LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
To: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>,
	Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>,
	Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>,
	Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>,
	Peter Collingbourne <pcc@google.com>,
	James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>,
	Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>,
	Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>,
	clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com>,
	Linux ARM <linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org>,
	Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 2/2] arm64/build: Warn on orphan section placement
Date: Tue, 23 Jun 2020 17:05:48 -0700
Message-ID: <202006231704.EBCD26CE7@keescook> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAMj1kXGnm=uujNfNGJzQxd7BSF0qT2n6jPX1OqwnGov1nKC_cg@mail.gmail.com>

On Tue, Jun 23, 2020 at 11:21:16PM +0200, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> On Tue, 23 Jun 2020 at 23:06, Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, Jun 23, 2020 at 04:59:39PM +0200, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> > > On Tue, 23 Jun 2020 at 16:52, Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Mon, Jun 22, 2020 at 01:58:15PM -0700, Kees Cook wrote:
> > > > > We don't want to depend on the linker's orphan section placement
> > > > > heuristics as these can vary between linkers, and may change between
> > > > > versions. All sections need to be explicitly named in the linker
> > > > > script.
> > > > >
> > > > > Explicitly include debug sections when they're present. Add .eh_frame*
> > > > > to discard as it seems that these are still generated even though
> > > > > -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables is being specified. Add .plt and
> > > > > .data.rel.ro to discards as they are not actually used. Add .got.plt
> > > > > to the image as it does appear to be mapped near .data. Finally enable
> > > > > orphan section warnings.
> > > >
> > > > Can you elaborate a bit on what .got.plt is being used for, please? I
> > > > wonder if there's an interaction with an erratum workaround in the linker
> > > > or something.
> > > >
> > >
> > > .got.plt is not used at all, but it has three magic entries at the
> > > start that the dynamic linker uses for lazy dispatch, so it turns up
> > > as a non-empty section of 0x18 bytes.
> >
> > Is there a way to suppress the generation? I haven't found a way, so I'd
> > left it as-is.
> >
> 
> Not really. What we could do is assert that it is empty, and emit it
> as info, so the 24 bytes are not emitted into the image.
> 
> 
> This change
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> index 6827da7f3aa5..9e13b371559f 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> @@ -244,6 +244,9 @@ SECTIONS
>         __pecoff_data_size = ABSOLUTE(. - __initdata_begin);
>         _end = .;
> 
> +       .got.plt (INFO) : { *(.got.plt) }
> +        ASSERT(SIZEOF(.got.plt) == 0 || SIZEOF(.got.plt) == 0x18,
> ".got.plt not empty")
> +

Oh yes, I like that. I will do so.

>         STABS_DEBUG
> 
>         HEAD_SYMBOLS
> 
> results in
> 
>   [28] .bss              NOBITS           ffff800010d71000  00d70200
>        0000000000084120  0000000000000000  WA       0     0     4096
>   [29] .got.plt          PROGBITS         ffff800010e00000  00d70200
>        0000000000000018  0000000000000008   W       0     0     8
>   [30] .comment          PROGBITS         0000000000000000  00d70218
>        000000000000001c  0000000000000001  MS       0     0     1
> 
> in the ELF output, so it will be emitted from the image, unless it
> actually have any entries, in which case we fail the build.
> 
> 
> 
> > > We should be able to discard it afaict, but given that it does not
> > > actually take up any space, it doesn't really matter either way.
> >
> > I will add it to the discards then.
> >
> 
> That would prevent us from doing the assert on its size, so i think
> the above is more suitable in this case
> 
> > > > > diff --git a/arch/arm64/Makefile b/arch/arm64/Makefile
> > > > > index a0d94d063fa8..3e628983445a 100644
> > > > > --- a/arch/arm64/Makefile
> > > > > +++ b/arch/arm64/Makefile
> > > > > @@ -29,6 +29,10 @@ LDFLAGS_vmlinux    += --fix-cortex-a53-843419
> > > > >    endif
> > > > >  endif
> > > > >
> > > > > +# We never want expected sections to be placed heuristically by the
> > > > > +# linker. All sections should be explicitly named in the linker script.
> > > > > +LDFLAGS_vmlinux += --orphan-handling=warn
> > > > > +
> > > > >  ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARM64_USE_LSE_ATOMICS), y)
> > > > >    ifneq ($(CONFIG_ARM64_LSE_ATOMICS), y)
> > > > >  $(warning LSE atomics not supported by binutils)
> > > > > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> > > > > index 5427f502c3a6..c9ecb3b2007d 100644
> > > > > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> > > > > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
> > > > > @@ -94,7 +94,8 @@ SECTIONS
> > > > >       /DISCARD/ : {
> > > > >               *(.interp .dynamic)
> > > > >               *(.dynsym .dynstr .hash .gnu.hash)
> > > > > -             *(.eh_frame)
> > > > > +             *(.plt) *(.data.rel.ro)
> > > > > +             *(.eh_frame) *(.init.eh_frame)
> > > >
> > > > Do we need to include .eh_frame_hdr here too?
> > >
> > > It would be better to build with -fno-unwind-tables, in which case
> > > these sections should not even exist.
> >
> > Nothing seems to help with the .eh_frame issue
> > (even with -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables and -fno-unwind-tables):
> >
> > $ aarch64-linux-gnu-gcc -Wp,-MMD,arch/arm64/kernel/.smccc-call.o.d \
> >   -nostdinc -isystem /usr/lib/gcc-cross/aarch64-linux-gnu/9/include \
> >   -I./arch/arm64/include -I./arch/arm64/include/generated  -I./include \
> >   -I./arch/arm64/include/uapi -I./arch/arm64/include/generated/uapi \
> >   -I./include/uapi -I./include/generated/uapi -include \
> >   ./include/linux/kconfig.h -D__KERNEL__ -mlittle-endian \
> >   -DCC_USING_PATCHABLE_FUNCTION_ENTRY -DKASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT=3 \
> >   -D__ASSEMBLY__ -fno-PIE -mabi=lp64 -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables \
> >   -fno-unwind-tables -DKASAN_SHADOW_SCALE_SHIFT=3 -Wa,-gdwarf-2 -c -o \
> >   arch/arm64/kernel/smccc-call.o arch/arm64/kernel/smccc-call.S
> >
> > $ readelf -S arch/arm64/kernel/smccc-call.o | grep eh_frame
> >   [17] .eh_frame         PROGBITS         0000000000000000  000001f0
> >   [18] .rela.eh_frame    RELA             0000000000000000  00000618
> >
> 
> That is because that file has CFI annotations which it doesn't need
> (since we don't unwind data).

Oh no, another TLA collision. ;) "Call Frame Information". Nice find. I
will fix this as you've suggested too.

> The below should fix that - I guess this may have been inherited from
> 32-bit ARM, where we do use unwind data in the kernel?
> 
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smccc-call.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/smccc-call.S
> index 1f93809528a4..d62447964ed9 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smccc-call.S
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smccc-call.S
> @@ -9,7 +9,6 @@
>  #include <asm/assembler.h>
> 
>         .macro SMCCC instr
> -       .cfi_startproc
>         \instr  #0
>         ldr     x4, [sp]
>         stp     x0, x1, [x4, #ARM_SMCCC_RES_X0_OFFS]
> @@ -21,7 +20,6 @@
>         b.ne    1f
>         str     x6, [x4, ARM_SMCCC_QUIRK_STATE_OFFS]
>  1:     ret
> -       .cfi_endproc
>         .endm

-- 
Kees Cook

      reply index

Thread overview: 9+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-06-22 20:58 [PATCH v2 0/2] arm64: " Kees Cook
2020-06-22 20:58 ` [PATCH v2 1/2] arm64/build: Use common DISCARDS in linker script Kees Cook
2020-06-22 20:58 ` [PATCH v2 2/2] arm64/build: Warn on orphan section placement Kees Cook
2020-06-23 14:52   ` Will Deacon
2020-06-23 14:59     ` Ard Biesheuvel
2020-06-23 19:18       ` Nick Desaulniers
2020-06-23 21:06       ` Kees Cook
2020-06-23 21:21         ` Ard Biesheuvel
2020-06-24  0:05           ` Kees Cook [this message]

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=202006231704.EBCD26CE7@keescook \
    --to=keescook@chromium.org \
    --cc=ardb@kernel.org \
    --cc=arnd@arndb.de \
    --cc=catalin.marinas@arm.com \
    --cc=clang-built-linux@googlegroups.com \
    --cc=james.morse@arm.com \
    --cc=linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org \
    --cc=linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=mark.rutland@arm.com \
    --cc=natechancellor@gmail.com \
    --cc=ndesaulniers@google.com \
    --cc=pcc@google.com \
    --cc=will@kernel.org \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

LKML Archive on lore.kernel.org

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/0 lkml/git/0.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/1 lkml/git/1.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/2 lkml/git/2.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/3 lkml/git/3.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4 lkml/git/4.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/5 lkml/git/5.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/6 lkml/git/6.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/7 lkml/git/7.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/8 lkml/git/8.git
	git clone --mirror https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/9 lkml/git/9.git

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V2 lkml lkml/ https://lore.kernel.org/lkml \
		linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
	public-inbox-index lkml

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://nntp.lore.kernel.org/org.kernel.vger.linux-kernel


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git