LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Giovanni Gherdovich <ggherdovich@suse.cz>
To: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	"Rafael J . Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: x86@kernel.org, linux-pm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Srinivas Pandruvada <srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com>,
	Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de>, Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>,
	Giovanni Gherdovich <ggherdovich@suse.cz>
Subject: [PATCH] x86, sched: Prevent divisions by zero in frequency invariant accounting
Date: Wed, 22 Apr 2020 16:40:55 +0200
Message-ID: <20200422144055.18171-1-ggherdovich@suse.cz> (raw)

The product mcnt * arch_max_freq_ratio could be zero if it overflows u64.

For context, a large value for arch_max_freq_ratio would be 5000,
corresponding to a turbo_freq/base_freq ratio of 5 (normally it's more like
1500-2000). A large increment frequency for the MPERF counter would be 5GHz
(the base clock of all CPUs on the market today is less than that). With
these figures, a CPU would need to go without a scheduler tick for around 8
days for the u64 overflow to happen. It is unlikely, but the check is
warranted.

Signed-off-by: Giovanni Gherdovich <ggherdovich@suse.cz>
Fixes: 1567c3e3467c ("x86, sched: Add support for frequency invariance")
---
 arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
index 8c89e4d9ad28..fb71395cbcad 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -2055,14 +2055,14 @@ void arch_scale_freq_tick(void)
 
 	acnt = aperf - this_cpu_read(arch_prev_aperf);
 	mcnt = mperf - this_cpu_read(arch_prev_mperf);
-	if (!mcnt)
-		return;
 
 	this_cpu_write(arch_prev_aperf, aperf);
 	this_cpu_write(arch_prev_mperf, mperf);
 
 	acnt <<= 2*SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT;
 	mcnt *= arch_max_freq_ratio;
+	if (!mcnt)
+		return;
 
 	freq_scale = div64_u64(acnt, mcnt);
 
-- 
2.16.4


             reply index

Thread overview: 3+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-04-22 14:40 Giovanni Gherdovich [this message]
2020-04-22 14:53 ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-04-22 17:17   ` Giovanni Gherdovich

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20200422144055.18171-1-ggherdovich@suse.cz \
    --to=ggherdovich@suse.cz \
    --cc=bp@suse.de \
    --cc=lenb@kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=linux-pm@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=mingo@redhat.com \
    --cc=peterz@infradead.org \
    --cc=rjw@rjwysocki.net \
    --cc=srinivas.pandruvada@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=tglx@linutronix.de \
    --cc=torvalds@linux-foundation.org \
    --cc=x86@kernel.org \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/0 lkml/git/0.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/1 lkml/git/1.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/2 lkml/git/2.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/3 lkml/git/3.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4 lkml/git/4.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/5 lkml/git/5.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/6 lkml/git/6.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/7 lkml/git/7.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/8 lkml/git/8.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/9 lkml/git/9.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/10 lkml/git/10.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 lkml lkml/ https://lore.kernel.org/lkml \
		linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index lkml

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-kernel


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git