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From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
To: Gratian Crisan <gratian.crisan@ni.com>
Cc: Julia Cartwright <julia@ni.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Darren Hart <dvhart@infradead.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Subject: [PATCH] futex: Avoid violating the 10th rule of futex
Date: Fri, 8 Dec 2017 13:49:39 +0100
Message-ID: <20171208124939.7livp7no2ov65rrc@hirez.programming.kicks-ass.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <87lgieqgz3.fsf@kerf.amer.corp.natinst.com>

On Thu, Dec 07, 2017 at 05:02:40PM -0600, Gratian Crisan wrote:

> Yep ... looks good to me. I've been running two targets with the
> original reproducer for 8 hours now plus a target running the C test.
> All of them are still going.
> 
> I'm going to let them run overnight to make sure but I'm going to call
> it fixed.

Assuming nothing bad happens; find below the patch with a Changelog
attached.

---
Subject: futex: Avoid violating the 10th rule of futex
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Date: Thu Dec  7 16:54:23 CET 2017

Julia reported futex state corruption in the following scenario:

   waiter                                  waker                                            stealer (prio > waiter)

   futex(WAIT_REQUEUE_PI, uaddr, uaddr2,
         timeout=[N ms])
      futex_wait_requeue_pi()
         futex_wait_queue_me()
            freezable_schedule()
            <scheduled out>
                                           futex(LOCK_PI, uaddr2)
                                           futex(CMP_REQUEUE_PI, uaddr,
                                                 uaddr2, 1, 0)
                                              /* requeues waiter to uaddr2 */
                                           futex(UNLOCK_PI, uaddr2)
                                                 wake_futex_pi()
                                                    cmp_futex_value_locked(uaddr2, waiter)
                                                    wake_up_q()
           <woken by waker>
           <hrtimer_wakeup() fires,
            clears sleeper->task>
                                                                                           futex(LOCK_PI, uaddr2)
                                                                                              __rt_mutex_start_proxy_lock()
                                                                                                 try_to_take_rt_mutex() /* steals lock */
                                                                                                    rt_mutex_set_owner(lock, stealer)
                                                                                              <preempted>
         <scheduled in>
         rt_mutex_wait_proxy_lock()
            __rt_mutex_slowlock()
               try_to_take_rt_mutex() /* fails, lock held by stealer */
               if (timeout && !timeout->task)
                  return -ETIMEDOUT;
            fixup_owner()
               /* lock wasn't acquired, so,
                  fixup_pi_state_owner skipped */

   return -ETIMEDOUT;

   /* At this point, we've returned -ETIMEDOUT to userspace, but the
    * futex word shows waiter to be the owner, and the pi_mutex has
    * stealer as the owner */

   futex_lock(LOCK_PI, uaddr2)
     -> bails with EDEADLK, futex word says we're owner.

And suggested that what commit:

  73d786bd043e ("futex: Rework inconsistent rt_mutex/futex_q state")

removes from fixup_owner() looks to be just what is needed. And indeed
it is -- I completely missed that requeue_pi could also result in this
case. So we need to restore that, except that subsequent patches, like
commit:

  16ffa12d7425 ("futex: Pull rt_mutex_futex_unlock() out from under hb->lock")

changed all the locking rules. Even without that, the sequence:

-               if (rt_mutex_futex_trylock(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex)) {
-                       locked = 1;
-                       goto out;
-               }

-               raw_spin_lock_irq(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
-               owner = rt_mutex_owner(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex);
-               if (!owner)
-                       owner = rt_mutex_next_owner(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex);
-               raw_spin_unlock_irq(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
-               ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, owner);

already suggests there were races; otherwise we'd never have to look
at next_owner.

So instead of doing 3 consecutive wait_lock sections with who knows
what races, we do it all in a single section. Additionally, the usage
of pi_state->owner in fixup_owner() was only safe because only the
rt_mutex owner would modify it, which this additional case wrecks.

Luckily the values can only change away and not to the value we're
testing, this means we can do a speculative test and double check once
we have the wait_lock.

Fixes: 73d786bd043e ("futex: Rework inconsistent rt_mutex/futex_q state")
Reported-and-Tested-by: Julia Cartwright <julia@ni.com>
Reported-and-Tested-by: Gratian Crisan <gratian.crisan@ni.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
---
--- a/kernel/futex.c
+++ b/kernel/futex.c
@@ -2294,21 +2294,17 @@ static void unqueue_me_pi(struct futex_q
 	spin_unlock(q->lock_ptr);
 }
 
-/*
- * Fixup the pi_state owner with the new owner.
- *
- * Must be called with hash bucket lock held and mm->sem held for non
- * private futexes.
- */
 static int fixup_pi_state_owner(u32 __user *uaddr, struct futex_q *q,
-				struct task_struct *newowner)
+				struct task_struct *argowner)
 {
-	u32 newtid = task_pid_vnr(newowner) | FUTEX_WAITERS;
 	struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = q->pi_state;
 	u32 uval, uninitialized_var(curval), newval;
-	struct task_struct *oldowner;
+	struct task_struct *oldowner, *newowner;
+	u32 newtid;
 	int ret;
 
+	lockdep_assert_held(q->lock_ptr);
+
 	raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
 
 	oldowner = pi_state->owner;
@@ -2317,11 +2313,17 @@ static int fixup_pi_state_owner(u32 __us
 		newtid |= FUTEX_OWNER_DIED;
 
 	/*
-	 * We are here either because we stole the rtmutex from the
-	 * previous highest priority waiter or we are the highest priority
-	 * waiter but have failed to get the rtmutex the first time.
+	 * We are here because either:
+	 *
+	 *  - we stole the lock and pi_state->owner needs updating to reflect
+	 *    that (@argowner == current),
+	 *
+	 * or:
 	 *
-	 * We have to replace the newowner TID in the user space variable.
+	 *  - someone stole our lock and we need to fix things to point to the
+	 *    new owner (@argowner == NULL).
+	 *
+	 * Either way, we have to replace the TID in the user space variable.
 	 * This must be atomic as we have to preserve the owner died bit here.
 	 *
 	 * Note: We write the user space value _before_ changing the pi_state
@@ -2334,6 +2336,42 @@ static int fixup_pi_state_owner(u32 __us
 	 * in the PID check in lookup_pi_state.
 	 */
 retry:
+	if (!argowner) {
+		if (oldowner != current) {
+			/*
+			 * We raced against a concurrent self; things are
+			 * already fixed up. Nothing to do.
+			 */
+			ret = 0;
+			goto out_unlock;
+		}
+
+		if (__rt_mutex_futex_trylock(&pi_state->pi_mutex)) {
+			/* We got the lock after all, nothing to fix. */
+			ret = 0;
+			goto out_unlock;
+		}
+
+		/*
+		 * Since we just failed the trylock; there must be an owner.
+		 */
+		newowner = rt_mutex_owner(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
+		BUG_ON(!newowner);
+	} else {
+		WARN_ON_ONCE(argowner != current);
+		if (oldowner == current) {
+			/*
+			 * We raced against a concurrent self; things are
+			 * already fixed up. Nothing to do.
+			 */
+			ret = 0;
+			goto out_unlock;
+		}
+		newowner = argowner;
+	}
+
+	newtid = task_pid_vnr(newowner) | FUTEX_WAITERS;
+
 	if (get_futex_value_locked(&uval, uaddr))
 		goto handle_fault;
 
@@ -2434,15 +2472,28 @@ static int fixup_owner(u32 __user *uaddr
 		 * Got the lock. We might not be the anticipated owner if we
 		 * did a lock-steal - fix up the PI-state in that case:
 		 *
-		 * We can safely read pi_state->owner without holding wait_lock
-		 * because we now own the rt_mutex, only the owner will attempt
-		 * to change it.
+		 * Speculative pi_state->owner read (we don't hold wait_lock);
+		 * since we own the lock pi_state->owner == current is the
+		 * stable state, anything else needs more attention.
 		 */
 		if (q->pi_state->owner != current)
 			ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, current);
 		goto out;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * If we didn't get the lock; check if anybody stole it from us. In
+	 * that case, we need to fix up the uval to point to them instead of
+	 * us, otherwise bad things happen. [10]
+	 *
+	 * Another speculative read; pi_state->owner == current is unstable
+	 * but needs our attention.
+	 */
+	if (q->pi_state->owner == current) {
+		ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, NULL);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
 	/*
 	 * Paranoia check. If we did not take the lock, then we should not be
 	 * the owner of the rt_mutex.
--- a/kernel/locking/rtmutex.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/rtmutex.c
@@ -1290,6 +1290,19 @@ rt_mutex_slowlock(struct rt_mutex *lock,
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static inline int __rt_mutex_slowtrylock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
+{
+	int ret = try_to_take_rt_mutex(lock, current, NULL);
+
+	/*
+	 * try_to_take_rt_mutex() sets the lock waiters bit
+	 * unconditionally. Clean this up.
+	 */
+	fixup_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
 /*
  * Slow path try-lock function:
  */
@@ -1312,13 +1325,7 @@ static inline int rt_mutex_slowtrylock(s
 	 */
 	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
 
-	ret = try_to_take_rt_mutex(lock, current, NULL);
-
-	/*
-	 * try_to_take_rt_mutex() sets the lock waiters bit
-	 * unconditionally. Clean this up.
-	 */
-	fixup_rt_mutex_waiters(lock);
+	ret = __rt_mutex_slowtrylock(lock);
 
 	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
 
@@ -1505,6 +1512,11 @@ int __sched rt_mutex_futex_trylock(struc
 	return rt_mutex_slowtrylock(lock);
 }
 
+int __sched __rt_mutex_futex_trylock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
+{
+	return __rt_mutex_slowtrylock(lock);
+}
+
 /**
  * rt_mutex_timed_lock - lock a rt_mutex interruptible
  *			the timeout structure is provided
--- a/kernel/locking/rtmutex_common.h
+++ b/kernel/locking/rtmutex_common.h
@@ -148,6 +148,7 @@ extern bool rt_mutex_cleanup_proxy_lock(
 				 struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter);
 
 extern int rt_mutex_futex_trylock(struct rt_mutex *l);
+extern int __rt_mutex_futex_trylock(struct rt_mutex *l);
 
 extern void rt_mutex_futex_unlock(struct rt_mutex *lock);
 extern bool __rt_mutex_futex_unlock(struct rt_mutex *lock,

  reply index

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-11-29 17:56 PI futexes + lock stealing woes Julia Cartwright
2017-12-01 20:11 ` Darren Hart
2017-12-01 21:49   ` Julia Cartwright
2017-12-02  0:32     ` Darren Hart
2017-12-06 23:46 ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-12-07  2:09   ` Gratian Crisan
2017-12-07 10:45     ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-12-07 14:26       ` Peter Zijlstra
2017-12-07 14:57         ` Gratian Crisan
2017-12-07 19:50           ` Julia Cartwright
2017-12-07 23:02             ` Gratian Crisan
2017-12-08 12:49               ` Peter Zijlstra [this message]
2017-12-08 16:04                 ` [PATCH] futex: Avoid violating the 10th rule of futex Gratian Crisan
2018-01-08 21:09                 ` Julia Cartwright
2018-01-14 18:06                 ` [tip:locking/urgent] " tip-bot for Peter Zijlstra

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