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* [PATCH] Kbuild: Hide Clang's -Wempty-body behind W=1
@ 2018-10-16  2:14 Nathan Chancellor
  2018-10-17  4:48 ` Masahiro Yamada
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Nathan Chancellor @ 2018-10-16  2:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Masahiro Yamada, Michal Marek
  Cc: linux-kbuild, linux-kernel, Nick Desaulniers, Kees Cook,
	Nathan Chancellor

There are only a few instances of this warning in an arm64 allyesconfig
build but none of them appear useful. I believe the intention of the
warning is to avoid situations like this:

if (condition);
        statement;

where the user really intended

if (condition)
        statement;

However, these instances have already been caught by GCC's warning about
misleading indentation so the remaining warnings are about loops that
fall into one of three categories:

1. Execute a function unconditionally (avoiding a useless variable to
   hold the return value):

drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c:131:34: warning: if statement has empty body
[-Wempty-body]
        if (Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1));
                                        ^

2. Advancing a value to be used later on in the function like a pointer
   or a count:

drivers/atm/eni.c:244:48: warning: for loop has empty body
[-Wempty-body]
        for (order = 0; (1 << order) < *size; order++);
                                                      ^

3. Busy waiting:

drivers/atm/zatm.c:513:7: warning: while loop has empty body
[-Wempty-body]
        zwait;
             ^

None of these uses are problematic or need to be addressed. Clang
suggests moving the semi-colon to the next line to silence these
warnings but that defeats the purpose of the compact nature of these
constructs so just hide the warning behind W=1 so its use can still be
audited but it won't polute a regular build.

Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/42
Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/66
Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
---
 scripts/Makefile.extrawarn | 2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
index cf6cd0ef6975..8709d9d6faf1 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
 # are not supported by all versions of the compiler
 # ==========================================================================
 
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, empty-body)
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, packed-not-aligned)
 
 ifeq ("$(origin W)", "command line")
@@ -32,6 +33,7 @@ warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wpacked-not-aligned)
 warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wstringop-truncation)
 warning-1 += $(call cc-disable-warning, missing-field-initializers)
 warning-1 += $(call cc-disable-warning, sign-compare)
+warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wempty-body)
 
 warning-2 := -Waggregate-return
 warning-2 += -Wcast-align
-- 
2.19.1


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] Kbuild: Hide Clang's -Wempty-body behind W=1
  2018-10-16  2:14 [PATCH] Kbuild: Hide Clang's -Wempty-body behind W=1 Nathan Chancellor
@ 2018-10-17  4:48 ` Masahiro Yamada
  2018-10-17  5:02   ` Nathan Chancellor
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 3+ messages in thread
From: Masahiro Yamada @ 2018-10-17  4:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Nathan Chancellor
  Cc: Michal Marek, Linux Kbuild mailing list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Nick Desaulniers, Kees Cook

Hi Nathan,


On Tue, Oct 16, 2018 at 11:15 AM Nathan Chancellor
<natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> There are only a few instances of this warning in an arm64 allyesconfig
> build but none of them appear useful. I believe the intention of the
> warning is to avoid situations like this:
>
> if (condition);
>         statement;
>
> where the user really intended
>
> if (condition)
>         statement;
>
> However, these instances have already been caught by GCC's warning about
> misleading indentation


Right, the example above is caught by -Wmisleading-indentation.

However, the following is not.

   if (condition)
          ;



So, -Wempty-body is a kind of different thing,
and still useful in my opinion.



> so the remaining warnings are about loops that
> fall into one of three categories:
>
> 1. Execute a function unconditionally (avoiding a useless variable to
>    hold the return value):
>
> drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c:131:34: warning: if statement has empty body
> [-Wempty-body]
>         if (Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1));


I think this is a real bug,
then -Wempty-body finally caught it.
(but -Wmisleading-indentation cannot catch it.)



It is wrong to enclose a non-effective statement with 'if ();'
just for suppressing another warning.



     Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1);

would emit this warning.


In file included from drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c:20:0:
drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c: In function ‘reset_hfcpci’:
drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.h:232:25: warning: statement with no effect
[-Wunused-value]
 #define Read_hfc(a, b) (*(((u_char *)a->hw.hfcpci.pci_io) + b))
                        ~^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c:131:2: note: in expansion of macro ‘Read_hfc’
  Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1);
  ^~~~~~~~



The root cause is missing 'volatile'
while Read_hfc() is supposed to read out a HW register.



#define Read_hfc(a, b) (*(((volatile u_char *)a->hw.hfcpci.pci_io) + b))

will be a correct fix.
(or just use a standard accessor like readb(), ioread8(), etc.)




if (Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1));

is optimized out by the compiler, so it is not working as expected.



>
> 2. Advancing a value to be used later on in the function like a pointer
>    or a count:
>
> drivers/atm/eni.c:244:48: warning: for loop has empty body
> [-Wempty-body]
>         for (order = 0; (1 << order) < *size; order++);
>                                                       ^

As you noted in the commit log,
Clang's -Wempty-body cares the location of a semi-colon,
while GCC's one does not.





   for (order = 0; (1 << order) < *size; order++)
             ;

is fine, and more readable in my opinion.




> 3. Busy waiting:
>
> drivers/atm/zatm.c:513:7: warning: while loop has empty body
> [-Wempty-body]
>         zwait;
>              ^


Again, Clang is fine with an empty body in while() loop,
but just picky about the semi-colon location.

For this particular case, how about something like this?


#define zwait  do {} while (zin(CMR) & uPD98401_BUSY)





I think an even better fix is

#define zwait()  do {} while (zin(CMR) & uPD98401_BUSY)



then, fix-up all

   zwait;

to

   zwait();






> None of these uses are problematic or need to be addressed.


The first pattern is really problematic, and need to be addressed.

I want to keep -Wempty-body enabled
to find out potential issues.

Please let me know if you see other patterns difficult to fix.





> Clang
> suggests moving the semi-colon to the next line to silence these
> warnings but that defeats the purpose of the compact nature of these
> constructs so just hide the warning behind W=1 so its use can still be
> audited but it won't polute a regular build.
>
> Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/42
> Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/66
> Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
> ---
>  scripts/Makefile.extrawarn | 2 ++
>  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> index cf6cd0ef6975..8709d9d6faf1 100644
> --- a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> +++ b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
>  # are not supported by all versions of the compiler
>  # ==========================================================================
>
> +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, empty-body)
>  KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, packed-not-aligned)
>
>  ifeq ("$(origin W)", "command line")
> @@ -32,6 +33,7 @@ warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wpacked-not-aligned)
>  warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wstringop-truncation)
>  warning-1 += $(call cc-disable-warning, missing-field-initializers)
>  warning-1 += $(call cc-disable-warning, sign-compare)
> +warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wempty-body)
>
>  warning-2 := -Waggregate-return
>  warning-2 += -Wcast-align
> --
> 2.19.1
>


-- 
Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] Kbuild: Hide Clang's -Wempty-body behind W=1
  2018-10-17  4:48 ` Masahiro Yamada
@ 2018-10-17  5:02   ` Nathan Chancellor
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 3+ messages in thread
From: Nathan Chancellor @ 2018-10-17  5:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Masahiro Yamada
  Cc: Michal Marek, Linux Kbuild mailing list,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Nick Desaulniers, Kees Cook

Hi Masahiro,

On Wed, Oct 17, 2018 at 01:48:46PM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> Hi Nathan,
> 
> 
> On Tue, Oct 16, 2018 at 11:15 AM Nathan Chancellor
> <natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
> >
> > There are only a few instances of this warning in an arm64 allyesconfig
> > build but none of them appear useful. I believe the intention of the
> > warning is to avoid situations like this:
> >
> > if (condition);
> >         statement;
> >
> > where the user really intended
> >
> > if (condition)
> >         statement;
> >
> > However, these instances have already been caught by GCC's warning about
> > misleading indentation
> 
> 
> Right, the example above is caught by -Wmisleading-indentation.
> 
> However, the following is not.
> 
>    if (condition)
>           ;
> 
> 
> 
> So, -Wempty-body is a kind of different thing,
> and still useful in my opinion.
> 
> 
> 
> > so the remaining warnings are about loops that
> > fall into one of three categories:
> >
> > 1. Execute a function unconditionally (avoiding a useless variable to
> >    hold the return value):
> >
> > drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c:131:34: warning: if statement has empty body
> > [-Wempty-body]
> >         if (Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1));
> 
> 
> I think this is a real bug,
> then -Wempty-body finally caught it.
> (but -Wmisleading-indentation cannot catch it.)
> 
> 
> 
> It is wrong to enclose a non-effective statement with 'if ();'
> just for suppressing another warning.
> 
> 
> 
>      Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1);
> 
> would emit this warning.
> 
> 
> In file included from drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c:20:0:
> drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c: In function ‘reset_hfcpci’:
> drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.h:232:25: warning: statement with no effect
> [-Wunused-value]
>  #define Read_hfc(a, b) (*(((u_char *)a->hw.hfcpci.pci_io) + b))
>                         ~^~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> drivers/isdn/hisax/hfc_pci.c:131:2: note: in expansion of macro ‘Read_hfc’
>   Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1);
>   ^~~~~~~~
> 
> 
> 
> The root cause is missing 'volatile'
> while Read_hfc() is supposed to read out a HW register.
> 
> 
> 
> #define Read_hfc(a, b) (*(((volatile u_char *)a->hw.hfcpci.pci_io) + b))
> 
> will be a correct fix.
> (or just use a standard accessor like readb(), ioread8(), etc.)
> 
> 
> 
> 
> if (Read_hfc(cs, HFCPCI_INT_S1));
> 
> is optimized out by the compiler, so it is not working as expected.
> 
> 
> 
> >
> > 2. Advancing a value to be used later on in the function like a pointer
> >    or a count:
> >
> > drivers/atm/eni.c:244:48: warning: for loop has empty body
> > [-Wempty-body]
> >         for (order = 0; (1 << order) < *size; order++);
> >                                                       ^
> 
> As you noted in the commit log,
> Clang's -Wempty-body cares the location of a semi-colon,
> while GCC's one does not.
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
>    for (order = 0; (1 << order) < *size; order++)
>              ;
> 
> is fine, and more readable in my opinion.
> 
> 
> 
> 
> > 3. Busy waiting:
> >
> > drivers/atm/zatm.c:513:7: warning: while loop has empty body
> > [-Wempty-body]
> >         zwait;
> >              ^
> 
> 
> Again, Clang is fine with an empty body in while() loop,
> but just picky about the semi-colon location.
> 
> For this particular case, how about something like this?
> 
> 
> #define zwait  do {} while (zin(CMR) & uPD98401_BUSY)
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> I think an even better fix is
> 
> #define zwait()  do {} while (zin(CMR) & uPD98401_BUSY)
> 
> 
> 
> then, fix-up all
> 
>    zwait;
> 
> to
> 
>    zwait();
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> > None of these uses are problematic or need to be addressed.
> 
> 
> The first pattern is really problematic, and need to be addressed.
> 
> I want to keep -Wempty-body enabled
> to find out potential issues.
> 
> Please let me know if you see other patterns difficult to fix.
> 
> 
> 

Thank you very much for the quick feedback, this all sounds reasonable.
I will go ahead and dig into these further and send out patches to
address them.

Much appreciated,
Nathan

> 
> 
> > Clang
> > suggests moving the semi-colon to the next line to silence these
> > warnings but that defeats the purpose of the compact nature of these
> > constructs so just hide the warning behind W=1 so its use can still be
> > audited but it won't polute a regular build.
> >
> > Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/42
> > Link: https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/66
> > Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
> > ---
> >  scripts/Makefile.extrawarn | 2 ++
> >  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
> >
> > diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> > index cf6cd0ef6975..8709d9d6faf1 100644
> > --- a/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> > +++ b/scripts/Makefile.extrawarn
> > @@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
> >  # are not supported by all versions of the compiler
> >  # ==========================================================================
> >
> > +KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, empty-body)
> >  KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, packed-not-aligned)
> >
> >  ifeq ("$(origin W)", "command line")
> > @@ -32,6 +33,7 @@ warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wpacked-not-aligned)
> >  warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wstringop-truncation)
> >  warning-1 += $(call cc-disable-warning, missing-field-initializers)
> >  warning-1 += $(call cc-disable-warning, sign-compare)
> > +warning-1 += $(call cc-option, -Wempty-body)
> >
> >  warning-2 := -Waggregate-return
> >  warning-2 += -Wcast-align
> > --
> > 2.19.1
> >
> 
> 
> -- 
> Best Regards
> Masahiro Yamada

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 3+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2018-10-17  5:03 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 3+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
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2018-10-16  2:14 [PATCH] Kbuild: Hide Clang's -Wempty-body behind W=1 Nathan Chancellor
2018-10-17  4:48 ` Masahiro Yamada
2018-10-17  5:02   ` Nathan Chancellor

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