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From: Stefan Hajnoczi <>
Cc: Vivek Goyal <>,, Miklos Szeredi <>,,
	"Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <>,
	Stefan Hajnoczi <>
Subject: [PATCH] virtio-fs: add Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst
Date: Thu, 29 Aug 2019 14:41:04 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

Add information about the new "virtiofs" file system.

Signed-off-by: Stefan Hajnoczi <>
 Documentation/filesystems/index.rst    | 10 +++++
 Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst | 60 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 70 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/index.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/index.rst
index 2de2fe2ab078..56e94bfc580f 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/index.rst
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/index.rst
@@ -32,3 +32,13 @@ filesystem implementations.
+Documentation for filesystem implementations.
+.. toctree::
+   :maxdepth: 2
+   virtiofs
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst b/Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4f338e3cb3f7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/virtiofs.rst
@@ -0,0 +1,60 @@
+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+virtiofs: virtio-fs host<->guest shared file system
+- Copyright (C) 2019 Red Hat, Inc.
+The virtiofs file system for Linux implements a driver for the paravirtualized
+VIRTIO "virtio-fs" device for guest<->host file system sharing.  It allows a
+guest to mount a directory that has been exported on the host.
+Guests often require access to files residing on the host or remote systems.
+Use cases include making files available to new guests during installation,
+booting from a root file system located on the host, persistent storage for
+stateless or ephemeral guests, and sharing a directory between guests.
+Although it is possible to use existing network file systems for some of these
+tasks, they require configuration steps that are hard to automate and they
+expose the storage network to the guest.  The virtio-fs device was designed to
+solve these problems by providing file system access without networking.
+Furthermore the virtio-fs device takes advantage of the co-location of the
+guest and host to increase performance and provide semantics that are not
+possible with network file systems.
+Mount file system with tag ``myfs`` on ``/mnt``:
+.. code-block:: sh
+  guest# mount -t virtiofs myfs /mnt
+Please see for details on how to configure QEMU
+and the virtiofsd daemon.
+Since the virtio-fs device uses the FUSE protocol for file system requests, the
+virtiofs file system for Linux is integrated closely with the FUSE file system
+client.  The guest acts as the FUSE client while the host acts as the FUSE
+server.  The /dev/fuse interface between the kernel and userspace is replaced
+with the virtio-fs device interface.
+FUSE requests are placed into a virtqueue and processed by the host.  The
+response portion of the buffer is filled in by the host and the guest handles
+the request completion.
+Mapping /dev/fuse to virtqueues requires solving differences in semantics
+between /dev/fuse and virtqueues.  Each time the /dev/fuse device is read, the
+FUSE client may choose which request to transfer, making it possible to
+prioritize certain requests over others.  Virtqueues have queue semantics and
+it is not possible to change the order of requests that have been enqueued.
+This is especially important if the virtqueue becomes full since it is then
+impossible to add high priority requests.  In order to address this difference,
+the virtio-fs device uses a "hiprio" virtqueue specifically for requests that
+have priority over normal requests.

             reply	other threads:[~2019-08-29 13:41 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 2+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-29 13:41 Stefan Hajnoczi [this message]
2019-08-29 13:48 ` Miklos Szeredi

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