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From: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: "Mickaël Salaün" <mic@digikod.net>,
	"Al Viro" <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	"Andy Lutomirski" <luto@amacapital.net>,
	"Arnd Bergmann" <arnd@arndb.de>,
	"Casey Schaufler" <casey@schaufler-ca.com>,
	"Greg Kroah-Hartman" <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	"James Morris" <jmorris@namei.org>, "Jann Horn" <jann@thejh.net>,
	"Jonathan Corbet" <corbet@lwn.net>,
	"Kees Cook" <keescook@chromium.org>,
	"Michael Kerrisk" <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>,
	"Mickaël Salaün" <mickael.salaun@ssi.gouv.fr>,
	"Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>,
	"Shuah Khan" <shuah@kernel.org>,
	"Vincent Dagonneau" <vincent.dagonneau@ssi.gouv.fr>,
	kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com, linux-api@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-arch@vger.kernel.org, linux-doc@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org, linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org, x86@kernel.org
Subject: [RFC PATCH v14 00/10] Landlock LSM
Date: Mon, 24 Feb 2020 17:02:05 +0100
Message-ID: <20200224160215.4136-1-mic@digikod.net> (raw)

Hi,

This new version of Landlock is a major revamp of the previous series
[1], hence the RFC tag.  The three main changes are the replacement of
eBPF with a dedicated safe management of access rules, the replacement
of the use of seccomp(2) with a dedicated syscall, and the management of
filesystem access-control (back from the v10).

As discussed in [2], eBPF may be too powerful and dangerous to be put in
the hand of unprivileged and potentially malicious processes, especially
because of side-channel attacks against access-controls or other parts
of the kernel.

Thanks to this new implementation (1540 SLOC), designed from the ground
to be used by unprivileged processes, this series enables a process to
sandbox itself without requiring CAP_SYS_ADMIN, but only the
no_new_privs constraint (like seccomp).  Not relying on eBPF also
enables to improve performances, especially for stacked security
policies thanks to mergeable rulesets.

The compiled documentation is available here:
https://landlock.io/linux-doc/landlock-v14/security/landlock/index.html

This series can be applied on top of v5.6-rc3.  This can be tested with
CONFIG_SECURITY_LANDLOCK and CONFIG_SAMPLE_LANDLOCK.  This patch series
can be found in a Git repository here:
https://github.com/landlock-lsm/linux/commits/landlock-v14
I would really appreciate constructive comments on the design and the code.


# Landlock LSM

The goal of Landlock is to enable to restrict ambient rights (e.g.
global filesystem access) for a set of processes.  Because Landlock is a
stackable LSM [3], it makes possible to create safe security sandboxes
as new security layers in addition to the existing system-wide
access-controls. This kind of sandbox is expected to help mitigate the
security impact of bugs or unexpected/malicious behaviors in user-space
applications. Landlock empower any process, including unprivileged ones,
to securely restrict themselves.

Landlock is inspired by seccomp-bpf but instead of filtering syscalls
and their raw arguments, a Landlock rule can restrict the use of kernel
objects like file hierarchies, according to the kernel semantic.
Landlock also takes inspiration from other OS sandbox mechanisms: XNU
Sandbox, FreeBSD Capsicum or OpenBSD Pledge/Unveil.


# Current limitations

## Path walk

Landlock need to use dentries to identify a file hierarchy, which is
needed for composable and unprivileged access-controls. This means that
path resolution/walking (handled with inode_permission()) is not
supported, yet. This could be filled with a future extension first of
the LSM framework. The Landlock userspace ABI can handle such change
with new option (e.g. to the struct landlock_ruleset).

## UnionFS

An UnionFS super-block use a set of upper and lower directories. An
access request to a file in one of these hierarchy trigger a call to
ovl_path_real() which generate another access request according to the
matching hierarchy. Because such super-block is not aware of its current
mount point, OverlayFS can't create a dedicated mnt_parent for each of
the upper and lower directories mount clones. It is then not currently
possible to track the source of such indirect access-request, and then
not possible to identify a unified OverlayFS hierarchy.

## Syscall

Because it is only tested on x86_64, the syscall is only wired up for
this architecture.  The whole x86 family (and probably all the others)
will be supported in the next patch series.


## Memory limits

There is currently no limit on the memory usage.  Any idea to leverage
an existing mechanism (e.g. rlimit)?


# Changes since v13

* Revamp of the LSM: remove the need for eBPF and seccomp(2).
* Implement a full filesystem access-control.
* Take care of the backward compatibility issues, especially for
  this security features.

Previous version:
https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191104172146.30797-1-mic@digikod.net/

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20191104172146.30797-1-mic@digikod.net/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/a6b61f33-82dc-0c1c-7a6c-1926343ef63e@digikod.net/
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/50db058a-7dde-441b-a7f9-f6837fe8b69f@schaufler-ca.com/

Regards,

Mickaël Salaün (10):
  landlock: Add object and rule management
  landlock: Add ruleset and domain management
  landlock: Set up the security framework and manage credentials
  landlock: Add ptrace restrictions
  fs,landlock: Support filesystem access-control
  landlock: Add syscall implementation
  arch: Wire up landlock() syscall
  selftests/landlock: Add initial tests
  samples/landlock: Add a sandbox manager example
  landlock: Add user and kernel documentation

 Documentation/security/index.rst              |   1 +
 Documentation/security/landlock/index.rst     |  18 +
 Documentation/security/landlock/kernel.rst    |  44 ++
 Documentation/security/landlock/user.rst      | 233 +++++++
 MAINTAINERS                                   |  12 +
 arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl        |   1 +
 fs/super.c                                    |   2 +
 include/linux/landlock.h                      |  22 +
 include/linux/syscalls.h                      |   3 +
 include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h             |   4 +-
 include/uapi/linux/landlock.h                 | 315 +++++++++
 samples/Kconfig                               |   7 +
 samples/Makefile                              |   1 +
 samples/landlock/.gitignore                   |   1 +
 samples/landlock/Makefile                     |  15 +
 samples/landlock/sandboxer.c                  | 226 +++++++
 security/Kconfig                              |  11 +-
 security/Makefile                             |   2 +
 security/landlock/Kconfig                     |  16 +
 security/landlock/Makefile                    |   4 +
 security/landlock/cred.c                      |  47 ++
 security/landlock/cred.h                      |  55 ++
 security/landlock/fs.c                        | 591 +++++++++++++++++
 security/landlock/fs.h                        |  42 ++
 security/landlock/object.c                    | 341 ++++++++++
 security/landlock/object.h                    | 134 ++++
 security/landlock/ptrace.c                    | 118 ++++
 security/landlock/ptrace.h                    |  14 +
 security/landlock/ruleset.c                   | 463 +++++++++++++
 security/landlock/ruleset.h                   | 106 +++
 security/landlock/setup.c                     |  38 ++
 security/landlock/setup.h                     |  20 +
 security/landlock/syscall.c                   | 470 +++++++++++++
 tools/testing/selftests/Makefile              |   1 +
 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/.gitignore   |   3 +
 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/Makefile     |  13 +
 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/config       |   4 +
 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/test.h       |  40 ++
 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/test_base.c  |  80 +++
 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/test_fs.c    | 624 ++++++++++++++++++
 .../testing/selftests/landlock/test_ptrace.c  | 293 ++++++++
 41 files changed, 4429 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/security/landlock/index.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/security/landlock/kernel.rst
 create mode 100644 Documentation/security/landlock/user.rst
 create mode 100644 include/linux/landlock.h
 create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/landlock.h
 create mode 100644 samples/landlock/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 samples/landlock/Makefile
 create mode 100644 samples/landlock/sandboxer.c
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/Kconfig
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/Makefile
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/cred.c
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/cred.h
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/fs.c
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/fs.h
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/object.c
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/object.h
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/ptrace.c
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/ptrace.h
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/ruleset.c
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/ruleset.h
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/setup.c
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/setup.h
 create mode 100644 security/landlock/syscall.c
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/Makefile
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/config
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/test.h
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/test_base.c
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/test_fs.c
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/landlock/test_ptrace.c

-- 
2.25.0


             reply index

Thread overview: 35+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-24 16:02 Mickaël Salaün [this message]
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 01/10] landlock: Add object and rule management Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-25 20:49   ` Jann Horn
2020-02-26 15:31     ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-26 20:24       ` Jann Horn
2020-02-27 16:46         ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 02/10] landlock: Add ruleset and domain management Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 03/10] landlock: Set up the security framework and manage credentials Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 04/10] landlock: Add ptrace restrictions Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 05/10] fs,landlock: Support filesystem access-control Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-26 20:29   ` Jann Horn
2020-02-27 16:50     ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-27 16:51       ` Jann Horn
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 06/10] landlock: Add syscall implementation Mickaël Salaün
2020-03-17 16:47   ` Al Viro
2020-03-17 17:51     ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 07/10] arch: Wire up landlock() syscall Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 08/10] selftests/landlock: Add initial tests Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 09/10] samples/landlock: Add a sandbox manager example Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-24 16:02 ` [RFC PATCH v14 10/10] landlock: Add user and kernel documentation Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-29 17:23   ` Randy Dunlap
2020-03-02 10:03     ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-02-25 18:49 ` [RFC PATCH v14 00/10] Landlock LSM J Freyensee
2020-02-26 15:34   ` Mickaël Salaün
     [not found] ` <20200227042002.3032-1-hdanton@sina.com>
2020-02-27 17:01   ` [RFC PATCH v14 01/10] landlock: Add object and rule management Mickaël Salaün
2020-03-09 23:44 ` [RFC PATCH v14 00/10] Landlock LSM Jann Horn
2020-03-11 23:38   ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-03-17 16:19     ` Jann Horn
2020-03-17 17:50       ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-03-17 19:45         ` Jann Horn
2020-03-18 12:06           ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-03-18 23:33             ` Jann Horn
2020-03-19 16:58               ` Mickaël Salaün
2020-03-19 21:17                 ` Jann Horn
2020-03-30 18:26                   ` Mickaël Salaün

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