From: Alexander Duyck <firstname.lastname@example.org> To: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Cc: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Subject: [PATCH v16 0/9] mm / virtio: Provide support for free page reporting Date: Fri, 03 Jan 2020 13:16:13 -0800 [thread overview] Message-ID: <firstname.lastname@example.org> (raw) This series provides an asynchronous means of reporting free guest pages to a hypervisor so that the memory associated with those pages can be dropped and reused by other processes and/or guests on the host. Using this it is possible to avoid unnecessary I/O to disk and greatly improve performance in the case of memory overcommit on the host. When enabled we will be performing a scan of free memory every 2 seconds while pages of sufficiently high order are being freed. In each pass at least one sixteenth of each free list will be reported. By doing this we avoid racing against other threads that may be causing a high amount of memory churn. The lowest page order currently scanned when reporting pages is pageblock_order so that this feature will not interfere with the use of Transparent Huge Pages in the case of virtualization. Currently this is only in use by virtio-balloon however there is the hope that at some point in the future other hypervisors might be able to make use of it. In the virtio-balloon/QEMU implementation the hypervisor is currently using MADV_DONTNEED to indicate to the host kernel that the page is currently free. It will be zeroed and faulted back into the guest the next time the page is accessed. To track if a page is reported or not the Uptodate flag was repurposed and used as a Reported flag for Buddy pages. We walk though the free list isolating pages and adding them to the scatterlist until we either encounter the end of the list, processed as many pages as were listed in nr_free prior to us starting, or have filled the scatterlist with pages to be reported. If we fill the scatterlist before we reach the end of the list we rotate the list so that the first unreported page we encounter is moved to the head of the list as that is where we will resume after we have freed the reported pages back into the tail of the list. Below are the results from various benchmarks. I primarily focused on two tests. The first is the will-it-scale/page_fault2 test, and the other is a modified version of will-it-scale/page_fault1 that was enabled to use THP. I did this as it allows for better visibility into different parts of the memory subsystem. The guest is running with 32G for RAM on one node of a E5-2630 v3. The host has had some features such as CPU turbo disabled in the BIOS. Test page_fault1 (THP) page_fault2 Name tasks Process Iter STDEV Process Iter STDEV Baseline 1 1012402.50 0.14% 361855.25 0.81% 16 8827457.25 0.09% 3282347.00 0.34% Patches Applied 1 1007897.00 0.23% 361887.00 0.26% 16 8784741.75 0.39% 3240669.25 0.48% Patches Enabled 1 1010227.50 0.39% 359749.25 0.56% 16 8756219.00 0.24% 3226608.75 0.97% Patches Enabled 1 1050982.00 4.26% 357966.25 0.14% page shuffle 16 8672601.25 0.49% 3223177.75 0.40% Patches Enabled 1 1003238.00 0.22% 360211.00 0.22% shuffle w/ RFC 16 8767010.50 0.32% 3199874.00 0.71% The results above are for a baseline with a linux-next-20191219 kernel, that kernel with this patch set applied but page reporting disabled in virtio-balloon, the patches applied and page reporting fully enabled, the patches enabled with page shuffling enabled, and the patches applied with page shuffling enabled and an RFC patch that makes used of MADV_FREE in QEMU. These results include the deviation seen between the average value reported here versus the high and/or low value. I observed that during the test memory usage for the first three tests never dropped whereas with the patches fully enabled the VM would drop to using only a few GB of the host's memory when switching from memhog to page fault tests. Any of the overhead visible with this patch set enabled seems due to page faults caused by accessing the reported pages and the host zeroing the page before giving it back to the guest. This overhead is much more visible when using THP than with standard 4K pages. In addition page shuffling seemed to increase the amount of faults generated due to an increase in memory churn. The overhead is reduced when using MADV_FREE as we can avoid the extra zeroing of the pages when they are reintroduced to the host, as can be seen when the RFC is applied with shuffling enabled. The overall guest size is kept fairly small to only a few GB while the test is running. If the host memory were oversubscribed this patch set should result in a performance improvement as swapping memory in the host can be avoided. A brief history on the background of free page reporting can be found at: https://email@example.com/ Changes from v14: https://firstname.lastname@example.org/ Renamed "unused page reporting" to "free page reporting" Updated code, kconfig, and patch descriptions Split out patch for __free_isolated_page Renamed function to __putback_isolated_page Rewrote core reporting functionality Added logic to reschedule worker in 2 seconds instead of run to completion Removed reported_pages statistics Removed REPORTING_REQUESTED bit used in zone flags Replaced page_reporting_dev_info refcount with state variable Removed scatterlist from page_reporting_dev_info Removed capacity from page reporting device Added dynamic scatterlist allocation/free at start/end of reporting process Updated __free_one_page so that reported pages are not always added to tail Added logic to handle error from report function Updated virtio-balloon patch that adds support for page reporting Updated patch description to try and highlight differences in approaches Updated logic to reflect that we cannot limit the scatterlist from device Added logic to return error from report function Moved documentation patch to end of patch set Changes from v15: https://email@example.com/ Rebased on linux-next-20191219 Split out patches for budget and moving head to last page processed Updated budget code to reduce how much memory is reported per pass Added logic to also rotate the list if we exit due a page isolation failure Added migratetype as argument in __putback_isolated_page --- Alexander Duyck (9): mm: Adjust shuffle code to allow for future coalescing mm: Use zone and order instead of free area in free_list manipulators mm: Add function __putback_isolated_page mm: Introduce Reported pages virtio-balloon: Pull page poisoning config out of free page hinting virtio-balloon: Add support for providing free page reports to host mm: Rotate free list so reported pages are moved to the tail of the list mm: Add budget limit to how many pages can be reported per list per pass mm: Add free page reporting documentation Documentation/vm/free_page_reporting.rst | 41 +++ drivers/virtio/Kconfig | 1 drivers/virtio/virtio_balloon.c | 87 +++++++ include/linux/mmzone.h | 44 ---- include/linux/page-flags.h | 11 + include/linux/page_reporting.h | 26 ++ include/uapi/linux/virtio_balloon.h | 1 mm/Kconfig | 11 + mm/Makefile | 1 mm/internal.h | 2 mm/page_alloc.c | 164 ++++++++++---- mm/page_isolation.c | 6 mm/page_reporting.c | 364 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ mm/page_reporting.h | 54 ++++ mm/shuffle.c | 12 - mm/shuffle.h | 6 16 files changed, 725 insertions(+), 106 deletions(-) create mode 100644 Documentation/vm/free_page_reporting.rst create mode 100644 include/linux/page_reporting.h create mode 100644 mm/page_reporting.c create mode 100644 mm/page_reporting.h --
next reply other threads:[~2020-01-03 21:16 UTC|newest] Thread overview: 19+ messages / expand[flat|nested] mbox.gz Atom feed top 2020-01-03 21:16 Alexander Duyck [this message] 2020-01-03 21:16 ` [PATCH v16 1/9] mm: Adjust shuffle code to allow for future coalescing Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:16 ` [PATCH v16 2/9] mm: Use zone and order instead of free area in free_list manipulators Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:16 ` [PATCH v16 3/9] mm: Add function __putback_isolated_page Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:16 ` [PATCH v16 4/9] mm: Introduce Reported pages Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:16 ` [PATCH v16 5/9] virtio-balloon: Pull page poisoning config out of free page hinting Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:16 ` [PATCH v16 6/9] virtio-balloon: Add support for providing free page reports to host Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:16 ` [PATCH v16 7/9] mm: Rotate free list so reported pages are moved to the tail of the list Alexander Duyck 2020-01-08 13:38 ` David Hildenbrand 2020-01-08 16:07 ` Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:17 ` [PATCH v16 8/9] mm: Add budget limit to how many pages can be reported per list per pass Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:17 ` [PATCH v16 9/9] mm: Add free page reporting documentation Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:21 ` [PATCH v16 QEMU 1/3] virtio-ballon: Implement support for page poison tracking feature Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:21 ` [PATCH v16 QEMU 2/3] virtio-balloon: Add support for providing free page reports to host Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:21 ` [PATCH v16 QEMU 3/3] virtio-balloon: Provide a interface for free page reporting Alexander Duyck 2020-01-03 21:24 ` [PATCH v16 QEMU 4/3 RFC] memory: Add support for MADV_FREE as mechanism to lazy discard pages Alexander Duyck 2020-01-08 7:57 ` [PATCH v16 0/9] mm / virtio: Provide support for free page reporting Nitesh Narayan Lal 2020-01-08 16:29 ` Alexander Duyck 2020-01-15 23:08 ` Alexander Duyck
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