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From: Andrew Jones <drjones@redhat.com>
To: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
Cc: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>, Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	kvmarm@lists.cs.columbia.edu, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	kvm@vger.kernel.org, Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	linux-doc@vger.kernel.org, Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>,
	Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 01/10] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface
Date: Thu, 29 Aug 2019 19:15:48 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20190829171548.xfk7i2bwnwl4w2po@kamzik.brq.redhat.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190821153656.33429-2-steven.price@arm.com>

On Wed, Aug 21, 2019 at 04:36:47PM +0100, Steven Price wrote:
> Introduce a paravirtualization interface for KVM/arm64 based on the
> "Arm Paravirtualized Time for Arm-Base Systems" specification DEN 0057A.
> 
> This only adds the details about "Stolen Time" as the details of "Live
> Physical Time" have not been fully agreed.
> 
> User space can specify a reserved area of memory for the guest and
> inform KVM to populate the memory with information on time that the host
> kernel has stolen from the guest.
> 
> A hypercall interface is provided for the guest to interrogate the
> hypervisor's support for this interface and the location of the shared
> memory structures.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Steven Price <steven.price@arm.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 100 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt b/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..1ceb118694e7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/arm/pvtime.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,100 @@
> +Paravirtualized time support for arm64
> +======================================
> +
> +Arm specification DEN0057/A defined a standard for paravirtualised time
> +support for AArch64 guests:
> +
> +https://developer.arm.com/docs/den0057/a
> +
> +KVM/arm64 implements the stolen time part of this specification by providing
> +some hypervisor service calls to support a paravirtualized guest obtaining a
> +view of the amount of time stolen from its execution.
> +
> +Two new SMCCC compatible hypercalls are defined:
> +
> +PV_FEATURES 0xC5000020
> +PV_TIME_ST  0xC5000022
> +
> +These are only available in the SMC64/HVC64 calling convention as
> +paravirtualized time is not available to 32 bit Arm guests. The existence of
> +the PV_FEATURES hypercall should be probed using the SMCCC 1.1 ARCH_FEATURES
> +mechanism before calling it.
> +
> +PV_FEATURES
> +    Function ID:  (uint32)  : 0xC5000020
> +    PV_func_id:   (uint32)  : Either PV_TIME_LPT or PV_TIME_ST
> +    Return value: (int32)   : NOT_SUPPORTED (-1) or SUCCESS (0) if the relevant
> +                              PV-time feature is supported by the hypervisor.
> +
> +PV_TIME_ST
> +    Function ID:  (uint32)  : 0xC5000022
> +    Return value: (int64)   : IPA of the stolen time data structure for this
> +                              (V)CPU. On failure:

Why the () around the V in VCPU?

> +                              NOT_SUPPORTED (-1)
> +
> +The IPA returned by PV_TIME_ST should be mapped by the guest as normal memory
> +with inner and outer write back caching attributes, in the inner shareable
> +domain. A total of 16 bytes from the IPA returned are guaranteed to be
> +meaningfully filled by the hypervisor (see structure below).
> +
> +PV_TIME_ST returns the structure for the calling VCPU.

The above sentence seems redundant here.

> +
> +Stolen Time
> +-----------
> +
> +The structure pointed to by the PV_TIME_ST hypercall is as follows:
> +
> +  Field       | Byte Length | Byte Offset | Description
> +  ----------- | ----------- | ----------- | --------------------------
> +  Revision    |      4      |      0      | Must be 0 for version 0.1
> +  Attributes  |      4      |      4      | Must be 0
> +  Stolen time |      8      |      8      | Stolen time in unsigned
> +              |             |             | nanoseconds indicating how
> +              |             |             | much time this VCPU thread
> +              |             |             | was involuntarily not
> +              |             |             | running on a physical CPU.
> +
> +The structure will be updated by the hypervisor prior to scheduling a VCPU. It
> +will be present within a reserved region of the normal memory given to the
> +guest. The guest should not attempt to write into this memory. There is a
> +structure per VCPU of the guest.
> +
> +User space interface
> +====================
> +
> +User space can request that KVM provide the paravirtualized time interface to
> +a guest by creating a KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME device, for example:
> +
> +    struct kvm_create_device pvtime_device = {
> +            .type = KVM_DEV_TYPE_ARM_PV_TIME,
> +            .attr = 0,
> +            .flags = 0,
> +    };
> +
> +    pvtime_fd = ioctl(vm_fd, KVM_CREATE_DEVICE, &pvtime_device);

The ioctl doesn't return the fd. If the ioctl returns zero the fd will be
in pvtime_device.fd.

> +
> +Creation of the device should be done after creating the vCPUs of the virtual
> +machine.

Or else what? Will an error be reported in that case?

> +
> +The IPA of the structures must be given to KVM. This is the base address
> +of an array of stolen time structures (one for each VCPU). The base address
> +must be page aligned. The size must be at least 64 * number of VCPUs and be a
> +multiple of PAGE_SIZE.
> +
> +The memory for these structures should be added to the guest in the usual
> +manner (e.g. using KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION).

Above it says the guest shouldn't attempt to write the memory. Should
KVM_MEM_READONLY be used with KVM_SET_USER_MEMORY_REGION for it?

> +
> +For example:
> +
> +    struct kvm_dev_arm_st_region region = {
> +            .gpa = <IPA of guest base address>,
> +            .size = <size in bytes>
> +    };
> +
> +    struct kvm_device_attr st_base = {
> +            .group = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_PADDR,

This is KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_REGION in the code.

> +            .attr = KVM_DEV_ARM_PV_TIME_ST,
> +            .addr = (u64)&region
> +    };
> +
> +    ioctl(pvtime_fd, KVM_SET_DEVICE_ATTR, &st_base);
> -- 
> 2.20.1
>

Thanks,
drew 

  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-08-29 17:15 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 36+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-08-21 15:36 [PATCH v3 00/10] arm64: Stolen time support Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 01/10] KVM: arm64: Document PV-time interface Steven Price
2019-08-27  8:44   ` Christoffer Dall
2019-08-28 11:23     ` Steven Price
2019-08-27  8:57   ` Christoffer Dall
2019-08-28 12:09     ` Steven Price
2019-08-30  9:22       ` Christoffer Dall
2019-08-28 13:49     ` Christoffer Dall
2019-08-29 15:21       ` Steven Price
2019-08-29 17:15   ` Andrew Jones [this message]
2019-08-30  8:35     ` Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 02/10] KVM: arm/arm64: Factor out hypercall handling from PSCI code Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 03/10] KVM: arm64: Implement PV_FEATURES call Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 04/10] KVM: Implement kvm_put_guest() Steven Price
2019-08-22 10:29   ` Jonathan Cameron
2019-08-22 10:37     ` Steven Price
2019-08-22 15:28   ` Sean Christopherson
2019-08-22 15:46     ` Steven Price
2019-08-22 16:24       ` Sean Christopherson
2019-08-23 10:33         ` Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 05/10] KVM: arm64: Support stolen time reporting via shared structure Steven Price
2019-08-22 10:39   ` Jonathan Cameron
2019-08-22 11:00     ` Steven Price
2019-08-23 12:07   ` Zenghui Yu
2019-08-23 13:23     ` Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 06/10] KVM: Allow kvm_device_ops to be const Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 07/10] KVM: arm64: Provide a PV_TIME device to user space Steven Price
2019-08-22 10:57   ` Jonathan Cameron
2019-08-22 11:11     ` Steven Price
2019-08-22 11:48       ` Jonathan Cameron
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 08/10] arm/arm64: Provide a wrapper for SMCCC 1.1 calls Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 09/10] arm/arm64: Make use of the SMCCC 1.1 wrapper Steven Price
2019-08-21 15:36 ` [PATCH v3 10/10] arm64: Retrieve stolen time as paravirtualized guest Steven Price
2019-08-23 11:45   ` Zenghui Yu
2019-08-23 14:22     ` Steven Price
2019-08-27 12:43       ` Zenghui Yu

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