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* [PATCH v13 0/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health
@ 2020-06-15 12:44 Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 1/6] powerpc: Document details on H_SCM_HEALTH hcall Vaibhav Jain
                   ` (5 more replies)
  0 siblings, 6 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-06-15 12:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Dan Williams, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt,
	Ira Weiny

Changes since v12 [1]:
* Fixed the clang warning regarding variable length object' being not at
  the end of the 'struct nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg' by introducing a new layout.
* Removed instance of 'struct nd_cmd_pkg hdr' from 'struct
  nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg' and renamed the struct to 'struct nd_pkg_pdsm' to
  match the libndctl naming convention.
* Introduced 'union nd_pdsm_payload' thats a maximal union of all
  possible payload structs and use it instead of having flexible
  'payload' member 'struct nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg'.
* Introduce pdsm descriptor 'struct pdsm_cmd_desc' and its array
  __pdsm_cmd_descriptors[] that holds a payload 'size_[in|out]' and
  service function for each pdsm. This is analogues to
  '__nd_cmd_dimm_descs[]'
* Introduce function 'pdsm_cmd_desc()' to fetch the corresponding pdsm
  descriptor for each valid pdsm.
* Updated papr_scm_service_pdsm() to use 'pdsm_cmd_desc()' and apply
  checks on 'nd_cmd_pkg' payload based on psdm descriptor members and
  finally service the pdsm using the 'service' member of the
  descriptor.
* Updated Patch-5 that to use the updated 'struct nd_pkg_pdsm'
  definition.
  
[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-nvdimm/20200608211026.67573-1-vaibhav@linux.ibm.com
---

The PAPR standard[2][4] provides mechanisms to query the health and
performance stats of an NVDIMM via various hcalls as described in
Ref[3].  Until now these stats were never available nor exposed to the
user-space tools like 'ndctl'. This is partly due to PAPR platform not
having support for ACPI and NFIT. Hence 'ndctl' is unable to query and
report the dimm health status and a user had no way to determine the
current health status of a NDVIMM.

To overcome this limitation, this patch-set updates papr_scm kernel
module to query and fetch NVDIMM health stats using hcalls described
in Ref[3].  This health and performance stats are then exposed to
userspace via sysfs and PAPR-NVDIMM-Specific-Methods(PDSM) issued by
libndctl.

These changes coupled with proposed ndtcl changes located at Ref[5]
should provide a way for the user to retrieve NVDIMM health status
using ndtcl.

Below is a sample output using proposed kernel + ndctl for PAPR NVDIMM
in a emulation environment:

 # ndctl list -DH
[
  {
    "dev":"nmem0",
    "health":{
      "health_state":"fatal",
      "shutdown_state":"dirty"
    }
  }
]

Dimm health report output on a pseries guest lpar with vPMEM or HMS
based NVDIMMs that are in perfectly healthy conditions:

 # ndctl list -d nmem0 -H
[
  {
    "dev":"nmem0",
    "health":{
      "health_state":"ok",
      "shutdown_state":"clean"
    }
  }
]

PAPR NVDIMM-Specific-Methods(PDSM)
==================================

PDSM requests are issued by vendor specific code in libndctl to
execute certain operations or fetch information from NVDIMMS. PDSMs
requests can be sent to papr_scm module via libndctl(userspace) and
libnvdimm (kernel) using the ND_CMD_CALL ioctl command which can be
handled in the dimm control function papr_scm_ndctl(). Current
patchset proposes a single PDSM to retrieve NVDIMM health, defined in
the newly introduced uapi header named 'papr_pdsm.h'. Support for
more PDSMs will be added in future.

Structure of the patch-set
==========================

The patch-set starts with a doc patch documenting details of hcall
H_SCM_HEALTH. Second patch exports kernel symbol seq_buf_printf()
thats used in subsequent patches to generate sysfs attribute content.

Third patch implements support for fetching NVDIMM health information
from PHYP and partially exposing it to user-space via a NVDIMM sysfs
flag.

Fourth patch updates papr_scm_ndctl() to handle a possible error case
and also improve debug logging.

Fifth patch deals with implementing support for servicing PDSM
commands in papr_scm module.

Finally the last patch implements support for servicing PDSM
'PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH' that returns the NVDIMM health information to
libndctl.

References:
[2] "Power Architecture Platform Reference"
      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Power_Architecture_Platform_Reference
[3] commit 58b278f568f0
     ("powerpc: Provide initial documentation for PAPR hcalls")
[4] "Linux on Power Architecture Platform Reference"
     https://members.openpowerfoundation.org/document/dl/469
[5] https://github.com/vaibhav92/ndctl/tree/papr_scm_health_v13

---


Vaibhav Jain (6):
  powerpc: Document details on H_SCM_HEALTH hcall
  seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf
  powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm health information from PHYP
  powerpc/papr_scm: Improve error logging and handling papr_scm_ndctl()
  ndctl/papr_scm,uapi: Add support for PAPR nvdimm specific methods
  powerpc/papr_scm: Implement support for PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH

 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem |  27 ++
 Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst         |  46 +-
 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h     | 132 ++++++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c     | 420 +++++++++++++++++-
 include/uapi/linux/ndctl.h                    |   1 +
 lib/seq_buf.c                                 |   1 +
 6 files changed, 616 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h

-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 1/6] powerpc: Document details on H_SCM_HEALTH hcall
  2020-06-15 12:44 [PATCH v13 0/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-06-15 12:44 ` Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 2/6] seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf Vaibhav Jain
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-06-15 12:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Dan Williams, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt,
	Ira Weiny

Add documentation to 'papr_hcalls.rst' describing the bitmap flags
that are returned from H_SCM_HEALTH hcall as per the PAPR-SCM
specification.

Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Acked-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:

v12..v13:
* None

v11..v12:
* None

v10..v11:
* None

v9..v10:
* Added ack from Ira.

Resend:
* None

v8..v9:
* s/SCM/PMEM device. [ Dan Williams, Aneesh ]

v7..v8:
* Added a clarification on bit-ordering of Health Bitmap

Resend:
* None

v6..v7:
* None

v5..v6:
* New patch in the series
---
 Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 42 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst b/Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst
index 3493631a60f8..48fcf1255a33 100644
--- a/Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst
+++ b/Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst
@@ -220,13 +220,51 @@ from the LPAR memory.
 **H_SCM_HEALTH**
 
 | Input: drcIndex
-| Out: *health-bitmap, health-bit-valid-bitmap*
+| Out: *health-bitmap (r4), health-bit-valid-bitmap (r5)*
 | Return Value: *H_Success, H_Parameter, H_Hardware*
 
 Given a DRC Index return the info on predictive failure and overall health of
-the NVDIMM. The asserted bits in the health-bitmap indicate a single predictive
-failure and health-bit-valid-bitmap indicate which bits in health-bitmap are
-valid.
+the PMEM device. The asserted bits in the health-bitmap indicate one or more states
+(described in table below) of the PMEM device and health-bit-valid-bitmap indicate
+which bits in health-bitmap are valid. The bits are reported in
+reverse bit ordering for example a value of 0xC400000000000000
+indicates bits 0, 1, and 5 are valid.
+
+Health Bitmap Flags:
+
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  Bit |               Definition                                              |
++======+=======================================================================+
+|  00  | PMEM device is unable to persist memory contents.                     |
+|      | If the system is powered down, nothing will be saved.                 |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  01  | PMEM device failed to persist memory contents. Either contents were   |
+|      | not saved successfully on power down or were not restored properly on |
+|      | power up.                                                             |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  02  | PMEM device contents are persisted from previous IPL. The data from   |
+|      | the last boot were successfully restored.                             |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  03  | PMEM device contents are not persisted from previous IPL. There was no|
+|      | data to restore from the last boot.                                   |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  04  | PMEM device memory life remaining is critically low                   |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  05  | PMEM device will be garded off next IPL due to failure                |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  06  | PMEM device contents cannot persist due to current platform health    |
+|      | status. A hardware failure may prevent data from being saved or       |
+|      | restored.                                                             |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  07  | PMEM device is unable to persist memory contents in certain conditions|
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  08  | PMEM device is encrypted                                              |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|  09  | PMEM device has successfully completed a requested erase or secure    |
+|      | erase procedure.                                                      |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
+|10:63 | Reserved / Unused                                                     |
++------+-----------------------------------------------------------------------+
 
 **H_SCM_PERFORMANCE_STATS**
 
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 2/6] seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf
  2020-06-15 12:44 [PATCH v13 0/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 1/6] powerpc: Document details on H_SCM_HEALTH hcall Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-06-15 12:44 ` Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:55   ` Borislav Petkov
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 3/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm health information from PHYP Vaibhav Jain
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 1 reply; 11+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-06-15 12:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Dan Williams, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt,
	Ira Weiny, Piotr Maziarz, Cezary Rojewski, Christoph Hellwig,
	Borislav Petkov

'seq_buf' provides a very useful abstraction for writing to a string
buffer without needing to worry about it over-flowing. However even
though the API has been stable for couple of years now its still not
exported to kernel loadable modules limiting its usage.

Hence this patch proposes update to 'seq_buf.c' to mark
seq_buf_printf() which is part of the seq_buf API to be exported to
kernel loadable GPL modules. This symbol will be used in later parts
of this patch-set to simplify content creation for a sysfs attribute.

Cc: Piotr Maziarz <piotrx.maziarz@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Cezary Rojewski <cezary.rojewski@intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:

v12..v13:
* None

v11..v12:
* None

v10..v11:
* None

v9..v10:
* None

Resend:
* Added ack from Steven Rostedt

v8..v9:
* None

v7..v8:
* Updated the patch title [ Christoph Hellwig ]
* Updated patch description to replace confusing term 'external kernel
  modules' to 'kernel lodable modules'.

Resend:
* Added ack from Steven Rostedt

v6..v7:
* New patch in the series
---
 lib/seq_buf.c | 1 +
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)

diff --git a/lib/seq_buf.c b/lib/seq_buf.c
index 4e865d42ab03..707453f5d58e 100644
--- a/lib/seq_buf.c
+++ b/lib/seq_buf.c
@@ -91,6 +91,7 @@ int seq_buf_printf(struct seq_buf *s, const char *fmt, ...)
 
 	return ret;
 }
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(seq_buf_printf);
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_BINARY_PRINTF
 /**
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 3/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm health information from PHYP
  2020-06-15 12:44 [PATCH v13 0/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 1/6] powerpc: Document details on H_SCM_HEALTH hcall Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 2/6] seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-06-15 12:44 ` Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-16  2:23   ` Ira Weiny
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 4/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Improve error logging and handling papr_scm_ndctl() Vaibhav Jain
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  5 siblings, 1 reply; 11+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-06-15 12:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Dan Williams, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt,
	Ira Weiny

Implement support for fetching nvdimm health information via
H_SCM_HEALTH hcall as documented in Ref[1]. The hcall returns a pair
of 64-bit bitmap, bitwise-and of which is then stored in
'struct papr_scm_priv' and subsequently partially exposed to
user-space via newly introduced dimm specific attribute
'papr/flags'. Since the hcall is costly, the health information is
cached and only re-queried, 60s after the previous successful hcall.

The patch also adds a  documentation text describing flags reported by
the the new sysfs attribute 'papr/flags' is also introduced at
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem.

[1] commit 58b278f568f0 ("powerpc: Provide initial documentation for
PAPR hcalls")

Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:

v12..v13:
* None

v11..v12:
* None

v10..v11:
* None

v9..v10:
* Removed an avoidable 'goto' in __drc_pmem_query_health. [ Ira ].

Resend:
* Added ack from Aneesh.

v8..v9:
* Rename some variables and defines to reduce usage of term SCM
  replacing it with PMEM [Dan Williams, Aneesh]
* s/PAPR_SCM_DIMM/PAPR_PMEM/g
* s/papr_scm_nd_attributes/papr_nd_attributes/g
* s/papr_scm_nd_attribute_group/papr_nd_attribute_group/g
* s/papr_scm_dimm_attr_groups/papr_nd_attribute_groups/g
* Renamed file sysfs-bus-papr-scm to sysfs-bus-papr-pmem

v7..v8:
* Update type of variable 'rc' in __drc_pmem_query_health() and
  drc_pmem_query_health() to long and int respectively. [ Ira ]
* Updated the patch description to s/64 bit Big Endian Number/64-bit
  bitmap/ [ Ira, Aneesh ].

Resend:
* None

v6..v7 :
* Used the exported buf_seq_printf() function to generate content for
  'papr/flags'
* Moved the PAPR_SCM_DIMM_* bit-flags macro definitions to papr_scm.c
  and removed the papr_scm.h file [Mpe]
* Some minor consistency issued in sysfs-bus-papr-scm
  documentation. [Mpe]
* s/dimm_mutex/health_mutex/g [Mpe]
* Split drc_pmem_query_health() into two function one of which takes
  care of caching and locking. [Mpe]
* Fixed a local copy creation of dimm health information using
  READ_ONCE(). [Mpe]

v5..v6 :
* Change the flags sysfs attribute from 'papr_flags' to 'papr/flags'
  [Dan Williams]
* Include documentation for 'papr/flags' attr [Dan Williams]
* Change flag 'save_fail' to 'flush_fail' [Dan Williams]
* Caching of health bitmap to reduce expensive hcalls [Dan Williams]
* Removed usage of PPC_BIT from 'papr-scm.h' header [Mpe]
* Replaced two __be64 integers from papr_scm_priv to a single u64
  integer [Mpe]
* Updated patch description to reflect the changes made in this
  version.
* Removed avoidable usage of 'papr_scm_priv.dimm_mutex' from
  flags_show() [Dan Williams]

v4..v5 :
* None

v3..v4 :
* None

v2..v3 :
* Removed PAPR_SCM_DIMM_HEALTH_NON_CRITICAL as a condition for
       	 NVDIMM unarmed [Aneesh]

v1..v2 :
* New patch in the series.
---
 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem |  27 +++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c     | 168 +++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 193 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5b10d036a8d4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
+What:		/sys/bus/nd/devices/nmemX/papr/flags
+Date:		Apr, 2020
+KernelVersion:	v5.8
+Contact:	linuxppc-dev <linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org>, linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org,
+Description:
+		(RO) Report flags indicating various states of a
+		papr-pmem NVDIMM device. Each flag maps to a one or
+		more bits set in the dimm-health-bitmap retrieved in
+		response to H_SCM_HEALTH hcall. The details of the bit
+		flags returned in response to this hcall is available
+		at 'Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst' . Below are
+		the flags reported in this sysfs file:
+
+		* "not_armed"	: Indicates that NVDIMM contents will not
+				  survive a power cycle.
+		* "flush_fail"	: Indicates that NVDIMM contents
+				  couldn't be flushed during last
+				  shut-down event.
+		* "restore_fail": Indicates that NVDIMM contents
+				  couldn't be restored during NVDIMM
+				  initialization.
+		* "encrypted"	: NVDIMM contents are encrypted.
+		* "smart_notify": There is health event for the NVDIMM.
+		* "scrubbed"	: Indicating that contents of the
+				  NVDIMM have been scrubbed.
+		* "locked"	: Indicating that NVDIMM contents cant
+				  be modified until next power cycle.
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
index f35592423380..0c091622b15e 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
 #include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
 #include <linux/platform_device.h>
 #include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/seq_buf.h>
 
 #include <asm/plpar_wrappers.h>
 
@@ -22,6 +23,44 @@
 	 (1ul << ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA) | \
 	 (1ul << ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA))
 
+/* DIMM health bitmap bitmap indicators */
+/* SCM device is unable to persist memory contents */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED                   (1ULL << (63 - 0))
+/* SCM device failed to persist memory contents */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_DIRTY            (1ULL << (63 - 1))
+/* SCM device contents are persisted from previous IPL */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_CLEAN            (1ULL << (63 - 2))
+/* SCM device contents are not persisted from previous IPL */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_EMPTY                     (1ULL << (63 - 3))
+/* SCM device memory life remaining is critically low */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_CRITICAL           (1ULL << (63 - 4))
+/* SCM device will be garded off next IPL due to failure */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_FATAL              (1ULL << (63 - 5))
+/* SCM contents cannot persist due to current platform health status */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY          (1ULL << (63 - 6))
+/* SCM device is unable to persist memory contents in certain conditions */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_NON_CRITICAL       (1ULL << (63 - 7))
+/* SCM device is encrypted */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_ENCRYPTED                 (1ULL << (63 - 8))
+/* SCM device has been scrubbed and locked */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_SCRUBBED_AND_LOCKED       (1ULL << (63 - 9))
+
+/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unarmed dimm */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED |		\
+				PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY)
+
+/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unflushed dimm */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_BAD_SHUTDOWN_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_DIRTY)
+
+/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unrestored dimm */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_BAD_RESTORE_MASK  (PAPR_PMEM_EMPTY)
+
+/* Bit status indicators for smart event notification */
+#define PAPR_PMEM_SMART_EVENT_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_CRITICAL | \
+				    PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_FATAL |	\
+				    PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY)
+
+/* private struct associated with each region */
 struct papr_scm_priv {
 	struct platform_device *pdev;
 	struct device_node *dn;
@@ -39,6 +78,15 @@ struct papr_scm_priv {
 	struct resource res;
 	struct nd_region *region;
 	struct nd_interleave_set nd_set;
+
+	/* Protect dimm health data from concurrent read/writes */
+	struct mutex health_mutex;
+
+	/* Last time the health information of the dimm was updated */
+	unsigned long lasthealth_jiffies;
+
+	/* Health information for the dimm */
+	u64 health_bitmap;
 };
 
 static int drc_pmem_bind(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
@@ -144,6 +192,61 @@ static int drc_pmem_query_n_bind(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 	return drc_pmem_bind(p);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Issue hcall to retrieve dimm health info and populate papr_scm_priv with the
+ * health information.
+ */
+static int __drc_pmem_query_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
+{
+	unsigned long ret[PLPAR_HCALL_BUFSIZE];
+	long rc;
+
+	/* issue the hcall */
+	rc = plpar_hcall(H_SCM_HEALTH, ret, p->drc_index);
+	if (rc != H_SUCCESS) {
+		dev_err(&p->pdev->dev,
+			"Failed to query health information, Err:%ld\n", rc);
+		return -ENXIO;
+	}
+
+	p->lasthealth_jiffies = jiffies;
+	p->health_bitmap = ret[0] & ret[1];
+
+	dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev,
+		"Queried dimm health info. Bitmap:0x%016lx Mask:0x%016lx\n",
+		ret[0], ret[1]);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/* Min interval in seconds for assuming stable dimm health */
+#define MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL 60
+
+/* Query cached health info and if needed call drc_pmem_query_health */
+static int drc_pmem_query_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
+{
+	unsigned long cache_timeout;
+	int rc;
+
+	/* Protect concurrent modifications to papr_scm_priv */
+	rc = mutex_lock_interruptible(&p->health_mutex);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	/* Jiffies offset for which the health data is assumed to be same */
+	cache_timeout = p->lasthealth_jiffies +
+		msecs_to_jiffies(MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL * 1000);
+
+	/* Fetch new health info is its older than MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL */
+	if (time_after(jiffies, cache_timeout))
+		rc = __drc_pmem_query_health(p);
+	else
+		/* Assume cached health data is valid */
+		rc = 0;
+
+	mutex_unlock(&p->health_mutex);
+	return rc;
+}
 
 static int papr_scm_meta_get(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
 			     struct nd_cmd_get_config_data_hdr *hdr)
@@ -286,6 +389,64 @@ static int papr_scm_ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static ssize_t flags_show(struct device *dev,
+			  struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+	struct nvdimm *dimm = to_nvdimm(dev);
+	struct papr_scm_priv *p = nvdimm_provider_data(dimm);
+	struct seq_buf s;
+	u64 health;
+	int rc;
+
+	rc = drc_pmem_query_health(p);
+	if (rc)
+		return rc;
+
+	/* Copy health_bitmap locally, check masks & update out buffer */
+	health = READ_ONCE(p->health_bitmap);
+
+	seq_buf_init(&s, buf, PAGE_SIZE);
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED_MASK)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "not_armed ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_BAD_SHUTDOWN_MASK)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "flush_fail ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_BAD_RESTORE_MASK)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "restore_fail ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_ENCRYPTED)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "encrypted ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_SMART_EVENT_MASK)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "smart_notify ");
+
+	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_SCRUBBED_AND_LOCKED)
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "scrubbed locked ");
+
+	if (seq_buf_used(&s))
+		seq_buf_printf(&s, "\n");
+
+	return seq_buf_used(&s);
+}
+DEVICE_ATTR_RO(flags);
+
+/* papr_scm specific dimm attributes */
+static struct attribute *papr_nd_attributes[] = {
+	&dev_attr_flags.attr,
+	NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group papr_nd_attribute_group = {
+	.name = "papr",
+	.attrs = papr_nd_attributes,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *papr_nd_attr_groups[] = {
+	&papr_nd_attribute_group,
+	NULL,
+};
+
 static int papr_scm_nvdimm_init(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 {
 	struct device *dev = &p->pdev->dev;
@@ -312,8 +473,8 @@ static int papr_scm_nvdimm_init(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
 	dimm_flags = 0;
 	set_bit(NDD_LABELING, &dimm_flags);
 
-	p->nvdimm = nvdimm_create(p->bus, p, NULL, dimm_flags,
-				  PAPR_SCM_DIMM_CMD_MASK, 0, NULL);
+	p->nvdimm = nvdimm_create(p->bus, p, papr_nd_attr_groups,
+				  dimm_flags, PAPR_SCM_DIMM_CMD_MASK, 0, NULL);
 	if (!p->nvdimm) {
 		dev_err(dev, "Error creating DIMM object for %pOF\n", p->dn);
 		goto err;
@@ -399,6 +560,9 @@ static int papr_scm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	if (!p)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
+	/* Initialize the dimm mutex */
+	mutex_init(&p->health_mutex);
+
 	/* optional DT properties */
 	of_property_read_u32(dn, "ibm,metadata-size", &metadata_size);
 
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 4/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Improve error logging and handling papr_scm_ndctl()
  2020-06-15 12:44 [PATCH v13 0/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health Vaibhav Jain
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 3/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm health information from PHYP Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-06-15 12:44 ` Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 5/6] ndctl/papr_scm,uapi: Add support for PAPR nvdimm specific methods Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 6/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Implement support for PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH Vaibhav Jain
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-06-15 12:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Dan Williams, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt,
	Ira Weiny

Since papr_scm_ndctl() can be called from outside papr_scm, its
exposed to the possibility of receiving NULL as value of 'cmd_rc'
argument. This patch updates papr_scm_ndctl() to protect against such
possibility by assigning it pointer to a local variable in case cmd_rc
== NULL.

Finally the patch also updates the 'default' add a debug log unknown
'cmd' values.

Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:

v12..v13:
* None

v11..v12:
* Added ack from Ira

v10..v11:
* Instead of returning *cmd_rd just return '0' in case nd_cmd is
  handled. In case of unknown nd-cmd return -EINVAL
  [ Ira and Dan Williams ]
* Updated patch description.

v9..v10
* New patch in the series
---
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c | 6 ++++++
 1 file changed, 6 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
index 0c091622b15e..692ad3d79826 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
@@ -355,11 +355,16 @@ static int papr_scm_ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
 {
 	struct nd_cmd_get_config_size *get_size_hdr;
 	struct papr_scm_priv *p;
+	int rc;
 
 	/* Only dimm-specific calls are supported atm */
 	if (!nvdimm)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
+	/* Use a local variable in case cmd_rc pointer is NULL */
+	if (!cmd_rc)
+		cmd_rc = &rc;
+
 	p = nvdimm_provider_data(nvdimm);
 
 	switch (cmd) {
@@ -381,6 +386,7 @@ static int papr_scm_ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
 		break;
 
 	default:
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "Unknown command = %d\n", cmd);
 		return -EINVAL;
 	}
 
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 5/6] ndctl/papr_scm,uapi: Add support for PAPR nvdimm specific methods
  2020-06-15 12:44 [PATCH v13 0/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health Vaibhav Jain
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 4/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Improve error logging and handling papr_scm_ndctl() Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-06-15 12:44 ` Vaibhav Jain
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 6/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Implement support for PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH Vaibhav Jain
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-06-15 12:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Dan Williams, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt,
	Ira Weiny

Introduce support for PAPR NVDIMM Specific Methods (PDSM) in papr_scm
module and add the command family NVDIMM_FAMILY_PAPR to the white list
of NVDIMM command sets. Also advertise support for ND_CMD_CALL for the
nvdimm command mask and implement necessary scaffolding in the module
to handle ND_CMD_CALL ioctl and PDSM requests that we receive.

The layout of the PDSM request as we expect from libnvdimm/libndctl is
described in newly introduced uapi header 'papr_pdsm.h' which
defines a 'struct nd_pkg_pdsm' and a maximal union named
'nd_pdsm_payload'. These new structs together with 'struct nd_cmd_pkg'
for a pdsm envelop thats sent by libndctl to libnvdimm and serviced by
papr_scm in 'papr_scm_service_pdsm()'. The PDSM request is
communicated by member 'struct nd_cmd_pkg.nd_command' together with
other information on the pdsm payload (size-in, size-out).

The patch also introduces 'struct pdsm_cmd_desc' instances of which
are stored in an array __pdsm_cmd_descriptors[] indexed with PDSM cmd
and corresponding access function pdsm_cmd_desc() is
introduced. 'struct pdsm_cdm_desc' holds the service function for a
given PDSM and corresponding payload in/out sizes.

A new function papr_scm_service_pdsm() is introduced and is called from
papr_scm_ndctl() in case of a PDSM request is received via ND_CMD_CALL
command from libnvdimm. The function performs validation on the PDSM
payload based on info present in corresponding PDSM descriptor and if
valid calls the 'struct pdcm_cmd_desc.service' function to service the
PDSM.

Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:

v12..v13:
* s/struct nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg/struct nd_pkg_pdsm/
* Removed instance of 'struct nd_cmd_pkg hdr' from 'struct
  nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg'.
* Introduced 'union nd_pdsm_payload' thats a maximal union of all
  possible payload structs.
* Instead of having flexible 'payload' member 'struct nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg'
  replace it with a 'union nd_pdsm_payload'.
* Introduce pdsm descriptor 'struct pdsm_cmd_desc' and its array
  __pdsm_cmd_descriptors[] that holds a payload 'size_[in|out]' and
  service function for each pdsm. This is analogus to
  '__nd_cmd_dimm_descs[]'
* Introduce function 'pdsm_cmd_desc()' to fetch the corrosponding pdsm
  descriptor for each valid pdsm.
* Updated papr_scm_service_pdsm() to use 'pdsm_cmd_desc()' and apply
  checks on 'nd_cmd_pkg' payload based on psdm descriptor members and
  finally service the pdsm using the 'service' member of the
  descriptor.
* Updated 'papr_scm_ndctl()' to send the 'struct nd_cmd_pkg*' instance
  to papr_scm_service_pdsm() instead of a 'struct nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg*'.
* Updated documentation in 'papr_psdm.h' to reflect new pdsm envelope
  layout.
* Update patch description.

v11..v12:
* Updated a misleading comment in 'papr_pdsm.h' regarding payload
  size. [ Ira ]

v10..v11:
* Moved in-lines 'nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg()' and 'pdsm_cmd_to_payload()' from
  'papr_pdsm.h' header to 'papr_scm.c'. The avoids a potential license
  incompatibility issue with non-GPL-2.0 user-space code trying to
  include the header in its code. [ Ira ]
* Verified papr_pdsm.h with UAPI_HEADER_TEST config.
* Moved the is_cmd_valid() check in papr_scm_ndctl() before check for
  cmd_rc == NULL. This prevents cmd_rc to be updated in case the
  nd-cmd is invalid or unknown.

v9..v10:
* Simplified 'struct nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg' by removing the
  'payload_version' field.
* Removed the corrosponding documentation on versioning and backward
  compatibility from 'papr_pdsm.h'
* Reduced the size of reserved fields to 4-bytes making 'struct
  nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg' 64 + 8 bytes long.
* Updated is_cmd_valid() to enforce validation checks on pdsm
  commands. [ Dan Williams ]
* Added check for reserved fields being set to '0' in is_cmd_valid()
  [ Ira ]
* Moved changes for checking cmd_rc == NULL and logging improvements
  to a separate prelim patch [ Ira ].
* Moved  pdsm package validation checks from papr_scm_service_pdsm()
  to is_cmd_valid().
* Marked papr_scm_service_pdsm() return type as 'void' since errors
  are reported in nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg.cmd_status field.

Resend:
* Added ack from Aneesh.

v8..v9:
* Reduced the usage of term SCM replacing it with appropriate
  replacement [ Dan Williams, Aneesh ]
* Renamed 'papr_scm_pdsm.h' to 'papr_pdsm.h'
* s/PAPR_SCM_PDSM_*/PAPR_PDSM_*/g
* s/NVDIMM_FAMILY_PAPR_SCM/NVDIMM_FAMILY_PAPR/g
* Minor updates to 'papr_psdm.h' to replace usage of term 'SCM'.
* Minor update to patch description.

v7..v8:
* Removed the 'payload_offset' field from 'struct
  nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg'. Instead command payload is always assumed to start
  at 'nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg.payload'. [ Aneesh ]
* To enable introducing new fields to 'struct nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg',
  'reserved' field of 10-bytes is introduced. [ Aneesh ]
* Fixed a typo in "Backward Compatibility" section of papr_scm_pdsm.h
  [ Ira ]

Resend:
* None

v6..v7 :
* Removed the re-definitions of __packed macro from papr_scm_pdsm.h
  [Mpe].
* Removed the usage of __KERNEL__ macros in papr_scm_pdsm.h [Mpe].
* Removed macros that were unused in papr_scm.c from papr_scm_pdsm.h
  [Mpe].
* Made functions defined in papr_scm_pdsm.h as static inline. [Mpe]

v5..v6 :
* Changed the usage of the term DSM to PDSM to distinguish it from the
  ACPI term [ Dan Williams ]
* Renamed papr_scm_dsm.h to papr_scm_pdsm.h and updated various struct
  to reflect the new terminology.
* Updated the patch description and title to reflect the new terminology.
* Squashed patch to introduce new command family in 'ndctl.h' with
  this patch [ Dan Williams ]
* Updated the papr_scm_pdsm method starting index from 0x10000 to 0x0
  [ Dan Williams ]
* Removed redundant license text from the papr_scm_psdm.h file.
  [ Dan Williams ]
* s/envelop/envelope/ at various places [ Dan Williams ]
* Added '__packed' attribute to command package header to gaurd
  against different compiler adding paddings between the fields.
  [ Dan Williams]
* Converted various pr_debug to dev_debug [ Dan Williams ]

v4..v5 :
* None

v3..v4 :
* None

v2..v3 :
* Updated the patch prefix to 'ndctl/uapi' [Aneesh]

v1..v2 :
* None
---
 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h |  95 +++++++++++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c | 193 +++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/uapi/linux/ndctl.h                |   1 +
 3 files changed, 285 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h b/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..28115152aa4e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h
@@ -0,0 +1,95 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/*
+ * PAPR nvDimm Specific Methods (PDSM) and structs for libndctl
+ *
+ * (C) Copyright IBM 2020
+ *
+ * Author: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav at linux.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_POWERPC_PAPR_PDSM_H_
+#define _UAPI_ASM_POWERPC_PAPR_PDSM_H_
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/ndctl.h>
+
+/*
+ * PDSM Envelope:
+ *
+ * The ioctl ND_CMD_CALL exchange data between user-space and kernel via
+ * envelope which consists of 2 headers sections and payload sections as
+ * illustrated below:
+ *  +-----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
+ *  |   64-Bytes      |   8-Bytes     |       Max 184-Bytes       |
+ *  +-----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
+ *  | ND-HEADER       |  PDSM-HEADER  |      PDSM-PAYLOAD         |
+ *  +-----------------+---------------+---------------------------+
+ *  | nd_family       |               |                           |
+ *  | nd_size_out     | cmd_status    |                           |
+ *  | nd_size_in      | reserved      |     nd_pdsm_payload       |
+ *  | nd_command      | payload   --> |                           |
+ *  | nd_fw_size      |               |                           |
+ *  | nd_payload ---> |               |                           |
+ *  +---------------+-----------------+---------------------------+
+ *
+ * ND Header:
+ * This is the generic libnvdimm header described as 'struct nd_cmd_pkg'
+ * which is interpreted by libnvdimm before passed on to papr_scm. Important
+ * member fields used are:
+ * 'nd_family'		: (In) NVDIMM_FAMILY_PAPR_SCM
+ * 'nd_size_in'		: (In) PDSM-HEADER + PDSM-IN-PAYLOAD (usually 0)
+ * 'nd_size_out'        : (In) PDSM-HEADER + PDSM-RETURN-PAYLOAD
+ * 'nd_command'         : (In) One of PAPR_PDSM_XXX
+ * 'nd_fw_size'         : (Out) PDSM-HEADER + size of actual payload returned
+ *
+ * PDSM Header:
+ * This is papr-scm specific header that precedes the payload. This is defined
+ * as nd_cmd_pdsm_pkg.  Following fields aare available in this header:
+ *
+ * 'cmd_status'		: (Out) Errors if any encountered while servicing PDSM.
+ * 'reserved'		: Not used, reserved for future and should be set to 0.
+ * 'payload'            : A union of all the possible payload structs
+ *
+ * PDSM Payload:
+ *
+ * The layout of the PDSM Payload is defined by various structs shared between
+ * papr_scm and libndctl so that contents of payload can be interpreted. As such
+ * its defined as a union of all possible payload structs as
+ * 'union nd_pdsm_payload'. Based on the value of 'nd_cmd_pkg.nd_command'
+ * appropriate member of the union is accessed.
+ */
+
+/* Max payload size that we can handle */
+#define ND_PDSM_PAYLOAD_MAX_SIZE 184
+
+/* Max payload size that we can handle */
+#define ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE \
+	(sizeof(struct nd_pkg_pdsm) - ND_PDSM_PAYLOAD_MAX_SIZE)
+
+/*
+ * Methods to be embedded in ND_CMD_CALL request. These are sent to the kernel
+ * via 'nd_cmd_pkg.nd_command' member of the ioctl struct
+ */
+enum papr_pdsm {
+	PAPR_PDSM_MIN = 0x0,
+	PAPR_PDSM_MAX,
+};
+
+/* Maximal union that can hold all possible payload types */
+union nd_pdsm_payload {
+	__u8 buf[ND_PDSM_PAYLOAD_MAX_SIZE];
+} __packed;
+
+/*
+ * PDSM-header + payload expected with ND_CMD_CALL ioctl from libnvdimm
+ * Valid member of union 'payload' is identified via 'nd_cmd_pkg.nd_command'
+ * that should always precede this struct when sent to papr_scm via CMD_CALL
+ * interface.
+ */
+struct nd_pkg_pdsm {
+	__s32 cmd_status;	/* Out: Sub-cmd status returned back */
+	__u16 reserved[2];	/* Ignored and to be set as '0' */
+	union nd_pdsm_payload payload;
+} __packed;
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_POWERPC_PAPR_PDSM_H_ */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
index 692ad3d79826..d3bbf9940ba4 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
@@ -15,13 +15,15 @@
 #include <linux/seq_buf.h>
 
 #include <asm/plpar_wrappers.h>
+#include <asm/papr_pdsm.h>
 
 #define BIND_ANY_ADDR (~0ul)
 
 #define PAPR_SCM_DIMM_CMD_MASK \
 	((1ul << ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_SIZE) | \
 	 (1ul << ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA) | \
-	 (1ul << ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA))
+	 (1ul << ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA) | \
+	 (1ul << ND_CMD_CALL))
 
 /* DIMM health bitmap bitmap indicators */
 /* SCM device is unable to persist memory contents */
@@ -349,17 +351,195 @@ static int papr_scm_meta_set(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Do a sanity checks on the inputs args to dimm-control function and return
+ * '0' if valid. Validation of PDSM payloads happens later in
+ * papr_scm_service_pdsm.
+ */
+static int is_cmd_valid(struct nvdimm *nvdimm, unsigned int cmd, void *buf,
+			unsigned int buf_len)
+{
+	unsigned long cmd_mask = PAPR_SCM_DIMM_CMD_MASK;
+	struct nd_cmd_pkg *nd_cmd;
+	struct papr_scm_priv *p;
+	enum papr_pdsm pdsm;
+
+	/* Only dimm-specific calls are supported atm */
+	if (!nvdimm)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/* get the provider data from struct nvdimm */
+	p = nvdimm_provider_data(nvdimm);
+
+	if (!test_bit(cmd, &cmd_mask)) {
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "Unsupported cmd=%u\n", cmd);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* For CMD_CALL verify pdsm request */
+	if (cmd == ND_CMD_CALL) {
+		/* Verify the envelope and envelop size */
+		if (!buf ||
+		    buf_len < (sizeof(struct nd_cmd_pkg) + ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE)) {
+			dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "Invalid pkg size=%u\n",
+				buf_len);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		/* Verify that the nd_cmd_pkg.nd_family is correct */
+		nd_cmd = (struct nd_cmd_pkg *)buf;
+
+		if (nd_cmd->nd_family != NVDIMM_FAMILY_PAPR) {
+			dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "Invalid pkg family=0x%llx\n",
+				nd_cmd->nd_family);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		pdsm = (enum papr_pdsm)nd_cmd->nd_command;
+
+		/* Verify if the pdsm command is valid */
+		if (pdsm <= PAPR_PDSM_MIN || pdsm >= PAPR_PDSM_MAX) {
+			dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "PDSM[0x%x]: Invalid PDSM\n",
+				pdsm);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		/* Have enough space to hold returned 'nd_pkg_pdsm' header */
+		if (nd_cmd->nd_size_out < ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE) {
+			dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "PDSM[0x%x]: Invalid payload\n",
+				pdsm);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Let the command be further processed */
+	return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * 'struct pdsm_cmd_desc'
+ * Identifies supported PDSMs' expected length of in/out payloads
+ * and pdsm service function.
+ *
+ * size_in	: Size of input payload if any in the PDSM request.
+ * size_out	: Size of output payload if any in the PDSM request.
+ * service	: Service function for the PDSM request. Return semantics:
+ *		  rc < 0 : Error servicing PDSM and rc indicates the error.
+ *		  rc >=0 : Serviced successfully and 'rc' indicate number of
+ *			bytes written to payload.
+ */
+struct pdsm_cmd_desc {
+	u32 size_in;
+	u32 size_out;
+	int (*service)(struct papr_scm_priv *dimm,
+		       union nd_pdsm_payload *payload);
+};
+
+/* Holds all supported PDSMs' command descriptors */
+static const struct pdsm_cmd_desc __pdsm_cmd_descriptors[] = {
+	[PAPR_PDSM_MIN] = {
+		.size_in = 0,
+		.size_out = 0,
+		.service = NULL,
+	},
+	/* New PDSM command descriptors to be added below */
+
+	/* Empty */
+	[PAPR_PDSM_MAX] = {
+		.size_in = 0,
+		.size_out = 0,
+		.service = NULL,
+	},
+};
+
+/* Given a valid pdsm cmd return its command descriptor else return NULL */
+static inline const struct pdsm_cmd_desc *pdsm_cmd_desc(enum papr_pdsm cmd)
+{
+	if (cmd >= 0 || cmd < ARRAY_SIZE(__pdsm_cmd_descriptors))
+		return &__pdsm_cmd_descriptors[cmd];
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For a given pdsm request call an appropriate service function.
+ * Returns errors if any while handling the pdsm command package.
+ */
+static int papr_scm_service_pdsm(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
+				 struct nd_cmd_pkg *pkg)
+{
+	/* Get the PDSM header and PDSM command */
+	struct nd_pkg_pdsm *pdsm_pkg = (struct nd_pkg_pdsm *)pkg->nd_payload;
+	enum papr_pdsm pdsm = (enum papr_pdsm)pkg->nd_command;
+	const struct pdsm_cmd_desc *pdsc;
+	int rc;
+
+	/* Fetch corresponding pdsm descriptor for validation and servicing */
+	pdsc = pdsm_cmd_desc(pdsm);
+
+	/* Validate pdsm descriptor */
+	/* Ensure that reserved fields are 0 */
+	if (pdsm_pkg->reserved[0] || pdsm_pkg->reserved[1]) {
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "PDSM[0x%x]: Invalid reserved field\n",
+			pdsm);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* If pdsm expects some input, then ensure that the size_in matches */
+	if (pdsc->size_in &&
+	    pkg->nd_size_in != (pdsc->size_in + ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE)) {
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "PDSM[0x%x]: Mismatched size_in=%d\n",
+			pdsm, pkg->nd_size_in);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* If pdsm wants to return data, then ensure that  size_out matches */
+	if (pdsc->size_out &&
+	    pkg->nd_size_out != (pdsc->size_out + ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE)) {
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "PDSM[0x%x]: Mismatched size_out=%d\n",
+			pdsm, pkg->nd_size_out);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	/* Service the pdsm */
+	if (pdsc->service) {
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "PDSM[0x%x]: Servicing..\n", pdsm);
+
+		rc = pdsc->service(p, &pdsm_pkg->payload);
+
+		if (rc < 0) {
+			/* error encountered while servicing pdsm */
+			pdsm_pkg->cmd_status = rc;
+			pkg->nd_fw_size = ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE;
+		} else {
+			/* pdsm serviced and 'rc' bytes written to payload */
+			pdsm_pkg->cmd_status = 0;
+			pkg->nd_fw_size = ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE + rc;
+		}
+	} else {
+		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "PDSM[0x%x]: Unsupported PDSM request\n",
+			pdsm);
+		pdsm_pkg->cmd_status = -ENOENT;
+		pkg->nd_fw_size = ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE;
+	}
+
+	return pdsm_pkg->cmd_status;
+}
+
 static int papr_scm_ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
 			  struct nvdimm *nvdimm, unsigned int cmd, void *buf,
 			  unsigned int buf_len, int *cmd_rc)
 {
 	struct nd_cmd_get_config_size *get_size_hdr;
+	struct nd_cmd_pkg *call_pkg = NULL;
 	struct papr_scm_priv *p;
 	int rc;
 
-	/* Only dimm-specific calls are supported atm */
-	if (!nvdimm)
-		return -EINVAL;
+	rc = is_cmd_valid(nvdimm, cmd, buf, buf_len);
+	if (rc) {
+		pr_debug("Invalid cmd=0x%x. Err=%d\n", cmd, rc);
+		return rc;
+	}
 
 	/* Use a local variable in case cmd_rc pointer is NULL */
 	if (!cmd_rc)
@@ -385,6 +565,11 @@ static int papr_scm_ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
 		*cmd_rc = papr_scm_meta_set(p, buf);
 		break;
 
+	case ND_CMD_CALL:
+		call_pkg = (struct nd_cmd_pkg *)buf;
+		*cmd_rc = papr_scm_service_pdsm(p, call_pkg);
+		break;
+
 	default:
 		dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev, "Unknown command = %d\n", cmd);
 		return -EINVAL;
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/ndctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/ndctl.h
index de5d90212409..0e09dc5cec19 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/ndctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/ndctl.h
@@ -244,6 +244,7 @@ struct nd_cmd_pkg {
 #define NVDIMM_FAMILY_HPE2 2
 #define NVDIMM_FAMILY_MSFT 3
 #define NVDIMM_FAMILY_HYPERV 4
+#define NVDIMM_FAMILY_PAPR 5
 
 #define ND_IOCTL_CALL			_IOWR(ND_IOCTL, ND_CMD_CALL,\
 					struct nd_cmd_pkg)
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 6/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Implement support for PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH
  2020-06-15 12:44 [PATCH v13 0/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health Vaibhav Jain
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 5/6] ndctl/papr_scm,uapi: Add support for PAPR nvdimm specific methods Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-06-15 12:44 ` Vaibhav Jain
  5 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Vaibhav Jain @ 2020-06-15 12:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, Dan Williams, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt,
	Ira Weiny

This patch implements support for PDSM request 'PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH'
that returns a newly introduced 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health' instance
containing dimm health information back to user space in response to
ND_CMD_CALL. This functionality is implemented in newly introduced
papr_pdsm_health() that queries the nvdimm health information and
then copies this information to the package payload whose layout is
defined by 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health'.

Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
---
Changelog:
v12..v13:
* Added the 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health' to 'union nd_pdsm_payload'
* Added pdsm descriptor of 'PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH' to
  __pdsm_cmd_descriptors[].
* Updated papr_pdsm_health() to copy the dimm health information
  directly into PDSM payload rather then copying it to an intermediate
  struct and then memcpy it to the PDSM payload area.

v11..v12:
* Minor: Reodered the initialization of 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health'
  fields to match order present in its definition. [ Ira ]
* Added ack from Ira

v10..v11:
* Changed the definition of 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health' to a maximal
  struct 184 bytes in size [ Dan Williams ]
* Added new field 'extension_flags' to 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health'
  [ Dan Williams ]
* Updated papr_pdsm_health() to set field 'extension_flags' to 0.
* Introduced a define ND_PDSM_PAYLOAD_MAX_SIZE that indicates the
  maximum size of a payload.
* Fixed a suspicious conversion from u64 to u8 in papr_pdsm_health
  that was preventing correct initialization of 'struct
  nd_papr_pdsm_health'. [ Ira ]

v9..v10:
* Removed code in papr_pdsm_health that performed validation on pdsm
  payload version and corrosponding struct and defines used for
  validation of payload version.
* Dropped usage of struct papr_pdsm_health in 'struct
  papr_scm_priv'. Instead papr_psdm_health() now uses
  'papr_scm_priv.health_bitmap' to populate the pdsm payload.
* Above change also fixes the problem where this patch was removing
  the code that was previously introduced in this patch-series.
  [ Ira ]
* Introduced a new def ND_PDSM_ENVELOPE_HDR_SIZE that indicates the
  space allocated to 'struct nd_pdsm_cmd_pkg' fields except 'struct
  nd_cmd_pkg'. This def is useful in validating payload sizes.
* Reworked papr_pdsm_health() to enforce a specific payload size for
  'PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH' pdsm request.

Resend:
* Added ack from Aneesh.

v8..v9:
* s/PAPR_SCM_PDSM_HEALTH/PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH/g  [ Dan , Aneesh ]
* s/PAPR_SCM_PSDM_DIMM_*/PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_*/g
* Renamed papr_scm_get_health() to papr_psdm_health()
* Updated patch description to replace papr-scm dimm with nvdimm.

v7..v8:
* None

Resend:
* None

v6..v7:
* Updated flags_show() to use seq_buf_printf(). [Mpe]
* Updated papr_scm_get_health() to use newly introduced
  __drc_pmem_query_health() bypassing the cache [Mpe].

v5..v6:
* Added attribute '__packed' to 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health_v1' to
  gaurd against possibility of different compilers adding different
  paddings to the struct [ Dan Williams ]

* Updated 'struct nd_papr_pdsm_health_v1' to use __u8 instead of
  'bool' and also updated drc_pmem_query_health() to take this into
  account. [ Dan Williams ]

v4..v5:
* None

v3..v4:
* Call the DSM_PAPR_SCM_HEALTH service function from
  papr_scm_service_dsm() instead of papr_scm_ndctl(). [Aneesh]

v2..v3:
* Updated struct nd_papr_scm_dimm_health_stat_v1 to use '__xx' types
  as its exported to the userspace [Aneesh]
* Changed the constants DSM_PAPR_SCM_DIMM_XX indicating dimm health
  from enum to #defines [Aneesh]

v1..v2:
* New patch in the series
---
 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h | 37 ++++++++++++++++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c | 51 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 88 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h b/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h
index 28115152aa4e..9ccecc1d6840 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/papr_pdsm.h
@@ -66,17 +66,54 @@
 #define ND_PDSM_HDR_SIZE \
 	(sizeof(struct nd_pkg_pdsm) - ND_PDSM_PAYLOAD_MAX_SIZE)
 
+/* Various nvdimm health indicators */
+#define PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_HEALTHY       0
+#define PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_UNHEALTHY     1
+#define PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_CRITICAL      2
+#define PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_FATAL         3
+
+/*
+ * Struct exchanged between kernel & ndctl in for PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH
+ * Various flags indicate the health status of the dimm.
+ *
+ * extension_flags	: Any extension fields present in the struct.
+ * dimm_unarmed		: Dimm not armed. So contents wont persist.
+ * dimm_bad_shutdown	: Previous shutdown did not persist contents.
+ * dimm_bad_restore	: Contents from previous shutdown werent restored.
+ * dimm_scrubbed	: Contents of the dimm have been scrubbed.
+ * dimm_locked		: Contents of the dimm cant be modified until CEC reboot
+ * dimm_encrypted	: Contents of dimm are encrypted.
+ * dimm_health		: Dimm health indicator. One of PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_XXXX
+ */
+struct nd_papr_pdsm_health {
+	union {
+		struct {
+			__u32 extension_flags;
+			__u8 dimm_unarmed;
+			__u8 dimm_bad_shutdown;
+			__u8 dimm_bad_restore;
+			__u8 dimm_scrubbed;
+			__u8 dimm_locked;
+			__u8 dimm_encrypted;
+			__u16 dimm_health;
+		};
+		__u8 buf[ND_PDSM_PAYLOAD_MAX_SIZE];
+	};
+};
+
 /*
  * Methods to be embedded in ND_CMD_CALL request. These are sent to the kernel
  * via 'nd_cmd_pkg.nd_command' member of the ioctl struct
  */
 enum papr_pdsm {
 	PAPR_PDSM_MIN = 0x0,
+	PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH,
 	PAPR_PDSM_MAX,
 };
 
 /* Maximal union that can hold all possible payload types */
 union nd_pdsm_payload {
+	struct nd_papr_pdsm_health health;
 	__u8 buf[ND_PDSM_PAYLOAD_MAX_SIZE];
 } __packed;
 
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
index d3bbf9940ba4..9c569078a09f 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
@@ -416,6 +416,52 @@ static int is_cmd_valid(struct nvdimm *nvdimm, unsigned int cmd, void *buf,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/* Fetch the DIMM health info and populate it in provided package. */
+static int papr_pdsm_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
+			    union nd_pdsm_payload *payload)
+{
+	int rc;
+
+	/* Ensure dimm health mutex is taken preventing concurrent access */
+	rc = mutex_lock_interruptible(&p->health_mutex);
+	if (rc)
+		goto out;
+
+	/* Always fetch upto date dimm health data ignoring cached values */
+	rc = __drc_pmem_query_health(p);
+	if (rc) {
+		mutex_unlock(&p->health_mutex);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	/* update health struct with various flags derived from health bitmap */
+	payload->health = (struct nd_papr_pdsm_health) {
+		.extension_flags = 0,
+		.dimm_unarmed = !!(p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED_MASK),
+		.dimm_bad_shutdown = !!(p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_BAD_SHUTDOWN_MASK),
+		.dimm_bad_restore = !!(p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_BAD_RESTORE_MASK),
+		.dimm_scrubbed = !!(p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_SCRUBBED_AND_LOCKED),
+		.dimm_locked = !!(p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_SCRUBBED_AND_LOCKED),
+		.dimm_encrypted = !!(p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_ENCRYPTED),
+		.dimm_health = PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_HEALTHY,
+	};
+
+	/* Update field dimm_health based on health_bitmap flags */
+	if (p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_FATAL)
+		payload->health.dimm_health = PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_FATAL;
+	else if (p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_CRITICAL)
+		payload->health.dimm_health = PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_CRITICAL;
+	else if (p->health_bitmap & PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY)
+		payload->health.dimm_health = PAPR_PDSM_DIMM_UNHEALTHY;
+
+	/* struct populated hence can release the mutex now */
+	mutex_unlock(&p->health_mutex);
+	rc = sizeof(struct nd_papr_pdsm_health);
+
+out:
+	return rc;
+}
+
 /*
  * 'struct pdsm_cmd_desc'
  * Identifies supported PDSMs' expected length of in/out payloads
@@ -444,6 +490,11 @@ static const struct pdsm_cmd_desc __pdsm_cmd_descriptors[] = {
 	},
 	/* New PDSM command descriptors to be added below */
 
+	[PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH] = {
+		.size_in = 0,
+		.size_out = sizeof(struct nd_papr_pdsm_health),
+		.service = papr_pdsm_health,
+	},
 	/* Empty */
 	[PAPR_PDSM_MAX] = {
 		.size_in = 0,
-- 
2.26.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v13 2/6] seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 2/6] seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-06-15 12:55   ` Borislav Petkov
  2020-06-15 19:40     ` Dan Williams
  2020-06-15 21:24     ` Steven Rostedt
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Borislav Petkov @ 2020-06-15 12:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Vaibhav Jain
  Cc: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel, Dan Williams,
	Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman, Oliver O'Halloran,
	Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt, Ira Weiny, Piotr Maziarz,
	Cezary Rojewski, Christoph Hellwig

On Mon, Jun 15, 2020 at 06:14:03PM +0530, Vaibhav Jain wrote:
> 'seq_buf' provides a very useful abstraction for writing to a string
> buffer without needing to worry about it over-flowing. However even
> though the API has been stable for couple of years now its still not
> exported to kernel loadable modules limiting its usage.
> 
> Hence this patch proposes update to 'seq_buf.c' to mark
> seq_buf_printf() which is part of the seq_buf API to be exported to
> kernel loadable GPL modules. This symbol will be used in later parts
> of this patch-set to simplify content creation for a sysfs attribute.
> 
> Cc: Piotr Maziarz <piotrx.maziarz@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Cezary Rojewski <cezary.rojewski@intel.com>
> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> Changelog:
> 
> v12..v13:
> * None
> 
> v11..v12:
> * None

Can you please resend your patchset once a week like everyone else and
not flood inboxes with it?

-- 
Regards/Gruss,
    Boris.

https://people.kernel.org/tglx/notes-about-netiquette

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v13 2/6] seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf
  2020-06-15 12:55   ` Borislav Petkov
@ 2020-06-15 19:40     ` Dan Williams
  2020-06-15 21:24     ` Steven Rostedt
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Dan Williams @ 2020-06-15 19:40 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Borislav Petkov
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt,
	Ira Weiny, Piotr Maziarz, Cezary Rojewski, Christoph Hellwig

On Mon, Jun 15, 2020 at 5:56 AM Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> wrote:
>
> On Mon, Jun 15, 2020 at 06:14:03PM +0530, Vaibhav Jain wrote:
> > 'seq_buf' provides a very useful abstraction for writing to a string
> > buffer without needing to worry about it over-flowing. However even
> > though the API has been stable for couple of years now its still not
> > exported to kernel loadable modules limiting its usage.
> >
> > Hence this patch proposes update to 'seq_buf.c' to mark
> > seq_buf_printf() which is part of the seq_buf API to be exported to
> > kernel loadable GPL modules. This symbol will be used in later parts
> > of this patch-set to simplify content creation for a sysfs attribute.
> >
> > Cc: Piotr Maziarz <piotrx.maziarz@linux.intel.com>
> > Cc: Cezary Rojewski <cezary.rojewski@intel.com>
> > Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
> > Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> > Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
> > Acked-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> > Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
> > ---
> > Changelog:
> >
> > v12..v13:
> > * None
> >
> > v11..v12:
> > * None
>
> Can you please resend your patchset once a week like everyone else and
> not flood inboxes with it?

Hi Boris,

I gave Vaibhav some long shot hope that his series could be included
in my libnvdimm pull request for -rc1. Save for a last minute clang
report that I misread as a gcc warning, I likely would have included.
This spin is looking to address the last of the comments I had and
something I would consider for -rc2. So, in this case the resends were
requested by me and I'll take the grumbles on Vaibhav's behalf.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v13 2/6] seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf
  2020-06-15 12:55   ` Borislav Petkov
  2020-06-15 19:40     ` Dan Williams
@ 2020-06-15 21:24     ` Steven Rostedt
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Steven Rostedt @ 2020-06-15 21:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Borislav Petkov
  Cc: Vaibhav Jain, linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel,
	Dan Williams, Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman,
	Oliver O'Halloran, Santosh Sivaraj, Ira Weiny, Piotr Maziarz,
	Cezary Rojewski, Christoph Hellwig

On Mon, 15 Jun 2020 14:55:52 +0200
Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> wrote:

> Can you please resend your patchset once a week like everyone else and
> not flood inboxes with it?

Boris,

Haven't you automated your inbox yet? I have patchwork reading my INBOX
and it's smart enough to understand new series, and the old one simply
disappears as "superseded".

Email is just the wires to our infrastructure. Get with the times man! ;-)

-- Steve

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v13 3/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm health information from PHYP
  2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 3/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm health information from PHYP Vaibhav Jain
@ 2020-06-16  2:23   ` Ira Weiny
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: Ira Weiny @ 2020-06-16  2:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Vaibhav Jain
  Cc: linuxppc-dev, linux-nvdimm, linux-kernel, Dan Williams,
	Aneesh Kumar K . V, Michael Ellerman, Oliver O'Halloran,
	Santosh Sivaraj, Steven Rostedt

On Mon, Jun 15, 2020 at 06:14:04PM +0530, Vaibhav Jain wrote:
> Implement support for fetching nvdimm health information via
> H_SCM_HEALTH hcall as documented in Ref[1]. The hcall returns a pair
> of 64-bit bitmap, bitwise-and of which is then stored in
> 'struct papr_scm_priv' and subsequently partially exposed to
> user-space via newly introduced dimm specific attribute
> 'papr/flags'. Since the hcall is costly, the health information is
> cached and only re-queried, 60s after the previous successful hcall.
> 
> The patch also adds a  documentation text describing flags reported by
> the the new sysfs attribute 'papr/flags' is also introduced at
> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem.
> 
> [1] commit 58b278f568f0 ("powerpc: Provide initial documentation for
> PAPR hcalls")
> 
> Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K . V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
> Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

> Signed-off-by: Vaibhav Jain <vaibhav@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> Changelog:
> 
> v12..v13:
> * None
> 
> v11..v12:
> * None
> 
> v10..v11:
> * None
> 
> v9..v10:
> * Removed an avoidable 'goto' in __drc_pmem_query_health. [ Ira ].
> 
> Resend:
> * Added ack from Aneesh.
> 
> v8..v9:
> * Rename some variables and defines to reduce usage of term SCM
>   replacing it with PMEM [Dan Williams, Aneesh]
> * s/PAPR_SCM_DIMM/PAPR_PMEM/g
> * s/papr_scm_nd_attributes/papr_nd_attributes/g
> * s/papr_scm_nd_attribute_group/papr_nd_attribute_group/g
> * s/papr_scm_dimm_attr_groups/papr_nd_attribute_groups/g
> * Renamed file sysfs-bus-papr-scm to sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
> 
> v7..v8:
> * Update type of variable 'rc' in __drc_pmem_query_health() and
>   drc_pmem_query_health() to long and int respectively. [ Ira ]
> * Updated the patch description to s/64 bit Big Endian Number/64-bit
>   bitmap/ [ Ira, Aneesh ].
> 
> Resend:
> * None
> 
> v6..v7 :
> * Used the exported buf_seq_printf() function to generate content for
>   'papr/flags'
> * Moved the PAPR_SCM_DIMM_* bit-flags macro definitions to papr_scm.c
>   and removed the papr_scm.h file [Mpe]
> * Some minor consistency issued in sysfs-bus-papr-scm
>   documentation. [Mpe]
> * s/dimm_mutex/health_mutex/g [Mpe]
> * Split drc_pmem_query_health() into two function one of which takes
>   care of caching and locking. [Mpe]
> * Fixed a local copy creation of dimm health information using
>   READ_ONCE(). [Mpe]
> 
> v5..v6 :
> * Change the flags sysfs attribute from 'papr_flags' to 'papr/flags'
>   [Dan Williams]
> * Include documentation for 'papr/flags' attr [Dan Williams]
> * Change flag 'save_fail' to 'flush_fail' [Dan Williams]
> * Caching of health bitmap to reduce expensive hcalls [Dan Williams]
> * Removed usage of PPC_BIT from 'papr-scm.h' header [Mpe]
> * Replaced two __be64 integers from papr_scm_priv to a single u64
>   integer [Mpe]
> * Updated patch description to reflect the changes made in this
>   version.
> * Removed avoidable usage of 'papr_scm_priv.dimm_mutex' from
>   flags_show() [Dan Williams]
> 
> v4..v5 :
> * None
> 
> v3..v4 :
> * None
> 
> v2..v3 :
> * Removed PAPR_SCM_DIMM_HEALTH_NON_CRITICAL as a condition for
>        	 NVDIMM unarmed [Aneesh]
> 
> v1..v2 :
> * New patch in the series.
> ---
>  Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem |  27 +++
>  arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c     | 168 +++++++++++++++++-
>  2 files changed, 193 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..5b10d036a8d4
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-papr-pmem
> @@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
> +What:		/sys/bus/nd/devices/nmemX/papr/flags
> +Date:		Apr, 2020
> +KernelVersion:	v5.8
> +Contact:	linuxppc-dev <linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org>, linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org,
> +Description:
> +		(RO) Report flags indicating various states of a
> +		papr-pmem NVDIMM device. Each flag maps to a one or
> +		more bits set in the dimm-health-bitmap retrieved in
> +		response to H_SCM_HEALTH hcall. The details of the bit
> +		flags returned in response to this hcall is available
> +		at 'Documentation/powerpc/papr_hcalls.rst' . Below are
> +		the flags reported in this sysfs file:
> +
> +		* "not_armed"	: Indicates that NVDIMM contents will not
> +				  survive a power cycle.
> +		* "flush_fail"	: Indicates that NVDIMM contents
> +				  couldn't be flushed during last
> +				  shut-down event.
> +		* "restore_fail": Indicates that NVDIMM contents
> +				  couldn't be restored during NVDIMM
> +				  initialization.
> +		* "encrypted"	: NVDIMM contents are encrypted.
> +		* "smart_notify": There is health event for the NVDIMM.
> +		* "scrubbed"	: Indicating that contents of the
> +				  NVDIMM have been scrubbed.
> +		* "locked"	: Indicating that NVDIMM contents cant
> +				  be modified until next power cycle.
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
> index f35592423380..0c091622b15e 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/papr_scm.c
> @@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
>  #include <linux/libnvdimm.h>
>  #include <linux/platform_device.h>
>  #include <linux/delay.h>
> +#include <linux/seq_buf.h>
>  
>  #include <asm/plpar_wrappers.h>
>  
> @@ -22,6 +23,44 @@
>  	 (1ul << ND_CMD_GET_CONFIG_DATA) | \
>  	 (1ul << ND_CMD_SET_CONFIG_DATA))
>  
> +/* DIMM health bitmap bitmap indicators */
> +/* SCM device is unable to persist memory contents */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED                   (1ULL << (63 - 0))
> +/* SCM device failed to persist memory contents */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_DIRTY            (1ULL << (63 - 1))
> +/* SCM device contents are persisted from previous IPL */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_CLEAN            (1ULL << (63 - 2))
> +/* SCM device contents are not persisted from previous IPL */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_EMPTY                     (1ULL << (63 - 3))
> +/* SCM device memory life remaining is critically low */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_CRITICAL           (1ULL << (63 - 4))
> +/* SCM device will be garded off next IPL due to failure */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_FATAL              (1ULL << (63 - 5))
> +/* SCM contents cannot persist due to current platform health status */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY          (1ULL << (63 - 6))
> +/* SCM device is unable to persist memory contents in certain conditions */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_NON_CRITICAL       (1ULL << (63 - 7))
> +/* SCM device is encrypted */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_ENCRYPTED                 (1ULL << (63 - 8))
> +/* SCM device has been scrubbed and locked */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_SCRUBBED_AND_LOCKED       (1ULL << (63 - 9))
> +
> +/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unarmed dimm */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED |		\
> +				PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY)
> +
> +/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unflushed dimm */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_BAD_SHUTDOWN_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_SHUTDOWN_DIRTY)
> +
> +/* Bits status indicators for health bitmap indicating unrestored dimm */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_BAD_RESTORE_MASK  (PAPR_PMEM_EMPTY)
> +
> +/* Bit status indicators for smart event notification */
> +#define PAPR_PMEM_SMART_EVENT_MASK (PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_CRITICAL | \
> +				    PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_FATAL |	\
> +				    PAPR_PMEM_HEALTH_UNHEALTHY)
> +
> +/* private struct associated with each region */
>  struct papr_scm_priv {
>  	struct platform_device *pdev;
>  	struct device_node *dn;
> @@ -39,6 +78,15 @@ struct papr_scm_priv {
>  	struct resource res;
>  	struct nd_region *region;
>  	struct nd_interleave_set nd_set;
> +
> +	/* Protect dimm health data from concurrent read/writes */
> +	struct mutex health_mutex;
> +
> +	/* Last time the health information of the dimm was updated */
> +	unsigned long lasthealth_jiffies;
> +
> +	/* Health information for the dimm */
> +	u64 health_bitmap;
>  };
>  
>  static int drc_pmem_bind(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
> @@ -144,6 +192,61 @@ static int drc_pmem_query_n_bind(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
>  	return drc_pmem_bind(p);
>  }
>  
> +/*
> + * Issue hcall to retrieve dimm health info and populate papr_scm_priv with the
> + * health information.
> + */
> +static int __drc_pmem_query_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
> +{
> +	unsigned long ret[PLPAR_HCALL_BUFSIZE];
> +	long rc;
> +
> +	/* issue the hcall */
> +	rc = plpar_hcall(H_SCM_HEALTH, ret, p->drc_index);
> +	if (rc != H_SUCCESS) {
> +		dev_err(&p->pdev->dev,
> +			"Failed to query health information, Err:%ld\n", rc);
> +		return -ENXIO;
> +	}
> +
> +	p->lasthealth_jiffies = jiffies;
> +	p->health_bitmap = ret[0] & ret[1];
> +
> +	dev_dbg(&p->pdev->dev,
> +		"Queried dimm health info. Bitmap:0x%016lx Mask:0x%016lx\n",
> +		ret[0], ret[1]);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/* Min interval in seconds for assuming stable dimm health */
> +#define MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL 60
> +
> +/* Query cached health info and if needed call drc_pmem_query_health */
> +static int drc_pmem_query_health(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
> +{
> +	unsigned long cache_timeout;
> +	int rc;
> +
> +	/* Protect concurrent modifications to papr_scm_priv */
> +	rc = mutex_lock_interruptible(&p->health_mutex);
> +	if (rc)
> +		return rc;
> +
> +	/* Jiffies offset for which the health data is assumed to be same */
> +	cache_timeout = p->lasthealth_jiffies +
> +		msecs_to_jiffies(MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL * 1000);
> +
> +	/* Fetch new health info is its older than MIN_HEALTH_QUERY_INTERVAL */
> +	if (time_after(jiffies, cache_timeout))
> +		rc = __drc_pmem_query_health(p);
> +	else
> +		/* Assume cached health data is valid */
> +		rc = 0;
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&p->health_mutex);
> +	return rc;
> +}
>  
>  static int papr_scm_meta_get(struct papr_scm_priv *p,
>  			     struct nd_cmd_get_config_data_hdr *hdr)
> @@ -286,6 +389,64 @@ static int papr_scm_ndctl(struct nvdimm_bus_descriptor *nd_desc,
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> +static ssize_t flags_show(struct device *dev,
> +			  struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> +{
> +	struct nvdimm *dimm = to_nvdimm(dev);
> +	struct papr_scm_priv *p = nvdimm_provider_data(dimm);
> +	struct seq_buf s;
> +	u64 health;
> +	int rc;
> +
> +	rc = drc_pmem_query_health(p);
> +	if (rc)
> +		return rc;
> +
> +	/* Copy health_bitmap locally, check masks & update out buffer */
> +	health = READ_ONCE(p->health_bitmap);
> +
> +	seq_buf_init(&s, buf, PAGE_SIZE);
> +	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_UNARMED_MASK)
> +		seq_buf_printf(&s, "not_armed ");
> +
> +	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_BAD_SHUTDOWN_MASK)
> +		seq_buf_printf(&s, "flush_fail ");
> +
> +	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_BAD_RESTORE_MASK)
> +		seq_buf_printf(&s, "restore_fail ");
> +
> +	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_ENCRYPTED)
> +		seq_buf_printf(&s, "encrypted ");
> +
> +	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_SMART_EVENT_MASK)
> +		seq_buf_printf(&s, "smart_notify ");
> +
> +	if (health & PAPR_PMEM_SCRUBBED_AND_LOCKED)
> +		seq_buf_printf(&s, "scrubbed locked ");
> +
> +	if (seq_buf_used(&s))
> +		seq_buf_printf(&s, "\n");
> +
> +	return seq_buf_used(&s);
> +}
> +DEVICE_ATTR_RO(flags);
> +
> +/* papr_scm specific dimm attributes */
> +static struct attribute *papr_nd_attributes[] = {
> +	&dev_attr_flags.attr,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static struct attribute_group papr_nd_attribute_group = {
> +	.name = "papr",
> +	.attrs = papr_nd_attributes,
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group *papr_nd_attr_groups[] = {
> +	&papr_nd_attribute_group,
> +	NULL,
> +};
> +
>  static int papr_scm_nvdimm_init(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
>  {
>  	struct device *dev = &p->pdev->dev;
> @@ -312,8 +473,8 @@ static int papr_scm_nvdimm_init(struct papr_scm_priv *p)
>  	dimm_flags = 0;
>  	set_bit(NDD_LABELING, &dimm_flags);
>  
> -	p->nvdimm = nvdimm_create(p->bus, p, NULL, dimm_flags,
> -				  PAPR_SCM_DIMM_CMD_MASK, 0, NULL);
> +	p->nvdimm = nvdimm_create(p->bus, p, papr_nd_attr_groups,
> +				  dimm_flags, PAPR_SCM_DIMM_CMD_MASK, 0, NULL);
>  	if (!p->nvdimm) {
>  		dev_err(dev, "Error creating DIMM object for %pOF\n", p->dn);
>  		goto err;
> @@ -399,6 +560,9 @@ static int papr_scm_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
>  	if (!p)
>  		return -ENOMEM;
>  
> +	/* Initialize the dimm mutex */
> +	mutex_init(&p->health_mutex);
> +
>  	/* optional DT properties */
>  	of_property_read_u32(dn, "ibm,metadata-size", &metadata_size);
>  
> -- 
> 2.26.2
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2020-06-16  2:23 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 11+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-06-15 12:44 [PATCH v13 0/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Add support for reporting nvdimm health Vaibhav Jain
2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 1/6] powerpc: Document details on H_SCM_HEALTH hcall Vaibhav Jain
2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 2/6] seq_buf: Export seq_buf_printf Vaibhav Jain
2020-06-15 12:55   ` Borislav Petkov
2020-06-15 19:40     ` Dan Williams
2020-06-15 21:24     ` Steven Rostedt
2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 3/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Fetch nvdimm health information from PHYP Vaibhav Jain
2020-06-16  2:23   ` Ira Weiny
2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 4/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Improve error logging and handling papr_scm_ndctl() Vaibhav Jain
2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 5/6] ndctl/papr_scm,uapi: Add support for PAPR nvdimm specific methods Vaibhav Jain
2020-06-15 12:44 ` [PATCH v13 6/6] powerpc/papr_scm: Implement support for PAPR_PDSM_HEALTH Vaibhav Jain

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