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From: ojeda@kernel.org
To: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: rust-for-linux@vger.kernel.org, linux-kbuild@vger.kernel.org,
	linux-doc@vger.kernel.org, linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org,
	Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>,
	Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>,
	Geoffrey Thomas <geofft@ldpreload.com>,
	Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>,
	Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>,
	Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>,
	Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Subject: [PATCH 04/13] Kbuild: Rust support
Date: Wed, 14 Apr 2021 20:45:55 +0200
Message-ID: <20210414184604.23473-5-ojeda@kernel.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210414184604.23473-1-ojeda@kernel.org>

From: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>

This commit includes also the `Kconfig` entries related to Rust,
the Rust configuration printer, the target definition files,
the version detection script and a few other bits.

In the future, we will likely want to generate the target files
on the fly via a script.

With this in place, we will be adding the rest of the bits piece
by piece and enabling their builds.

Co-developed-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Gaynor <alex.gaynor@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Geoffrey Thomas <geofft@ldpreload.com>
Signed-off-by: Geoffrey Thomas <geofft@ldpreload.com>
Co-developed-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Signed-off-by: Finn Behrens <me@kloenk.de>
Co-developed-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Adam Bratschi-Kaye <ark.email@gmail.com>
Co-developed-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Wedson Almeida Filho <wedsonaf@google.com>
Co-developed-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Signed-off-by: Miguel Ojeda <ojeda@kernel.org>
---
 .gitignore                        |   2 +
 .rustfmt.toml                     |  12 +++
 Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst   |   4 +
 Documentation/process/changes.rst |   9 ++
 Makefile                          | 120 +++++++++++++++++++++++--
 arch/arm64/rust/target.json       |  40 +++++++++
 arch/powerpc/rust/target.json     |  30 +++++++
 arch/x86/rust/target.json         |  42 +++++++++
 init/Kconfig                      |  27 ++++++
 lib/Kconfig.debug                 | 100 +++++++++++++++++++++
 rust/.gitignore                   |   5 ++
 rust/Makefile                     | 141 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 scripts/Makefile.build            |  19 ++++
 scripts/Makefile.lib              |  12 +++
 scripts/kconfig/confdata.c        |  67 +++++++++++++-
 scripts/rust-version.sh           |  31 +++++++
 16 files changed, 654 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 .rustfmt.toml
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 arch/x86/rust/target.json
 create mode 100644 rust/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 rust/Makefile
 create mode 100755 scripts/rust-version.sh

diff --git a/.gitignore b/.gitignore
index 3af66272d6f1..6ba4f516f46c 100644
--- a/.gitignore
+++ b/.gitignore
@@ -37,6 +37,7 @@
 *.o
 *.o.*
 *.patch
+*.rmeta
 *.s
 *.so
 *.so.dbg
@@ -96,6 +97,7 @@ modules.order
 !.gitattributes
 !.gitignore
 !.mailmap
+!.rustfmt.toml
 
 #
 # Generated include files
diff --git a/.rustfmt.toml b/.rustfmt.toml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5893c0e3cbde
--- /dev/null
+++ b/.rustfmt.toml
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+edition = "2018"
+format_code_in_doc_comments = true
+newline_style = "Unix"
+
+# Unstable options that help catching some mistakes in formatting and that we may want to enable
+# when they become stable.
+#
+# They are kept here since they are useful to run from time to time.
+#reorder_impl_items = true
+#comment_width = 100
+#wrap_comments = true
+#normalize_comments = true
diff --git a/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst b/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
index 2d1fc03d346e..1109d18d9377 100644
--- a/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
+++ b/Documentation/kbuild/kbuild.rst
@@ -57,6 +57,10 @@ CFLAGS_MODULE
 -------------
 Additional module specific options to use for $(CC).
 
+KRUSTCFLAGS
+-----------
+Additional options to the Rust compiler (for built-in and modules).
+
 LDFLAGS_MODULE
 --------------
 Additional options used for $(LD) when linking modules.
diff --git a/Documentation/process/changes.rst b/Documentation/process/changes.rst
index dac17711dc11..4b6ba5458706 100644
--- a/Documentation/process/changes.rst
+++ b/Documentation/process/changes.rst
@@ -31,6 +31,8 @@ you probably needn't concern yourself with pcmciautils.
 ====================== ===============  ========================================
 GNU C                  4.9              gcc --version
 Clang/LLVM (optional)  10.0.1           clang --version
+rustc (optional)       nightly          rustc --version
+bindgen (optional)     0.56.0           bindgen --version
 GNU make               3.81             make --version
 binutils               2.23             ld -v
 flex                   2.5.35           flex --version
@@ -56,6 +58,7 @@ iptables               1.4.2            iptables -V
 openssl & libcrypto    1.0.0            openssl version
 bc                     1.06.95          bc --version
 Sphinx\ [#f1]_	       1.3		sphinx-build --version
+rustdoc (optional)     nightly          rustdoc --version
 ====================== ===============  ========================================
 
 .. [#f1] Sphinx is needed only to build the Kernel documentation
@@ -330,6 +333,12 @@ Sphinx
 Please see :ref:`sphinx_install` in :ref:`Documentation/doc-guide/sphinx.rst <sphinxdoc>`
 for details about Sphinx requirements.
 
+rustdoc
+-------
+
+``rustdoc`` is used to generate Rust documentation. Please see
+:ref:`Documentation/rust/docs.rst <rust_docs>` for more information.
+
 Getting updated software
 ========================
 
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 9c75354324ed..62b3bba38635 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -120,6 +120,13 @@ endif
 
 export KBUILD_CHECKSRC
 
+# Enable "clippy" (a linter) as part of the Rust compilation.
+#
+# Use 'make CLIPPY=1' to enable it.
+ifeq ("$(origin CLIPPY)", "command line")
+  KBUILD_CLIPPY := $(CLIPPY)
+endif
+
 # Use make M=dir or set the environment variable KBUILD_EXTMOD to specify the
 # directory of external module to build. Setting M= takes precedence.
 ifeq ("$(origin M)", "command line")
@@ -263,7 +270,7 @@ no-dot-config-targets := $(clean-targets) \
 			 cscope gtags TAGS tags help% %docs check% coccicheck \
 			 $(version_h) headers headers_% archheaders archscripts \
 			 %asm-generic kernelversion %src-pkg dt_binding_check \
-			 outputmakefile
+			 outputmakefile rustfmt rustfmtcheck
 no-sync-config-targets := $(no-dot-config-targets) %install kernelrelease \
 			  image_name
 single-targets := %.a %.i %.ko %.lds %.ll %.lst %.mod %.o %.s %.symtypes %/
@@ -444,6 +451,10 @@ OBJDUMP		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)objdump
 READELF		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)readelf
 STRIP		= $(CROSS_COMPILE)strip
 endif
+RUSTC		= rustc
+RUSTFMT		= rustfmt
+CLIPPY_DRIVER	= clippy-driver
+BINDGEN		= bindgen
 PAHOLE		= pahole
 RESOLVE_BTFIDS	= $(objtree)/tools/bpf/resolve_btfids/resolve_btfids
 LEX		= flex
@@ -467,9 +478,11 @@ CHECKFLAGS     := -D__linux__ -Dlinux -D__STDC__ -Dunix -D__unix__ \
 		  -Wbitwise -Wno-return-void -Wno-unknown-attribute $(CF)
 NOSTDINC_FLAGS :=
 CFLAGS_MODULE   =
+RUSTCFLAGS_MODULE =
 AFLAGS_MODULE   =
 LDFLAGS_MODULE  =
 CFLAGS_KERNEL	=
+RUSTCFLAGS_KERNEL =
 AFLAGS_KERNEL	=
 LDFLAGS_vmlinux =
 
@@ -498,15 +511,30 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS   := -Wall -Wundef -Werror=strict-prototypes -Wno-trigraphs \
 		   -Werror=return-type -Wno-format-security \
 		   -std=gnu89
 KBUILD_CPPFLAGS := -D__KERNEL__
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS := --emit=dep-info,obj,metadata --edition=2018 \
+		     -Cpanic=abort -Cembed-bitcode=n -Clto=n -Crpath=n \
+		     -Cforce-unwind-tables=n -Ccodegen-units=1 \
+		     -Zbinary_dep_depinfo=y -Zsymbol-mangling-version=v0
 KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL :=
 KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL :=
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_KERNEL :=
 KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE  := -DMODULE
 KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE  := -DMODULE
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_MODULE := --cfg MODULE
 KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE :=
 KBUILD_LDFLAGS :=
 CLANG_FLAGS :=
 
-export ARCH SRCARCH CONFIG_SHELL BASH HOSTCC KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS CROSS_COMPILE LD CC
+ifeq ($(KBUILD_CLIPPY),1)
+	RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET := CLIPPY
+	RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY = $(CLIPPY_DRIVER)
+else
+	RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET := RUSTC
+	RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY = $(RUSTC)
+endif
+export RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY
+
+export ARCH SRCARCH CONFIG_SHELL BASH HOSTCC KBUILD_HOSTCFLAGS CROSS_COMPILE LD CC RUSTC BINDGEN
 export CPP AR NM STRIP OBJCOPY OBJDUMP READELF PAHOLE RESOLVE_BTFIDS LEX YACC AWK INSTALLKERNEL
 export PERL PYTHON3 CHECK CHECKFLAGS MAKE UTS_MACHINE HOSTCXX
 export KGZIP KBZIP2 KLZOP LZMA LZ4 XZ ZSTD
@@ -514,9 +542,10 @@ export KBUILD_HOSTCXXFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDFLAGS KBUILD_HOSTLDLIBS LDFLAGS_MODULE
 
 export KBUILD_CPPFLAGS NOSTDINC_FLAGS LINUXINCLUDE OBJCOPYFLAGS KBUILD_LDFLAGS
 export KBUILD_CFLAGS CFLAGS_KERNEL CFLAGS_MODULE
+export KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS RUSTCFLAGS_KERNEL RUSTCFLAGS_MODULE
 export KBUILD_AFLAGS AFLAGS_KERNEL AFLAGS_MODULE
-export KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE
-export KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL
+export KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_MODULE KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE
+export KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_KERNEL
 
 # Files to ignore in find ... statements
 
@@ -712,7 +741,7 @@ $(KCONFIG_CONFIG):
 quiet_cmd_syncconfig = SYNC    $@
       cmd_syncconfig = $(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile syncconfig
 
-%/config/auto.conf %/config/auto.conf.cmd %/generated/autoconf.h: $(KCONFIG_CONFIG)
+%/config/auto.conf %/config/auto.conf.cmd %/generated/autoconf.h %/generated/rustc_cfg: $(KCONFIG_CONFIG)
 	+$(call cmd,syncconfig)
 else # !may-sync-config
 # External modules and some install targets need include/generated/autoconf.h
@@ -738,12 +767,43 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-disable-warning, format-truncation)
 KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-disable-warning, format-overflow)
 KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-disable-warning, address-of-packed-member)
 
+ifdef CONFIG_RUST_DEBUG_ASSERTIONS
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Cdebug-assertions=y
+else
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Cdebug-assertions=n
+endif
+
+ifdef CONFIG_RUST_OVERFLOW_CHECKS
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Coverflow-checks=y
+else
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Coverflow-checks=n
+endif
+
 ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O2
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_OPT_LEVEL_MAP := 2
 else ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE_O3
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -O3
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_OPT_LEVEL_MAP := 3
 else ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Os
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_OPT_LEVEL_MAP := z
+endif
+
+ifdef CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_SIMILAR_AS_CHOSEN_FOR_C
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Copt-level=$(KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_OPT_LEVEL_MAP)
+else ifdef CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_0
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Copt-level=0
+else ifdef CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_1
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Copt-level=1
+else ifdef CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_2
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Copt-level=2
+else ifdef CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_3
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Copt-level=3
+else ifdef CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_S
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Copt-level=s
+else ifdef CONFIG_RUST_OPT_LEVEL_Z
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Copt-level=z
 endif
 
 # Tell gcc to never replace conditional load with a non-conditional one
@@ -793,6 +853,7 @@ endif
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-disable-warning, unused-const-variable)
 ifdef CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER
 KBUILD_CFLAGS	+= -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += -Cforce-frame-pointers=y
 else
 # Some targets (ARM with Thumb2, for example), can't be built with frame
 # pointers.  For those, we don't have FUNCTION_TRACER automatically
@@ -826,6 +887,8 @@ ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_GCC
 DEBUG_CFLAGS	+= $(call cc-ifversion, -lt, 0500, $(call cc-option, -fno-var-tracking-assignments))
 endif
 
+DEBUG_RUSTCFLAGS :=
+
 ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO
 
 ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_SPLIT
@@ -836,6 +899,11 @@ endif
 
 ifneq ($(LLVM_IAS),1)
 KBUILD_AFLAGS	+= -Wa,-gdwarf-2
+ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_REDUCED
+DEBUG_RUSTCFLAGS += -Cdebuginfo=1
+else
+DEBUG_RUSTCFLAGS += -Cdebuginfo=2
+endif
 endif
 
 ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF_TOOLCHAIN_DEFAULT
@@ -860,6 +928,9 @@ endif # CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(DEBUG_CFLAGS)
 export DEBUG_CFLAGS
 
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += $(DEBUG_RUSTCFLAGS)
+export DEBUG_RUSTCFLAGS
+
 ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
 ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_USE_CC
   CC_FLAGS_FTRACE	+= -mrecord-mcount
@@ -990,10 +1061,11 @@ include $(addprefix $(srctree)/, $(include-y))
 # Do not add $(call cc-option,...) below this line. When you build the kernel
 # from the clean source tree, the GCC plugins do not exist at this point.
 
-# Add user supplied CPPFLAGS, AFLAGS and CFLAGS as the last assignments
+# Add user supplied CPPFLAGS, AFLAGS, CFLAGS and RUSTCFLAGS as the last assignments
 KBUILD_CPPFLAGS += $(KCPPFLAGS)
 KBUILD_AFLAGS   += $(KAFLAGS)
 KBUILD_CFLAGS   += $(KCFLAGS)
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += $(KRUSTCFLAGS)
 
 KBUILD_LDFLAGS_MODULE += --build-id=sha1
 LDFLAGS_vmlinux += --build-id=sha1
@@ -1138,6 +1210,10 @@ export MODULES_NSDEPS := $(extmod-prefix)modules.nsdeps
 ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
 core-y		+= kernel/ certs/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/ block/
 
+ifdef CONFIG_RUST
+core-y		+= rust/
+endif
+
 vmlinux-dirs	:= $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, \
 		     $(core-y) $(core-m) $(drivers-y) $(drivers-m) \
 		     $(libs-y) $(libs-m)))
@@ -1238,6 +1314,9 @@ archprepare: outputmakefile archheaders archscripts scripts include/config/kerne
 prepare0: archprepare
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=scripts/mod
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=.
+ifdef CONFIG_RUST
+	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=rust
+endif
 
 # All the preparing..
 prepare: prepare0 prepare-objtool prepare-resolve_btfids
@@ -1648,6 +1727,13 @@ help:
 	@echo  '  kselftest-merge   - Merge all the config dependencies of'
 	@echo  '		      kselftest to existing .config.'
 	@echo  ''
+	@echo  'Rust targets:'
+	@echo  '  rustfmt	  - Reformat all the Rust code in the kernel'
+	@echo  '  rustfmtcheck	  - Checks if all the Rust code in the kernel'
+	@echo  '		    is formatted, printing a diff otherwise.'
+	@echo  '  rustdoc	  - Generate Rust documentation'
+	@echo  '		    (requires kernel .config)'
+	@echo  ''
 	@$(if $(dtstree), \
 		echo 'Devicetree:'; \
 		echo '* dtbs             - Build device tree blobs for enabled boards'; \
@@ -1719,6 +1805,27 @@ PHONY += $(DOC_TARGETS)
 $(DOC_TARGETS):
 	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=Documentation $@
 
+
+# Rust targets
+# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+# Documentation target
+#
+# Using the singular to avoid running afoul of `no-dot-config-targets`.
+PHONY += rustdoc
+rustdoc: prepare0
+	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=rust $@
+
+# Formatting targets
+PHONY += rustfmt rustfmtcheck
+
+rustfmt:
+	find -name '*.rs' | xargs $(RUSTFMT)
+
+rustfmtcheck:
+	find -name '*.rs' | xargs $(RUSTFMT) --check
+
+
 # Misc
 # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
@@ -1866,6 +1973,7 @@ clean: $(clean-dirs)
 	$(call cmd,rmfiles)
 	@find $(if $(KBUILD_EXTMOD), $(KBUILD_EXTMOD), .) $(RCS_FIND_IGNORE) \
 		\( -name '*.[aios]' -o -name '*.ko' -o -name '.*.cmd' \
+		-o -name '*.rmeta' \
 		-o -name '*.ko.*' \
 		-o -name '*.dtb' -o -name '*.dtbo' -o -name '*.dtb.S' -o -name '*.dt.yaml' \
 		-o -name '*.dwo' -o -name '*.lst' \
diff --git a/arch/arm64/rust/target.json b/arch/arm64/rust/target.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..44953e2725c4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/rust/target.json
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+{
+  "arch": "aarch64",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-i8:8:32-i16:16:32-i64:64-i128:128-n32:64-S128",
+  "disable-redzone": true,
+  "eliminate-frame-pointer": false,
+  "emit-debug-gdb-scripts": false,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "+strict-align,+neon,+fp-armv8",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "is-builtin": true,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "aarch64-unknown-none",
+  "max-atomic-width": 128,
+  "needs-plt": true,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m64"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "stack-probes": {
+    "kind": "inline-or-call",
+    "min-llvm-version-for-inline": [
+      11,
+      0,
+      1
+    ]
+  },
+  "target-c-int-width": "32",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "64",
+  "vendor": ""
+}
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/rust/target.json b/arch/powerpc/rust/target.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1e53f8308092
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/rust/target.json
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+{
+  "arch": "powerpc64",
+  "code-mode": "kernel",
+  "cpu": "ppc64le",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-i64:64-n32:64",
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "-altivec,-vsx,-hard-float",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "is-builtin": true,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "powerpc64le-elf",
+  "max-atomic-width": 64,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m64"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "target-family": "unix",
+  "target-mcount": "_mcount",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "64"
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/rust/target.json b/arch/x86/rust/target.json
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6e1759cd45bf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/rust/target.json
@@ -0,0 +1,42 @@
+{
+  "arch": "x86_64",
+  "code-model": "kernel",
+  "cpu": "x86-64",
+  "data-layout": "e-m:e-p270:32:32-p271:32:32-p272:64:64-i64:64-f80:128-n8:16:32:64-S128",
+  "disable-redzone": true,
+  "eliminate-frame-pointer": false,
+  "emit-debug-gdb-scripts": false,
+  "env": "gnu",
+  "features": "-mmx,-sse,-sse2,-sse3,-ssse3,-sse4.1,-sse4.2,-3dnow,-3dnowa,-avx,-avx2,+soft-float",
+  "function-sections": false,
+  "is-builtin": true,
+  "linker-flavor": "gcc",
+  "linker-is-gnu": true,
+  "llvm-target": "x86_64-elf",
+  "max-atomic-width": 64,
+  "needs-plt": true,
+  "os": "none",
+  "panic-strategy": "abort",
+  "position-independent-executables": true,
+  "pre-link-args": {
+    "gcc": [
+      "-Wl,--as-needed",
+      "-Wl,-z,noexecstack",
+      "-m64"
+    ]
+  },
+  "relocation-model": "static",
+  "relro-level": "full",
+  "stack-probes": {
+    "kind": "inline-or-call",
+    "min-llvm-version-for-inline": [
+      11,
+      0,
+      1
+    ]
+  },
+  "target-c-int-width": "32",
+  "target-endian": "little",
+  "target-pointer-width": "64",
+  "vendor": "unknown"
+}
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 5f5c776ef192..11475840c29c 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -57,6 +57,15 @@ config LLD_VERSION
 	default $(ld-version) if LD_IS_LLD
 	default 0
 
+config HAS_RUST
+	depends on ARM64 || (PPC64 && CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN) || X86_64
+	def_bool $(success,$(RUSTC) --version)
+
+config RUSTC_VERSION
+	depends on HAS_RUST
+	int
+	default $(shell,$(srctree)/scripts/rust-version.sh $(RUSTC))
+
 config CC_CAN_LINK
 	bool
 	default $(success,$(srctree)/scripts/cc-can-link.sh $(CC) $(CLANG_FLAGS) $(m64-flag)) if 64BIT
@@ -2027,6 +2036,24 @@ config PROFILING
 	  Say Y here to enable the extended profiling support mechanisms used
 	  by profilers.
 
+config RUST
+	bool "Rust support"
+	depends on HAS_RUST
+	depends on !COMPILE_TEST
+	default n
+	help
+	  Enables Rust support in the kernel.
+
+	  This allows other Rust-related options, like drivers written in Rust,
+	  to be selected.
+
+	  It is also required to be able to load external kernel modules
+	  written in Rust.
+
+	  See Documentation/rust/ for more information.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
 #
 # Place an empty function call at each tracepoint site. Can be
 # dynamically changed for a probe function.
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 2779c29d9981..acf4993baddc 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -2537,6 +2537,106 @@ config HYPERV_TESTING
 
 endmenu # "Kernel Testing and Coverage"
 
+menu "Rust hacking"
+
+config RUST_DEBUG_ASSERTIONS
+	bool "Debug assertions"
+	default n
+	depends on RUST
+	help
+	  Enables rustc's `-Cdebug-assertions` codegen option.
+
+	  This flag lets you turn `cfg(debug_assertions)` conditional
+	  compilation on or off. This can be used to enable extra debugging
+	  code in development but not in production. For example, it controls
+	  the behavior of the standard library's `debug_assert!` macro.
+
+	  Note that this will apply to all Rust code, including `core`.
+
+	  If unsure, say N.
+
+config RUST_OVERFLOW_CHECKS
+	bool "Overflow checks"
+	default y
+	depends on RUST
+	help
+	  Enables rustc's `-Coverflow-checks` codegen option.
+
+	  This flag allows you to control the behavior of runtime integer
+	  overflow. When overflow-checks are enabled, a panic will occur
+	  on overflow.
+
+	  Note that this will apply to all Rust code, including `core`.
+
+	  If unsure, say Y.
+
+choice
+	prompt "Optimization level"
+	default RUST_OPT_LEVEL_SIMILAR_AS_CHOSEN_FOR_C
+	depends on RUST
+	help
+	  Controls rustc's `-Copt-level` codegen option.
+
+	  This flag controls the optimization level.
+
+	  If unsure, say "Similar as chosen for C".
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_SIMILAR_AS_CHOSEN_FOR_C
+	bool "Similar as chosen for C"
+	help
+	  This choice will pick a similar optimization level as chosen in
+	  the "Compiler optimization level" for C:
+
+	      -O2 is currently mapped to -Copt-level=2
+	      -O3 is currently mapped to -Copt-level=3
+	      -Os is currently mapped to -Copt-level=z
+
+	  The mapping may change over time to follow the intended semantics
+	  of the choice for C as sensibly as possible.
+
+	  This is the default.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_0
+	bool "No optimizations (-Copt-level=0)"
+	help
+	  Not recommended for most purposes. It may come in handy for debugging
+	  suspected optimizer bugs, unexpected undefined behavior, etc.
+
+	  Note that this level will *not* enable debug assertions nor overflow
+	  checks on its own (like it happens when interacting with rustc
+	  directly). Use the corresponding configuration options to control
+	  that instead, orthogonally.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_1
+	bool "Basic optimizations (-Copt-level=1)"
+	help
+	  Useful for debugging without getting too lost, but without
+	  the overhead and boilerplate of no optimizations at all.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_2
+	bool "Some optimizations (-Copt-level=2)"
+	help
+	  The sensible choice in most cases.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_3
+	bool "All optimizations (-Copt-level=3)"
+	help
+	  Yet more performance (hopefully).
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_S
+	bool "Optimize for size (-Copt-level=s)"
+	help
+	  Smaller kernel, ideally without too much performance loss.
+
+config RUST_OPT_LEVEL_Z
+	bool "Optimize for size, no loop vectorization (-Copt-level=z)"
+	help
+	  Like the previous level, but also turn off loop vectorization.
+
+endchoice
+
+endmenu # "Rust"
+
 source "Documentation/Kconfig"
 
 endmenu # Kernel hacking
diff --git a/rust/.gitignore b/rust/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8875e08ed0b1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+bindings_generated.rs
+exports_*_generated.h
+doc/
\ No newline at end of file
diff --git a/rust/Makefile b/rust/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ba4b13e4fc7f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/rust/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,141 @@
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+
+RUSTDOC = rustdoc
+
+quiet_cmd_rustdoc = RUSTDOC $<
+      cmd_rustdoc = \
+	RUST_BINDINGS_FILE=$(abspath $(objtree)/rust/bindings_generated.rs) \
+	$(RUSTDOC) $(filter-out --emit=%, $(rustc_flags)) \
+		$(rustdoc_target_flags) -L $(objtree)/rust/ \
+		--output $(objtree)/rust/doc --crate-name $(subst rustdoc-,,$@) \
+		-Fmissing-docs @$(objtree)/include/generated/rustc_cfg $<
+
+rustdoc: rustdoc-module rustdoc-compiler_builtins rustdoc-kernel
+
+rustdoc-module: private rustdoc_target_flags = --crate-type proc-macro \
+    --extern proc_macro
+rustdoc-module: $(srctree)/rust/module.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc)
+
+rustdoc-compiler_builtins: $(srctree)/rust/compiler_builtins.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc)
+
+rustdoc-kernel: private rustdoc_target_flags = --extern alloc \
+    --extern module=$(objtree)/rust/libmodule.so
+rustdoc-kernel: $(srctree)/rust/kernel/lib.rs rustdoc-module \
+    $(objtree)/rust/libmodule.so $(objtree)/rust/bindings_generated.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,rustdoc)
+
+ifdef CONFIG_CC_IS_CLANG
+bindgen_c_flags = $(c_flags)
+else
+# bindgen relies on libclang to parse C. Ideally, bindgen would support a GCC
+# plugin backend and/or the Clang driver would be perfectly compatible with GCC.
+#
+# For the moment, here we are tweaking the flags on the fly. Some config
+# options may not work (e.g. `GCC_PLUGIN_RANDSTRUCT` if we end up using one
+# of those structs). We might want to redo how Clang flags are kept track of
+# in the general `Makefile` even for GCC builds, similar to what we did with
+# `TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS`.
+bindgen_skip_c_flags := -mno-fp-ret-in-387 -mpreferred-stack-boundary=% \
+	-mskip-rax-setup -mgeneral-regs-only -msign-return-address=% \
+	-mindirect-branch=thunk-extern -mindirect-branch-register -mrecord-mcount \
+	-mabi=lp64 -mstack-protector-guard% -fconserve-stack -falign-jumps=% \
+	-falign-loops=% -fno-ipa-cp-clone -fno-partial-inlining \
+	-fno-reorder-blocks -fno-allow-store-data-races -fasan-shadow-offset=% \
+	-Wno-packed-not-aligned -Wno-format-truncation -Wno-format-overflow \
+	-Wno-stringop-truncation -Wno-unused-but-set-variable \
+	-Wno-stringop-overflow -Wno-restrict -Wno-maybe-uninitialized \
+	-Werror=designated-init -Wno-zero-length-bounds \
+	--param=% --param asan-%
+
+# PowerPC
+bindgen_skip_c_flags += -mtraceback=no -mno-pointers-to-nested-functions \
+	-mno-string -mno-strict-align
+
+bindgen_extra_c_flags = $(TENTATIVE_CLANG_FLAGS) -Wno-address-of-packed-member
+bindgen_c_flags = $(filter-out $(bindgen_skip_c_flags), $(c_flags)) \
+	$(bindgen_extra_c_flags)
+endif
+
+bindgen_opaque_types := xregs_state desc_struct arch_lbr_state
+
+# To avoid several recompilations in PowerPC, which inserts `-D_TASK_CPU`
+bindgen_c_flags_final = $(filter-out -D_TASK_CPU=%, $(bindgen_c_flags))
+
+quiet_cmd_bindgen = BINDGEN $@
+      cmd_bindgen = \
+	$(BINDGEN) $< $(addprefix --opaque-type , $(bindgen_opaque_types)) \
+		--use-core --with-derive-default --ctypes-prefix c_types \
+		--size_t-is-usize -o $@ -- $(bindgen_c_flags_final) -DMODULE
+
+$(objtree)/rust/bindings_generated.rs: $(srctree)/rust/kernel/bindings_helper.h FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,bindgen)
+
+quiet_cmd_exports = EXPORTS $@
+      cmd_exports = \
+	$(NM) -p --defined-only $< \
+		| grep -E ' (T|R|D) ' | cut -d ' ' -f 3 | grep -E '^(__rust_|_R)' \
+		| xargs -Isymbol \
+		echo 'EXPORT_SYMBOL_RUST_GPL(symbol);' > $@
+
+$(objtree)/rust/exports_core_generated.h: $(objtree)/rust/core.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,exports)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/exports_alloc_generated.h: $(objtree)/rust/alloc.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,exports)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/exports_kernel_generated.h: $(objtree)/rust/kernel.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,exports)
+
+# `-Cpanic=unwind -Cforce-unwind-tables=y` overrides `rustc_flags` in order to
+# avoid the https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/82320 rustc crash.
+quiet_cmd_rustc_procmacro = $(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET) P $@
+      cmd_rustc_procmacro = \
+	$(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY) $(rustc_flags) \
+		--emit=dep-info,link --extern proc_macro \
+		-Cpanic=unwind -Cforce-unwind-tables=y \
+		--crate-type proc-macro --out-dir $(objtree)/rust/ \
+		--crate-name $(patsubst lib%.so,%,$(notdir $@)) $<; \
+	mv $(objtree)/rust/$(patsubst lib%.so,%,$(notdir $@)).d $(depfile); \
+	sed -i '/^\#/d' $(depfile)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/libmodule.so: $(srctree)/rust/module.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_procmacro)
+
+quiet_cmd_rustc_library = $(if $(skip_clippy),RUSTC,$(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET)) L $@
+      cmd_rustc_library = \
+	RUST_BINDINGS_FILE=$(abspath $(objtree)/rust/bindings_generated.rs) \
+	$(if $(skip_clippy),$(RUSTC),$(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY)) \
+		$(rustc_flags) $(rustc_cross_flags) $(rustc_target_flags) \
+		--crate-type rlib --out-dir $(objtree)/rust/ -L $(objtree)/rust/ \
+		--crate-name $(patsubst %.o,%,$(notdir $@)) $<; \
+	mv $(objtree)/rust/$(patsubst %.o,%,$(notdir $@)).d $(depfile); \
+	sed -i '/^\#/d' $(depfile) \
+	$(if $(rustc_objcopy),;$(OBJCOPY) $(rustc_objcopy) $@)
+
+# `$(rustc_flags)` is passed in case the user added `--sysroot`.
+rustc_sysroot = $(shell $(RUSTC) $(rustc_flags) --print sysroot)
+rustc_src = $(rustc_sysroot)/lib/rustlib/src/rust
+
+.SECONDEXPANSION:
+$(objtree)/rust/core.o: private skip_clippy = 1
+$(objtree)/rust/core.o: $$(rustc_src)/library/core/src/lib.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/compiler_builtins.o: private rustc_objcopy = -w -W '__*'
+$(objtree)/rust/compiler_builtins.o: $(srctree)/rust/compiler_builtins.rs \
+    $(objtree)/rust/core.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
+
+$(objtree)/rust/alloc.o: private skip_clippy = 1
+$(objtree)/rust/alloc.o: $$(rustc_src)/library/alloc/src/lib.rs \
+    $(objtree)/rust/compiler_builtins.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
+
+# ICE on `--extern module`: https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues/56935
+$(objtree)/rust/kernel.o: private rustc_target_flags = --extern alloc \
+    --extern module=$(objtree)/rust/libmodule.so
+$(objtree)/rust/kernel.o: $(srctree)/rust/kernel/lib.rs $(objtree)/rust/alloc.o \
+    $(objtree)/rust/libmodule.so $(objtree)/rust/bindings_generated.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_library)
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.build b/scripts/Makefile.build
index 1b6094a13034..3665c49c4dcf 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.build
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.build
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ EXTRA_CPPFLAGS :=
 EXTRA_LDFLAGS  :=
 asflags-y  :=
 ccflags-y  :=
+rustcflags-y :=
 cppflags-y :=
 ldflags-y  :=
 
@@ -287,6 +288,24 @@ quiet_cmd_cc_lst_c = MKLST   $@
 $(obj)/%.lst: $(src)/%.c FORCE
 	$(call if_changed_dep,cc_lst_c)
 
+# Compile Rust sources (.rs)
+# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
+
+rustc_cross_flags := --target=$(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/rust/target.json
+
+quiet_cmd_rustc_o_rs = $(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY_QUIET) $(quiet_modtag) $@
+      cmd_rustc_o_rs = \
+	RUST_MODFILE=$(modfile) \
+	$(RUSTC_OR_CLIPPY) $(rustc_flags) $(rustc_cross_flags) \
+		--extern alloc --extern kernel \
+		--crate-type rlib --out-dir $(obj) -L $(objtree)/rust/ \
+		--crate-name $(patsubst %.o,%,$(notdir $@)) $<; \
+	mv $(obj)/$(subst .o,,$(notdir $@)).d $(depfile); \
+	sed -i '/^\#/d' $(depfile)
+
+$(obj)/%.o: $(src)/%.rs FORCE
+	$(call if_changed_dep,rustc_o_rs)
+
 # Compile assembler sources (.S)
 # ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
index 8cd67b1b6d15..bd6cb3562fb4 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ ldflags-y  += $(EXTRA_LDFLAGS)
 # flags that take effect in current and sub directories
 KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(subdir-asflags-y)
 KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(subdir-ccflags-y)
+KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS += $(subdir-rustcflags-y)
 
 # Figure out what we need to build from the various variables
 # ===========================================================================
@@ -122,6 +123,10 @@ _c_flags       = $(filter-out $(CFLAGS_REMOVE_$(target-stem).o), \
                      $(filter-out $(ccflags-remove-y), \
                          $(KBUILD_CPPFLAGS) $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) $(ccflags-y)) \
                      $(CFLAGS_$(target-stem).o))
+_rustc_flags    = $(filter-out $(RUSTCFLAGS_REMOVE_$(target-stem).o), \
+                     $(filter-out $(rustcflags-remove-y), \
+                         $(KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS) $(rustcflags-y)) \
+                     $(RUSTCFLAGS_$(target-stem).o))
 _a_flags       = $(filter-out $(AFLAGS_REMOVE_$(target-stem).o), \
                      $(filter-out $(asflags-remove-y), \
                          $(KBUILD_CPPFLAGS) $(KBUILD_AFLAGS) $(asflags-y)) \
@@ -191,6 +196,11 @@ modkern_cflags =                                          \
 		$(KBUILD_CFLAGS_MODULE) $(CFLAGS_MODULE), \
 		$(KBUILD_CFLAGS_KERNEL) $(CFLAGS_KERNEL) $(modfile_flags))
 
+modkern_rustcflags =                                              \
+	$(if $(part-of-module),                                   \
+		$(KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_MODULE) $(RUSTCFLAGS_MODULE), \
+		$(KBUILD_RUSTCFLAGS_KERNEL) $(RUSTCFLAGS_KERNEL))
+
 modkern_aflags = $(if $(part-of-module),				\
 			$(KBUILD_AFLAGS_MODULE) $(AFLAGS_MODULE),	\
 			$(KBUILD_AFLAGS_KERNEL) $(AFLAGS_KERNEL))
@@ -200,6 +210,8 @@ c_flags        = -Wp,-MMD,$(depfile) $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE)     \
 		 $(_c_flags) $(modkern_cflags)                           \
 		 $(basename_flags) $(modname_flags)
 
+rustc_flags     = $(_rustc_flags) $(modkern_rustcflags) @$(objtree)/include/generated/rustc_cfg
+
 a_flags        = -Wp,-MMD,$(depfile) $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE)     \
 		 $(_a_flags) $(modkern_aflags)
 
diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/confdata.c b/scripts/kconfig/confdata.c
index 2568dbe16ed6..a83d646ecef5 100644
--- a/scripts/kconfig/confdata.c
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/confdata.c
@@ -637,6 +637,56 @@ static struct conf_printer kconfig_printer_cb =
 	.print_comment = kconfig_print_comment,
 };
 
+/*
+ * rustc cfg printer
+ *
+ * This printer is used when generating the resulting rustc configuration
+ * after kconfig invocation and `defconfig` files.
+ */
+static void rustc_cfg_print_symbol(FILE *fp, struct symbol *sym, const char *value, void *arg)
+{
+	const char *str;
+
+	switch (sym->type) {
+	case S_INT:
+	case S_HEX:
+	case S_BOOLEAN:
+	case S_TRISTATE:
+		str = sym_escape_string_value(value);
+
+		/*
+		 * We don't care about disabled ones, i.e. no need for
+		 * what otherwise are "comments" in other printers.
+		 */
+		if (*value == 'n')
+			return;
+
+		/*
+		 * To have similar functionality to the C macro `IS_ENABLED()`
+		 * we provide an empty `--cfg CONFIG_X` here in both `y`
+		 * and `m` cases.
+		 *
+		 * Then, the common `fprintf()` below will also give us
+		 * a `--cfg CONFIG_X="y"` or `--cfg CONFIG_X="m"`, which can
+		 * be used as the equivalent of `IS_BUILTIN()`/`IS_MODULE()`.
+		 */
+		if (*value == 'y' || *value == 'm')
+			fprintf(fp, "--cfg=%s%s\n", CONFIG_, sym->name);
+
+		break;
+	default:
+		str = value;
+		break;
+	}
+
+	fprintf(fp, "--cfg=%s%s=%s\n", CONFIG_, sym->name, str);
+}
+
+static struct conf_printer rustc_cfg_printer_cb =
+{
+	.print_symbol = rustc_cfg_print_symbol,
+};
+
 /*
  * Header printer
  *
@@ -1044,7 +1094,7 @@ int conf_write_autoconf(int overwrite)
 	struct symbol *sym;
 	const char *name;
 	const char *autoconf_name = conf_get_autoconfig_name();
-	FILE *out, *out_h;
+	FILE *out, *out_h, *out_rustc_cfg;
 	int i;
 
 	if (!overwrite && is_present(autoconf_name))
@@ -1065,6 +1115,13 @@ int conf_write_autoconf(int overwrite)
 		return 1;
 	}
 
+	out_rustc_cfg = fopen(".tmp_rustc_cfg", "w");
+	if (!out_rustc_cfg) {
+		fclose(out);
+		fclose(out_h);
+		return 1;
+	}
+
 	conf_write_heading(out, &kconfig_printer_cb, NULL);
 	conf_write_heading(out_h, &header_printer_cb, NULL);
 
@@ -1076,9 +1133,11 @@ int conf_write_autoconf(int overwrite)
 		/* write symbols to auto.conf and autoconf.h */
 		conf_write_symbol(out, sym, &kconfig_printer_cb, (void *)1);
 		conf_write_symbol(out_h, sym, &header_printer_cb, NULL);
+		conf_write_symbol(out_rustc_cfg, sym, &rustc_cfg_printer_cb, NULL);
 	}
 	fclose(out);
 	fclose(out_h);
+	fclose(out_rustc_cfg);
 
 	name = getenv("KCONFIG_AUTOHEADER");
 	if (!name)
@@ -1097,6 +1156,12 @@ int conf_write_autoconf(int overwrite)
 	if (rename(".tmpconfig", autoconf_name))
 		return 1;
 
+	name = "include/generated/rustc_cfg";
+	if (make_parent_dir(name))
+		return 1;
+	if (rename(".tmp_rustc_cfg", name))
+		return 1;
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
diff --git a/scripts/rust-version.sh b/scripts/rust-version.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..67b6d31688e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/scripts/rust-version.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+#
+# rust-version rust-command
+#
+# Print the compiler version of `rust-command' in a 5 or 6-digit form
+# such as `14502' for rustc-1.45.2 etc.
+#
+# Returns 0 if not found (so that Kconfig does not complain)
+compiler="$*"
+
+if [ ${#compiler} -eq 0 ]; then
+	echo "Error: No compiler specified." >&2
+	printf "Usage:\n\t$0 <rust-command>\n" >&2
+	exit 1
+fi
+
+if ! command -v $compiler >/dev/null 2>&1; then
+	echo 0
+	exit 0
+fi
+
+VERSION=$($compiler --version | cut -f2 -d' ')
+
+# Cut suffix if any (e.g. `-dev`)
+VERSION=$(echo $VERSION | cut -f1 -d'-')
+
+MAJOR=$(echo $VERSION | cut -f1 -d'.')
+MINOR=$(echo $VERSION | cut -f2 -d'.')
+PATCHLEVEL=$(echo $VERSION | cut -f3 -d'.')
+printf "%d%02d%02d\\n" $MAJOR $MINOR $PATCHLEVEL
-- 
2.17.1


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 183+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-14 18:45 [PATCH 00/13] [RFC] " ojeda
2021-04-14 18:45 ` [PATCH 01/13] kallsyms: Support "big" kernel symbols (2-byte lengths) ojeda
2021-04-14 19:44   ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-04-14 19:59     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 18:45 ` [PATCH 02/13] kallsyms: Increase maximum kernel symbol length to 512 ojeda
2021-04-14 23:48   ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-14 18:45 ` [PATCH 03/13] Makefile: Generate CLANG_FLAGS even in GCC builds ojeda
2021-04-14 18:59   ` Nathan Chancellor
2021-04-15 10:18     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 23:46   ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-15  0:47     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 18:45 ` ojeda [this message]
2021-04-14 23:19   ` [PATCH 04/13] Kbuild: Rust support Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-15  0:43     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-15 18:03       ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-16 12:23         ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-17 19:35       ` Masahiro Yamada
2021-04-16 13:38   ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-16 17:05     ` Linus Torvalds
2021-04-16 17:47       ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 18:09         ` Al Viro
2021-04-16 18:57           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 20:22             ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-16 20:34               ` Connor Kuehl
2021-04-16 20:58                 ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-16 21:39                   ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 22:04                     ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-16 22:45                       ` Al Viro
2021-04-16 23:46                       ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-17  4:24                         ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-17 15:38                           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 21:19               ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 17:34     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-19 19:58       ` David Sterba
2021-04-19 20:17         ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-04-19 21:03           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-19 20:54         ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 18:45 ` [PATCH 05/13] Rust: Compiler builtins crate ojeda
2021-04-14 19:19   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-04-14 19:34     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 18:45 ` [PATCH 06/13] Rust: Module crate ojeda
2021-04-14 18:45 ` [PATCH 07/13] Rust: Kernel crate ojeda
2021-04-14 19:31   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-04-14 19:50     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 18:45 ` [PATCH 08/13] Rust: Export generated symbols ojeda
2021-04-14 18:46 ` [PATCH 09/13] Samples: Rust examples ojeda
2021-04-14 19:34   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-04-14 19:42     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 19:49       ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-04-16 11:46       ` Andrej Shadura
2021-04-14 23:24     ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-15  7:10       ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-04-15  7:39         ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-15 12:42         ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 13:07         ` Sven Van Asbroeck
2021-04-16 13:20           ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-04-14 18:46 ` [PATCH 10/13] Documentation: Rust general information ojeda
2021-04-14 22:17   ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-14 23:34     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 18:46 ` [PATCH 11/13] MAINTAINERS: Rust ojeda
2021-04-14 21:55   ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-14 22:02     ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 22:36   ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-14 18:46 ` [PATCH 12/13] Rust: add abstractions for Binder (WIP) ojeda
2021-04-14 18:46 ` [PATCH 13/13] Android: Binder IPC in Rust (WIP) ojeda
2021-04-14 19:44 ` [PATCH 00/13] [RFC] Rust support Linus Torvalds
2021-04-14 20:20   ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-15  1:38     ` Kees Cook
2021-04-15  8:26       ` David Laight
2021-04-15 18:08         ` Kees Cook
2021-04-15 12:39       ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-14 20:09 ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-04-14 20:21   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-04-14 20:35     ` Josh Triplett
2021-04-14 22:08     ` David Laight
2021-04-14 20:29   ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-18 15:31   ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-15  0:22 ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-15 10:05   ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-15 18:58 ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-16  2:22   ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-16  4:25     ` Al Viro
2021-04-16  5:02       ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-16  5:39         ` Paul Zimmerman
2021-04-16  7:46         ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-16  7:09     ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-17  5:23       ` comex
2021-04-17 12:46       ` David Laight
2021-04-17 14:51       ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-04-19  7:32         ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-19  7:53           ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-04-19  8:26             ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-19  8:35               ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-19  9:02               ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-04-19  9:36                 ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-19  9:40                   ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-04-19 11:01                     ` Will Deacon
2021-04-19 17:14                   ` Linus Torvalds
2021-04-19 18:38                     ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-04-19 18:50                       ` Linus Torvalds
2021-04-22 10:03     ` Linus Walleij
2021-04-22 14:09       ` David Laight
2021-04-22 15:24       ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-26  0:18         ` Linus Walleij
2021-04-26 14:26           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-26 14:40           ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-26 16:03             ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-27 10:54             ` Linus Walleij
2021-04-27 11:13               ` Robin Randhawa
2021-04-29  1:52               ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-26 18:01           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-22 21:28       ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-26  0:31         ` Linus Walleij
2021-04-26 18:18           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-27 11:13             ` Linus Walleij
2021-04-28  2:51               ` Kyle Strand
2021-04-28  3:10               ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-05-04 21:21                 ` Linus Walleij
2021-05-04 23:30                   ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-05-05 11:34                     ` Linus Walleij
2021-05-05 14:17                       ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-05-05 15:13                         ` Enrico Weigelt, metux IT consult
2021-05-06 12:47                         ` Linus Walleij
2021-05-07 18:23                           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16  4:27   ` Boqun Feng
2021-04-16  6:04     ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-16 18:47       ` Paul E. McKenney
2021-04-19 20:35         ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-19 21:37           ` Paul E. McKenney
2021-04-19 22:03           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 20:48     ` Josh Triplett
2021-04-16  8:16   ` Michal Kubecek
2021-04-16  9:29     ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-16 11:24 ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-16 13:07   ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-16 14:19     ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-16 15:04       ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 15:43         ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-16 16:21           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 15:33       ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-16 16:14         ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-16 17:10           ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-16 17:18             ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-16 18:08               ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-04-17 11:17                 ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-17 11:46                   ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-17 14:24                     ` Peter Zijlstra
2021-04-17 14:36                       ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-17 13:46                   ` David Laight
2021-04-16 17:37             ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-16 17:46               ` Connor Kuehl
2021-04-20  0:24               ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-20  3:47                 ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-20  5:56                 ` Greg Kroah-Hartman
2021-04-20  6:16                   ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-29 15:38                     ` peter enderborg
2021-04-17 13:53           ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-17 14:21             ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-17 15:23               ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-18 15:51               ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-17 12:41       ` David Laight
2021-04-17 13:01         ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-16 15:03     ` Matthew Wilcox
2021-04-17 13:29       ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-16 15:58     ` Theodore Ts'o
2021-04-16 16:21       ` Wedson Almeida Filho
2021-04-17 15:11       ` Paolo Bonzini
2021-04-16 14:21   ` Miguel Ojeda
2021-04-17 20:42 ` Richard Weinberger
2021-04-28 18:34 ` Mariusz Ceier
2021-04-28 20:25   ` Nick Desaulniers
2021-04-28 21:21   ` David Laight
2021-04-29 11:14     ` Kajetan Puchalski
2021-04-29 11:25   ` Kajetan Puchalski
2021-04-29 14:06     ` Mariusz Ceier
2021-04-29 14:13       ` Sven Van Asbroeck
2021-04-29 14:26         ` Willy Tarreau
2021-04-29 15:06       ` Al Viro
2021-04-29 16:09         ` Mariusz Ceier
2021-04-30  6:39     ` Thomas Schoebel-Theuer
2021-04-30  8:30       ` David Laight
2021-05-05 13:58       ` Enrico Weigelt, metux IT consult
2021-05-05 14:41         ` Miguel Ojeda

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