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From: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
To: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>, Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu
Cc: "Steven Price" <steven.price@arm.com>,
	"Catalin Marinas" <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	"Paolo Bonzini" <pbonzini@redhat.com>,
	"Radim Krčmář" <rkrcmar@redhat.com>,
	"Russell King" <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	"James Morse" <james.morse@arm.com>,
	"Julien Thierry" <julien.thierry.kdev@gmail.com>,
	"Suzuki K Pouloze" <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>,
	"Mark Rutland" <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Subject: [PATCH v2 1/9] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface
Date: Mon, 19 Aug 2019 15:04:28 +0100
Message-ID: <20190819140436.12207-2-steven.price@arm.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190819140436.12207-1-steven.price@arm.com>

Introduce a paravirtualization interface for KVM/arm64 based on the
"Arm Paravirtualized Time for Arm-Base Systems" specification DEN 0057A.

This only adds the details about "Stolen Time" as the details of "Live
Physical Time" have not been fully agreed.

User space can specify a reserved area of memory for the guest and
inform KVM to populate the memory with information on time that the host
kernel has stolen from the guest.

A hypercall interface is provided for the guest to interrogate the
hypervisor's support for this interface and the location of the shared
memory structures.

Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
---
 Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 100 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt b/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1ceb118694e7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,100 @@
+Paravirtualized time support for arm64
+======================================
+
+Arm specification DEN0057/A defined a standard for paravirtualised time
+support for AArch64 guests:
+
+https://developer.arm.com/docs/den0057/a
+
+KVM/arm64 implements the stolen time part of this specification by providing
+some hypervisor service calls to support a paravirtualized guest obtaining a
+view of the amount of time stolen from its execution.
+
+Two new SMCCC compatible hypercalls are defined:
+
+PV_FEATURES 0xC5000020
+PV_TIME_ST  0xC5000022
+
+These are only available in the SMC64/HVC64 calling convention as
+paravirtualized time is not available to 32 bit Arm guests. The existence of
+the PV_FEATURES hypercall should be probed using the SMCCC 1.1 ARCH_FEATURES
+mechanism before calling it.
+
+PV_FEATURES
+    Function ID:  (uint32)  : 0xC5000020
+    PV_func_id:   (uint32)  : Either PV_TIME_LPT or PV_TIME_ST
+    Return value: (int32)   : NOT_SUPPORTED (-1) or SUCCESS (0) if the relevant
+                              PV-time feature is supported by the hypervisor.
+
+PV_TIME_ST
+    Function ID:  (uint32)  : 0xC5000022
+    Return value: (int64)   : IPA of the stolen time data structure for this
+                              (V)CPU. On failure:
+                              NOT_SUPPORTED (-1)
+
+The IPA returned by PV_TIME_ST should be mapped by the guest as normal memory
+with inner and outer write back caching attributes, in the inner shareable
+domain. A total of 16 bytes from the IPA returned are guaranteed to be
+meaningfully filled by the hypervisor (see structure below).
+
+PV_TIME_ST returns the structure for the calling VCPU.
+
+Stolen Time
+-----------
+
+The structure pointed to by the PV_TIME_ST hypercall is as follows:
+
+  Field       | Byte Length | Byte Offset | Description
+  ----------- | ----------- | ----------- | --------------------------
+  Revision    |      4      |      0      | Must be 0 for version 0.1
+  Attributes  |      4      |      4      | Must be 0
+  Stolen time |      8      |      8      | Stolen time in unsigned
+              |             |             | nanoseconds indicating how
+              |             |             | much time this VCPU thread
+              |             |             | was involuntarily not
+              |             |             | running on a physical CPU.
+
+The structure will be updated by the hypervisor prior to scheduling a VCPU. It
+will be present within a reserved region of the normal memory given to the
+guest. The guest should not attempt to write into this memory. There is a
+structure per VCPU of the guest.
+
+User space interface
+====================
+
+User space can request that KVM provide the paravirtualized time interface to
+a guest by creating a KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME device, for example:
+
+    struct kvm_create_device pvtime_device = {
+            .type = KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME,
+            .attr = 0,
+            .flags = 0,
+    };
+
+    pvtime_fd = ioctl(vm_fd, KVM_CREATE_DEVICE, &pvtime_device);
+
+Creation of the device should be done after creating the vCPUs of the virtual
+machine.
+
+The IPA of the structures must be given to KVM. This is the base address
+of an array of stolen time structures (one for each VCPU). The base address
+must be page aligned. The size must be at least 64 * number of VCPUs and be a
+multiple of PAGE_SIZE.
+
+The memory for these structures should be added to the guest in the usual
+manner (e.g. using KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION).
+
+For example:
+
+    struct kvm_dev_arm_st_region region = {
+            .gpa = <IPA of guest base address>,
+            .size = <size in bytes>
+    };
+
+    struct kvm_device_attr st_base = {
+            .group = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_PADDR,
+            .attr = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_ST,
+            .addr = (u64)&region
+    };
+
+    ioctl(pvtime_fd, KVM_SET_DEVICE_ATTR, &st_base);
-- 
2.20.1


  reply index

Thread overview: 12+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-19 14:04 [PATCH v2 0/9] arm64: Stolen time support Steven Price
2019-08-19 14:04 ` Steven Price [this message]
2019-08-19 14:04 ` [PATCH v2 2/9] KVM: arm/arm64: Factor out hypercall handling from PSCI code Steven Price
2019-08-19 14:04 ` [PATCH v2 3/9] KVM: arm64: Implement PV_FEATURES call Steven Price
2019-08-19 14:04 ` [PATCH v2 4/9] KVM: arm64: Support stolen time reporting via shared structure Steven Price
2019-08-19 16:40   ` Marc Zyngier
2019-08-21 10:27     ` Steven Price
2019-08-19 14:04 ` [PATCH v2 5/9] KVM: Allow kvm_device_ops to be const Steven Price
2019-08-19 14:04 ` [PATCH v2 6/9] KVM: arm64: Provide a PV_TIME device to user space Steven Price
2019-08-19 14:04 ` [PATCH v2 7/9] arm/arm64: Provide a wrapper for SMCCC 1.1 calls Steven Price
2019-08-19 14:04 ` [PATCH v2 8/9] arm/arm64: Make use of the SMCCC 1.1 wrapper Steven Price
2019-08-19 14:04 ` [PATCH v2 9/9] arm64: Retrieve stolen time as paravirtualized guest Steven Price

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