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From: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
To: LKML <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Cc: x86@kernel.org, Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org>,
	Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu>, Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>,
	Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Subject: [patch V3 16/20] x86/iopl: Fixup misleading comment
Date: Wed, 13 Nov 2019 21:42:56 +0100
Message-ID: <20191113210105.276580787@linutronix.de> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20191113204240.767922595@linutronix.de>

From: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>

The comment for the sys_iopl() implementation is outdated and actively
misleading in some parts. Fix it up.

Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c |   35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 1 file changed, 27 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ioport.c
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@ void io_bitmap_exit(void)
 }
 
 /*
- * this changes the io permissions bitmap in the current task.
+ * This changes the io permissions bitmap in the current task.
  */
 long ksys_ioperm(unsigned long from, unsigned long num, int turn_on)
 {
@@ -136,14 +136,24 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE3(ioperm, unsigned long, f
 }
 
 /*
- * sys_iopl has to be used when you want to access the IO ports
- * beyond the 0x3ff range: to get the full 65536 ports bitmapped
- * you'd need 8kB of bitmaps/process, which is a bit excessive.
+ * The sys_iopl functionality depends on the level argument, which if
+ * granted for the task is used by the CPU to check I/O instruction and
+ * CLI/STI against the current priviledge level (CPL). If CPL is less than
+ * or equal the tasks IOPL level the instructions take effect. If not a #GP
+ * is raised. The default IOPL is 0, i.e. no permissions.
  *
- * Here we just change the flags value on the stack: we allow
- * only the super-user to do it. This depends on the stack-layout
- * on system-call entry - see also fork() and the signal handling
- * code.
+ * Setting IOPL to level 0-2 is disabling the userspace access. Only level
+ * 3 enables it. If set it allows the user space thread:
+ *
+ * - Unrestricted access to all 65535 I/O ports
+ * - The usage of CLI/STI instructions
+ *
+ * The advantage over ioperm is that the context switch does not require to
+ * update the I/O bitmap which is especially true when a large number of
+ * ports is accessed. But the allowance of CLI/STI in userspace is
+ * considered a major problem.
+ *
+ * IOPL is strictly per thread and inherited on fork.
  */
 SYSCALL_DEFINE1(iopl, unsigned int, level)
 {
@@ -164,9 +174,18 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(iopl, unsigned int, leve
 		    security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_IOPORT))
 			return -EPERM;
 	}
+	/*
+	 * Change the flags value on the return stack, which has been set
+	 * up on system-call entry. See also the fork and signal handling
+	 * code how this is handled.
+	 */
 	regs->flags = (regs->flags & ~X86_EFLAGS_IOPL) |
 		(level << X86_EFLAGS_IOPL_BIT);
+	/* Store the new level in the thread struct */
 	t->iopl = level << X86_EFLAGS_IOPL_BIT;
+	/*
+	 * X86_32 switches immediately and XEN handles it via emulation.
+	 */
 	set_iopl_mask(t->iopl);
 
 	return 0;



  parent reply index

Thread overview: 52+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-11-13 20:42 [patch V3 00/20] x86/iopl: Prevent user space from using CLI/STI with iopl(3) Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 01/20] x86/ptrace: Prevent truncation of bitmap size Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 02/20] x86/process: Unify copy_thread_tls() Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 21:10   ` Linus Torvalds
2019-11-13 21:41     ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 22:10       ` Linus Torvalds
2019-11-13 22:33         ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 21:44     ` Brian Gerst
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 03/20] x86/cpu: Unify cpu_init() Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 04/20] x86/tss: Fix and move VMX BUILD_BUG_ON() Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 05/20] x86/iopl: Cleanup include maze Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 06/20] x86/ioperm: Simplify first ioperm() invocation logic Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 07/20] x86/ioperm: Avoid bitmap allocation if no permissions are set Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 08/20] x86/io: Speedup schedule out of I/O bitmap user Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 09/20] x86/tss: Move I/O bitmap data into a seperate struct Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 10/20] x86/ioperm: Move iobitmap data into a struct Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 11/20] x86/ioperm: Add bitmap sequence number Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 12/20] x86/ioperm: Move TSS bitmap update to exit to user work Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 21:19   ` Linus Torvalds
2019-11-13 21:21     ` Linus Torvalds
2019-11-13 21:44       ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 13/20] x86/ioperm: Remove bitmap if all permissions dropped Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 14/20] x86/ioperm: Share I/O bitmap if identical Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 15/20] selftests/x86/ioperm: Extend testing so the shared bitmap is exercised Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` Thomas Gleixner [this message]
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] x86/iopl: Fixup misleading comment tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 17/20] x86/iopl: Restrict iopl() permission scope Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-14 18:13   ` Borislav Petkov
2019-11-14 18:39     ` Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 18/20] x86/iopl: Remove legacy IOPL option Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:42 ` [patch V3 19/20] x86/ioperm: Extend IOPL config to control ioperm() as well Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-13 20:43 ` [patch V3 20/20] selftests/x86/iopl: Extend test to cover IOPL emulation Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-15 21:12   ` [tip: x86/iopl] " tip-bot2 for Thomas Gleixner
2019-11-14  8:43 ` [patch V3 00/20] x86/iopl: Prevent user space from using CLI/STI with iopl(3) Peter Zijlstra

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