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From: Miguel Ojeda <>
To: Jessica Yu <>
Cc: Laura Abbott <>,
	Martin Sebor <>,
Subject: [PATCH v2] include/linux/module.h: mark init/cleanup_module aliases as __init/exit
Date: Wed, 6 Feb 2019 18:56:27 +0100
Message-ID: <> (raw)

The upcoming GCC 9 release extends the -Wmissing-attributes warnings
(enabled by -Wall) to C and aliases: it warns when particular function
attributes are missing in the aliases but not in their target.

In particular, it triggers for all the init/cleanup_module
aliases in the kernel (defined by the module_init/exit macros),
ending up being very noisy.

These aliases point to the __init/__exit functions of a module,
which are defined as __cold (among other attributes). However,
the aliases themselves do not have the __cold attribute.

Since the compiler behaves differently when compiling a __cold
function as well as when compiling paths leading to calls
to __cold functions, the warning is trying to point out
the possibly-forgotten attribute in the alias.

In order to keep the warning enabled, we choose to silence
the warning by marking the aliases as __init/__exit.

Note that the warning would go away marking either the extern
declaration, the definition, or both. However, we only mark
the definition of the alias, since we do not want callers
(which only see the declaration) to be compiled as if the function
was __cold (and therefore the paths leading to those calls
would be assumed to be unlikely).

Suggested-by: Martin Sebor <>
Tested-by: Laura Abbott <>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <>
The new version I pushed for -next.

 include/linux/module.h | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
index 8fa38d3e7538..1b5e370f1bc0 100644
--- a/include/linux/module.h
+++ b/include/linux/module.h
@@ -129,13 +129,13 @@ extern void cleanup_module(void);
 #define module_init(initfn)					\
 	static inline initcall_t __maybe_unused __inittest(void)		\
 	{ return initfn; }					\
-	int init_module(void) __attribute__((alias(#initfn)));
+	int init_module(void) __init __attribute__((alias(#initfn)));
 /* This is only required if you want to be unloadable. */
 #define module_exit(exitfn)					\
 	static inline exitcall_t __maybe_unused __exittest(void)		\
 	{ return exitfn; }					\
-	void cleanup_module(void) __attribute__((alias(#exitfn)));
+	void cleanup_module(void) __exit __attribute__((alias(#exitfn)));

             reply index

Thread overview: 4+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-02-06 17:56 Miguel Ojeda [this message]
2019-02-06 21:19 ` Miguel Ojeda
2019-02-07 10:54   ` Jessica Yu
2019-02-08 23:32     ` Miguel Ojeda

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