linux-kernel.vger.kernel.org archive mirror
 help / color / mirror / Atom feed
From: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org, tglx@linutronix.de, bp@alien8.de,
	luto@kernel.org
Cc: hpa@zytor.com, dave.hansen@intel.com, tony.luck@intel.com,
	ak@linux.intel.com, ravi.v.shankar@intel.com,
	chang.seok.bae@intel.com, Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
Subject: [PATCH v10 17/18] x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2
Date: Thu, 23 Apr 2020 19:22:06 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200423232207.5797-18-sashal@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200423232207.5797-1-sashal@kernel.org>

From: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>

The kernel needs to explicitly enable FSGSBASE. So, the application needs
to know if it can safely use these instructions. Just looking at the CPUID
bit is not enough because it may be running in a kernel that does not
enable the instructions.

One way for the application would be to just try and catch the SIGILL.
But that is difficult to do in libraries which may not want to overwrite
the signal handlers of the main application.

Enumerate the enabled FSGSBASE capability in bit 1 of AT_HWCAP2 in the ELF
aux vector. AT_HWCAP2 is already used by PPC for similar purposes.

The application can access it open coded or by using the getauxval()
function in newer versions of glibc.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com>
Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
 arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h | 3 +++
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c       | 4 +++-
 2 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
index 8b2effe6efb82..5fdfcb47000f9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/hwcap2.h
@@ -5,4 +5,7 @@
 /* MONITOR/MWAIT enabled in Ring 3 */
 #define HWCAP2_RING3MWAIT		(1 << 0)
 
+/* Kernel allows FSGSBASE instructions available in Ring 3 */
+#define HWCAP2_FSGSBASE			BIT(1)
+
 #endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 0d480cbadc7dc..b5a086ea34258 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -1495,8 +1495,10 @@ static void identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)
 	setup_umip(c);
 
 	/* Enable FSGSBASE instructions if available. */
-	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE))
+	if (cpu_has(c, X86_FEATURE_FSGSBASE)) {
 		cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_FSGSBASE);
+		elf_hwcap2 |= HWCAP2_FSGSBASE;
+	}
 
 	/*
 	 * The vendor-specific functions might have changed features.
-- 
2.20.1


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-04-23 23:22 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 27+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-04-23 23:21 [PATCH v10 00/18] Enable FSGSBASE instructions Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 01/18] x86/ptrace: Prevent ptrace from clearing the FS/GS selector Sasha Levin
2020-04-25 22:46   ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 02/18] selftests/x86/fsgsbase: Test GS selector on ptracer-induced GS base write Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 03/18] x86/cpu: Add 'unsafe_fsgsbase' to enable CR4.FSGSBASE Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 04/18] x86/entry/64: Clean up paranoid exit Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 05/18] x86/entry/64: Switch CR3 before SWAPGS in paranoid entry Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 06/18] x86/entry/64: Introduce the FIND_PERCPU_BASE macro Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 07/18] x86/entry/64: Handle FSGSBASE enabled paranoid entry/exit Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 08/18] x86/entry/64: Document GSBASE handling in the paranoid path Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 09/18] x86/fsgsbase/64: Add intrinsics for FSGSBASE instructions Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:21 ` [PATCH v10 10/18] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE instructions in helper functions Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:22 ` [PATCH v10 11/18] x86/fsgsbase/64: Use FSGSBASE in switch_to() if available Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:22 ` [PATCH v10 12/18] x86/fsgsbase/64: move save_fsgs to header file Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:22 ` [PATCH v10 13/18] x86/fsgsbase/64: Use FSGSBASE instructions on thread copy and ptrace Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:22 ` [PATCH v10 14/18] x86/speculation/swapgs: Check FSGSBASE in enabling SWAPGS mitigation Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:22 ` [PATCH v10 15/18] selftests/x86/fsgsbase: Test ptracer-induced GS base write with FSGSBASE Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:22 ` [PATCH v10 16/18] x86/fsgsbase/64: Enable FSGSBASE on 64bit by default and add a chicken bit Sasha Levin
2020-04-23 23:22 ` Sasha Levin [this message]
2020-04-23 23:22 ` [PATCH v10 18/18] Documentation/x86/64: Add documentation for GS/FS addressing mode Sasha Levin
2020-05-10  8:09 ` [PATCH v10 00/18] Enable FSGSBASE instructions Vegard Nossum
2020-05-10  8:29   ` Vegard Nossum
2020-05-10 10:15     ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-05-10 14:17       ` Sasha Levin
2020-05-11  0:48     ` Andi Kleen
2020-05-11  0:50       ` Andi Kleen
2020-05-11  5:03         ` Sasha Levin

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=20200423232207.5797-18-sashal@kernel.org \
    --to=sashal@kernel.org \
    --cc=ak@linux.intel.com \
    --cc=bp@alien8.de \
    --cc=chang.seok.bae@intel.com \
    --cc=dave.hansen@intel.com \
    --cc=hpa@zytor.com \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=luto@kernel.org \
    --cc=ravi.v.shankar@intel.com \
    --cc=tglx@linutronix.de \
    --cc=tony.luck@intel.com \
    --subject='Re: [PATCH v10 17/18] x86/elf: Enumerate kernel FSGSBASE capability in AT_HWCAP2' \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
on how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox