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From: "Theodore Y. Ts'o" <>
To: Ritesh Harjani <>
Cc: Gao Xiang <>,
	Andreas Dilger <>,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: bio_alloc never fails
Date: Wed, 30 Oct 2019 11:04:37 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

On Wed, Oct 30, 2019 at 03:43:10PM +0530, Ritesh Harjani wrote:
> On 10/30/19 9:56 AM, Gao Xiang wrote:
> > Similar to [1] [2], it seems a trivial cleanup since
> > bio_alloc can handle memory allocation as mentioned in
> > fs/direct-io.c (also see fs/block_dev.c, fs/buffer.c, ..)
> > 
> AFAIU, the reason is that, bio_alloc with __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM
> flags guarantees bio allocation under some given restrictions,
> as stated in fs/direct-io.c
> So here it is ok to not check for NULL value from bio_alloc.
> I think we can update above info too in your commit msg.

Please also add a short comment in the code itself, so it's clear why
it's OK to skip the error check, and reference the comments for
bio_alloc_bioset().  This is the fairly subtle bit which makes this
change not obvious:

 *   When @bs is not NULL, if %__GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM is set then bio_alloc will
 *   always be able to allocate a bio. This is due to the mempool guarantees.
 *   To make this work, callers must never allocate more than 1 bio at a time
 *   from this pool. Callers that need to allocate more than 1 bio must always
 *   submit the previously allocated bio for IO before attempting to allocate
 *   a new one. Failure to do so can cause deadlocks under memory pressure.
 *   Note that when running under generic_make_request() (i.e. any block
 *   driver), bios are not submitted until after you return - see the code in
 *   generic_make_request() that converts recursion into iteration, to prevent
 *   stack overflows.
 *   This would normally mean allocating multiple bios under
 *   generic_make_request() would be susceptible to deadlocks, but we have
 *   deadlock avoidance code that resubmits any blocked bios from a rescuer
 *   thread.

Otherwise, someone else may not understand why it's safe to not check
the error return then submit cleanup patch to add the error checking
back.  :-)

					- Ted

  parent reply	other threads:[~2019-10-30 15:04 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-10-30  4:26 [PATCH] ext4: bio_alloc never fails Gao Xiang
2019-10-30 10:13 ` Ritesh Harjani
2019-10-30 10:40   ` Gao Xiang
2019-10-30 15:04   ` Theodore Y. Ts'o [this message]
2019-10-30 16:12     ` Gao Xiang
2019-10-31  9:23       ` [PATCH v2] ext4: bio_alloc with __GFP_DIRECT_RECLAIM " Gao Xiang
2019-10-31  9:29         ` Chao Yu
2019-11-15  3:19           ` Theodore Y. Ts'o
2019-11-15  3:24             ` Gao Xiang
2019-10-31  2:01 ` [PATCH] ext4: bio_alloc " Chao Yu
2019-10-31  9:10   ` Gao Xiang

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