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* [PATCH] mm: vmstat: fix NOHZ wakeups for node stat changes
@ 2021-02-02 18:43 Johannes Weiner
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Johannes Weiner @ 2021-02-02 18:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Andrew Morton; +Cc: linux-mm, linux-kernel, kernel-team

On NOHZ, the periodic vmstat flushers on each CPU can go to sleep and
won't wake up until stat changes are detected in the per-cpu deltas of
the zone vmstat counters.

In commit 75ef71840539 ("mm, vmstat: add infrastructure for per-node
vmstats") per-node counters were introduced, and subsequently most
stats were moved from the zone to the node level. However, the node
counters weren't added to the NOHZ wakeup detection.

In theory this can cause per-cpu errors to remain in the user-reported
stats indefinitely. In practice this only affects a handful of sub
counters (file_mapped, dirty and writeback e.g.) because other page
state changes at the node level likely involve a change at the zone
level as well (alloc and free, lru ops). Also, nobody has complained.

Fix it up for completeness: wake up vmstat refreshing on node
changes. Also remove the BUILD_BUG_ONs that assert counter size; we
haven't relied on it since we added sizeof() to the range calculation
in commit 13c9aaf7fa01 ("mm/vmstat.c: fix NUMA statistics updates").

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <>
 mm/vmstat.c | 15 +++++++++------
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
index 97fc32a53320..1cf549dd703e 100644
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -1904,16 +1904,12 @@ static void vmstat_update(struct work_struct *w)
 static bool need_update(int cpu)
+	pg_data_t *last_pgdat = NULL;
 	struct zone *zone;
 	for_each_populated_zone(zone) {
 		struct per_cpu_pageset *p = per_cpu_ptr(zone->pageset, cpu);
-		BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(p->vm_stat_diff[0]) != 1);
-		BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(p->vm_numa_stat_diff[0]) != 2);
+		struct per_cpu_nodestat *n;
 		 * The fast way of checking if there are any vmstat diffs.
@@ -1925,6 +1921,13 @@ static bool need_update(int cpu)
 			return true;
+		if (last_pgdat == zone->zone_pgdat)
+			continue;
+		last_pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat;
+		n = per_cpu_ptr(zone->zone_pgdat->per_cpu_nodestats, cpu);
+		if (memchr_inv(n->vm_node_stat_diff, 0, NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS *
+			       sizeof(n->vm_node_stat_diff[0])))
+		    return true;
 	return false;

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2021-02-02 18:43 [PATCH] mm: vmstat: fix NOHZ wakeups for node stat changes Johannes Weiner

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