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From: "Luis R. Rodriguez" <>
	"Luis R. Rodriguez" <>
Subject: [PATCH 2/3] kmod: fix wait on recursive loop
Date: Wed,  9 Aug 2017 16:46:34 -0700
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Recursive loops with module loading were previously handled in kmod
by restricting the number of modprobe calls to 50 and if that limit
was breached request_module() would return an error and a user would
see the following on their kernel dmesg:

request_module: runaway loop modprobe binfmt-464c
Starting init:/sbin/init exists but couldn't execute it (error -8)

This issue could happen for instance when a 64-bit kernel boots a 32-bit
userspace on some architectures and has no 32-bit binary format hanlders.
This is visible, for instance, when a CONFIG_MODULES enabled 64-bit MIPS
kernel boots a into o32 root filesystem and the binfmt handler for o32
binaries is not built-in.

After commit 6d7964a722af ("kmod: throttle kmod thread limit") we now
don't have any visible signs of an error and the kernel just waits for
the loop to end somehow.

Although this *particular* recursive loop could also be addressed
by doing a sanity check on search_binary_handler() and disallowing
a modular binfmt to be required for modprobe, a generic solution for
any recursive kernel kmod issues is still needed.

This should catch these loops. We can investigate each loop and address
each one separately as they come in, this however puts a stop gap for
them as before.

Fixes: 6d7964a722af ("kmod: throttle kmod thread limit")
Reported-by: Matt Redfearn <>
Tested-by: Matt Redfearn <>
Signed-off-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <>
 kernel/kmod.c | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/kmod.c b/kernel/kmod.c
index 6d016c5d97c8..2f37acde640b 100644
--- a/kernel/kmod.c
+++ b/kernel/kmod.c
@@ -70,6 +70,18 @@ static DECLARE_RWSEM(umhelper_sem);
 static atomic_t kmod_concurrent_max = ATOMIC_INIT(MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT);
 static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(kmod_wq);
+ * This is a restriction on having *all* MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT threads
+ * running at the same time without returning. When this happens we
+ * believe you've somehow ended up with a recursive module dependency
+ * creating a loop.
+ *
+ * We have no option but to fail.
+ *
+ * Userspace should proactively try to detect and prevent these.
+ */
 	modprobe_path is set via /proc/sys.
@@ -167,8 +179,17 @@ int __request_module(bool wait, const char *fmt, ...)
 		pr_warn_ratelimited("request_module: kmod_concurrent_max (%u) close to 0 (max_modprobes: %u), for module %s, throttling...",
 				    MAX_KMOD_CONCURRENT, module_name);
-		wait_event_interruptible(kmod_wq,
-					 atomic_dec_if_positive(&kmod_concurrent_max) >= 0);
+		ret = wait_event_killable_timeout(kmod_wq,
+						  atomic_dec_if_positive(&kmod_concurrent_max) >= 0,
+		if (!ret) {
+			pr_warn_ratelimited("request_module: modprobe %s cannot be processed, kmod busy with %d threads for more than %d seconds now",
+			return -ETIME;
+		} else if (ret == -ERESTARTSYS) {
+			pr_warn_ratelimited("request_module: sigkill sent for modprobe %s, giving up", module_name);
+			return ret;
+		}
 	trace_module_request(module_name, wait, _RET_IP_);

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-08-09 23:46 [PATCH 0/3] kmod: pending fixes for v4.13-final Luis R. Rodriguez
2017-08-09 23:46 ` [PATCH 1/3] wait: add wait_event_killable_timeout() Luis R. Rodriguez
2017-08-10 10:33   ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-08-09 23:46 ` Luis R. Rodriguez [this message]
2017-08-09 23:46 ` [PATCH 3/3] test_kmod: fix description for -s -and -c parameters Luis R. Rodriguez

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