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From: Paul Gortmaker <>
Cc: Paul Gortmaker <>,
	Yury Norov <>,
	Peter Zijlstra <>,
	"Paul E. McKenney" <>,
	Frederic Weisbecker <>,
	Josh Triplett <>,
	Thomas Gleixner <>,
	Ingo Molnar <>, Li Zefan <>
Subject: [PATCH v2 0/3] :support for bitmap (and hence CPU) list abbreviations
Date: Thu, 21 Jan 2021 17:33:52 -0500	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)

The basic objective here was to add support for "nohz_full=8-N" and/or
"rcu_nocbs="4-N" -- essentially introduce "N" as a portable reference
to the last core, evaluated at boot for anything using a CPU list.

The thinking behind this, is that people carve off a few early CPUs to
support housekeeping tasks, and perhaps dedicate one to a busy I/O
peripheral, and then the remaining pool of CPUs out to the end are a
part of a commonly configured pool used for the real work the user
cares about.

Extend that logic out to a fleet of machines - some new, and some
nearing EOL, and you've probably got a wide range of core counts to
contend with - even though the early number of cores dedicated to the
system overhead probably doesn't vary.

This change would enable sysadmins to have a common bootarg across all
such systems, and would also avoid any off-by-one fencepost errors that
happen for users who might briefly forget that core counts start at

Looking around before starting, I noticed RCU already had a short-form
abbreviation "all" -- but if we want to treat CPU lists in a uniform
matter, then tokens shouldn't be implemented at a subsystem level and
hence be subsystem specific; each with their own variations.

So I moved "all" to global use - for boot args, and for cgroups.  Then
I added the inverse "none" and finally, the one I wanted -- "N".

Originally I did this at the CPU subsys level, but Yury suggested it
be moved down further to bitmap level itself, and that was good advice.
Things got smaller and less complex.

The use of "N" isn't a standalone word like "all" or "none".  It will
be a part of a complete range specification, possibly with CSV separate
ranges before and after; like "nohz_full=5,6,8-N" or "nohz_full=2-N:3/4"

Also tested the post-boot cgroup use case as per below:

   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset# mkdir foo
   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset# cd foo
   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/foo# cat cpuset.cpus
   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/foo# /bin/echo 10-N > cpuset.cpus
   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/foo# cat cpuset.cpus
   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/foo# /bin/echo all > cpuset.cpus
   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/foo# cat cpuset.cpus
   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/foo# /bin/echo none > cpuset.cpus
   root@hackbox:/sys/fs/cgroup/cpuset/foo# cat cpuset.cpus

This was on a 16 core machine with CONFIG_NR_CPUS=16 in .config file.

Note that "N" is a dynamic quantity, and can change scope if the bitmap
is changed in size.  So at the risk of stating the obvious, don't use it
for "burn_eFuse=128-N" or "secure_erase_firmware=32-N" type stuff.



[v2: push code down from cpu subsys to core bitmap code as per
 Yury's comments.  Change "last" to simply be "N" as per PeterZ.

 Combination of the two got rid of needing strword() and greatly
 reduced complexity and footprint of the change -- thanks! ]

Cc: Yury Norov <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <>
Cc: Josh Triplett <>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Cc: Li Zefan <>

Paul Gortmaker (3):
  lib: add "all" and "none" as valid ranges to bitmap_parselist()
  rcu: dont special case "all" handling; let bitmask deal with it
  lib: support N as end of range in bitmap_parselist()

 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.rst         | 15 +++++++++++
 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         |  4 +--
 kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h                      | 13 +++------
 lib/bitmap.c                                  | 27 +++++++++++++++----
 4 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)


             reply	other threads:[~2021-01-21 22:36 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-01-21 22:33 Paul Gortmaker [this message]
2021-01-21 22:33 ` [PATCH 1/3] lib: add "all" and "none" as valid ranges to bitmap_parselist() Paul Gortmaker
2021-01-22  0:07   ` Yury Norov
2021-01-22  4:34     ` Paul Gortmaker
2021-01-21 22:33 ` [PATCH 2/3] rcu: dont special case "all" handling; let bitmask deal with it Paul Gortmaker
2021-01-21 22:33 ` [PATCH 3/3] lib: support N as end of range in bitmap_parselist() Paul Gortmaker
2021-01-22  0:29   ` Yury Norov
2021-01-22  4:43     ` Paul Gortmaker
2021-01-22 23:08       ` Yury Norov
2021-01-26 17:18         ` Paul Gortmaker

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