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From: "Chang S. Bae" <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
To: bp@suse.de, luto@kernel.org, tglx@linutronix.de,
	mingo@kernel.org, x86@kernel.org
Cc: len.brown@intel.com, dave.hansen@intel.com, jing2.liu@intel.com,
	ravi.v.shankar@intel.com, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	chang.seok.bae@intel.com
Subject: [PATCH v4 00/22] x86: Support Intel Advanced Matrix Extensions
Date: Sun, 21 Feb 2021 10:56:15 -0800	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20210221185637.19281-1-chang.seok.bae@intel.com> (raw)

Intel Advanced Matrix Extensions (AMX)[1][2] will be shipping on servers
soon.  AMX consists of configurable TMM "TILE" registers plus new
accelerator instructions that operate on them.  TMUL (Tile matrix MULtiply)
is the first accelerator instruction set to use the new registers, and we
anticipate additional instructions in the future.

Neither AMX state nor TMUL instructions depend on AVX.  However, AMX and
AVX do share common challenges.  The TMM registers are 8KB today, and
architecturally as large as 64KB, which merits updates to hardware and
software state management.

Further, both technologies run faster when they are not simultaneously
running on SMT siblings, and both technologies use of power and bandwidth
impact the power and performance available to neighboring cores.  (This
impact has measurably improved in recent hardware.)

If the existing kernel approach for managing XSAVE state was employed to
handle AMX, 8KB space would be added to every task, but possibly rarely
used.  So Linux support is optimized by using a new XSAVE feature: eXtended
Feature Disabling (XFD).  The kernel arms XFD to provide a #NM exception
upon a tasks' first access to TILE state. The kernel exception handler
installs the appropriate XSAVE context switch buffer, and the task behaves
as if the kernel had done that for all tasks.  Using XFD, AMX space is
allocated only when needed, eliminating the memory waste for unused state
components.

This series requires the new minimum sigaltstack support [3] and is based
on the mainline. The series is composed of three parts:
* Patch 01-15: Foundation to support dynamic user state management
* Patch 16-20: AMX enablement, including unit tests
* Patch 21-22: Signal handling optimization and new boot-parameters

Thanks to Len Brown and Dave Hansen for help with the cover letter.

Changes from v3 [6]:
* Updated some commit messages and code comments. (Borislav Petkov)
* Added and removed some helpers. (Borislav Petkov)
* Revised the buffer allocation function. (Borislav Petkov)
* Simplified in accessing buffers. (Borislav Petkov)
* Re-organized some code change more reviewable. (PATCH9/10)
* Reverted unnecessary changes. (PATCH4)
* Fixed typo in the documentation. (Randy Dunlap)

Changes from v2 [5]:
* Removed the patch for the tile data inheritance. Also, updated the
  selftest patch. (Andy Lutomirski)
* Changed the kernel tainted when any unknown state is enabled. (Andy
  Lutomirski)
* Changed to use the XFD feature only when the compacted format in use.
* Improved the test code.
* Simplified the cmdline handling.
* Removed 'task->fpu' in changelogs. (Boris Petkov)
* Updated the variable name / comments / changelogs for clarification.

Changes from v1 [4]:
* Added vmalloc() error tracing (Dave Hansen, PeterZ, and Andy Lutomirski)
* Inlined the #NM handling code (Andy Lutomirski)
* Made signal handling optimization revertible
* Revised the new parameter handling code (Andy Lutomirski and Dave Hansen)
* Rebased on the upstream kernel

[1]: Intel Architecture Instruction Set Extension Programming Reference
    February 2021, https://software.intel.com/content/dam/develop/external/us/en/documents-tps/architecture-instruction-set-extensions-programming-reference.pdf
[2]: https://software.intel.com/content/www/us/en/develop/documentation/cpp-compiler-developer-guide-and-reference/top/compiler-reference/intrinsics/intrinsics-for-intel-advanced-matrix-extensions-intel-amx-instructions.html
[3]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210203172242.29644-1-chang.seok.bae@intel.com/
[4]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20201001203913.9125-1-chang.seok.bae@intel.com/
[5]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20201119233257.2939-1-chang.seok.bae@intel.com/
[6]: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20201223155717.19556-1-chang.seok.bae@intel.com/

Chang S. Bae (22):
  x86/fpu/xstate: Modify the initialization helper to handle both static
    and dynamic buffers
  x86/fpu/xstate: Modify state copy helpers to handle both static and
    dynamic buffers
  x86/fpu/xstate: Modify address finders to handle both static and
    dynamic buffers
  x86/fpu/xstate: Modify the context restore helper to handle both
    static and dynamic buffers
  x86/fpu/xstate: Add a new variable to indicate dynamic user states
  x86/fpu/xstate: Add new variables to indicate dynamic xstate buffer
    size
  x86/fpu/xstate: Calculate and remember dynamic xstate buffer sizes
  x86/fpu/xstate: Convert the struct fpu 'state' field to a pointer
  x86/fpu/xstate: Introduce helpers to manage the xstate buffer
    dynamically
  x86/fpu/xstate: Define the scope of the initial xstate data
  x86/fpu/xstate: Update the xstate save function to support dynamic
    states
  x86/fpu/xstate: Update the xstate buffer address finder to support
    dynamic states
  x86/fpu/xstate: Update the xstate context copy function to support
    dynamic states
  x86/fpu/xstate: Expand the xstate buffer on the first use of dynamic
    user state
  x86/fpu/xstate: Support ptracer-induced xstate buffer expansion
  x86/fpu/xstate: Extend the table to map state components with features
  x86/cpufeatures/amx: Enumerate Advanced Matrix Extension (AMX) feature
    bits
  x86/fpu/amx: Define AMX state components and have it used for
    boot-time checks
  x86/fpu/amx: Enable the AMX feature in 64-bit mode
  selftest/x86/amx: Include test cases for the AMX state management
  x86/fpu/xstate: Support dynamic user state in the signal handling path
  x86/fpu/xstate: Introduce boot-parameters to control state component
    support

 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         |  15 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/cpufeatures.h            |   4 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/internal.h           |  77 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/types.h              |  67 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h             |  60 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/msr-index.h              |   2 +
 arch/x86/include/asm/pgtable.h                |   2 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h              |  10 +-
 arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h              |   9 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c                  |   2 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/cpu/cpuid-deps.c              |   4 +
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c                    |  67 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/init.c                    |  99 ++-
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/regset.c                  |  63 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c                  |  61 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c                  | 580 +++++++++++---
 arch/x86/kernel/process.c                     |  12 +
 arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c                  |   2 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c                  |   2 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/traps.c                       |  40 +
 arch/x86/kvm/x86.c                            |  46 +-
 arch/x86/math-emu/fpu_aux.c                   |   2 +-
 arch/x86/math-emu/fpu_entry.c                 |   4 +-
 arch/x86/math-emu/fpu_system.h                |   2 +-
 arch/x86/mm/pkeys.c                           |   2 +-
 tools/testing/selftests/x86/Makefile          |   2 +-
 tools/testing/selftests/x86/amx.c             | 743 ++++++++++++++++++
 27 files changed, 1717 insertions(+), 262 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 tools/testing/selftests/x86/amx.c


base-commit: f40ddce88593482919761f74910f42f4b84c004b
-- 
2.17.1


             reply	other threads:[~2021-02-21 19:02 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 78+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-02-21 18:56 Chang S. Bae [this message]
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 01/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Modify the initialization helper to handle both static and dynamic buffers Chang S. Bae
2021-03-10 13:40   ` Borislav Petkov
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 02/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Modify state copy helpers " Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 03/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Modify address finders " Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 04/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Modify the context restore helper " Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 05/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Add a new variable to indicate dynamic user states Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 06/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Add new variables to indicate dynamic xstate buffer size Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 07/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Calculate and remember dynamic xstate buffer sizes Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 08/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Convert the struct fpu 'state' field to a pointer Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 09/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Introduce helpers to manage the xstate buffer dynamically Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 10/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Define the scope of the initial xstate data Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 11/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Update the xstate save function to support dynamic states Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 12/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Update the xstate buffer address finder " Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 13/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Update the xstate context copy function " Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 14/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Expand the xstate buffer on the first use of dynamic user state Chang S. Bae
2021-03-20 22:13   ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-20 22:21     ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-03-23 21:01       ` Len Brown
2021-03-24  3:14         ` Liu, Jing2
2021-03-24 21:09           ` Len Brown
2021-03-24 21:26             ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-03-24 21:30               ` Dave Hansen
2021-03-24 21:42                 ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-03-24 21:58                   ` Dave Hansen
2021-03-24 22:12                     ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-03-25  5:12             ` Liu, Jing2
2021-03-25  6:59               ` Bae, Chang Seok
2021-03-25  7:26                 ` Liu, Jing2
2021-03-23 21:52     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2021-03-24 14:24       ` Dave Hansen
2021-03-29 13:14     ` Len Brown
2021-03-29 13:33       ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-29 15:43         ` Len Brown
2021-03-29 16:06           ` Len Brown
2021-03-29 17:43             ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-03-29 18:57               ` Len Brown
2021-03-29 18:49           ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-29 22:16             ` Len Brown
2021-03-30  8:28               ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-30 16:38                 ` Len Brown
2021-03-26 16:34   ` Jann Horn
2021-03-29 18:14     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 15/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Support ptracer-induced xstate buffer expansion Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 16/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Extend the table to map state components with features Chang S. Bae
2021-03-20 21:25   ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-23 21:52     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 17/22] x86/cpufeatures/amx: Enumerate Advanced Matrix Extension (AMX) feature bits Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 18/22] x86/fpu/amx: Define AMX state components and have it used for boot-time checks Chang S. Bae
2021-03-20 21:31   ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-23 21:52     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 19/22] x86/fpu/amx: Enable the AMX feature in 64-bit mode Chang S. Bae
2021-03-20 21:26   ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-23 21:51     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 20/22] selftest/x86/amx: Include test cases for the AMX state management Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 21/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Support dynamic user state in the signal handling path Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 18:56 ` [PATCH v4 22/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Introduce boot-parameters to control state component support Chang S. Bae
2021-02-21 19:30   ` Randy Dunlap
2021-02-21 20:10     ` Bae, Chang Seok
2021-02-21 20:37       ` Randy Dunlap
2021-03-20 20:56   ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-25 22:59     ` Len Brown
2021-03-25 23:10       ` Dave Hansen
2021-03-26 15:27         ` Len Brown
2021-03-26 19:22           ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-26  1:41       ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-03-26 15:33         ` Len Brown
2021-03-26 15:48           ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-03-26 17:53             ` Len Brown
2021-03-26 18:12               ` Andy Lutomirski
2021-03-27  4:53                 ` Len Brown
2021-03-27 22:20                   ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-29 13:31                     ` Len Brown
2021-03-29 14:10                       ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-26 18:17               ` Borislav Petkov
2021-03-27  4:41                 ` Len Brown
2021-03-26  1:50       ` Thomas Gleixner
2021-03-26 15:36         ` Len Brown

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