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From: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu>
To: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	"H.J. Lu" <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2] x86/boot: Correct relocation destination on old linkers
Date: Fri,  7 Feb 2020 16:49:26 -0500
Message-ID: <20200207214926.3564079-1-nivedita@alum.mit.edu> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200111190015.3257863-1-nivedita@alum.mit.edu>

For the 32-bit kernel, as described in commit 6d92bc9d483a ("x86/build:
Build compressed x86 kernels as PIE"), pre-2.26 binutils generates
R_386_32 relocations in PIE mode.  Since the startup code does not
perform relocation, any reloc entry with R_386_32 will remain as 0 in
the executing code.

Commit 974f221c84b0 ("x86/boot: Move compressed kernel to the end of the
decompression buffer") added a new symbol _end but did not mark it
hidden, which doesn't give the correct offset on older linkers. This
causes the compressed kernel to be copied beyond the end of the
decompression buffer, rather than flush against it. This region of
memory may be reserved or already allocated for other purposes by the
bootloader.

Mark _end as hidden to fix. This changes the relocation from R_386_32 to
R_386_RELATIVE even on the pre-2.26 binutils.

For 64-bit, this is not strictly necessary, as the 64-bit kernel is only
built as PIE if the linker supports -z noreloc-overflow, which implies
binutils-2.27+, but for consistency, mark _end as hidden here too.

The below illustrates the before/after impact of the patch using
binutils-2.25 and gcc-4.6.4 (locally compiled from source) and QEMU.

Disassembly before patch:
  48:   8b 86 60 02 00 00       mov    0x260(%esi),%eax
  4e:   2d 00 00 00 00          sub    $0x0,%eax
                        4f: R_386_32    _end
Disassembly after patch:
  48:   8b 86 60 02 00 00       mov    0x260(%esi),%eax
  4e:   2d 00 f0 76 00          sub    $0x76f000,%eax
                        4f: R_386_RELATIVE      *ABS*

Dump from extract_kernel before patch:
	early console in extract_kernel
	input_data: 0x0207c098 <--- this is at output + init_size
	input_len: 0x0074fef1
	output: 0x01000000
	output_len: 0x00fa63d0
	kernel_total_size: 0x0107c000
	needed_size: 0x0107c000

Dump from extract_kernel after patch:
	early console in extract_kernel
	input_data: 0x0190d098 <--- this is at output + init_size - _end
	input_len: 0x0074fef1
	output: 0x01000000
	output_len: 0x00fa63d0
	kernel_total_size: 0x0107c000
	needed_size: 0x0107c000

Fixes: 974f221c84b0 ("x86/boot: Move compressed kernel to the end of the decompression buffer")
Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu>
---
Changes from v1: more extensive commit message illustrating the issue

 arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S | 5 +++--
 arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S | 1 +
 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
index 73f17d0544dd..bf707c989236 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S
@@ -49,16 +49,17 @@
  * Position Independent Executable (PIE) so that linker won't optimize
  * R_386_GOT32X relocation to its fixed symbol address.  Older
  * linkers generate R_386_32 relocations against locally defined symbols,
- * _bss, _ebss, _got and _egot, in PIE.  It isn't wrong, just less
+ * _bss, _ebss, _got, _egot and _end, in PIE.  It isn't wrong, just less
  * optimal than R_386_RELATIVE.  But the x86 kernel fails to properly handle
  * R_386_32 relocations when relocating the kernel.  To generate
- * R_386_RELATIVE relocations, we mark _bss, _ebss, _got and _egot as
+ * R_386_RELATIVE relocations, we mark _bss, _ebss, _got, _egot and _end as
  * hidden:
  */
 	.hidden _bss
 	.hidden _ebss
 	.hidden _got
 	.hidden _egot
+	.hidden _end
 
 	__HEAD
 SYM_FUNC_START(startup_32)
diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
index 1f1f6c8139b3..949909548b86 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_64.S
@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@
 	.hidden _ebss
 	.hidden _got
 	.hidden _egot
+	.hidden _end
 
 	__HEAD
 	.code32
-- 
2.24.1


  reply index

Thread overview: 5+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-01-11 19:00 [PATCH] x86/boot/compressed: " Arvind Sankar
2020-02-07 21:49 ` Arvind Sankar [this message]
2020-03-13 18:33   ` [PATCH v2] x86/boot: " Arvind Sankar
2020-05-16 23:12     ` Arvind Sankar
2020-05-19 12:35   ` [tip: x86/boot] " tip-bot2 for Arvind Sankar

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