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From: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: mingo@kernel.org, jiangshanlai@gmail.com, dipankar@in.ibm.com,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org, mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com,
	josh@joshtriplett.org, tglx@linutronix.de, peterz@infradead.org,
	rostedt@goodmis.org, dhowells@redhat.com, edumazet@google.com,
	fweisbec@gmail.com, oleg@redhat.com, joel@joelfernandes.org,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: [PATCH tip/core/rcu 06/19] rcu: Add warning to detect half-interrupts
Date: Wed, 29 Aug 2018 15:20:34 -0700
Message-ID: <20180829222047.319-6-paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180829222021.GA29944@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

RCU's dyntick-idle code is written to tolerate half-interrupts, that it,
either an interrupt that invokes rcu_irq_enter() but never invokes the
corresponding rcu_irq_exit() on the one hand, or an interrupt that never
invokes rcu_irq_enter() but does invoke the "corresponding" rcu_irq_exit()
on the other.  These things really did happen at one time, as evidenced
by this ca-2011 LKML post:

http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20111014170019.GE2428@linux.vnet.ibm.com

The reason why RCU tolerates half-interrupts is that usermode helpers
used exceptions to invoke a system call from within the kernel such that
the system call did a normal return (not a return from exception) to
the calling context.  This caused rcu_irq_enter() to be invoked without
a matching rcu_irq_exit().  However, usermode helpers have since been
rewritten to make much more housebroken use of workqueues, kernel threads,
and do_execve(), and therefore should no longer produce half-interrupts.
No one knows of any other source of half-interrupts, but then again,
no one seems insane enough to go audit the entire kernel to verify that
half-interrupts really are a relic of the past.

This commit therefore adds a pair of WARN_ON_ONCE() calls that will
trigger in the presence of half interrupts, which the code will continue
to handle correctly.  If neither of these WARN_ON_ONCE() trigger by
mid-2021, then perhaps RCU can stop handling half-interrupts, which
would be a considerable simplification.

Reported-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Reported-by: Joel Fernandes <joel@joelfernandes.org>
Reported-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
---
 kernel/rcu/tree.c | 2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index dc041c2afbcc..d2b6ade692c9 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -714,6 +714,7 @@ static void rcu_eqs_enter(bool user)
 	struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp;
 
 	rdtp = this_cpu_ptr(&rcu_dynticks);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting != DYNTICK_IRQ_NONIDLE);
 	WRITE_ONCE(rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, 0);
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) &&
 		     rdtp->dynticks_nesting == 0);
@@ -895,6 +896,7 @@ static void rcu_eqs_exit(bool user)
 	trace_rcu_dyntick(TPS("End"), rdtp->dynticks_nesting, 1, rdtp->dynticks);
 	WARN_ON_ONCE(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_EQS_DEBUG) && !user && !is_idle_task(current));
 	WRITE_ONCE(rdtp->dynticks_nesting, 1);
+	WARN_ON_ONCE(rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting);
 	WRITE_ONCE(rdtp->dynticks_nmi_nesting, DYNTICK_IRQ_NONIDLE);
 }
 
-- 
2.17.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 49+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-08-29 22:20 [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/19] RCU flavor-consolidation changes for v4.20/v5.0 Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 01/19] rcu: Refactor rcu_{nmi,irq}_{enter,exit}() Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-30 18:10   ` Steven Rostedt
2018-08-30 23:02     ` Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-31  2:25     ` Byungchul Park
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 02/19] rcu: Defer reporting RCU-preempt quiescent states when disabled Paul E. McKenney
2018-10-29 11:24   ` Ran Rozenstein
2018-10-29 14:27     ` Paul E. McKenney
2018-10-30  3:44       ` Joel Fernandes
2018-10-30 12:58         ` Paul E. McKenney
2018-10-30 22:21           ` Joel Fernandes
2018-10-31 18:22             ` Paul E. McKenney
2018-11-02 19:43               ` Paul E. McKenney
2018-11-26 13:55                 ` Ran Rozenstein
2018-11-26 19:00                   ` Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 03/19] rcutorture: Test extended "rcu" read-side critical sections Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 04/19] rcu: Allow processing deferred QSes for exiting RCU-preempt readers Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 05/19] rcu: Remove now-unused ->b.exp_need_qs field from the rcu_special union Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` Paul E. McKenney [this message]
2019-03-11 13:39   ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 06/19] rcu: Add warning to detect half-interrupts Joel Fernandes
2019-03-11 22:29     ` Paul E. McKenney
2019-03-12 15:05       ` Joel Fernandes
2019-03-12 15:20         ` Paul E. McKenney
2019-03-13 15:09           ` Joel Fernandes
2019-03-13 15:27             ` Steven Rostedt
2019-03-13 15:51               ` Paul E. McKenney
2019-03-13 16:51                 ` Steven Rostedt
2019-03-13 18:07                   ` Paul E. McKenney
2019-03-14 12:31                     ` Joel Fernandes
2019-03-14 13:36                       ` Steven Rostedt
2019-03-14 13:37                         ` Steven Rostedt
2019-03-14 21:27                           ` Joel Fernandes
2019-03-15  7:31     ` Byungchul Park
2019-03-15  7:44       ` Byungchul Park
2019-03-15 13:46         ` Joel Fernandes
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 07/19] rcu: Apply RCU-bh QSes to RCU-sched and RCU-preempt when safe Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 08/19] rcu: Report expedited grace periods at context-switch time Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 09/19] rcu: Define RCU-bh update API in terms of RCU Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 10/19] rcu: Update comments and help text for no more RCU-bh updaters Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 11/19] rcu: Drop "wake" parameter from rcu_report_exp_rdp() Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 12/19] rcu: Fix typo in rcu_get_gp_kthreads_prio() header comment Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 13/19] rcu: Define RCU-sched API in terms of RCU for Tree RCU PREEMPT builds Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 14/19] rcu: Express Tiny RCU updates in terms of RCU rather than RCU-sched Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 15/19] rcu: Remove RCU_STATE_INITIALIZER() Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 16/19] rcu: Eliminate rcu_state structure's ->call field Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 17/19] rcu: Remove rcu_state structure's ->rda field Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 18/19] rcu: Remove rcu_state_p pointer to default rcu_state structure Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:20 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 19/19] rcu: Remove rcu_data_p pointer to default rcu_data structure Paul E. McKenney
2018-08-29 22:22 ` [PATCH tip/core/rcu 0/19] RCU flavor-consolidation changes for v4.20/v5.0 Paul E. McKenney

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