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From: Vlastimil Babka <>
To: Ingo Molnar <>, Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Mel Gorman <>,
	Rik van Riel <>,, Vlastimil Babka <>
Subject: [PATCH] sched/numa: use down_read_trylock for mmap_sem
Date: Mon, 15 May 2017 15:13:16 +0200
Message-ID: <> (raw)

A customer has reported a soft-lockup when running a proprietary intensive
memory stress test, where the trace on multiple CPU's looks like this:

 RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff810c53fe>]
  [<ffffffff810c53fe>] native_queued_spin_lock_slowpath+0x10e/0x190
 Call Trace:
  [<ffffffff81182d07>] queued_spin_lock_slowpath+0x7/0xa
  [<ffffffff811bc331>] change_protection_range+0x3b1/0x930
  [<ffffffff811d4be8>] change_prot_numa+0x18/0x30
  [<ffffffff810adefe>] task_numa_work+0x1fe/0x310
  [<ffffffff81098322>] task_work_run+0x72/0x90

Further investigation showed that the lock contention here is pmd_lock().

The task_numa_work() function makes sure that only one thread is let to perform
the work in a single scan period (via cmpxchg), but if there's a thread with
mmap_sem locked for writing for several periods, multiple threads in
task_numa_work() can build up a convoy waiting for mmap_sem for read and then
all get unblocked at once.

This patch changes the down_read() to the trylock version, which prevents the
build up. For a workload experiencing mmap_sem contention, it's probably better
to postpone the NUMA balancing work anyway. This seems to have fixed the soft
lockups involving pmd_lock(), which is in line with the convoy theory.

Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <>
 kernel/sched/fair.c | 3 ++-
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index dea138964b91..d70f9026defc 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -2475,7 +2475,8 @@ void task_numa_work(struct callback_head *work)
-	down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+	if (!down_read_trylock(&mm->mmap_sem))
+		return;
 	vma = find_vma(mm, start);
 	if (!vma) {

             reply index

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-05-15 13:13 Vlastimil Babka [this message]
2017-05-15 14:27 ` Rik van Riel
2017-05-15 14:35 ` Mel Gorman
2017-05-16  8:15 ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-05-23  8:47 ` [tip:sched/core] sched/numa: Use down_read_trylock() for the mmap_sem tip-bot for Vlastimil Babka

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