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From: "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
To: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: linux-m68k@lists.linux-m68k.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	"Gustavo A. R. Silva" <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
Subject: [PATCH] zorro: Replace zero-length array with flexible-array member
Date: Thu, 27 Feb 2020 12:37:48 -0600	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200227183748.GA31018@embeddedor> (raw)

The current codebase makes use of the zero-length array language
extension to the C90 standard, but the preferred mechanism to declare
variable-length types such as these ones is a flexible array member[1][2],
introduced in C99:

struct foo {
        int stuff;
        struct boo array[];
};

By making use of the mechanism above, we will get a compiler warning
in case the flexible array does not occur last in the structure, which
will help us prevent some kind of undefined behavior bugs from being
inadvertently introduced[3] to the codebase from now on.

Also, notice that, dynamic memory allocations won't be affected by
this change:

"Flexible array members have incomplete type, and so the sizeof operator
may not be applied. As a quirk of the original implementation of
zero-length arrays, sizeof evaluates to zero."[1]

This issue was found with the help of Coccinelle.

[1] https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Zero-Length.html
[2] https://github.com/KSPP/linux/issues/21
[3] commit 76497732932f ("cxgb3/l2t: Fix undefined behaviour")

Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@embeddedor.com>
---
 drivers/zorro/zorro.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/zorro/zorro.c b/drivers/zorro/zorro.c
index 8eeb84c239db..47c733817903 100644
--- a/drivers/zorro/zorro.c
+++ b/drivers/zorro/zorro.c
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@ struct zorro_dev *zorro_autocon;
 
 struct zorro_bus {
 	struct device dev;
-	struct zorro_dev devices[0];
+	struct zorro_dev devices[];
 };
 
 
-- 
2.25.0


             reply	other threads:[~2020-02-27 18:35 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 2+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-02-27 18:37 Gustavo A. R. Silva [this message]
2020-03-03  9:57 ` Geert Uytterhoeven

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