linux-kernel.vger.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Andrea Parri <parri.andrea@gmail.com>,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
Subject: [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 09/20] lockdep: Support deadlock detection for recursive read locks in check_noncircular()
Date: Wed, 11 Apr 2018 21:50:59 +0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20180411135110.9217-10-boqun.feng@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180411135110.9217-1-boqun.feng@gmail.com>

Currently, lockdep only has limit support for deadlock detection for
recursive read locks.

This patch support deadlock detection for recursive read locks. The
basic idea is:

We are about to add dependency B -> A in to the dependency graph, we use
check_noncircular() to find whether we have a strong dependency path
A -> .. -> B so that we have a strong dependency circle:

	 A -> .. -> B -> A

, which doesn't have two adjacent dependencies as -(*R)-> L -(R*)->.
Because similar to the definition of strong dependency paths, if there
are two adjacent dependencies like that, there is at least one lock
which doesn't have an exclusive holder, so no deadlock.

Since A -> .. -> B is already a strong dependency path, so if either
B -> A is N* or A -> .. -> B is *N, the circle A -> .. -> B -> A is
strong, otherwise not. So we introduce a new match function
hlock_conflict() to replace the class_equal() for the deadlock check in
check_noncircular().

Signed-off-by: Boqun Feng <boqun.feng@gmail.com>
---
 kernel/locking/lockdep.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 31 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
index df1637db923a..6b5d43687c3b 100644
--- a/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/locking/lockdep.c
@@ -1338,6 +1338,33 @@ static inline bool class_equal(struct lock_list *entry, void *data)
 	return entry->class == data;
 }
 
+/*
+ * We are about to add B -> A into the dependency graph, and in __bfs() a
+ * strong dependency path A -> .. -> B is found: hlock_class equals
+ * entry->class.
+ *
+ * We will have a deadlock case (conflict) if A -> .. -> B -> A is a strong
+ * dependency cycle, that means:
+ *
+ * Either
+ *
+ *     a) B -> A is N*
+ *
+ * or
+ *
+ *     b) A -> .. -> B is *N (i.e. A -> .. -(*N)-> B)
+ *
+ * as then we don't have *R -> R* in the cycle.
+ */
+static inline bool hlock_conflict(struct lock_list *entry, void *data)
+{
+	struct held_lock *hlock = (struct held_lock *)data;
+
+	return hlock_class(hlock) == entry->class && /* Found A -> .. -> B */
+	       (hlock->read != 2 || /* B -> A is N* */
+		!entry->only_xr); /* A -> .. -> B is *N */
+}
+
 static noinline int print_circular_bug(struct lock_list *this,
 				struct lock_list *target,
 				struct held_lock *check_src,
@@ -1450,18 +1477,18 @@ unsigned long lockdep_count_backward_deps(struct lock_class *class)
 }
 
 /*
- * Prove that the dependency graph starting at <entry> can not
+ * Prove that the dependency graph starting at <root> can not
  * lead to <target>. Print an error and return BFS_RMATCH if it does.
  */
 static noinline enum bfs_result
-check_noncircular(struct lock_list *root, struct lock_class *target,
+check_noncircular(struct lock_list *root, struct held_lock *target,
 		  struct lock_list **target_entry)
 {
 	enum bfs_result result;
 
 	debug_atomic_inc(nr_cyclic_checks);
 
-	result = __bfs_forwards(root, target, class_equal, target_entry);
+	result = __bfs_forwards(root, target, hlock_conflict, target_entry);
 
 	return result;
 }
@@ -1989,7 +2016,7 @@ check_prev_add(struct task_struct *curr, struct held_lock *prev,
 	 * keep the stackframe size of the recursive functions low:
 	 */
 	bfs_init_root(&this, next);
-	ret = check_noncircular(&this, hlock_class(prev), &target_entry);
+	ret = check_noncircular(&this, prev, &target_entry);
 	if (unlikely(ret == BFS_RMATCH)) {
 		if (!trace->entries) {
 			/*
-- 
2.16.2

  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-04-11 13:49 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 28+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-04-11 13:50 [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 00/20] lockdep: Support deadlock detection for recursive read locks Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 01/20] lockdep/Documention: Recursive read lock detection reasoning Boqun Feng
2018-04-15  0:38   ` Randy Dunlap
2018-04-16  6:29     ` Boqun Feng
2018-04-27 13:50   ` Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 02/20] lockdep: Demagic the return value of BFS Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 03/20] lockdep: Make __bfs() visit every dependency until a match Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 04/20] lockdep: Redefine LOCK_*_STATE* bits Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 05/20] lockdep: Reduce the size of lock_list::distance Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 06/20] lockdep: Introduce lock_list::dep Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 07/20] lockdep: Extend __bfs() to work with multiple types of dependencies Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 08/20] lockdep: Make __bfs(.match) return bool Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:50 ` Boqun Feng [this message]
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 10/20] lockdep: Adjust check_redundant() for recursive read change Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 11/20] lockdep: Fix recursive read lock related safe->unsafe detection Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 12/20] lockdep: Add recursive read locks into dependency graph Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 13/20] lockdep/selftest: Add a R-L/L-W test case specific to chain cache behavior Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 14/20] lockdep: Take read/write status in consideration when generate chainkey Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 15/20] lockdep/selftest: Unleash irq_read_recursion2 and add more Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 16/20] lockdep/selftest: Add more recursive read related test cases Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 17/20] Revert "locking/lockdep/selftests: Fix mixed read-write ABBA tests" Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:51 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 18/20] MAINTAINERS: Add myself as a LOCKING PRIMITIVES reviewer Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:56 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 19/20] rcu: Equip sleepable RCU with lockdep dependency graph checks Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 18:57   ` Paul E. McKenney
2018-04-12  2:12     ` Boqun Feng
2018-04-12  9:12       ` Peter Zijlstra
2018-04-13 13:24         ` Boqun Feng
2018-04-11 13:57 ` [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 20/20] lockdep/selftest: Add a test case for SRCU Boqun Feng

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20180411135110.9217-10-boqun.feng@gmail.com \
    --to=boqun.feng@gmail.com \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=mingo@redhat.com \
    --cc=parri.andrea@gmail.com \
    --cc=paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com \
    --cc=peterz@infradead.org \
    --subject='Re: [RFC tip/locking/lockdep v6 09/20] lockdep: Support deadlock detection for recursive read locks in check_noncircular()' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for NNTP newsgroup(s).