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From: ira.weiny@intel.com
To: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>,
	Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>,
	Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>,
	Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>,
	Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>,
	x86@kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>,
	Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>,
	linux-doc@vger.kernel.org, linux-nvdimm@lists.01.org,
	linux-mm@kvack.org, linux-kselftest@vger.kernel.org,
	Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>,
	Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Subject: [PATCH V3 06/10] x86/entry: Preserve PKRS MSR across exceptions
Date: Fri,  6 Nov 2020 15:29:04 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20201106232908.364581-7-ira.weiny@intel.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20201106232908.364581-1-ira.weiny@intel.com>

From: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

The PKRS MSR is not managed by XSAVE.  It is preserved through a context
switch but this support leaves exception handling code open to memory
accesses during exceptions.

2 possible places for preserving this state were considered,
irqentry_state_t or pt_regs.[1]  pt_regs was much more complicated and
was potentially fraught with unintended consequences.[2]
irqentry_state_t was already an object being used in the exception
handling and is straightforward.  It is also easy for any number of
nested states to be tracked and eventually can be enhanced to store the
reference counting required to support PKS through kmap reentry

Preserve the current task's PKRS values in irqentry_state_t on exception
entry and restoring them on exception exit.

Each nested exception is further saved allowing for any number of levels
of exception handling.

Peter and Thomas both suggested parts of the patch, IDT and NMI respectively.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/CALCETrVe1i5JdyzD_BcctxQJn+ZE3T38EFPgjxN1F577M36g+w@mail.gmail.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/874kpxx4jf.fsf@nanos.tec.linutronix.de/#t

Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Suggested-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Suggested-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>

---
Changes from V1
	remove redundant irq_state->pkrs
		This value is only needed for the global tracking.  So
		it should be included in that patch and not in this one.

Changes from RFC V3
	Standardize on 'irq_state' variable name
	Per Dave Hansen
		irq_save_pkrs() -> irq_save_set_pkrs()
	Rebased based on clean up patch by Thomas Gleixner
		This includes moving irq_[save_set|restore]_pkrs() to
		the core as well.
---
 arch/x86/entry/common.c             | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h |  5 ++--
 arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c                 |  2 +-
 include/linux/entry-common.h        | 13 ++++++++++
 kernel/entry/common.c               | 14 +++++++++--
 5 files changed, 67 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/common.c b/arch/x86/entry/common.c
index 87dea56a15d2..1b6a419a6fac 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/common.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
 #include <linux/nospec.h>
 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
 #include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/pkeys.h>
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PV
 #include <xen/xen-ops.h>
@@ -209,6 +210,41 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(ni_syscall)
 	return -ENOSYS;
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS
+/*
+ * PKRS is a per-logical-processor MSR which overlays additional protection for
+ * pages which have been mapped with a protection key.
+ *
+ * The register is not maintained with XSAVE so we have to maintain the MSR
+ * value in software during context switch and exception handling.
+ *
+ * Context switches save the MSR in the task struct thus taking that value to
+ * other processors if necessary.
+ *
+ * To protect against exceptions having access to this memory we save the
+ * current running value and set the PKRS value for the duration of the
+ * exception.  Thus preventing exception handlers from having the elevated
+ * access of the interrupted task.
+ */
+noinstr void irq_save_set_pkrs(irqentry_state_t *irq_state, u32 val)
+{
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_PKS))
+		return;
+
+	irq_state->thread_pkrs = current->thread.saved_pkrs;
+	write_pkrs(INIT_PKRS_VALUE);
+}
+
+noinstr void irq_restore_pkrs(irqentry_state_t *irq_state)
+{
+	if (!cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_PKS))
+		return;
+
+	write_pkrs(irq_state->thread_pkrs);
+	current->thread.saved_pkrs = irq_state->thread_pkrs;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS */
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_XEN_PV
 #ifndef CONFIG_PREEMPTION
 /*
@@ -272,6 +308,8 @@ __visible noinstr void xen_pv_evtchn_do_upcall(struct pt_regs *regs)
 
 	inhcall = get_and_clear_inhcall();
 	if (inhcall && !WARN_ON_ONCE(irq_state.exit_rcu)) {
+		/* Normally called by irqentry_exit, we must restore pkrs here */
+		irq_restore_pkrs(&irq_state);
 		instrumentation_begin();
 		irqentry_exit_cond_resched();
 		instrumentation_end();
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h
index 801a75615209..11a95e6efd2d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pkeys_common.h
@@ -27,9 +27,10 @@
 			 PKR_AD_KEY(13) | PKR_AD_KEY(14) | PKR_AD_KEY(15))
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS
-void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs);
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(u32, pkrs_cache);
+noinstr void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs);
 #else
-static inline void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs) { }
+static __always_inline void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs) { }
 #endif
 
 #endif /*_ASM_X86_PKEYS_INTERNAL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c b/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
index 76a62419c446..6892d4524868 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c
@@ -248,7 +248,7 @@ DEFINE_PER_CPU(u32, pkrs_cache);
  *     until all prior executions of WRPKRU have completed execution
  *     and updated the PKRU register.
  */
-void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs)
+noinstr void write_pkrs(u32 new_pkrs)
 {
 	u32 *pkrs;
 
diff --git a/include/linux/entry-common.h b/include/linux/entry-common.h
index 1193a70bcf1b..21eae007061d 100644
--- a/include/linux/entry-common.h
+++ b/include/linux/entry-common.h
@@ -348,6 +348,8 @@ void irqentry_exit_to_user_mode(struct pt_regs *regs);
 #ifndef irqentry_state
 /**
  * struct irqentry_state - Opaque object for exception state storage
+ * @thread_pkrs: Thread Supervisor Pkey value to be restored when exception is
+ *               complete.
  * @exit_rcu: Used exclusively in the irqentry_*() calls; signals whether the
  *            exit path has to invoke rcu_irq_exit().
  * @lockdep: Used exclusively in the irqentry_nmi_*() calls; ensures that
@@ -362,6 +364,9 @@ void irqentry_exit_to_user_mode(struct pt_regs *regs);
  * the maintenance of the irqentry_*() functions.
  */
 typedef struct irqentry_state {
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS
+	u32 thread_pkrs;
+#endif
 	union {
 		bool	exit_rcu;
 		bool	lockdep;
@@ -369,6 +374,14 @@ typedef struct irqentry_state {
 } irqentry_state_t;
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_SUPERVISOR_PKEYS
+noinstr void irq_save_set_pkrs(irqentry_state_t *irq_state, u32 val);
+noinstr void irq_restore_pkrs(irqentry_state_t *irq_state);
+#else
+static __always_inline void irq_save_set_pkrs(irqentry_state_t *irq_state, u32 val) { }
+static __always_inline void irq_restore_pkrs(irqentry_state_t *irq_state) { }
+#endif
+
 /**
  * irqentry_enter - Handle state tracking on ordinary interrupt entries
  * @regs:	Pointer to pt_regs of interrupted context
diff --git a/kernel/entry/common.c b/kernel/entry/common.c
index 5ed9d45fb41b..3590f5bb5870 100644
--- a/kernel/entry/common.c
+++ b/kernel/entry/common.c
@@ -334,7 +334,7 @@ noinstr void irqentry_enter(struct pt_regs *regs, irqentry_state_t *irq_state)
 		instrumentation_end();
 
 		irq_state->exit_rcu = true;
-		return;
+		goto done;
 	}
 
 	/*
@@ -348,6 +348,9 @@ noinstr void irqentry_enter(struct pt_regs *regs, irqentry_state_t *irq_state)
 	rcu_irq_enter_check_tick();
 	trace_hardirqs_off_finish();
 	instrumentation_end();
+
+done:
+	irq_save_set_pkrs(irq_state, INIT_PKRS_VALUE);
 }
 
 void irqentry_exit_cond_resched(void)
@@ -369,7 +372,12 @@ noinstr void irqentry_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, irqentry_state_t *irq_state)
 	/* Check whether this returns to user mode */
 	if (user_mode(regs)) {
 		irqentry_exit_to_user_mode(regs);
-	} else if (!regs_irqs_disabled(regs)) {
+		return;
+	}
+
+	irq_restore_pkrs(irq_state);
+
+	if (!regs_irqs_disabled(regs)) {
 		/*
 		 * If RCU was not watching on entry this needs to be done
 		 * carefully and needs the same ordering of lockdep/tracing
@@ -415,10 +423,12 @@ void noinstr irqentry_nmi_enter(struct pt_regs *regs, irqentry_state_t *irq_stat
 	trace_hardirqs_off_finish();
 	ftrace_nmi_enter();
 	instrumentation_end();
+	irq_save_set_pkrs(irq_state, INIT_PKRS_VALUE);
 }
 
 void noinstr irqentry_nmi_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, irqentry_state_t *irq_state)
 {
+	irq_restore_pkrs(irq_state);
 	instrumentation_begin();
 	ftrace_nmi_exit();
 	if (irq_state->lockdep) {
-- 
2.28.0.rc0.12.gb6a658bd00c9


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-11-06 23:30 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 45+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-11-06 23:28 [PATCH V3 00/10] PKS: Add Protection Keys Supervisor (PKS) support V3 ira.weiny
2020-11-06 23:28 ` [PATCH V3 01/10] x86/pkeys: Create pkeys_common.h ira.weiny
2020-11-06 23:29 ` [PATCH V3 02/10] x86/fpu: Refactor arch_set_user_pkey_access() for PKS support ira.weiny
2020-11-06 23:29 ` [PATCH V3 03/10] x86/pks: Add PKS defines and Kconfig options ira.weiny
2020-11-06 23:29 ` [PATCH V3 04/10] x86/pks: Preserve the PKRS MSR on context switch ira.weiny
2020-12-17 14:50   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-12-17 22:43     ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-12-18 13:57       ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-12-18 19:20         ` Dan Williams
2020-12-18 21:06           ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-12-18 21:58             ` Dan Williams
2020-12-18 22:44               ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-12-18 19:42         ` Ira Weiny
2020-12-18 20:10           ` Dave Hansen
2020-12-18 21:30           ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-12-18  4:05     ` Ira Weiny
2020-12-17 20:41   ` [NEEDS-REVIEW] " Dave Hansen
2020-12-18  4:10     ` Ira Weiny
2020-12-18 15:33       ` Dave Hansen
2020-11-06 23:29 ` [PATCH V3 05/10] x86/entry: Pass irqentry_state_t by reference ira.weiny
2020-11-15 18:58   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-16 18:49     ` Ira Weiny
2020-11-16 20:36       ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-24  6:09   ` [PATCH V3.1] entry: " ira.weiny
2020-12-11 22:14     ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-12-16  1:32       ` Ira Weiny
2020-12-16  2:09         ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-12-17  0:38           ` Ira Weiny
2020-12-17 13:07       ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-12-17 13:19         ` Peter Zijlstra
2020-12-17 15:35           ` Andy Lutomirski
2020-12-17 16:58     ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-06 23:29 ` ira.weiny [this message]
2020-12-17 15:28   ` [PATCH V3 06/10] x86/entry: Preserve PKRS MSR across exceptions Thomas Gleixner
2020-11-06 23:29 ` [PATCH V3 07/10] x86/fault: Report the PKRS state on fault ira.weiny
2020-11-06 23:29 ` [PATCH V3 08/10] x86/pks: Add PKS kernel API ira.weiny
2020-12-23 20:39   ` Randy Dunlap
2020-11-06 23:29 ` [PATCH V3 09/10] x86/pks: Enable Protection Keys Supervisor (PKS) ira.weiny
2020-11-06 23:29 ` [PATCH V3 10/10] x86/pks: Add PKS test code ira.weiny
2020-12-17 20:55   ` Dave Hansen
2020-12-18  4:05     ` Ira Weiny
2020-12-18 16:59       ` Dan Williams
2020-12-07 22:14 ` [PATCH V3 00/10] PKS: Add Protection Keys Supervisor (PKS) support V3 Ira Weiny
2020-12-08 15:55   ` Thomas Gleixner
2020-12-08 17:22     ` Ira Weiny

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