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From: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
To: Alexander Duyck <alexander.duyck@gmail.com>
Cc: virtio-dev@lists.oasis-open.org, kvm@vger.kernel.org,
	david@redhat.com, dave.hansen@intel.com,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, willy@infradead.org,
	mhocko@kernel.org, linux-mm@kvack.org, vbabka@suse.cz,
	akpm@linux-foundation.org, mgorman@techsingularity.net,
	linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org, osalvador@suse.de,
	yang.zhang.wz@gmail.com, pagupta@redhat.com,
	konrad.wilk@oracle.com, nitesh@redhat.com, riel@surriel.com,
	lcapitulino@redhat.com, wei.w.wang@intel.com,
	aarcange@redhat.com, pbonzini@redhat.com,
	dan.j.williams@intel.com, alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v10 3/6] mm: Introduce Reported pages
Date: Mon, 23 Sep 2019 04:15:54 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20190923041330-mutt-send-email-mst@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20190918175249.23474.51171.stgit@localhost.localdomain>

On Wed, Sep 18, 2019 at 10:52:49AM -0700, Alexander Duyck wrote:
> From: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> 
> In order to pave the way for free page reporting in virtualized
> environments we will need a way to get pages out of the free lists and
> identify those pages after they have been returned. To accomplish this,
> this patch adds the concept of a Reported Buddy, which is essentially
> meant to just be the Uptodate flag used in conjunction with the Buddy
> page type.
> 
> It adds a set of pointers we shall call "reported_boundary" which
> represent the upper boundary between the unreported and reported pages.
> The general idea is that in order for a page to cross from one side of the
> boundary to the other it will need to verify that it went through the
> reporting process. Ultimately a free list has been fully processed when
> the boundary has been moved from the tail all they way up to occupying the
> first entry in the list.
> 
> One limitation to this approach is that it is essentially a linear search
> and in the case of the free lists we can have pages added to either the
> head or the tail of the list. In order to place limits on this we only
> allow pages to be added before the reported_boundary instead of adding
> to the tail itself. An added advantage to this approach is that we should
> be reducing the overall memory footprint of the guest as it will be more
> likely to recycle warm pages versus trying to allocate the reported pages
> that were likely evicted from the guest memory.
> 
> Since we will only be reporting one zone at a time we keep the boundary
> limited to being defined for just the zone we are currently reporting pages
> from. Doing this we can keep the number of additional pointers needed quite
> small. To flag that the boundaries are in place we use a single bit
> in the zone to indicate that reporting and the boundaries are active.
> 
> We store the index of the boundary pointer used to track the reported page
> in the page->index value. Doing this we can avoid unnecessary computation
> to determine the index value again. There should be no issues with this as
> the value is unused when the page is in the buddy allocator, and is reset
> as soon as the page is removed from the free list.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@linux.intel.com>
> ---
>  include/linux/mmzone.h     |   16 ++++
>  include/linux/page-flags.h |   11 +++
>  mm/Kconfig                 |   11 +++
>  mm/compaction.c            |    5 +
>  mm/memory_hotplug.c        |    2 
>  mm/page_alloc.c            |   67 +++++++++++++++--
>  mm/page_reporting.h        |  178 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  7 files changed, 283 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 mm/page_reporting.h
> 
> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> index 270a7b493174..53922c30b8d8 100644
> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
> @@ -463,6 +463,14 @@ struct zone {
>  	seqlock_t		span_seqlock;
>  #endif
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> +	/*
> +	 * Pointer to reported page tracking statistics array. The size of
> +	 * the array is MAX_ORDER - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER. NULL when
> +	 * unused page reporting is not present.
> +	 */
> +	unsigned long		*reported_pages;
> +#endif
>  	int initialized;
>  
>  	/* Write-intensive fields used from the page allocator */
> @@ -538,6 +546,14 @@ enum zone_flags {
>  	ZONE_BOOSTED_WATERMARK,		/* zone recently boosted watermarks.
>  					 * Cleared when kswapd is woken.
>  					 */
> +	ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE,	/* zone enabled page reporting and is
> +					 * activly flushing the data out of
> +					 * higher order pages.
> +					 */
> +	ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_REQUESTED,	/* zone enabled page reporting and has
> +					 * requested flushing the data out of
> +					 * higher order pages.
> +					 */
>  };
>  
>  static inline unsigned long zone_managed_pages(struct zone *zone)
> diff --git a/include/linux/page-flags.h b/include/linux/page-flags.h
> index f91cb8898ff0..759a3b3956f2 100644
> --- a/include/linux/page-flags.h
> +++ b/include/linux/page-flags.h
> @@ -163,6 +163,9 @@ enum pageflags {
>  
>  	/* non-lru isolated movable page */
>  	PG_isolated = PG_reclaim,
> +
> +	/* Buddy pages. Used to track which pages have been reported */
> +	PG_reported = PG_uptodate,
>  };
>  
>  #ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H
> @@ -432,6 +435,14 @@ static inline bool set_hwpoison_free_buddy_page(struct page *page)
>  #endif
>  
>  /*
> + * PageReported() is used to track reported free pages within the Buddy
> + * allocator. We can use the non-atomic version of the test and set
> + * operations as both should be shielded with the zone lock to prevent
> + * any possible races on the setting or clearing of the bit.
> + */
> +__PAGEFLAG(Reported, reported, PF_NO_COMPOUND)
> +
> +/*
>   * On an anonymous page mapped into a user virtual memory area,
>   * page->mapping points to its anon_vma, not to a struct address_space;
>   * with the PAGE_MAPPING_ANON bit set to distinguish it.  See rmap.h.
> diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
> index a5dae9a7eb51..0419b2a9be3e 100644
> --- a/mm/Kconfig
> +++ b/mm/Kconfig
> @@ -237,6 +237,17 @@ config COMPACTION
>            linux-mm@kvack.org.
>  
>  #
> +# support for unused page reporting
> +config PAGE_REPORTING
> +	bool "Allow for reporting of unused pages"
> +	def_bool n
> +	help
> +	  Unused page reporting allows for the incremental acquisition of
> +	  unused pages from the buddy allocator for the purpose of reporting
> +	  those pages to another entity, such as a hypervisor, so that the
> +	  memory can be freed up for other uses.
> +
> +#
>  # support for page migration
>  #
>  config MIGRATION
> diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
> index ce08b39d85d4..60e064330b3a 100644
> --- a/mm/compaction.c
> +++ b/mm/compaction.c
> @@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
>  #include <linux/page_owner.h>
>  #include <linux/psi.h>
>  #include "internal.h"
> +#include "page_reporting.h"
>  
>  #ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
>  static inline void count_compact_event(enum vm_event_item item)
> @@ -1325,6 +1326,8 @@ static int next_search_order(struct compact_control *cc, int order)
>  			continue;
>  
>  		spin_lock_irqsave(&cc->zone->lock, flags);
> +		page_reporting_free_area_release(cc->zone, order,
> +						 MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
>  		freelist = &area->free_list[MIGRATE_MOVABLE];
>  		list_for_each_entry_reverse(freepage, freelist, lru) {
>  			unsigned long pfn;
> @@ -1681,6 +1684,8 @@ static unsigned long fast_find_migrateblock(struct compact_control *cc)
>  			continue;
>  
>  		spin_lock_irqsave(&cc->zone->lock, flags);
> +		page_reporting_free_area_release(cc->zone, order,
> +						 MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
>  		freelist = &area->free_list[MIGRATE_MOVABLE];
>  		list_for_each_entry(freepage, freelist, lru) {
>  			unsigned long free_pfn;
> diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> index 49f7bf91c25a..09c6f52e2bc5 100644
> --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> @@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
>  
>  #include "internal.h"
>  #include "shuffle.h"
> +#include "page_reporting.h"
>  
>  /*
>   * online_page_callback contains pointer to current page onlining function.
> @@ -1613,6 +1614,7 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
>  	if (!populated_zone(zone)) {
>  		zone_pcp_reset(zone);
>  		build_all_zonelists(NULL);
> +		page_reporting_reset_zone(zone);
>  	} else
>  		zone_pcp_update(zone);
>  
> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
> index f8271ec8e06e..ed0128c65936 100644
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -74,6 +74,7 @@
>  #include <asm/div64.h>
>  #include "internal.h"
>  #include "shuffle.h"
> +#include "page_reporting.h"
>  
>  /* prevent >1 _updater_ of zone percpu pageset ->high and ->batch fields */
>  static DEFINE_MUTEX(pcp_batch_high_lock);
> @@ -891,10 +892,15 @@ static inline void add_to_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
>  static inline void add_to_free_list_tail(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
>  					 unsigned int order, int migratetype)
>  {
> -	struct free_area *area = &zone->free_area[order];
> +	struct list_head *tail = get_unreported_tail(zone, order, migratetype);
>  
> -	list_add_tail(&page->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
> -	area->nr_free++;
> +	/*
> +	 * To prevent the unreported pages from slipping behind our iterator
> +	 * we will force them to be inserted in front of it. By doing this
> +	 * we should only need to make one pass through the freelist.
> +	 */
> +	list_add_tail(&page->lru, tail);
> +	zone->free_area[order].nr_free++;
>  }
>  
>  /* Used for pages which are on another list */
> @@ -903,12 +909,20 @@ static inline void move_to_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
>  {
>  	struct free_area *area = &zone->free_area[order];
>  
> +	/* Make certain the page isn't occupying the boundary */
> +	if (unlikely(PageReported(page)))
> +		__del_page_from_reported_list(page, zone);
> +
>  	list_move(&page->lru, &area->free_list[migratetype]);
>  }
>  
>  static inline void del_page_from_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
>  					   unsigned int order)
>  {
> +	/* remove page from reported list, and clear reported state */
> +	if (unlikely(PageReported(page)))
> +		del_page_from_reported_list(page, zone, order);
> +
>  	list_del(&page->lru);
>  	__ClearPageBuddy(page);
>  	set_page_private(page, 0);
> @@ -972,7 +986,7 @@ static inline void del_page_from_free_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
>  static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page,
>  		unsigned long pfn,
>  		struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
> -		int migratetype)
> +		int migratetype, bool reported)
>  {
>  	struct capture_control *capc = task_capc(zone);
>  	unsigned long uninitialized_var(buddy_pfn);
> @@ -1048,7 +1062,9 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struct page *page,
>  done_merging:
>  	set_page_order(page, order);
>  
> -	if (is_shuffle_order(order))
> +	if (reported)
> +		to_tail = true;
> +	else if (is_shuffle_order(order))
>  		to_tail = shuffle_pick_tail();
>  	else
>  		to_tail = buddy_merge_likely(pfn, buddy_pfn, page, order);
> @@ -1367,7 +1383,7 @@ static void free_pcppages_bulk(struct zone *zone, int count,
>  		if (unlikely(isolated_pageblocks))
>  			mt = get_pageblock_migratetype(page);
>  
> -		__free_one_page(page, page_to_pfn(page), zone, 0, mt);
> +		__free_one_page(page, page_to_pfn(page), zone, 0, mt, false);
>  		trace_mm_page_pcpu_drain(page, 0, mt);
>  	}
>  	spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
> @@ -1383,7 +1399,7 @@ static void free_one_page(struct zone *zone,
>  		is_migrate_isolate(migratetype))) {
>  		migratetype = get_pfnblock_migratetype(page, pfn);
>  	}
> -	__free_one_page(page, pfn, zone, order, migratetype);
> +	__free_one_page(page, pfn, zone, order, migratetype, false);
>  	spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
>  }
>  
> @@ -2245,6 +2261,43 @@ struct page *__rmqueue_smallest(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
>  	return NULL;
>  }
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> +struct list_head **reported_boundary __read_mostly;
> +
> +/**
> + * free_reported_page - Return a now-reported page back where we got it
> + * @page: Page that was reported
> + * @order: Order of the reported page
> + *
> + * This function will pull the migratetype and order information out
> + * of the page and attempt to return it where it found it. If the page
> + * is added to the free list without changes we will mark it as being
> + * reported.
> + */
> +void free_reported_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
> +{
> +	struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
> +	unsigned long pfn;
> +	unsigned int mt;
> +
> +	/* zone lock should be held when this function is called */
> +	lockdep_assert_held(&zone->lock);
> +
> +	pfn = page_to_pfn(page);
> +	mt = get_pfnblock_migratetype(page, pfn);
> +	__free_one_page(page, pfn, zone, order, mt, true);
> +
> +	/*
> +	 * If page was not comingled with another page we can consider
> +	 * the result to be "reported" since part of the page hasn't been
> +	 * modified, otherwise we would need to report on the new larger
> +	 * page.
> +	 */
> +	if (PageBuddy(page) && page_order(page) == order)
> +		add_page_to_reported_list(page, zone, order, mt);
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING */
> +
>  /*
>   * This array describes the order lists are fallen back to when
>   * the free lists for the desirable migrate type are depleted
> diff --git a/mm/page_reporting.h b/mm/page_reporting.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c5e1bb58ad96
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/mm/page_reporting.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,178 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +#ifndef _MM_PAGE_REPORTING_H
> +#define _MM_PAGE_REPORTING_H
> +
> +#include <linux/mmzone.h>
> +#include <linux/pageblock-flags.h>
> +#include <linux/page-isolation.h>
> +#include <linux/jump_label.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <asm/pgtable.h>
> +
> +#define PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER	pageblock_order
> +#define PAGE_REPORTING_HWM		32
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING
> +/* Reported page accessors, defined in page_alloc.c */
> +void free_reported_page(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
> +
> +/* Free reported_pages and reset reported page tracking count to 0 */
> +static inline void page_reporting_reset_zone(struct zone *zone)
> +{
> +	kfree(zone->reported_pages);
> +	zone->reported_pages = NULL;
> +}
> +
> +/* Boundary functions */
> +static inline pgoff_t
> +get_reporting_index(unsigned int order, unsigned int migratetype)
> +{
> +	/*
> +	 * We will only ever be dealing with pages greater-than or equal to
> +	 * PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER. Since that is the case we can avoid
> +	 * allocating unused space by limiting our index range to only the
> +	 * orders that are supported for page reporting.
> +	 */
> +	return (order - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER) * MIGRATE_TYPES + migratetype;
> +}
> +
> +extern struct list_head **reported_boundary __read_mostly;
> +
> +static inline void
> +page_reporting_reset_boundary(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int mt)
> +{
> +	int index;
> +
> +	if (order < PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER)
> +		return;
> +	if (!test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags))
> +		return;
> +
> +	index = get_reporting_index(order, mt);
> +	reported_boundary[index] = &zone->free_area[order].free_list[mt];
> +}

So this seems to be costly.
I'm guessing it's the access to flags:


        /* zone flags, see below */
        unsigned long           flags;

        /* Primarily protects free_area */
        spinlock_t              lock;



which is in the same cache line as the lock.


> +
> +static inline void page_reporting_disable_boundaries(struct zone *zone)
> +{
> +	/* zone lock should be held when this function is called */
> +	lockdep_assert_held(&zone->lock);
> +
> +	__clear_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +page_reporting_free_area_release(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int mt)
> +{
> +	page_reporting_reset_boundary(zone, order, mt);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Method for obtaining the tail of the free list. Using this allows for
> + * tail insertions of unreported pages into the region that is currently
> + * being scanned so as to avoid interleaving reported and unreported pages.
> + */
> +static inline struct list_head *
> +get_unreported_tail(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int migratetype)
> +{
> +	if (order >= PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER &&
> +	    test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags))
> +		return reported_boundary[get_reporting_index(order,
> +							     migratetype)];
> +
> +	return &zone->free_area[order].free_list[migratetype];
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Functions for adding/removing reported pages to the freelist.
> + * All of them expect the zone lock to be held to maintain
> + * consistency of the reported list as a subset of the free list.
> + */
> +static inline void
> +add_page_to_reported_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> +			  unsigned int order, unsigned int mt)
> +{
> +	/*
> +	 * Default to using index 0, this will be updated later if the zone
> +	 * is still being processed.
> +	 */
> +	page->index = 0;
> +
> +	/* flag page as reported */
> +	__SetPageReported(page);
> +
> +	/* update areated page accounting */
> +	zone->reported_pages[order - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER]++;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void page_reporting_pull_boundary(struct page *page)
> +{
> +	struct list_head **tail = &reported_boundary[page->index];
> +
> +	if (*tail == &page->lru)
> +		*tail = page->lru.next;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +__del_page_from_reported_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone)
> +{
> +	/*
> +	 * Since the page is being pulled from the list we need to update
> +	 * the boundary, after that we can just update the index so that
> +	 * the correct boundary will be checked in the future.
> +	 */
> +	if (test_bit(ZONE_PAGE_REPORTING_ACTIVE, &zone->flags))
> +		page_reporting_pull_boundary(page);
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +del_page_from_reported_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> +			    unsigned int order)
> +{
> +	__del_page_from_reported_list(page, zone);
> +
> +	/* page_private will contain the page order, so just use it directly */
> +	zone->reported_pages[order - PAGE_REPORTING_MIN_ORDER]--;
> +
> +	/* clear the flag so we can report on it when it returns */
> +	__ClearPageReported(page);
> +}
> +
> +#else /* CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING */
> +static inline void page_reporting_reset_zone(struct zone *zone)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +page_reporting_free_area_release(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int mt)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline struct list_head *
> +get_unreported_tail(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order, int migratetype)
> +{
> +	return &zone->free_area[order].free_list[migratetype];
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +add_page_to_reported_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> +			  int order, int migratetype)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +__del_page_from_reported_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +del_page_from_reported_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone,
> +			    unsigned int order)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void
> +move_page_to_reported_list(struct page *page, struct zone *zone, int dest_mt)
> +{
> +}
> +#endif /* CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING */
> +#endif /*_MM_PAGE_REPORTING_H */

  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-09-23  8:16 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 32+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-09-18 17:52 [PATCH v10 0/6] mm / virtio: Provide support for unused page reporting Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:52 ` [PATCH v10 1/6] mm: Adjust shuffle code to allow for future coalescing Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:52 ` [PATCH v10 2/6] mm: Use zone and order instead of free area in free_list manipulators Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:52 ` [PATCH v10 3/6] mm: Introduce Reported pages Alexander Duyck
2019-09-21 15:25   ` [mm] 0f5b256b2c: will-it-scale.per_process_ops -1.2% regression kernel test robot
2019-09-23  8:15   ` Michael S. Tsirkin [this message]
2019-09-23 14:50     ` [PATCH v10 3/6] mm: Introduce Reported pages Alexander Duyck
2019-09-23 15:00       ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-23 15:28         ` Alexander Duyck
2019-09-23 15:37           ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-23 15:45             ` David Hildenbrand
2019-09-23 15:47               ` David Hildenbrand
2019-09-23 15:50                 ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-23 15:53                   ` David Hildenbrand
2019-09-23 15:49               ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-23 16:39               ` Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:52 ` [PATCH v10 4/6] mm: Add device side and notifier for unused page reporting Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:53 ` [PATCH v10 5/6] virtio-balloon: Pull page poisoning config out of free page hinting Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:58   ` Michael S. Tsirkin
2019-09-18 18:05     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:53 ` [PATCH v10 6/6] virtio-balloon: Add support for providing unused page reports to host Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:53 ` [PATCH v10 QEMU 1/3] virtio-ballon: Implement support for page poison tracking feature Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:53 ` [PATCH v10 QEMU 2/3] virtio-balloon: Add bit to notify guest of unused page reporting Alexander Duyck
2019-09-18 17:53 ` [PATCH v10 QEMU 3/3] virtio-balloon: Provide a interface for " Alexander Duyck
2019-09-24 14:23 ` [PATCH v10 0/6] mm / virtio: Provide support " Michal Hocko
2019-09-24 15:20   ` Alexander Duyck
2019-09-26 12:22     ` Michal Hocko
2019-09-26 15:13       ` Alexander Duyck
2019-09-24 15:32   ` David Hildenbrand
2019-09-24 15:51     ` Nitesh Narayan Lal
2019-09-24 17:07     ` Alexander Duyck
2019-09-24 17:28       ` David Hildenbrand

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