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From: Sean Young <sean@mess.org>
To: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+samsung@kernel.org>
Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>,
	Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>,
	Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@kernel.org>,
	linux-media@vger.kernel.org, LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] [media] dib7000p: Remove dead code
Date: Tue, 4 Dec 2018 10:26:40 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20181204102639.3qsvfxrzmsvybiop@gofer.mess.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180917193936.33e90d5a@coco.lan>

On Mon, Sep 17, 2018 at 07:39:36PM -0300, Mauro Carvalho Chehab wrote:
> Em Mon, 17 Sep 2018 10:58:32 -0700
> Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com> escreveu:
> 
> > On Fri, Sep 14, 2018 at 10:47 PM Nathan Chancellor
> > <natechancellor@gmail.com> wrote:
> > >
> > > Clang warns that 'interleaving' is assigned to itself in this function.
> > >
> > > drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c:1874:15: warning: explicitly
> > > assigning value of variable of type 'int' to itself [-Wself-assign]
> > >         interleaving = interleaving;
> > >         ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ^ ~~~~~~~~~~~~
> > > 1 warning generated.
> > >
> > > It's correct. Just removing the self-assignment would sufficiently hide
> > > the warning but all of this code is dead because 'tmp' is zero due to
> > > being multiplied by zero. This doesn't appear to be an issue with
> > > dib8000, which this code was copied from in commit 041ad449683b
> > > ("[media] dib7000p: Add DVBv5 stats support").
> > >
> > > Reported-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
> > > ---
> > >  drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c | 10 ++--------
> > >  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c b/drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c
> > > index 58387860b62d..25843658fc68 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c
> > > @@ -1800,9 +1800,8 @@ static u32 dib7000p_get_time_us(struct dvb_frontend *demod)  
> > 
> > Something looks wrong here (with this function).  The patch is no
> > functional change, since as you point out `interleaving` is
> > initialized to 0, then never updated before read, but I think there's
> > an underlying bug here that should be fixed differently.  Thanks for
> > the patch though, as it does raise the question.
> > 
> > dib7000p_get_time_us has this comment above it:
> > 
> >   1798 /* FIXME: may require changes - this one was borrowed from
> > dib8000 */
> 
> The goal of dib7000p_get_time_us() is to estimate how much time it
> takes, with current tuning parameters, to have a certain number of
> DVB-T packets. This is used for block error count. That's said,
> on a quick look, it seems that the code is not right on many ways.
> 
> It should be aligned with the amount of data it is required for
> dib7000 to update the block/bit error counters. There are two kinds
> of implementation:
> 
> 1) the frontend has an internal counter that it is shifted and made
>    available to the driver after a certain amount of received data
>    (usually in the order of 10^5 to 10^7 bits);
> 
> 2) the frontend has an internal timer that shifts the data from its
>    internal counter after a certain amount of time (usually at the
>    seconds range).
> 
> Different vendors opt for either one of the strategy. Some updates
> a counter with the amount of bits taken. Unfortunately, this is not
> the case of those dib* frontends. So, the Kernel has to estimate
> it, based on the tuning parameters.
> 
> From the code, it seems that, for block errors, it waits for 1,250,000
> bits to arrive (e. g. about 766 packets), so, it uses type (1) strategy:
> 
>                 /* Estimate the number of packets based on bitrate */
>                 if (!time_us)
>                         time_us = dib7000p_get_time_us(demod);
> 
>                 if (time_us) {
>                         blocks = 1250000ULL * 1000000ULL;	// the multiply here is to convert to microsseconds...
>                         do_div(blocks, time_us * 8 * 204);	// As here it divides by the time in microsseconds
>                         c->block_count.stat[0].scale = FE_SCALE_COUNTER;
>                         c->block_count.stat[0].uvalue += blocks;
>                 }
> 
> For BER, the logic assumes that the bit error count should be divided
> by 10^-8:
> 
>                 c->post_bit_count.stat[0].uvalue += 100000000;
> 
> and the counter is updated every second. So, it uses (2).
> 
> > 
> > Wondering if it has the same bug, it seems it does not:
> > drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib8000.c#dib8000_get_time_us():3986
> > 
> > dib8000_get_time_us() seems to loop over multiple layers, and then
> > assigns interleaving to the final layers interleaving (that looks like
> > loop invariant code to me).
> > 
> > Mauro, should dib7000p_get_time_us() use c->layer[???].interleaving?
> 
> I don't think that time interleaving would affect the bit rate.
> I suspect that the dead code on dib8000 is just a dead code.
> 
> > I don't see a single reference to `layer` in
> > drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c.
> 
> Layers are specific for ISDB-T, but I think DVB-T (or at least DVB-T2)
> may use time interleaving. 
> 
> Yet, as I said, the goal is to estimate the streaming bit rate. 
> 
> I don't remember anymore from where the dib8000 formula came.
> 
> My guts tell that time interleaving shouldn't do much changes (if any)
> to the bit rate. I suspect that removing the dead code is likely
> OK, but I'll try to see if I can find something related to where this
> formula came.

So we have two issues. One is the clang issue and clearly the code needs
fixing up. The second issue is that we're not sure about the algorithm;
I've been reading up on mpeg-ts but I'm not anywhere near getting to an
answer on this.

How about we merge a patch which just fixes the clang issue and leave
the rest of the code as-is for now?

Thanks,

Sean

---
From c6e4c5f514c38511d2054c69f7b103e98c520af4 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Sean Young <sean@mess.org>
Date: Tue, 4 Dec 2018 09:59:10 +0000
Subject: [PATCH v2] media: dib7000p: Remove dead code

Clang warns that 'interleaving' is assigned to itself in this function.

drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c:1874:15: warning: explicitly
assigning value of variable of type 'int' to itself [-Wself-assign]
        interleaving = interleaving;
        ~~~~~~~~~~~~ ^ ~~~~~~~~~~~~
1 warning generated.

Just remove the self-assign and leave existing code in place for now.

Reported-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Young <sean@mess.org>
---
 drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c | 2 --
 1 file changed, 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c b/drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c
index 58387860b62d..cd84320c61c9 100644
--- a/drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c
+++ b/drivers/media/dvb-frontends/dib7000p.c
@@ -1871,8 +1871,6 @@ static u32 dib7000p_get_time_us(struct dvb_frontend *demod)
 		break;
 	}
 
-	interleaving = interleaving;
-
 	denom = bits_per_symbol * rate_num * fft_div * 384;
 
 	/* If calculus gets wrong, wait for 1s for the next stats */
-- 
2.19.2


  parent reply	other threads:[~2018-12-04 10:26 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-09-15  5:47 [PATCH] [media] dib7000p: Remove dead code Nathan Chancellor
2018-09-17 17:58 ` Nick Desaulniers
2018-09-17 22:39   ` Mauro Carvalho Chehab
2018-09-19 18:55     ` Nick Desaulniers
2018-10-25 18:09     ` Nathan Chancellor
2018-12-04 10:26     ` Sean Young [this message]
2018-12-04 11:57       ` Mauro Carvalho Chehab
2018-12-04 13:39         ` Sean Young
2018-12-04 18:54           ` Nick Desaulniers
2018-12-04 19:04           ` Nathan Chancellor

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