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* [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 01/27] Add the ability to lock down access to the running kernel image Matthew Garrett
                   ` (26 more replies)
  0 siblings, 27 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris; +Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells

The following changes since commit 468e91cecb3218afd684b8c422490dfebe0691bb:

  keys: fix missing __user in KEYCTL_PKEY_QUERY (2019-03-04 15:48:37 -0800)

are available in the Git repository at:

  https://github.com/mjg59/linux lock_down

for you to fetch changes up to 1c57935ab108280aa79fe4420d4bc13e19bd38e2:

  kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down (2019-03-25 15:00:35 -0700)

This version replaces the original IMA integration with a new approach
tied to IMA architecture policy. It also drops the sysrq patch for now,
since that primarily makes sense in the context of lockdown policy being
automatically enabled based on boot state.

----------------------------------------------------------------
Dave Young (1):
      Copy secure_boot flag in boot params across kexec reboot

David Howells (12):
      Add the ability to lock down access to the running kernel image
      Enforce module signatures if the kernel is locked down
      Prohibit PCMCIA CIS storage when the kernel is locked down
      Lock down TIOCSSERIAL
      Lock down module params that specify hardware parameters (eg. ioport)
      x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module
      Lock down /proc/kcore
      Lock down kprobes
      bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
      Lock down perf
      debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down
      lockdown: Print current->comm in restriction messages

Jiri Bohac (2):
      kexec_file: split KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG into KEXEC_SIG and KEXEC_SIG_FORCE
      kexec_file: Restrict at runtime if the kernel is locked down

Josh Boyer (2):
      hibernate: Disable when the kernel is locked down
      acpi: Ignore acpi_rsdp kernel param when the kernel has been locked down

Linn Crosetto (2):
      acpi: Disable ACPI table override if the kernel is locked down
      acpi: Disable APEI error injection if the kernel is locked down

Matthew Garrett (8):
      Restrict /dev/{mem,kmem,port} when the kernel is locked down
      kexec_load: Disable at runtime if the kernel is locked down
      uswsusp: Disable when the kernel is locked down
      PCI: Lock down BAR access when the kernel is locked down
      x86: Lock down IO port access when the kernel is locked down
      x86/msr: Restrict MSR access when the kernel is locked down
      ACPI: Limit access to custom_method when the kernel is locked down
      kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down

 arch/x86/Kconfig                       | 20 +++++++++---
 arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c               |  6 ++--
 arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c      |  1 +
 arch/x86/kernel/msr.c                  | 10 ++++++
 arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c            |  3 ++
 crypto/asymmetric_keys/verify_pefile.c |  4 ++-
 drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c               |  3 ++
 drivers/acpi/custom_method.c           |  3 ++
 drivers/acpi/osl.c                     |  2 +-
 drivers/acpi/tables.c                  |  5 +++
 drivers/char/mem.c                     |  2 ++
 drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c                |  9 +++++
 drivers/pci/proc.c                     |  9 ++++-
 drivers/pci/syscall.c                  |  3 +-
 drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c                |  3 ++
 drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c       |  6 ++++
 fs/debugfs/file.c                      | 28 ++++++++++++++++
 fs/debugfs/inode.c                     | 30 +++++++++++++++--
 fs/proc/kcore.c                        |  2 ++
 include/linux/ima.h                    |  9 +++++
 include/linux/kernel.h                 | 17 ++++++++++
 include/linux/kexec.h                  |  4 +--
 include/linux/security.h               |  9 ++++-
 kernel/bpf/syscall.c                   |  3 ++
 kernel/events/core.c                   |  5 +++
 kernel/kexec.c                         |  7 ++++
 kernel/kexec_file.c                    | 59 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 kernel/kprobes.c                       |  3 ++
 kernel/module.c                        | 39 ++++++++++++++++++----
 kernel/params.c                        | 26 ++++++++++++---
 kernel/power/hibernate.c               |  2 +-
 kernel/power/user.c                    |  3 ++
 security/Kconfig                       | 15 +++++++++
 security/Makefile                      |  3 ++
 security/integrity/ima/ima.h           |  2 ++
 security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c      |  2 +-
 security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c    | 50 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 security/lock_down.c                   | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 38 files changed, 430 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 security/lock_down.c



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 01/27] Add the ability to lock down access to the running kernel image
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-26  5:30   ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 02/27] Enforce module signatures if the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
                   ` (25 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, James Morris,
	Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Provide a single call to allow kernel code to determine whether the system
should be locked down, thereby disallowing various accesses that might
allow the running kernel image to be changed including the loading of
modules that aren't validly signed with a key we recognise, fiddling with
MSR registers and disallowing hibernation.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Acked-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 include/linux/kernel.h   | 17 ++++++++++++
 include/linux/security.h |  9 +++++-
 security/Kconfig         | 15 ++++++++++
 security/Makefile        |  3 ++
 security/lock_down.c     | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 103 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 security/lock_down.c

diff --git a/include/linux/kernel.h b/include/linux/kernel.h
index 8f0e68e250a7..833bf32ce4e6 100644
--- a/include/linux/kernel.h
+++ b/include/linux/kernel.h
@@ -340,6 +340,23 @@ static inline void refcount_error_report(struct pt_regs *regs, const char *err)
 { }
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCK_DOWN_KERNEL
+extern bool __kernel_is_locked_down(const char *what, bool first);
+#else
+static inline bool __kernel_is_locked_down(const char *what, bool first)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif
+
+#define kernel_is_locked_down(what)					\
+	({								\
+		static bool message_given;				\
+		bool locked_down = __kernel_is_locked_down(what, !message_given); \
+		message_given = true;					\
+		locked_down;						\
+	})
+
 /* Internal, do not use. */
 int __must_check _kstrtoul(const char *s, unsigned int base, unsigned long *res);
 int __must_check _kstrtol(const char *s, unsigned int base, long *res);
diff --git a/include/linux/security.h b/include/linux/security.h
index 13537a49ae97..b290946341a4 100644
--- a/include/linux/security.h
+++ b/include/linux/security.h
@@ -1798,5 +1798,12 @@ static inline void security_bpf_prog_free(struct bpf_prog_aux *aux)
 #endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY */
 #endif /* CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL */
 
-#endif /* ! __LINUX_SECURITY_H */
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCK_DOWN_KERNEL
+extern void __init init_lockdown(void);
+#else
+static inline void __init init_lockdown(void)
+{
+}
+#endif
 
+#endif /* ! __LINUX_SECURITY_H */
diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
index 1d6463fb1450..47dc3403b5af 100644
--- a/security/Kconfig
+++ b/security/Kconfig
@@ -229,6 +229,21 @@ config STATIC_USERMODEHELPER_PATH
 	  If you wish for all usermode helper programs to be disabled,
 	  specify an empty string here (i.e. "").
 
+config LOCK_DOWN_KERNEL
+	bool "Allow the kernel to be 'locked down'"
+	help
+	  Allow the kernel to be locked down. If lockdown support is enabled
+	  and activated, the kernel will impose additional restrictions
+	  intended to prevent uid 0 from being able to modify the running
+	  kernel. This may break userland applications that rely on low-level
+	  access to hardware.
+
+config LOCK_DOWN_KERNEL_FORCE
+        bool "Enable kernel lockdown mode automatically"
+        depends on LOCK_DOWN_KERNEL
+        help
+          Enable the kernel lock down functionality automatically at boot.
+
 source "security/selinux/Kconfig"
 source "security/smack/Kconfig"
 source "security/tomoyo/Kconfig"
diff --git a/security/Makefile b/security/Makefile
index c598b904938f..5ff090149c88 100644
--- a/security/Makefile
+++ b/security/Makefile
@@ -32,3 +32,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CGROUP_DEVICE)		+= device_cgroup.o
 # Object integrity file lists
 subdir-$(CONFIG_INTEGRITY)		+= integrity
 obj-$(CONFIG_INTEGRITY)			+= integrity/
+
+# Allow the kernel to be locked down
+obj-$(CONFIG_LOCK_DOWN_KERNEL)		+= lock_down.o
diff --git a/security/lock_down.c b/security/lock_down.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..18d8776a4d02
--- /dev/null
+++ b/security/lock_down.c
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/* Lock down the kernel
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/security.h>
+#include <linux/export.h>
+
+static __ro_after_init bool kernel_locked_down;
+
+/*
+ * Put the kernel into lock-down mode.
+ */
+static void __init lock_kernel_down(const char *where)
+{
+	if (!kernel_locked_down) {
+		kernel_locked_down = true;
+		pr_notice("Kernel is locked down from %s; see man kernel_lockdown.7\n",
+			  where);
+	}
+}
+
+static int __init lockdown_param(char *ignored)
+{
+	lock_kernel_down("command line");
+	return 0;
+}
+
+early_param("lockdown", lockdown_param);
+
+/*
+ * Lock the kernel down from very early in the arch setup.  This must happen
+ * prior to things like ACPI being initialised.
+ */
+void __init init_lockdown(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCK_DOWN_FORCE
+	lock_kernel_down("Kernel configuration");
+#endif
+}
+
+/**
+ * kernel_is_locked_down - Find out if the kernel is locked down
+ * @what: Tag to use in notice generated if lockdown is in effect
+ */
+bool __kernel_is_locked_down(const char *what, bool first)
+{
+	if (what && first && kernel_locked_down)
+		pr_notice("Lockdown: %s is restricted; see man kernel_lockdown.7\n",
+			  what);
+	return kernel_locked_down;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kernel_is_locked_down);
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 02/27] Enforce module signatures if the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 01/27] Add the ability to lock down access to the running kernel image Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 03/27] Restrict /dev/{mem,kmem,port} when " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (24 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Jiri Bohac,
	Matthew Garrett, Jessica Yu

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

If the kernel is locked down, require that all modules have valid
signatures that we can verify.

I have adjusted the errors generated:

 (1) If there's no signature (ENODATA) or we can't check it (ENOPKG,
     ENOKEY), then:

     (a) If signatures are enforced then EKEYREJECTED is returned.

     (b) If there's no signature or we can't check it, but the kernel is
	 locked down then EPERM is returned (this is then consistent with
	 other lockdown cases).

 (2) If the signature is unparseable (EBADMSG, EINVAL), the signature fails
     the check (EKEYREJECTED) or a system error occurs (eg. ENOMEM), we
     return the error we got.

Note that the X.509 code doesn't check for key expiry as the RTC might not
be valid or might not have been transferred to the kernel's clock yet.

This does not yet integrate with setups that pin module loading to
dm-verity backed filesystems. If lockdown is enabled, loading unsigned
modules from an integrity-assured filesystem will fail.

 [Modified by Matthew Garrett to remove the IMA integration. This will
  be replaced with integration with the IMA architecture policy
  patchset.]

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jiri Bohac <jbohac@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
Cc: Jessica Yu <jeyu@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/module.c | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 32 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index 2ad1b5239910..9a377c6ea200 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -2767,8 +2767,9 @@ static inline void kmemleak_load_module(const struct module *mod,
 #ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG
 static int module_sig_check(struct load_info *info, int flags)
 {
-	int err = -ENOKEY;
+	int err = -ENODATA;
 	const unsigned long markerlen = sizeof(MODULE_SIG_STRING) - 1;
+	const char *reason;
 	const void *mod = info->hdr;
 
 	/*
@@ -2783,16 +2784,40 @@ static int module_sig_check(struct load_info *info, int flags)
 		err = mod_verify_sig(mod, info);
 	}
 
-	if (!err) {
+	switch (err) {
+	case 0:
 		info->sig_ok = true;
 		return 0;
-	}
 
-	/* Not having a signature is only an error if we're strict. */
-	if (err == -ENOKEY && !is_module_sig_enforced())
-		err = 0;
+		/* We don't permit modules to be loaded into trusted kernels
+		 * without a valid signature on them, but if we're not
+		 * enforcing, certain errors are non-fatal.
+		 */
+	case -ENODATA:
+		reason = "Loading of unsigned module";
+		goto decide;
+	case -ENOPKG:
+		reason = "Loading of module with unsupported crypto";
+		goto decide;
+	case -ENOKEY:
+		reason = "Loading of module with unavailable key";
+	decide:
+		if (is_module_sig_enforced()) {
+			pr_notice("%s is rejected\n", reason);
+			return -EKEYREJECTED;
+		}
 
-	return err;
+		if (kernel_is_locked_down(reason))
+			return -EPERM;
+		return 0;
+
+		/* All other errors are fatal, including nomem, unparseable
+		 * signatures and signature check failures - even if signatures
+		 * aren't required.
+		 */
+	default:
+		return err;
+	}
 }
 #else /* !CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */
 static int module_sig_check(struct load_info *info, int flags)
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 03/27] Restrict /dev/{mem,kmem,port} when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 01/27] Add the ability to lock down access to the running kernel image Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 02/27] Enforce module signatures if the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 04/27] kexec_load: Disable at runtime if " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (23 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	Matthew Garrett, x86

From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>

Allowing users to read and write to core kernel memory makes it possible
for the kernel to be subverted, avoiding module loading restrictions, and
also to steal cryptographic information.

Disallow /dev/mem and /dev/kmem from being opened this when the kernel has
been locked down to prevent this.

Also disallow /dev/port from being opened to prevent raw ioport access and
thus DMA from being used to accomplish the same thing.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
---
 drivers/char/mem.c | 2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/char/mem.c b/drivers/char/mem.c
index b08dc50f9f26..0a2f2e75d5f4 100644
--- a/drivers/char/mem.c
+++ b/drivers/char/mem.c
@@ -786,6 +786,8 @@ static loff_t memory_lseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int orig)
 
 static int open_port(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 {
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("/dev/mem,kmem,port"))
+		return -EPERM;
 	return capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) ? 0 : -EPERM;
 }
 
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 04/27] kexec_load: Disable at runtime if the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 03/27] Restrict /dev/{mem,kmem,port} when " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 05/27] Copy secure_boot flag in boot params across kexec reboot Matthew Garrett
                   ` (22 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	Dave Young, kexec, Matthew Garrett

From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>

The kexec_load() syscall permits the loading and execution of arbitrary
code in ring 0, which is something that lock-down is meant to prevent. It
makes sense to disable kexec_load() in this situation.

This does not affect kexec_file_load() syscall which can check for a
signature on the image to be booted.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
cc: kexec@lists.infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 kernel/kexec.c | 7 +++++++
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/kexec.c b/kernel/kexec.c
index 68559808fdfa..8ea0ce31271f 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec.c
@@ -207,6 +207,13 @@ static inline int kexec_load_check(unsigned long nr_segments,
 	if (result < 0)
 		return result;
 
+	/*
+	 * kexec can be used to circumvent module loading restrictions, so
+	 * prevent loading in that case
+	 */
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("kexec of unsigned images"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	/*
 	 * Verify we have a legal set of flags
 	 * This leaves us room for future extensions.
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 05/27] Copy secure_boot flag in boot params across kexec reboot
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 04/27] kexec_load: Disable at runtime if " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 06/27] kexec_file: split KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG into KEXEC_SIG and KEXEC_SIG_FORCE Matthew Garrett
                   ` (21 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Dave Young, kexec,
	Matthew Garrett

From: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>

Kexec reboot in case secure boot being enabled does not keep the secure
boot mode in new kernel, so later one can load unsigned kernel via legacy
kexec_load.  In this state, the system is missing the protections provided
by secure boot.

Adding a patch to fix this by retain the secure_boot flag in original
kernel.

secure_boot flag in boot_params is set in EFI stub, but kexec bypasses the
stub.  Fixing this issue by copying secure_boot flag across kexec reboot.

Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: kexec@lists.infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c | 1 +
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c
index 278cd07228dd..d49554b948fd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c
@@ -179,6 +179,7 @@ setup_efi_state(struct boot_params *params, unsigned long params_load_addr,
 	if (efi_enabled(EFI_OLD_MEMMAP))
 		return 0;
 
+	params->secure_boot = boot_params.secure_boot;
 	ei->efi_loader_signature = current_ei->efi_loader_signature;
 	ei->efi_systab = current_ei->efi_systab;
 	ei->efi_systab_hi = current_ei->efi_systab_hi;
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 06/27] kexec_file: split KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG into KEXEC_SIG and KEXEC_SIG_FORCE
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 05/27] Copy secure_boot flag in boot params across kexec reboot Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 07/27] kexec_file: Restrict at runtime if the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
                   ` (20 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Jiri Bohac, kexec,
	Matthew Garrett

From: Jiri Bohac <jbohac@suse.cz>

This is a preparatory patch for kexec_file_load() lockdown.  A locked down
kernel needs to prevent unsigned kernel images from being loaded with
kexec_file_load().  Currently, the only way to force the signature
verification is compiling with KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG.  This prevents loading
usigned images even when the kernel is not locked down at runtime.

This patch splits KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG into KEXEC_SIG and KEXEC_SIG_FORCE.
Analogous to the MODULE_SIG and MODULE_SIG_FORCE for modules, KEXEC_SIG
turns on the signature verification but allows unsigned images to be
loaded.  KEXEC_SIG_FORCE disallows images without a valid signature.

[Modified by David Howells such that:

 (1) verify_pefile_signature() differentiates between no-signature and
     sig-didn't-match in its returned errors.

 (2) kexec fails with EKEYREJECTED and logs an appropriate message if
     signature checking is enforced and an signature is not found, uses
     unsupported crypto or has no matching key.

 (3) kexec fails with EKEYREJECTED if there is a signature for which we
     have a key, but signature doesn't match - even if in non-forcing mode.

 (4) kexec fails with EBADMSG or some other error if there is a signature
     which cannot be parsed - even if in non-forcing mode.

 (5) kexec fails with ELIBBAD if the PE file cannot be parsed to extract
     the signature - even if in non-forcing mode.

]

Signed-off-by: Jiri Bohac <jbohac@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jiri Bohac <jbohac@suse.cz>
cc: kexec@lists.infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 arch/x86/Kconfig                       | 20 ++++++++---
 crypto/asymmetric_keys/verify_pefile.c |  4 ++-
 include/linux/kexec.h                  |  4 +--
 kernel/kexec_file.c                    | 48 ++++++++++++++++++++++----
 4 files changed, 61 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 4b4a7f32b68e..735d04a4b18f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -2016,20 +2016,30 @@ config KEXEC_FILE
 config ARCH_HAS_KEXEC_PURGATORY
 	def_bool KEXEC_FILE
 
-config KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG
+config KEXEC_SIG
 	bool "Verify kernel signature during kexec_file_load() syscall"
 	depends on KEXEC_FILE
 	---help---
-	  This option makes kernel signature verification mandatory for
-	  the kexec_file_load() syscall.
 
-	  In addition to that option, you need to enable signature
+	  This option makes the kexec_file_load() syscall check for a valid
+	  signature of the kernel image.  The image can still be loaded without
+	  a valid signature unless you also enable KEXEC_SIG_FORCE, though if
+	  there's a signature that we can check, then it must be valid.
+
+	  In addition to this option, you need to enable signature
 	  verification for the corresponding kernel image type being
 	  loaded in order for this to work.
 
+config KEXEC_SIG_FORCE
+	bool "Require a valid signature in kexec_file_load() syscall"
+	depends on KEXEC_SIG
+	---help---
+	  This option makes kernel signature verification mandatory for
+	  the kexec_file_load() syscall.
+
 config KEXEC_BZIMAGE_VERIFY_SIG
 	bool "Enable bzImage signature verification support"
-	depends on KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG
+	depends on KEXEC_SIG
 	depends on SIGNED_PE_FILE_VERIFICATION
 	select SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING
 	---help---
diff --git a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/verify_pefile.c b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/verify_pefile.c
index d178650fd524..4473cea1e877 100644
--- a/crypto/asymmetric_keys/verify_pefile.c
+++ b/crypto/asymmetric_keys/verify_pefile.c
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@ static int pefile_parse_binary(const void *pebuf, unsigned int pelen,
 
 	if (!ddir->certs.virtual_address || !ddir->certs.size) {
 		pr_debug("Unsigned PE binary\n");
-		return -EKEYREJECTED;
+		return -ENODATA;
 	}
 
 	chkaddr(ctx->header_size, ddir->certs.virtual_address,
@@ -408,6 +408,8 @@ static int pefile_digest_pe(const void *pebuf, unsigned int pelen,
  *  (*) 0 if at least one signature chain intersects with the keys in the trust
  *	keyring, or:
  *
+ *  (*) -ENODATA if there is no signature present.
+ *
  *  (*) -ENOPKG if a suitable crypto module couldn't be found for a check on a
  *	chain.
  *
diff --git a/include/linux/kexec.h b/include/linux/kexec.h
index b9b1bc5f9669..58b27c7bdc2b 100644
--- a/include/linux/kexec.h
+++ b/include/linux/kexec.h
@@ -125,7 +125,7 @@ typedef void *(kexec_load_t)(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf,
 			     unsigned long cmdline_len);
 typedef int (kexec_cleanup_t)(void *loader_data);
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG
 typedef int (kexec_verify_sig_t)(const char *kernel_buf,
 				 unsigned long kernel_len);
 #endif
@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ struct kexec_file_ops {
 	kexec_probe_t *probe;
 	kexec_load_t *load;
 	kexec_cleanup_t *cleanup;
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG
 	kexec_verify_sig_t *verify_sig;
 #endif
 };
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_file.c b/kernel/kexec_file.c
index f1d0e00a3971..67f3a866eabe 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_file.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_file.c
@@ -90,7 +90,7 @@ int __weak arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
 	return kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default(image);
 }
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG
 static int kexec_image_verify_sig_default(struct kimage *image, void *buf,
 					  unsigned long buf_len)
 {
@@ -188,7 +188,8 @@ kimage_file_prepare_segments(struct kimage *image, int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
 			     const char __user *cmdline_ptr,
 			     unsigned long cmdline_len, unsigned flags)
 {
-	int ret = 0;
+	const char *reason;
+	int ret;
 	void *ldata;
 	loff_t size;
 
@@ -207,15 +208,48 @@ kimage_file_prepare_segments(struct kimage *image, int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
 	if (ret)
 		goto out;
 
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG
 	ret = arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(image, image->kernel_buf,
 					   image->kernel_buf_len);
-	if (ret) {
-		pr_debug("kernel signature verification failed.\n");
+#else
+	ret = -ENODATA;
+#endif
+
+	switch (ret) {
+	case 0:
+		break;
+
+		/* Certain verification errors are non-fatal if we're not
+		 * checking errors, provided we aren't mandating that there
+		 * must be a valid signature.
+		 */
+	case -ENODATA:
+		reason = "kexec of unsigned image";
+		goto decide;
+	case -ENOPKG:
+		reason = "kexec of image with unsupported crypto";
+		goto decide;
+	case -ENOKEY:
+		reason = "kexec of image with unavailable key";
+	decide:
+		if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG_FORCE)) {
+			pr_notice("%s rejected\n", reason);
+			ret = -EKEYREJECTED;
+			goto out;
+		}
+
+		ret = 0;
+		break;
+
+		/* All other errors are fatal, including nomem, unparseable
+		 * signatures and signature check failures - even if signatures
+		 * aren't required.
+		 */
+	default:
+		pr_notice("kernel signature verification failed (%d).\n", ret);
 		goto out;
 	}
-	pr_debug("kernel signature verification successful.\n");
-#endif
+
 	/* It is possible that there no initramfs is being loaded */
 	if (!(flags & KEXEC_FILE_NO_INITRAMFS)) {
 		ret = kernel_read_file_from_fd(initrd_fd, &image->initrd_buf,
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 07/27] kexec_file: Restrict at runtime if the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 06/27] kexec_file: split KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG into KEXEC_SIG and KEXEC_SIG_FORCE Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 08/27] hibernate: Disable when " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (19 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Jiri Bohac, kexec,
	Matthew Garrett

From: Jiri Bohac <jbohac@suse.cz>

When KEXEC_SIG is not enabled, kernel should not load images through
kexec_file systemcall if the kernel is locked down.

[Modified by David Howells to fit with modifications to the previous patch
 and to return -EPERM if the kernel is locked down for consistency with
 other lockdowns. Modified by Matthew Garrett to remove the IMA
 integration, which will be replaced by integrating with the IMA
 architecture policy patches.]

Signed-off-by: Jiri Bohac <jbohac@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Jiri Bohac <jbohac@suse.cz>
cc: kexec@lists.infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 kernel/kexec_file.c | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/kexec_file.c b/kernel/kexec_file.c
index 67f3a866eabe..0cfe4f6f7f85 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_file.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_file.c
@@ -239,6 +239,12 @@ kimage_file_prepare_segments(struct kimage *image, int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
 		}
 
 		ret = 0;
+
+		if (kernel_is_locked_down(reason)) {
+			ret = -EPERM;
+			goto out;
+		}
+
 		break;
 
 		/* All other errors are fatal, including nomem, unparseable
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 08/27] hibernate: Disable when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 07/27] kexec_file: Restrict at runtime if the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (18 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Josh Boyer, rjw,
	pavel, linux-pm, Matthew Garrett

From: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@fedoraproject.org>

There is currently no way to verify the resume image when returning
from hibernate.  This might compromise the signed modules trust model,
so until we can work with signed hibernate images we disable it when the
kernel is locked down.

Signed-off-by: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@fedoraproject.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: rjw@rjwysocki.net
Cc: pavel@ucw.cz
cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 kernel/power/hibernate.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/power/hibernate.c b/kernel/power/hibernate.c
index abef759de7c8..802795becb88 100644
--- a/kernel/power/hibernate.c
+++ b/kernel/power/hibernate.c
@@ -70,7 +70,7 @@ static const struct platform_hibernation_ops *hibernation_ops;
 
 bool hibernation_available(void)
 {
-	return (nohibernate == 0);
+	return nohibernate == 0 && !kernel_is_locked_down("Hibernation");
 }
 
 /**
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: Disable when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 08/27] hibernate: Disable when " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 10/27] PCI: Lock down BAR access " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (17 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	James Morris, linux-pm, pavel, rjw, Matthew Garrett

From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>

uswsusp allows a user process to dump and then restore kernel state, which
makes it possible to modify the running kernel.  Disable this if the kernel
is locked down.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
Cc: pavel@ucw.cz
Cc: rjw@rjwysocki.net
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 kernel/power/user.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/power/user.c b/kernel/power/user.c
index 2d8b60a3c86b..0305d513c274 100644
--- a/kernel/power/user.c
+++ b/kernel/power/user.c
@@ -52,6 +52,9 @@ static int snapshot_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 	if (!hibernation_available())
 		return -EPERM;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("/dev/snapshot"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	lock_system_sleep();
 
 	if (!atomic_add_unless(&snapshot_device_available, -1, 0)) {
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 10/27] PCI: Lock down BAR access when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 11/27] x86: Lock down IO port " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (16 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	Bjorn Helgaas, linux-pci, Matthew Garrett

From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>

Any hardware that can potentially generate DMA has to be locked down in
order to avoid it being possible for an attacker to modify kernel code,
allowing them to circumvent disabled module loading or module signing.
Default to paranoid - in future we can potentially relax this for
sufficiently IOMMU-isolated devices.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
cc: linux-pci@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c | 9 +++++++++
 drivers/pci/proc.c      | 9 ++++++++-
 drivers/pci/syscall.c   | 3 ++-
 3 files changed, 19 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
index 9ecfe13157c0..40c14574fcf8 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-sysfs.c
@@ -905,6 +905,9 @@ static ssize_t pci_write_config(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
 	loff_t init_off = off;
 	u8 *data = (u8 *) buf;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct PCI access"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	if (off > dev->cfg_size)
 		return 0;
 	if (off + count > dev->cfg_size) {
@@ -1167,6 +1170,9 @@ static int pci_mmap_resource(struct kobject *kobj, struct bin_attribute *attr,
 	enum pci_mmap_state mmap_type;
 	struct resource *res = &pdev->resource[bar];
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct PCI access"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	if (res->flags & IORESOURCE_MEM && iomem_is_exclusive(res->start))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
@@ -1242,6 +1248,9 @@ static ssize_t pci_write_resource_io(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
 				     struct bin_attribute *attr, char *buf,
 				     loff_t off, size_t count)
 {
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct PCI access"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	return pci_resource_io(filp, kobj, attr, buf, off, count, true);
 }
 
diff --git a/drivers/pci/proc.c b/drivers/pci/proc.c
index 6fa1627ce08d..1549cdd0710e 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/proc.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/proc.c
@@ -117,6 +117,9 @@ static ssize_t proc_bus_pci_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
 	int size = dev->cfg_size;
 	int cnt;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct PCI access"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	if (pos >= size)
 		return 0;
 	if (nbytes >= size)
@@ -196,6 +199,9 @@ static long proc_bus_pci_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
 #endif /* HAVE_PCI_MMAP */
 	int ret = 0;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct PCI access"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	switch (cmd) {
 	case PCIIOC_CONTROLLER:
 		ret = pci_domain_nr(dev->bus);
@@ -237,7 +243,8 @@ static int proc_bus_pci_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 	struct pci_filp_private *fpriv = file->private_data;
 	int i, ret, write_combine = 0, res_bit = IORESOURCE_MEM;
 
-	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
+	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) ||
+	    kernel_is_locked_down("Direct PCI access"))
 		return -EPERM;
 
 	if (fpriv->mmap_state == pci_mmap_io) {
diff --git a/drivers/pci/syscall.c b/drivers/pci/syscall.c
index d96626c614f5..b8a08d3166a1 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/syscall.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/syscall.c
@@ -90,7 +90,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(pciconfig_write, unsigned long, bus, unsigned long, dfn,
 	u32 dword;
 	int err = 0;
 
-	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) ||
+	    kernel_is_locked_down("Direct PCI access"))
 		return -EPERM;
 
 	dev = pci_get_domain_bus_and_slot(0, bus, dfn);
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 11/27] x86: Lock down IO port access when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (9 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 10/27] PCI: Lock down BAR access " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 12/27] x86/msr: Restrict MSR " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (15 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	Thomas Gleixner, x86, Matthew Garrett

From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>

IO port access would permit users to gain access to PCI configuration
registers, which in turn (on a lot of hardware) give access to MMIO
register space. This would potentially permit root to trigger arbitrary
DMA, so lock it down by default.

This also implicitly locks down the KDADDIO, KDDELIO, KDENABIO and
KDDISABIO console ioctls.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
cc: x86@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c | 6 ++++--
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c
index 0fe1c8782208..abc702a6ae9c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c
@@ -31,7 +31,8 @@ long ksys_ioperm(unsigned long from, unsigned long num, int turn_on)
 
 	if ((from + num <= from) || (from + num > IO_BITMAP_BITS))
 		return -EINVAL;
-	if (turn_on && !capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
+	if (turn_on && (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) ||
+			kernel_is_locked_down("ioperm")))
 		return -EPERM;
 
 	/*
@@ -126,7 +127,8 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(iopl, unsigned int, level)
 		return -EINVAL;
 	/* Trying to gain more privileges? */
 	if (level > old) {
-		if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
+		if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO) ||
+		    kernel_is_locked_down("iopl"))
 			return -EPERM;
 	}
 	regs->flags = (regs->flags & ~X86_EFLAGS_IOPL) |
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 12/27] x86/msr: Restrict MSR access when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (10 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 11/27] x86: Lock down IO port " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 23:40   ` Thomas Gleixner
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 13/27] ACPI: Limit access to custom_method " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (14 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	Kees Cook, Thomas Gleixner, x86, Matthew Garrett

From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>

Writing to MSRs should not be allowed if the kernel is locked down, since
it could lead to execution of arbitrary code in kernel mode.  Based on a
patch by Kees Cook.

MSR accesses are logged for the purposes of building up a whitelist as per
Alan Cox's suggestion.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
cc: x86@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/msr.c | 10 ++++++++++
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/msr.c b/arch/x86/kernel/msr.c
index 4588414e2561..f5a2cf07972f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/msr.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/msr.c
@@ -84,6 +84,11 @@ static ssize_t msr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
 	int err = 0;
 	ssize_t bytes = 0;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct MSR access")) {
+		pr_info("Direct access to MSR %x\n", reg);
+		return -EPERM;
+	}
+
 	if (count % 8)
 		return -EINVAL;	/* Invalid chunk size */
 
@@ -135,6 +140,11 @@ static long msr_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int ioc, unsigned long arg)
 			err = -EFAULT;
 			break;
 		}
+		if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct MSR access")) {
+			pr_info("Direct access to MSR %x\n", regs[1]); /* Display %ecx */
+			err = -EPERM;
+			break;
+		}
 		err = wrmsr_safe_regs_on_cpu(cpu, regs);
 		if (err)
 			break;
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 13/27] ACPI: Limit access to custom_method when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (11 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 12/27] x86/msr: Restrict MSR " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 14/27] acpi: Ignore acpi_rsdp kernel param when the kernel has been " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (13 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	linux-acpi, Matthew Garrett

From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>

custom_method effectively allows arbitrary access to system memory, making
it possible for an attacker to circumvent restrictions on module loading.
Disable it if the kernel is locked down.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 drivers/acpi/custom_method.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/custom_method.c b/drivers/acpi/custom_method.c
index 4451877f83b6..ac8a90dc7096 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/custom_method.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/custom_method.c
@@ -29,6 +29,9 @@ static ssize_t cm_write(struct file *file, const char __user * user_buf,
 	struct acpi_table_header table;
 	acpi_status status;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("ACPI custom methods"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	if (!(*ppos)) {
 		/* parse the table header to get the table length */
 		if (count <= sizeof(struct acpi_table_header))
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 14/27] acpi: Ignore acpi_rsdp kernel param when the kernel has been locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (12 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 13/27] ACPI: Limit access to custom_method " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 15/27] acpi: Disable ACPI table override if the kernel is " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (12 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Josh Boyer,
	Dave Young, linux-acpi, Matthew Garrett

From: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@redhat.com>

This option allows userspace to pass the RSDP address to the kernel, which
makes it possible for a user to modify the workings of hardware .  Reject
the option when the kernel is locked down.

Signed-off-by: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 drivers/acpi/osl.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/osl.c b/drivers/acpi/osl.c
index f29e427d0d1d..3e44cef7a0cd 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/osl.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/osl.c
@@ -194,7 +194,7 @@ acpi_physical_address __init acpi_os_get_root_pointer(void)
 	acpi_physical_address pa;
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC
-	if (acpi_rsdp)
+	if (acpi_rsdp && !kernel_is_locked_down("ACPI RSDP specification"))
 		return acpi_rsdp;
 #endif
 	pa = acpi_arch_get_root_pointer();
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 15/27] acpi: Disable ACPI table override if the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (13 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 14/27] acpi: Ignore acpi_rsdp kernel param when the kernel has been " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 16/27] acpi: Disable APEI error injection " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (11 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Linn Crosetto,
	linux-acpi, Matthew Garrett

From: Linn Crosetto <linn@hpe.com>

From the kernel documentation (initrd_table_override.txt):

  If the ACPI_INITRD_TABLE_OVERRIDE compile option is true, it is possible
  to override nearly any ACPI table provided by the BIOS with an
  instrumented, modified one.

When securelevel is set, the kernel should disallow any unauthenticated
changes to kernel space.  ACPI tables contain code invoked by the kernel,
so do not allow ACPI tables to be overridden if the kernel is locked down.

Signed-off-by: Linn Crosetto <linn@hpe.com>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 drivers/acpi/tables.c | 5 +++++
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/tables.c b/drivers/acpi/tables.c
index 48eabb6c2d4f..f3b4117cd8f3 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/tables.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/tables.c
@@ -531,6 +531,11 @@ void __init acpi_table_upgrade(void)
 	if (table_nr == 0)
 		return;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("ACPI table override")) {
+		pr_notice("kernel is locked down, ignoring table override\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
 	acpi_tables_addr =
 		memblock_find_in_range(0, ACPI_TABLE_UPGRADE_MAX_PHYS,
 				       all_tables_size, PAGE_SIZE);
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 16/27] acpi: Disable APEI error injection if the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (14 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 15/27] acpi: Disable ACPI table override if the kernel is " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 17/27] Prohibit PCMCIA CIS storage when " Matthew Garrett
                   ` (10 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Linn Crosetto,
	linux-acpi, Matthew Garrett

From: Linn Crosetto <linn@hpe.com>

ACPI provides an error injection mechanism, EINJ, for debugging and testing
the ACPI Platform Error Interface (APEI) and other RAS features.  If
supported by the firmware, ACPI specification 5.0 and later provide for a
way to specify a physical memory address to which to inject the error.

Injecting errors through EINJ can produce errors which to the platform are
indistinguishable from real hardware errors.  This can have undesirable
side-effects, such as causing the platform to mark hardware as needing
replacement.

While it does not provide a method to load unauthenticated privileged code,
the effect of these errors may persist across reboots and affect trust in
the underlying hardware, so disable error injection through EINJ if
the kernel is locked down.

Signed-off-by: Linn Crosetto <linn@hpe.com>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-acpi@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c b/drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c
index fcccbfdbdd1a..9fe6bbab2e7d 100644
--- a/drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c
+++ b/drivers/acpi/apei/einj.c
@@ -518,6 +518,9 @@ static int einj_error_inject(u32 type, u32 flags, u64 param1, u64 param2,
 	int rc;
 	u64 base_addr, size;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("ACPI error injection"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	/* If user manually set "flags", make sure it is legal */
 	if (flags && (flags &
 		~(SETWA_FLAGS_APICID|SETWA_FLAGS_MEM|SETWA_FLAGS_PCIE_SBDF)))
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 17/27] Prohibit PCMCIA CIS storage when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (15 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 16/27] acpi: Disable APEI error injection " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 18/27] Lock down TIOCSSERIAL Matthew Garrett
                   ` (9 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Dominik Brodowski,
	linux-pcmcia, Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Prohibit replacement of the PCMCIA Card Information Structure when the
kernel is locked down.

Suggested-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-pcmcia@lists.infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c b/drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c
index ac0672b8dfca..8adf092d0e18 100644
--- a/drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c
+++ b/drivers/pcmcia/cistpl.c
@@ -1578,6 +1578,9 @@ static ssize_t pccard_store_cis(struct file *filp, struct kobject *kobj,
 	struct pcmcia_socket *s;
 	int error;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct PCMCIA CIS storage"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	s = to_socket(container_of(kobj, struct device, kobj));
 
 	if (off)
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 18/27] Lock down TIOCSSERIAL
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (16 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 17/27] Prohibit PCMCIA CIS storage when " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 19/27] Lock down module params that specify hardware parameters (eg. ioport) Matthew Garrett
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman, Jiri Slaby, linux-serial, Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Lock down TIOCSSERIAL as that can be used to change the ioport and irq
settings on a serial port.  This only appears to be an issue for the serial
drivers that use the core serial code.  All other drivers seem to either
ignore attempts to change port/irq or give an error.

Reported-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.com>
Cc: linux-serial@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c b/drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c
index d4cca5bdaf1c..04534877b575 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/serial/serial_core.c
@@ -842,6 +842,12 @@ static int uart_set_info(struct tty_struct *tty, struct tty_port *port,
 	new_flags = (__force upf_t)new_info->flags;
 	old_custom_divisor = uport->custom_divisor;
 
+	if ((change_port || change_irq) &&
+	    kernel_is_locked_down("Using TIOCSSERIAL to change device addresses, irqs and dma channels")) {
+		retval = -EPERM;
+		goto exit;
+	}
+
 	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
 		retval = -EPERM;
 		if (change_irq || change_port ||
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 19/27] Lock down module params that specify hardware parameters (eg. ioport)
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (17 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 18/27] Lock down TIOCSSERIAL Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 20/27] x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module Matthew Garrett
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Alan Cox, Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Provided an annotation for module parameters that specify hardware
parameters (such as io ports, iomem addresses, irqs, dma channels, fixed
dma buffers and other types).

Suggested-by: Alan Cox <gnomes@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 kernel/params.c | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 21 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/params.c b/kernel/params.c
index ce89f757e6da..8ac751c938f8 100644
--- a/kernel/params.c
+++ b/kernel/params.c
@@ -108,13 +108,19 @@ bool parameq(const char *a, const char *b)
 	return parameqn(a, b, strlen(a)+1);
 }
 
-static void param_check_unsafe(const struct kernel_param *kp)
+static bool param_check_unsafe(const struct kernel_param *kp,
+			       const char *doing)
 {
 	if (kp->flags & KERNEL_PARAM_FL_UNSAFE) {
 		pr_notice("Setting dangerous option %s - tainting kernel\n",
 			  kp->name);
 		add_taint(TAINT_USER, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
 	}
+
+	if (kp->flags & KERNEL_PARAM_FL_HWPARAM &&
+	    kernel_is_locked_down("Command line-specified device addresses, irqs and dma channels"))
+		return false;
+	return true;
 }
 
 static int parse_one(char *param,
@@ -144,8 +150,10 @@ static int parse_one(char *param,
 			pr_debug("handling %s with %p\n", param,
 				params[i].ops->set);
 			kernel_param_lock(params[i].mod);
-			param_check_unsafe(&params[i]);
-			err = params[i].ops->set(val, &params[i]);
+			if (param_check_unsafe(&params[i], doing))
+				err = params[i].ops->set(val, &params[i]);
+			else
+				err = -EPERM;
 			kernel_param_unlock(params[i].mod);
 			return err;
 		}
@@ -553,6 +561,12 @@ static ssize_t param_attr_show(struct module_attribute *mattr,
 	return count;
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_MODULES
+#define mod_name(mod) (mod)->name
+#else
+#define mod_name(mod) "unknown"
+#endif
+
 /* sysfs always hands a nul-terminated string in buf.  We rely on that. */
 static ssize_t param_attr_store(struct module_attribute *mattr,
 				struct module_kobject *mk,
@@ -565,8 +579,10 @@ static ssize_t param_attr_store(struct module_attribute *mattr,
 		return -EPERM;
 
 	kernel_param_lock(mk->mod);
-	param_check_unsafe(attribute->param);
-	err = attribute->param->ops->set(buf, attribute->param);
+	if (param_check_unsafe(attribute->param, mod_name(mk->mod)))
+		err = attribute->param->ops->set(buf, attribute->param);
+	else
+		err = -EPERM;
 	kernel_param_unlock(mk->mod);
 	if (!err)
 		return len;
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 20/27] x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (18 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 19/27] Lock down module params that specify hardware parameters (eg. ioport) Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 23:35   ` Steven Rostedt
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 21/27] Lock down /proc/kcore Matthew Garrett
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Thomas Gleixner,
	Steven Rostedt, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, x86,
	Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

The testmmiotrace module shouldn't be permitted when the kernel is locked
down as it can be used to arbitrarily read and write MMIO space.

Suggested-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com
cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
cc: x86@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c b/arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c
index f6ae6830b341..bbaad357f5d7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c
@@ -115,6 +115,9 @@ static int __init init(void)
 {
 	unsigned long size = (read_far) ? (8 << 20) : (16 << 10);
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("MMIO trace testing"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	if (mmio_address == 0) {
 		pr_err("you have to use the module argument mmio_address.\n");
 		pr_err("DO NOT LOAD THIS MODULE UNLESS YOU REALLY KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING!\n");
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 21/27] Lock down /proc/kcore
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (19 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 20/27] x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 22/27] Lock down kprobes Matthew Garrett
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, James Morris,
	Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Disallow access to /proc/kcore when the kernel is locked down to prevent
access to cryptographic data.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 fs/proc/kcore.c | 2 ++
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/proc/kcore.c b/fs/proc/kcore.c
index bbcc185062bb..d50ebfbf3dbb 100644
--- a/fs/proc/kcore.c
+++ b/fs/proc/kcore.c
@@ -518,6 +518,8 @@ read_kcore(struct file *file, char __user *buffer, size_t buflen, loff_t *fpos)
 
 static int open_kcore(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 {
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("/proc/kcore"))
+		return -EPERM;
 	if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
 		return -EPERM;
 
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 22/27] Lock down kprobes
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (20 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 21/27] Lock down /proc/kcore Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-26 12:29   ` Masami Hiramatsu
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, Matthew Garrett, Naveen N . Rao,
	Anil S Keshavamurthy, davem, Masami Hiramatsu

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Disallow the creation of kprobes when the kernel is locked down by
preventing their registration.  This prevents kprobes from being used to
access kernel memory, either to make modifications or to steal crypto data.

Reported-by: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
Cc: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com>
Cc: davem@davemloft.net
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/kprobes.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/kprobes.c b/kernel/kprobes.c
index f4ddfdd2d07e..6f66cca8e2c6 100644
--- a/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -1552,6 +1552,9 @@ int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
 	struct module *probed_mod;
 	kprobe_opcode_t *addr;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Use of kprobes"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	/* Adjust probe address from symbol */
 	addr = kprobe_addr(p);
 	if (IS_ERR(addr))
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (21 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 22/27] Lock down kprobes Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 23:42   ` Stephen Hemminger
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 24/27] Lock down perf Matthew Garrett
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, netdev, Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann,
	Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

There are some bpf functions can be used to read kernel memory:
bpf_probe_read, bpf_probe_write_user and bpf_trace_printk.  These allow
private keys in kernel memory (e.g. the hibernation image signing key) to
be read by an eBPF program and kernel memory to be altered without
restriction.

Completely prohibit the use of BPF when the kernel is locked down.

Suggested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
cc: Chun-Yi Lee <jlee@suse.com>
cc: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 kernel/bpf/syscall.c | 3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
index b155cd17c1bd..2cde39a875aa 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
@@ -2585,6 +2585,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(bpf, int, cmd, union bpf_attr __user *, uattr, unsigned int, siz
 	if (sysctl_unprivileged_bpf_disabled && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
 		return -EPERM;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("BPF"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	err = bpf_check_uarg_tail_zero(uattr, sizeof(attr), size);
 	if (err)
 		return err;
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 24/27] Lock down perf
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (22 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 25/27] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	Peter Zijlstra, Ingo Molnar, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Disallow the use of certain perf facilities that might allow userspace to
access kernel data.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>
---
 kernel/events/core.c | 5 +++++
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index 3cd13a30f732..7748c6f39992 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -10461,6 +10461,11 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
 			return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
+	if ((attr.sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR) &&
+	    kernel_is_locked_down("PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR"))
+		/* REGS_INTR can leak data, lockdown must prevent this */
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	/* Only privileged users can get physical addresses */
 	if ((attr.sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_PHYS_ADDR) &&
 	    perf_paranoid_kernel() && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 25/27] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (23 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 24/27] Lock down perf Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-26  0:31   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 26/27] lockdown: Print current->comm in restriction messages Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 27/27] kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down Matthew Garrett
  26 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Andy Shevchenko,
	acpi4asus-user, platform-driver-x86, Matthew Garrett,
	Thomas Gleixner, Greg Kroah-Hartman, Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Disallow opening of debugfs files that might be used to muck around when
the kernel is locked down as various drivers give raw access to hardware
through debugfs.  Given the effort of auditing all 2000 or so files and
manually fixing each one as necessary, I've chosen to apply a heuristic
instead.  The following changes are made:

 (1) chmod and chown are disallowed on debugfs objects (though the root dir
     can be modified by mount and remount, but I'm not worried about that).

 (2) When the kernel is locked down, only files with the following criteria
     are permitted to be opened:

	- The file must have mode 00444
	- The file must not have ioctl methods
	- The file must not have mmap

 (3) When the kernel is locked down, files may only be opened for reading.

Normal device interaction should be done through configfs, sysfs or a
miscdev, not debugfs.

Note that this makes it unnecessary to specifically lock down show_dsts(),
show_devs() and show_call() in the asus-wmi driver.

I would actually prefer to lock down all files by default and have the
the files unlocked by the creator.  This is tricky to manage correctly,
though, as there are 19 creation functions and ~1600 call sites (some of
them in loops scanning tables).

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
cc: acpi4asus-user@lists.sourceforge.net
cc: platform-driver-x86@vger.kernel.org
cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 fs/debugfs/file.c  | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 fs/debugfs/inode.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 2 files changed, 56 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/debugfs/file.c b/fs/debugfs/file.c
index 4fce1da7db23..c33042c1eff3 100644
--- a/fs/debugfs/file.c
+++ b/fs/debugfs/file.c
@@ -136,6 +136,25 @@ void debugfs_file_put(struct dentry *dentry)
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(debugfs_file_put);
 
+/*
+ * Only permit access to world-readable files when the kernel is locked down.
+ * We also need to exclude any file that has ways to write or alter it as root
+ * can bypass the permissions check.
+ */
+static bool debugfs_is_locked_down(struct inode *inode,
+				   struct file *filp,
+				   const struct file_operations *real_fops)
+{
+	if ((inode->i_mode & 07777) == 0444 &&
+	    !(filp->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE) &&
+	    !real_fops->unlocked_ioctl &&
+	    !real_fops->compat_ioctl &&
+	    !real_fops->mmap)
+		return false;
+
+	return kernel_is_locked_down("debugfs");
+}
+
 static int open_proxy_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 {
 	struct dentry *dentry = F_DENTRY(filp);
@@ -147,6 +166,11 @@ static int open_proxy_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 		return r == -EIO ? -ENOENT : r;
 
 	real_fops = debugfs_real_fops(filp);
+
+	r = -EPERM;
+	if (debugfs_is_locked_down(inode, filp, real_fops))
+		goto out;
+
 	real_fops = fops_get(real_fops);
 	if (!real_fops) {
 		/* Huh? Module did not clean up after itself at exit? */
@@ -272,6 +296,10 @@ static int full_proxy_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 		return r == -EIO ? -ENOENT : r;
 
 	real_fops = debugfs_real_fops(filp);
+	r = -EPERM;
+	if (debugfs_is_locked_down(inode, filp, real_fops))
+		goto out;
+
 	real_fops = fops_get(real_fops);
 	if (!real_fops) {
 		/* Huh? Module did not cleanup after itself at exit? */
diff --git a/fs/debugfs/inode.c b/fs/debugfs/inode.c
index 13b01351dd1c..4daec17b8215 100644
--- a/fs/debugfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/debugfs/inode.c
@@ -32,6 +32,31 @@ static struct vfsmount *debugfs_mount;
 static int debugfs_mount_count;
 static bool debugfs_registered;
 
+/*
+ * Don't allow access attributes to be changed whilst the kernel is locked down
+ * so that we can use the file mode as part of a heuristic to determine whether
+ * to lock down individual files.
+ */
+static int debugfs_setattr(struct dentry *dentry, struct iattr *ia)
+{
+	if ((ia->ia_valid & (ATTR_MODE | ATTR_UID | ATTR_GID)) &&
+	    kernel_is_locked_down("debugfs"))
+		return -EPERM;
+	return simple_setattr(dentry, ia);
+}
+
+static const struct inode_operations debugfs_file_inode_operations = {
+	.setattr	= debugfs_setattr,
+};
+static const struct inode_operations debugfs_dir_inode_operations = {
+	.lookup		= simple_lookup,
+	.setattr	= debugfs_setattr,
+};
+static const struct inode_operations debugfs_symlink_inode_operations = {
+	.get_link	= simple_get_link,
+	.setattr	= debugfs_setattr,
+};
+
 static struct inode *debugfs_get_inode(struct super_block *sb)
 {
 	struct inode *inode = new_inode(sb);
@@ -356,6 +381,7 @@ static struct dentry *__debugfs_create_file(const char *name, umode_t mode,
 	inode->i_mode = mode;
 	inode->i_private = data;
 
+	inode->i_op = &debugfs_file_inode_operations;
 	inode->i_fop = proxy_fops;
 	dentry->d_fsdata = (void *)((unsigned long)real_fops |
 				DEBUGFS_FSDATA_IS_REAL_FOPS_BIT);
@@ -513,7 +539,7 @@ struct dentry *debugfs_create_dir(const char *name, struct dentry *parent)
 		return failed_creating(dentry);
 
 	inode->i_mode = S_IFDIR | S_IRWXU | S_IRUGO | S_IXUGO;
-	inode->i_op = &simple_dir_inode_operations;
+	inode->i_op = &debugfs_dir_inode_operations;
 	inode->i_fop = &simple_dir_operations;
 
 	/* directory inodes start off with i_nlink == 2 (for "." entry) */
@@ -608,7 +634,7 @@ struct dentry *debugfs_create_symlink(const char *name, struct dentry *parent,
 		return failed_creating(dentry);
 	}
 	inode->i_mode = S_IFLNK | S_IRWXUGO;
-	inode->i_op = &simple_symlink_inode_operations;
+	inode->i_op = &debugfs_symlink_inode_operations;
 	inode->i_link = link;
 	d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
 	return end_creating(dentry);
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 26/27] lockdown: Print current->comm in restriction messages
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (24 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 25/27] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 27/27] kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down Matthew Garrett
  26 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris; +Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett

From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>

Print the content of current->comm in messages generated by lockdown to
indicate a restriction that was hit.  This makes it a bit easier to find
out what caused the message.

The message now patterned something like:

	Lockdown: <comm>: <what> is restricted; see man kernel_lockdown.7

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
---
 security/lock_down.c | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/security/lock_down.c b/security/lock_down.c
index 18d8776a4d02..ee00ca2677e7 100644
--- a/security/lock_down.c
+++ b/security/lock_down.c
@@ -53,8 +53,8 @@ void __init init_lockdown(void)
 bool __kernel_is_locked_down(const char *what, bool first)
 {
 	if (what && first && kernel_locked_down)
-		pr_notice("Lockdown: %s is restricted; see man kernel_lockdown.7\n",
-			  what);
+		pr_notice("Lockdown: %s: %s is restricted; see man kernel_lockdown.7\n",
+			  current->comm, what);
 	return kernel_locked_down;
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(__kernel_is_locked_down);
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 27/27] kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
                   ` (25 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 26/27] lockdown: Print current->comm in restriction messages Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 22:09 ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-26 15:33   ` Mimi Zohar
  26 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-25 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	Matthew Garrett, Mimi Zohar, Dmitry Kasatkin, linux-integrity

Systems in lockdown mode should block the kexec of untrusted kernels.
For x86 and ARM we can ensure that a kernel is trustworthy by validating
a PE signature, but this isn't possible on other architectures. On those
platforms we can use IMA digital signatures instead. Add a function to
determine whether IMA has or will verify signatures for a given event type,
and if so permit kexec_file() even if the kernel is otherwise locked down.
This is restricted to cases where CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING is set
in order to prevent an attacker from loading additional keys at runtime.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@google.com>
Cc: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Dmitry Kasatkin <dmitry.kasatkin@gmail.com>
Cc: linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org
---
 include/linux/ima.h                 |  9 ++++++
 kernel/kexec_file.c                 |  7 +++-
 security/integrity/ima/ima.h        |  2 ++
 security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c   |  2 +-
 security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 68 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/ima.h b/include/linux/ima.h
index b5e16b8c50b7..05921227d700 100644
--- a/include/linux/ima.h
+++ b/include/linux/ima.h
@@ -127,4 +127,13 @@ static inline int ima_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry,
 	return 0;
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE */
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE) && defined(CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING)
+extern bool ima_appraise_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id func);
+#else
+static inline bool ima_appraise_kexec_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id func)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE && CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING */
 #endif /* _LINUX_IMA_H */
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_file.c b/kernel/kexec_file.c
index 0cfe4f6f7f85..8ffa4b75c620 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_file.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_file.c
@@ -240,7 +240,12 @@ kimage_file_prepare_segments(struct kimage *image, int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
 
 		ret = 0;
 
-		if (kernel_is_locked_down(reason)) {
+		/* If IMA is guaranteed to appraise a signature on the kexec
+		 * image, permit it even if the kernel is otherwise locked
+		 * down.
+		 */
+		if (!ima_appraise_signature(READING_KEXEC_IMAGE) &&
+		    kernel_is_locked_down(reason)) {
 			ret = -EPERM;
 			goto out;
 		}
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
index cc12f3449a72..fe03cc6f1ca4 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
@@ -115,6 +115,8 @@ struct ima_kexec_hdr {
 	u64 count;
 };
 
+extern const int read_idmap[];
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IMA_KEXEC
 void ima_load_kexec_buffer(void);
 #else
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
index 4ffac4f5c647..106f06dee9d1 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
@@ -442,7 +442,7 @@ int ima_read_file(struct file *file, enum kernel_read_file_id read_id)
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static const int read_idmap[READING_MAX_ID] = {
+const int read_idmap[READING_MAX_ID] = {
 	[READING_FIRMWARE] = FIRMWARE_CHECK,
 	[READING_FIRMWARE_PREALLOC_BUFFER] = FIRMWARE_CHECK,
 	[READING_MODULE] = MODULE_CHECK,
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
index 122797023bdb..f8f1cdb74a4f 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
@@ -1341,3 +1341,53 @@ int ima_policy_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
 	return 0;
 }
 #endif	/* CONFIG_IMA_READ_POLICY */
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE) && defined(CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING)
+/*
+ * ima_appraise_signature: whether IMA will appraise a given function using
+ * an IMA digital signature. This is restricted to cases where the kernel
+ * has a set of built-in trusted keys in order to avoid an attacker simply
+ * loading additional keys.
+ */
+bool ima_appraise_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id id)
+{
+	struct ima_rule_entry *entry;
+	bool found = false;
+	enum ima_hooks func;
+
+	if (id >= READING_MAX_ID)
+		return false;
+
+	func = read_idmap[id] ?: FILE_CHECK;
+
+	rcu_read_lock();
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(entry, ima_rules, list) {
+		if (entry->action != APPRAISE)
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * A generic entry will match, but otherwise require that it
+		 * match the func we're looking for
+		 */
+		if (entry->func && entry->func != func)
+			continue;
+
+		/*
+		 * We require this to be a digital signature, not a raw IMA
+		 * hash.
+		 */
+		if (entry->flags & IMA_DIGSIG_REQUIRED)
+			found = true;
+
+		/*
+		 * We've found a rule that matches, so break now even if it
+		 * didn't require a digital signature - a later rule that does
+		 * won't override it, so would be a false positive.
+		 */
+		break;
+	}
+
+	rcu_read_unlock();
+	return found;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE && CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING */
-- 
2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 20/27] x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 20/27] x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 23:35   ` Steven Rostedt
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Steven Rostedt @ 2019-03-25 23:35 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: jmorris, linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Thomas Gleixner, Ingo Molnar, H. Peter Anvin, x86

On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:47 -0700
Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:

> From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> 
> The testmmiotrace module shouldn't be permitted when the kernel is locked
> down as it can be used to arbitrarily read and write MMIO space.
> 
> Suggested-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com
> cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
> cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
> cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
> cc: x86@kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
> ---
>  arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c | 3 +++
>  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c b/arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c
> index f6ae6830b341..bbaad357f5d7 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/mm/testmmiotrace.c
> @@ -115,6 +115,9 @@ static int __init init(void)
>  {
>  	unsigned long size = (read_far) ? (8 << 20) : (16 << 10);
>  
> +	if (kernel_is_locked_down("MMIO trace testing"))
> +		return -EPERM;

I wonder if we should take this one step further. As this module is
really just for testing the mmiotracer (and really shouldn't be enabled
by anyone that doesn't know what it's for), why not just add to the Kconfig file

CONFIG_MMIOTRACE_TEST depend on !CONFIG_LOCK_DOWN_KERNEL ?

-- Steve

> +
>  	if (mmio_address == 0) {
>  		pr_err("you have to use the module argument
> mmio_address.\n"); pr_err("DO NOT LOAD THIS MODULE UNLESS YOU REALLY
> KNOW WHAT YOU ARE DOING!\n");


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 12/27] x86/msr: Restrict MSR access when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 12/27] x86/msr: Restrict MSR " Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 23:40   ` Thomas Gleixner
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Thomas Gleixner @ 2019-03-25 23:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: jmorris, linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Matthew Garrett, Kees Cook, x86

Matthew,

On Mon, 25 Mar 2019, Matthew Garrett wrote:

> From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
> 
> Writing to MSRs should not be allowed if the kernel is locked down, since
> it could lead to execution of arbitrary code in kernel mode.  Based on a
> patch by Kees Cook.
> 
> MSR accesses are logged for the purposes of building up a whitelist as per
> Alan Cox's suggestion.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> Acked-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

I'm pretty sure, that I reviewed a different version of this, but due to
the lack of:

 1) A version indicator in the subject line, i.e. [PATCH v7 12/27]

 2) A simple change indicator after the --- separator, e.g.

    v6 -> v7: Add MRS logging to dmesg .....

It's tedious to figure out what actually changed here. I just know for sure
that the printk wasn't there before.

It's not a huge effort adding such information, but it's very helpful for
those who are supposed to look at your patches. Those people are drowned in
patches so making it as easy as it goes would be very appreciated.

> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/msr.c
> @@ -84,6 +84,11 @@ static ssize_t msr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
>  	int err = 0;
>  	ssize_t bytes = 0;
>  
> +	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Direct MSR access")) {
> +		pr_info("Direct access to MSR %x\n", reg);

I'm really not fond of this at all. /dev/msr should simply die.

Maintaining a whitelist for this is a horrible idea as you will get a
gazillion of excuses why access to a particular MSR is sane. And I'm
neither interested in these discussions nor interested in adding the
whitelist to this trainwreck,

The right thing to do is to provide sane interfaces and that's where we are
moving to. So simply blocking the access with locked down mode might be
very helpful to accelerate that.

Thanks,

	tglx



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-25 23:42   ` Stephen Hemminger
  2019-03-25 23:59     ` Stephen Hemminger
                       ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Stephen Hemminger @ 2019-03-25 23:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: jmorris, linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, netdev, Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann,
	Kees Cook, Andy Lutomirski, Will Drewry

On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:50 -0700
Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:

> From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> 
> There are some bpf functions can be used to read kernel memory:
> bpf_probe_read, bpf_probe_write_user and bpf_trace_printk.  These allow
> private keys in kernel memory (e.g. the hibernation image signing key) to
> be read by an eBPF program and kernel memory to be altered without
> restriction.
> 
> Completely prohibit the use of BPF when the kernel is locked down.
> 
> Suggested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
> cc: Chun-Yi Lee <jlee@suse.com>
> cc: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>

Wouldn't this mean that Seccomp won't work in locked down mode?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 23:42   ` Stephen Hemminger
@ 2019-03-25 23:59     ` Stephen Hemminger
  2019-03-26  0:00     ` Daniel Borkmann
  2019-03-26  0:10     ` Andy Lutomirski
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Stephen Hemminger @ 2019-03-25 23:59 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: jmorris, linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, netdev, Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann,
	Kees Cook, Andy Lutomirski, Will Drewry

On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 16:42:21 -0700
Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org> wrote:

> On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:50 -0700
> Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:
> 
> > From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> > 
> > There are some bpf functions can be used to read kernel memory:
> > bpf_probe_read, bpf_probe_write_user and bpf_trace_printk.  These allow
> > private keys in kernel memory (e.g. the hibernation image signing key) to
> > be read by an eBPF program and kernel memory to be altered without
> > restriction.
> > 
> > Completely prohibit the use of BPF when the kernel is locked down.
> > 
> > Suggested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
> > Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> > cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
> > cc: Chun-Yi Lee <jlee@suse.com>
> > cc: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
> > Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>  
> 
> Wouldn't this mean that Seccomp won't work in locked down mode?

Never mind. This is about bpf system call, not locking out all bpf in general.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 23:42   ` Stephen Hemminger
  2019-03-25 23:59     ` Stephen Hemminger
@ 2019-03-26  0:00     ` Daniel Borkmann
  2019-03-26 13:54       ` Jordan Glover
  2019-03-26  0:10     ` Andy Lutomirski
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Daniel Borkmann @ 2019-03-26  0:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Stephen Hemminger, Matthew Garrett
  Cc: jmorris, linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, netdev, Chun-Yi Lee, Kees Cook,
	Andy Lutomirski, Will Drewry

On 03/26/2019 12:42 AM, Stephen Hemminger wrote:
> On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:50 -0700
> Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:
> 
>> From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
>>
>> There are some bpf functions can be used to read kernel memory:
>> bpf_probe_read, bpf_probe_write_user and bpf_trace_printk.  These allow
>> private keys in kernel memory (e.g. the hibernation image signing key) to
>> be read by an eBPF program and kernel memory to be altered without
>> restriction.

I'm not sure where 'kernel memory to be altered without restriction' comes
from, but it's definitely a wrong statement.

>> Completely prohibit the use of BPF when the kernel is locked down.

In which scenarios will the lock-down mode be used? Mostly niche? I'm asking
as this would otherwise break a lot of existing stuff ... I'd prefer you find
a better solution to this than this straight -EPERM rejection.

>> Suggested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
>> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
>> cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
>> cc: Chun-Yi Lee <jlee@suse.com>
>> cc: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
>> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
>> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
> 
> Wouldn't this mean that Seccomp won't work in locked down mode?
> 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 23:42   ` Stephen Hemminger
  2019-03-25 23:59     ` Stephen Hemminger
  2019-03-26  0:00     ` Daniel Borkmann
@ 2019-03-26  0:10     ` Andy Lutomirski
  2019-03-26 18:57       ` James Morris
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Andy Lutomirski @ 2019-03-26  0:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Stephen Hemminger, Linux API
  Cc: Matthew Garrett, James Morris, LSM List, LKML, David Howells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, Network Development, Chun-Yi Lee,
	Daniel Borkmann, Kees Cook, Will Drewry

On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 4:42 PM Stephen Hemminger
<stephen@networkplumber.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:50 -0700
> Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:
>
> > From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> >
> > There are some bpf functions can be used to read kernel memory:
> > bpf_probe_read, bpf_probe_write_user and bpf_trace_printk.  These allow
> > private keys in kernel memory (e.g. the hibernation image signing key) to
> > be read by an eBPF program and kernel memory to be altered without
> > restriction.
> >
> > Completely prohibit the use of BPF when the kernel is locked down.
> >
> > Suggested-by: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
> > Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> > cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org
> > cc: Chun-Yi Lee <jlee@suse.com>
> > cc: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
> > Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
> > Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
>
> Wouldn't this mean that Seccomp won't work in locked down mode?

I wasn't cc'd on this series, nor was linux-api, so it's awkward to review.

A while back, I suggested an approach to actually make this stuff
mergeable: submit a patch series that adds lockdown mode, enables it
by command line option (and maybe sysctl) *only* and has either no
effect or only a token effect.  Then we can add actual features to
lockdown mode one at a time and review them separately.

And I'm going to complain loudly unless two things change about this
whole thing:

1. Lockdown mode becomes three states, not a boolean.  The states are:
no lockdown, best-effort-to-protect-kernel-integrity, and
best-effort-to-protect-kernel-secrecy-and-integrity.  And this BPF
mess illustrates why: most users will really strongly object to
turning off BPF when they actually just want to protect kernel
integrity.  And as far as I know, things like Secure Boot policy will
mostly care about integrity, not secrecy, and tracing and such should
work on a normal locked-down kernel.  So I think we need this knob.

2. All the proponents of this series, and the documentation, needs to
document that it's best effort.  There will always be security bugs,
and there will always be things we miss.


--Andy

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 25/27] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 25/27] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-26  0:31   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  2019-03-26  0:38     ` Matthew Garrett
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman @ 2019-03-26  0:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: jmorris, linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Andy Shevchenko, acpi4asus-user, platform-driver-x86,
	Matthew Garrett, Thomas Gleixner

On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 03:09:52PM -0700, Matthew Garrett wrote:
> From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> 
> Disallow opening of debugfs files that might be used to muck around when
> the kernel is locked down as various drivers give raw access to hardware
> through debugfs.  Given the effort of auditing all 2000 or so files and
> manually fixing each one as necessary, I've chosen to apply a heuristic
> instead.  The following changes are made:
> 
>  (1) chmod and chown are disallowed on debugfs objects (though the root dir
>      can be modified by mount and remount, but I'm not worried about that).
> 
>  (2) When the kernel is locked down, only files with the following criteria
>      are permitted to be opened:
> 
> 	- The file must have mode 00444
> 	- The file must not have ioctl methods
> 	- The file must not have mmap
> 
>  (3) When the kernel is locked down, files may only be opened for reading.
> 
> Normal device interaction should be done through configfs, sysfs or a
> miscdev, not debugfs.

Then why not just not allow debugfs at all if it is such a "big
problem"?

Actually, it is a big problem, and I am pushing for systems to not mount
debugfs at all these days, but that's a different story...

Just "disabling" it entirely for this crazy dream of a "locked down"
kernel is fine for me.

thanks,

greg k-h

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 25/27] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-26  0:31   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
@ 2019-03-26  0:38     ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-26  0:43       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-26  0:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Greg Kroah-Hartman
  Cc: James Morris, LSM List, Linux Kernel Mailing List, David Howells,
	Andy Shevchenko, acpi4asus-user, platform-driver-x86,
	Matthew Garrett, Thomas Gleixner

On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 5:35 PM Greg Kroah-Hartman
<gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
> On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 03:09:52PM -0700, Matthew Garrett wrote:
> > Normal device interaction should be done through configfs, sysfs or a
> > miscdev, not debugfs.
>
> Then why not just not allow debugfs at all if it is such a "big
> problem"?

Previous attempts to do so have resulted in strong pushback from
various maintainers. If you're happy just having any complaints
reassigned to you then I'm more than happy to turn it off entirely.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 25/27] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-26  0:38     ` Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-26  0:43       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman @ 2019-03-26  0:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: James Morris, LSM List, Linux Kernel Mailing List, David Howells,
	Andy Shevchenko, acpi4asus-user, platform-driver-x86,
	Matthew Garrett, Thomas Gleixner

On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 05:38:09PM -0700, Matthew Garrett wrote:
> On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 5:35 PM Greg Kroah-Hartman
> <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> wrote:
> > On Mon, Mar 25, 2019 at 03:09:52PM -0700, Matthew Garrett wrote:
> > > Normal device interaction should be done through configfs, sysfs or a
> > > miscdev, not debugfs.
> >
> > Then why not just not allow debugfs at all if it is such a "big
> > problem"?
> 
> Previous attempts to do so have resulted in strong pushback from
> various maintainers. If you're happy just having any complaints
> reassigned to you then I'm more than happy to turn it off entirely.

Sure, send them my way :)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 01/27] Add the ability to lock down access to the running kernel image
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 01/27] Add the ability to lock down access to the running kernel image Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-26  5:30   ` Matthew Garrett
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-26  5:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morris
  Cc: LSM List, Linux Kernel Mailing List, David Howells, James Morris

Based on Andy's feedback, I'm going to rework this slightly and
re-send tomorrow.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 22/27] Lock down kprobes
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 22/27] Lock down kprobes Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-26 12:29   ` Masami Hiramatsu
  2019-03-26 17:41     ` Matthew Garrett
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Masami Hiramatsu @ 2019-03-26 12:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: jmorris, linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, Naveen N . Rao, Anil S Keshavamurthy, davem,
	Masami Hiramatsu

On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:49 -0700
Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:

> From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> 
> Disallow the creation of kprobes when the kernel is locked down by
> preventing their registration.  This prevents kprobes from being used to
> access kernel memory, either to make modifications or to steal crypto data.

Hmm, if you enforce signature check of modules, those modules
should be allowed to use kprobes?
I think we should introduce some kind of trust inheritance from
signed (trusted) modules.

Thank you,

> 
> Reported-by: Alexei Starovoitov <alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com>
> Cc: Naveen N. Rao <naveen.n.rao@linux.ibm.com>
> Cc: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com>
> Cc: davem@davemloft.net
> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>
> ---
>  kernel/kprobes.c | 3 +++
>  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/kprobes.c b/kernel/kprobes.c
> index f4ddfdd2d07e..6f66cca8e2c6 100644
> --- a/kernel/kprobes.c
> +++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
> @@ -1552,6 +1552,9 @@ int register_kprobe(struct kprobe *p)
>  	struct module *probed_mod;
>  	kprobe_opcode_t *addr;
>  
> +	if (kernel_is_locked_down("Use of kprobes"))
> +		return -EPERM;
> +
>  	/* Adjust probe address from symbol */
>  	addr = kprobe_addr(p);
>  	if (IS_ERR(addr))
> -- 
> 2.21.0.392.gf8f6787159e-goog
> 


-- 
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-26  0:00     ` Daniel Borkmann
@ 2019-03-26 13:54       ` Jordan Glover
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Jordan Glover @ 2019-03-26 13:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Daniel Borkmann
  Cc: Stephen Hemminger, Matthew Garrett, jmorris,
	linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, netdev, Chun-Yi Lee, Kees Cook,
	Andy Lutomirski, Will Drewry

On Tuesday, March 26, 2019 12:00 AM, Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> wrote:

> On 03/26/2019 12:42 AM, Stephen Hemminger wrote:
>
> > On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:50 -0700
> > Matthew Garrett matthewgarrett@google.com wrote:
> >
> > > From: David Howells dhowells@redhat.com
> > > There are some bpf functions can be used to read kernel memory:
> > > bpf_probe_read, bpf_probe_write_user and bpf_trace_printk. These allow
> > > private keys in kernel memory (e.g. the hibernation image signing key) to
> > > be read by an eBPF program and kernel memory to be altered without
> > > restriction.
>
> I'm not sure where 'kernel memory to be altered without restriction' comes
> from, but it's definitely a wrong statement.
>
> > > Completely prohibit the use of BPF when the kernel is locked down.
>
> In which scenarios will the lock-down mode be used? Mostly niche? I'm asking
> as this would otherwise break a lot of existing stuff ... I'd prefer you find
> a better solution to this than this straight -EPERM rejection.


AFAIK this change breaks IPAddressAllow/IPAddressDeny usage in systemd services
which makes them LESS secure.

https://www.freedesktop.org/software/systemd/man/systemd.resource-control.html
https://github.com/systemd/systemd/blob/04d7ca022843913fba5170c40be07acf2ab5902b/README#L96

Jordan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 27/27] kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down
  2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 27/27] kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-26 15:33   ` Mimi Zohar
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Mimi Zohar @ 2019-03-26 15:33 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett, jmorris
  Cc: linux-security-module, linux-kernel, dhowells, Matthew Garrett,
	Dmitry Kasatkin, linux-integrity

On Mon, 2019-03-25 at 15:09 -0700, Matthew Garrett wrote:
> Systems in lockdown mode should block the kexec of untrusted kernels.
> For x86 and ARM we can ensure that a kernel is trustworthy by validating
> a PE signature, but this isn't possible on other architectures. On those
> platforms we can use IMA digital signatures instead. Add a function to
> determine whether IMA has or will verify signatures for a given event type,
> and if so permit kexec_file() even if the kernel is otherwise locked down.
> This is restricted to cases where CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING is set
> in order to prevent an attacker from loading additional keys at runtime.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@google.com>
> Cc: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>
> Cc: Dmitry Kasatkin <dmitry.kasatkin@gmail.com>
> Cc: linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org

Acked-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.ibm.com>

> ---
>  include/linux/ima.h                 |  9 ++++++
>  kernel/kexec_file.c                 |  7 +++-
>  security/integrity/ima/ima.h        |  2 ++
>  security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c   |  2 +-
>  security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c | 50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  5 files changed, 68 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/ima.h b/include/linux/ima.h
> index b5e16b8c50b7..05921227d700 100644
> --- a/include/linux/ima.h
> +++ b/include/linux/ima.h
> @@ -127,4 +127,13 @@ static inline int ima_inode_removexattr(struct dentry *dentry,
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  #endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE */
> +
> +#if defined(CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE) && defined(CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING)
> +extern bool ima_appraise_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id func);
> +#else
> +static inline bool ima_appraise_kexec_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id func)
> +{
> +	return false;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE && CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING */
>  #endif /* _LINUX_IMA_H */
> diff --git a/kernel/kexec_file.c b/kernel/kexec_file.c
> index 0cfe4f6f7f85..8ffa4b75c620 100644
> --- a/kernel/kexec_file.c
> +++ b/kernel/kexec_file.c
> @@ -240,7 +240,12 @@ kimage_file_prepare_segments(struct kimage *image, int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
>  
>  		ret = 0;
>  
> -		if (kernel_is_locked_down(reason)) {
> +		/* If IMA is guaranteed to appraise a signature on the kexec
> +		 * image, permit it even if the kernel is otherwise locked
> +		 * down.
> +		 */
> +		if (!ima_appraise_signature(READING_KEXEC_IMAGE) &&
> +		    kernel_is_locked_down(reason)) {
>  			ret = -EPERM;
>  			goto out;
>  		}
> diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
> index cc12f3449a72..fe03cc6f1ca4 100644
> --- a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
> +++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
> @@ -115,6 +115,8 @@ struct ima_kexec_hdr {
>  	u64 count;
>  };
>  
> +extern const int read_idmap[];
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_IMA_KEXEC
>  void ima_load_kexec_buffer(void);
>  #else
> diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
> index 4ffac4f5c647..106f06dee9d1 100644
> --- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
> +++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
> @@ -442,7 +442,7 @@ int ima_read_file(struct file *file, enum kernel_read_file_id read_id)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static const int read_idmap[READING_MAX_ID] = {
> +const int read_idmap[READING_MAX_ID] = {
>  	[READING_FIRMWARE] = FIRMWARE_CHECK,
>  	[READING_FIRMWARE_PREALLOC_BUFFER] = FIRMWARE_CHECK,
>  	[READING_MODULE] = MODULE_CHECK,
> diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
> index 122797023bdb..f8f1cdb74a4f 100644
> --- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
> +++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
> @@ -1341,3 +1341,53 @@ int ima_policy_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  #endif	/* CONFIG_IMA_READ_POLICY */
> +
> +#if defined(CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE) && defined(CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING)
> +/*
> + * ima_appraise_signature: whether IMA will appraise a given function using
> + * an IMA digital signature. This is restricted to cases where the kernel
> + * has a set of built-in trusted keys in order to avoid an attacker simply
> + * loading additional keys.
> + */
> +bool ima_appraise_signature(enum kernel_read_file_id id)
> +{
> +	struct ima_rule_entry *entry;
> +	bool found = false;
> +	enum ima_hooks func;
> +
> +	if (id >= READING_MAX_ID)
> +		return false;
> +
> +	func = read_idmap[id] ?: FILE_CHECK;
> +
> +	rcu_read_lock();
> +	list_for_each_entry_rcu(entry, ima_rules, list) {
> +		if (entry->action != APPRAISE)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * A generic entry will match, but otherwise require that it
> +		 * match the func we're looking for
> +		 */
> +		if (entry->func && entry->func != func)
> +			continue;
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * We require this to be a digital signature, not a raw IMA
> +		 * hash.
> +		 */
> +		if (entry->flags & IMA_DIGSIG_REQUIRED)
> +			found = true;
> +
> +		/*
> +		 * We've found a rule that matches, so break now even if it
> +		 * didn't require a digital signature - a later rule that does
> +		 * won't override it, so would be a false positive.
> +		 */
> +		break;
> +	}
> +
> +	rcu_read_unlock();
> +	return found;
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_IMA_APPRAISE && CONFIG_INTEGRITY_TRUSTED_KEYRING */


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 22/27] Lock down kprobes
  2019-03-26 12:29   ` Masami Hiramatsu
@ 2019-03-26 17:41     ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-26 22:47       ` Masami Hiramatsu
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-26 17:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Masami Hiramatsu
  Cc: James Morris, LSM List, Linux Kernel Mailing List, David Howells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, Naveen N . Rao, Anil S Keshavamurthy, davem

On Tue, Mar 26, 2019 at 5:30 AM Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:49 -0700
> Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:
>
> > From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> >
> > Disallow the creation of kprobes when the kernel is locked down by
> > preventing their registration.  This prevents kprobes from being used to
> > access kernel memory, either to make modifications or to steal crypto data.
>
> Hmm, if you enforce signature check of modules, those modules
> should be allowed to use kprobes?
> I think we should introduce some kind of trust inheritance from
> signed (trusted) modules.

Is there any way to install a kprobe /without/ it coming from a
module? The presumption in lockdown mode is that module signing is
enforced, so I'll admit to not being entirely clear on why this patch
is needed in that case.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-26  0:10     ` Andy Lutomirski
@ 2019-03-26 18:57       ` James Morris
  2019-03-26 19:22         ` Andy Lutomirski
  2019-03-26 20:19         ` Matthew Garrett
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: James Morris @ 2019-03-26 18:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andy Lutomirski
  Cc: Stephen Hemminger, Linux API, Matthew Garrett, LSM List, LKML,
	David Howells, Alexei Starovoitov, Network Development,
	Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann, Kees Cook, Will Drewry

On Mon, 25 Mar 2019, Andy Lutomirski wrote:

> A while back, I suggested an approach to actually make this stuff
> mergeable: submit a patch series that adds lockdown mode, enables it
> by command line option (and maybe sysctl) *only* and has either no
> effect or only a token effect.  Then we can add actual features to
> lockdown mode one at a time and review them separately.

This makes sense to me.

> 
> And I'm going to complain loudly unless two things change about this
> whole thing:
> 
> 1. Lockdown mode becomes three states, not a boolean.  The states are:
> no lockdown, best-effort-to-protect-kernel-integrity, and
> best-effort-to-protect-kernel-secrecy-and-integrity.  And this BPF
> mess illustrates why: most users will really strongly object to
> turning off BPF when they actually just want to protect kernel
> integrity.  And as far as I know, things like Secure Boot policy will
> mostly care about integrity, not secrecy, and tracing and such should
> work on a normal locked-down kernel.  So I think we need this knob.

Another approach would be to make this entirely policy based:

- Assign an ID to each lockdown point
- Implement a policy mechanism where each ID is mapped to 0 or 1
- Allow this policy to be specified statically or dynamically

So, 

	kernel_is_locked_down("ioperm")

becomes

	kernel_is_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_IOPERM)

and this function checks e.g.

	if (lockdown_polcy[id]) {
		fail or warn;
        }

Thoughts?


> 2. All the proponents of this series, and the documentation, needs to
> document that it's best effort.  There will always be security bugs,
> and there will always be things we miss.

Right.  Maintaining this feature will be an ongoing effort, and if its not 
actively maintained, it will bitrot and become useless.


-- 
James Morris
<jmorris@namei.org>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-26 18:57       ` James Morris
@ 2019-03-26 19:22         ` Andy Lutomirski
  2019-03-28  3:15           ` James Morris
  2019-03-26 20:19         ` Matthew Garrett
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Andy Lutomirski @ 2019-03-26 19:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morris
  Cc: Andy Lutomirski, Stephen Hemminger, Linux API, Matthew Garrett,
	LSM List, LKML, David Howells, Alexei Starovoitov,
	Network Development, Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann, Kees Cook,
	Will Drewry

On Tue, Mar 26, 2019 at 11:57 AM James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> wrote:
>
> On Mon, 25 Mar 2019, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>
> > A while back, I suggested an approach to actually make this stuff
> > mergeable: submit a patch series that adds lockdown mode, enables it
> > by command line option (and maybe sysctl) *only* and has either no
> > effect or only a token effect.  Then we can add actual features to
> > lockdown mode one at a time and review them separately.
>
> This makes sense to me.
>
> >
> > And I'm going to complain loudly unless two things change about this
> > whole thing:
> >
> > 1. Lockdown mode becomes three states, not a boolean.  The states are:
> > no lockdown, best-effort-to-protect-kernel-integrity, and
> > best-effort-to-protect-kernel-secrecy-and-integrity.  And this BPF
> > mess illustrates why: most users will really strongly object to
> > turning off BPF when they actually just want to protect kernel
> > integrity.  And as far as I know, things like Secure Boot policy will
> > mostly care about integrity, not secrecy, and tracing and such should
> > work on a normal locked-down kernel.  So I think we need this knob.
>
> Another approach would be to make this entirely policy based:
>
> - Assign an ID to each lockdown point
> - Implement a policy mechanism where each ID is mapped to 0 or 1
> - Allow this policy to be specified statically or dynamically
>
> So,
>
>         kernel_is_locked_down("ioperm")
>
> becomes
>
>         kernel_is_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_IOPERM)
>
> and this function checks e.g.
>
>         if (lockdown_polcy[id]) {
>                 fail or warn;
>         }
>
> Thoughts?

I'm concerned that this gives too much useless flexibility to
administrators and user code in general.  If you can break kernel
integrity, you can break kernel integrity -- it shouldn't really
matter *how* you break it.

--Andy

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-26 18:57       ` James Morris
  2019-03-26 19:22         ` Andy Lutomirski
@ 2019-03-26 20:19         ` Matthew Garrett
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-26 20:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morris
  Cc: Andy Lutomirski, Stephen Hemminger, Linux API, LSM List, LKML,
	David Howells, Alexei Starovoitov, Network Development,
	Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann, Kees Cook, Will Drewry

On Tue, Mar 26, 2019 at 11:57 AM James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> wrote:
> - Assign an ID to each lockdown point
> - Implement a policy mechanism where each ID is mapped to 0 or 1
> - Allow this policy to be specified statically or dynamically

One of the problems with this approach is what the default behaviour
should be when a new feature is added. If an admin fails to notice
that there's now a new policy element, they run the risk of kernel
integrity being compromised via the new feature even if the rest of
the kernel is locked down.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 22/27] Lock down kprobes
  2019-03-26 17:41     ` Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-26 22:47       ` Masami Hiramatsu
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Masami Hiramatsu @ 2019-03-26 22:47 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: James Morris, LSM List, Linux Kernel Mailing List, David Howells,
	Alexei Starovoitov, Naveen N . Rao, Anil S Keshavamurthy, davem

On Tue, 26 Mar 2019 10:41:23 -0700
Matthew Garrett <mjg59@google.com> wrote:

> On Tue, Mar 26, 2019 at 5:30 AM Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon, 25 Mar 2019 15:09:49 -0700
> > Matthew Garrett <matthewgarrett@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > > From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> > >
> > > Disallow the creation of kprobes when the kernel is locked down by
> > > preventing their registration.  This prevents kprobes from being used to
> > > access kernel memory, either to make modifications or to steal crypto data.
> >
> > Hmm, if you enforce signature check of modules, those modules
> > should be allowed to use kprobes?
> > I think we should introduce some kind of trust inheritance from
> > signed (trusted) modules.
> 
> Is there any way to install a kprobe /without/ it coming from a
> module? The presumption in lockdown mode is that module signing is
> enforced, so I'll admit to not being entirely clear on why this patch
> is needed in that case.

Yes, there are 2 paths, ftrace and perf(bpf). If you want to disable ftrace
path (which start from user's input via tracefs), this should be done in
trace_kprobe_create()@kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c.
If you want to disable both, __register_trace_kprobe()@kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
is the best place.

Thank you,

-- 
Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-26 19:22         ` Andy Lutomirski
@ 2019-03-28  3:15           ` James Morris
  2019-03-28 18:07             ` Matthew Garrett
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: James Morris @ 2019-03-28  3:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andy Lutomirski
  Cc: Stephen Hemminger, Linux API, Matthew Garrett, LSM List, LKML,
	David Howells, Alexei Starovoitov, Network Development,
	Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann, Kees Cook, Will Drewry

On Tue, 26 Mar 2019, Andy Lutomirski wrote:

> >
> >         kernel_is_locked_down("ioperm")
> >
> > becomes
> >
> >         kernel_is_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_IOPERM)
> >
> > and this function checks e.g.
> >
> >         if (lockdown_polcy[id]) {
> >                 fail or warn;
> >         }
> >
> > Thoughts?
> 
> I'm concerned that this gives too much useless flexibility to
> administrators and user code in general.  If you can break kernel
> integrity, you can break kernel integrity -- it shouldn't really
> matter *how* you break it.

OTOH, this seems like a combination of mechanism and policy. The 3 modes 
are a help here, but I wonder if they may be too coarse grained still, 
e.g. if someone wants to allow a specific mechanism according to their own 
threat model and mitigations.

Secure boot gives you some assurance of the static state of the system at 
boot time, and lockdown is certainly useful (with or without secure boot), 
but it's not a complete solution to runtime kernel integrity protection by 
any stretch of the imagination.  I'm concerned about it being perceived as 
such.

I'm not sure how to think about it architecturally and how it fits as such 
in the mainline kernel.


-- 
James Morris
<jmorris@namei.org>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-28  3:15           ` James Morris
@ 2019-03-28 18:07             ` Matthew Garrett
  2019-03-28 19:23               ` James Morris
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-28 18:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morris
  Cc: Andy Lutomirski, Stephen Hemminger, Linux API, LSM List, LKML,
	David Howells, Alexei Starovoitov, Network Development,
	Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann, Kees Cook, Will Drewry

On Wed, Mar 27, 2019 at 8:15 PM James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> wrote:
> OTOH, this seems like a combination of mechanism and policy. The 3 modes
> are a help here, but I wonder if they may be too coarse grained still,
> e.g. if someone wants to allow a specific mechanism according to their own
> threat model and mitigations.

In general the interfaces blocked by these patches could also be
blocked with an LSM, and I'd guess that people with more fine-grained
requirements would probably take that approach.

> Secure boot gives you some assurance of the static state of the system at
> boot time, and lockdown is certainly useful (with or without secure boot),
> but it's not a complete solution to runtime kernel integrity protection by
> any stretch of the imagination.  I'm concerned about it being perceived as
> such.

What do you think the functionality gaps are in terms of ensuring
kernel integrity (other than kernel flaws that allow the restrictions
to be bypassed)?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-28 18:07             ` Matthew Garrett
@ 2019-03-28 19:23               ` James Morris
  2019-03-28 20:08                 ` Matthew Garrett
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 53+ messages in thread
From: James Morris @ 2019-03-28 19:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Matthew Garrett
  Cc: Andy Lutomirski, Stephen Hemminger, Linux API, LSM List, LKML,
	David Howells, Alexei Starovoitov, Network Development,
	Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann, Kees Cook, Will Drewry

On Thu, 28 Mar 2019, Matthew Garrett wrote:

> On Wed, Mar 27, 2019 at 8:15 PM James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> wrote:
> > OTOH, this seems like a combination of mechanism and policy. The 3 modes
> > are a help here, but I wonder if they may be too coarse grained still,
> > e.g. if someone wants to allow a specific mechanism according to their own
> > threat model and mitigations.
> 
> In general the interfaces blocked by these patches could also be
> blocked with an LSM, and I'd guess that people with more fine-grained
> requirements would probably take that approach.

So... I have to ask, why not use LSM for this in the first place?

Either with an existing module or perhaps a lockdown LSM?

> 
> > Secure boot gives you some assurance of the static state of the system at
> > boot time, and lockdown is certainly useful (with or without secure boot),
> > but it's not a complete solution to runtime kernel integrity protection by
> > any stretch of the imagination.  I'm concerned about it being perceived as
> > such.
> 
> What do you think the functionality gaps are in terms of ensuring
> kernel integrity (other than kernel flaws that allow the restrictions
> to be bypassed)?

I don't know of any non-flaw gaps.

-- 
James Morris
<jmorris@namei.org>


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down
  2019-03-28 19:23               ` James Morris
@ 2019-03-28 20:08                 ` Matthew Garrett
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: Matthew Garrett @ 2019-03-28 20:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: James Morris
  Cc: Andy Lutomirski, Stephen Hemminger, Linux API, LSM List, LKML,
	David Howells, Alexei Starovoitov, Network Development,
	Chun-Yi Lee, Daniel Borkmann, Kees Cook, Will Drewry

On Thu, Mar 28, 2019 at 12:23 PM James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> wrote:
>
> On Thu, 28 Mar 2019, Matthew Garrett wrote:
>
> > On Wed, Mar 27, 2019 at 8:15 PM James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> wrote:
> > > OTOH, this seems like a combination of mechanism and policy. The 3 modes
> > > are a help here, but I wonder if they may be too coarse grained still,
> > > e.g. if someone wants to allow a specific mechanism according to their own
> > > threat model and mitigations.
> >
> > In general the interfaces blocked by these patches could also be
> > blocked with an LSM, and I'd guess that people with more fine-grained
> > requirements would probably take that approach.
>
> So... I have to ask, why not use LSM for this in the first place?
>
> Either with an existing module or perhaps a lockdown LSM?

Some of it isn't really achievable that way - for instance, enforcing
module or kexec signatures. We have other mechanisms that can be used
to enable that which could be done at the more fine-grained level, but
a design goal was to make it possible to automatically enable a full
set of integrity protections under specified circumstances.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: Disable when the kernel is locked down
  2017-10-19 14:51 ` [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: Disable when the kernel is locked down David Howells
  2017-10-20  6:41   ` joeyli
@ 2017-10-20 23:29   ` James Morris
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: James Morris @ 2017-10-20 23:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David Howells
  Cc: linux-security-module, gnomes, linux-efi, matthew.garrett,
	gregkh, linux-kernel, jforbes

On Thu, 19 Oct 2017, David Howells wrote:

> From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
> 
> uswsusp allows a user process to dump and then restore kernel state, which
> makes it possible to modify the running kernel.  Disable this if the kernel
> is locked down.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>


Reviewed-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>

-- 
James Morris
<james.l.morris@oracle.com>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: Disable when the kernel is locked down
  2017-10-19 14:51 ` [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: Disable when the kernel is locked down David Howells
@ 2017-10-20  6:41   ` joeyli
  2017-10-20 23:29   ` James Morris
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: joeyli @ 2017-10-20  6:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David Howells
  Cc: linux-security-module, gnomes, linux-efi, matthew.garrett,
	gregkh, linux-kernel, jforbes

On Thu, Oct 19, 2017 at 03:51:42PM +0100, David Howells wrote:
> From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
> 
> uswsusp allows a user process to dump and then restore kernel state, which
> makes it possible to modify the running kernel.  Disable this if the kernel
> is locked down.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
> Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org

I have reviewed and tested this patch. Please feel free to add:

Reviewed-by: "Lee, Chun-Yi" <jlee@suse.com>

Thanks a lot!
Joey Lee

> ---
> 
>  kernel/power/user.c |    3 +++
>  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/kernel/power/user.c b/kernel/power/user.c
> index 22df9f7ff672..678ade9decfe 100644
> --- a/kernel/power/user.c
> +++ b/kernel/power/user.c
> @@ -52,6 +52,9 @@ static int snapshot_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
>  	if (!hibernation_available())
>  		return -EPERM;
>  
> +	if (kernel_is_locked_down("/dev/snapshot"))
> +		return -EPERM;
> +
>  	lock_system_sleep();
>  
>  	if (!atomic_add_unless(&snapshot_device_available, -1, 0)) {
> 
> --
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-efi" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: Disable when the kernel is locked down
  2017-10-19 14:50 [PATCH 00/27] security, efi: Add kernel lockdown David Howells
@ 2017-10-19 14:51 ` David Howells
  2017-10-20  6:41   ` joeyli
  2017-10-20 23:29   ` James Morris
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 53+ messages in thread
From: David Howells @ 2017-10-19 14:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linux-security-module
  Cc: gnomes, linux-efi, matthew.garrett, gregkh, linux-kernel,
	dhowells, jforbes

From: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>

uswsusp allows a user process to dump and then restore kernel state, which
makes it possible to modify the running kernel.  Disable this if the kernel
is locked down.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org
---

 kernel/power/user.c |    3 +++
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/power/user.c b/kernel/power/user.c
index 22df9f7ff672..678ade9decfe 100644
--- a/kernel/power/user.c
+++ b/kernel/power/user.c
@@ -52,6 +52,9 @@ static int snapshot_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
 	if (!hibernation_available())
 		return -EPERM;
 
+	if (kernel_is_locked_down("/dev/snapshot"))
+		return -EPERM;
+
 	lock_system_sleep();
 
 	if (!atomic_add_unless(&snapshot_device_available, -1, 0)) {

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 53+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 53+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-03-25 22:09 [PULL REQUEST] Lockdown patches for 5.2 Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 01/27] Add the ability to lock down access to the running kernel image Matthew Garrett
2019-03-26  5:30   ` Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 02/27] Enforce module signatures if the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 03/27] Restrict /dev/{mem,kmem,port} when " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 04/27] kexec_load: Disable at runtime if " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 05/27] Copy secure_boot flag in boot params across kexec reboot Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 06/27] kexec_file: split KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG into KEXEC_SIG and KEXEC_SIG_FORCE Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 07/27] kexec_file: Restrict at runtime if the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 08/27] hibernate: Disable when " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 10/27] PCI: Lock down BAR access " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 11/27] x86: Lock down IO port " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 12/27] x86/msr: Restrict MSR " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 23:40   ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 13/27] ACPI: Limit access to custom_method " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 14/27] acpi: Ignore acpi_rsdp kernel param when the kernel has been " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 15/27] acpi: Disable ACPI table override if the kernel is " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 16/27] acpi: Disable APEI error injection " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 17/27] Prohibit PCMCIA CIS storage when " Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 18/27] Lock down TIOCSSERIAL Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 19/27] Lock down module params that specify hardware parameters (eg. ioport) Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 20/27] x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 23:35   ` Steven Rostedt
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 21/27] Lock down /proc/kcore Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 22/27] Lock down kprobes Matthew Garrett
2019-03-26 12:29   ` Masami Hiramatsu
2019-03-26 17:41     ` Matthew Garrett
2019-03-26 22:47       ` Masami Hiramatsu
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 23/27] bpf: Restrict kernel image access functions when the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 23:42   ` Stephen Hemminger
2019-03-25 23:59     ` Stephen Hemminger
2019-03-26  0:00     ` Daniel Borkmann
2019-03-26 13:54       ` Jordan Glover
2019-03-26  0:10     ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-03-26 18:57       ` James Morris
2019-03-26 19:22         ` Andy Lutomirski
2019-03-28  3:15           ` James Morris
2019-03-28 18:07             ` Matthew Garrett
2019-03-28 19:23               ` James Morris
2019-03-28 20:08                 ` Matthew Garrett
2019-03-26 20:19         ` Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 24/27] Lock down perf Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 25/27] debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down Matthew Garrett
2019-03-26  0:31   ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2019-03-26  0:38     ` Matthew Garrett
2019-03-26  0:43       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 26/27] lockdown: Print current->comm in restriction messages Matthew Garrett
2019-03-25 22:09 ` [PATCH 27/27] kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down Matthew Garrett
2019-03-26 15:33   ` Mimi Zohar
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2017-10-19 14:50 [PATCH 00/27] security, efi: Add kernel lockdown David Howells
2017-10-19 14:51 ` [PATCH 09/27] uswsusp: Disable when the kernel is locked down David Howells
2017-10-20  6:41   ` joeyli
2017-10-20 23:29   ` James Morris

LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
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	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/1 lkml/git/1.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/2 lkml/git/2.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/3 lkml/git/3.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4 lkml/git/4.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/5 lkml/git/5.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/6 lkml/git/6.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/7 lkml/git/7.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/8 lkml/git/8.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/9 lkml/git/9.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/10 lkml/git/10.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 lkml lkml/ https://lore.kernel.org/lkml \
		linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index lkml

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-kernel


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git