LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
To: Bernd Edlinger <bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>,
	Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>,
	Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>, Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>,
	Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>,
	Frederic Weisbecker <frederic@kernel.org>,
	Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com>, Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>,
	"Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Yuyang Du <duyuyang@gmail.com>,
	David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>,
	Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>,
	Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>,
	David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>,
	James Morris <jamorris@linux.microsoft.com>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>,
	Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>,
	Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>,
	Christian Kellner <christian@kellner.me>,
	Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>,
	Aleksa Sarai <cyphar@cyphar.com>,
	"Dmitry V. Levin" <ldv@altlinux.org>,
	"linux-doc@vger.kernel.org" <linux-doc@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org" <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-mm@kvack.org" <linux-mm@kvack.org>,
	"stable@vger.kernel.org" <stable@vger.kernel.org>,
	"linux-api@vger.kernel.org" <linux-api@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/4] selftests/ptrace: add test cases for dead-locks
Date: Tue, 10 Mar 2020 14:36:20 -0700
Message-ID: <202003101401.9A4FD3F@keescook> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <AM6PR03MB51703199741A2C27A78980FFE4FF0@AM6PR03MB5170.eurprd03.prod.outlook.com>

On Tue, Mar 10, 2020 at 02:44:01PM +0100, Bernd Edlinger wrote:
> This adds test cases for ptrace deadlocks.
> 
> Additionally fixes a compile problem in get_syscall_info.c,
> observed with gcc-4.8.4:
> 
> get_syscall_info.c: In function 'get_syscall_info':
> get_syscall_info.c:93:3: error: 'for' loop initial declarations are only
>                                  allowed in C99 mode
>    for (unsigned int i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(args); ++i) {
>    ^
> get_syscall_info.c:93:3: note: use option -std=c99 or -std=gnu99 to compile
>                                your code

*discomfort noises* (see below)

> 
> Signed-off-by: Bernd Edlinger <bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de>
> ---
>  tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/Makefile   |  4 +-
>  tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c | 86 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  2 files changed, 88 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c
> 
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/Makefile
> index c0b7f89..2f1f532 100644
> --- a/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/Makefile
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/Makefile
> @@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
>  # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
> -CFLAGS += -iquote../../../../include/uapi -Wall
> +CFLAGS += -std=c99 -pthread -iquote../../../../include/uapi -Wall

This isn't the common solution in the kernel (the variable declaration
would just be lifted out of the loop), but as it's selftest code, which
does lots of special things ... I *guess* this is okay.

>  
> -TEST_GEN_PROGS := get_syscall_info peeksiginfo
> +TEST_GEN_PROGS := get_syscall_info peeksiginfo vmaccess

I love having this deadlock test added to the selftests.

I think I need to make an improvement to the test harness, though, as
the failure mode right now just blows up after the 30 second timeout
and leaves this deadlocked:

$ ./vmaccess
[==========] Running 2 tests from 1 test cases.
[ RUN      ] global.vmaccess
Alarm clock
$ ps
  PID TTY          TIME CMD
 2605 pts/0    00:00:00 bash
23360 pts/0    00:00:00 vmaccess
23361 pts/0    00:00:00 vmaccess
23363 pts/0    00:00:00 ps

But that's mostly unrelated to this code.

Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>

-Kees

>  
>  include ../lib.mk
> diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c b/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..4db327b
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,86 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * Copyright (c) 2020 Bernd Edlinger <bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de>
> + * All rights reserved.
> + *
> + * Check whether /proc/$pid/mem can be accessed without causing deadlocks
> + * when de_thread is blocked with ->cred_guard_mutex held.
> + */
> +
> +#include "../kselftest_harness.h"
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <fcntl.h>
> +#include <pthread.h>
> +#include <signal.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +#include <sys/ptrace.h>
> +
> +static void *thread(void *arg)
> +{
> +	ptrace(PTRACE_TRACEME, 0, 0L, 0L);
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +TEST(vmaccess)
> +{
> +	int f, pid = fork();
> +	char mm[64];
> +
> +	if (!pid) {
> +		pthread_t pt;
> +
> +		pthread_create(&pt, NULL, thread, NULL);
> +		pthread_join(pt, NULL);
> +		execlp("true", "true", NULL);
> +	}
> +
> +	sleep(1);
> +	sprintf(mm, "/proc/%d/mem", pid);
> +	f = open(mm, O_RDONLY);
> +	ASSERT_GE(f, 0);
> +	close(f);
> +	f = kill(pid, SIGCONT);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(f, 0);
> +}
> +
> +TEST(attach)
> +{
> +	int s, k, pid = fork();
> +
> +	if (!pid) {
> +		pthread_t pt;
> +
> +		pthread_create(&pt, NULL, thread, NULL);
> +		pthread_join(pt, NULL);
> +		execlp("sleep", "sleep", "2", NULL);
> +	}
> +
> +	sleep(1);
> +	k = ptrace(PTRACE_ATTACH, pid, 0L, 0L);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(errno, EAGAIN);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(k, -1);
> +	k = waitpid(-1, &s, WNOHANG);
> +	ASSERT_NE(k, -1);
> +	ASSERT_NE(k, 0);
> +	ASSERT_NE(k, pid);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(WIFEXITED(s), 1);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(WEXITSTATUS(s), 0);
> +	sleep(1);
> +	k = ptrace(PTRACE_ATTACH, pid, 0L, 0L);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(k, 0);
> +	k = waitpid(-1, &s, 0);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(k, pid);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(WIFSTOPPED(s), 1);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(WSTOPSIG(s), SIGSTOP);
> +	k = ptrace(PTRACE_DETACH, pid, 0L, 0L);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(k, 0);
> +	k = waitpid(-1, &s, 0);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(k, pid);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(WIFEXITED(s), 1);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(WEXITSTATUS(s), 0);
> +	k = waitpid(-1, NULL, 0);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(k, -1);
> +	ASSERT_EQ(errno, ECHILD);
> +}
> +
> +TEST_HARNESS_MAIN
> -- 
> 1.9.1

-- 
Kees Cook

  reply index

Thread overview: 203+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-01 11:27 [PATCH] exec: Fix a deadlock in ptrace Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-01 15:13 ` Aleksa Sarai
2020-03-01 15:58   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-01 17:46     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-01 18:20       ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-01 17:24   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-01 18:21 ` Jann Horn
2020-03-01 18:52   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-01 19:00     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-01 20:00     ` Jann Horn
2020-03-01 20:34       ` [PATCHv2] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02  6:38         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-02 15:43           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 15:57             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-02 16:02               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 16:17                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-02 16:43                   ` Jann Horn
2020-03-02 17:01                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 17:37                       ` Jann Horn
2020-03-02 17:42                         ` christian
2020-03-02 18:08                           ` Jann Horn
2020-03-02 20:10                             ` [PATCHv3] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 20:28                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 17:13                   ` [PATCHv2] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 21:49                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-02 22:00                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02 22:18                       ` [PATCHv4] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03  2:26                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-03  4:54                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03  5:29                             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-03  8:08                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03  8:34                                 ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03  8:43                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-04 15:30                                 ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03  8:58                           ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03 10:34                             ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 11:23                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 14:20                                 ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03 13:02                             ` [PATCHv5] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 15:18                               ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-03 16:48                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 17:01                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03 17:20                                     ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-03 20:08                                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-04 14:37                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-04 16:33                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-04 21:49                                         ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-04 21:56                                         ` [PATCHv6] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-05 18:36                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-05 21:14                                             ` [PATCH 0/2] Infrastructure to allow fixing exec deadlocks Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 21:15                                               ` [PATCH 1/2] exec: Properly mark the point of no return Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 22:34                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06  5:19                                                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 22:56                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06  5:09                                                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-06 16:26                                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06 17:16                                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 21:16                                               ` [PATCH 2/2] exec: Add a exec_update_mutex to replace cred_guard_mutex Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 21:51                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06  5:17                                                   ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-06 11:46                                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06 21:18                                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-06 19:16                                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06 21:58                                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-06 22:29                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-07  1:03                                                           ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-08 12:58                                                             ` [PATCH] exec: make de_thread alloc new signal struct earlier Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-08 18:12                                                               ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-05 22:31                                               ` [PATCH 0/2] Infrastructure to allow fixing exec deadlocks Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-06  5:06                                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-08 21:34                                               ` [PATCH 0/5] " Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-08 21:35                                                 ` [PATCH v2 1/5] exec: Only compute current once in flush_old_exec Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 13:56                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 17:34                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 17:56                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:27                                                         ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 20:17                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:12                                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-08 21:36                                                 ` [PATCH v2 2/5] exec: Factor unshare_sighand out of de_thread and call it separately Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:28                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 20:29                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 20:34                                                     ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 20:57                                                       ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:21                                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-08 21:36                                                 ` [PATCH v2 3/5] exec: Move cleanup of posix timers on exec out of de_thread Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:30                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:59                                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-09 20:06                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 20:17                                                       ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-09 20:48                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10  8:55                                                           ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-10 18:52                                                             ` [PATCH] pidfd: Stop taking cred_guard_mutex Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 19:15                                                               ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-10 19:16                                                               ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 19:27                                                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:00                                                                   ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 20:10                                                                     ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 20:22                                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11  6:11                                                                         ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 14:56                                                                           ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 20:57                                                                       ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 21:29                                                                         ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-11 18:49                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-14  9:12                                                                           ` [PATCH] pidfd: Use new infrastructure to fix deadlocks in execve Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 20:16                                                           ` [PATCH v2 3/5] exec: Move cleanup of posix timers on exec out of de_thread Kees Cook
2020-03-10 20:31                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 20:57                                                   ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 21:05                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 21:22                                                   ` Christian Brauner
2020-03-08 21:38                                                 ` [PATCH v2 4/5] exec: Move exec_mmap right after de_thread in flush_old_exec Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:34                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:45                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:52                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:58                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 20:03                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 20:35                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:44                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:20                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:47                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:09                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-08 21:38                                                 ` [PATCH v2 5/5] exec: Add a exec_update_mutex to replace cred_guard_mutex Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 13:45                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 17:40                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 18:01                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 18:10                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 18:24                                                           ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 18:36                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 18:47                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:02                                                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:24                                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-09 19:35                                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-09 19:39                                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 13:43                                                                       ` [PATCH 0/4] Use new infrastructure to fix deadlocks in execve Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 15:35                                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 17:44                                                                           ` [PATCH 0/4] Use new infrastructure in more simple cases Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 17:45                                                                           ` [PATCH 1/4] kernel/kcmp.c: Use new infrastructure to fix deadlocks in execve Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 19:01                                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 19:42                                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 17:45                                                                           ` [PATCH 2/4] proc: " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 18:59                                                                             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-11 19:10                                                                             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-11 19:38                                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 17:45                                                                           ` [PATCH 3/4] proc: io_accounting: " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 19:06                                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:19                                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 21:25                                                                                 ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-11 19:08                                                                             ` Kees Cook
2020-03-11 19:48                                                                               ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 19:48                                                                               ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 17:45                                                                           ` [PATCH 4/4] perf: " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 13:43                                                                       ` [PATCH 1/4] exec: Fix a deadlock in ptrace Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 15:13                                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 15:17                                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 21:00                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 13:44                                                                       ` [PATCH 2/4] selftests/ptrace: add test cases for dead-locks Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-10 21:36                                                                         ` Kees Cook [this message]
2020-03-10 22:41                                                                         ` Dmitry V. Levin
2020-03-10 13:44                                                                       ` [PATCH 3/4] mm: docs: Fix a comment in process_vm_rw_core Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 18:53                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 13:44                                                                       ` [PATCH 4/4] kernel: doc: remove outdated comment cred.c Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 18:54                                                                         ` Kees Cook
2020-03-09 19:33                                                                   ` [PATCH v2 5/5] exec: Add a exec_update_mutex to replace cred_guard_mutex Dmitry V. Levin
2020-03-09 19:42                                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 20:55                                                                   ` Kees Cook
2020-03-10 21:02                                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 21:21                                                   ` Jann Horn
2020-03-10 21:30                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-10 23:21                                                       ` Jann Horn
2020-03-11  0:15                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-11  6:33                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-11 16:29                                                             ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-11 13:18                                                   ` Qian Cai
2020-03-12 10:27                                                   ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-12 12:24                                                     ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-12 13:45                                                       ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-12 14:38                                                         ` Eric W. Biederman
2020-03-12 15:23                                                           ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-13  1:05                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-13  9:13                                                             ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-14  9:11                                                               ` [PATCH v3 " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-17  8:56                                                                 ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-17 21:53                                                                   ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-18 12:22                                                                     ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-18 20:06                                                                       ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-19  7:13                                                                         ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-19  7:19                                                                           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-19  9:11                                                                           ` [PATCH v4 3/5] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-19  9:13                                                                             ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-19  9:19                                                                               ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2020-03-19  9:20                                                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-21 22:53                                                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14  9:12                                                               ` [PATCH 0/2] exec: Fix dead-lock in de_thread with ptrace_attach Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14  9:12                                                               ` [PATCH 1/2] " Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14  9:13                                                               ` [PATCH 2/2] doc: Update documentation of ->exec_*_mutex Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14  9:57                                                               ` [PATCH v2 5/5] exec: Add a exec_update_mutex to replace cred_guard_mutex Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-14 10:02                                                                 ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-17  8:58                                                                   ` Kirill Tkhai
2020-03-09 13:58                                                 ` [PATCH 0/5] Infrastructure to allow fixing exec deadlocks Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-03 16:50                                 ` [PATCHv5] exec: Fix a deadlock in ptrace Christian Brauner
2020-03-02 12:28         ` [PATCHv2] " Oleg Nesterov
2020-03-02 15:56           ` Bernd Edlinger
2020-03-02  7:47       ` [PATCH] " Christian Brauner
2020-03-02  7:48         ` Christian Brauner

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=202003101401.9A4FD3F@keescook \
    --to=keescook@chromium.org \
    --cc=aarcange@redhat.com \
    --cc=adobriyan@gmail.com \
    --cc=akpm@linux-foundation.org \
    --cc=anshuman.khandual@arm.com \
    --cc=avagin@gmail.com \
    --cc=bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de \
    --cc=bigeasy@linutronix.de \
    --cc=christian.brauner@ubuntu.com \
    --cc=christian@kellner.me \
    --cc=corbet@lwn.net \
    --cc=cyphar@cyphar.com \
    --cc=david@redhat.com \
    --cc=dhowells@redhat.com \
    --cc=duyuyang@gmail.com \
    --cc=ebiederm@xmission.com \
    --cc=frederic@kernel.org \
    --cc=gregkh@linuxfoundation.org \
    --cc=jamorris@linux.microsoft.com \
    --cc=jannh@google.com \
    --cc=jgg@ziepe.ca \
    --cc=ldv@altlinux.org \
    --cc=linux-api@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-doc@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-mm@kvack.org \
    --cc=mingo@kernel.org \
    --cc=oleg@redhat.com \
    --cc=peterz@infradead.org \
    --cc=shakeelb@google.com \
    --cc=stable@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=tglx@linutronix.de \
    --cc=viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/0 lkml/git/0.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/1 lkml/git/1.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/2 lkml/git/2.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/3 lkml/git/3.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4 lkml/git/4.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/5 lkml/git/5.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/6 lkml/git/6.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/7 lkml/git/7.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/8 lkml/git/8.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 lkml lkml/ https://lore.kernel.org/lkml \
		linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index lkml

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-kernel


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git