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From: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>
To: keescook@chromium.org, tglx@linutronix.de, mingo@redhat.com,
	bp@alien8.de
Cc: arjan@linux.intel.com, x86@kernel.org,
	linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	kernel-hardening@lists.openwall.com, rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com,
	Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>,
	Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH v4 09/10] kallsyms: Hide layout
Date: Fri, 17 Jul 2020 10:00:06 -0700
Message-ID: <20200717170008.5949-10-kristen@linux.intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200717170008.5949-1-kristen@linux.intel.com>

This patch makes /proc/kallsyms display in a random order, rather
than sorted by address in order to hide the newly randomized address
layout.

Signed-off-by: Kristen Carlson Accardi <kristen@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Tested-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
---
 kernel/kallsyms.c | 163 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 162 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/kallsyms.c b/kernel/kallsyms.c
index bb14e64f62a4..45d147f7f10e 100644
--- a/kernel/kallsyms.c
+++ b/kernel/kallsyms.c
@@ -446,6 +446,12 @@ struct kallsym_iter {
 	int show_value;
 };
 
+struct kallsyms_shuffled_iter {
+	struct kallsym_iter iter;
+	loff_t total_syms;
+	loff_t shuffled_index[];
+};
+
 int __weak arch_get_kallsym(unsigned int symnum, unsigned long *value,
 			    char *type, char *name)
 {
@@ -661,7 +667,7 @@ bool kallsyms_show_value(const struct cred *cred)
 	}
 }
 
-static int kallsyms_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+static int __kallsyms_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 {
 	/*
 	 * We keep iterator in m->private, since normal case is to
@@ -682,6 +688,161 @@ static int kallsyms_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
 	return 0;
 }
 
+/*
+ * When function granular kaslr is enabled, we need to print out the symbols
+ * at random so we don't reveal the new layout.
+ */
+#if defined(CONFIG_FG_KASLR)
+static int update_random_pos(struct kallsyms_shuffled_iter *s_iter,
+			     loff_t pos, loff_t *new_pos)
+{
+	loff_t new;
+
+	if (pos >= s_iter->total_syms)
+		return 0;
+
+	new = s_iter->shuffled_index[pos];
+
+	/*
+	 * normally this would be done as part of update_iter, however,
+	 * we want to avoid triggering this in the event that new is
+	 * zero since we don't want to blow away our pos end indicators.
+	 */
+	if (new == 0) {
+		s_iter->iter.name[0] = '\0';
+		s_iter->iter.nameoff = get_symbol_offset(new);
+		s_iter->iter.pos = new;
+	}
+
+	*new_pos = new;
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static void *shuffled_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	struct kallsyms_shuffled_iter *s_iter = m->private;
+	loff_t new_pos;
+
+	if (!update_random_pos(s_iter, *pos, &new_pos))
+		return NULL;
+
+	return s_start(m, &new_pos);
+}
+
+static void *shuffled_next(struct seq_file *m, void *p, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	struct kallsyms_shuffled_iter *s_iter = m->private;
+	loff_t new_pos;
+
+	(*pos)++;
+
+	if (!update_random_pos(s_iter, *pos, &new_pos))
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (!update_iter(m->private, new_pos))
+		return NULL;
+
+	return p;
+}
+
+/*
+ * shuffle_index_list()
+ * Use a Fisher Yates algorithm to shuffle a list of text sections.
+ */
+static void shuffle_index_list(loff_t *indexes, loff_t size)
+{
+	int i;
+	unsigned int j;
+	loff_t temp;
+
+	for (i = size - 1; i > 0; i--) {
+		/* pick a random index from 0 to i */
+		get_random_bytes(&j, sizeof(j));
+		j = j % (i + 1);
+
+		temp = indexes[i];
+		indexes[i] = indexes[j];
+		indexes[j] = temp;
+	}
+}
+
+static const struct seq_operations kallsyms_shuffled_op = {
+	.start = shuffled_start,
+	.next = shuffled_next,
+	.stop = s_stop,
+	.show = s_show
+};
+
+static int kallsyms_random_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+	loff_t pos;
+	struct kallsyms_shuffled_iter *shuffled_iter;
+	struct kallsym_iter iter;
+	bool show_value;
+
+	/*
+	 * If privileged, go ahead and use the normal algorithm for
+	 * displaying symbols
+	 */
+	show_value = kallsyms_show_value(file->f_cred);
+	if (show_value)
+		return __kallsyms_open(inode, file);
+
+	/*
+	 * we need to figure out how many extra symbols there are
+	 * to print out past kallsyms_num_syms
+	 */
+	pos = kallsyms_num_syms;
+	reset_iter(&iter, 0);
+	do {
+		if (!update_iter(&iter, pos))
+			break;
+		pos++;
+	} while (1);
+
+	/*
+	 * add storage space for an array of loff_t equal to the size
+	 * of the total number of symbols we need to print
+	 */
+	shuffled_iter = __seq_open_private(file, &kallsyms_shuffled_op,
+					   sizeof(*shuffled_iter) +
+					   (sizeof(pos) * pos));
+	if (!shuffled_iter)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	reset_iter(&shuffled_iter->iter, 0);
+	shuffled_iter->iter.show_value = show_value;
+	shuffled_iter->total_syms = pos;
+
+	/*
+	 * the existing update_iter algorithm requires that we
+	 * are either moving along increasing pos sequentially,
+	 * or that these values are correct. Since these values
+	 * were discovered above, initialize our new iter so we
+	 * can use update_iter non-sequentially.
+	 */
+	shuffled_iter->iter.pos_arch_end = iter.pos_arch_end;
+	shuffled_iter->iter.pos_mod_end = iter.pos_mod_end;
+	shuffled_iter->iter.pos_ftrace_mod_end = iter.pos_ftrace_mod_end;
+
+	/*
+	 * initialize the array with all possible pos values, then
+	 * shuffle the array so that the values will display in a random
+	 * order.
+	 */
+	for (pos = 0; pos < shuffled_iter->total_syms; pos++)
+		shuffled_iter->shuffled_index[pos] = pos;
+
+	shuffle_index_list(shuffled_iter->shuffled_index, shuffled_iter->total_syms);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+#define kallsyms_open kallsyms_random_open
+#else
+#define kallsyms_open __kallsyms_open
+#endif /* CONFIG_FG_KASLR */
+
 #ifdef	CONFIG_KGDB_KDB
 const char *kdb_walk_kallsyms(loff_t *pos)
 {
-- 
2.20.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 46+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-07-17 16:59 [PATCH v4 00/10] Function Granular KASLR Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 01/10] objtool: Do not assume order of parent/child functions Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 16:59 ` [PATCH v4 02/10] x86: tools/relocs: Support >64K section headers Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 17:00 ` [PATCH v4 03/10] x86/boot: Allow a "silent" kaslr random byte fetch Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 17:00 ` [PATCH v4 04/10] x86: Makefile: Add build and config option for CONFIG_FG_KASLR Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 17:00 ` [PATCH v4 05/10] x86: Make sure _etext includes function sections Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 17:00 ` [PATCH v4 06/10] x86/tools: Add relative relocs for randomized functions Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 17:00 ` [PATCH v4 07/10] x86/boot/compressed: Avoid duplicate malloc() implementations Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 17:00 ` [PATCH v4 08/10] x86: Add support for function granular KASLR Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 17:00 ` Kristen Carlson Accardi [this message]
2020-07-20  1:25   ` [PATCH v4 09/10] kallsyms: Hide layout Kees Cook
2020-07-20 16:59     ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-17 17:00 ` [PATCH v4 10/10] module: Reorder functions Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-28 17:29   ` Jessica Yu
2020-07-22  9:27 ` [PATCH v4 00/10] Function Granular KASLR Miroslav Benes
2020-07-22 14:39   ` Kees Cook
2020-07-22 14:51     ` Joe Lawrence
2020-07-22 14:56       ` Joe Lawrence
2020-07-22 18:24         ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-22 16:07     ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-07-22 19:42       ` Kees Cook
2020-07-22 19:56         ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-07-22 21:33           ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-08-21 23:02             ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-08-25 16:16               ` Joe Lawrence
2020-08-28 10:21               ` Miroslav Benes
2020-08-28 19:24                 ` Josh Poimboeuf
2021-01-23 22:59                   ` Fangrui Song
2021-01-25 17:21                     ` Josh Poimboeuf
2020-08-03 11:39   ` Evgenii Shatokhin
2020-08-03 17:45     ` Kees Cook
2020-08-03 18:17       ` Joe Lawrence
2020-08-03 19:38         ` Frank Ch. Eigler
2020-08-03 20:11           ` Kees Cook
2020-08-03 21:12             ` Frank Ch. Eigler
2020-08-03 21:41               ` Kees Cook
2020-08-04  0:48                 ` Frank Ch. Eigler
2020-08-04 17:04         ` Jessica Yu
2020-08-04 18:23 ` Joe Lawrence
2020-08-07 16:38   ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-08-07 17:20     ` Kees Cook
2020-08-10 16:10       ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-08-12 17:18   ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-08-06 15:32 ` Ingo Molnar
2020-08-06 19:24   ` Kristen Carlson Accardi
2020-08-06 19:27   ` Kees Cook

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