
+				(((u64)(1) << MTTY_VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_SHIFT) - 1)
+#define MAX_MTTYS	24
+
+/*
+ * Global Structures
+ */
+
+struct mtty_dev {
+	dev_t		vd_devt;
+	struct class	*vd_class;
+	struct cdev	vd_cdev;
+	struct idr	vd_idr;
+	struct device	dev;
+} mtty_dev;
+
+struct mdev_region_info {
+	u64 start;
+	u64 phys_start;
+	u32 size;
+	u64 vfio_offset;
+};
+
+#if defined(DEBUG_REGS)
+const char *wr_reg[] = {
+	"TX",
+	"IER",
+	"FCR",
+	"LCR",
+	"MCR",
+	"LSR",
+	"MSR",
+	"SCR"
+};
+
+const char *rd_reg[] = {
+	"RX",
+	"IER",
+	"IIR",
+	"LCR",
+	"MCR",
+	"LSR",
+	"MSR",
+	"SCR"
+};
+#endif
+
+/* loop back buffer */
+struct rxtx {
+	u8 fifo[MAX_FIFO_SIZE];
+	u8 head, tail;
+	u8 count;
+};
+
+struct serial_port {
+	u8 uart_reg[8];         /* 8 registers */
+	struct rxtx rxtx;       /* loop back buffer */
+	bool dlab;
+	bool overrun;
+	u16 divisor;
+	u8 fcr;                 /* FIFO control register */
+	u8 max_fifo_size;
+	u8 intr_trigger_level;  /* interrupt trigger level */
+};
+
+/* State of each mdev device */
+struct mdev_state {
+	int irq_fd;
+	struct eventfd_ctx *intx_evtfd;
+	struct eventfd_ctx *msi_evtfd;
+	int irq_index;
+	u8 *vconfig;
+	struct mutex ops_lock;
+	struct mdev_device *mdev;
+	struct mdev_region_info region_info[VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS];
+	u32 bar_mask[VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS];
+	struct list_head next;
+	struct serial_port s[2];
+	struct mutex rxtx_lock;
+	struct vfio_device_info dev_info;
+	int nr_ports;
+};
+
+struct mutex mdev_list_lock;
+struct list_head mdev_devices_list;
+
+static const struct file_operations vd_fops = {
+	.owner          = THIS_MODULE,
+};
+
+/* function prototypes */
+
+static int mtty_trigger_interrupt(uuid_le uuid);
+
+/* Helper functions */
+static struct mdev_state *find_mdev_state_by_uuid(uuid_le uuid)
+{
+	struct mdev_state *mds;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(mds, &mdev_devices_list, next) {
+		if (uuid_le_cmp(mds->mdev->uuid, uuid) == 0)
+			return mds;
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+void dump_buffer(char *buf, uint32_t count)
+{
+#if defined(DEBUG)
+	int i;
+
+	pr_info("Buffer:\n");
+	for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {
+		pr_info("%2x ", *(buf + i));
+		if ((i + 1) % 16 == 0)
+			pr_info("\n");
+	}
+#endif
+}
+
+static void mtty_create_config_space(struct mdev_state *mdev_state)
+{
+	/* PCI dev ID */
+	STORE_LE32((u32 *) &mdev_state->vconfig[0x0], 0x32534348);
+
+	/* Control: I/O+, Mem-, BusMaster- */
+	STORE_LE16((u16 *) &mdev_state->vconfig[0x4], 0x0001);
+
+	/* Status: capabilities list absent */
+	STORE_LE16((u16 *) &mdev_state->vconfig[0x6], 0x0200);
+
+	/* Rev ID */
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x8] =  0x10;
+
+	/* programming interface class : 16550-compatible serial controller */
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x9] =  0x02;
+
+	/* Sub class : 00 */
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0xa] =  0x00;
+
+	/* Base class : Simple Communication controllers */
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0xb] =  0x07;
+
+	/* base address registers */
+	/* BAR0: IO space */
+	STORE_LE32((u32 *) &mdev_state->vconfig[0x10], 0x000001);
+	mdev_state->bar_mask[0] = ~(MTTY_IO_BAR_SIZE) + 1;
+
+	if (mdev_state->nr_ports == 2) {
+		/* BAR1: IO space */
+		STORE_LE32((u32 *) &mdev_state->vconfig[0x14], 0x000001);
+		mdev_state->bar_mask[1] = ~(MTTY_IO_BAR_SIZE) + 1;
+	}
+
+	/* Subsystem ID */
+	STORE_LE32((u32 *) &mdev_state->vconfig[0x2c], 0x32534348);
+
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x34] =  0x00;   /* Cap Ptr */
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x3d] =  0x01;   /* interrupt pin (INTA#) */
+
+	/* Vendor specific data */
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x40] =  0x23;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x43] =  0x80;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x44] =  0x23;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x48] =  0x23;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x4c] =  0x23;
+
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x60] =  0x50;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x61] =  0x43;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x62] =  0x49;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x63] =  0x20;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x64] =  0x53;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x65] =  0x65;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x66] =  0x72;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x67] =  0x69;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x68] =  0x61;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x69] =  0x6c;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x6a] =  0x2f;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x6b] =  0x55;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x6c] =  0x41;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x6d] =  0x52;
+	mdev_state->vconfig[0x6e] =  0x54;
+}
+
+static void handle_pci_cfg_write(struct mdev_state *mdev_state, u16 offset,
+				 char *buf, u32 count)
+{
+	u32 cfg_addr, bar_mask, bar_index = 0;
+
+	switch (offset) {
+	case 0x04: /* device control */
+	case 0x06: /* device status */
+		/* do nothing */
+		break;
+	case 0x3c:  /* interrupt line */
+		mdev_state->vconfig[0x3c] = buf[0];
+		break;
+	case 0x3d:
+		/*
+		 * Interrupt Pin is hardwired to INTA.
+		 * This field is write protected by hardware
+		 */
+		break;
+	case 0x10:  /* BAR0 */
+	case 0x14:  /* BAR1 */
+		if (offset == 0x10)
+			bar_index = 0;
+		else if (offset == 0x14)
+			bar_index = 1;
+
+		if ((mdev_state->nr_ports == 1) && (bar_index == 1)) {
+			STORE_LE32(&mdev_state->vconfig[offset], 0);
+			break;
+		}
+
+		cfg_addr = *(u32 *)buf;
+		pr_info("BAR%d addr 0x%x\n", bar_index, cfg_addr);
+
+		if (cfg_addr == 0xffffffff) {
+			bar_mask = mdev_state->bar_mask[bar_index];
+			cfg_addr = (cfg_addr & bar_mask);
+		}
+
+		cfg_addr |= (mdev_state->vconfig[offset] & 0x3ul);
+		STORE_LE32(&mdev_state->vconfig[offset], cfg_addr);
+		break;
+	case 0x18:  /* BAR2 */
+	case 0x1c:  /* BAR3 */
+	case 0x20:  /* BAR4 */
+		STORE_LE32(&mdev_state->vconfig[offset], 0);
+		break;
+	default:
+		pr_info("PCI config write @0x%x of %d bytes not handled\n",
+			offset, count);
+		break;
+	}
+}
+
+static void handle_bar_write(unsigned int index, struct mdev_state *mdev_state,
+				u16 offset, char *buf, u32 count)
+{
+	u8 data = *buf;
+
+	/* Handle data written by guest */
+	switch (offset) {
+	case UART_TX:
+		/* if DLAB set, data is LSB of divisor */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].dlab) {
+			mdev_state->s[index].divisor |= data;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		mutex_lock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+
+		/* save in TX buffer */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.count <
+				mdev_state->s[index].max_fifo_size) {
+			mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.fifo[
+					mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head] = data;
+			mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.count++;
+			CIRCULAR_BUF_INC_IDX(mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head);
+			mdev_state->s[index].overrun = false;
+
+			/*
+			 * Trigger interrupt if receive data interrupt is
+			 * enabled and fifo reached trigger level
+			 */
+			if ((mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_IER] &
+						UART_IER_RDI) &&
+			   (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.count ==
+				    mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level)) {
+				/* trigger interrupt */
+#if defined(DEBUG_INTR)
+				pr_err("Serial port %d: Fifo level trigger\n",
+					index);
+#endif
+				mtty_trigger_interrupt(mdev_state->mdev->uuid);
+			}
+		} else {
+#if defined(DEBUG_INTR)
+			pr_err("Serial port %d: Buffer Overflow\n", index);
+#endif
+			mdev_state->s[index].overrun = true;
+
+			/*
+			 * Trigger interrupt if receiver line status interrupt
+			 * is enabled
+			 */
+			if (mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_IER] &
+								UART_IER_RLSI)
+				mtty_trigger_interrupt(mdev_state->mdev->uuid);
+		}
+		mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+		break;
+
+	case UART_IER:
+		/* if DLAB set, data is MSB of divisor */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].dlab)
+			mdev_state->s[index].divisor |= (u16)data << 8;
+		else {
+			mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[offset] = data;
+			mutex_lock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+			if ((data & UART_IER_THRI) &&
+			    (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head ==
+					mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail)) {
+#if defined(DEBUG_INTR)
+				pr_err("Serial port %d: IER_THRI write\n",
+					index);
+#endif
+				mtty_trigger_interrupt(mdev_state->mdev->uuid);
+			}
+
+			mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+		}
+
+		break;
+
+	case UART_FCR:
+		mdev_state->s[index].fcr = data;
+
+		mutex_lock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+		if (data & (UART_FCR_CLEAR_RCVR | UART_FCR_CLEAR_XMIT)) {
+			/* clear loop back FIFO */
+			mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.count = 0;
+			mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head = 0;
+			mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail = 0;
+		}
+		mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+
+		switch (data & UART_FCR_TRIGGER_MASK) {
+		case UART_FCR_TRIGGER_1:
+			mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level = 1;
+			break;
+
+		case UART_FCR_TRIGGER_4:
+			mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level = 4;
+			break;
+
+		case UART_FCR_TRIGGER_8:
+			mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level = 8;
+			break;
+
+		case UART_FCR_TRIGGER_14:
+			mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level = 14;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * Set trigger level to 1 otherwise or  implement timer with
+		 * timeout of 4 characters and on expiring that timer set
+		 * Recevice data timeout in IIR register
+		 */
+		mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level = 1;
+		if (data & UART_FCR_ENABLE_FIFO)
+			mdev_state->s[index].max_fifo_size = MAX_FIFO_SIZE;
+		else {
+			mdev_state->s[index].max_fifo_size = 1;
+			mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level = 1;
+		}
+
+		break;
+
+	case UART_LCR:
+		if (data & UART_LCR_DLAB) {
+			mdev_state->s[index].dlab = true;
+			mdev_state->s[index].divisor = 0;
+		} else
+			mdev_state->s[index].dlab = false;
+
+		mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[offset] = data;
+		break;
+
+	case UART_MCR:
+		mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[offset] = data;
+
+		if ((mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_IER] & UART_IER_MSI) &&
+				(data & UART_MCR_OUT2)) {
+#if defined(DEBUG_INTR)
+			pr_err("Serial port %d: MCR_OUT2 write\n", index);
+#endif
+			mtty_trigger_interrupt(mdev_state->mdev->uuid);
+		}
+
+		if ((mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_IER] & UART_IER_MSI) &&
+				(data & (UART_MCR_RTS | UART_MCR_DTR))) {
+#if defined(DEBUG_INTR)
+			pr_err("Serial port %d: MCR RTS/DTR write\n", index);
+#endif
+			mtty_trigger_interrupt(mdev_state->mdev->uuid);
+		}
+		break;
+
+	case UART_LSR:
+	case UART_MSR:
+		/* do nothing */
+		break;
+
+	case UART_SCR:
+		mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[offset] = data;
+		break;
+
+	default:
+		break;
+	}
+}
+
+static void handle_bar_read(unsigned int index, struct mdev_state *mdev_state,
+			    u16 offset, char *buf, u32 count)
+{
+	/* Handle read requests by guest */
+	switch (offset) {
+	case UART_RX:
+		/* if DLAB set, data is LSB of divisor */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].dlab) {
+			*buf  = (u8)mdev_state->s[index].divisor;
+			break;
+		}
+
+		mutex_lock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+		/* return data in tx buffer */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head !=
+				 mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail) {
+			*buf = mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.fifo[
+						mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail];
+			mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.count--;
+			CIRCULAR_BUF_INC_IDX(mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail);
+		}
+
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head ==
+				mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail) {
+		/*
+		 *  Trigger interrupt if tx buffer empty interrupt is
+		 *  enabled and fifo is empty
+		 */
+#if defined(DEBUG_INTR)
+			pr_err("Serial port %d: Buffer Empty\n", index);
+#endif
+			if (mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_IER] &
+							 UART_IER_THRI)
+				mtty_trigger_interrupt(mdev_state->mdev->uuid);
+		}
+		mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+
+		break;
+
+	case UART_IER:
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].dlab) {
+			*buf = (u8)(mdev_state->s[index].divisor >> 8);
+			break;
+		}
+		*buf = mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[offset] & 0x0f;
+		break;
+
+	case UART_IIR:
+	{
+		u8 ier = mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_IER];
+		*buf = 0;
+
+		mutex_lock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+		/* Interrupt priority 1: Parity, overrun, framing or break */
+		if ((ier & UART_IER_RLSI) && mdev_state->s[index].overrun)
+			*buf |= UART_IIR_RLSI;
+
+		/* Interrupt priority 2: Fifo trigger level reached */
+		if ((ier & UART_IER_RDI) &&
+		    (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.count ==
+		      mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level))
+			*buf |= UART_IIR_RDI;
+
+		/* Interrupt priotiry 3: transmitter holding register empty */
+		if ((ier & UART_IER_THRI) &&
+		    (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head ==
+				mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail))
+			*buf |= UART_IIR_THRI;
+
+		/* Interrupt priotiry 4: Modem status: CTS, DSR, RI or DCD  */
+		if ((ier & UART_IER_MSI) &&
+		    (mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_MCR] &
+				 (UART_MCR_RTS | UART_MCR_DTR)))
+			*buf |= UART_IIR_MSI;
+
+		/* bit0: 0=> interrupt pending, 1=> no interrupt is pending */
+		if (*buf == 0)
+			*buf = UART_IIR_NO_INT;
+
+		/* set bit 6 & 7 to be 16550 compatible */
+		*buf |= 0xC0;
+		mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+	}
+	break;
+
+	case UART_LCR:
+	case UART_MCR:
+		*buf = mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[offset];
+		break;
+
+	case UART_LSR:
+	{
+		u8 lsr = 0;
+
+		mutex_lock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+		/* atleast one char in FIFO */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head !=
+				 mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail)
+			lsr |= UART_LSR_DR;
+
+		/* if FIFO overrun */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].overrun)
+			lsr |= UART_LSR_OE;
+
+		/* transmit FIFO empty and tramsitter empty */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head ==
+				 mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail)
+			lsr |= UART_LSR_TEMT | UART_LSR_THRE;
+
+		mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+		*buf = lsr;
+		break;
+	}
+	case UART_MSR:
+		*buf = UART_MSR_DSR | UART_MSR_DDSR | UART_MSR_DCD;
+
+		mutex_lock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+		/* if AFE is 1 and FIFO have space, set CTS bit */
+		if (mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_MCR] &
+						 UART_MCR_AFE) {
+			if (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.count <
+					mdev_state->s[index].max_fifo_size)
+				*buf |= UART_MSR_CTS | UART_MSR_DCTS;
+		} else
+			*buf |= UART_MSR_CTS | UART_MSR_DCTS;
+		mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+
+		break;
+
+	case UART_SCR:
+		*buf = mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[offset];
+		break;
+
+	default:
+		break;
+	}
+}
+
+static void mdev_read_base(struct mdev_state *mdev_state)
+{
+	int index, pos;
+	u32 start_lo, start_hi;
+	u32 mem_type;
+
+	pos = PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_0;
+
+	for (index = 0; index <= VFIO_PCI_BAR5_REGION_INDEX; index++) {
+
+		if (!mdev_state->region_info[index].size)
+			continue;
+
+		start_lo = (*(u32 *)(mdev_state->vconfig + pos)) &
+			PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_MEM_MASK;
+		mem_type = (*(u32 *)(mdev_state->vconfig + pos)) &
+			PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_MEM_TYPE_MASK;
+
+		switch (mem_type) {
+		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_MEM_TYPE_64:
+			start_hi = (*(u32 *)(mdev_state->vconfig + pos + 4));
+			pos += 4;
+			break;
+		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_MEM_TYPE_32:
+		case PCI_BASE_ADDRESS_MEM_TYPE_1M:
+			/* 1M mem BAR treated as 32-bit BAR */
+		default:
+			/* mem unknown type treated as 32-bit BAR */
+			start_hi = 0;
+			break;
+		}
+		pos += 4;
+		mdev_state->region_info[index].start = ((u64)start_hi << 32) |
+							start_lo;
+	}
+}
+
+static ssize_t mdev_access(struct mdev_device *mdev, char *buf, size_t count,
+			   loff_t pos, bool is_write)
+{
+	struct mdev_state *mdev_state;
+	unsigned int index;
+	loff_t offset;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (!mdev || !buf)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mdev_state = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	if (!mdev_state) {
+		pr_err("%s mdev_state not found\n", __func__);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	mutex_lock(&mdev_state->ops_lock);
+
+	index = MTTY_VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_TO_INDEX(pos);
+	offset = pos & MTTY_VFIO_PCI_OFFSET_MASK;
+	switch (index) {
+	case VFIO_PCI_CONFIG_REGION_INDEX:
+
+#if defined(DEBUG)
+		pr_info("%s: PCI config space %s at offset 0x%llx\n",
+			 __func__, is_write ? "write" : "read", offset);
+#endif
+		if (is_write) {
+			dump_buffer(buf, count);
+			handle_pci_cfg_write(mdev_state, offset, buf, count);
+		} else {
+			memcpy(buf, (mdev_state->vconfig + offset), count);
+			dump_buffer(buf, count);
+		}
+
+		break;
+
+	case VFIO_PCI_BAR0_REGION_INDEX ... VFIO_PCI_BAR5_REGION_INDEX:
+		if (!mdev_state->region_info[index].start)
+			mdev_read_base(mdev_state);
+
+		if (is_write) {
+			dump_buffer(buf, count);
+
+#if defined(DEBUG_REGS)
+			pr_info("%s: BAR%d  WR @0x%llx %s val:0x%02x dlab:%d\n",
+				__func__, index, offset, wr_reg[offset],
+				(u8)*buf, mdev_state->s[index].dlab);
+#endif
+			handle_bar_write(index, mdev_state, offset, buf, count);
+		} else {
+			handle_bar_read(index, mdev_state, offset, buf, count);
+			dump_buffer(buf, count);
+
+#if defined(DEBUG_REGS)
+			pr_info("%s: BAR%d  RD @0x%llx %s val:0x%02x dlab:%d\n",
+				__func__, index, offset, rd_reg[offset],
+				(u8)*buf, mdev_state->s[index].dlab);
+#endif
+		}
+		break;
+
+	default:
+		ret = -1;
+		goto accessfailed;
+	}
+
+	ret = count;
+
+
+accessfailed:
+	mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->ops_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int mtty_create(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	struct mdev_state *mdev_state;
+	char name[MTTY_STRING_LEN];
+	int nr_ports = 0, i;
+
+	if (!mdev)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
+		snprintf(name, MTTY_STRING_LEN, "%s-%d",
+			dev_driver_string(mdev->parent->dev), i + 1);
+		if (!strcmp(kobj->name, name)) {
+			nr_ports = i + 1;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (!nr_ports)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mdev_state = kzalloc(sizeof(struct mdev_state), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (mdev_state == NULL)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	mdev_state->nr_ports = nr_ports;
+	mdev_state->irq_index = -1;
+	mdev_state->s[0].max_fifo_size = MAX_FIFO_SIZE;
+	mdev_state->s[1].max_fifo_size = MAX_FIFO_SIZE;
+	mutex_init(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
+	mdev_state->vconfig = kzalloc(MTTY_CONFIG_SPACE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+
+	if (mdev_state->vconfig == NULL) {
+		kfree(mdev_state);
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	mutex_init(&mdev_state->ops_lock);
+	mdev_state->mdev = mdev;
+	mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, mdev_state);
+
+	mtty_create_config_space(mdev_state);
+
+	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
+	list_add(&mdev_state->next, &mdev_devices_list);
+	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int mtty_remove(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	struct mdev_state *mds, *tmp_mds;
+	struct mdev_state *mdev_state = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&mdev_list_lock);
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(mds, tmp_mds, &mdev_devices_list, next) {
+		if (mdev_state == mds) {
+			list_del(&mdev_state->next);
+			mdev_set_drvdata(mdev, NULL);
+			kfree(mdev_state->vconfig);
+			kfree(mdev_state);
+			ret = 0;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&mdev_list_lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int mtty_reset(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	struct mdev_state *mdev_state;
+
+	if (!mdev)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mdev_state = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	if (!mdev_state)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	pr_info("%s: called\n", __func__);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+ssize_t mtty_read(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf, size_t count,
+		  loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	unsigned int done = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	while (count) {
+		size_t filled;
+
+		if (count >= 4 && !(*ppos % 4)) {
+			u32 val;
+
+			ret =  mdev_access(mdev, (char *)&val, sizeof(val),
+					   *ppos, false);
+			if (ret <= 0)
+				goto read_err;
+
+			if (copy_to_user(buf, &val, sizeof(val)))
+				goto read_err;
+
+			filled = 4;
+		} else if (count >= 2 && !(*ppos % 2)) {
+			u16 val;
+
+			ret = mdev_access(mdev, (char *)&val, sizeof(val),
+					  *ppos, false);
+			if (ret <= 0)
+				goto read_err;
+
+			if (copy_to_user(buf, &val, sizeof(val)))
+				goto read_err;
+
+			filled = 2;
+		} else {
+			u8 val;
+
+			ret = mdev_access(mdev, (char *)&val, sizeof(val),
+					  *ppos, false);
+			if (ret <= 0)
+				goto read_err;
+
+			if (copy_to_user(buf, &val, sizeof(val)))
+				goto read_err;
+
+			filled = 1;
+		}
+
+		count -= filled;
+		done += filled;
+		*ppos += filled;
+		buf += filled;
+	}
+
+	return done;
+
+read_err:
+	return -EFAULT;
+}
+
+ssize_t mtty_write(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
+		   size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+	unsigned int done = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	while (count) {
+		size_t filled;
+
+		if (count >= 4 && !(*ppos % 4)) {
+			u32 val;
+
+			if (copy_from_user(&val, buf, sizeof(val)))
+				goto write_err;
+
+			ret = mdev_access(mdev, (char *)&val, sizeof(val),
+					  *ppos, true);
+			if (ret <= 0)
+				goto write_err;
+
+			filled = 4;
+		} else if (count >= 2 && !(*ppos % 2)) {
+			u16 val;
+
+			if (copy_from_user(&val, buf, sizeof(val)))
+				goto write_err;
+
+			ret = mdev_access(mdev, (char *)&val, sizeof(val),
+					  *ppos, true);
+			if (ret <= 0)
+				goto write_err;
+
+			filled = 2;
+		} else {
+			u8 val;
+
+			if (copy_from_user(&val, buf, sizeof(val)))
+				goto write_err;
+
+			ret = mdev_access(mdev, (char *)&val, sizeof(val),
+					  *ppos, true);
+			if (ret <= 0)
+				goto write_err;
+
+			filled = 1;
+		}
+		count -= filled;
+		done += filled;
+		*ppos += filled;
+		buf += filled;
+	}
+
+	return done;
+write_err:
+	return -EFAULT;
+}
+
+static int mtty_set_irqs(struct mdev_device *mdev, uint32_t flags,
+			 unsigned int index, unsigned int start,
+			 unsigned int count, void *data)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	struct mdev_state *mdev_state;
+
+	if (!mdev)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mdev_state = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	if (!mdev_state)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&mdev_state->ops_lock);
+	switch (index) {
+	case VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX:
+		switch (flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK) {
+		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_MASK:
+		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_UNMASK:
+			break;
+		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TRIGGER:
+		{
+			if (flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE) {
+				pr_info("%s: disable INTx\n", __func__);
+				if (mdev_state->intx_evtfd)
+					eventfd_ctx_put(mdev_state->intx_evtfd);
+				break;
+			}
+
+			if (flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD) {
+				int fd = *(int *)data;
+
+				if (fd > 0) {
+					struct eventfd_ctx *evt;
+
+					evt = eventfd_ctx_fdget(fd);
+					if (IS_ERR(evt)) {
+						ret = PTR_ERR(evt);
+						break;
+					}
+					mdev_state->intx_evtfd = evt;
+					mdev_state->irq_fd = fd;
+					mdev_state->irq_index = index;
+					break;
+				}
+			}
+			break;
+		}
+		}
+		break;
+	case VFIO_PCI_MSI_IRQ_INDEX:
+		switch (flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK) {
+		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_MASK:
+		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_UNMASK:
+			break;
+		case VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TRIGGER:
+			if (flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE) {
+				if (mdev_state->msi_evtfd)
+					eventfd_ctx_put(mdev_state->msi_evtfd);
+				pr_info("%s: disable MSI\n", __func__);
+				mdev_state->irq_index = VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX;
+				break;
+			}
+			if (flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD) {
+				int fd = *(int *)data;
+				struct eventfd_ctx *evt;
+
+				if (fd <= 0)
+					break;
+
+				if (mdev_state->msi_evtfd)
+					break;
+
+				evt = eventfd_ctx_fdget(fd);
+				if (IS_ERR(evt)) {
+					ret = PTR_ERR(evt);
+					break;
+				}
+				mdev_state->msi_evtfd = evt;
+				mdev_state->irq_fd = fd;
+				mdev_state->irq_index = index;
+			}
+			break;
+	}
+	break;
+	case VFIO_PCI_MSIX_IRQ_INDEX:
+		pr_info("%s: MSIX_IRQ\n", __func__);
+		break;
+	case VFIO_PCI_ERR_IRQ_INDEX:
+		pr_info("%s: ERR_IRQ\n", __func__);
+		break;
+	case VFIO_PCI_REQ_IRQ_INDEX:
+		pr_info("%s: REQ_IRQ\n", __func__);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->ops_lock);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static int mtty_trigger_interrupt(uuid_le uuid)
+{
+	int ret = -1;
+	struct mdev_state *mdev_state;
+
+	mdev_state = find_mdev_state_by_uuid(uuid);
+
+	if (!mdev_state) {
+		pr_info("%s: mdev not found\n", __func__);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if ((mdev_state->irq_index == VFIO_PCI_MSI_IRQ_INDEX) &&
+	    (!mdev_state->msi_evtfd))
+		return -EINVAL;
+	else if ((mdev_state->irq_index == VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX) &&
+		 (!mdev_state->intx_evtfd)) {
+		pr_info("%s: Intr eventfd not found\n", __func__);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	if (mdev_state->irq_index == VFIO_PCI_MSI_IRQ_INDEX)
+		ret = eventfd_signal(mdev_state->msi_evtfd, 1);
+	else
+		ret = eventfd_signal(mdev_state->intx_evtfd, 1);
+
+#if defined(DEBUG_INTR)
+	pr_info("Intx triggered\n");
+#endif
+	if (ret != 1)
+		pr_err("%s: eventfd signal failed (%d)\n", __func__, ret);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+int mtty_get_region_info(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+			 struct vfio_region_info *region_info,
+			 u16 *cap_type_id, void **cap_type)
+{
+	unsigned int size = 0;
+	struct mdev_state *mdev_state;
+	int bar_index;
+
+	if (!mdev)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mdev_state = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	if (!mdev_state)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mutex_lock(&mdev_state->ops_lock);
+	bar_index = region_info->index;
+
+	switch (bar_index) {
+	case VFIO_PCI_CONFIG_REGION_INDEX:
+		size = MTTY_CONFIG_SPACE_SIZE;
+		break;
+	case VFIO_PCI_BAR0_REGION_INDEX:
+		size = MTTY_IO_BAR_SIZE;
+		break;
+	case VFIO_PCI_BAR1_REGION_INDEX:
+		if (mdev_state->nr_ports == 2)
+			size = MTTY_IO_BAR_SIZE;
+		break;
+	default:
+		size = 0;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	mdev_state->region_info[bar_index].size = size;
+	mdev_state->region_info[bar_index].vfio_offset =
+		MTTY_VFIO_PCI_INDEX_TO_OFFSET(bar_index);
+
+	region_info->size = size;
+	region_info->offset = MTTY_VFIO_PCI_INDEX_TO_OFFSET(bar_index);
+	region_info->flags = VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_READ |
+		VFIO_REGION_INFO_FLAG_WRITE;
+	mutex_unlock(&mdev_state->ops_lock);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int mtty_get_irq_info(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct vfio_irq_info *irq_info)
+{
+	switch (irq_info->index) {
+	case VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX:
+	case VFIO_PCI_MSI_IRQ_INDEX:
+	case VFIO_PCI_REQ_IRQ_INDEX:
+		break;
+
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	irq_info->flags = VFIO_IRQ_INFO_EVENTFD;
+	irq_info->count = 1;
+
+	if (irq_info->index == VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX)
+		irq_info->flags |= (VFIO_IRQ_INFO_MASKABLE |
+				VFIO_IRQ_INFO_AUTOMASKED);
+	else
+		irq_info->flags |= VFIO_IRQ_INFO_NORESIZE;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+int mtty_get_device_info(struct mdev_device *mdev,
+			 struct vfio_device_info *dev_info)
+{
+	dev_info->flags = VFIO_DEVICE_FLAGS_PCI;
+	dev_info->num_regions = VFIO_PCI_NUM_REGIONS;
+	dev_info->num_irqs = VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static long mtty_ioctl(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
+			unsigned long arg)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+	unsigned long minsz;
+	struct mdev_state *mdev_state;
+
+	if (!mdev)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	mdev_state = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
+	if (!mdev_state)
+		return -ENODEV;
+
+	switch (cmd) {
+	case VFIO_DEVICE_GET_INFO:
+	{
+		struct vfio_device_info info;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_device_info, num_irqs);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (info.argsz < minsz)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		ret = mtty_get_device_info(mdev, &info);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		memcpy(&mdev_state->dev_info, &info, sizeof(info));
+
+		return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz);
+	}
+	case VFIO_DEVICE_GET_REGION_INFO:
+	{
+		struct vfio_region_info info;
+		u16 cap_type_id = 0;
+		void *cap_type = NULL;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_region_info, offset);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if (info.argsz < minsz)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		ret = mtty_get_region_info(mdev, &info, &cap_type_id,
+					   &cap_type);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz);
+	}
+
+	case VFIO_DEVICE_GET_IRQ_INFO:
+	{
+		struct vfio_irq_info info;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_info, count);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&info, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		if ((info.argsz < minsz) ||
+		    (info.index >= mdev_state->dev_info.num_irqs))
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		ret = mtty_get_irq_info(mdev, &info);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		if (info.count == -1)
+			return -EINVAL;
+
+		return copy_to_user((void __user *)arg, &info, minsz);
+	}
+	case VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS:
+	{
+		struct vfio_irq_set hdr;
+		u8 *data = NULL, *ptr = NULL;
+		size_t data_size = 0;
+
+		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
+
+		if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
+			return -EFAULT;
+
+		ret = vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(&hdr,
+						mdev_state->dev_info.num_irqs,
+						VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS,
+						&data_size);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+
+		if (data_size) {
+			ptr = data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz),
+						 data_size);
+			if (IS_ERR(data))
+				return PTR_ERR(data);
+		}
+
+		ret = mtty_set_irqs(mdev, hdr.flags, hdr.index, hdr.start,
+				    hdr.count, data);
+
+		kfree(ptr);
+		return ret;
+	}
+	case VFIO_DEVICE_RESET:
+		return mtty_reset(mdev);
+	}
+	return -ENOTTY;
+}
+
+int mtty_open(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	pr_info("%s\n", __func__);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+void mtty_close(struct mdev_device *mdev)
+{
+	pr_info("%s\n", __func__);
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+sample_mtty_dev_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+		     char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "This is phy device\n");
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(sample_mtty_dev);
+
+static struct attribute *mtty_dev_attrs[] = {
+	&dev_attr_sample_mtty_dev.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group mtty_dev_group = {
+	.name  = "mtty_dev",
+	.attrs = mtty_dev_attrs,
+};
+
+const struct attribute_group *mtty_dev_groups[] = {
+	&mtty_dev_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static ssize_t
+sample_mdev_dev_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+		     char *buf)
+{
+	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
+
+	if (mdev)
+		return sprintf(buf, "This is MDEV %s\n", dev_name(&mdev->dev));
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "\n");
+}
+
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(sample_mdev_dev);
+
+static struct attribute *mdev_dev_attrs[] = {
+	&dev_attr_sample_mdev_dev.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group mdev_dev_group = {
+	.name  = "vendor",
+	.attrs = mdev_dev_attrs,
+};
+
+const struct attribute_group *mdev_dev_groups[] = {
+	&mdev_dev_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static ssize_t
+name_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+	char name[MTTY_STRING_LEN];
+	int i;
+	const char *name_str[2] = {"Single port serial", "Dual port serial"};
+
+	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
+		snprintf(name, MTTY_STRING_LEN, "%s-%d",
+			 dev_driver_string(dev), i + 1);
+		if (!strcmp(kobj->name, name))
+			return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", name_str[i]);
+	}
+
+	return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(name);
+
+static ssize_t
+available_instances_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev, char *buf)
+{
+	char name[MTTY_STRING_LEN];
+	int i;
+	struct mdev_state *mds;
+	int ports = 0, used = 0;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < 2; i++) {
+		snprintf(name, MTTY_STRING_LEN, "%s-%d",
+			 dev_driver_string(dev), i + 1);
+		if (!strcmp(kobj->name, name)) {
+			ports = i + 1;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (!ports)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(mds, &mdev_devices_list, next)
+		used += mds->nr_ports;
+
+	return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", (MAX_MTTYS - used)/ports);
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(available_instances);
+
+
+static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
+			       char *buf)
+{
+	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", VFIO_DEVICE_API_PCI_STRING);
+}
+
+MDEV_TYPE_ATTR_RO(device_api);
+
+static struct attribute *mdev_types_attrs[] = {
+	&mdev_type_attr_name.attr,
+	&mdev_type_attr_device_api.attr,
+	&mdev_type_attr_available_instances.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group mdev_type_group1 = {
+	.name  = "1",
+	.attrs = mdev_types_attrs,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group mdev_type_group2 = {
+	.name  = "2",
+	.attrs = mdev_types_attrs,
+};
+
+struct attribute_group *mdev_type_groups[] = {
+	&mdev_type_group1,
+	&mdev_type_group2,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+struct parent_ops mdev_fops = {
+	.owner                  = THIS_MODULE,
+	.dev_attr_groups        = mtty_dev_groups,
+	.mdev_attr_groups       = mdev_dev_groups,
+	.supported_type_groups  = mdev_type_groups,
+	.create                 = mtty_create,
+	.remove			= mtty_remove,
+	.open                   = mtty_open,
+	.release                = mtty_close,
+	.read                   = mtty_read,
+	.write                  = mtty_write,
+	.ioctl		        = mtty_ioctl,
+};
+
+static void mtty_device_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+	dev_dbg(dev, "mtty: released\n");
+}
+
+static int __init mtty_dev_init(void)
+{
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	pr_info("mtty_dev: %s\n", __func__);
+
+	memset(&mtty_dev, 0, sizeof(mtty_dev));
+
+	idr_init(&mtty_dev.vd_idr);
+
+	ret = alloc_chrdev_region(&mtty_dev.vd_devt, 0, MINORMASK, MTTY_NAME);
+
+	if (ret < 0) {
+		pr_err("Error: failed to register mtty_dev, err:%d\n", ret);
+		return ret;
+	}
+
+	cdev_init(&mtty_dev.vd_cdev, &vd_fops);
+	cdev_add(&mtty_dev.vd_cdev, mtty_dev.vd_devt, MINORMASK);
+
+	pr_info("major_number:%d\n", MAJOR(mtty_dev.vd_devt));
+
+	mtty_dev.vd_class = class_create(THIS_MODULE, MTTY_CLASS_NAME);
+
+	if (IS_ERR(mtty_dev.vd_class)) {
+		pr_err("Error: failed to register mtty_dev class\n");
+		goto failed1;
+	}
+
+	mtty_dev.dev.class = mtty_dev.vd_class;
+	mtty_dev.dev.release = mtty_device_release;
+	dev_set_name(&mtty_dev.dev, "%s", MTTY_NAME);
+
+	ret = device_register(&mtty_dev.dev);
+	if (ret)
+		goto failed2;
+
+	if (mdev_register_device(&mtty_dev.dev, &mdev_fops) != 0)
+		goto failed3;
+
+	mutex_init(&mdev_list_lock);
+	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mdev_devices_list);
+
+	goto all_done;
+
+failed3:
+
+	device_unregister(&mtty_dev.dev);
+failed2:
+	class_destroy(mtty_dev.vd_class);
+
+failed1:
+	cdev_del(&mtty_dev.vd_cdev);
+	unregister_chrdev_region(mtty_dev.vd_devt, MINORMASK);
+
+all_done:
+	return ret;
+}
+
+static void __exit mtty_dev_exit(void)
+{
+	mtty_dev.dev.bus = NULL;
+	mdev_unregister_device(&mtty_dev.dev);
+
+	device_unregister(&mtty_dev.dev);
+	idr_destroy(&mtty_dev.vd_idr);
+	cdev_del(&mtty_dev.vd_cdev);
+	unregister_chrdev_region(mtty_dev.vd_devt, MINORMASK);
+	class_destroy(mtty_dev.vd_class);
+	mtty_dev.vd_class = NULL;
+	pr_info("mtty_dev: Unloaded!\n");
+}
+
+module_init(mtty_dev_init)
+module_exit(mtty_dev_exit)
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_INFO(supported, "Test driver that simulate serial port over PCI");
+MODULE_VERSION(VERSION_STRING);
+MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v11 22/22] MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (20 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 21/22] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated " Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-04 21:10 ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  3:30 ` [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Alexey Kardashevskiy
  22 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-04 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel,
	Kirti Wankhede

Adding myself as a maintainer of mediated device framework,
a sub module of VFIO.

Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
Change-Id: I58f6717783e0d4008ca31f4a5c4494696bae8571
---
 MAINTAINERS | 9 +++++++++
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index f30b8ea700fd..a3165b6407a5 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -12729,6 +12729,15 @@ F:	drivers/vfio/
 F:	include/linux/vfio.h
 F:	include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
 
+VFIO MEDIATED DEVICE DRIVERS
+M:	Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
+L:	kvm@vger.kernel.org
+S:	Maintained
+F:	Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
+F:	drivers/vfio/mdev/
+F:	include/linux/mdev.h
+F:	samples/vfio-mdev/
+
 VFIO PLATFORM DRIVER
 M:	Baptiste Reynal <b.reynal@virtualopensystems.com>
 L:	kvm@vger.kernel.org
-- 
2.7.0

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support
  2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
                   ` (21 preceding siblings ...)
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 22/22] MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07  3:30 ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-07  3:59   ` Kirti Wankhede
  22 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-07  3:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> This series adds Mediated device support to Linux host kernel. Purpose
> of this series is to provide a common interface for mediated device
> management that can be used by different devices. This series introduces
> Mdev core module that creates and manages mediated devices, VFIO based
> driver for mediated devices that are created by mdev core module and
> update VFIO type1 IOMMU module to support pinning & unpinning for mediated
> devices.
> 
> What changed in v11?
> mdev core:
>   Register mdev_bus class when first device is registed to avoid panic if
>   any vendor driver and mdev driver are selected as built-in but vendor
>   driver loads first and then mdev module.
> vfio_mdev:
>   Added notifier callback function to mdev parent's ops so that notifer
>   is registered from vfio_mdev module during device open and unregistered
>   it from device close call. This is a optional callback. Some drivers
>   using mdev framework might not pin or unpin pages, for example the
>   sample mtty driver that simulates serial port. Vendor driver who need to
>   pin/unpin pages should provide this callback. Otherwise pin request
>   would fail.
> vfio_iommu_type1:
>   Updated to keep track of who (task and address space) mapped iova range.
>   During DMA_UNMAP, same task who mapped it or other task who shares same
>   address space is allowed to unmap, otherwise unmap fails.
>   QEMU maps few iova ranges initially, then fork threads and from the child
>   thread calls DMA_UNMAP on previously mapped iova. Since child shares same
>   address space, DMA_UNMAP is successful.
>   Address space keeps track of pages pinned (pfn_list) by external user /
>   mdev devices. This pfn_list is used to verify pfn during unpin_request,
>   re-accounting of pages when direct device assigned in hot-unplugged and
>   mdev device is present in same container.
>   When the container is released, all mapped iova from all tasks are
>   unmapped and removed.
> 
>   Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>    - GPU pass through only
>    - vGPU device only
>    - One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
>    - Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
>      exist
>    - Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
>      exist
> 
>   Patch series tested with linux-next upto commit 14970f204b19 @Fri Oct 28
>   Resolved against conflicting change:

Patch 11/22 does not apply if the patchset is applied on top of 14970f204b19.



>   05692d7005a3 vfio/pci: Fix integer overflows, bitmask check
> 
> 
> Kirti Wankhede (22):
>   vfio: Mediated device Core driver
>   vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices
>   vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev
>   vfio: Common function to increment container_users
>   vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to
>     vfio_iommu_driver_ops
>   vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct
>   vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn()
>   vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function
>   vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
>   vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
>   vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
>   vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev
>   vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
>   vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability()
>   vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>   vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>   vfio_platform: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>   vfio: Define device_api strings
>   docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices
>   docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework
>   docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated device
>     framework.
>   MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers
> 
>  Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev |  111 ++
>  Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt        |  399 +++++++
>  MAINTAINERS                                   |    9 +
>  drivers/vfio/Kconfig                          |    1 +
>  drivers/vfio/Makefile                         |    1 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig                     |   17 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile                    |    5 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c                 |  388 +++++++
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c               |  122 ++
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h              |   41 +
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c                |  286 +++++
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c                 |  167 +++
>  drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c                   |   83 +-
>  drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c  |   31 +-
>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c                           |  334 +++++-
>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c               |  831 ++++++++++++--
>  include/linux/mdev.h                          |  176 +++
>  include/linux/vfio.h                          |   32 +-
>  include/uapi/linux/vfio.h                     |   10 +
>  samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile                    |   13 +
>  samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c                      | 1503 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  21 files changed, 4342 insertions(+), 218 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
>  create mode 100644 include/linux/mdev.h
>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
> 


-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support
  2016-11-07  3:30 ` [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-07  3:59   ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  5:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  6:15     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-07  3:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/7/2016 9:00 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>> This series adds Mediated device support to Linux host kernel. Purpose
>> of this series is to provide a common interface for mediated device
>> management that can be used by different devices. This series introduces
>> Mdev core module that creates and manages mediated devices, VFIO based
>> driver for mediated devices that are created by mdev core module and
>> update VFIO type1 IOMMU module to support pinning & unpinning for mediated
>> devices.
>>
>> What changed in v11?
>> mdev core:
>>   Register mdev_bus class when first device is registed to avoid panic if
>>   any vendor driver and mdev driver are selected as built-in but vendor
>>   driver loads first and then mdev module.
>> vfio_mdev:
>>   Added notifier callback function to mdev parent's ops so that notifer
>>   is registered from vfio_mdev module during device open and unregistered
>>   it from device close call. This is a optional callback. Some drivers
>>   using mdev framework might not pin or unpin pages, for example the
>>   sample mtty driver that simulates serial port. Vendor driver who need to
>>   pin/unpin pages should provide this callback. Otherwise pin request
>>   would fail.
>> vfio_iommu_type1:
>>   Updated to keep track of who (task and address space) mapped iova range.
>>   During DMA_UNMAP, same task who mapped it or other task who shares same
>>   address space is allowed to unmap, otherwise unmap fails.
>>   QEMU maps few iova ranges initially, then fork threads and from the child
>>   thread calls DMA_UNMAP on previously mapped iova. Since child shares same
>>   address space, DMA_UNMAP is successful.
>>   Address space keeps track of pages pinned (pfn_list) by external user /
>>   mdev devices. This pfn_list is used to verify pfn during unpin_request,
>>   re-accounting of pages when direct device assigned in hot-unplugged and
>>   mdev device is present in same container.
>>   When the container is released, all mapped iova from all tasks are
>>   unmapped and removed.
>>
>>   Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>>    - GPU pass through only
>>    - vGPU device only
>>    - One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
>>    - Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
>>      exist
>>    - Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
>>      exist
>>
>>   Patch series tested with linux-next upto commit 14970f204b19 @Fri Oct 28
>>   Resolved against conflicting change:
> 
> Patch 11/22 does not apply if the patchset is applied on top of 14970f204b19.
> 
> 

Pull commit 05692d7005a3 (below) commit.

> 
>>   05692d7005a3 vfio/pci: Fix integer overflows, bitmask check
>>

Thanks,
Kirti

>>
>> Kirti Wankhede (22):
>>   vfio: Mediated device Core driver
>>   vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices
>>   vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev
>>   vfio: Common function to increment container_users
>>   vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to
>>     vfio_iommu_driver_ops
>>   vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct
>>   vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn()
>>   vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function
>>   vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
>>   vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
>>   vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
>>   vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev
>>   vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
>>   vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability()
>>   vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>   vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>   vfio_platform: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>   vfio: Define device_api strings
>>   docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices
>>   docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework
>>   docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated device
>>     framework.
>>   MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers
>>
>>  Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev |  111 ++
>>  Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt        |  399 +++++++
>>  MAINTAINERS                                   |    9 +
>>  drivers/vfio/Kconfig                          |    1 +
>>  drivers/vfio/Makefile                         |    1 +
>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig                     |   17 +
>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile                    |    5 +
>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c                 |  388 +++++++
>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c               |  122 ++
>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h              |   41 +
>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c                |  286 +++++
>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c                 |  167 +++
>>  drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c                   |   83 +-
>>  drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c  |   31 +-
>>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c                           |  334 +++++-
>>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c               |  831 ++++++++++++--
>>  include/linux/mdev.h                          |  176 +++
>>  include/linux/vfio.h                          |   32 +-
>>  include/uapi/linux/vfio.h                     |   10 +
>>  samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile                    |   13 +
>>  samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c                      | 1503 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  21 files changed, 4342 insertions(+), 218 deletions(-)
>>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev
>>  create mode 100644 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
>>  create mode 100644 include/linux/mdev.h
>>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
>>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
>>
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support
  2016-11-07  3:59   ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07  5:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  6:15     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-07  5:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel


Verified that this patch series gets applied cleanly to Linux-next upto:
bc33b0ca11e3 Linux 4.9-rc4

Also tested this patch series with above kernel.

Thanks,
Kirti

On 11/7/2016 9:29 AM, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> 
> 
> On 11/7/2016 9:00 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>> This series adds Mediated device support to Linux host kernel. Purpose
>>> of this series is to provide a common interface for mediated device
>>> management that can be used by different devices. This series introduces
>>> Mdev core module that creates and manages mediated devices, VFIO based
>>> driver for mediated devices that are created by mdev core module and
>>> update VFIO type1 IOMMU module to support pinning & unpinning for mediated
>>> devices.
>>>
>>> What changed in v11?
>>> mdev core:
>>>   Register mdev_bus class when first device is registed to avoid panic if
>>>   any vendor driver and mdev driver are selected as built-in but vendor
>>>   driver loads first and then mdev module.
>>> vfio_mdev:
>>>   Added notifier callback function to mdev parent's ops so that notifer
>>>   is registered from vfio_mdev module during device open and unregistered
>>>   it from device close call. This is a optional callback. Some drivers
>>>   using mdev framework might not pin or unpin pages, for example the
>>>   sample mtty driver that simulates serial port. Vendor driver who need to
>>>   pin/unpin pages should provide this callback. Otherwise pin request
>>>   would fail.
>>> vfio_iommu_type1:
>>>   Updated to keep track of who (task and address space) mapped iova range.
>>>   During DMA_UNMAP, same task who mapped it or other task who shares same
>>>   address space is allowed to unmap, otherwise unmap fails.
>>>   QEMU maps few iova ranges initially, then fork threads and from the child
>>>   thread calls DMA_UNMAP on previously mapped iova. Since child shares same
>>>   address space, DMA_UNMAP is successful.
>>>   Address space keeps track of pages pinned (pfn_list) by external user /
>>>   mdev devices. This pfn_list is used to verify pfn during unpin_request,
>>>   re-accounting of pages when direct device assigned in hot-unplugged and
>>>   mdev device is present in same container.
>>>   When the container is released, all mapped iova from all tasks are
>>>   unmapped and removed.
>>>
>>>   Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>>>    - GPU pass through only
>>>    - vGPU device only
>>>    - One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
>>>    - Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
>>>      exist
>>>    - Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
>>>      exist
>>>
>>>   Patch series tested with linux-next upto commit 14970f204b19 @Fri Oct 28
>>>   Resolved against conflicting change:
>>
>> Patch 11/22 does not apply if the patchset is applied on top of 14970f204b19.
>>
>>
> 
> Pull commit 05692d7005a3 (below) commit.
> 
>>
>>>   05692d7005a3 vfio/pci: Fix integer overflows, bitmask check
>>>
> 
> Thanks,
> Kirti
> 
>>>
>>> Kirti Wankhede (22):
>>>   vfio: Mediated device Core driver
>>>   vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices
>>>   vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev
>>>   vfio: Common function to increment container_users
>>>   vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to
>>>     vfio_iommu_driver_ops
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn()
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
>>>   vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
>>>   vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev
>>>   vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
>>>   vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability()
>>>   vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>>   vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>>   vfio_platform: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>>   vfio: Define device_api strings
>>>   docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices
>>>   docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework
>>>   docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated device
>>>     framework.
>>>   MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers
>>>
>>>  Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev |  111 ++
>>>  Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt        |  399 +++++++
>>>  MAINTAINERS                                   |    9 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/Kconfig                          |    1 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/Makefile                         |    1 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig                     |   17 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile                    |    5 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c                 |  388 +++++++
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c               |  122 ++
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h              |   41 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c                |  286 +++++
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c                 |  167 +++
>>>  drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c                   |   83 +-
>>>  drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c  |   31 +-
>>>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c                           |  334 +++++-
>>>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c               |  831 ++++++++++++--
>>>  include/linux/mdev.h                          |  176 +++
>>>  include/linux/vfio.h                          |   32 +-
>>>  include/uapi/linux/vfio.h                     |   10 +
>>>  samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile                    |   13 +
>>>  samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c                      | 1503 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>  21 files changed, 4342 insertions(+), 218 deletions(-)
>>>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev
>>>  create mode 100644 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
>>>  create mode 100644 include/linux/mdev.h
>>>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
>>>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
>>>
>>
>>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support
  2016-11-07  3:59   ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  5:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07  6:15     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-07  6:36       ` Kirti Wankhede
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-07  6:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 07/11/16 14:59, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> 
> 
> On 11/7/2016 9:00 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>> This series adds Mediated device support to Linux host kernel. Purpose
>>> of this series is to provide a common interface for mediated device
>>> management that can be used by different devices. This series introduces
>>> Mdev core module that creates and manages mediated devices, VFIO based
>>> driver for mediated devices that are created by mdev core module and
>>> update VFIO type1 IOMMU module to support pinning & unpinning for mediated
>>> devices.
>>>
>>> What changed in v11?
>>> mdev core:
>>>   Register mdev_bus class when first device is registed to avoid panic if
>>>   any vendor driver and mdev driver are selected as built-in but vendor
>>>   driver loads first and then mdev module.
>>> vfio_mdev:
>>>   Added notifier callback function to mdev parent's ops so that notifer
>>>   is registered from vfio_mdev module during device open and unregistered
>>>   it from device close call. This is a optional callback. Some drivers
>>>   using mdev framework might not pin or unpin pages, for example the
>>>   sample mtty driver that simulates serial port. Vendor driver who need to
>>>   pin/unpin pages should provide this callback. Otherwise pin request
>>>   would fail.
>>> vfio_iommu_type1:
>>>   Updated to keep track of who (task and address space) mapped iova range.
>>>   During DMA_UNMAP, same task who mapped it or other task who shares same
>>>   address space is allowed to unmap, otherwise unmap fails.
>>>   QEMU maps few iova ranges initially, then fork threads and from the child
>>>   thread calls DMA_UNMAP on previously mapped iova. Since child shares same
>>>   address space, DMA_UNMAP is successful.
>>>   Address space keeps track of pages pinned (pfn_list) by external user /
>>>   mdev devices. This pfn_list is used to verify pfn during unpin_request,
>>>   re-accounting of pages when direct device assigned in hot-unplugged and
>>>   mdev device is present in same container.
>>>   When the container is released, all mapped iova from all tasks are
>>>   unmapped and removed.
>>>
>>>   Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>>>    - GPU pass through only
>>>    - vGPU device only
>>>    - One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
>>>    - Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
>>>      exist
>>>    - Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
>>>      exist
>>>
>>>   Patch series tested with linux-next upto commit 14970f204b19 @Fri Oct 28
>>>   Resolved against conflicting change:
>>
>> Patch 11/22 does not apply if the patchset is applied on top of 14970f204b19.
>>
>>
> 
> Pull commit 05692d7005a3 (below) commit.

Nah, it was my fault, thunderbird's plugin saved mails in wrong order,
false alarm, sorry.

Speaking of order, 11/22 is better be squashed into 02/22 (as it does not
seem to make sense alone; it also does not depend on something between
02/22 and 11/22); and both 01/22 and 02/22 better be moved where "docs"
patches start as they do not makes sense earlier anyway, or do they?



> 
>>
>>>   05692d7005a3 vfio/pci: Fix integer overflows, bitmask check
>>>
> 
> Thanks,
> Kirti
> 
>>>
>>> Kirti Wankhede (22):
>>>   vfio: Mediated device Core driver
>>>   vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices
>>>   vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev
>>>   vfio: Common function to increment container_users
>>>   vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to
>>>     vfio_iommu_driver_ops
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn()
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
>>>   vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
>>>   vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
>>>   vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev
>>>   vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
>>>   vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability()
>>>   vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>>   vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>>   vfio_platform: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>>   vfio: Define device_api strings
>>>   docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices
>>>   docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework
>>>   docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated device
>>>     framework.
>>>   MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers
>>>
>>>  Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev |  111 ++
>>>  Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt        |  399 +++++++
>>>  MAINTAINERS                                   |    9 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/Kconfig                          |    1 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/Makefile                         |    1 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig                     |   17 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile                    |    5 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c                 |  388 +++++++
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c               |  122 ++
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h              |   41 +
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c                |  286 +++++
>>>  drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c                 |  167 +++
>>>  drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c                   |   83 +-
>>>  drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c  |   31 +-
>>>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c                           |  334 +++++-
>>>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c               |  831 ++++++++++++--
>>>  include/linux/mdev.h                          |  176 +++
>>>  include/linux/vfio.h                          |   32 +-
>>>  include/uapi/linux/vfio.h                     |   10 +
>>>  samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile                    |   13 +
>>>  samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c                      | 1503 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>  21 files changed, 4342 insertions(+), 218 deletions(-)
>>>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-vfio-mdev
>>>  create mode 100644 Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_private.h
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_sysfs.c
>>>  create mode 100644 drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
>>>  create mode 100644 include/linux/mdev.h
>>>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/Makefile
>>>  create mode 100644 samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c
>>>
>>
>>


-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support
  2016-11-07  6:15     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-07  6:36       ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07  6:46         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-07  6:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/7/2016 11:45 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 07/11/16 14:59, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 11/7/2016 9:00 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:

...

>>>>
>>>>   Patch series tested with linux-next upto commit 14970f204b19 @Fri Oct 28
>>>>   Resolved against conflicting change:
>>>
>>> Patch 11/22 does not apply if the patchset is applied on top of 14970f204b19.
>>>
>>>
>>
>> Pull commit 05692d7005a3 (below) commit.
> 
> Nah, it was my fault, thunderbird's plugin saved mails in wrong order,
> false alarm, sorry.
> 
> Speaking of order, 11/22 is better be squashed into 02/22 (as it does not
> seem to make sense alone; it also does not depend on something between
> 02/22 and 11/22); and both 01/22 and 02/22 better be moved where "docs"
> patches start as they do not makes sense earlier anyway, or do they?
> 
> 

There are dependencies in the patch series:
Patch 10/22 depends on patch 01/22 and patch 03/22 to 09/22 patch.

Patch 02/22 depends on patch 01/22.

Patch 11/22 doesn't make sense without patch 10/22.

Patch 12/22 depends on patch 11/22.

Patch 13/22 to 18/22 are independent, pulling common code in functions.
But patch 21/22 uses these APIs in sample driver, so has to be before that.

Patch 19/22 adds basic documentation.
Patch 21/22 depends on 19/22 patch because that adds sample driver and
its explanation to documentation.

Thanks,
Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* RE: [PATCH v11 01/22] vfio: Mediated device Core driver
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 01/22] vfio: Mediated device Core driver Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07  6:40   ` Tian, Kevin
       [not found]   ` <20161108092552.GA2090@bjsdjshi@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Tian, Kevin @ 2016-11-07  6:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, Song, Jike, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

> From: Kirti Wankhede [mailto:kwankhede@nvidia.com]
> Sent: Saturday, November 05, 2016 5:11 AM
> 
[...]
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: I73a5084574270b14541c529461ea2f03c292d510

Jike has given his reviewed-by for some patches in v10. Please include
his reviewed-by in new version, which represent acknowledgements
from our side and also be informative to other reviewers.

Thanks
Kevin

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support
  2016-11-07  6:36       ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07  6:46         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-07  6:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 07/11/16 17:36, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> 
> 
> On 11/7/2016 11:45 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>> On 07/11/16 14:59, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On 11/7/2016 9:00 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>>>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> 
> ...
> 
>>>>>
>>>>>   Patch series tested with linux-next upto commit 14970f204b19 @Fri Oct 28
>>>>>   Resolved against conflicting change:
>>>>
>>>> Patch 11/22 does not apply if the patchset is applied on top of 14970f204b19.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>> Pull commit 05692d7005a3 (below) commit.
>>
>> Nah, it was my fault, thunderbird's plugin saved mails in wrong order,
>> false alarm, sorry.
>>
>> Speaking of order, 11/22 is better be squashed into 02/22 (as it does not
>> seem to make sense alone; it also does not depend on something between
>> 02/22 and 11/22); and both 01/22 and 02/22 better be moved where "docs"
>> patches start as they do not makes sense earlier anyway, or do they?
>>
>>
> 
> There are dependencies in the patch series:
> Patch 10/22 depends on patch 01/22 and patch 03/22 to 09/22 patch.
> 
> Patch 02/22 depends on patch 01/22.
> 
> Patch 11/22 doesn't make sense without patch 10/22.
> 
> Patch 12/22 depends on patch 11/22.
> 
> Patch 13/22 to 18/22 are independent, pulling common code in functions.
> But patch 21/22 uses these APIs in sample driver, so has to be before that.
> 
> Patch 19/22 adds basic documentation.
> Patch 21/22 depends on 19/22 patch because that adds sample driver and
> its explanation to documentation.


Ouch, I get it now, sorry. I was compiling on ppc64 and everything related
to iommu type1 (i.e. x86) just got skipped.



-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 07/22] vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn()
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 07/22] vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn() Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07  8:42   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-07  8:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel


[-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 3048 bytes --]

On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> Update arguments of vaddr_get_pfn() to take struct mm_struct *mm as input
> argument.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: I885fd4cd4a9f66f4ee2c1caf58267464ec239f52
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 30 +++++++++++++++++++++++-------
>  1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index 02b302d0b7de..653386e80e85 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -226,20 +226,36 @@ static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
> +static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
> +			 int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
>  {
>  	struct page *page[1];
>  	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
>  	int ret = -EFAULT;
>  
> -	if (get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, 1, !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE), page) == 1) {
> +	if (mm == current->mm)


afaik the rule is if one branch of "if" uses curly braces, the other should
do so too.


> +		ret = get_user_pages_fast(vaddr, 1, !!(prot & IOMMU_WRITE),
> +					  page);
> +	else {
> +		unsigned int flags = 0;
> +
> +		if (prot & IOMMU_WRITE)
> +			flags |= FOLL_WRITE;
> +
> +		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
> +		ret = get_user_pages_remote(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, flags, page,
> +					    NULL);
> +		up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);


This chunk is not just about passing mm everywhere, it would be nice to see
in the commit log why this change is in this patch (may be it was commented
already, and I just missed it?).


> +	}
> +
> +	if (ret == 1) {
>  		*pfn = page_to_pfn(page[0]);
>  		return 0;
>  	}
>  
> -	down_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
> +	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
>  
> -	vma = find_vma_intersection(current->mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
> +	vma = find_vma_intersection(mm, vaddr, vaddr + 1);
>  
>  	if (vma && vma->vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP) {
>  		*pfn = ((vaddr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + vma->vm_pgoff;
> @@ -247,7 +263,7 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
>  			ret = 0;
>  	}
>  
> -	up_read(&current->mm->mmap_sem);
> +	up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
>  
>  	return ret;
>  }
> @@ -268,7 +284,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>  	if (!current->mm)
>  		return -ENODEV;
>  
> -	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
> +	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
>  	if (ret)
>  		return ret;
>  
> @@ -291,7 +307,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>  	for (i = 1, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE; i < npage; i++, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
>  		unsigned long pfn = 0;
>  
> -		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(vaddr, prot, &pfn);
> +		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, prot, &pfn);
>  		if (ret)
>  			break;
>  
> 


-- 
Alexey


[-- Attachment #2: OpenPGP digital signature --]
[-- Type: application/pgp-signature, Size: 839 bytes --]

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07 19:36   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08 13:55     ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-07 19:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:39 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> Added two new callback functions to struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops. Backend
> IOMMU module that supports pining and unpinning pages for mdev devices
> should provide these functions.
> Added APIs for pining and unpining pages to VFIO module. These calls back
> into backend iommu module to actually pin and unpin pages.
> Renamed static functions in vfio_type1_iommu.c to resolve conflicts
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: Ia7417723aaae86bec2959ad9ae6c2915ddd340e0
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c             | 96 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 20 ++++-----
>  include/linux/vfio.h            | 14 +++++-
>  3 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> index 2e83bdf007fe..76d260e98930 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> @@ -1799,6 +1799,102 @@ void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset)
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
>  
> +
> +/*
> + * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
> + * domain only.
> + * @dev [in] : device
> + * @user_pfn [in]: array of user/guest PFNs
> + * @npage [in]: count of array elements
> + * @prot [in] : protection flags
> + * @phys_pfn[out] : array of host PFNs
> + * Return error or number of pages pinned.
> + */
> +int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> +		   int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_container *container;
> +	struct vfio_group *group;
> +	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (!dev || !user_pfn || !phys_pfn)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
> +	if (IS_ERR(group))
> +		return PTR_ERR(group);
> +
> +	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_pin_pages;
> +
> +	container = group->container;
> +	down_read(&container->group_lock);
> +
> +	driver = container->iommu_driver;
> +	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->pin_pages))
> +		ret = driver->ops->pin_pages(container->iommu_data, user_pfn,
> +					     npage, prot, phys_pfn);
> +	else
> +		ret = -EINVAL;

-ENOTTY might be a more appropriate error return here and below since
we're not signaling invalid argument, we're signaling lack of support.

> +
> +	up_read(&container->group_lock);
> +	vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
> +
> +err_pin_pages:
> +	vfio_group_put(group);
> +	return ret;
> +

Unnecessary extra line

> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_pin_pages);
> +
> +/*
> + * Unpin set of host PFNs for local domain only.
> + * @dev [in] : device
> + * @user_pfn [in]: array of user/guest PFNs to be unpinned
> + * @pfn [in] : array of host PFNs to be unpinned.
> + * @npage [in] :count of elements in array, that is number of pages.
> + * Return error or number of pages unpinned.
> + */
> +int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> +		     unsigned long *pfn, int npage)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_container *container;
> +	struct vfio_group *group;
> +	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (!dev || !pfn)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
> +	if (IS_ERR(group))
> +		return PTR_ERR(group);
> +
> +	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_unpin_pages;
> +
> +	container = group->container;
> +	down_read(&container->group_lock);
> +
> +	driver = container->iommu_driver;
> +	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->unpin_pages))
> +		ret = driver->ops->unpin_pages(container->iommu_data, user_pfn,
> +					       pfn, npage);
> +	else
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> +	up_read(&container->group_lock);
> +	vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
> +
> +err_unpin_pages:
> +	vfio_group_put(group);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unpin_pages);
> +
>  /**
>   * Module/class support
>   */
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index 2ba19424e4a1..7fb87f008e0a 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -259,8 +259,8 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(unsigned long vaddr, int prot, unsigned long *pfn)
>   * the iommu can only map chunks of consecutive pfns anyway, so get the
>   * first page and all consecutive pages with the same locking.
>   */
> -static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
> -			   int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
> +static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
> +				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)

nit, what is the additional underscore prefix intended to imply?
Appending _remote is sufficient to avoid the symbol conflict.

>  {
>  	unsigned long limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>  	bool lock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);
> @@ -318,8 +318,8 @@ static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>  	return i;
>  }
>  
> -static long vfio_unpin_pages(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
> -			     int prot, bool do_accounting)
> +static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
> +				      int prot, bool do_accounting)
>  {
>  	unsigned long unlocked = 0;
>  	long i;
> @@ -382,9 +382,9 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>  		if (WARN_ON(!unmapped))
>  			break;
>  
> -		unlocked += vfio_unpin_pages(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> -					     unmapped >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> -					     dma->prot, false);
> +		unlocked += __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> +						      unmapped >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> +						      dma->prot, false);
>  		iova += unmapped;
>  
>  		cond_resched();
> @@ -613,8 +613,8 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  
>  	while (size) {
>  		/* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
> -		npage = vfio_pin_pages(vaddr + dma->size,
> -				       size >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot, &pfn);
> +		npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(vaddr + dma->size,
> +						size >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot, &pfn);
>  		if (npage <= 0) {
>  			WARN_ON(!npage);
>  			ret = (int)npage;
> @@ -624,7 +624,7 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  		/* Map it! */
>  		ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage, prot);
>  		if (ret) {
> -			vfio_unpin_pages(pfn, npage, prot, true);
> +			__vfio_unpin_pages_remote(pfn, npage, prot, true);
>  			break;
>  		}
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> index 0ecae0b1cd34..ba1b64cb7d4b 100644
> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -75,7 +75,13 @@ struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops {
>  					struct iommu_group *group);
>  	void		(*detach_group)(void *iommu_data,
>  					struct iommu_group *group);
> -
> +	int		(*pin_pages)(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> +				     int npage, int prot,
> +				     unsigned long *phys_pfn);
> +	int		(*unpin_pages)(void *iommu_data,

Are we changing from long to int here simply because of the absurdity
in passing in more than a 2^31 entry array, that would already consume
more than 16GB itself?

> +				       unsigned long *user_pfn,
> +				       unsigned long *pfn,

nit, use phys_pfn so as to match the pin function?

> +				       int npage);
>  };
>  
>  extern int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
> @@ -127,6 +133,12 @@ static inline long vfio_spapr_iommu_eeh_ioctl(struct iommu_group *group,
>  }
>  #endif /* CONFIG_EEH */
>  
> +extern int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> +			  int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn);
> +
> +extern int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> +			    unsigned long *pfn, int npage);
> +
>  /*
>   * IRQfd - generic
>   */

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 09/22] vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 09/22] vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07 21:03   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08 14:13     ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-07 21:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:43 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> Add task structure to vfio_dma.
> Add address space structure. Each vfio_dma structure points to the address
> space of the task who mapped it.
> List of address spaces is maintained in vfio_iommu structure.
> From DMA_MAP call if address space already exist in address space list,
> vfio_dma points to it. If address space doesn't exist, allocate address
> space, save pointer of mm to it and vfio_dma points to it.
> Two tasks can share same address space and so we need keep address space
> structure different from task in vfio_dma structure. vfio_dma keeps
> pointer to its corresponding address space.
> During DMA_UNMAP, same task who mapped it or other task who shares same
> address space is allowed to unmap, otherwise unmap fails.
> QEMU maps few iova ranges initially, then fork threads and from the child
> thread calls DMA_UNMAP on previously mapped iova. Since child shares same
> address space, DMA_UNMAP is successful.
> This address space structure is used to track pages pinned by external
> user in later changes.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: I7600f1bea6b384fd589fa72421ccf031bcfd9ac5
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 182 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>  1 file changed, 134 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index 422c8d198abb..8d64528dcc22 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -55,12 +55,20 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_hugepages,
>  
>  struct vfio_iommu {
>  	struct list_head	domain_list;
> +	struct list_head	addr_space_list;
>  	struct mutex		lock;
>  	struct rb_root		dma_list;
>  	bool			v2;
>  	bool			nesting;
>  };
>  
> +/* address space */
> +struct vfio_addr_space {
> +	struct mm_struct	*mm;
> +	struct list_head	next;
> +	atomic_t		ref_count;
> +};
> +
>  struct vfio_domain {
>  	struct iommu_domain	*domain;
>  	struct list_head	next;
> @@ -75,6 +83,9 @@ struct vfio_dma {
>  	unsigned long		vaddr;		/* Process virtual addr */
>  	size_t			size;		/* Map size (bytes) */
>  	int			prot;		/* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
> +	struct vfio_addr_space	*addr_space;
> +	struct task_struct	*task;
> +	bool			mlock_cap;
>  };
>  
>  struct vfio_group {
> @@ -130,6 +141,18 @@ static void vfio_unlink_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *old)
>  	rb_erase(&old->node, &iommu->dma_list);
>  }
>  
> +static struct vfio_addr_space *vfio_find_addr_space(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> +						    struct mm_struct *mm)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_addr_space *as;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(as, &iommu->addr_space_list, next) {
> +		if (as->mm == mm)
> +			return as;
> +	}
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +
>  struct vwork {
>  	struct mm_struct	*mm;
>  	long			npage;
> @@ -273,24 +296,24 @@ static int vaddr_get_pfn(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
>   * the iommu can only map chunks of consecutive pfns anyway, so get the
>   * first page and all consecutive pages with the same locking.
>   */
> -static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
> -				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
> +static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> +				    long npage, int prot,
> +				    unsigned long *pfn_base)
>  {
> -	unsigned long limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> -	bool lock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);
> +	struct task_struct *task = dma->task;
> +	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
> +	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
>  	long ret, i;
>  	bool rsvd;
>  
> -	if (!current->mm)
> -		return -ENODEV;
> -
> -	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
> +	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
>  	if (ret)
>  		return ret;
>  
>  	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
>  
> -	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && current->mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
>  		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
>  		pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
>  			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -299,7 +322,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>  
>  	if (unlikely(disable_hugepages)) {
>  		if (!rsvd)
> -			vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, 1);
> +			vfio_lock_acct(mm, 1);
>  		return 1;
>  	}
>  
> @@ -307,7 +330,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>  	for (i = 1, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE; i < npage; i++, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
>  		unsigned long pfn = 0;
>  
> -		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(current->mm, vaddr, prot, &pfn);
> +		ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, &pfn);
>  		if (ret)
>  			break;
>  
> @@ -318,7 +341,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>  		}
>  
>  		if (!rsvd && !lock_cap &&
> -		    current->mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
> +		    mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
>  			put_pfn(pfn, prot);
>  			pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
>  				__func__, limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -327,13 +350,13 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>  	}
>  
>  	if (!rsvd)
> -		vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, i);
> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, i);
>  
>  	return i;
>  }
>  
> -static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
> -				      int prot, bool do_accounting)
> +static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long pfn,
> +				      long npage, int prot, bool do_accounting)
>  {
>  	unsigned long unlocked = 0;
>  	long i;
> @@ -342,7 +365,7 @@ static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(unsigned long pfn, long npage,
>  		unlocked += put_pfn(pfn++, prot);
>  
>  	if (do_accounting)
> -		vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, -unlocked);
> +		vfio_lock_acct(dma->addr_space->mm, -unlocked);
>  
>  	return unlocked;
>  }
> @@ -396,7 +419,7 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>  		if (WARN_ON(!unmapped))
>  			break;
>  
> -		unlocked += __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> +		unlocked += __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(dma, phys >> PAGE_SHIFT,
>  						      unmapped >> PAGE_SHIFT,
>  						      dma->prot, false);
>  		iova += unmapped;
> @@ -404,13 +427,20 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>  		cond_resched();
>  	}
>  
> -	vfio_lock_acct(current->mm, -unlocked);
> +	vfio_lock_acct(dma->addr_space->mm, -unlocked);
>  }
>  
>  static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>  {
>  	vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma);
>  	vfio_unlink_dma(iommu, dma);
> +
> +	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&dma->addr_space->ref_count)) {
> +		mmput(dma->addr_space->mm);
> +		put_task_struct(dma->task);
> +		list_del(&dma->addr_space->next);
> +		kfree(dma->addr_space);
> +	}
>  	kfree(dma);
>  }
>  
> @@ -506,6 +536,12 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_unmap(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  	while ((dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, unmap->iova, unmap->size))) {
>  		if (!iommu->v2 && unmap->iova > dma->iova)
>  			break;
> +		/*
> +		 * Task with same address space who mapped this iova range is
> +		 * allowed to unmap the iova range.
> +		 */
> +		if (dma->task->mm != current->mm)
> +			break;
>  		unmapped += dma->size;
>  		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
>  	}
> @@ -572,17 +608,58 @@ unwind:
>  	return ret;
>  }
>  
> +static int vfio_pin_map_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> +			    size_t map_size)
> +{
> +	dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova;
> +	unsigned long vaddr = dma->vaddr;
> +	size_t size = map_size;
> +	long npage;
> +	unsigned long pfn;
> +	int ret = 0;
> +
> +	while (size) {
> +		/* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
> +		npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(dma, vaddr + dma->size,
> +						size >> PAGE_SHIFT, dma->prot,
> +						&pfn);
> +		if (npage <= 0) {
> +			WARN_ON(!npage);
> +			ret = (int)npage;
> +			break;
> +		}
> +
> +		/* Map it! */
> +		ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage,
> +				     dma->prot);
> +		if (ret) {
> +			__vfio_unpin_pages_remote(dma, pfn, npage, dma->prot,
> +						  true);
> +			break;
> +		}
> +
> +		size -= npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +		dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (ret)
> +		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
>  static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  			   struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map *map)
>  {
>  	dma_addr_t iova = map->iova;
>  	unsigned long vaddr = map->vaddr;
>  	size_t size = map->size;
> -	long npage;
>  	int ret = 0, prot = 0;
>  	uint64_t mask;
>  	struct vfio_dma *dma;
> -	unsigned long pfn;
> +	struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space;
> +	struct mm_struct *mm;
> +	bool free_addr_space_on_err = false;
>  
>  	/* Verify that none of our __u64 fields overflow */
>  	if (map->size != size || map->vaddr != vaddr || map->iova != iova)
> @@ -608,47 +685,56 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>  
>  	if (vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, size)) {
> -		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> -		return -EEXIST;
> +		ret = -EEXIST;
> +		goto do_map_err;
> +	}
> +
> +	mm = get_task_mm(current);
> +	if (!mm) {
> +		ret = -ENODEV;

-EFAULT?

> +		goto do_map_err;
> +	}
> +
> +	addr_space = vfio_find_addr_space(iommu, mm);
> +	if (addr_space) {
> +		atomic_inc(&addr_space->ref_count);
> +		mmput(mm);
> +	} else {
> +		addr_space = kzalloc(sizeof(*addr_space), GFP_KERNEL);
> +		if (!addr_space) {
> +			ret = -ENOMEM;
> +			goto do_map_err;
> +		}
> +		addr_space->mm = mm;
> +		atomic_set(&addr_space->ref_count, 1);
> +		list_add(&addr_space->next, &iommu->addr_space_list);
> +		free_addr_space_on_err = true;
>  	}
>  
>  	dma = kzalloc(sizeof(*dma), GFP_KERNEL);
>  	if (!dma) {
> -		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> -		return -ENOMEM;
> +		if (free_addr_space_on_err) {
> +			mmput(mm);
> +			list_del(&addr_space->next);
> +			kfree(addr_space);
> +		}
> +		ret = -ENOMEM;
> +		goto do_map_err;
>  	}
>  
>  	dma->iova = iova;
>  	dma->vaddr = vaddr;
>  	dma->prot = prot;
> +	dma->addr_space = addr_space;
> +	get_task_struct(current);
> +	dma->task = current;
> +	dma->mlock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);


How do you reason we can cache this?  Does the fact that the process
had this capability at the time that it did a DMA_MAP imply that it
necessarily still has this capability when an external user (vendor
driver) tries to pin pages?  I don't see how we can make that
assumption.


>  
>  	/* Insert zero-sized and grow as we map chunks of it */
>  	vfio_link_dma(iommu, dma);
>  
> -	while (size) {
> -		/* Pin a contiguous chunk of memory */
> -		npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(vaddr + dma->size,
> -						size >> PAGE_SHIFT, prot, &pfn);
> -		if (npage <= 0) {
> -			WARN_ON(!npage);
> -			ret = (int)npage;
> -			break;
> -		}
> -
> -		/* Map it! */
> -		ret = vfio_iommu_map(iommu, iova + dma->size, pfn, npage, prot);
> -		if (ret) {
> -			__vfio_unpin_pages_remote(pfn, npage, prot, true);
> -			break;
> -		}
> -
> -		size -= npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> -		dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> -	}
> -
> -	if (ret)
> -		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
> -
> +	ret = vfio_pin_map_dma(iommu, dma, size);
> +do_map_err:
>  	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>  	return ret;
>  }

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07 23:16   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08  2:20     ` Jike Song
  2016-11-08 15:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08  6:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-07 23:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:44 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
> Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
> managed by an IOMMU domain.
> 
> Aim of this change is:
> - To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
> - To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module
> 
> This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
> backend module. More details:
> - vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
>   that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
> - Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
>   pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.
                                          ^ k
------------------------------------------|

> - Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
>   remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
> - Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
>   pages are pinned/unpinned.
> -  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
>   domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
>   container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
>   during DMA_MAP.
> - Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
>   through device.
> 
> Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
> - GPU pass through only
> - vGPU device only
> - One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
> - Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
>   exist
> - Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
>   exist
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: I295d6f0f2e0579b8d9882bfd8fd5a4194b97bd9a
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 538 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>  1 file changed, 500 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index 8d64528dcc22..e511073446a0 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
>  #include <linux/uaccess.h>
>  #include <linux/vfio.h>
>  #include <linux/workqueue.h>
> +#include <linux/mdev.h>
>  
>  #define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.2"
>  #define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
> @@ -56,6 +57,7 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_hugepages,
>  struct vfio_iommu {
>  	struct list_head	domain_list;
>  	struct list_head	addr_space_list;
> +	struct vfio_domain	*external_domain; /* domain for external user */
>  	struct mutex		lock;
>  	struct rb_root		dma_list;
>  	bool			v2;
> @@ -67,6 +69,9 @@ struct vfio_addr_space {
>  	struct mm_struct	*mm;
>  	struct list_head	next;
>  	atomic_t		ref_count;
> +	/* external user pinned pfns */
> +	struct rb_root		pfn_list;	/* pinned Host pfn list */
> +	struct mutex		pfn_list_lock;	/* mutex for pfn_list */
>  };
>  
>  struct vfio_domain {
> @@ -83,6 +88,7 @@ struct vfio_dma {
>  	unsigned long		vaddr;		/* Process virtual addr */
>  	size_t			size;		/* Map size (bytes) */
>  	int			prot;		/* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
> +	bool			iommu_mapped;
>  	struct vfio_addr_space	*addr_space;
>  	struct task_struct	*task;
>  	bool			mlock_cap;
> @@ -94,6 +100,19 @@ struct vfio_group {
>  };
>  
>  /*
> + * Guest RAM pinning working set or DMA target
> + */
> +struct vfio_pfn {
> +	struct rb_node		node;
> +	unsigned long		pfn;		/* Host pfn */
> +	int			prot;
> +	atomic_t		ref_count;
> +};
> +
> +#define IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)	\
> +					(!list_empty(&iommu->domain_list))
> +
> +/*
>   * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
>   * into DMA'ble space using the IOMMU
>   */
> @@ -153,6 +172,93 @@ static struct vfio_addr_space *vfio_find_addr_space(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  	return NULL;
>  }
>  
> +/*
> + * Helper Functions for host pfn list
> + */
> +static struct vfio_pfn *vfio_find_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> +				      unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
> +	struct rb_node *node = addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
> +
> +	while (node) {
> +		vpfn = rb_entry(node, struct vfio_pfn, node);
> +
> +		if (pfn < vpfn->pfn)
> +			node = node->rb_left;
> +		else if (pfn > vpfn->pfn)
> +			node = node->rb_right;
> +		else
> +			return vpfn;
> +	}
> +
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static void vfio_link_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> +			  struct vfio_pfn *new)
> +{
> +	struct rb_node **link, *parent = NULL;
> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
> +
> +	link = &addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
> +	while (*link) {
> +		parent = *link;
> +		vpfn = rb_entry(parent, struct vfio_pfn, node);
> +
> +		if (new->pfn < vpfn->pfn)
> +			link = &(*link)->rb_left;
> +		else
> +			link = &(*link)->rb_right;
> +	}
> +
> +	rb_link_node(&new->node, parent, link);
> +	rb_insert_color(&new->node, &addr_space->pfn_list);
> +}
> +
> +static void vfio_unlink_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> +			    struct vfio_pfn *old)
> +{
> +	rb_erase(&old->node, &addr_space->pfn_list);
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_add_to_pfn_list(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> +				unsigned long pfn, int prot)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
> +
> +	vpfn = kzalloc(sizeof(*vpfn), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!vpfn)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	vpfn->pfn = pfn;
> +	vpfn->prot = prot;
> +	atomic_set(&vpfn->ref_count, 1);
> +	vfio_link_pfn(addr_space, vpfn);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void vfio_remove_from_pfn_list(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> +				      struct vfio_pfn *vpfn)
> +{
> +	vfio_unlink_pfn(addr_space, vpfn);
> +	kfree(vpfn);
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_pfn_account(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> +			    unsigned long pfn)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_pfn *p;
> +	int ret = 1;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +	p = vfio_find_pfn(addr_space, pfn);
> +	if (p)
> +		ret = 0;
> +	mutex_unlock(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
>  struct vwork {
>  	struct mm_struct	*mm;
>  	long			npage;
> @@ -304,16 +410,18 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>  	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>  	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
>  	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
> -	long ret, i;
> +	long ret, i, lock_acct;
>  	bool rsvd;
>  
>  	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
>  	if (ret)
>  		return ret;
>  
> +	lock_acct = vfio_pfn_account(dma->addr_space, *pfn_base);
> +
>  	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
>  
> -	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + lock_acct > limit) {
>  		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
>  		pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
>  			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -340,8 +448,10 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>  			break;
>  		}
>  
> +		lock_acct += vfio_pfn_account(dma->addr_space, pfn);
> +
>  		if (!rsvd && !lock_cap &&
> -		    mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
> +		    mm->locked_vm + lock_acct + 1 > limit) {
>  			put_pfn(pfn, prot);
>  			pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
>  				__func__, limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> @@ -350,7 +460,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>  	}
>  
>  	if (!rsvd)
> -		vfio_lock_acct(mm, i);
> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, lock_acct);
>  
>  	return i;
>  }
> @@ -370,14 +480,214 @@ static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long pfn,
>  	return unlocked;
>  }
>  
> -static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
> +static int __vfio_pin_page_external(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> +				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base,
> +				    bool do_accounting)
> +{
> +	struct task_struct *task = dma->task;
> +	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
> +	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
> +	int ret;
> +	bool rsvd;
> +
> +	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
> +
> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
> +		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
> +		pr_warn("%s: Task %s (%d) RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
> +			__func__, task->comm, task_pid_nr(task),
> +			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!rsvd && do_accounting)
> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, 1);
> +
> +	return 1;
> +}
> +
> +static void __vfio_unpin_page_external(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> +				       unsigned long pfn, int prot,
> +				       bool do_accounting)
> +{
> +	put_pfn(pfn, prot);
> +
> +	if (do_accounting)
> +		vfio_lock_acct(addr_space->mm, -1);

Can't we batch this like we do elsewhere?  Intel folks, AIUI you intend
to pin all VM memory through this side channel, have you tested the
scalability and performance of this with larger VMs?  Our vfio_pfn
data structure alone is 40 bytes per pinned page, which means for
each 1GB of VM memory, we have 10MBs worth of struct vfio_pfn!
Additionally, unmapping each 1GB of VM memory will result in 256k
separate vfio_lock_acct() callbacks.  I'm concerned that we're not
being efficient enough in either space or time.

One thought might be whether we really need to save the pfn, we better
always get the same result if we pin it again, or maybe we can just do
a lookup through the mm at that point without re-pinning.  Could we get
to the point where we only need an atomic_t ref count per page in a
linear array relative to the IOVA?  That would give us 1MB per 1GB
overhead. The semantics of the pin and unpin would make more sense then
too, both would take an IOVA range, only pinning would need a return
mechanism. For instance:

int pin_pages(void *iommu_data, dma_addr_t iova_base,
	      int npage, unsigned long *pfn_base);

This would pin physically contiguous pages up to npage, returning the
base pfn and returning the number of pages pinned (<= npage).  The
vendor driver would make multiple calls to fill the necessary range.
Unpin would then simply be:

void unpin_pages(void *iommu_data, dma_addr_t iova_base, int npage);

Hugepage usage would really make such an interface shine (ie. 2MB+
contiguous ranges).  A downside would be the overhead of getting the
group and container reference in vfio for each callback, perhaps we'd
need to figure out how the vendor driver could hold that reference.
The current API of passing around pfn arrays, further increasing the
overhead of the whole ecosystem just makes me cringe though.

> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_unpin_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> +			  struct vfio_pfn *vpfn, bool do_accounting)
> +{
> +	__vfio_unpin_page_external(addr_space, vpfn->pfn, vpfn->prot,
> +			do_accounting);
> +
> +	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&vpfn->ref_count))
> +		vfio_remove_from_pfn_list(addr_space, vpfn);
> +
> +	return 1;
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages(void *iommu_data,
> +				      unsigned long *user_pfn,
> +				      int npage, int prot,
> +				      unsigned long *phys_pfn)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
> +	int i, j, ret;
> +	unsigned long remote_vaddr;
> +	unsigned long *pfn = phys_pfn;
> +	struct vfio_dma *dma;
> +	bool do_accounting;
> +
> +	if (!iommu || !user_pfn || !phys_pfn)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> +
> +	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto pin_done;
> +	}
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * If iommu capable domain exist in the container then all pages are
> +	 * already pinned and accounted. Accouting should be done if there is no
> +	 * iommu capable domain in the container.
> +	 */
> +	do_accounting = !IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu);
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++) {
> +		struct vfio_pfn *p;
> +		dma_addr_t iova;
> +
> +		iova = user_pfn[i] << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +
> +		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 0);
> +		if (!dma) {
> +			ret = -EINVAL;
> +			goto pin_unwind;
> +		}
> +
> +		remote_vaddr = dma->vaddr + iova - dma->iova;
> +
> +		ret = __vfio_pin_page_external(dma, remote_vaddr, prot,
> +				&pfn[i], do_accounting);

Please wrap such that the following line falls within the relevant ()s
when possible.  Above and below on unpin calls.

> +		if (ret <= 0) {
> +			WARN_ON(!ret);
> +			goto pin_unwind;
> +		}
> +
> +		mutex_lock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +
> +		/* search if pfn exist */
> +		p = vfio_find_pfn(dma->addr_space, pfn[i]);
> +		if (p) {
> +			atomic_inc(&p->ref_count);

We never test whether (p->prot == prot), shouldn't we be doing
something in that case?  In fact, why do we allow the side-channel
through the .{un}pin_pages to specify page protection flags that might
be different than the user specified for the DMA_MAP?  If the user
specified read-only, the vendor driver should not be allowed to
override with read-write access.

> +			mutex_unlock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +			continue;
> +		}
> +
> +		ret = vfio_add_to_pfn_list(dma->addr_space, pfn[i], prot);
> +		mutex_unlock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +
> +		if (ret) {
> +			__vfio_unpin_page_external(dma->addr_space, pfn[i],
> +					prot, do_accounting);
> +			goto pin_unwind;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = i;
> +	goto pin_done;
> +
> +pin_unwind:
> +	pfn[i] = 0;
> +	for (j = 0; j < i; j++) {
> +		struct vfio_pfn *p;
> +		dma_addr_t iova;
> +
> +		iova = user_pfn[j] << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +
> +		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 0);
> +
> +		mutex_lock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +		p = vfio_find_pfn(dma->addr_space, pfn[j]);
> +		if (p)
> +			vfio_unpin_pfn(dma->addr_space, p, do_accounting);
> +
> +		mutex_unlock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +		pfn[j] = 0;
> +	}
> +
> +pin_done:
> +	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages(void *iommu_data,
> +					unsigned long *user_pfn,
> +					unsigned long *pfn,
> +					int npage)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
> +	bool do_accounting;
> +	int unlocked = 0, i;
> +
> +	if (!iommu || !user_pfn || !pfn)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> +
> +	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	do_accounting = !IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu);
> +
> +	for (i = 0; i < npage; i++) {
> +		struct vfio_pfn *p;
> +		struct vfio_dma *dma;
> +		dma_addr_t iova;
> +
> +		iova = user_pfn[i] << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +
> +		dma = vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, 0);
> +		if (!dma)
> +			goto unpin_exit;
> +
> +		mutex_lock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +		/* verify if pfn exist in pfn_list */
> +		p = vfio_find_pfn(dma->addr_space, pfn[i]);
> +		if (p)
> +			unlocked += vfio_unpin_pfn(dma->addr_space, p,
> +						   do_accounting);
> +		mutex_unlock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> +	}
> +unpin_exit:
> +	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +	return unlocked;
> +}
> +
> +static long vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
> +			     bool do_accounting)
>  {
>  	dma_addr_t iova = dma->iova, end = dma->iova + dma->size;
>  	struct vfio_domain *domain, *d;
>  	long unlocked = 0;
>  
>  	if (!dma->size)
> -		return;
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
> +		return 0;
> +
>  	/*
>  	 * We use the IOMMU to track the physical addresses, otherwise we'd
>  	 * need a much more complicated tracking system.  Unfortunately that
> @@ -427,12 +737,17 @@ static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>  		cond_resched();
>  	}
>  
> -	vfio_lock_acct(dma->addr_space->mm, -unlocked);
> +	dma->iommu_mapped = false;
> +	if (do_accounting) {
> +		vfio_lock_acct(dma->addr_space->mm, -unlocked);
> +		return 0;
> +	}
> +	return unlocked;
>  }
>  
>  static void vfio_remove_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>  {
> -	vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma);
> +	vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, true);
>  	vfio_unlink_dma(iommu, dma);
>  
>  	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&dma->addr_space->ref_count)) {
> @@ -642,6 +957,8 @@ static int vfio_pin_map_dma(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma,
>  		dma->size += npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
>  	}
>  
> +	dma->iommu_mapped = true;
> +
>  	if (ret)
>  		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
>  
> @@ -706,6 +1023,8 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  			goto do_map_err;
>  		}
>  		addr_space->mm = mm;
> +		addr_space->pfn_list = RB_ROOT;
> +		mutex_init(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
>  		atomic_set(&addr_space->ref_count, 1);
>  		list_add(&addr_space->next, &iommu->addr_space_list);
>  		free_addr_space_on_err = true;
> @@ -733,7 +1052,11 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  	/* Insert zero-sized and grow as we map chunks of it */
>  	vfio_link_dma(iommu, dma);
>  
> -	ret = vfio_pin_map_dma(iommu, dma, size);
> +	/* Don't pin and map if container doesn't contain IOMMU capable domain*/
> +	if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
> +		dma->size = size;
> +	else
> +		ret = vfio_pin_map_dma(iommu, dma, size);
>  do_map_err:
>  	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>  	return ret;
> @@ -762,10 +1085,6 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  	d = list_first_entry(&iommu->domain_list, struct vfio_domain, next);
>  	n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
>  
> -	/* If there's not a domain, there better not be any mappings */
> -	if (WARN_ON(n && !d))
> -		return -EINVAL;
> -
>  	for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
>  		struct vfio_dma *dma;
>  		dma_addr_t iova;
> @@ -774,20 +1093,43 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  		iova = dma->iova;
>  
>  		while (iova < dma->iova + dma->size) {
> -			phys_addr_t phys = iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain, iova);
> +			phys_addr_t phys;
>  			size_t size;
>  
> -			if (WARN_ON(!phys)) {
> -				iova += PAGE_SIZE;
> -				continue;
> -			}
> +			if (dma->iommu_mapped) {
> +				phys = iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain, iova);
> +
> +				if (WARN_ON(!phys)) {
> +					iova += PAGE_SIZE;
> +					continue;
> +				}
>  
> -			size = PAGE_SIZE;
> +				size = PAGE_SIZE;
>  
> -			while (iova + size < dma->iova + dma->size &&
> -			       phys + size == iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain,
> +				while (iova + size < dma->iova + dma->size &&
> +				    phys + size == iommu_iova_to_phys(d->domain,
>  								 iova + size))
> -				size += PAGE_SIZE;
> +					size += PAGE_SIZE;
> +			} else {
> +				unsigned long pfn;
> +				unsigned long vaddr = dma->vaddr +
> +						     (iova - dma->iova);
> +				size_t n = dma->iova + dma->size - iova;
> +				long npage;
> +
> +				npage = __vfio_pin_pages_remote(dma, vaddr,
> +								n >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> +								dma->prot,
> +								&pfn);
> +				if (npage <= 0) {
> +					WARN_ON(!npage);
> +					ret = (int)npage;
> +					return ret;
> +				}
> +
> +				phys = pfn << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +				size = npage << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +			}
>  
>  			ret = iommu_map(domain->domain, iova, phys,
>  					size, dma->prot | domain->prot);
> @@ -796,6 +1138,8 @@ static int vfio_iommu_replay(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>  
>  			iova += size;
>  		}
> +
> +		dma->iommu_mapped = true;
>  	}
>  
>  	return 0;
> @@ -853,7 +1197,7 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
>  	struct vfio_group *group;
>  	struct vfio_domain *domain, *d;
> -	struct bus_type *bus = NULL;
> +	struct bus_type *bus = NULL, *mdev_bus;
>  	int ret;
>  
>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> @@ -865,6 +1209,13 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  		}
>  	}
>  
> +	if (iommu->external_domain) {
> +		if (find_iommu_group(iommu->external_domain, iommu_group)) {
> +			mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
>  	group = kzalloc(sizeof(*group), GFP_KERNEL);
>  	domain = kzalloc(sizeof(*domain), GFP_KERNEL);
>  	if (!group || !domain) {
> @@ -879,6 +1230,25 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  	if (ret)
>  		goto out_free;
>  
> +	mdev_bus = symbol_get(mdev_bus_type);
> +
> +	if (mdev_bus) {
> +		if ((bus == mdev_bus) && !iommu_present(bus)) {
> +			symbol_put(mdev_bus_type);
> +			if (!iommu->external_domain) {
> +				INIT_LIST_HEAD(&domain->group_list);
> +				iommu->external_domain = domain;
> +			} else
> +				kfree(domain);
> +
> +			list_add(&group->next,
> +				 &iommu->external_domain->group_list);
> +			mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> +			return 0;
> +		}
> +		symbol_put(mdev_bus_type);
> +	}
> +
>  	domain->domain = iommu_domain_alloc(bus);
>  	if (!domain->domain) {
>  		ret = -EIO;
> @@ -969,6 +1339,51 @@ static void vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
>  		vfio_remove_dma(iommu, rb_entry(node, struct vfio_dma, node));
>  }
>  
> +static void vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_reaccount(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_addr_space *as;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(as, &iommu->addr_space_list, next) {
> +		struct rb_node *n, *p;
> +		long locked = 0, unlocked = 0;
> +
> +		n = rb_first(&iommu->dma_list);
> +		for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
> +			struct vfio_dma *dma;
> +
> +			dma = rb_entry(n, struct vfio_dma, node);
> +			if (dma->addr_space == as)
> +				unlocked += vfio_unmap_unpin(iommu, dma, false);
> +		}
> +
> +		mutex_lock(&as->pfn_list_lock);
> +		p = rb_first(&as->pfn_list);
> +		for (; p; p = rb_next(p))
> +			locked++;
> +
> +		mutex_unlock(&as->pfn_list_lock);
> +		vfio_lock_acct(as->mm, locked - unlocked);
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static void vfio_external_unpin_all(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> +				    bool do_accounting)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_addr_space *as;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(as, &iommu->addr_space_list, next) {
> +		struct rb_node *node;
> +
> +		mutex_lock(&as->pfn_list_lock);
> +		while ((node = rb_first(&as->pfn_list)))
> +			vfio_unpin_pfn(as,
> +				       rb_entry(node, struct vfio_pfn, node),
> +				       do_accounting);
> +
> +		mutex_unlock(&as->pfn_list_lock);
> +	}
> +}
> +
>  static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  					  struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
>  {
> @@ -978,6 +1393,28 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  
>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>  
> +	if (iommu->external_domain) {
> +		domain = iommu->external_domain;
> +		group = find_iommu_group(domain, iommu_group);
> +		if (group) {
> +			list_del(&group->next);
> +			kfree(group);
> +
> +			if (list_empty(&domain->group_list)) {
> +				if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)) {
> +					vfio_external_unpin_all(iommu, true);
> +					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
> +				} else
> +					vfio_external_unpin_all(iommu, false);
> +				kfree(domain);
> +				iommu->external_domain = NULL;
> +			}
> +			goto detach_group_done;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu))
> +		goto detach_group_done;
>  
>  	list_for_each_entry(domain, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
>  		group = find_iommu_group(domain, iommu_group);
> @@ -988,21 +1425,27 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
>  		list_del(&group->next);
>  		kfree(group);
>  		/*
> -		 * Group ownership provides privilege, if the group
> -		 * list is empty, the domain goes away.  If it's the
> -		 * last domain, then all the mappings go away too.
> +		 * Group ownership provides privilege, if the group list is
> +		 * empty, the domain goes away. If it's the last domain with
> +		 * iommu and external domain doesn't exist, then all the
> +		 * mappings go away too. If it's the last domain with iommu and
> +		 * external domain exist, update accounting
>  		 */
>  		if (list_empty(&domain->group_list)) {
> -			if (list_is_singular(&iommu->domain_list))
> -				vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
> +			if (list_is_singular(&iommu->domain_list)) {
> +				if (!iommu->external_domain)
> +					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
> +				else
> +					vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_reaccount(iommu);
> +			}
>  			iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
>  			list_del(&domain->next);
>  			kfree(domain);
>  		}
> -		goto done;
> +		break;
>  	}
>  
> -done:
> +detach_group_done:
>  	mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>  }
>  
> @@ -1028,29 +1471,46 @@ static void *vfio_iommu_type1_open(unsigned long arg)
>  	}
>  
>  	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iommu->domain_list);
> +	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iommu->addr_space_list);
>  	iommu->dma_list = RB_ROOT;
>  	mutex_init(&iommu->lock);
>  
>  	return iommu;
>  }
>  
> +static void vfio_release_domain(struct vfio_domain *domain, bool external)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_group *group, *group_tmp;
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry_safe(group, group_tmp,
> +				 &domain->group_list, next) {
> +		if (!external)
> +			iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, group->iommu_group);
> +		list_del(&group->next);
> +		kfree(group);
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!external)
> +		iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
> +}
> +
>  static void vfio_iommu_type1_release(void *iommu_data)
>  {
>  	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
>  	struct vfio_domain *domain, *domain_tmp;
> -	struct vfio_group *group, *group_tmp;
> +
> +	if (iommu->external_domain) {
> +		vfio_release_domain(iommu->external_domain, true);
> +		vfio_external_unpin_all(iommu, false);
> +		kfree(iommu->external_domain);
> +		iommu->external_domain = NULL;
> +	}
>  
>  	vfio_iommu_unmap_unpin_all(iommu);
>  
>  	list_for_each_entry_safe(domain, domain_tmp,
>  				 &iommu->domain_list, next) {
> -		list_for_each_entry_safe(group, group_tmp,
> -					 &domain->group_list, next) {
> -			iommu_detach_group(domain->domain, group->iommu_group);
> -			list_del(&group->next);
> -			kfree(group);
> -		}
> -		iommu_domain_free(domain->domain);
> +		vfio_release_domain(domain, false);
>  		list_del(&domain->next);
>  		kfree(domain);
>  	}
> @@ -1158,6 +1618,8 @@ static const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops vfio_iommu_driver_ops_type1 = {
>  	.ioctl		= vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl,
>  	.attach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group,
>  	.detach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group,
> +	.pin_pages	= vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages,
> +	.unpin_pages	= vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages,
>  };
>  
>  static int __init vfio_iommu_type1_init(void)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07 23:45   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08 16:26     ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-07 23:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:45 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> Added blocking notifier to IOMMU TYPE1 driver to notify vendor drivers
> about DMA_UNMAP.
> Exported two APIs vfio_register_notifier() and vfio_unregister_notifier().
> Notifier should be registered, if external user wants to use
> vfio_pin_pages()/vfio_unpin_pages() APIs to pin/unpin pages.
> Vendor driver should use VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP action to invalidate
> mappings.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: I5910d0024d6be87f3e8d3e0ca0eaeaaa0b17f271
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c             | 73 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++------
>  include/linux/vfio.h            | 11 +++++++
>  3 files changed, 121 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> index 76d260e98930..4ed1a6a247c6 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> @@ -1895,6 +1895,79 @@ err_unpin_pages:
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unpin_pages);
>  
> +int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)

Is the expectation here that this is a generic notifier for all
vfio->mdev signaling?  That should probably be made clear in the mdev
API to avoid vendor drivers assuming their notifier callback only
occurs for unmaps, even if that's currently the case.

> +{
> +	struct vfio_container *container;
> +	struct vfio_group *group;
> +	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
> +	ssize_t ret;
> +
> +	if (!dev || !nb)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
> +	if (IS_ERR(group))
> +		return PTR_ERR(group);
> +
> +	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_register_nb;
> +
> +	container = group->container;
> +	down_read(&container->group_lock);
> +
> +	driver = container->iommu_driver;
> +	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->register_notifier))
> +		ret = driver->ops->register_notifier(container->iommu_data, nb);
> +	else
> +		ret = -EINVAL;

-ENOTTY again?  And below.

> +
> +	up_read(&container->group_lock);
> +	vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);
> +
> +err_register_nb:
> +	vfio_group_put(group);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_register_notifier);
> +
> +int vfio_unregister_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_container *container;
> +	struct vfio_group *group;
> +	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
> +	ssize_t ret;
> +
> +	if (!dev || !nb)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
> +	if (IS_ERR(group))
> +		return PTR_ERR(group);
> +
> +	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
> +	if (ret)
> +		goto err_unregister_nb;
> +
> +	container = group->container;
> +	down_read(&container->group_lock);
> +
> +	driver = container->iommu_driver;
> +	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->unregister_notifier))
> +		ret = driver->ops->unregister_notifier(container->iommu_data,
> +						       nb);
> +	else
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> +	up_read(&container->group_lock);
> +	vfio_group_try_dissolve_container(group);

The concern any time we have an unregister like this is whether the
vendor driver does proper cleanup.  Maybe we don't even need an
unregister, could we track this on the group such that releasing the
group automatically unregisters the notifier?  Maybe a single nb
slot and -EBUSY if already set, cleared on release?  Along those lines,
automatically unpinning anything would also be a nice feature (ie. if
an mdev device is unplugged while other devices are still in the
container), but then we'd need to track pinning per group and we already
have too much overhead in tracking pinning.

> +
> +err_unregister_nb:
> +	vfio_group_put(group);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_unregister_notifier);
> +
>  /**
>   * Module/class support
>   */
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index e511073446a0..c2d3a84c447b 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
>  #include <linux/vfio.h>
>  #include <linux/workqueue.h>
>  #include <linux/mdev.h>
> +#include <linux/notifier.h>
>  
>  #define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.2"
>  #define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
> @@ -60,6 +61,7 @@ struct vfio_iommu {
>  	struct vfio_domain	*external_domain; /* domain for external user */
>  	struct mutex		lock;
>  	struct rb_root		dma_list;
> +	struct blocking_notifier_head notifier;
>  	bool			v2;
>  	bool			nesting;
>  };
> @@ -550,7 +552,8 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages(void *iommu_data,
>  
>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>  
> -	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
> +	/* Fail if notifier list is empty */
> +	if ((!iommu->external_domain) || (!iommu->notifier.head)) {
>  		ret = -EINVAL;
>  		goto pin_done;
>  	}
> @@ -867,6 +870,11 @@ unlock:
>  	/* Report how much was unmapped */
>  	unmap->size = unmapped;
>  
> +	if (unmapped && iommu->external_domain)
> +		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
> +					     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
> +					     unmap);

This is after the fact, there's already a gap here where pages are
unpinned and the mdev device is still running.  The notifier needs to
happen prior to that and I suspect that we need to validate that we
have no remaining external pfn references within this vfio_dma block.
It seems like we need to root our pfn tracking in the vfio_dma so that
we can see that it's empty after the notifier chain and BUG_ON if not.
I would also add some enforcement that external pinning is only enabled
when vfio_iommu_type1 is configured for v2 semantics (ie. we only
support unmaps exactly matching previous maps).

> +
>  	return ret;
>  }
>  
> @@ -1474,6 +1482,7 @@ static void *vfio_iommu_type1_open(unsigned long arg)
>  	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&iommu->addr_space_list);
>  	iommu->dma_list = RB_ROOT;
>  	mutex_init(&iommu->lock);
> +	BLOCKING_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(&iommu->notifier);
>  
>  	return iommu;
>  }
> @@ -1610,16 +1619,34 @@ static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
>  	return -ENOTTY;
>  }
>  
> +static int vfio_iommu_type1_register_notifier(void *iommu_data,
> +					      struct notifier_block *nb)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
> +
> +	return blocking_notifier_chain_register(&iommu->notifier, nb);
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_iommu_type1_unregister_notifier(void *iommu_data,
> +						struct notifier_block *nb)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_iommu *iommu = iommu_data;
> +
> +	return blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(&iommu->notifier, nb);
> +}
> +
>  static const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops vfio_iommu_driver_ops_type1 = {
> -	.name		= "vfio-iommu-type1",
> -	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
> -	.open		= vfio_iommu_type1_open,
> -	.release	= vfio_iommu_type1_release,
> -	.ioctl		= vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl,
> -	.attach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group,
> -	.detach_group	= vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group,
> -	.pin_pages	= vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages,
> -	.unpin_pages	= vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages,
> +	.name			= "vfio-iommu-type1",
> +	.owner			= THIS_MODULE,
> +	.open			= vfio_iommu_type1_open,
> +	.release		= vfio_iommu_type1_release,
> +	.ioctl			= vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl,
> +	.attach_group		= vfio_iommu_type1_attach_group,
> +	.detach_group		= vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group,
> +	.pin_pages		= vfio_iommu_type1_pin_pages,
> +	.unpin_pages		= vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages,
> +	.register_notifier	= vfio_iommu_type1_register_notifier,
> +	.unregister_notifier	= vfio_iommu_type1_unregister_notifier,
>  };
>  
>  static int __init vfio_iommu_type1_init(void)
> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> index ba1b64cb7d4b..dcda8fccefab 100644
> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -82,6 +82,10 @@ struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops {
>  				       unsigned long *user_pfn,
>  				       unsigned long *pfn,
>  				       int npage);
> +	int		(*register_notifier)(void *iommu_data,
> +					     struct notifier_block *nb);
> +	int		(*unregister_notifier)(void *iommu_data,
> +					       struct notifier_block *nb);
>  };
>  
>  extern int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
> @@ -139,6 +143,13 @@ extern int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
>  extern int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
>  			    unsigned long *pfn, int npage);
>  
> +#define VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP	1
> +
> +extern int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev,
> +				  struct notifier_block *nb);
> +
> +extern int vfio_unregister_notifier(struct device *dev,
> +				    struct notifier_block *nb);
>  /*
>   * IRQfd - generic
>   */

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 12/22] vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 12/22] vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-07 23:51   ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-07 23:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:46 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> Add a notifier calback to parent's ops structure of mdev device so that per
> device notifer for vfio module is registered through vfio_mdev module.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: Iafa6f1721aecdd6e50eb93b153b5621e6d29b637
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/mdev.h          |  9 +++++++++
>  2 files changed, 28 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
> index bb534d19e321..2b7c24aa9e46 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/vfio_mdev.c
> @@ -24,6 +24,15 @@
>  #define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "NVIDIA Corporation"
>  #define DRIVER_DESC     "VFIO based driver for Mediated device"
>  
> +static int vfio_mdev_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action,
> +			      void *data)
> +{
> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = container_of(nb, struct mdev_device, nb);
> +	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
> +
> +	return parent->ops->notifier(mdev, action, data);
> +}
> +
>  static int vfio_mdev_open(void *device_data)
>  {
>  	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
> @@ -40,6 +49,11 @@ static int vfio_mdev_open(void *device_data)
>  	if (ret)
>  		module_put(THIS_MODULE);
>  
> +	if (likely(parent->ops->notifier)) {
> +		mdev->nb.notifier_call = vfio_mdev_notifier;
> +		if (vfio_register_notifier(&mdev->dev, &mdev->nb))
> +			pr_err("Failed to register notifier for mdev\n");
> +	}
>  	return ret;
>  }
>  
> @@ -48,6 +62,11 @@ static void vfio_mdev_release(void *device_data)
>  	struct mdev_device *mdev = device_data;
>  	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
>  
> +	if (likely(parent->ops->notifier)) {
> +		if (vfio_unregister_notifier(&mdev->dev, &mdev->nb))
> +			pr_err("Failed to unregister notifier for mdev\n");
> +	}
> +

Ok, I guess this is sufficient to automatically handle the unregister
at the mdev layer.  No need for my comments on the previous other
than the ordering of when the callback is called.  Thanks,

Alex

>  	if (likely(parent->ops->release))
>  		parent->ops->release(mdev);
>  
> diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
> index 0352febc1944..2999ef0ddaed 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mdev.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mdev.h
> @@ -37,6 +37,7 @@ struct mdev_device {
>  	struct kref		ref;
>  	struct list_head	next;
>  	struct kobject		*type_kobj;
> +	struct notifier_block	nb;
>  };
>  
>  
> @@ -84,6 +85,12 @@ struct mdev_device {
>   *			@cmd: mediated device structure
>   *			@arg: mediated device structure
>   * @mmap:		mmap callback
> + *			@mdev: mediated device structure
> + *			@vma: vma structure
> + * @notifer:		Notifier callback
> + *			@mdev: mediated device structure
> + *			@action: Action for which notifier is called
> + *			@data: Data associated with the notifier
>   * Parent device that support mediated device should be registered with mdev
>   * module with parent_ops structure.
>   **/
> @@ -105,6 +112,8 @@ struct parent_ops {
>  	ssize_t (*ioctl)(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
>  			 unsigned long arg);
>  	int	(*mmap)(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
> +	int	(*notifier)(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned long action,
> +			    void *data);
>  };
>  
>  /* interface for exporting mdev supported type attributes */

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-07 23:16   ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-08  2:20     ` Jike Song
  2016-11-08 16:18       ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08 15:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Jike Song @ 2016-11-08  2:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alex Williamson
  Cc: Kirti Wankhede, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm,
	kevin.tian, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 11/08/2016 07:16 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:44 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
>> VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
>> Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
>> managed by an IOMMU domain.
>>
>> Aim of this change is:
>> - To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
>> - To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module
>>
>> This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
>> backend module. More details:
>> - vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
>>   that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
>> - Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
>>   pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.
>                                           ^ k
> ------------------------------------------|
> 
>> - Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
>>   remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
>> - Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
>>   pages are pinned/unpinned.
>> -  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
>>   domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
>>   container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
>>   during DMA_MAP.
>> - Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
>>   through device.
>>
>> Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>> - GPU pass through only
>> - vGPU device only
>> - One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
>> - Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
>>   exist
>> - Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
>>   exist
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
>> Change-Id: I295d6f0f2e0579b8d9882bfd8fd5a4194b97bd9a
>> ---
>>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 538 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
>>  1 file changed, 500 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
>> index 8d64528dcc22..e511073446a0 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
>> @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
>>  #include <linux/uaccess.h>
>>  #include <linux/vfio.h>
>>  #include <linux/workqueue.h>
>> +#include <linux/mdev.h>
>>  
>>  #define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.2"
>>  #define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
>> @@ -56,6 +57,7 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_hugepages,
>>  struct vfio_iommu {
>>  	struct list_head	domain_list;
>>  	struct list_head	addr_space_list;
>> +	struct vfio_domain	*external_domain; /* domain for external user */
>>  	struct mutex		lock;
>>  	struct rb_root		dma_list;
>>  	bool			v2;
>> @@ -67,6 +69,9 @@ struct vfio_addr_space {
>>  	struct mm_struct	*mm;
>>  	struct list_head	next;
>>  	atomic_t		ref_count;
>> +	/* external user pinned pfns */
>> +	struct rb_root		pfn_list;	/* pinned Host pfn list */
>> +	struct mutex		pfn_list_lock;	/* mutex for pfn_list */
>>  };
>>  
>>  struct vfio_domain {
>> @@ -83,6 +88,7 @@ struct vfio_dma {
>>  	unsigned long		vaddr;		/* Process virtual addr */
>>  	size_t			size;		/* Map size (bytes) */
>>  	int			prot;		/* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
>> +	bool			iommu_mapped;
>>  	struct vfio_addr_space	*addr_space;
>>  	struct task_struct	*task;
>>  	bool			mlock_cap;
>> @@ -94,6 +100,19 @@ struct vfio_group {
>>  };
>>  
>>  /*
>> + * Guest RAM pinning working set or DMA target
>> + */
>> +struct vfio_pfn {
>> +	struct rb_node		node;
>> +	unsigned long		pfn;		/* Host pfn */
>> +	int			prot;
>> +	atomic_t		ref_count;
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)	\
>> +					(!list_empty(&iommu->domain_list))
>> +
>> +/*
>>   * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
>>   * into DMA'ble space using the IOMMU
>>   */
>> @@ -153,6 +172,93 @@ static struct vfio_addr_space *vfio_find_addr_space(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>>  	return NULL;
>>  }
>>  
>> +/*
>> + * Helper Functions for host pfn list
>> + */
>> +static struct vfio_pfn *vfio_find_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
>> +				      unsigned long pfn)
>> +{
>> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
>> +	struct rb_node *node = addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
>> +
>> +	while (node) {
>> +		vpfn = rb_entry(node, struct vfio_pfn, node);
>> +
>> +		if (pfn < vpfn->pfn)
>> +			node = node->rb_left;
>> +		else if (pfn > vpfn->pfn)
>> +			node = node->rb_right;
>> +		else
>> +			return vpfn;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void vfio_link_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
>> +			  struct vfio_pfn *new)
>> +{
>> +	struct rb_node **link, *parent = NULL;
>> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
>> +
>> +	link = &addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
>> +	while (*link) {
>> +		parent = *link;
>> +		vpfn = rb_entry(parent, struct vfio_pfn, node);
>> +
>> +		if (new->pfn < vpfn->pfn)
>> +			link = &(*link)->rb_left;
>> +		else
>> +			link = &(*link)->rb_right;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	rb_link_node(&new->node, parent, link);
>> +	rb_insert_color(&new->node, &addr_space->pfn_list);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void vfio_unlink_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
>> +			    struct vfio_pfn *old)
>> +{
>> +	rb_erase(&old->node, &addr_space->pfn_list);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int vfio_add_to_pfn_list(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
>> +				unsigned long pfn, int prot)
>> +{
>> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
>> +
>> +	vpfn = kzalloc(sizeof(*vpfn), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +	if (!vpfn)
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> +	vpfn->pfn = pfn;
>> +	vpfn->prot = prot;
>> +	atomic_set(&vpfn->ref_count, 1);
>> +	vfio_link_pfn(addr_space, vpfn);
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void vfio_remove_from_pfn_list(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
>> +				      struct vfio_pfn *vpfn)
>> +{
>> +	vfio_unlink_pfn(addr_space, vpfn);
>> +	kfree(vpfn);
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int vfio_pfn_account(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
>> +			    unsigned long pfn)
>> +{
>> +	struct vfio_pfn *p;
>> +	int ret = 1;
>> +
>> +	mutex_lock(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
>> +	p = vfio_find_pfn(addr_space, pfn);
>> +	if (p)
>> +		ret = 0;
>> +	mutex_unlock(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>>  struct vwork {
>>  	struct mm_struct	*mm;
>>  	long			npage;
>> @@ -304,16 +410,18 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>>  	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>>  	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
>>  	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
>> -	long ret, i;
>> +	long ret, i, lock_acct;
>>  	bool rsvd;
>>  
>>  	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
>>  	if (ret)
>>  		return ret;
>>  
>> +	lock_acct = vfio_pfn_account(dma->addr_space, *pfn_base);
>> +
>>  	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
>>  
>> -	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
>> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + lock_acct > limit) {
>>  		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
>>  		pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
>>  			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
>> @@ -340,8 +448,10 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>>  			break;
>>  		}
>>  
>> +		lock_acct += vfio_pfn_account(dma->addr_space, pfn);
>> +
>>  		if (!rsvd && !lock_cap &&
>> -		    mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
>> +		    mm->locked_vm + lock_acct + 1 > limit) {
>>  			put_pfn(pfn, prot);
>>  			pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
>>  				__func__, limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
>> @@ -350,7 +460,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>>  	}
>>  
>>  	if (!rsvd)
>> -		vfio_lock_acct(mm, i);
>> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, lock_acct);
>>  
>>  	return i;
>>  }
>> @@ -370,14 +480,214 @@ static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long pfn,
>>  	return unlocked;
>>  }
>>  
>> -static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>> +static int __vfio_pin_page_external(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>> +				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base,
>> +				    bool do_accounting)
>> +{
>> +	struct task_struct *task = dma->task;
>> +	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>> +	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
>> +	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
>> +	int ret;
>> +	bool rsvd;
>> +
>> +	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		return ret;
>> +
>> +	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
>> +
>> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
>> +		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
>> +		pr_warn("%s: Task %s (%d) RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
>> +			__func__, task->comm, task_pid_nr(task),
>> +			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (!rsvd && do_accounting)
>> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, 1);
>> +
>> +	return 1;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __vfio_unpin_page_external(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
>> +				       unsigned long pfn, int prot,
>> +				       bool do_accounting)
>> +{
>> +	put_pfn(pfn, prot);
>> +
>> +	if (do_accounting)
>> +		vfio_lock_acct(addr_space->mm, -1);
> 
> Can't we batch this like we do elsewhere?  Intel folks, AIUI you intend
> to pin all VM memory through this side channel, have you tested the
> scalability and performance of this with larger VMs?  Our vfio_pfn
> data structure alone is 40 bytes per pinned page, which means for
> each 1GB of VM memory, we have 10MBs worth of struct vfio_pfn!
> Additionally, unmapping each 1GB of VM memory will result in 256k
> separate vfio_lock_acct() callbacks.  I'm concerned that we're not
> being efficient enough in either space or time.

Hi Alex,

Sorry for being confusing, Intel vGPU actually doesn't necessarily need
to pin all guest memory. A vGPU has its page table (GTT), whose access
is trapped. Whenever guest driver wants to specify a page for DMA, it
writes the GTT entry - thereby we could know the event and pin that
page only.

Performance data will be shared once available. Thanks :)

--
Thanks,
Jike

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-07 23:16   ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-08  6:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-15  5:17     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-08  6:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
> Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
> managed by an IOMMU domain.
> 
> Aim of this change is:
> - To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
> - To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module
> 
> This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
> backend module. More details:
> - vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
>   that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
> - Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
>   pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.
> - Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
>   remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
> - Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
>   pages are pinned/unpinned.
> -  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
>   domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
>   container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
>   during DMA_MAP.
> - Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
>   through device.
> 
> Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
> - GPU pass through only

This does not require this patchset, right?

> - vGPU device only

Out of curiosity - how exactly did you test this? The exact GPU, how to
create vGPU, what was the QEMU command line and the guest does with this
passed device? Thanks.




-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08  7:29   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-08 20:46     ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-08  7:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> Vendor driver using mediated device framework should use
> vfio_info_add_capability() to add capabilities.
> Introduced this function to reduce code duplication in vendor drivers.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: I6fca329fa2291f37a2c859d0bc97574d9e2ce1a6
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>  include/linux/vfio.h |  3 +++
>  2 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> index 4ed1a6a247c6..9a03be0942a1 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> @@ -1797,8 +1797,66 @@ void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset)
>  	for (tmp = caps->buf; tmp->next; tmp = (void *)tmp + tmp->next - offset)
>  		tmp->next += offset;
>  }
> -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_cap_shift);


Why this change?


>  
> +static int sparse_mmap_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
> +	struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap *sparse_cap, *sparse = cap_type;
> +	size_t size;
> +
> +	size = sizeof(*sparse) + sparse->nr_areas *  sizeof(*sparse->areas);
> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, size,
> +				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP, 1);
> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
> +
> +	sparse_cap = container_of(header,
> +			struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap, header);
> +	sparse_cap->nr_areas = sparse->nr_areas;
> +	memcpy(sparse_cap->areas, sparse->areas,
> +	       sparse->nr_areas * sizeof(*sparse->areas));
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int region_type_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
> +{
> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
> +	struct vfio_region_info_cap_type *type_cap, *cap = cap_type;
> +
> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, sizeof(*cap),
> +				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE, 1);
> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
> +
> +	type_cap = container_of(header, struct vfio_region_info_cap_type,
> +				header);
> +	type_cap->type = cap->type;
> +	type_cap->subtype = cap->subtype;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
> +			     void *cap_type)
> +{
> +	int ret = -EINVAL;
> +
> +	if (!cap_type)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	switch (cap_type_id) {
> +	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP:
> +		ret = sparse_mmap_cap(caps, cap_type);
> +		break;
> +
> +	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE:
> +		ret = region_type_cap(caps, cap_type);
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
>  
>  /*
>   * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> index dcda8fccefab..cf90393a11e2 100644
> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -113,6 +113,9 @@ extern struct vfio_info_cap_header *vfio_info_cap_add(
>  		struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t size, u16 id, u16 version);
>  extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
>  
> +extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
> +				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
> +


It would make it easier to review and bisect if 14/22 was squashed into
this one. In the resulting patch, vfio_info_cap_add() can be made static as
it will only be used in drivers/vfio/vfio.c from now.




>  struct pci_dev;
>  #ifdef CONFIG_EEH
>  extern void vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(struct pci_dev *pdev);
> 


-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare() Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08  8:46   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-08 20:22     ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-08  8:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> Vendor driver using mediated device framework would use same mechnism to
> validate and prepare IRQs. Introducing this function to reduce code
> replication in multiple drivers.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: Ie201f269dda0713ca18a07dc4852500bd8b48309
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/vfio.h |  4 ++++
>  2 files changed, 52 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> index 9a03be0942a1..ed2361e4b904 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> @@ -1858,6 +1858,54 @@ int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
>  
> +int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr, int num_irqs,
> +				       int max_irq_type, size_t *data_size)
> +{
> +	unsigned long minsz;
> +	size_t size;
> +
> +	minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
> +
> +	if ((hdr->argsz < minsz) || (hdr->index >= max_irq_type) ||
> +	    (hdr->count >= (U32_MAX - hdr->start)) ||
> +	    (hdr->flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
> +				VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK)))
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	if (data_size)

Pointless check, the callers will pass non null pointer with value
initialized to 0 anyway.


> +		*data_size = 0;
> +
> +	if (hdr->start >= num_irqs || hdr->start + hdr->count > num_irqs)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	switch (hdr->flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK) {
> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE:
> +		size = 0;
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL:
> +		size = sizeof(uint8_t);
> +		break;
> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD:
> +		size = sizeof(int32_t);
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (size) {

The whole branch would even work for size == 0.

> +		if (hdr->argsz - minsz < hdr->count * size)
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +
> +		if (!data_size)
> +			return -EINVAL;

Redundant check as well.

> +
> +		*data_size = hdr->count * size;
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}

It does not really prepare anything as the name suggests. It looks like
this is 2 different helpers actually:

int vfio_set_irqs_validate()
and
size_t vfio_set_irqs_hdr_to_data_size()


And it would make it easier to review/bisect if 16/22 and 17/22 were merged
into this one as this patch alone adds new code which it does not use and
all 3 patches are fairly small.


> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare);

Everything you export in this patchset is EXPORT_SYMBOL() while the
existing code uses EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(), is this for a reason?


> +
>  /*
>   * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
>   * domain only.
> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> index cf90393a11e2..87c9afecd822 100644
> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -116,6 +116,10 @@ extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
>  extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
>  				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
>  
> +extern int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr,
> +					      int num_irqs, int max_irq_type,
> +					      size_t *data_size);
> +
>  struct pci_dev;
>  #ifdef CONFIG_EEH
>  extern void vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(struct pci_dev *pdev);
> 


-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 17/22] vfio_platform: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 17/22] vfio_platform: " Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08  8:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-08 20:41     ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-08  8:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> Updated vfio_platform_common.c file to use
> vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
> 
> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> Change-Id: Id87cd6b78ae901610b39bf957974baa6f40cd7b0
> ---
>  drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c | 31 +++++++---------------------
>  1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c b/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
> index d78142830754..4c27f4be3c3d 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
> @@ -364,36 +364,21 @@ static long vfio_platform_ioctl(void *device_data,
>  		struct vfio_irq_set hdr;
>  		u8 *data = NULL;
>  		int ret = 0;
> +		size_t data_size = 0;
>  
>  		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
>  
>  		if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
>  			return -EFAULT;
>  
> -		if (hdr.argsz < minsz)
> -			return -EINVAL;
> -
> -		if (hdr.index >= vdev->num_irqs)
> -			return -EINVAL;
> -
> -		if (hdr.flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
> -				  VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK))
> -			return -EINVAL;
> -
> -		if (!(hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE)) {
> -			size_t size;
> -
> -			if (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL)
> -				size = sizeof(uint8_t);
> -			else if (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD)
> -				size = sizeof(int32_t);
> -			else
> -				return -EINVAL;
> -
> -			if (hdr.argsz - minsz < size)
> -				return -EINVAL;
> +		ret = vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(&hdr, vdev->num_irqs,
> +						 vdev->num_irqs, &data_size);

The patch does not change this but I am still curious:

is not the second vdev->num_irqs supposed to be one of
VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX..VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS, not the actual number of
interrupt vectors (as in vfio-pci)?




> +		if (ret)
> +			return ret;
>  
> -			data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz), size);
> +		if (data_size) {
> +			data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz),
> +					    data_size);
>  			if (IS_ERR(data))
>  				return PTR_ERR(data);
>  		}
> 


-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops
  2016-11-07 19:36   ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-08 13:55     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08 16:39       ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 13:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alex Williamson
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 1:06 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:39 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
...
>> +int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
>> +		   int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn)
>> +{
>> +	struct vfio_container *container;
>> +	struct vfio_group *group;
>> +	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
>> +	int ret;
>> +
>> +	if (!dev || !user_pfn || !phys_pfn)
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
>> +	if (IS_ERR(group))
>> +		return PTR_ERR(group);
>> +
>> +	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		goto err_pin_pages;
>> +
>> +	container = group->container;
>> +	down_read(&container->group_lock);
>> +
>> +	driver = container->iommu_driver;
>> +	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->pin_pages))
>> +		ret = driver->ops->pin_pages(container->iommu_data, user_pfn,
>> +					     npage, prot, phys_pfn);
>> +	else
>> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> 
> -ENOTTY might be a more appropriate error return here and below since
> we're not signaling invalid argument, we're signaling lack of support.
> 

Used -EINVAL in sync with other driver->ops like read, write and mmap.
Changing it to -ENOTTY as you suggested above since these ops are optional.

...

>> -static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>> -			   int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
>> +static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
>> +				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
> 
> nit, what is the additional underscore prefix intended to imply?
> Appending _remote is sufficient to avoid the symbol conflict.
>

This function name changed in review process from start, we started with
changing to __vfio_pin_pages and then added _remote to it later. We can
remove '__' from it. Updating.

...

>> -
>> +	int		(*pin_pages)(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *user_pfn,
>> +				     int npage, int prot,
>> +				     unsigned long *phys_pfn);
>> +	int		(*unpin_pages)(void *iommu_data,
> 
> Are we changing from long to int here simply because of the absurdity
> in passing in more than a 2^31 entry array, that would already consume
> more than 16GB itself?
> 

These are on demand pin/unpin request, will that request go beyond 16GB
limit? For Nvidia vGPU solution, pin request will not go beyond this limit.

>> +				       unsigned long *user_pfn,
>> +				       unsigned long *pfn,
> 
> nit, use phys_pfn so as to match the pin function?
> 

Ok.

>> +				       int npage);
>>  };
>>  
>>  extern int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
>> @@ -127,6 +133,12 @@ static inline long vfio_spapr_iommu_eeh_ioctl(struct iommu_group *group,
>>  }
>>  #endif /* CONFIG_EEH */
>>  
>> +extern int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
>> +			  int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn);
>> +
>> +extern int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
>> +			    unsigned long *pfn, int npage);
>> +
>>  /*
>>   * IRQfd - generic
>>   */
> 

Thanks,
Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 09/22] vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
  2016-11-07 21:03   ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-08 14:13     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08 16:43       ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 14:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alex Williamson
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 2:33 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:43 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 

...

>>  static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>>  			   struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map *map)
>>  {
>>  	dma_addr_t iova = map->iova;
>>  	unsigned long vaddr = map->vaddr;
>>  	size_t size = map->size;
>> -	long npage;
>>  	int ret = 0, prot = 0;
>>  	uint64_t mask;
>>  	struct vfio_dma *dma;
>> -	unsigned long pfn;
>> +	struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space;
>> +	struct mm_struct *mm;
>> +	bool free_addr_space_on_err = false;
>>  
>>  	/* Verify that none of our __u64 fields overflow */
>>  	if (map->size != size || map->vaddr != vaddr || map->iova != iova)
>> @@ -608,47 +685,56 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
>>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>>  
>>  	if (vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, size)) {
>> -		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>> -		return -EEXIST;
>> +		ret = -EEXIST;
>> +		goto do_map_err;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	mm = get_task_mm(current);
>> +	if (!mm) {
>> +		ret = -ENODEV;
> 
> -EFAULT?
>

-ENODEV return is in original code from vfio_pin_pages()
        if (!current->mm)
                return -ENODEV;

Once I thought of changing it to -EFAULT, but then again changed to
-ENODEV to be consistent with original error code.

Should I still change this return to -EFAULT?


>> +		goto do_map_err;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	addr_space = vfio_find_addr_space(iommu, mm);
>> +	if (addr_space) {
>> +		atomic_inc(&addr_space->ref_count);
>> +		mmput(mm);
>> +	} else {
>> +		addr_space = kzalloc(sizeof(*addr_space), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +		if (!addr_space) {
>> +			ret = -ENOMEM;
>> +			goto do_map_err;
>> +		}
>> +		addr_space->mm = mm;
>> +		atomic_set(&addr_space->ref_count, 1);
>> +		list_add(&addr_space->next, &iommu->addr_space_list);
>> +		free_addr_space_on_err = true;
>>  	}
>>  
>>  	dma = kzalloc(sizeof(*dma), GFP_KERNEL);
>>  	if (!dma) {
>> -		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>> -		return -ENOMEM;
>> +		if (free_addr_space_on_err) {
>> +			mmput(mm);
>> +			list_del(&addr_space->next);
>> +			kfree(addr_space);
>> +		}
>> +		ret = -ENOMEM;
>> +		goto do_map_err;
>>  	}
>>  
>>  	dma->iova = iova;
>>  	dma->vaddr = vaddr;
>>  	dma->prot = prot;
>> +	dma->addr_space = addr_space;
>> +	get_task_struct(current);
>> +	dma->task = current;
>> +	dma->mlock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);
> 
> 
> How do you reason we can cache this?  Does the fact that the process
> had this capability at the time that it did a DMA_MAP imply that it
> necessarily still has this capability when an external user (vendor
> driver) tries to pin pages?  I don't see how we can make that
> assumption.
> 
> 

Will process change MEMLOCK limit at runtime? I think it shouldn't,
correct me if I'm wrong. QEMU doesn't do that, right?

The function capable() determines current task's capability. But when
vfio_pin_pages() is called, it could come from other task but pages are
pinned from address space of task who mapped it. So we can't use
capable() in vfio_pin_pages()

If this capability shouldn't be cached, we have to use has_capability()
with dma->task as argument in vfio_pin_pages()

 bool has_capability(struct task_struct *t, int cap)

Thanks,
Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-07 23:16   ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08  2:20     ` Jike Song
@ 2016-11-08 15:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08 17:05       ` Alex Williamson
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 15:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alex Williamson
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 4:46 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:44 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
...

>> -static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
>> +static int __vfio_pin_page_external(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
>> +				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base,
>> +				    bool do_accounting)
>> +{
>> +	struct task_struct *task = dma->task;
>> +	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
>> +	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
>> +	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
>> +	int ret;
>> +	bool rsvd;
>> +
>> +	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		return ret;
>> +
>> +	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
>> +
>> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
>> +		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
>> +		pr_warn("%s: Task %s (%d) RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
>> +			__func__, task->comm, task_pid_nr(task),
>> +			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
>> +		return -ENOMEM;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (!rsvd && do_accounting)
>> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, 1);
>> +
>> +	return 1;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __vfio_unpin_page_external(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
>> +				       unsigned long pfn, int prot,
>> +				       bool do_accounting)
>> +{
>> +	put_pfn(pfn, prot);
>> +
>> +	if (do_accounting)
>> +		vfio_lock_acct(addr_space->mm, -1);
> 
> Can't we batch this like we do elsewhere?  Intel folks, AIUI you intend
> to pin all VM memory through this side channel, have you tested the
> scalability and performance of this with larger VMs?  Our vfio_pfn
> data structure alone is 40 bytes per pinned page, which means for
> each 1GB of VM memory, we have 10MBs worth of struct vfio_pfn!
> Additionally, unmapping each 1GB of VM memory will result in 256k
> separate vfio_lock_acct() callbacks.  I'm concerned that we're not
> being efficient enough in either space or time.
> 
> One thought might be whether we really need to save the pfn, we better
> always get the same result if we pin it again, or maybe we can just do
> a lookup through the mm at that point without re-pinning.  Could we get
> to the point where we only need an atomic_t ref count per page in a
> linear array relative to the IOVA?

Ok. Is System RAM hot-plug supported? How is system RAM hot-plug
handled? Are there DMA_MAP calls on such hot-plug for additional range?
If we have a linear array/memory, we will have to realloc it on memory
hot-plug?

>  That would give us 1MB per 1GB
> overhead. The semantics of the pin and unpin would make more sense then
> too, both would take an IOVA range, only pinning would need a return
> mechanism. For instance:
> 
> int pin_pages(void *iommu_data, dma_addr_t iova_base,
> 	      int npage, unsigned long *pfn_base);
> 
> This would pin physically contiguous pages up to npage, returning the
> base pfn and returning the number of pages pinned (<= npage).  The
> vendor driver would make multiple calls to fill the necessary range.


With the current patch, input is user_pfn[] array and npages.

int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
                   int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn)


When guest allocates memory with malloc(), gfns would not be contiguous,
right? These gfns (user_pfns) are passed as argument here.
Is there any case where we could get pin/unpin request for contiguous pages?


> Unpin would then simply be:
> 
> void unpin_pages(void *iommu_data, dma_addr_t iova_base, int npage);
> 
> Hugepage usage would really make such an interface shine (ie. 2MB+
> contiguous ranges).  A downside would be the overhead of getting the
> group and container reference in vfio for each callback, perhaps we'd
> need to figure out how the vendor driver could hold that reference.

In very initial phases of proposal, I had suggested to keep pointer to
container->iommu_data in struct mdev_device. But that was discarded.

> The current API of passing around pfn arrays, further increasing the
> overhead of the whole ecosystem just makes me cringe though.
> 

...

>> +		if (ret <= 0) {
>> +			WARN_ON(!ret);
>> +			goto pin_unwind;
>> +		}
>> +
>> +		mutex_lock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
>> +
>> +		/* search if pfn exist */
>> +		p = vfio_find_pfn(dma->addr_space, pfn[i]);
>> +		if (p) {
>> +			atomic_inc(&p->ref_count);
> 
> We never test whether (p->prot == prot), shouldn't we be doing
> something in that case?  In fact, why do we allow the side-channel
> through the .{un}pin_pages to specify page protection flags that might
> be different than the user specified for the DMA_MAP?  If the user
> specified read-only, the vendor driver should not be allowed to
> override with read-write access.
> 

If user specified protection flags for DMA_MAP could be
prot = IOMMU_WRITE | IOMMU_READ;

But vendor driver can request to pin page to be readonly, i.e.
IOMMU_READ. In that case, pin pages should be allowed, right?

Then the check should be if (p->prot & prot).

Thanks,
Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-08  2:20     ` Jike Song
@ 2016-11-08 16:18       ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-08 16:18 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jike Song
  Cc: Kirti Wankhede, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm,
	kevin.tian, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Tue, 08 Nov 2016 10:20:14 +0800
Jike Song <jike.song@intel.com> wrote:

> On 11/08/2016 07:16 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:44 +0530
> > Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >   
> >> VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
> >> Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
> >> managed by an IOMMU domain.
> >>
> >> Aim of this change is:
> >> - To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
> >> - To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module
> >>
> >> This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
> >> backend module. More details:
> >> - vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
> >>   that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
> >> - Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
> >>   pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.  
> >                                           ^ k
> > ------------------------------------------|
> >   
> >> - Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
> >>   remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
> >> - Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
> >>   pages are pinned/unpinned.
> >> -  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
> >>   domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
> >>   container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
> >>   during DMA_MAP.
> >> - Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
> >>   through device.
> >>
> >> Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
> >> - GPU pass through only
> >> - vGPU device only
> >> - One GPU pass through and one vGPU device
> >> - Linux VM hot plug and unplug vGPU device while GPU pass through device
> >>   exist
> >> - Linux VM hot plug and unplug GPU pass through device while vGPU device
> >>   exist
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> >> Change-Id: I295d6f0f2e0579b8d9882bfd8fd5a4194b97bd9a
> >> ---
> >>  drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 538 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> >>  1 file changed, 500 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> >> index 8d64528dcc22..e511073446a0 100644
> >> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> >> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> >> @@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
> >>  #include <linux/uaccess.h>
> >>  #include <linux/vfio.h>
> >>  #include <linux/workqueue.h>
> >> +#include <linux/mdev.h>
> >>  
> >>  #define DRIVER_VERSION  "0.2"
> >>  #define DRIVER_AUTHOR   "Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>"
> >> @@ -56,6 +57,7 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(disable_hugepages,
> >>  struct vfio_iommu {
> >>  	struct list_head	domain_list;
> >>  	struct list_head	addr_space_list;
> >> +	struct vfio_domain	*external_domain; /* domain for external user */
> >>  	struct mutex		lock;
> >>  	struct rb_root		dma_list;
> >>  	bool			v2;
> >> @@ -67,6 +69,9 @@ struct vfio_addr_space {
> >>  	struct mm_struct	*mm;
> >>  	struct list_head	next;
> >>  	atomic_t		ref_count;
> >> +	/* external user pinned pfns */
> >> +	struct rb_root		pfn_list;	/* pinned Host pfn list */
> >> +	struct mutex		pfn_list_lock;	/* mutex for pfn_list */
> >>  };
> >>  
> >>  struct vfio_domain {
> >> @@ -83,6 +88,7 @@ struct vfio_dma {
> >>  	unsigned long		vaddr;		/* Process virtual addr */
> >>  	size_t			size;		/* Map size (bytes) */
> >>  	int			prot;		/* IOMMU_READ/WRITE */
> >> +	bool			iommu_mapped;
> >>  	struct vfio_addr_space	*addr_space;
> >>  	struct task_struct	*task;
> >>  	bool			mlock_cap;
> >> @@ -94,6 +100,19 @@ struct vfio_group {
> >>  };
> >>  
> >>  /*
> >> + * Guest RAM pinning working set or DMA target
> >> + */
> >> +struct vfio_pfn {
> >> +	struct rb_node		node;
> >> +	unsigned long		pfn;		/* Host pfn */
> >> +	int			prot;
> >> +	atomic_t		ref_count;
> >> +};
> >> +
> >> +#define IS_IOMMU_CAP_DOMAIN_IN_CONTAINER(iommu)	\
> >> +					(!list_empty(&iommu->domain_list))
> >> +
> >> +/*
> >>   * This code handles mapping and unmapping of user data buffers
> >>   * into DMA'ble space using the IOMMU
> >>   */
> >> @@ -153,6 +172,93 @@ static struct vfio_addr_space *vfio_find_addr_space(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> >>  	return NULL;
> >>  }
> >>  
> >> +/*
> >> + * Helper Functions for host pfn list
> >> + */
> >> +static struct vfio_pfn *vfio_find_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> >> +				      unsigned long pfn)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
> >> +	struct rb_node *node = addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
> >> +
> >> +	while (node) {
> >> +		vpfn = rb_entry(node, struct vfio_pfn, node);
> >> +
> >> +		if (pfn < vpfn->pfn)
> >> +			node = node->rb_left;
> >> +		else if (pfn > vpfn->pfn)
> >> +			node = node->rb_right;
> >> +		else
> >> +			return vpfn;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	return NULL;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void vfio_link_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> >> +			  struct vfio_pfn *new)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct rb_node **link, *parent = NULL;
> >> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
> >> +
> >> +	link = &addr_space->pfn_list.rb_node;
> >> +	while (*link) {
> >> +		parent = *link;
> >> +		vpfn = rb_entry(parent, struct vfio_pfn, node);
> >> +
> >> +		if (new->pfn < vpfn->pfn)
> >> +			link = &(*link)->rb_left;
> >> +		else
> >> +			link = &(*link)->rb_right;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	rb_link_node(&new->node, parent, link);
> >> +	rb_insert_color(&new->node, &addr_space->pfn_list);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void vfio_unlink_pfn(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> >> +			    struct vfio_pfn *old)
> >> +{
> >> +	rb_erase(&old->node, &addr_space->pfn_list);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static int vfio_add_to_pfn_list(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> >> +				unsigned long pfn, int prot)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct vfio_pfn *vpfn;
> >> +
> >> +	vpfn = kzalloc(sizeof(*vpfn), GFP_KERNEL);
> >> +	if (!vpfn)
> >> +		return -ENOMEM;
> >> +
> >> +	vpfn->pfn = pfn;
> >> +	vpfn->prot = prot;
> >> +	atomic_set(&vpfn->ref_count, 1);
> >> +	vfio_link_pfn(addr_space, vpfn);
> >> +	return 0;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void vfio_remove_from_pfn_list(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> >> +				      struct vfio_pfn *vpfn)
> >> +{
> >> +	vfio_unlink_pfn(addr_space, vpfn);
> >> +	kfree(vpfn);
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static int vfio_pfn_account(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> >> +			    unsigned long pfn)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct vfio_pfn *p;
> >> +	int ret = 1;
> >> +
> >> +	mutex_lock(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> >> +	p = vfio_find_pfn(addr_space, pfn);
> >> +	if (p)
> >> +		ret = 0;
> >> +	mutex_unlock(&addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> >> +	return ret;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >>  struct vwork {
> >>  	struct mm_struct	*mm;
> >>  	long			npage;
> >> @@ -304,16 +410,18 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> >>  	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> >>  	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
> >>  	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
> >> -	long ret, i;
> >> +	long ret, i, lock_acct;
> >>  	bool rsvd;
> >>  
> >>  	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
> >>  	if (ret)
> >>  		return ret;
> >>  
> >> +	lock_acct = vfio_pfn_account(dma->addr_space, *pfn_base);
> >> +
> >>  	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
> >>  
> >> -	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
> >> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + lock_acct > limit) {
> >>  		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
> >>  		pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n", __func__,
> >>  			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> >> @@ -340,8 +448,10 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> >>  			break;
> >>  		}
> >>  
> >> +		lock_acct += vfio_pfn_account(dma->addr_space, pfn);
> >> +
> >>  		if (!rsvd && !lock_cap &&
> >> -		    mm->locked_vm + i + 1 > limit) {
> >> +		    mm->locked_vm + lock_acct + 1 > limit) {
> >>  			put_pfn(pfn, prot);
> >>  			pr_warn("%s: RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
> >>  				__func__, limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> >> @@ -350,7 +460,7 @@ static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> >>  	}
> >>  
> >>  	if (!rsvd)
> >> -		vfio_lock_acct(mm, i);
> >> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, lock_acct);
> >>  
> >>  	return i;
> >>  }
> >> @@ -370,14 +480,214 @@ static long __vfio_unpin_pages_remote(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long pfn,
> >>  	return unlocked;
> >>  }
> >>  
> >> -static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
> >> +static int __vfio_pin_page_external(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> >> +				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base,
> >> +				    bool do_accounting)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct task_struct *task = dma->task;
> >> +	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> >> +	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
> >> +	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
> >> +	int ret;
> >> +	bool rsvd;
> >> +
> >> +	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
> >> +	if (ret)
> >> +		return ret;
> >> +
> >> +	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
> >> +
> >> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
> >> +		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
> >> +		pr_warn("%s: Task %s (%d) RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
> >> +			__func__, task->comm, task_pid_nr(task),
> >> +			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> >> +		return -ENOMEM;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	if (!rsvd && do_accounting)
> >> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, 1);
> >> +
> >> +	return 1;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __vfio_unpin_page_external(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> >> +				       unsigned long pfn, int prot,
> >> +				       bool do_accounting)
> >> +{
> >> +	put_pfn(pfn, prot);
> >> +
> >> +	if (do_accounting)
> >> +		vfio_lock_acct(addr_space->mm, -1);  
> > 
> > Can't we batch this like we do elsewhere?  Intel folks, AIUI you intend
> > to pin all VM memory through this side channel, have you tested the
> > scalability and performance of this with larger VMs?  Our vfio_pfn
> > data structure alone is 40 bytes per pinned page, which means for
> > each 1GB of VM memory, we have 10MBs worth of struct vfio_pfn!
> > Additionally, unmapping each 1GB of VM memory will result in 256k
> > separate vfio_lock_acct() callbacks.  I'm concerned that we're not
> > being efficient enough in either space or time.  
> 
> Hi Alex,
> 
> Sorry for being confusing, Intel vGPU actually doesn't necessarily need
> to pin all guest memory. A vGPU has its page table (GTT), whose access
> is trapped. Whenever guest driver wants to specify a page for DMA, it
> writes the GTT entry - thereby we could know the event and pin that
> page only.
> 
> Performance data will be shared once available. Thanks :)

Ok, so maybe if none of the initial users are mapping full VM memory
then scalability can be saved for future optimization.  Thanks,

Alex

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  2016-11-07 23:45   ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-08 16:26     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08 17:46       ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 16:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alex Williamson
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 5:15 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:45 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
...
>>  
>> +int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)
> 
> Is the expectation here that this is a generic notifier for all
> vfio->mdev signaling?  That should probably be made clear in the mdev
> API to avoid vendor drivers assuming their notifier callback only
> occurs for unmaps, even if that's currently the case.
> 

Ok. Adding comment about notifier callback in mdev_device which is part
of next patch.

...

>>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>>  
>> -	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
>> +	/* Fail if notifier list is empty */
>> +	if ((!iommu->external_domain) || (!iommu->notifier.head)) {
>>  		ret = -EINVAL;
>>  		goto pin_done;
>>  	}
>> @@ -867,6 +870,11 @@ unlock:
>>  	/* Report how much was unmapped */
>>  	unmap->size = unmapped;
>>  
>> +	if (unmapped && iommu->external_domain)
>> +		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
>> +					     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
>> +					     unmap);
> 
> This is after the fact, there's already a gap here where pages are
> unpinned and the mdev device is still running.

Oh, there is a bug here, now unpin_pages() take user_pfn as argument and
find vfio_dma. If its not found, it doesn't unpin pages. We have to call
this notifier before vfio_remove_dma(). But if we call this before
vfio_remove_dma() there will be deadlock since iommu->lock is already
held here and vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages() will also try to hold
iommu->lock.
If we want to call blocking_notifier_call_chain() before
vfio_remove_dma(), sequence should be:

unmapped += dma->size;
mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
if (iommu->external_domain)) {
	struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap nb_unmap;

	nb_unmap.iova = dma->iova;
	nb_unmap.size = dma->size;
	blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
        	                     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
                	             &nb_unmap);
}
mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);


>  The notifier needs to
> happen prior to that and I suspect that we need to validate that we
> have no remaining external pfn references within this vfio_dma block.
> It seems like we need to root our pfn tracking in the vfio_dma so that
> we can see that it's empty after the notifier chain and BUG_ON if not.

There is no way to find pfns from that iova range with current
implementation. We can have this validate if we go with linear array of
iova to track pfns.

> I would also add some enforcement that external pinning is only enabled
> when vfio_iommu_type1 is configured for v2 semantics (ie. we only
> support unmaps exactly matching previous maps).
> 

Ok I'll add that check.

Thanks,
Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops
  2016-11-08 13:55     ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08 16:39       ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08 18:47         ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-08 16:39 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 19:25:35 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> On 11/8/2016 1:06 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:39 +0530
> > Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >   
> ...
> >> +int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> >> +		   int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct vfio_container *container;
> >> +	struct vfio_group *group;
> >> +	struct vfio_iommu_driver *driver;
> >> +	int ret;
> >> +
> >> +	if (!dev || !user_pfn || !phys_pfn)
> >> +		return -EINVAL;
> >> +
> >> +	group = vfio_group_get_from_dev(dev);
> >> +	if (IS_ERR(group))
> >> +		return PTR_ERR(group);
> >> +
> >> +	ret = vfio_group_add_container_user(group);
> >> +	if (ret)
> >> +		goto err_pin_pages;
> >> +
> >> +	container = group->container;
> >> +	down_read(&container->group_lock);
> >> +
> >> +	driver = container->iommu_driver;
> >> +	if (likely(driver && driver->ops->pin_pages))
> >> +		ret = driver->ops->pin_pages(container->iommu_data, user_pfn,
> >> +					     npage, prot, phys_pfn);
> >> +	else
> >> +		ret = -EINVAL;  
> > 
> > -ENOTTY might be a more appropriate error return here and below since
> > we're not signaling invalid argument, we're signaling lack of support.
> >   
> 
> Used -EINVAL in sync with other driver->ops like read, write and mmap.
> Changing it to -ENOTTY as you suggested above since these ops are optional.

TBH, I'm not sure which is better, but it's nice to try to
differentiate different error paths with different errno values.

> ...
> 
> >> -static long vfio_pin_pages(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
> >> -			   int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)
> >> +static long __vfio_pin_pages_remote(unsigned long vaddr, long npage,
> >> +				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base)  
> > 
> > nit, what is the additional underscore prefix intended to imply?
> > Appending _remote is sufficient to avoid the symbol conflict.
> >  
> 
> This function name changed in review process from start, we started with
> changing to __vfio_pin_pages and then added _remote to it later. We can
> remove '__' from it. Updating.
> 
> ...
> 
> >> -
> >> +	int		(*pin_pages)(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> >> +				     int npage, int prot,
> >> +				     unsigned long *phys_pfn);
> >> +	int		(*unpin_pages)(void *iommu_data,  
> > 
> > Are we changing from long to int here simply because of the absurdity
> > in passing in more than a 2^31 entry array, that would already consume
> > more than 16GB itself?
> >   
> 
> These are on demand pin/unpin request, will that request go beyond 16GB
> limit? For Nvidia vGPU solution, pin request will not go beyond this limit.

16G is simply the size of the user_pfn or phys_pfn arrays at a maximal
int32_t npage value, the interface actually allows mapping up to 8TB
per call, but at that point we have 16GB of input, 16GB of output, and
80GB of vfio_pfns created.  So I don't really have a problem changing
form long to int given lack of scalability in the API in general, but
it does make me second guess the API itself.  Thanks,

Alex
 
> >> +				       unsigned long *user_pfn,
> >> +				       unsigned long *pfn,  
> > 
> > nit, use phys_pfn so as to match the pin function?
> >   
> 
> Ok.
> 
> >> +				       int npage);
> >>  };
> >>  
> >>  extern int vfio_register_iommu_driver(const struct vfio_iommu_driver_ops *ops);
> >> @@ -127,6 +133,12 @@ static inline long vfio_spapr_iommu_eeh_ioctl(struct iommu_group *group,
> >>  }
> >>  #endif /* CONFIG_EEH */
> >>  
> >> +extern int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> >> +			  int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn);
> >> +
> >> +extern int vfio_unpin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> >> +			    unsigned long *pfn, int npage);
> >> +
> >>  /*
> >>   * IRQfd - generic
> >>   */  
> >   
> 
> Thanks,
> Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 09/22] vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma
  2016-11-08 14:13     ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08 16:43       ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-08 16:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 19:43:25 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> On 11/8/2016 2:33 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:43 +0530
> > Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >   
> 
> ...
> 
> >>  static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> >>  			   struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_map *map)
> >>  {
> >>  	dma_addr_t iova = map->iova;
> >>  	unsigned long vaddr = map->vaddr;
> >>  	size_t size = map->size;
> >> -	long npage;
> >>  	int ret = 0, prot = 0;
> >>  	uint64_t mask;
> >>  	struct vfio_dma *dma;
> >> -	unsigned long pfn;
> >> +	struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space;
> >> +	struct mm_struct *mm;
> >> +	bool free_addr_space_on_err = false;
> >>  
> >>  	/* Verify that none of our __u64 fields overflow */
> >>  	if (map->size != size || map->vaddr != vaddr || map->iova != iova)
> >> @@ -608,47 +685,56 @@ static int vfio_dma_do_map(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> >>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> >>  
> >>  	if (vfio_find_dma(iommu, iova, size)) {
> >> -		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> >> -		return -EEXIST;
> >> +		ret = -EEXIST;
> >> +		goto do_map_err;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	mm = get_task_mm(current);
> >> +	if (!mm) {
> >> +		ret = -ENODEV;  
> > 
> > -EFAULT?
> >  
> 
> -ENODEV return is in original code from vfio_pin_pages()
>         if (!current->mm)
>                 return -ENODEV;
> 
> Once I thought of changing it to -EFAULT, but then again changed to
> -ENODEV to be consistent with original error code.
> 
> Should I still change this return to -EFAULT?

Let's keep ENODEV for less code churn, I guess.
 
> >> +		goto do_map_err;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	addr_space = vfio_find_addr_space(iommu, mm);
> >> +	if (addr_space) {
> >> +		atomic_inc(&addr_space->ref_count);
> >> +		mmput(mm);
> >> +	} else {
> >> +		addr_space = kzalloc(sizeof(*addr_space), GFP_KERNEL);
> >> +		if (!addr_space) {
> >> +			ret = -ENOMEM;
> >> +			goto do_map_err;
> >> +		}
> >> +		addr_space->mm = mm;
> >> +		atomic_set(&addr_space->ref_count, 1);
> >> +		list_add(&addr_space->next, &iommu->addr_space_list);
> >> +		free_addr_space_on_err = true;
> >>  	}
> >>  
> >>  	dma = kzalloc(sizeof(*dma), GFP_KERNEL);
> >>  	if (!dma) {
> >> -		mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> >> -		return -ENOMEM;
> >> +		if (free_addr_space_on_err) {
> >> +			mmput(mm);
> >> +			list_del(&addr_space->next);
> >> +			kfree(addr_space);
> >> +		}
> >> +		ret = -ENOMEM;
> >> +		goto do_map_err;
> >>  	}
> >>  
> >>  	dma->iova = iova;
> >>  	dma->vaddr = vaddr;
> >>  	dma->prot = prot;
> >> +	dma->addr_space = addr_space;
> >> +	get_task_struct(current);
> >> +	dma->task = current;
> >> +	dma->mlock_cap = capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK);  
> > 
> > 
> > How do you reason we can cache this?  Does the fact that the process
> > had this capability at the time that it did a DMA_MAP imply that it
> > necessarily still has this capability when an external user (vendor
> > driver) tries to pin pages?  I don't see how we can make that
> > assumption.
> > 
> >   
> 
> Will process change MEMLOCK limit at runtime? I think it shouldn't,
> correct me if I'm wrong. QEMU doesn't do that, right?

What QEMU does or doesn't do isn't relevant, the question is could a
process change CAP_IPC_LOCK runtime.  It seems plausible to me.

> The function capable() determines current task's capability. But when
> vfio_pin_pages() is called, it could come from other task but pages are
> pinned from address space of task who mapped it. So we can't use
> capable() in vfio_pin_pages()
> 
> If this capability shouldn't be cached, we have to use has_capability()
> with dma->task as argument in vfio_pin_pages()
> 
>  bool has_capability(struct task_struct *t, int cap)

Yep, that sounds better.  Thanks,

Alex

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-08 15:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08 17:05       ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-08 17:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 20:36:34 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> On 11/8/2016 4:46 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:44 +0530
> > Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >   
> ...
> 
> >> -static void vfio_unmap_unpin(struct vfio_iommu *iommu, struct vfio_dma *dma)
> >> +static int __vfio_pin_page_external(struct vfio_dma *dma, unsigned long vaddr,
> >> +				    int prot, unsigned long *pfn_base,
> >> +				    bool do_accounting)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct task_struct *task = dma->task;
> >> +	unsigned long limit = task_rlimit(task, RLIMIT_MEMLOCK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> >> +	bool lock_cap = dma->mlock_cap;
> >> +	struct mm_struct *mm = dma->addr_space->mm;
> >> +	int ret;
> >> +	bool rsvd;
> >> +
> >> +	ret = vaddr_get_pfn(mm, vaddr, prot, pfn_base);
> >> +	if (ret)
> >> +		return ret;
> >> +
> >> +	rsvd = is_invalid_reserved_pfn(*pfn_base);
> >> +
> >> +	if (!rsvd && !lock_cap && mm->locked_vm + 1 > limit) {
> >> +		put_pfn(*pfn_base, prot);
> >> +		pr_warn("%s: Task %s (%d) RLIMIT_MEMLOCK (%ld) exceeded\n",
> >> +			__func__, task->comm, task_pid_nr(task),
> >> +			limit << PAGE_SHIFT);
> >> +		return -ENOMEM;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	if (!rsvd && do_accounting)
> >> +		vfio_lock_acct(mm, 1);
> >> +
> >> +	return 1;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static void __vfio_unpin_page_external(struct vfio_addr_space *addr_space,
> >> +				       unsigned long pfn, int prot,
> >> +				       bool do_accounting)
> >> +{
> >> +	put_pfn(pfn, prot);
> >> +
> >> +	if (do_accounting)
> >> +		vfio_lock_acct(addr_space->mm, -1);  
> > 
> > Can't we batch this like we do elsewhere?  Intel folks, AIUI you intend
> > to pin all VM memory through this side channel, have you tested the
> > scalability and performance of this with larger VMs?  Our vfio_pfn
> > data structure alone is 40 bytes per pinned page, which means for
> > each 1GB of VM memory, we have 10MBs worth of struct vfio_pfn!
> > Additionally, unmapping each 1GB of VM memory will result in 256k
> > separate vfio_lock_acct() callbacks.  I'm concerned that we're not
> > being efficient enough in either space or time.
> > 
> > One thought might be whether we really need to save the pfn, we better
> > always get the same result if we pin it again, or maybe we can just do
> > a lookup through the mm at that point without re-pinning.  Could we get
> > to the point where we only need an atomic_t ref count per page in a
> > linear array relative to the IOVA?  
> 
> Ok. Is System RAM hot-plug supported? How is system RAM hot-plug
> handled? Are there DMA_MAP calls on such hot-plug for additional range?
> If we have a linear array/memory, we will have to realloc it on memory
> hot-plug?

I was thinking a linear array for each IOVA page within a vfio_dma.
The array would track the number of references (pins) of each page.  It
might actually need to be a page table given that a single vfio_dma can
nearly map the entire 64bit address space.  I don't think RAM hotplug
is a factor here, we need to support and properly account for multiple
IOVAs mapping to the same pfn, but the typical case will be a 1:1
mapping, I think that's what we'd optimize for.

> >  That would give us 1MB per 1GB
> > overhead. The semantics of the pin and unpin would make more sense then
> > too, both would take an IOVA range, only pinning would need a return
> > mechanism. For instance:
> > 
> > int pin_pages(void *iommu_data, dma_addr_t iova_base,
> > 	      int npage, unsigned long *pfn_base);
> > 
> > This would pin physically contiguous pages up to npage, returning the
> > base pfn and returning the number of pages pinned (<= npage).  The
> > vendor driver would make multiple calls to fill the necessary range.  
> 
> 
> With the current patch, input is user_pfn[] array and npages.
> 
> int vfio_pin_pages(struct device *dev, unsigned long *user_pfn,
>                    int npage, int prot, unsigned long *phys_pfn)
> 
> 
> When guest allocates memory with malloc(), gfns would not be contiguous,
> right? These gfns (user_pfns) are passed as argument here.
> Is there any case where we could get pin/unpin request for contiguous pages?

It would depend on whether the user within the guest is actually
optimizing for hugepages.

> > Unpin would then simply be:
> > 
> > void unpin_pages(void *iommu_data, dma_addr_t iova_base, int npage);
> > 
> > Hugepage usage would really make such an interface shine (ie. 2MB+
> > contiguous ranges).  A downside would be the overhead of getting the
> > group and container reference in vfio for each callback, perhaps we'd
> > need to figure out how the vendor driver could hold that reference.  
> 
> In very initial phases of proposal, I had suggested to keep pointer to
> container->iommu_data in struct mdev_device. But that was discarded.

The referencing is definitely tricky, we run into the same problem that
Alexey had in trying to do that where holding a reference to the
container doesn't actually keep the container.  The user can tear down
the container or remove groups from the container, which automatically
removes the iommu backend.

> > The current API of passing around pfn arrays, further increasing the
> > overhead of the whole ecosystem just makes me cringe though.
> >   
> 
> ...
> 
> >> +		if (ret <= 0) {
> >> +			WARN_ON(!ret);
> >> +			goto pin_unwind;
> >> +		}
> >> +
> >> +		mutex_lock(&dma->addr_space->pfn_list_lock);
> >> +
> >> +		/* search if pfn exist */
> >> +		p = vfio_find_pfn(dma->addr_space, pfn[i]);
> >> +		if (p) {
> >> +			atomic_inc(&p->ref_count);  
> > 
> > We never test whether (p->prot == prot), shouldn't we be doing
> > something in that case?  In fact, why do we allow the side-channel
> > through the .{un}pin_pages to specify page protection flags that might
> > be different than the user specified for the DMA_MAP?  If the user
> > specified read-only, the vendor driver should not be allowed to
> > override with read-write access.
> >   
> 
> If user specified protection flags for DMA_MAP could be
> prot = IOMMU_WRITE | IOMMU_READ;
> 
> But vendor driver can request to pin page to be readonly, i.e.
> IOMMU_READ. In that case, pin pages should be allowed, right?
> 
> Then the check should be if (p->prot & prot).

That doesn't solve the problem, we might have an existing pfn with
prot R and we're asking for RW, (R & RW) is true, but that's not what
we asked for.  I think the solution would be to test the vendor driver
requested prot against vfio_dma.prot, but always pin the pages using
the vfio_dma.prot flags.  Thus if the vendor driver asks for read-only
and the vfio_dma.prot is read-write, these are compatible and the page
is pinned read-write since that's the user mapping.  Otherwise you need
to save prot per page (which you already do), but you're also going to
need to handle promoting pages if we have multiple vendors asking for
different prot attributes.  Thanks,

Alex

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  2016-11-08 16:26     ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08 17:46       ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-08 19:59         ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-08 17:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 21:56:29 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> On 11/8/2016 5:15 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:45 +0530
> > Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >   
> ...
> >>  
> >> +int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)  
> > 
> > Is the expectation here that this is a generic notifier for all
> > vfio->mdev signaling?  That should probably be made clear in the mdev
> > API to avoid vendor drivers assuming their notifier callback only
> > occurs for unmaps, even if that's currently the case.
> >   
> 
> Ok. Adding comment about notifier callback in mdev_device which is part
> of next patch.
> 
> ...
> 
> >>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> >>  
> >> -	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
> >> +	/* Fail if notifier list is empty */
> >> +	if ((!iommu->external_domain) || (!iommu->notifier.head)) {
> >>  		ret = -EINVAL;
> >>  		goto pin_done;
> >>  	}
> >> @@ -867,6 +870,11 @@ unlock:
> >>  	/* Report how much was unmapped */
> >>  	unmap->size = unmapped;
> >>  
> >> +	if (unmapped && iommu->external_domain)
> >> +		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
> >> +					     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
> >> +					     unmap);  
> > 
> > This is after the fact, there's already a gap here where pages are
> > unpinned and the mdev device is still running.  
> 
> Oh, there is a bug here, now unpin_pages() take user_pfn as argument and
> find vfio_dma. If its not found, it doesn't unpin pages. We have to call
> this notifier before vfio_remove_dma(). But if we call this before
> vfio_remove_dma() there will be deadlock since iommu->lock is already
> held here and vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages() will also try to hold
> iommu->lock.
> If we want to call blocking_notifier_call_chain() before
> vfio_remove_dma(), sequence should be:
> 
> unmapped += dma->size;
> mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> if (iommu->external_domain)) {
> 	struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap nb_unmap;
> 
> 	nb_unmap.iova = dma->iova;
> 	nb_unmap.size = dma->size;
> 	blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
>         	                     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
>                 	             &nb_unmap);
> }
> mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);

It seems like it would be worthwhile to have the rb-tree rooted in the
vfio-dma, then we only need to call the notifier if there are pages
pinned within that vfio-dma (ie. the rb-tree is not empty).  We can
then release the lock call the notifier, re-acquire the lock, and
BUG_ON if the rb-tree still is not empty.  We might get duplicate pfns
between separate vfio_dma structs, but as I mentioned in other replies,
that seems like an exception that we don't need to optimize for.

> >  The notifier needs to
> > happen prior to that and I suspect that we need to validate that we
> > have no remaining external pfn references within this vfio_dma block.
> > It seems like we need to root our pfn tracking in the vfio_dma so that
> > we can see that it's empty after the notifier chain and BUG_ON if not.  
> 
> There is no way to find pfns from that iova range with current
> implementation. We can have this validate if we go with linear array of
> iova to track pfns.

Right, I was still hoping to avoid storing the pfn even with the
array/page-table approach though, ask the mm layer for the mapping
again.  Is that too much overhead?  Maybe the page table could store
the phys addr and we could use PAGE_MASK to store the reference count
so that each entry is still only 8bytes(?)
 
> > I would also add some enforcement that external pinning is only enabled
> > when vfio_iommu_type1 is configured for v2 semantics (ie. we only
> > support unmaps exactly matching previous maps).
> >   
> 
> Ok I'll add that check.
> 
> Thanks,
> Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops
  2016-11-08 16:39       ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-08 18:47         ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08 19:14           ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 18:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alex Williamson
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 10:09 PM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 19:25:35 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
...

>>>> -
>>>> +	int		(*pin_pages)(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *user_pfn,
>>>> +				     int npage, int prot,
>>>> +				     unsigned long *phys_pfn);
>>>> +	int		(*unpin_pages)(void *iommu_data,  
>>>
>>> Are we changing from long to int here simply because of the absurdity
>>> in passing in more than a 2^31 entry array, that would already consume
>>> more than 16GB itself?
>>>   
>>
>> These are on demand pin/unpin request, will that request go beyond 16GB
>> limit? For Nvidia vGPU solution, pin request will not go beyond this limit.
> 
> 16G is simply the size of the user_pfn or phys_pfn arrays at a maximal
> int32_t npage value, the interface actually allows mapping up to 8TB
> per call, but at that point we have 16GB of input, 16GB of output, and
> 80GB of vfio_pfns created.  So I don't really have a problem changing
> form long to int given lack of scalability in the API in general, but
> it does make me second guess the API itself.  Thanks,
> 

Changing to 'long', in future we might enhance this API without changing
it signature.

Thanks,
Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops
  2016-11-08 18:47         ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08 19:14           ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-08 19:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Wed, 9 Nov 2016 00:17:53 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> On 11/8/2016 10:09 PM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 19:25:35 +0530
> > Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >   
> ...
> 
> >>>> -
> >>>> +	int		(*pin_pages)(void *iommu_data, unsigned long *user_pfn,
> >>>> +				     int npage, int prot,
> >>>> +				     unsigned long *phys_pfn);
> >>>> +	int		(*unpin_pages)(void *iommu_data,    
> >>>
> >>> Are we changing from long to int here simply because of the absurdity
> >>> in passing in more than a 2^31 entry array, that would already consume
> >>> more than 16GB itself?
> >>>     
> >>
> >> These are on demand pin/unpin request, will that request go beyond 16GB
> >> limit? For Nvidia vGPU solution, pin request will not go beyond this limit.  
> > 
> > 16G is simply the size of the user_pfn or phys_pfn arrays at a maximal
> > int32_t npage value, the interface actually allows mapping up to 8TB
> > per call, but at that point we have 16GB of input, 16GB of output, and
> > 80GB of vfio_pfns created.  So I don't really have a problem changing
> > form long to int given lack of scalability in the API in general, but
> > it does make me second guess the API itself.  Thanks,
> >   
> 
> Changing to 'long', in future we might enhance this API without changing
> it signature.

I think the pfn arrays are more of a problem long term than whether we
can only map 2^31 pfns in one call.  I particularly dislike that the
caller provides both the iova and pfn arrays for unpinning.  Being an
in-kernel driver, we should trust it, but it makes the interface
difficult to use and seems like it indicates that our tracking data
structures aren't architected the way they should be.  Upstream, this
API will need to be flexible and change over time, it's only the
downstream distros that may lock in a kABI.  Not breaking them should
be a consideration, but also needs to be weighted against long term
upstream goals.  Thanks,

Alex

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  2016-11-08 17:46       ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-08 19:59         ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08 21:28           ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 19:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alex Williamson
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 11:16 PM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 21:56:29 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
>> On 11/8/2016 5:15 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
>>> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:45 +0530
>>> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
>>>   
>> ...
>>>>  
>>>> +int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)  
>>>
>>> Is the expectation here that this is a generic notifier for all
>>> vfio->mdev signaling?  That should probably be made clear in the mdev
>>> API to avoid vendor drivers assuming their notifier callback only
>>> occurs for unmaps, even if that's currently the case.
>>>   
>>
>> Ok. Adding comment about notifier callback in mdev_device which is part
>> of next patch.
>>
>> ...
>>
>>>>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>>>>  
>>>> -	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
>>>> +	/* Fail if notifier list is empty */
>>>> +	if ((!iommu->external_domain) || (!iommu->notifier.head)) {
>>>>  		ret = -EINVAL;
>>>>  		goto pin_done;
>>>>  	}
>>>> @@ -867,6 +870,11 @@ unlock:
>>>>  	/* Report how much was unmapped */
>>>>  	unmap->size = unmapped;
>>>>  
>>>> +	if (unmapped && iommu->external_domain)
>>>> +		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
>>>> +					     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
>>>> +					     unmap);  
>>>
>>> This is after the fact, there's already a gap here where pages are
>>> unpinned and the mdev device is still running.  
>>
>> Oh, there is a bug here, now unpin_pages() take user_pfn as argument and
>> find vfio_dma. If its not found, it doesn't unpin pages. We have to call
>> this notifier before vfio_remove_dma(). But if we call this before
>> vfio_remove_dma() there will be deadlock since iommu->lock is already
>> held here and vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages() will also try to hold
>> iommu->lock.
>> If we want to call blocking_notifier_call_chain() before
>> vfio_remove_dma(), sequence should be:
>>
>> unmapped += dma->size;
>> mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>> if (iommu->external_domain)) {
>> 	struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap nb_unmap;
>>
>> 	nb_unmap.iova = dma->iova;
>> 	nb_unmap.size = dma->size;
>> 	blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
>>         	                     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
>>                 	             &nb_unmap);
>> }
>> mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>> vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);
> 
> It seems like it would be worthwhile to have the rb-tree rooted in the
> vfio-dma, then we only need to call the notifier if there are pages
> pinned within that vfio-dma (ie. the rb-tree is not empty).  We can
> then release the lock call the notifier, re-acquire the lock, and
> BUG_ON if the rb-tree still is not empty.  We might get duplicate pfns
> between separate vfio_dma structs, but as I mentioned in other replies,
> that seems like an exception that we don't need to optimize for.
> 

If we don't optimize for the case where iova from different vfio_dma are
mapped to same pfn and we would not consider this case for page
accounting then:
- have rb tree of pinned iova, where key would be iova, in each vfio_dma
structure.
- iova tracking structure would have iova and ref_count only.
- page accounting would only count number of iova's in rb_tree, case
where different iova could map to same pfn would not be considered in
this implementation for now.
- vfio_unpin_pages() would have user_pfn and pfn as input, we would
validate that iova exist in rb tree and trust vendor driver that
corresponding pfn is correct, there is no validation of pfn. If want
validate pfn, call GUP, verify pfn and call put_pfn().
- In .release() or .detach_group() path, if there are entries in this rb
tree, call GUP again using that iova, get pfn and then call
put_pfn(pfn) for ref_count+1 times. This is because we are not keeping
pfn in our tracking logic.

Does this sound reasonable?

Thanks,
Kirti


>>>  The notifier needs to
>>> happen prior to that and I suspect that we need to validate that we
>>> have no remaining external pfn references within this vfio_dma block.
>>> It seems like we need to root our pfn tracking in the vfio_dma so that
>>> we can see that it's empty after the notifier chain and BUG_ON if not.  
>>
>> There is no way to find pfns from that iova range with current
>> implementation. We can have this validate if we go with linear array of
>> iova to track pfns.
> 
> Right, I was still hoping to avoid storing the pfn even with the
> array/page-table approach though, ask the mm layer for the mapping
> again.  Is that too much overhead?  Maybe the page table could store
> the phys addr and we could use PAGE_MASK to store the reference count
> so that each entry is still only 8bytes(?)
>  
>>> I would also add some enforcement that external pinning is only enabled
>>> when vfio_iommu_type1 is configured for v2 semantics (ie. we only
>>> support unmaps exactly matching previous maps).
>>>   
>>
>> Ok I'll add that check.
>>
>> Thanks,
>> Kirti
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-08  8:46   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-08 20:22     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-09  3:07       ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 20:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 2:16 PM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>> Vendor driver using mediated device framework would use same mechnism to
>> validate and prepare IRQs. Introducing this function to reduce code
>> replication in multiple drivers.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
>> Change-Id: Ie201f269dda0713ca18a07dc4852500bd8b48309
>> ---
>>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>  include/linux/vfio.h |  4 ++++
>>  2 files changed, 52 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>> index 9a03be0942a1..ed2361e4b904 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>> @@ -1858,6 +1858,54 @@ int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
>>  }
>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
>>  
>> +int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr, int num_irqs,
>> +				       int max_irq_type, size_t *data_size)
>> +{
>> +	unsigned long minsz;
>> +	size_t size;
>> +
>> +	minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
>> +
>> +	if ((hdr->argsz < minsz) || (hdr->index >= max_irq_type) ||
>> +	    (hdr->count >= (U32_MAX - hdr->start)) ||
>> +	    (hdr->flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
>> +				VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK)))
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	if (data_size)
> 
> Pointless check, the callers will pass non null pointer with value
> initialized to 0 anyway.
> 

Not always, When VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE flag is set, caller can pass
data_size = NULL.

> 
>> +		*data_size = 0;
>> +
>> +	if (hdr->start >= num_irqs || hdr->start + hdr->count > num_irqs)
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	switch (hdr->flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK) {
>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE:
>> +		size = 0;
>> +		break;
>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL:
>> +		size = sizeof(uint8_t);
>> +		break;
>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD:
>> +		size = sizeof(int32_t);
>> +		break;
>> +	default:
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	if (size) {
> 
> The whole branch would even work for size == 0.
> 

In that case below check (!data_size) might result in error if data_size
== NULL, whereas its not error case when size == 0, i.e.
VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE flag set.

>> +		if (hdr->argsz - minsz < hdr->count * size)
>> +			return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +		if (!data_size)
>> +			return -EINVAL;
> 
> Redundant check as well.
> 

This is not redundant. If you see above check, it sets its init value to
0 but doesn't fail.

>> +
>> +		*data_size = hdr->count * size;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
> 
> It does not really prepare anything as the name suggests. It looks like
> this is 2 different helpers actually:
> 
> int vfio_set_irqs_validate()
> and
> size_t vfio_set_irqs_hdr_to_data_size()
> 

Later one is the prepare.

> 
> And it would make it easier to review/bisect if 16/22 and 17/22 were merged
> into this one as this patch alone adds new code which it does not use and
> all 3 patches are fairly small.
>

I do had all 3 patch merged in one in earlier version of patchset. This
is split as per Alex's suggestion.

> 
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare);
> 
> Everything you export in this patchset is EXPORT_SYMBOL() while the
> existing code uses EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(), is this for a reason?
> 
> 

We want these symbols to be available to all drivers.

Thanks,
Kirti

>> +
>>  /*
>>   * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
>>   * domain only.
>> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
>> index cf90393a11e2..87c9afecd822 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
>> @@ -116,6 +116,10 @@ extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
>>  extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
>>  				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
>>  
>> +extern int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr,
>> +					      int num_irqs, int max_irq_type,
>> +					      size_t *data_size);
>> +
>>  struct pci_dev;
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_EEH
>>  extern void vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(struct pci_dev *pdev);
>>
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 17/22] vfio_platform: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-08  8:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-08 20:41     ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 20:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 2:22 PM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>> Updated vfio_platform_common.c file to use
>> vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
>> Change-Id: Id87cd6b78ae901610b39bf957974baa6f40cd7b0
>> ---
>>  drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c | 31 +++++++---------------------
>>  1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c b/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
>> index d78142830754..4c27f4be3c3d 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/platform/vfio_platform_common.c
>> @@ -364,36 +364,21 @@ static long vfio_platform_ioctl(void *device_data,
>>  		struct vfio_irq_set hdr;
>>  		u8 *data = NULL;
>>  		int ret = 0;
>> +		size_t data_size = 0;
>>  
>>  		minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
>>  
>>  		if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
>>  			return -EFAULT;
>>  
>> -		if (hdr.argsz < minsz)
>> -			return -EINVAL;
>> -
>> -		if (hdr.index >= vdev->num_irqs)
>> -			return -EINVAL;
>> -
>> -		if (hdr.flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
>> -				  VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK))
>> -			return -EINVAL;
>> -
>> -		if (!(hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE)) {
>> -			size_t size;
>> -
>> -			if (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL)
>> -				size = sizeof(uint8_t);
>> -			else if (hdr.flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD)
>> -				size = sizeof(int32_t);
>> -			else
>> -				return -EINVAL;
>> -
>> -			if (hdr.argsz - minsz < size)
>> -				return -EINVAL;
>> +		ret = vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(&hdr, vdev->num_irqs,
>> +						 vdev->num_irqs, &data_size);
> 
> The patch does not change this but I am still curious:
> 
> is not the second vdev->num_irqs supposed to be one of
> VFIO_PCI_INTX_IRQ_INDEX..VFIO_PCI_NUM_IRQS, not the actual number of
> interrupt vectors (as in vfio-pci)?
> 
> 

Those are PCI specific. I don't think those counts are applicable here.

If you see the prototype, second argument and third argument have
different meaning.

int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr, int
num_irqs, int max_irq_type, size_t *data_size)

- num_irqs are number of irqs caller want to setup and
- max_irq_type is the one which is return to user in
VFIO_DEVICE_GET_INFO ioctl's info.num_irqs.

For platform these two are same.

Thanks,
Kirti

> 
> 
>> +		if (ret)
>> +			return ret;
>>  
>> -			data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz), size);
>> +		if (data_size) {
>> +			data = memdup_user((void __user *)(arg + minsz),
>> +					    data_size);
>>  			if (IS_ERR(data))
>>  				return PTR_ERR(data);
>>  		}
>>
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
  2016-11-08  7:29   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-08 20:46     ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-08 21:42       ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 20:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 12:59 PM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>> Vendor driver using mediated device framework should use
>> vfio_info_add_capability() to add capabilities.
>> Introduced this function to reduce code duplication in vendor drivers.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
>> Change-Id: I6fca329fa2291f37a2c859d0bc97574d9e2ce1a6
>> ---
>>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>>  include/linux/vfio.h |  3 +++
>>  2 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>> index 4ed1a6a247c6..9a03be0942a1 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>> @@ -1797,8 +1797,66 @@ void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset)
>>  	for (tmp = caps->buf; tmp->next; tmp = (void *)tmp + tmp->next - offset)
>>  		tmp->next += offset;
>>  }
>> -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
> 
> 
> Why this change?
> 
> 

We want this symbol to be available to all drivers.


>>  
>> +static int sparse_mmap_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
>> +{
>> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
>> +	struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap *sparse_cap, *sparse = cap_type;
>> +	size_t size;
>> +
>> +	size = sizeof(*sparse) + sparse->nr_areas *  sizeof(*sparse->areas);
>> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, size,
>> +				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP, 1);
>> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
>> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
>> +
>> +	sparse_cap = container_of(header,
>> +			struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap, header);
>> +	sparse_cap->nr_areas = sparse->nr_areas;
>> +	memcpy(sparse_cap->areas, sparse->areas,
>> +	       sparse->nr_areas * sizeof(*sparse->areas));
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int region_type_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
>> +{
>> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
>> +	struct vfio_region_info_cap_type *type_cap, *cap = cap_type;
>> +
>> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, sizeof(*cap),
>> +				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE, 1);
>> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
>> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
>> +
>> +	type_cap = container_of(header, struct vfio_region_info_cap_type,
>> +				header);
>> +	type_cap->type = cap->type;
>> +	type_cap->subtype = cap->subtype;
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
>> +			     void *cap_type)
>> +{
>> +	int ret = -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	if (!cap_type)
>> +		return 0;
>> +
>> +	switch (cap_type_id) {
>> +	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP:
>> +		ret = sparse_mmap_cap(caps, cap_type);
>> +		break;
>> +
>> +	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE:
>> +		ret = region_type_cap(caps, cap_type);
>> +		break;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
>>  
>>  /*
>>   * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
>> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
>> index dcda8fccefab..cf90393a11e2 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
>> @@ -113,6 +113,9 @@ extern struct vfio_info_cap_header *vfio_info_cap_add(
>>  		struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t size, u16 id, u16 version);
>>  extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
>>  
>> +extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
>> +				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
>> +
> 
> 
> It would make it easier to review and bisect if 14/22 was squashed into
> this one. 

This was split based on Alex's suggestion on earlier version of this
patchset.

> In the resulting patch, vfio_info_cap_add() can be made static as
> it will only be used in drivers/vfio/vfio.c from now.
> 

Not sure that vfio_info_cap_add() should be made static. If there are
any other drivers using this symbol outside kernel might break with that
change.

Thanks,
Kirti

> 
> 
> 
>>  struct pci_dev;
>>  #ifdef CONFIG_EEH
>>  extern void vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(struct pci_dev *pdev);
>>
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 01/22] vfio: Mediated device Core driver
       [not found]   ` <20161108092552.GA2090@bjsdjshi@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
@ 2016-11-08 21:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-08 21:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm,
	kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/8/2016 2:55 PM, Dong Jia Shi wrote:
> * Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> [2016-11-05 02:40:35 +0530]:
> 
> Hi Kirti,
> 
> [...]
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
>> index da6e2ce77495..23eced02aaf6 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/Kconfig
>> @@ -48,4 +48,5 @@ menuconfig VFIO_NOIOMMU
>>
>>  source "drivers/vfio/pci/Kconfig"
>>  source "drivers/vfio/platform/Kconfig"
>> +source "drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig"
>>  source "virt/lib/Kconfig"
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
>> index 7b8a31f63fea..4a23c13b6be4 100644
>> --- a/drivers/vfio/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/Makefile
>> @@ -7,3 +7,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_IOMMU_SPAPR_TCE) += vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.o
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_SPAPR_EEH) += vfio_spapr_eeh.o
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PCI) += pci/
>>  obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_PLATFORM) += platform/
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev/
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..303c14ce2847
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Kconfig
>> @@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
>> +
>> +config VFIO_MDEV
>> +    tristate "Mediated device driver framework"
>> +    depends on VFIO
>> +    default n
>> +    help
>> +        Provides a framework to virtualize devices.
>> +	See Documentation/vfio-mdev/vfio-mediated-device.txt for more details.
> We don't have this doc at this point of time.
> 

Yes, but I have this doc in this patch series.

>> +
>> +        If you don't know what do here, say N.
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..31bc04801d94
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/Makefile
>> @@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
>> +
>> +mdev-y := mdev_core.o mdev_sysfs.o mdev_driver.o
>> +
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_VFIO_MDEV) += mdev.o
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..54c59f325336
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_core.c
> [...]
> 
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * mdev_device_remove_ops gets called from sysfs's 'remove' and when parent
>> + * device is being unregistered from mdev device framework.
>> + * - 'force_remove' is set to 'false' when called from sysfs's 'remove' which
>> + *   indicates that if the mdev device is active, used by VMM or userspace
>> + *   application, vendor driver could return error then don't remove the device.
>> + * - 'force_remove' is set to 'true' when called from mdev_unregister_device()
>> + *   which indicate that parent device is being removed from mdev device
>> + *   framework so remove mdev device forcefully.
>> + */
>> +static int mdev_device_remove_ops(struct mdev_device *mdev, bool force_remove)
> ?
> s/force_remove/force/
> 
>> +{
>> +	struct parent_device *parent = mdev->parent;
>> +	int ret;
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Vendor driver can return error if VMM or userspace application is
>> +	 * using this mdev device.
>> +	 */
>> +	ret = parent->ops->remove(mdev);
>> +	if (ret && !force_remove)
>> +		return -EBUSY;
>> +
>> +	sysfs_remove_groups(&mdev->dev.kobj, parent->ops->mdev_attr_groups);
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int mdev_device_remove_cb(struct device *dev, void *data)
>> +{
>> +	if (!dev_is_mdev(dev))
>> +		return 0;
>> +
>> +	return mdev_device_remove(dev, data ? *(bool *)data : true);
>> +}
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * mdev_register_device : Register a device
>> + * @dev: device structure representing parent device.
>> + * @ops: Parent device operation structure to be registered.
>> + *
>> + * Add device to list of registered parent devices.
>> + * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0.
>> + */
>> +int mdev_register_device(struct device *dev, const struct parent_ops *ops)
>> +{
>> +	int ret;
>> +	struct parent_device *parent;
>> +
>> +	/* check for mandatory ops */
>> +	if (!ops || !ops->create || !ops->remove || !ops->supported_type_groups)
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	dev = get_device(dev);
>> +	if (!dev)
>> +		return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> +	mutex_lock(&parent_list_lock);
>> +
>> +	/* Check for duplicate */
>> +	parent = __find_parent_device(dev);
>> +	if (parent) {
>> +		ret = -EEXIST;
>> +		goto add_dev_err;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	parent = kzalloc(sizeof(*parent), GFP_KERNEL);
>> +	if (!parent) {
>> +		ret = -ENOMEM;
>> +		goto add_dev_err;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	kref_init(&parent->ref);
>> +	mutex_init(&parent->lock);
>> +
>> +	parent->dev = dev;
>> +	parent->ops = ops;
>> +
>> +	if (!mdev_bus_compat_class) {
>> +		mdev_bus_compat_class = class_compat_register("mdev_bus");
>> +		if (!mdev_bus_compat_class) {
>> +			ret = -ENOMEM;
>> +			goto add_dev_err;
>> +		}
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	ret = parent_create_sysfs_files(parent);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		goto add_dev_err;
>> +
>> +	ret = class_compat_create_link(mdev_bus_compat_class, dev, NULL);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		dev_warn(dev, "Failed to create compatibility class link\n");
>> +
>> +	list_add(&parent->next, &parent_list);
>> +	mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
>> +
>> +	dev_info(dev, "MDEV: Registered\n");
>> +	return 0;
>> +
>> +add_dev_err:
>> +	mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
>> +	if (parent)
>> +		mdev_put_parent(parent);
> Why do this? I don't find the place that you call mdev_get_parent above.
> 

	kref_init(&parent->ref);
Above increments the ref_count, so mdev_put_parent() should be called if
anything fails.

>> +	else
>> +		put_device(dev);
> Shouldn't we always do this?
> 

When mdev_put_parent() is called, its release function do this. So if
mdev_put_parent() is called, we don't need this.

>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_register_device);
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * mdev_unregister_device : Unregister a parent device
>> + * @dev: device structure representing parent device.
>> + *
>> + * Remove device from list of registered parent devices. Give a chance to free
>> + * existing mediated devices for given device.
>> + */
>> +
>> +void mdev_unregister_device(struct device *dev)
>> +{
>> +	struct parent_device *parent;
>> +	bool force_remove = true;
>> +
>> +	mutex_lock(&parent_list_lock);
>> +	parent = __find_parent_device(dev);
>> +
>> +	if (!parent) {
>> +		mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
>> +		return;
>> +	}
>> +	dev_info(dev, "MDEV: Unregistering\n");
>> +
>> +	list_del(&parent->next);
>> +	class_compat_remove_link(mdev_bus_compat_class, dev, NULL);
>> +
>> +	device_for_each_child(dev, (void *)&force_remove,
>> +			      mdev_device_remove_cb);
>> +
>> +	parent_remove_sysfs_files(parent);
>> +
>> +	mutex_unlock(&parent_list_lock);
>> +	mdev_put_parent(parent);
> We also need to call put_device(dev) here since we have a get_device
> during registration, no?
> Or I must miss something...
> 

As explained above.

>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_unregister_device);
>> +
> [...]
> 
>> +static int __init mdev_init(void)
>> +{
>> +	int ret;
>> +
>> +	ret = mdev_bus_register();
>> +	if (ret) {
>> +		pr_err("Failed to register mdev bus\n");
>> +		return ret;
>> +	}
>> +
>> +	/*
>> +	 * Attempt to load known vfio_mdev.  This gives us a working environment
>> +	 * without the user needing to explicitly load vfio_mdev driver.
>> +	 */
>> +	request_module_nowait("vfio_mdev");
> We don't have this module yet.
> 

Yes, this module is added in 02/22 patch. I'll move only this call to
02/22 patch in my next update.

But ideally it should not fails anything if this vfio_mdev module is not
found.

>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void __exit mdev_exit(void)
>> +{
>> +	if (mdev_bus_compat_class)
>> +		class_compat_unregister(mdev_bus_compat_class);
>> +
>> +	mdev_bus_unregister();
>> +}
>> +
>> +module_init(mdev_init)
>> +module_exit(mdev_exit)
>> +
>> +MODULE_VERSION(DRIVER_VERSION);
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..0b3250044a80
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/mdev/mdev_driver.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
>> +/*
>> + * MDEV driver
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (c) 2016, NVIDIA CORPORATION. All rights reserved.
>> + *     Author: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
>> + *	       Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> Don't know if you care much for this:
> There is a TAB before your name. :>
> 

Oh ok, Thanks for pointing that, I'll remove TAB.
I'll also take care of all the nits you suggested below.

Thanks,
Kirti

>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
>> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>> +#include <linux/iommu.h>
>> +#include <linux/mdev.h>
>> +
>> +#include "mdev_private.h"
>> +
>> +static int mdev_attach_iommu(struct mdev_device *mdev)
>> +{
>> +	int ret;
>> +	struct iommu_group *group;
>> +
>> +	group = iommu_group_alloc();
>> +	if (IS_ERR(group))
>> +		return PTR_ERR(group);
>> +
>> +	ret = iommu_group_add_device(group, &mdev->dev);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		goto attach_fail;
>> +
>> +	dev_info(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: group_id = %d\n",
>> +				 iommu_group_id(group));
> nit: strange indentation.
> The above two lines could be safely merge into one line.
> 
>> +attach_fail:
>> +	iommu_group_put(group);
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void mdev_detach_iommu(struct mdev_device *mdev)
>> +{
>> +	iommu_group_remove_device(&mdev->dev);
>> +	dev_info(&mdev->dev, "MDEV: detaching iommu\n");
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int mdev_probe(struct device *dev)
>> +{
>> +	struct mdev_driver *drv = to_mdev_driver(dev->driver);
>> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
>> +	int ret;
>> +
>> +	ret = mdev_attach_iommu(mdev);
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		return ret;
>> +
>> +	if (drv && drv->probe)
>> +		ret = drv->probe(dev);
>> +
>> +	if (ret)
>> +		mdev_detach_iommu(mdev);
> ?
> 	if (drv && drv->probe) {
> 		ret = drv->probe(dev);
> 		if (ret)
> 			mdev_detach_iommu(mdev);
> 	}
> 
>> +
>> +	return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int mdev_remove(struct device *dev)
>> +{
>> +	struct mdev_driver *drv = to_mdev_driver(dev->driver);
>> +	struct mdev_device *mdev = to_mdev_device(dev);
>> +
>> +	if (drv && drv->remove)
>> +		drv->remove(dev);
>> +
>> +	mdev_detach_iommu(mdev);
>> +
>> +	return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +struct bus_type mdev_bus_type = {
>> +	.name		= "mdev",
>> +	.probe		= mdev_probe,
>> +	.remove		= mdev_remove,
>> +};
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mdev_bus_type);
>> +
>> +/*
> Is this a kernel-doc comment?
> It should be started with:
> /**
> 
>> + * mdev_register_driver - register a new MDEV driver
>> + * @drv: the driver to register
>> + * @owner: module owner of driver to be registered
>> + *
>> + * Returns a negative value on error, otherwise 0.
>> + */
>> +int mdev_register_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv, struct module *owner)
>> +{
>> +	/* initialize common driver fields */
>> +	drv->driver.name = drv->name;
>> +	drv->driver.bus = &mdev_bus_type;
>> +	drv->driver.owner = owner;
>> +
>> +	/* register with core */
>> +	return driver_register(&drv->driver);
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_register_driver);
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * mdev_unregister_driver - unregister MDEV driver
>> + * @drv: the driver to unregister
>> + *
> Empty line.
> 
>> + */
>> +void mdev_unregister_driver(struct mdev_driver *drv)
>> +{
>> +	driver_unregister(&drv->driver);
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(mdev_unregister_driver);
>> +
>> +int mdev_bus_register(void)
>> +{
>> +	return bus_register(&mdev_bus_type);
>> +}
>> +
>> +void mdev_bus_unregister(void)
>> +{
>> +	bus_unregister(&mdev_bus_type);
>> +}
> [...]
> 
>> diff --git a/include/linux/mdev.h b/include/linux/mdev.h
>> +/* Mediated device */
>> +struct mdev_device {
>> +	struct device		dev;
>> +	struct parent_device	*parent;
>> +	uuid_le			uuid;
>> +	void			*driver_data;
>> +
>> +	/* internal */
>> +	struct kref		ref;
>> +	struct list_head	next;
>> +	struct kobject		*type_kobj;
>> +};
>> +
>> +
> Empty line.
> 
>> +/**
>> + * struct parent_ops - Structure to be registered for each parent device to
>> + * register the device to mdev module.
>> + *
> [...]
> 
>> + * @mmap:		mmap callback
> No need a piece of description for arguments of the mmap callback?
> 
>> + * Parent device that support mediated device should be registered with mdev
>> + * module with parent_ops structure.
>> + **/
>> +
>> +struct parent_ops {
>> +	struct module   *owner;
>> +	const struct attribute_group **dev_attr_groups;
>> +	const struct attribute_group **mdev_attr_groups;
>> +	struct attribute_group **supported_type_groups;
>> +
>> +	int     (*create)(struct kobject *kobj, struct mdev_device *mdev);
>> +	int     (*remove)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
>> +	int     (*open)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
>> +	void    (*release)(struct mdev_device *mdev);
>> +	ssize_t (*read)(struct mdev_device *mdev, char __user *buf,
>> +			size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
>> +	ssize_t (*write)(struct mdev_device *mdev, const char __user *buf,
>> +			 size_t count, loff_t *ppos);
>> +	ssize_t (*ioctl)(struct mdev_device *mdev, unsigned int cmd,
>> +			 unsigned long arg);
>> +	int	(*mmap)(struct mdev_device *mdev, struct vm_area_struct *vma);
>> +};
>> +
> [...]
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  2016-11-08 19:59         ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08 21:28           ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-14  7:52             ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-08 21:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Wed, 9 Nov 2016 01:29:19 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> On 11/8/2016 11:16 PM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 21:56:29 +0530
> > Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >   
> >> On 11/8/2016 5:15 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:  
> >>> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:45 +0530
> >>> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >>>     
> >> ...  
> >>>>  
> >>>> +int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)    
> >>>
> >>> Is the expectation here that this is a generic notifier for all
> >>> vfio->mdev signaling?  That should probably be made clear in the mdev
> >>> API to avoid vendor drivers assuming their notifier callback only
> >>> occurs for unmaps, even if that's currently the case.
> >>>     
> >>
> >> Ok. Adding comment about notifier callback in mdev_device which is part
> >> of next patch.
> >>
> >> ...
> >>  
> >>>>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> >>>>  
> >>>> -	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
> >>>> +	/* Fail if notifier list is empty */
> >>>> +	if ((!iommu->external_domain) || (!iommu->notifier.head)) {
> >>>>  		ret = -EINVAL;
> >>>>  		goto pin_done;
> >>>>  	}
> >>>> @@ -867,6 +870,11 @@ unlock:
> >>>>  	/* Report how much was unmapped */
> >>>>  	unmap->size = unmapped;
> >>>>  
> >>>> +	if (unmapped && iommu->external_domain)
> >>>> +		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
> >>>> +					     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
> >>>> +					     unmap);    
> >>>
> >>> This is after the fact, there's already a gap here where pages are
> >>> unpinned and the mdev device is still running.    
> >>
> >> Oh, there is a bug here, now unpin_pages() take user_pfn as argument and
> >> find vfio_dma. If its not found, it doesn't unpin pages. We have to call
> >> this notifier before vfio_remove_dma(). But if we call this before
> >> vfio_remove_dma() there will be deadlock since iommu->lock is already
> >> held here and vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages() will also try to hold
> >> iommu->lock.
> >> If we want to call blocking_notifier_call_chain() before
> >> vfio_remove_dma(), sequence should be:
> >>
> >> unmapped += dma->size;
> >> mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> >> if (iommu->external_domain)) {
> >> 	struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap nb_unmap;
> >>
> >> 	nb_unmap.iova = dma->iova;
> >> 	nb_unmap.size = dma->size;
> >> 	blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
> >>         	                     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
> >>                 	             &nb_unmap);
> >> }
> >> mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> >> vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);  
> > 
> > It seems like it would be worthwhile to have the rb-tree rooted in the
> > vfio-dma, then we only need to call the notifier if there are pages
> > pinned within that vfio-dma (ie. the rb-tree is not empty).  We can
> > then release the lock call the notifier, re-acquire the lock, and
> > BUG_ON if the rb-tree still is not empty.  We might get duplicate pfns
> > between separate vfio_dma structs, but as I mentioned in other replies,
> > that seems like an exception that we don't need to optimize for.
> >   
> 
> If we don't optimize for the case where iova from different vfio_dma are
> mapped to same pfn and we would not consider this case for page
> accounting then:

Just to clarify, the current code (not handling mdevs) will pin and do
page accounting per iova, regardless of whether the iova translates to a
unique pfn.  As long as we do no worse than that, I'm ok.

> - have rb tree of pinned iova, where key would be iova, in each vfio_dma
> structure.
> - iova tracking structure would have iova and ref_count only.
> - page accounting would only count number of iova's in rb_tree, case
> where different iova could map to same pfn would not be considered in
> this implementation for now.
> - vfio_unpin_pages() would have user_pfn and pfn as input, we would
> validate that iova exist in rb tree and trust vendor driver that
> corresponding pfn is correct, there is no validation of pfn. If want
> validate pfn, call GUP, verify pfn and call put_pfn().
> - In .release() or .detach_group() path, if there are entries in this rb
> tree, call GUP again using that iova, get pfn and then call
> put_pfn(pfn) for ref_count+1 times. This is because we are not keeping
> pfn in our tracking logic.

Wait a sec, if we detach a group from the container and it's not the
last group in the container (which would trigger a release), we can't
assume anything about which vfio_dma entries were associated with that
device.  The vendor driver, through the release of the device(s) within
that group, needs to unpin.  In a container release, we need to send a
notifier to the vendor driver(s) to cause an unpin.  This is the only
mechanism we have to ensure that vendor drivers are not leaking
references.  If during the release, after the notifier, if any
vfio_pfns remain, we need to BUG_ON, just like we need to do for any
other DMA_UNMAP.

Also, I'll say it again, I also don't like this API of passing around
potentially giant arrays, and especially the API of relying on the
vendor driver to tell us an arbitrary pfn to unpin.  If we make the
assumption that vendor drivers do not pin lots and lots of memory,
perhaps we could use a struct vfio_pfn as:

struct vfio_pfn {
        struct rb_node          node;
	dma_addr_t		iova; /* key */
        unsigned long           pfn;
        atomic_t                ref_count;
};

This puts us at 44-bytes per pfn, which isn't great, but I think it
puts us in a better position with the API that we could make use of a
page-table or sparse array in the future that would eliminate the
rb_node and make the iova implicit in the location of the data
structure.  That would leave only the pfn and ref_count, which could
potentially be combined into a single 8-byte field if we had per
vfio_dma (or higher) locking to avoid the atomic_t (and we're happy that
the reference count is always less than PAGE_SIZE, ie. we could fail
pinning if we get to that point).

That would allow for the unpin call to not provide the pfn, so could we
then look at whether we need the batching provided by the iova array at
all?  I don't have a feel for the size of memory that gets pinned by
the vendor driver, the frequency of pinning, or whether usage of
hugepages for the guest is likely to translate into contiguous memory
requests through this API.  What's your feeling?  Thanks,

Alex

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
  2016-11-08 20:46     ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-08 21:42       ` Alex Williamson
  2016-11-09  2:23         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-08 21:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: Alexey Kardashevskiy, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm,
	kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Wed, 9 Nov 2016 02:16:17 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> On 11/8/2016 12:59 PM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> > On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:  
> >> Vendor driver using mediated device framework should use
> >> vfio_info_add_capability() to add capabilities.
> >> Introduced this function to reduce code duplication in vendor drivers.
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> >> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> >> Change-Id: I6fca329fa2291f37a2c859d0bc97574d9e2ce1a6
> >> ---
> >>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> >>  include/linux/vfio.h |  3 +++
> >>  2 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> >> index 4ed1a6a247c6..9a03be0942a1 100644
> >> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> >> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> >> @@ -1797,8 +1797,66 @@ void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset)
> >>  	for (tmp = caps->buf; tmp->next; tmp = (void *)tmp + tmp->next - offset)
> >>  		tmp->next += offset;
> >>  }
> >> -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
> >> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_cap_shift);  
> > 
> > 
> > Why this change?
> > 
> >   
> 
> We want this symbol to be available to all drivers.

IOW, from proprietary drivers.  It makes me uncomfortable how many
non-GPL symbols we're adding (or converting) in this effort, but I'm
trying to look objectively at every export as to whether a non-GPL
caller of the function is legitimately separate from in-kernel code.
For instance are they making use of data structures intrinsic to GPL'd
code.  In this case we're converting a symbol that's just manipulating
a data buffer to add an offset to each element in a chain.  The entries
are documented in a uapi header.  Kirti asked me about this one, and I
couldn't find any basis to raise an objection.  If you spot any reason
that any of the export symbols in these series really should be GPL,
please raise the issue.

> >>  
> >> +static int sparse_mmap_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
> >> +	struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap *sparse_cap, *sparse = cap_type;
> >> +	size_t size;
> >> +
> >> +	size = sizeof(*sparse) + sparse->nr_areas *  sizeof(*sparse->areas);
> >> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, size,
> >> +				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP, 1);
> >> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
> >> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
> >> +
> >> +	sparse_cap = container_of(header,
> >> +			struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap, header);
> >> +	sparse_cap->nr_areas = sparse->nr_areas;
> >> +	memcpy(sparse_cap->areas, sparse->areas,
> >> +	       sparse->nr_areas * sizeof(*sparse->areas));
> >> +	return 0;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +static int region_type_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
> >> +{
> >> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
> >> +	struct vfio_region_info_cap_type *type_cap, *cap = cap_type;
> >> +
> >> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, sizeof(*cap),
> >> +				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE, 1);
> >> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
> >> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
> >> +
> >> +	type_cap = container_of(header, struct vfio_region_info_cap_type,
> >> +				header);
> >> +	type_cap->type = cap->type;
> >> +	type_cap->subtype = cap->subtype;
> >> +	return 0;
> >> +}
> >> +
> >> +int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
> >> +			     void *cap_type)
> >> +{
> >> +	int ret = -EINVAL;
> >> +
> >> +	if (!cap_type)
> >> +		return 0;
> >> +
> >> +	switch (cap_type_id) {
> >> +	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP:
> >> +		ret = sparse_mmap_cap(caps, cap_type);
> >> +		break;
> >> +
> >> +	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE:
> >> +		ret = region_type_cap(caps, cap_type);
> >> +		break;
> >> +	}
> >> +
> >> +	return ret;
> >> +}
> >> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
> >>  
> >>  /*
> >>   * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
> >> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> >> index dcda8fccefab..cf90393a11e2 100644
> >> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> >> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> >> @@ -113,6 +113,9 @@ extern struct vfio_info_cap_header *vfio_info_cap_add(
> >>  		struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t size, u16 id, u16 version);
> >>  extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
> >>  
> >> +extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
> >> +				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
> >> +  
> > 
> > 
> > It would make it easier to review and bisect if 14/22 was squashed into
> > this one.   
> 
> This was split based on Alex's suggestion on earlier version of this
> patchset.

Yeah, generally squashing patches together is the opposite of what we
want for review and bisect.  In this case the symbol exports should
avoid any defined-but-unused warnings.  Thanks,

Alex

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities
  2016-11-08 21:42       ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-09  2:23         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-09  2:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: Alex Williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm,
	kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 09/11/16 08:42, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Wed, 9 Nov 2016 02:16:17 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
>> On 11/8/2016 12:59 PM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:  
>>>> Vendor driver using mediated device framework should use
>>>> vfio_info_add_capability() to add capabilities.
>>>> Introduced this function to reduce code duplication in vendor drivers.
>>>>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
>>>> Change-Id: I6fca329fa2291f37a2c859d0bc97574d9e2ce1a6
>>>> ---
>>>>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 60 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>>>>  include/linux/vfio.h |  3 +++
>>>>  2 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>>>> index 4ed1a6a247c6..9a03be0942a1 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>>>> @@ -1797,8 +1797,66 @@ void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset)
>>>>  	for (tmp = caps->buf; tmp->next; tmp = (void *)tmp + tmp->next - offset)
>>>>  		tmp->next += offset;
>>>>  }
>>>> -EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_info_cap_shift);
>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_cap_shift);  
>>>
>>>
>>> Why this change?
>>>
>>>   
>>
>> We want this symbol to be available to all drivers.
> 
> IOW, from proprietary drivers.  It makes me uncomfortable how many
> non-GPL symbols we're adding (or converting) in this effort, but I'm
> trying to look objectively at every export as to whether a non-GPL
> caller of the function is legitimately separate from in-kernel code.
> For instance are they making use of data structures intrinsic to GPL'd
> code.  In this case we're converting a symbol that's just manipulating
> a data buffer to add an offset to each element in a chain.  The entries
> are documented in a uapi header.  Kirti asked me about this one, and I
> couldn't find any basis to raise an objection.  If you spot any reason
> that any of the export symbols in these series really should be GPL,
> please raise the issue.
> 
>>>>  
>>>> +static int sparse_mmap_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
>>>> +	struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap *sparse_cap, *sparse = cap_type;
>>>> +	size_t size;
>>>> +
>>>> +	size = sizeof(*sparse) + sparse->nr_areas *  sizeof(*sparse->areas);
>>>> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, size,
>>>> +				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP, 1);
>>>> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
>>>> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
>>>> +
>>>> +	sparse_cap = container_of(header,
>>>> +			struct vfio_region_info_cap_sparse_mmap, header);
>>>> +	sparse_cap->nr_areas = sparse->nr_areas;
>>>> +	memcpy(sparse_cap->areas, sparse->areas,
>>>> +	       sparse->nr_areas * sizeof(*sparse->areas));
>>>> +	return 0;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +static int region_type_cap(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, void *cap_type)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	struct vfio_info_cap_header *header;
>>>> +	struct vfio_region_info_cap_type *type_cap, *cap = cap_type;
>>>> +
>>>> +	header = vfio_info_cap_add(caps, sizeof(*cap),
>>>> +				   VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE, 1);
>>>> +	if (IS_ERR(header))
>>>> +		return PTR_ERR(header);
>>>> +
>>>> +	type_cap = container_of(header, struct vfio_region_info_cap_type,
>>>> +				header);
>>>> +	type_cap->type = cap->type;
>>>> +	type_cap->subtype = cap->subtype;
>>>> +	return 0;
>>>> +}
>>>> +
>>>> +int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
>>>> +			     void *cap_type)
>>>> +{
>>>> +	int ret = -EINVAL;
>>>> +
>>>> +	if (!cap_type)
>>>> +		return 0;
>>>> +
>>>> +	switch (cap_type_id) {
>>>> +	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_SPARSE_MMAP:
>>>> +		ret = sparse_mmap_cap(caps, cap_type);
>>>> +		break;
>>>> +
>>>> +	case VFIO_REGION_INFO_CAP_TYPE:
>>>> +		ret = region_type_cap(caps, cap_type);
>>>> +		break;
>>>> +	}
>>>> +
>>>> +	return ret;
>>>> +}
>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
>>>>  
>>>>  /*
>>>>   * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
>>>> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
>>>> index dcda8fccefab..cf90393a11e2 100644
>>>> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
>>>> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
>>>> @@ -113,6 +113,9 @@ extern struct vfio_info_cap_header *vfio_info_cap_add(
>>>>  		struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t size, u16 id, u16 version);
>>>>  extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
>>>>  
>>>> +extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
>>>> +				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
>>>> +  
>>>
>>>
>>> It would make it easier to review and bisect if 14/22 was squashed into
>>> this one.   
>>
>> This was split based on Alex's suggestion on earlier version of this
>> patchset.


This could have been mentioned in changelog...

> 
> Yeah, generally squashing patches together is the opposite of what we
> want for review and bisect. 


13/22 adds a helper which is not used in it so if there is an error, it
won't be caught by bisecting, bisect will incorrectly point to 14/22.

Also, since the new helper in 13/22 is made from chunks removed in 14/22,
I'd like to see both changes in one patch to make sure that nothing was
lost during cut-n-paste. Especially when it is not just 2 patches, like 3
patches later in the series.

imho splitting like this only makes sense (or, rather, just make life
easier) when patches go via different maintainers trees.

However, since Alex is happy, you can ignore me.


> In this case the symbol exports should
> avoid any defined-but-unused warnings.  Thanks,
> 
> Alex
> 


-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-08 20:22     ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-09  3:07       ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-09  3:35         ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-09  3:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 09/11/16 07:22, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> 
> 
> On 11/8/2016 2:16 PM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>> Vendor driver using mediated device framework would use same mechnism to
>>> validate and prepare IRQs. Introducing this function to reduce code
>>> replication in multiple drivers.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
>>> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
>>> Change-Id: Ie201f269dda0713ca18a07dc4852500bd8b48309
>>> ---
>>>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>>  include/linux/vfio.h |  4 ++++
>>>  2 files changed, 52 insertions(+)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>>> index 9a03be0942a1..ed2361e4b904 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
>>> @@ -1858,6 +1858,54 @@ int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
>>>  }
>>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
>>>  
>>> +int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr, int num_irqs,
>>> +				       int max_irq_type, size_t *data_size)
>>> +{
>>> +	unsigned long minsz;
>>> +	size_t size;
>>> +
>>> +	minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
>>> +
>>> +	if ((hdr->argsz < minsz) || (hdr->index >= max_irq_type) ||
>>> +	    (hdr->count >= (U32_MAX - hdr->start)) ||
>>> +	    (hdr->flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
>>> +				VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK)))
>>> +		return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> +	if (data_size)
>>
>> Pointless check, the callers will pass non null pointer with value
>> initialized to 0 anyway.
>>
> 
> Not always, When VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE flag is set, caller can pass
> data_size = NULL.


Today data_size is not NULL in all cases and the way it is used now (ioctl
VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS) gives me an idea that this is not going to change.

> 
>>
>>> +		*data_size = 0;
>>> +
>>> +	if (hdr->start >= num_irqs || hdr->start + hdr->count > num_irqs)
>>> +		return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> +	switch (hdr->flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK) {
>>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE:
>>> +		size = 0;
>>> +		break;
>>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL:
>>> +		size = sizeof(uint8_t);
>>> +		break;
>>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD:
>>> +		size = sizeof(int32_t);
>>> +		break;
>>> +	default:
>>> +		return -EINVAL;
>>> +	}
>>> +
>>> +	if (size) {
>>
>> The whole branch would even work for size == 0.
>>
> 
> In that case below check (!data_size) might result in error if data_size
> == NULL, whereas its not error case when size == 0, i.e.
> VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE flag set.
> 
>>> +		if (hdr->argsz - minsz < hdr->count * size)
>>> +			return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> +		if (!data_size)
>>> +			return -EINVAL;
>>
>> Redundant check as well.
>>
> 
> This is not redundant. If you see above check, it sets its init value to
> 0 but doesn't fail.
> 
>>> +
>>> +		*data_size = hdr->count * size;
>>> +	}
>>> +
>>> +	return 0;
>>> +}
>>
>> It does not really prepare anything as the name suggests. It looks like
>> this is 2 different helpers actually:
>>
>> int vfio_set_irqs_validate()
>> and
>> size_t vfio_set_irqs_hdr_to_data_size()
>>
> 
> Later one is the prepare.


Does not like it prepares anything, just a simple converter.


>> And it would make it easier to review/bisect if 16/22 and 17/22 were merged
>> into this one as this patch alone adds new code which it does not use and
>> all 3 patches are fairly small.
>>
> 
> I do had all 3 patch merged in one in earlier version of patchset. This
> is split as per Alex's suggestion.

I got this from another mail from Alex. Which I find strange but whatever,
this is his realm anyway :)


> 
>>
>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare);
>>
>> Everything you export in this patchset is EXPORT_SYMBOL() while the
>> existing code uses EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(), is this for a reason?
>>
>>
> 
> We want these symbols to be available to all drivers.


Right, got it from another mail from Alex as well. Ok, seems all right so
far. A note in the commit log would be useful though.



> 
> Thanks,
> Kirti
> 
>>> +
>>>  /*
>>>   * Pin a set of guest PFNs and return their associated host PFNs for local
>>>   * domain only.
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
>>> index cf90393a11e2..87c9afecd822 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
>>> @@ -116,6 +116,10 @@ extern void vfio_info_cap_shift(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, size_t offset);
>>>  extern int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps,
>>>  				    int cap_type_id, void *cap_type);
>>>  
>>> +extern int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr,
>>> +					      int num_irqs, int max_irq_type,
>>> +					      size_t *data_size);
>>> +
>>>  struct pci_dev;
>>>  #ifdef CONFIG_EEH
>>>  extern void vfio_spapr_pci_eeh_open(struct pci_dev *pdev);
>>>
>>
>>


-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare()
  2016-11-09  3:07       ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-09  3:35         ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-09  3:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy
  Cc: Kirti Wankhede, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm,
	kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Wed, 9 Nov 2016 14:07:58 +1100
Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik@ozlabs.ru> wrote:
> On 09/11/16 07:22, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> > On 11/8/2016 2:16 PM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:  
> >> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:  
> >>> Vendor driver using mediated device framework would use same mechnism to
> >>> validate and prepare IRQs. Introducing this function to reduce code
> >>> replication in multiple drivers.
> >>>
> >>> Signed-off-by: Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com>
> >>> Signed-off-by: Neo Jia <cjia@nvidia.com>
> >>> Change-Id: Ie201f269dda0713ca18a07dc4852500bd8b48309
> >>> ---
> >>>  drivers/vfio/vfio.c  | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >>>  include/linux/vfio.h |  4 ++++
> >>>  2 files changed, 52 insertions(+)
> >>>
> >>> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> >>> index 9a03be0942a1..ed2361e4b904 100644
> >>> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> >>> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio.c
> >>> @@ -1858,6 +1858,54 @@ int vfio_info_add_capability(struct vfio_info_cap *caps, int cap_type_id,
> >>>  }
> >>>  EXPORT_SYMBOL(vfio_info_add_capability);
> >>>  
> >>> +int vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare(struct vfio_irq_set *hdr, int num_irqs,
> >>> +				       int max_irq_type, size_t *data_size)
> >>> +{
> >>> +	unsigned long minsz;
> >>> +	size_t size;
> >>> +
> >>> +	minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_irq_set, count);
> >>> +
> >>> +	if ((hdr->argsz < minsz) || (hdr->index >= max_irq_type) ||
> >>> +	    (hdr->count >= (U32_MAX - hdr->start)) ||
> >>> +	    (hdr->flags & ~(VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK |
> >>> +				VFIO_IRQ_SET_ACTION_TYPE_MASK)))
> >>> +		return -EINVAL;
> >>> +
> >>> +	if (data_size)  
> >>
> >> Pointless check, the callers will pass non null pointer with value
> >> initialized to 0 anyway.
> >>  
> > 
> > Not always, When VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE flag is set, caller can pass
> > data_size = NULL.  
> 
> 
> Today data_size is not NULL in all cases and the way it is used now (ioctl
> VFIO_DEVICE_SET_IRQS) gives me an idea that this is not going to change.
> 
> >   
> >>  
> >>> +		*data_size = 0;
> >>> +
> >>> +	if (hdr->start >= num_irqs || hdr->start + hdr->count > num_irqs)
> >>> +		return -EINVAL;
> >>> +
> >>> +	switch (hdr->flags & VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_TYPE_MASK) {
> >>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE:
> >>> +		size = 0;
> >>> +		break;
> >>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_BOOL:
> >>> +		size = sizeof(uint8_t);
> >>> +		break;
> >>> +	case VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_EVENTFD:
> >>> +		size = sizeof(int32_t);
> >>> +		break;
> >>> +	default:
> >>> +		return -EINVAL;
> >>> +	}
> >>> +
> >>> +	if (size) {  
> >>
> >> The whole branch would even work for size == 0.
> >>  
> > 
> > In that case below check (!data_size) might result in error if data_size
> > == NULL, whereas its not error case when size == 0, i.e.
> > VFIO_IRQ_SET_DATA_NONE flag set.
> >   
> >>> +		if (hdr->argsz - minsz < hdr->count * size)
> >>> +			return -EINVAL;
> >>> +
> >>> +		if (!data_size)
> >>> +			return -EINVAL;  
> >>
> >> Redundant check as well.
> >>  
> > 
> > This is not redundant. If you see above check, it sets its init value to
> > 0 but doesn't fail.
> >   
> >>> +
> >>> +		*data_size = hdr->count * size;
> >>> +	}
> >>> +
> >>> +	return 0;
> >>> +}  
> >>
> >> It does not really prepare anything as the name suggests. It looks like
> >> this is 2 different helpers actually:
> >>
> >> int vfio_set_irqs_validate()
> >> and
> >> size_t vfio_set_irqs_hdr_to_data_size()
> >>  
> > 
> > Later one is the prepare.  
> 
> 
> Does not like it prepares anything, just a simple converter.
> 
> 
> >> And it would make it easier to review/bisect if 16/22 and 17/22 were merged
> >> into this one as this patch alone adds new code which it does not use and
> >> all 3 patches are fairly small.
> >>  
> > 
> > I do had all 3 patch merged in one in earlier version of patchset. This
> > is split as per Alex's suggestion.  
> 
> I got this from another mail from Alex. Which I find strange but whatever,
> this is his realm anyway :)

Maybe you haven't noticed, but your patch series are often difficult to
deal with, they almost always split across functional areas and
maintainers.  Splitting out code to common functions and _then_
updating the callers to make use of it is a common way to deal with
that.  We're in the same functional area here, but it's still
good practice.  Thanks,

Alex

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  2016-11-08 21:28           ` Alex Williamson
@ 2016-11-14  7:52             ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-14 15:37               ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-14  7:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alex Williamson
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/9/2016 2:58 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> On Wed, 9 Nov 2016 01:29:19 +0530
> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> 
>> On 11/8/2016 11:16 PM, Alex Williamson wrote:
>>> On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 21:56:29 +0530
>>> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
>>>   
>>>> On 11/8/2016 5:15 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:  
>>>>> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:45 +0530
>>>>> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
>>>>>     
>>>> ...  
>>>>>>  
>>>>>> +int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)    
>>>>>
>>>>> Is the expectation here that this is a generic notifier for all
>>>>> vfio->mdev signaling?  That should probably be made clear in the mdev
>>>>> API to avoid vendor drivers assuming their notifier callback only
>>>>> occurs for unmaps, even if that's currently the case.
>>>>>     
>>>>
>>>> Ok. Adding comment about notifier callback in mdev_device which is part
>>>> of next patch.
>>>>
>>>> ...
>>>>  
>>>>>>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>>>>>>  
>>>>>> -	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
>>>>>> +	/* Fail if notifier list is empty */
>>>>>> +	if ((!iommu->external_domain) || (!iommu->notifier.head)) {
>>>>>>  		ret = -EINVAL;
>>>>>>  		goto pin_done;
>>>>>>  	}
>>>>>> @@ -867,6 +870,11 @@ unlock:
>>>>>>  	/* Report how much was unmapped */
>>>>>>  	unmap->size = unmapped;
>>>>>>  
>>>>>> +	if (unmapped && iommu->external_domain)
>>>>>> +		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
>>>>>> +					     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
>>>>>> +					     unmap);    
>>>>>
>>>>> This is after the fact, there's already a gap here where pages are
>>>>> unpinned and the mdev device is still running.    
>>>>
>>>> Oh, there is a bug here, now unpin_pages() take user_pfn as argument and
>>>> find vfio_dma. If its not found, it doesn't unpin pages. We have to call
>>>> this notifier before vfio_remove_dma(). But if we call this before
>>>> vfio_remove_dma() there will be deadlock since iommu->lock is already
>>>> held here and vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages() will also try to hold
>>>> iommu->lock.
>>>> If we want to call blocking_notifier_call_chain() before
>>>> vfio_remove_dma(), sequence should be:
>>>>
>>>> unmapped += dma->size;
>>>> mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
>>>> if (iommu->external_domain)) {
>>>> 	struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap nb_unmap;
>>>>
>>>> 	nb_unmap.iova = dma->iova;
>>>> 	nb_unmap.size = dma->size;
>>>> 	blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
>>>>         	                     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
>>>>                 	             &nb_unmap);
>>>> }
>>>> mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
>>>> vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);  
>>>
>>> It seems like it would be worthwhile to have the rb-tree rooted in the
>>> vfio-dma, then we only need to call the notifier if there are pages
>>> pinned within that vfio-dma (ie. the rb-tree is not empty).  We can
>>> then release the lock call the notifier, re-acquire the lock, and
>>> BUG_ON if the rb-tree still is not empty.  We might get duplicate pfns
>>> between separate vfio_dma structs, but as I mentioned in other replies,
>>> that seems like an exception that we don't need to optimize for.
>>>   
>>
>> If we don't optimize for the case where iova from different vfio_dma are
>> mapped to same pfn and we would not consider this case for page
>> accounting then:
> 
> Just to clarify, the current code (not handling mdevs) will pin and do
> page accounting per iova, regardless of whether the iova translates to a
> unique pfn.  As long as we do no worse than that, I'm ok.
> 
>> - have rb tree of pinned iova, where key would be iova, in each vfio_dma
>> structure.
>> - iova tracking structure would have iova and ref_count only.
>> - page accounting would only count number of iova's in rb_tree, case
>> where different iova could map to same pfn would not be considered in
>> this implementation for now.
>> - vfio_unpin_pages() would have user_pfn and pfn as input, we would
>> validate that iova exist in rb tree and trust vendor driver that
>> corresponding pfn is correct, there is no validation of pfn. If want
>> validate pfn, call GUP, verify pfn and call put_pfn().
>> - In .release() or .detach_group() path, if there are entries in this rb
>> tree, call GUP again using that iova, get pfn and then call
>> put_pfn(pfn) for ref_count+1 times. This is because we are not keeping
>> pfn in our tracking logic.
> 
> Wait a sec, if we detach a group from the container and it's not the
> last group in the container (which would trigger a release), we can't
> assume anything about which vfio_dma entries were associated with that
> device.  The vendor driver, through the release of the device(s) within
> that group, needs to unpin.  In a container release, we need to send a
> notifier to the vendor driver(s) to cause an unpin.  This is the only
> mechanism we have to ensure that vendor drivers are not leaking
> references.  If during the release, after the notifier, if any
> vfio_pfns remain, we need to BUG_ON, just like we need to do for any
> other DMA_UNMAP.
> 
> Also, I'll say it again, I also don't like this API of passing around
> potentially giant arrays, and especially the API of relying on the
> vendor driver to tell us an arbitrary pfn to unpin.  If we make the
> assumption that vendor drivers do not pin lots and lots of memory,
> perhaps we could use a struct vfio_pfn as:
> 
> struct vfio_pfn {
>         struct rb_node          node;
> 	dma_addr_t		iova; /* key */
>         unsigned long           pfn;
>         atomic_t                ref_count;
> };
> 
> This puts us at 44-bytes per pfn, which isn't great, but I think it
> puts us in a better position with the API that we could make use of a
> page-table or sparse array in the future that would eliminate the
> rb_node and make the iova implicit in the location of the data
> structure.  That would leave only the pfn and ref_count, which could
> potentially be combined into a single 8-byte field if we had per
> vfio_dma (or higher) locking to avoid the atomic_t (and we're happy that
> the reference count is always less than PAGE_SIZE, ie. we could fail
> pinning if we get to that point).
> 

Ok.
- I'll have above structure to track pinned pfn for now and a rb-tree in
vfio_dma structure that would keep track of pages pinned in that range,
dma->iova to dma->iova + dma->size.
- Key for pfn_list rb-tree would be iova, instead of pfn.
- Removing address space structure. vfio_dma keeps task structure, which
would be used to get mm structure (using get_task_mm(task) and
mmput(mm)) for pin/unpin and page accounting.
- vfio_unpin_pages() would have array of user_pfns as input argument,
instead of array of pfns.
- On vfio_pin_pages(), pinning would happen once. On later call to
vfio_pin_pages() with same user_pfn, if iova is found in pfn_list, only
ref_count would be incremented.
- In vfio_unpin_pages(), ref_count is decremented and page will be
unpinned when ref_count is 0.
- For vfio_pin_pages() and vfio_unpin_pages() input array, number of
elements in array should be less that PAGE_SIZE. If vendor driver wants
to use for more pages, array should  be split it in chunks of PAGE_SIZE.
- Updating page accounting logic with above changes.

Thanks,
Kirti

> That would allow for the unpin call to not provide the pfn, so could we
> then look at whether we need the batching provided by the iova array at
> all?  I don't have a feel for the size of memory that gets pinned by
> the vendor driver, the frequency of pinning, or whether usage of
> hugepages for the guest is likely to translate into contiguous memory
> requests through this API.  What's your feeling?  Thanks,
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP
  2016-11-14  7:52             ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-14 15:37               ` Alex Williamson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alex Williamson @ 2016-11-14 15:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede
  Cc: pbonzini, kraxel, cjia, qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song,
	bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On Mon, 14 Nov 2016 13:22:08 +0530
Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:

> On 11/9/2016 2:58 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:
> > On Wed, 9 Nov 2016 01:29:19 +0530
> > Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >   
> >> On 11/8/2016 11:16 PM, Alex Williamson wrote:  
> >>> On Tue, 8 Nov 2016 21:56:29 +0530
> >>> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >>>     
> >>>> On 11/8/2016 5:15 AM, Alex Williamson wrote:    
> >>>>> On Sat, 5 Nov 2016 02:40:45 +0530
> >>>>> Kirti Wankhede <kwankhede@nvidia.com> wrote:
> >>>>>       
> >>>> ...    
> >>>>>>  
> >>>>>> +int vfio_register_notifier(struct device *dev, struct notifier_block *nb)      
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Is the expectation here that this is a generic notifier for all
> >>>>> vfio->mdev signaling?  That should probably be made clear in the mdev
> >>>>> API to avoid vendor drivers assuming their notifier callback only
> >>>>> occurs for unmaps, even if that's currently the case.
> >>>>>       
> >>>>
> >>>> Ok. Adding comment about notifier callback in mdev_device which is part
> >>>> of next patch.
> >>>>
> >>>> ...
> >>>>    
> >>>>>>  	mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> >>>>>>  
> >>>>>> -	if (!iommu->external_domain) {
> >>>>>> +	/* Fail if notifier list is empty */
> >>>>>> +	if ((!iommu->external_domain) || (!iommu->notifier.head)) {
> >>>>>>  		ret = -EINVAL;
> >>>>>>  		goto pin_done;
> >>>>>>  	}
> >>>>>> @@ -867,6 +870,11 @@ unlock:
> >>>>>>  	/* Report how much was unmapped */
> >>>>>>  	unmap->size = unmapped;
> >>>>>>  
> >>>>>> +	if (unmapped && iommu->external_domain)
> >>>>>> +		blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
> >>>>>> +					     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
> >>>>>> +					     unmap);      
> >>>>>
> >>>>> This is after the fact, there's already a gap here where pages are
> >>>>> unpinned and the mdev device is still running.      
> >>>>
> >>>> Oh, there is a bug here, now unpin_pages() take user_pfn as argument and
> >>>> find vfio_dma. If its not found, it doesn't unpin pages. We have to call
> >>>> this notifier before vfio_remove_dma(). But if we call this before
> >>>> vfio_remove_dma() there will be deadlock since iommu->lock is already
> >>>> held here and vfio_iommu_type1_unpin_pages() will also try to hold
> >>>> iommu->lock.
> >>>> If we want to call blocking_notifier_call_chain() before
> >>>> vfio_remove_dma(), sequence should be:
> >>>>
> >>>> unmapped += dma->size;
> >>>> mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> >>>> if (iommu->external_domain)) {
> >>>> 	struct vfio_iommu_type1_dma_unmap nb_unmap;
> >>>>
> >>>> 	nb_unmap.iova = dma->iova;
> >>>> 	nb_unmap.size = dma->size;
> >>>> 	blocking_notifier_call_chain(&iommu->notifier,
> >>>>         	                     VFIO_IOMMU_NOTIFY_DMA_UNMAP,
> >>>>                 	             &nb_unmap);
> >>>> }
> >>>> mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> >>>> vfio_remove_dma(iommu, dma);    
> >>>
> >>> It seems like it would be worthwhile to have the rb-tree rooted in the
> >>> vfio-dma, then we only need to call the notifier if there are pages
> >>> pinned within that vfio-dma (ie. the rb-tree is not empty).  We can
> >>> then release the lock call the notifier, re-acquire the lock, and
> >>> BUG_ON if the rb-tree still is not empty.  We might get duplicate pfns
> >>> between separate vfio_dma structs, but as I mentioned in other replies,
> >>> that seems like an exception that we don't need to optimize for.
> >>>     
> >>
> >> If we don't optimize for the case where iova from different vfio_dma are
> >> mapped to same pfn and we would not consider this case for page
> >> accounting then:  
> > 
> > Just to clarify, the current code (not handling mdevs) will pin and do
> > page accounting per iova, regardless of whether the iova translates to a
> > unique pfn.  As long as we do no worse than that, I'm ok.
> >   
> >> - have rb tree of pinned iova, where key would be iova, in each vfio_dma
> >> structure.
> >> - iova tracking structure would have iova and ref_count only.
> >> - page accounting would only count number of iova's in rb_tree, case
> >> where different iova could map to same pfn would not be considered in
> >> this implementation for now.
> >> - vfio_unpin_pages() would have user_pfn and pfn as input, we would
> >> validate that iova exist in rb tree and trust vendor driver that
> >> corresponding pfn is correct, there is no validation of pfn. If want
> >> validate pfn, call GUP, verify pfn and call put_pfn().
> >> - In .release() or .detach_group() path, if there are entries in this rb
> >> tree, call GUP again using that iova, get pfn and then call
> >> put_pfn(pfn) for ref_count+1 times. This is because we are not keeping
> >> pfn in our tracking logic.  
> > 
> > Wait a sec, if we detach a group from the container and it's not the
> > last group in the container (which would trigger a release), we can't
> > assume anything about which vfio_dma entries were associated with that
> > device.  The vendor driver, through the release of the device(s) within
> > that group, needs to unpin.  In a container release, we need to send a
> > notifier to the vendor driver(s) to cause an unpin.  This is the only
> > mechanism we have to ensure that vendor drivers are not leaking
> > references.  If during the release, after the notifier, if any
> > vfio_pfns remain, we need to BUG_ON, just like we need to do for any
> > other DMA_UNMAP.
> > 
> > Also, I'll say it again, I also don't like this API of passing around
> > potentially giant arrays, and especially the API of relying on the
> > vendor driver to tell us an arbitrary pfn to unpin.  If we make the
> > assumption that vendor drivers do not pin lots and lots of memory,
> > perhaps we could use a struct vfio_pfn as:
> > 
> > struct vfio_pfn {
> >         struct rb_node          node;
> > 	dma_addr_t		iova; /* key */
> >         unsigned long           pfn;
> >         atomic_t                ref_count;
> > };
> > 
> > This puts us at 44-bytes per pfn, which isn't great, but I think it
> > puts us in a better position with the API that we could make use of a
> > page-table or sparse array in the future that would eliminate the
> > rb_node and make the iova implicit in the location of the data
> > structure.  That would leave only the pfn and ref_count, which could
> > potentially be combined into a single 8-byte field if we had per
> > vfio_dma (or higher) locking to avoid the atomic_t (and we're happy that
> > the reference count is always less than PAGE_SIZE, ie. we could fail
> > pinning if we get to that point).
> >   
> 
> Ok.
> - I'll have above structure to track pinned pfn for now and a rb-tree in
> vfio_dma structure that would keep track of pages pinned in that range,
> dma->iova to dma->iova + dma->size.
> - Key for pfn_list rb-tree would be iova, instead of pfn.
> - Removing address space structure. vfio_dma keeps task structure, which
> would be used to get mm structure (using get_task_mm(task) and
> mmput(mm)) for pin/unpin and page accounting.
> - vfio_unpin_pages() would have array of user_pfns as input argument,
> instead of array of pfns.
> - On vfio_pin_pages(), pinning would happen once. On later call to
> vfio_pin_pages() with same user_pfn, if iova is found in pfn_list, only
> ref_count would be incremented.
> - In vfio_unpin_pages(), ref_count is decremented and page will be
> unpinned when ref_count is 0.
> - For vfio_pin_pages() and vfio_unpin_pages() input array, number of
> elements in array should be less that PAGE_SIZE. If vendor driver wants
> to use for more pages, array should  be split it in chunks of PAGE_SIZE.

Yes, this is what we discussed offline, the size of the arrays should
never exceed PAGE_SIZE, therefore the number of entries should never
exceed PAGE_SIZE/sizeof(pfn).  The iommu driver should fault with -E2BIG
if the vendor driver attempts to exceed this.

> - Updating page accounting logic with above changes.

Thanks,
Alex

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-08  6:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-15  5:17     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-15  6:33       ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-15  5:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 08/11/16 17:52, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>> VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
>> Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
>> managed by an IOMMU domain.
>>
>> Aim of this change is:
>> - To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
>> - To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module
>>
>> This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
>> backend module. More details:
>> - vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
>>   that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
>> - Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
>>   pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.
>> - Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
>>   remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
>> - Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
>>   pages are pinned/unpinned.
>> -  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
>>   domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
>>   container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
>>   during DMA_MAP.
>> - Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
>>   through device.
>>
>> Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>> - GPU pass through only
> 
> This does not require this patchset, right?
> 
>> - vGPU device only
> 
> Out of curiosity - how exactly did you test this? The exact GPU, how to
> create vGPU, what was the QEMU command line and the guest does with this
> passed device? Thanks.


ping?


-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-15  5:17     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-15  6:33       ` Kirti Wankhede
  2016-11-15  7:27         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-15  6:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/15/2016 10:47 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 08/11/16 17:52, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>> VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
>>> Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
>>> managed by an IOMMU domain.
>>>
>>> Aim of this change is:
>>> - To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
>>> - To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module
>>>
>>> This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
>>> backend module. More details:
>>> - vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
>>>   that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
>>> - Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
>>>   pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.
>>> - Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
>>>   remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
>>> - Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
>>>   pages are pinned/unpinned.
>>> -  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
>>>   domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
>>>   container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
>>>   during DMA_MAP.
>>> - Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
>>>   through device.
>>>
>>> Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>>> - GPU pass through only
>>
>> This does not require this patchset, right?
>>

Sorry I missed this earlier.
This testing is required for this patch, because this patch touches code
that is used for direct device assignment. Also for page accounting, all
cases are considered i.e. when there is only pass through device in a
container, when there is pass through device + vGPU device in a
container. Also have to test that pages are pinned properly when device
is hotplugged. In that case vfio_iommu_replay() is called to take
necessary action.

>>> - vGPU device only
>>
>> Out of curiosity - how exactly did you test this? The exact GPU, how to
>> create vGPU, what was the QEMU command line and the guest does with this
>> passed device? Thanks.
> 
> ping?
> 

I'm testing this code with M60, with custom changes in our driver.
Steps how to create mediated device are listed in
Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt for sample mtty driver. Same
steps I'm following for GPU. Quoting those steps here for you:

2. Create a mediated device by using the dummy device that you created
in the
   previous step.

   # echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001" >      \

/sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/mdev_supported_types/mtty-2/create

3. Add parameters to qemu-kvm.

   -device vfio-pci,\
    sysfsdev=/sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001


Thanks,
Kirti

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-15  6:33       ` Kirti Wankhede
@ 2016-11-15  7:27         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
  2016-11-15  7:56           ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 68+ messages in thread
From: Alexey Kardashevskiy @ 2016-11-15  7:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Kirti Wankhede, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel

On 15/11/16 17:33, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
> 
> 
> On 11/15/2016 10:47 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>> On 08/11/16 17:52, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>>> VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
>>>> Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
>>>> managed by an IOMMU domain.
>>>>
>>>> Aim of this change is:
>>>> - To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
>>>> - To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module
>>>>
>>>> This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
>>>> backend module. More details:
>>>> - vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
>>>>   that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
>>>> - Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
>>>>   pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.
>>>> - Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
>>>>   remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
>>>> - Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
>>>>   pages are pinned/unpinned.
>>>> -  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
>>>>   domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
>>>>   container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
>>>>   during DMA_MAP.
>>>> - Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
>>>>   through device.
>>>>
>>>> Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>>>> - GPU pass through only
>>>
>>> This does not require this patchset, right?
>>>
> 
> Sorry I missed this earlier.
> This testing is required for this patch, because this patch touches code
> that is used for direct device assignment. Also for page accounting, all
> cases are considered i.e. when there is only pass through device in a
> container, when there is pass through device + vGPU device in a
> container. Also have to test that pages are pinned properly when device
> is hotplugged. In that case vfio_iommu_replay() is called to take
> necessary action.

So in this particular test you are only testing that the patchset did not
break the already existing functionality, is that correct?


> 
>>>> - vGPU device only
>>>
>>> Out of curiosity - how exactly did you test this? The exact GPU, how to
>>> create vGPU, what was the QEMU command line and the guest does with this
>>> passed device? Thanks.
>>
>> ping?
>>
> 
> I'm testing this code with M60, with custom changes in our driver.


Is this shared anywhere? What does the mediated driver do? Can Tesla K80 do
the same thing, or [10de:15fe] (whatever its name is)?


> Steps how to create mediated device are listed in
> Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt for sample mtty driver. Same
> steps I'm following for GPU. Quoting those steps here for you:


Nah, I saw this, I was wondering about actual hardware :) Like when you say
"tested with vGPU" - I am wondering what is passed to the guest and how the
guest is actually using it.


> 
> 2. Create a mediated device by using the dummy device that you created
> in the
>    previous step.
> 
>    # echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001" >      \
> 
> /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/mdev_supported_types/mtty-2/create
> 
> 3. Add parameters to qemu-kvm.
> 
>    -device vfio-pci,\
>     sysfsdev=/sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001




-- 
Alexey

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices
  2016-11-15  7:27         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
@ 2016-11-15  7:56           ` Kirti Wankhede
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 68+ messages in thread
From: Kirti Wankhede @ 2016-11-15  7:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Alexey Kardashevskiy, alex.williamson, pbonzini, kraxel, cjia
  Cc: qemu-devel, kvm, kevin.tian, jike.song, bjsdjshi, linux-kernel



On 11/15/2016 12:57 PM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 15/11/16 17:33, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>
>>
>> On 11/15/2016 10:47 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>>> On 08/11/16 17:52, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>>>> On 05/11/16 08:10, Kirti Wankhede wrote:
>>>>> VFIO IOMMU drivers are designed for the devices which are IOMMU capable.
>>>>> Mediated device only uses IOMMU APIs, the underlying hardware can be
>>>>> managed by an IOMMU domain.
>>>>>
>>>>> Aim of this change is:
>>>>> - To use most of the code of TYPE1 IOMMU driver for mediated devices
>>>>> - To support direct assigned device and mediated device in single module
>>>>>
>>>>> This change adds pin and unpin support for mediated device to TYPE1 IOMMU
>>>>> backend module. More details:
>>>>> - vfio_pin_pages() callback here uses task and address space of vfio_dma,
>>>>>   that is, of the process who mapped that iova range.
>>>>> - Added pfn_list tracking logic to address space structure. All pages
>>>>>   pinned through this interface are trached in its address space.
>>>>> - Pinned pages list is used to verify unpinning request and to unpin
>>>>>   remaining pages while detaching the group for that device.
>>>>> - Page accounting is updated to account in its address space where the
>>>>>   pages are pinned/unpinned.
>>>>> -  Accouting for mdev device is only done if there is no iommu capable
>>>>>   domain in the container. When there is a direct device assigned to the
>>>>>   container and that domain is iommu capable, all pages are already pinned
>>>>>   during DMA_MAP.
>>>>> - Page accouting is updated on hot plug and unplug mdev device and pass
>>>>>   through device.
>>>>>
>>>>> Tested by assigning below combinations of devices to a single VM:
>>>>> - GPU pass through only
>>>>
>>>> This does not require this patchset, right?
>>>>
>>
>> Sorry I missed this earlier.
>> This testing is required for this patch, because this patch touches code
>> that is used for direct device assignment. Also for page accounting, all
>> cases are considered i.e. when there is only pass through device in a
>> container, when there is pass through device + vGPU device in a
>> container. Also have to test that pages are pinned properly when device
>> is hotplugged. In that case vfio_iommu_replay() is called to take
>> necessary action.
> 
> So in this particular test you are only testing that the patchset did not
> break the already existing functionality, is that correct?
> 
> 

Yes.

>>
>>>>> - vGPU device only
>>>>
>>>> Out of curiosity - how exactly did you test this? The exact GPU, how to
>>>> create vGPU, what was the QEMU command line and the guest does with this
>>>> passed device? Thanks.
>>>
>>> ping?
>>>
>>
>> I'm testing this code with M60, with custom changes in our driver.
> 
> 
> Is this shared anywhere? What does the mediated driver do? Can Tesla K80 do
> the same thing, or [10de:15fe] (whatever its name is)?
> 
> 

No, we are still in the process of upstreaming this patchset. After that
we would prepare official drivers. There is no timeline for the driver
release yet.

>> Steps how to create mediated device are listed in
>> Documentation/vfio-mediated-device.txt for sample mtty driver. Same
>> steps I'm following for GPU. Quoting those steps here for you:
> 
> 
> Nah, I saw this, I was wondering about actual hardware :) Like when you say
> "tested with vGPU" - I am wondering what is passed to the guest and how the
> guest is actually using it.
> 
> 

Its similar to mtty sample driver, that simulates serial port and so you
see serial ports in guest. For vGPU, you see a virtual GPU in guest.


Thanks,
Kirti

>>
>> 2. Create a mediated device by using the dummy device that you created
>> in the
>>    previous step.
>>
>>    # echo "83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001" >      \
>>
>> /sys/devices/virtual/mtty/mtty/mdev_supported_types/mtty-2/create
>>
>> 3. Add parameters to qemu-kvm.
>>
>>    -device vfio-pci,\
>>     sysfsdev=/sys/bus/mdev/devices/83b8f4f2-509f-382f-3c1e-e6bfe0fa1001
> 
> 
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 68+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2016-11-15  7:59 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 68+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2016-11-04 21:10 [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 01/22] vfio: Mediated device Core driver Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07  6:40   ` Tian, Kevin
     [not found]   ` <20161108092552.GA2090@bjsdjshi@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2016-11-08 21:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 02/22] vfio: VFIO based driver for Mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 03/22] vfio: Rearrange functions to get vfio_group from dev Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 04/22] vfio: Common function to increment container_users Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 05/22] vfio iommu: Added pin and unpin callback functions to vfio_iommu_driver_ops Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07 19:36   ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-08 13:55     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08 16:39       ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-08 18:47         ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08 19:14           ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 06/22] vfio iommu type1: Update arguments of vfio_lock_acct Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 07/22] vfio iommu type1: Update argument of vaddr_get_pfn() Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07  8:42   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 08/22] vfio iommu type1: Add find_iommu_group() function Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 09/22] vfio iommu type1: Add task structure to vfio_dma Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07 21:03   ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-08 14:13     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08 16:43       ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 10/22] vfio iommu type1: Add support for mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07 23:16   ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-08  2:20     ` Jike Song
2016-11-08 16:18       ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-08 15:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08 17:05       ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-08  6:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-15  5:17     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-15  6:33       ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-15  7:27         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-15  7:56           ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 11/22] vfio iommu: Add blocking notifier to notify DMA_UNMAP Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07 23:45   ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-08 16:26     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08 17:46       ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-08 19:59         ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08 21:28           ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-14  7:52             ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-14 15:37               ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 12/22] vfio: Add notifier callback to parent's ops structure of mdev Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07 23:51   ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 13/22] vfio: Introduce common function to add capabilities Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08  7:29   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-08 20:46     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08 21:42       ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-09  2:23         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 14/22] vfio_pci: Update vfio_pci to use vfio_info_add_capability() Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 15/22] vfio: Introduce vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare() Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08  8:46   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-08 20:22     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-09  3:07       ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-09  3:35         ` Alex Williamson
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 16/22] vfio_pci: Updated to use vfio_set_irqs_validate_and_prepare() Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 17/22] vfio_platform: " Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-08  8:52   ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-08 20:41     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 18/22] vfio: Define device_api strings Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 19/22] docs: Add Documentation for Mediated devices Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 20/22] docs: Sysfs ABI for mediated device framework Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 21/22] docs: Sample driver to demonstrate how to use Mediated " Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-04 21:10 ` [PATCH v11 22/22] MAINTAINERS: Add entry VFIO based Mediated device drivers Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07  3:30 ` [PATCH v11 00/22] Add Mediated device support Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-07  3:59   ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07  5:06     ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07  6:15     ` Alexey Kardashevskiy
2016-11-07  6:36       ` Kirti Wankhede
2016-11-07  6:46         ` Alexey Kardashevskiy

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).