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From: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
To: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>,
	Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>,
	Suravee.Suthikulpanit@amd.com, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Thomas.Lendacky@amd.com, Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>,
	Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
Subject: [PATCH v4 2/2] sched/topology: Improve load balancing on AMD EPYC
Date: Thu,  8 Aug 2019 20:53:01 +0100
Message-ID: <20190808195301.13222-3-matt@codeblueprint.co.uk> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190808195301.13222-1-matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>

SD_BALANCE_{FORK,EXEC} and SD_WAKE_AFFINE are stripped in sd_init()
for any sched domains with a NUMA distance greater than 2 hops
(RECLAIM_DISTANCE). The idea being that it's expensive to balance
across domains that far apart.

However, as is rather unfortunately explained in

  commit 32e45ff43eaf ("mm: increase RECLAIM_DISTANCE to 30")

the value for RECLAIM_DISTANCE is based on node distance tables from
2011-era hardware.

Current AMD EPYC machines have the following NUMA node distances:

node distances:
node   0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7
  0:  10  16  16  16  32  32  32  32
  1:  16  10  16  16  32  32  32  32
  2:  16  16  10  16  32  32  32  32
  3:  16  16  16  10  32  32  32  32
  4:  32  32  32  32  10  16  16  16
  5:  32  32  32  32  16  10  16  16
  6:  32  32  32  32  16  16  10  16
  7:  32  32  32  32  16  16  16  10

where 2 hops is 32.

The result is that the scheduler fails to load balance properly across
NUMA nodes on different sockets -- 2 hops apart.

For example, pinning 16 busy threads to NUMA nodes 0 (CPUs 0-7) and 4
(CPUs 32-39) like so,

  $ numactl -C 0-7,32-39 ./spinner 16

causes all threads to fork and remain on node 0 until the active
balancer kicks in after a few seconds and forcibly moves some threads
to node 4.

Override node_reclaim_distance for AMD Zen.

Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt@codeblueprint.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Suravee.Suthikulpanit@amd.com
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Thomas.Lendacky@amd.com
---
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c |  5 +++++
 include/linux/topology.h  | 14 ++++++++++++++
 kernel/sched/topology.c   |  3 ++-
 mm/khugepaged.c           |  2 +-
 mm/page_alloc.c           |  2 +-
 5 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
index 8d4e50428b68..ceeb8afc7cf3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/amd.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/sched/clock.h>
 #include <linux/random.h>
+#include <linux/topology.h>
 #include <asm/processor.h>
 #include <asm/apic.h>
 #include <asm/cacheinfo.h>
@@ -824,6 +825,10 @@ static void init_amd_zn(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 {
 	set_cpu_cap(c, X86_FEATURE_ZEN);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
+	node_reclaim_distance = 32;
+#endif
+
 	/*
 	 * Fix erratum 1076: CPB feature bit not being set in CPUID.
 	 * Always set it, except when running under a hypervisor.
diff --git a/include/linux/topology.h b/include/linux/topology.h
index 47a3e3c08036..579522ec446c 100644
--- a/include/linux/topology.h
+++ b/include/linux/topology.h
@@ -59,6 +59,20 @@ int arch_update_cpu_topology(void);
  */
 #define RECLAIM_DISTANCE 30
 #endif
+
+/*
+ * The following tunable allows platforms to override the default node
+ * reclaim distance (RECLAIM_DISTANCE) if remote memory accesses are
+ * sufficiently fast that the default value actually hurts
+ * performance.
+ *
+ * AMD EPYC machines use this because even though the 2-hop distance
+ * is 32 (3.2x slower than a local memory access) performance actually
+ * *improves* if allowed to reclaim memory and load balance tasks
+ * between NUMA nodes 2-hops apart.
+ */
+extern int __read_mostly node_reclaim_distance;
+
 #ifndef PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS
 #define PENALTY_FOR_NODE_WITH_CPUS	(1)
 #endif
diff --git a/kernel/sched/topology.c b/kernel/sched/topology.c
index 8f83e8e3ea9a..b5667a273bf6 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/topology.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/topology.c
@@ -1284,6 +1284,7 @@ static int			sched_domains_curr_level;
 int				sched_max_numa_distance;
 static int			*sched_domains_numa_distance;
 static struct cpumask		***sched_domains_numa_masks;
+int __read_mostly		node_reclaim_distance = RECLAIM_DISTANCE;
 #endif
 
 /*
@@ -1402,7 +1403,7 @@ sd_init(struct sched_domain_topology_level *tl,
 
 		sd->flags &= ~SD_PREFER_SIBLING;
 		sd->flags |= SD_SERIALIZE;
-		if (sched_domains_numa_distance[tl->numa_level] > RECLAIM_DISTANCE) {
+		if (sched_domains_numa_distance[tl->numa_level] > node_reclaim_distance) {
 			sd->flags &= ~(SD_BALANCE_EXEC |
 				       SD_BALANCE_FORK |
 				       SD_WAKE_AFFINE);
diff --git a/mm/khugepaged.c b/mm/khugepaged.c
index eaaa21b23215..ccede2425c3f 100644
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c
+++ b/mm/khugepaged.c
@@ -710,7 +710,7 @@ static bool khugepaged_scan_abort(int nid)
 	for (i = 0; i < MAX_NUMNODES; i++) {
 		if (!khugepaged_node_load[i])
 			continue;
-		if (node_distance(nid, i) > RECLAIM_DISTANCE)
+		if (node_distance(nid, i) > node_reclaim_distance)
 			return true;
 	}
 	return false;
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 272c6de1bf4e..0d54cd2c43a4 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -3522,7 +3522,7 @@ bool zone_watermark_ok_safe(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
 static bool zone_allows_reclaim(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
 {
 	return node_distance(zone_to_nid(local_zone), zone_to_nid(zone)) <=
-				RECLAIM_DISTANCE;
+				node_reclaim_distance;
 }
 #else	/* CONFIG_NUMA */
 static bool zone_allows_reclaim(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
-- 
2.13.7


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 8+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-08 19:52 [PATCH v4 0/2] sched: " Matt Fleming
2019-08-08 19:53 ` [PATCH 1/2] ia64: Make NUMA select SMP Matt Fleming
2019-09-03  8:31   ` [tip: sched/core] arch, " tip-bot2 for Matt Fleming
2019-08-08 19:53 ` Matt Fleming [this message]
2019-09-03  8:31   ` [tip: sched/core] sched/topology: Improve load balancing on AMD EPYC systems tip-bot2 for Matt Fleming
2019-10-07 15:28   ` [PATCH v4 2/2] sched/topology: Improve load balancing on AMD EPYC Guenter Roeck
2019-10-09 12:04     ` Matt Fleming
2019-10-09 12:39       ` Guenter Roeck

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