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From: "Jonathan Neuschäfer" <j.neuschaefer@gmx.net>
To: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: "Lee Jones" <lee.jones@linaro.org>,
	"Rob Herring" <robh+dt@kernel.org>,
	"Jonathan Neuschäfer" <j.neuschaefer@gmx.net>,
	"Thierry Reding" <thierry.reding@gmail.com>,
	"Uwe Kleine-König" <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de>,
	"Alessandro Zummo" <a.zummo@towertech.it>,
	"Alexandre Belloni" <alexandre.belloni@bootlin.com>,
	"Shawn Guo" <shawnguo@kernel.org>,
	"Sascha Hauer" <s.hauer@pengutronix.de>,
	"Pengutronix Kernel Team" <kernel@pengutronix.de>,
	"Fabio Estevam" <festevam@gmail.com>,
	"NXP Linux Team" <linux-imx@nxp.com>,
	"Sam Ravnborg" <sam@ravnborg.org>,
	"Linus Walleij" <linus.walleij@linaro.org>,
	"Heiko Stuebner" <heiko.stuebner@theobroma-systems.com>,
	"Stephan Gerhold" <stephan@gerhold.net>,
	"Lubomir Rintel" <lkundrak@v3.sk>,
	"Mark Brown" <broonie@kernel.org>, allen <allen.chen@ite.com.tw>,
	"Mauro Carvalho Chehab" <mchehab+huawei@kernel.org>,
	"David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>,
	devicetree@vger.kernel.org, linux-pwm@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-rtc@vger.kernel.org, linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org,
	"Heiko Stuebner" <heiko@sntech.de>,
	"Josua Mayer" <josua.mayer@jm0.eu>,
	"Andreas Kemnade" <andreas@kemnade.info>,
	"Arnd Bergmann" <arnd@arndb.de>,
	"Daniel Palmer" <daniel@0x0f.com>,
	"Andy Shevchenko" <andy.shevchenko@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH v3 3/7] mfd: Add base driver for Netronix embedded controller
Date: Thu, 24 Sep 2020 21:24:51 +0200
Message-ID: <20200924192455.2484005-4-j.neuschaefer@gmx.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200924192455.2484005-1-j.neuschaefer@gmx.net>

The Netronix embedded controller is a microcontroller found in some
e-book readers designed by the ODM Netronix, Inc. It contains RTC,
battery monitoring, system power management, and PWM functionality.

This driver implements register access and version detection.

Third-party hardware documentation is available at:

  https://github.com/neuschaefer/linux/wiki/Netronix-MSP430-embedded-controller

The EC supports interrupts, but the driver doesn't make use of them so
far.

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Neuschäfer <j.neuschaefer@gmx.net>
---

v3:
- Add (EC) to CONFIG_MFD_NTXEC prompt
- Relicense as GPLv2 or later
- Add email address to copyright line
- remove empty lines in ntxec_poweroff and ntxec_restart functions
- Split long lines
- Remove 'Install ... handler' comments
- Make naming of struct i2c_client parameter consistent
- Remove struct ntxec_info
- Rework 'depends on' lines in Kconfig, hard-depend on I2C, select REGMAP_I2C and
  MFD_CORE
- Register subdevices via mfd_cells
- Move 8-bit register conversion to ntxec.h

v2:
- https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200905133230.1014581-4-j.neuschaefer@gmx.net/
- Add a description of the device to the patch text
- Unify spelling as 'Netronix embedded controller'.
  'Netronix' is the proper name of the manufacturer, but 'embedded controller'
  is just a label that I have assigned to the device.
- Switch to regmap, avoid regmap use in poweroff and reboot handlers.
  Inspired by cf84dc0bb40f4 ("mfd: rn5t618: Make restart handler atomic safe")
- Use a list of known-working firmware versions instead of checking for a
  known-incompatible version
- Prefix registers with NTXEC_REG_
- Define register values as constants
- Various style cleanups as suggested by Lee Jones
- Don't align = signs in struct initializers [Uwe Kleine-König]
- Don't use dev_dbg for an error message
- Explain sleep in poweroff handler
- Remove (struct ntxec).client
- Switch to .probe_new in i2c driver
- Add .remove callback
- Make CONFIG_MFD_NTXEC a tristate option
---
 drivers/mfd/Kconfig       |  10 ++
 drivers/mfd/Makefile      |   1 +
 drivers/mfd/ntxec.c       | 206 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h |  31 ++++++
 4 files changed, 248 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 drivers/mfd/ntxec.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h

diff --git a/drivers/mfd/Kconfig b/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
index 33df0837ab415..b313103151508 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/mfd/Kconfig
@@ -978,6 +978,16 @@ config MFD_VIPERBOARD
 	  You need to select the mfd cell drivers separately.
 	  The drivers do not support all features the board exposes.

+config MFD_NTXEC
+	tristate "Netronix embedded controller (EC)"
+	depends on OF || COMPILE_TEST
+	depends on I2C
+	select REGMAP_I2C
+	select MFD_CORE
+	help
+	  Say yes here if you want to support the embedded controller found in
+	  certain e-book readers designed by the ODM Netronix.
+
 config MFD_RETU
 	tristate "Nokia Retu and Tahvo multi-function device"
 	select MFD_CORE
diff --git a/drivers/mfd/Makefile b/drivers/mfd/Makefile
index a60e5f835283e..236a8acd917a0 100644
--- a/drivers/mfd/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/mfd/Makefile
@@ -217,6 +217,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_INTEL_MSIC)	+= intel_msic.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_INTEL_PMC_BXT)	+= intel_pmc_bxt.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_PALMAS)	+= palmas.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_VIPERBOARD)    += viperboard.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_NTXEC)		+= ntxec.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_RC5T583)	+= rc5t583.o rc5t583-irq.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_RK808)		+= rk808.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_RN5T618)	+= rn5t618.o
diff --git a/drivers/mfd/ntxec.c b/drivers/mfd/ntxec.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..93611b85a32e0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/mfd/ntxec.c
@@ -0,0 +1,206 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
+/*
+ * The Netronix embedded controller is a microcontroller found in some
+ * e-book readers designed by the ODM Netronix, Inc. It contains RTC,
+ * battery monitoring, system power management, and PWM functionality.
+ *
+ * This driver implements register access, version detection, and system
+ * power-off/reset.
+ *
+ * Copyright 2020 Jonathan Neuschäfer <j.neuschaefer@gmx.net>
+ */
+
+#include <asm/unaligned.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/i2c.h>
+#include <linux/mfd/core.h>
+#include <linux/mfd/ntxec.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/pm.h>
+#include <linux/reboot.h>
+#include <linux/regmap.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#define NTXEC_REG_VERSION	0x00
+#define NTXEC_REG_POWEROFF	0x50
+#define NTXEC_REG_POWERKEEP	0x70
+#define NTXEC_REG_RESET		0x90
+
+#define NTXEC_POWEROFF_VALUE	0x0100
+#define NTXEC_POWERKEEP_VALUE	0x0800
+#define NTXEC_RESET_VALUE	0xff00
+
+static struct i2c_client *poweroff_restart_client;
+
+static void ntxec_poweroff(void)
+{
+	int res;
+	u8 buf[] = {
+		NTXEC_REG_POWEROFF,
+		(NTXEC_POWEROFF_VALUE >> 8) & 0xff,
+		NTXEC_POWEROFF_VALUE & 0xff,
+	};
+	struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
+		{
+			.addr = poweroff_restart_client->addr,
+			.flags = 0,
+			.len = sizeof(buf),
+			.buf = buf
+		}
+	};
+
+	res = i2c_transfer(poweroff_restart_client->adapter, msgs, ARRAY_SIZE(msgs));
+	if (res < 0)
+		dev_alert(&poweroff_restart_client->dev,
+			  "Failed to power off (err = %d)\n", res);
+
+	/*
+	 * The time from the register write until the host CPU is powered off
+	 * has been observed to be about 2.5 to 3 seconds. Sleep long enough to
+	 * safely avoid returning from the poweroff handler.
+	 */
+	msleep(5000);
+}
+
+static int ntxec_restart(struct notifier_block *nb,
+			 unsigned long action, void *data)
+{
+	int res;
+	/*
+	 * NOTE: The lower half of the reset value is not sent, because sending
+	 * it causes an error
+	 */
+	u8 buf[] = {
+		NTXEC_REG_RESET,
+		(NTXEC_RESET_VALUE >> 8) & 0xff,
+	};
+	struct i2c_msg msgs[] = {
+		{
+			.addr = poweroff_restart_client->addr,
+			.flags = 0,
+			.len = sizeof(buf),
+			.buf = buf
+		}
+	};
+
+	res = i2c_transfer(poweroff_restart_client->adapter, msgs, ARRAY_SIZE(msgs));
+	if (res < 0)
+		dev_alert(&poweroff_restart_client->dev,
+			  "Failed to restart (err = %d)\n", res);
+
+	return NOTIFY_DONE;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block ntxec_restart_handler = {
+	.notifier_call = ntxec_restart,
+	.priority = 128
+};
+
+static const struct regmap_config regmap_config = {
+	.name = "ntxec",
+	.reg_bits = 8,
+	.val_bits = 16,
+	.cache_type = REGCACHE_NONE,
+	.val_format_endian = REGMAP_ENDIAN_BIG,
+};
+
+static const struct mfd_cell ntxec_subdevices[] = {
+	{ .name = "ntxec-rtc" },
+	{ .name = "ntxec-pwm" },
+};
+
+static int ntxec_probe(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+	struct ntxec *ec;
+	unsigned int version;
+	int res;
+
+	ec = devm_kmalloc(&client->dev, sizeof(*ec), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!ec)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	ec->dev = &client->dev;
+
+	ec->regmap = devm_regmap_init_i2c(client, &regmap_config);
+	if (IS_ERR(ec->regmap)) {
+		dev_err(ec->dev, "Failed to set up regmap for device\n");
+		return res;
+	}
+
+	/* Determine the firmware version */
+	res = regmap_read(ec->regmap, NTXEC_REG_VERSION, &version);
+	if (res < 0) {
+		dev_err(ec->dev, "Failed to read firmware version number\n");
+		return res;
+	}
+	dev_info(ec->dev,
+		 "Netronix embedded controller version %04x detected.\n",
+		 version);
+
+	/* Bail out if we encounter an unknown firmware version */
+	switch (version) {
+	case 0xd726: /* found in Kobo Aura */
+		break;
+	default:
+		return -ENODEV;
+	}
+
+	if (of_device_is_system_power_controller(ec->dev->of_node)) {
+		/*
+		 * Set the 'powerkeep' bit. This is necessary on some boards
+		 * in order to keep the system running.
+		 */
+		res = regmap_write(ec->regmap, NTXEC_REG_POWERKEEP,
+				   NTXEC_POWERKEEP_VALUE);
+		if (res < 0)
+			return res;
+
+		WARN_ON(poweroff_restart_client);
+		poweroff_restart_client = client;
+		if (pm_power_off)
+			dev_err(ec->dev, "pm_power_off already assigned\n");
+		else
+			pm_power_off = ntxec_poweroff;
+
+		res = register_restart_handler(&ntxec_restart_handler);
+		if (res)
+			dev_err(ec->dev,
+				"Failed to register restart handler: %d\n", res);
+	}
+
+	i2c_set_clientdata(client, ec);
+
+	res = devm_mfd_add_devices(ec->dev, PLATFORM_DEVID_NONE, ntxec_subdevices,
+				   ARRAY_SIZE(ntxec_subdevices), NULL, 0, NULL);
+	if (res)
+		dev_warn(ec->dev, "Failed to add subdevices: %d\n", res);
+
+	return res;
+}
+
+static int ntxec_remove(struct i2c_client *client)
+{
+	if (client == poweroff_restart_client) {
+		poweroff_restart_client = NULL;
+		pm_power_off = NULL;
+		unregister_restart_handler(&ntxec_restart_handler);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct of_device_id of_ntxec_match_table[] = {
+	{ .compatible = "netronix,ntxec", },
+	{}
+};
+
+static struct i2c_driver ntxec_driver = {
+	.driver = {
+		.name = "ntxec",
+		.of_match_table = of_ntxec_match_table,
+	},
+	.probe_new = ntxec_probe,
+	.remove = ntxec_remove,
+};
+module_i2c_driver(ntxec_driver);
diff --git a/include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h b/include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000000..a39c85978f61b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/mfd/ntxec.h
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only */
+/*
+ * Copyright 2020 Jonathan Neuschäfer
+ *
+ * Register access and version information for the Netronix embedded
+ * controller.
+ */
+
+#ifndef NTXEC_H
+#define NTXEC_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct ntxec {
+	struct device *dev;
+	struct regmap *regmap;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Some registers, such as the battery status register (0x41), are in
+ * big-endian, but others only have eight significant bits, which are in the
+ * first byte transmitted over I2C (the MSB of the big-endian value).
+ * This convenience function converts an 8-bit value to 16-bit for use in the
+ * second kind of register.
+ */
+static inline u16 ntxec_reg8(u8 value)
+{
+	return value << 8;
+}
+
+#endif
--
2.28.0


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 31+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-09-24 19:24 [PATCH v3 0/7] Netronix embedded controller driver for Kobo and Tolino ebook readers Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-24 19:24 ` [PATCH v3 1/7] dt-bindings: Add vendor prefix for Netronix, Inc Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-10-12  7:19   ` Uwe Kleine-König
2020-10-12 11:48     ` Lee Jones
2020-09-24 19:24 ` [PATCH v3 2/7] dt-bindings: mfd: Add binding for Netronix embedded controller Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-29 18:52   ` Rob Herring
2020-09-24 19:24 ` Jonathan Neuschäfer [this message]
2020-09-25  9:29   ` [PATCH v3 3/7] mfd: Add base driver " Andy Shevchenko
2020-09-25 21:32     ` Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-29 16:37       ` Andy Shevchenko
2020-10-02 22:54         ` Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-24 19:24 ` [PATCH v3 4/7] pwm: ntxec: Add driver for PWM function in Netronix EC Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-25  6:30   ` Uwe Kleine-König
2020-09-27 21:10     ` Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-28  8:35       ` Uwe Kleine-König
2020-10-02 23:36         ` Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-10-03  8:17           ` Andy Shevchenko
2020-09-24 19:24 ` [PATCH v3 5/7] rtc: New driver for RTC in Netronix embedded controller Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-24 20:40   ` Andreas Kemnade
2020-10-02 23:41     ` Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-25  5:44   ` Uwe Kleine-König
2020-10-04  1:43     ` Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-10-04  8:42       ` Alexandre Belloni
2020-10-11 19:09         ` Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-10-05  7:35       ` Uwe Kleine-König
2020-09-25  9:36   ` Alexandre Belloni
2020-09-25 22:00     ` Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-24 19:24 ` [PATCH v3 6/7] MAINTAINERS: Add entry for " Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-09-25  5:08 ` [PATCH v3 7/7] ARM: dts: imx50-kobo-aura: Add " Jonathan Neuschäfer
2020-10-07  7:46   ` Krzysztof Kozlowski
2020-10-11 19:42     ` Jonathan Neuschäfer

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