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From: Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>
To: "Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com>
Cc: Kenneth Lee <nek.in.cn@gmail.com>,
	Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>,
	"David S . Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>,
	Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>,
	Hao Fang <fanghao11@huawei.com>,
	Zhou Wang <wangzhou1@hisilicon.com>,
	Zaibo Xu <xuzaibo@huawei.com>,
	Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	"linux-doc@vger.kernel.org" <linux-doc@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org" <linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org>,
	"iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org"
	<iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org>,
	"kvm@vger.kernel.org" <kvm@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org" 
	<linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org>,
	Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>,
	"Kumar, Sanjay K" <sanjay.k.kumar@intel.com>,
	"linuxarm@huawei.com" <linuxarm@huawei.com>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH 1/7] vfio/spimdev: Add documents for WarpDrive framework
Date: Thu, 2 Aug 2018 12:22:35 +0800
Message-ID: <20180802042235.GN160746@Turing-Arch-b> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <AADFC41AFE54684AB9EE6CBC0274A5D191290F04@SHSMSX101.ccr.corp.intel.com>

On Thu, Aug 02, 2018 at 03:14:38AM +0000, Tian, Kevin wrote:
> Date: Thu, 2 Aug 2018 03:14:38 +0000
> From: "Tian, Kevin" <kevin.tian@intel.com>
> To: Kenneth Lee <nek.in.cn@gmail.com>, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
>  Herbert Xu <herbert@gondor.apana.org.au>, "David S . Miller"
>  <davem@davemloft.net>, Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>, Alex Williamson
>  <alex.williamson@redhat.com>, Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>, Hao
>  Fang <fanghao11@huawei.com>, Zhou Wang <wangzhou1@hisilicon.com>, Zaibo Xu
>  <xuzaibo@huawei.com>, Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>, Greg
>  Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>, Thomas Gleixner
>  <tglx@linutronix.de>, "linux-doc@vger.kernel.org"
>  <linux-doc@vger.kernel.org>, "linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org"
>  <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>, "linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org"
>  <linux-crypto@vger.kernel.org>, "iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org"
>  <iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org>, "kvm@vger.kernel.org"
>  <kvm@vger.kernel.org>, "linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org"
>  <linux-accelerators@lists.ozlabs.org>, Lu Baolu
>  <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>, "Kumar, Sanjay K" <sanjay.k.kumar@intel.com>
> CC: "linuxarm@huawei.com" <linuxarm@huawei.com>
> Subject: RE: [RFC PATCH 1/7] vfio/spimdev: Add documents for WarpDrive
>  framework
> Message-ID: <AADFC41AFE54684AB9EE6CBC0274A5D191290F04@SHSMSX101.ccr.corp.intel.com>
> 
> > From: Kenneth Lee
> > Sent: Wednesday, August 1, 2018 6:22 PM
> > 
> > From: Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>
> > 
> > WarpDrive is a common user space accelerator framework.  Its main
> > component
> > in Kernel is called spimdev, Share Parent IOMMU Mediated Device. It
> 
> Not sure whether "share parent IOMMU" is a good term here. better
> stick to what capabity you bring to user space, instead of describing
> internal trick...
Agree. The "SPI" is also strongly hint to "Share Peripheral Interrupt" or "Serial
Peripheral Interface". Personally I hate this name. But I cannot find a better
one. In the user space, we can use a impassible name (WarpDrive). But kernel
require a name point to its feature... maybe I should use "Process-Shared Mdev"
in next version?
> 
> > exposes
> > the hardware capabilities to the user space via vfio-mdev. So processes in
> > user land can obtain a "queue" by open the device and direct access the
> > hardware MMIO space or do DMA operation via VFIO interface.
> > 
> > WarpDrive is intended to be used with Jean Philippe Brucker's SVA patchset
> > (it is still in RFC stage) to support multi-process. But This is not a must.
> > Without the SVA patches, WarpDrive can still work for one process for
> > every
> > hardware device.
> > 
> > This patch add detail documents for the framework.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Kenneth Lee <liguozhu@hisilicon.com>
> > ---
> >  Documentation/00-INDEX                |   2 +
> >  Documentation/warpdrive/warpdrive.rst | 153 ++++++
> >  Documentation/warpdrive/wd-arch.svg   | 732
> > ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  Documentation/warpdrive/wd.svg        | 526 ++++++++++++++++++
> >  4 files changed, 1413 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100644 Documentation/warpdrive/warpdrive.rst
> >  create mode 100644 Documentation/warpdrive/wd-arch.svg
> >  create mode 100644 Documentation/warpdrive/wd.svg
> > 
> > diff --git a/Documentation/00-INDEX b/Documentation/00-INDEX
> > index 2754fe83f0d4..9959affab599 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/00-INDEX
> > +++ b/Documentation/00-INDEX
> > @@ -410,6 +410,8 @@ vm/
> >  	- directory with info on the Linux vm code.
> >  w1/
> >  	- directory with documents regarding the 1-wire (w1) subsystem.
> > +warpdrive/
> > +	- directory with documents about WarpDrive accelerator
> > framework.
> >  watchdog/
> >  	- how to auto-reboot Linux if it has "fallen and can't get up". ;-)
> >  wimax/
> > diff --git a/Documentation/warpdrive/warpdrive.rst
> > b/Documentation/warpdrive/warpdrive.rst
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..3792b2780ea6
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/warpdrive/warpdrive.rst
> > @@ -0,0 +1,153 @@
> > +Introduction of WarpDrive
> > +=========================
> > +
> > +*WarpDrive* is a general accelerator framework built on top of vfio.
> > +It can be taken as a light weight virtual function, which you can use
> > without
> > +*SR-IOV* like facility and can be shared among multiple processes.
> > +
> > +It can be used as the quick channel for accelerators, network adaptors or
> > +other hardware in user space. It can make some implementation simpler.
> > E.g.
> > +you can reuse most of the *netdev* driver and just share some ring buffer
> > to
> > +the user space driver for *DPDK* or *ODP*. Or you can combine the RSA
> > +accelerator with the *netdev* in the user space as a Web reversed proxy,
> > etc.
> > +
> > +The name *WarpDrive* is simply a cool and general name meaning the
> > framework
> > +makes the application faster. In kernel, the framework is called SPIMDEV,
> > +namely "Share Parent IOMMU Mediated Device".
> > +
> > +
> > +How does it work
> > +================
> > +
> > +*WarpDrive* takes the Hardware Accelerator as a heterogeneous
> > processor which
> > +can share some load for the CPU:
> > +
> > +.. image:: wd.svg
> > +        :alt: This is a .svg image, if your browser cannot show it,
> > +                try to download and view it locally
> > +
> > +So it provides the capability to the user application to:
> > +
> > +1. Send request to the hardware
> > +2. Share memory with the application and other accelerators
> > +
> > +These requirements can be fulfilled by VFIO if the accelerator can serve
> > each
> > +application with a separated Virtual Function. But a *SR-IOV* like VF (we
> > will
> > +call it *HVF* hereinafter) design is too heavy for the accelerator which
> > +service thousands of processes.
> > +
> > +And the *HVF* is not good for the scenario that a device keep most of its
> > +resource but share partial of the function to the user space. E.g. a *NIC*
> > +works as a *netdev* but share some hardware queues to the user
> > application to
> > +send packets direct to the hardware.
> > +
> > +*VFIO-mdev* can solve some of the problem here. But *VFIO-mdev* has
> > two problem:
> > +
> > +1. it cannot make use of its parent device's IOMMU.
> > +2. it is assumed to be openned only once.
> > +
> > +So it will need some add-on for better resource control and let the VFIO
> > +driver be aware of this.
> > +
> > +
> > +Architecture
> > +------------
> > +
> > +The full *WarpDrive* architecture is represented in the following class
> > +diagram:
> > +
> > +.. image:: wd-arch.svg
> > +        :alt: This is a .svg image, if your browser cannot show it,
> > +                try to download and view it locally
> > +
> > +The idea is: when a device is probed, it can be registered to the general
> > +framework, e.g. *netdev* or *crypto*, and the *SPIMDEV* at the same
> > time.
> > +
> > +If *SPIMDEV* is registered. A *mdev* creation interface is created. Then
> > the
> > +system administrator can create a *mdev* in the user space and set its
> > +parameters via its sysfs interfacev. But not like the other mdev
> > +implementation, hardware resource will not be allocated until it is opened
> > by
> > +an application.
> > +
> > +With this strategy, the hardware resource can be easily scheduled among
> > +multiple processes.
> > +
> > +
> > +The user API
> > +------------
> > +
> > +We adopt a polling style interface in the user space: ::
> > +
> > +        int wd_request_queue(int container, struct wd_queue *q,
> > +                             const char *mdev)
> > +        void wd_release_queue(struct wd_queue *q);
> > +
> > +        int wd_send(struct wd_queue *q, void *req);
> > +        int wd_recv(struct wd_queue *q, void **req);
> > +        int wd_recv_sync(struct wd_queue *q, void **req);
> > +
> > +the ..._sync() interface is a wrapper to the non sync version. They wait on
> > the
> > +device until the queue become available.
> > +
> > +Memory can be done by VFIO DMA API. Or the following helper function
> > can be
> > +adopted: ::
> > +
> > +        int wd_mem_share(struct wd_queue *q, const void *addr,
> > +                         size_t size, int flags);
> > +        void wd_mem_unshare(struct wd_queue *q, const void *addr, size_t
> > size);
> > +
> > +Todo: if the IOMMU support *ATS* or *SMMU* stall mode. mem share is
> > not
> > +necessary. This can be check with SPImdev sysfs interface.
> > +
> > +The user API is not mandatory. It is simply a suggestion and hint what the
> > +kernel interface is supposed to support.
> > +
> > +
> > +The user driver
> > +---------------
> > +
> > +*WarpDrive* expose the hardware IO space to the user process (via
> > *mmap*). So
> > +it will require user driver for implementing the user API. The following API
> > +is suggested for a user driver: ::
> > +
> > +        int open(struct wd_queue *q);
> > +        int close(struct wd_queue *q);
> > +        int send(struct wd_queue *q, void *req);
> > +        int recv(struct wd_queue *q, void **req);
> > +
> > +These callback enable the communication between the user application
> > and the
> > +device. You will still need the hardware-depend algorithm driver to access
> > the
> > +algorithm functionality of the accelerator itself.
> > +
> > +
> > +Multiple processes support
> > +==========================
> > +
> > +In the latest mainline kernel (4.18) when this document is written.
> > +Multi-process is not supported in VFIO yet.
> > +
> > +*JPB* has a patchset to enable this[2]_. We have tested it with our
> > hardware
> > +(which is known as *D06*). It works well. *WarpDrive* rely on them to
> > support
> > +multiple processes. If it is not enabled, *WarpDrive* can still work, but it
> > +support only one process, which will share the same io map table with
> > kernel
> > +(but the user application cannot access the kernel address, So it is not
> > going
> > +to be a security problem)
> > +
> > +
> > +Legacy Mode Support
> > +===================
> > +For the hardware on which IOMMU is not support, WarpDrive can run on
> > *NOIOMMU*
> > +mode.
> > +
> > +
> > +References
> > +==========
> > +.. [1] Accroding to the comment in in mm/gup.c, The *gup* is only safe
> > within
> > +       a syscall.  Because it can only keep the physical memory in place
> > +       without making sure the VMA will always point to it. Maybe we should
> > +       raise the VM_PINNED patchset (see
> > +       https://lists.gt.net/linux/kernel/1931993) again to solve this problem.
> > +.. [2] https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10394851/
> > +.. [3] https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/35489035
> > +
> > +.. vim: tw=78
> > diff --git a/Documentation/warpdrive/wd-arch.svg
> > b/Documentation/warpdrive/wd-arch.svg
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..1b3d1817c4ba
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/Documentation/warpdrive/wd-arch.svg
> > @@ -0,0 +1,732 @@
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> > --
> > 2.17.1

-- 
			-Kenneth(Hisilicon)

================================================================================
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  reply index

Thread overview: 61+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-08-01 10:22 [RFC PATCH 0/7] A General Accelerator Framework, WarpDrive Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 10:22 ` [RFC PATCH 1/7] vfio/spimdev: Add documents for WarpDrive framework Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02  3:14   ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-02  4:22     ` Kenneth Lee [this message]
2018-08-02  4:41       ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-06 12:27   ` Pavel Machek
2018-08-08  1:43     ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 10:22 ` [RFC PATCH 2/7] iommu: Add share domain interface in iommu for spimdev Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02  3:17   ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-02  4:15     ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02  4:39       ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-08  9:13   ` Joerg Roedel
2018-08-09  1:09     ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 10:22 ` [RFC PATCH 3/7] vfio: add spimdev support Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 16:23   ` Randy Dunlap
2018-08-02  3:07     ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02  3:21   ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-02  3:47     ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02  4:24       ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-02  7:34         ` Kenneth Lee
     [not found]           ` <20180802103528.0b863030.cohuck@redhat.com>
     [not found]             ` <20180802124327.403b10ab@t450s.home>
2018-08-06  1:40               ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-06 15:49                 ` Alex Williamson
2018-08-06 16:34                   ` Raj, Ashok
2018-08-06 17:05                     ` Alex Williamson
2018-08-08  1:32                       ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 10:22 ` [RFC PATCH 4/7] crypto: add hisilicon Queue Manager driver Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 10:22 ` [RFC PATCH 5/7] crypto: Add Hisilicon Zip driver Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 10:22 ` [RFC PATCH 6/7] crypto: add spimdev support to Hisilicon QM Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 10:22 ` [RFC PATCH 7/7] vfio/spimdev: add user sample for spimdev Kenneth Lee
2018-08-01 16:56 ` [RFC PATCH 0/7] A General Accelerator Framework, WarpDrive Jerome Glisse
2018-08-02  2:33   ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-02  4:05     ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02 14:22       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-03  3:47         ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-03 14:39           ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-06  3:12             ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-06 15:32               ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-08  1:08                 ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-08 15:18                   ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-09  8:03                     ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-09  8:31                       ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-10  1:37                         ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-09 14:46                       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-10  3:39                         ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-10 13:12                           ` Jean-Philippe Brucker
2018-08-11 15:26                             ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-13  9:29                               ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-13 19:23                                 ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-14  3:46                                   ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-10 14:32                           ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-11 14:44                             ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02 10:10     ` Alan Cox
2018-08-02 12:24       ` Xu Zaibo
2018-08-02 14:46       ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-03 14:20         ` Alan Cox
2018-08-03 14:55           ` Jerome Glisse
2018-08-06  1:26           ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02  2:59 ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-02  3:40   ` Kenneth Lee
2018-08-02  4:36     ` Tian, Kevin
2018-08-02  5:35       ` Kenneth Lee

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