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From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
To: peterz@infradead.org, mingo@kernel.org
Cc: yabinc@google.com, acme@kernel.org,
	alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com, jolsa@redhat.com,
	namhyung@kernel.org, mark.rutland@arm.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Subject: [PATCH 1/4] perf/ring_buffer: Fix exposing a temporarily decreased data_head.
Date: Fri, 17 May 2019 13:52:31 +0200
Message-ID: <20190517115418.224478157@infradead.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190517115230.437269790@infradead.org>

In perf_output_put_handle(), an IRQ/NMI can happen in below location and
write records to the same ring buffer:
	...
	local_dec_and_test(&rb->nest)
	...                          <-- an IRQ/NMI can happen here
	rb->user_page->data_head = head;
	...

In this case, a value A is written to data_head in the IRQ, then a value
B is written to data_head after the IRQ. And A > B. As a result,
data_head is temporarily decreased from A to B. And a reader may see
data_head < data_tail if it read the buffer frequently enough, which
creates unexpected behaviors.

This can be fixed by moving dec(&rb->nest) to after updating data_head,
which prevents the IRQ/NMI above from updating data_head.

Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@kernel.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Fixes: ef60777c9abd ("perf: Optimize the perf_output() path by removing IRQ-disables")
Signed-off-by: Yabin Cui <yabinc@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190516184010.167903-1-yabinc@google.com
---
 kernel/events/ring_buffer.c |   24 ++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
+++ b/kernel/events/ring_buffer.c
@@ -51,11 +51,18 @@ static void perf_output_put_handle(struc
 	head = local_read(&rb->head);
 
 	/*
-	 * IRQ/NMI can happen here, which means we can miss a head update.
+	 * IRQ/NMI can happen here and advance @rb->head, causing our
+	 * load above to be stale.
 	 */
 
-	if (!local_dec_and_test(&rb->nest))
+	/*
+	 * If this isn't the outermost nesting, we don't have to update
+	 * @rb->user_page->data_head.
+	 */
+	if (local_read(&rb->nest) > 1) {
+		local_dec(&rb->nest);
 		goto out;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * Since the mmap() consumer (userspace) can run on a different CPU:
@@ -87,9 +94,18 @@ static void perf_output_put_handle(struc
 	rb->user_page->data_head = head;
 
 	/*
-	 * Now check if we missed an update -- rely on previous implied
-	 * compiler barriers to force a re-read.
+	 * We must publish the head before decrementing the nest count,
+	 * otherwise an IRQ/NMI can publish a more recent head value and our
+	 * write will (temporarily) publish a stale value.
+	 */
+	barrier();
+	local_set(&rb->nest, 0);
+
+	/*
+	 * Ensure we decrement @rb->nest before we validate the @rb->head.
+	 * Otherwise we cannot be sure we caught the 'last' nested update.
 	 */
+	barrier();
 	if (unlikely(head != local_read(&rb->head))) {
 		local_inc(&rb->nest);
 		goto again;



  reply index

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-05-17 11:52 [PATCH 0/4] perf ring-buffer fixes Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-17 11:52 ` Peter Zijlstra [this message]
2019-05-17 13:05   ` [PATCH 1/4] perf/ring_buffer: Fix exposing a temporarily decreased data_head Ingo Molnar
2019-05-17 14:26     ` Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-24  7:01       ` Ingo Molnar
2019-05-24  8:08   ` [tip:perf/urgent] " tip-bot for Yabin Cui
2019-05-17 11:52 ` [PATCH 2/4] perf/ring_buffer: Add ordering to rb->nest increment Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-24  8:08   ` [tip:perf/urgent] " tip-bot for Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-17 11:52 ` [PATCH 3/4] perf/ring-buffer: Always use {READ,WRITE}_ONCE() for rb->user_page data Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-24  8:09   ` [tip:perf/urgent] " tip-bot for Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-17 11:52 ` [PATCH 4/4] perf/ring-buffer: Use regular variables for nesting Peter Zijlstra
2019-05-24  8:10   ` [tip:perf/urgent] " tip-bot for Peter Zijlstra

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